76 relations: Accolade, Aksel Airo, Ball (dance party), Bank of Finland, Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim, Chancellor of Justice, Civil service, Commander-in-chief, Constitution, Constitution of Finland, Constitutional monarchy, Continuation War, Counselor of State (Finland), Curia regis, Direct election, Electoral college, Euro, Finland, Finlandia Hall, Finnish Border Guard, Finnish Civil War, Finnish Defence Forces, Finnish Government, Finnish language, Finnish nationality law, Foreign relations of Finland, Head of state, Helsinki, Juho Kusti Paasikivi, Jus soli, Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg, Kalevala, Kela (Finnish institution), Kultaranta, List of Finnish monarchs and Heads of State, List of political parties in Finland, List of Prime Ministers of Finland, Martial law, Martti Ahtisaari, Mäntyniemi, Minister of Defence (Finland), Naantali, New Year Address by President of Russia, Order of the Cross of Liberty, Order of the Lion of Finland, Order of the White Rose of Finland, Parliament House, Helsinki, Parliament of Finland, Parliamentary system, Pehr Evind Svinhufvud, ..., Plurality (voting), Presidential Palace, Helsinki, Prime Minister of Finland, Prince Frederick Charles of Hesse, Quorum, Regent, Regnal name, Republic, Risto Ryti, Royal Order of the Seraphim, Sauli Niinistö, Semi-presidential system, Senate of Finland, Speaker of the Parliament of Finland, Swedish language, Tampere, Tampere Hall, Tarja Halonen, Turku, Two-round system, Urho Kekkonen, Väinämöinen, Vice president, Vuorineuvos, Whites (Finland), World War I. Expand index (26 more) » « Shrink index
The accolade (also known as dubbing or adoubement) (benedictio militis) was the central act in the rite of passage ceremonies conferring knighthood in the Middle Ages.
Aksel Fredrik Airo (1898, Turku – 1985) was a Finnish lieutenant general and main strategic planner during the Winter War and the Continuation War.
A ball is a formal dance party.
The Bank of Finland (Suomen Pankki, Finlands Bank) is the central bank of Finland.
Baron Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim (4 June 1867 – 27 January 1951) was a Finnish military leader and statesman.
The Chancellor of Justice is a government official found in some northern European countries, broadly responsible for supervising the lawfulness of government actions.
The civil service is independent of government and composed mainly of career bureaucrats hired on professional merit rather than appointed or elected, whose institutional tenure typically survives transitions of political leadership.
A commander-in-chief, also sometimes called supreme commander, or chief commander, is the person or body that exercises supreme operational command and control of a nation's military forces.
A constitution is a set of fundamental principles or established precedents according to which a state or other organization is governed.
The Constitution of Finland (Suomen perustuslaki or Finlands grundlag) is the supreme source of national law of Finland.
A constitutional monarchy is a form of monarchy in which the sovereign exercises authority in accordance with a written or unwritten constitution.
The Continuation War was a conflict fought by Finland and Nazi Germany, as co-belligerents, against the Soviet Union (USSR) from 1941 to 1944, during World War II.
Counselor of State (Finnish: Valtioneuvos, statsråd) is a Finnish title of honor awarded by the President of Finland to elder statesmen.
Curia regis is a Latin term meaning "royal council" or "king's court." It was the name given to councils of advisors and administrators who served early French kings as well as to those serving Norman and later kings of England.
Direct election is a system of choosing political officeholders in which the voters directly cast ballots for the person, persons, or political party that they desire to see elected.
An electoral college is a set of electors who are selected to elect a candidate to a particular office.
The euro (sign: €; code: EUR) is the official currency of the European Union.
Finland (Suomi; Finland), officially the Republic of Finland is a country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, and Russia to the east.
The Finlandia Hall is a congress and event venue in the centre of Helsinki on the Töölönlahti Bay.
The Finnish Border Guard is the national security agency responsible for enforcing the security of Finland's borders.
The Finnish Civil War was a conflict for the leadership and control of Finland during the country's transition from a Grand Duchy of the Russian Empire to an independent state.
The Finnish Defence Forces (Puolustusvoimat, Försvarsmakten) are responsible for the defence of Finland.
The Finnish government is the executive branch and cabinet of Finland, which directs the politics of Finland and is the main source of legislation proposed to the Parliament.
Finnish (or suomen kieli) is a Finnic language spoken by the majority of the population in Finland and by ethnic Finns outside Finland.
Citizenship of Finland can be obtained on the basis of birth, marriage of parents, adoption, or the place of birth.
The foreign relations of Finland are the responsibility of the president of Finland, who leads foreign policy in cooperation with the government.
A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona that officially represents the national unity and legitimacy of a sovereign state.
Helsinki (or;; Helsingfors) is the capital city and most populous municipality of Finland.
Juho Kusti Paasikivi (27 November 1870 – 14 December 1956) was the seventh President of Finland (1946–1956).
Jus soli, meaning "right of the soil", commonly referred to as birthright citizenship, is the right of anyone born in the territory of a state to nationality or citizenship.
Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg (28 January 1865 – 22 September 1952) was a Finnish jurist and academic, who played a central role in the drafting of the Constitution of Finland in 1919.
The Kalevala (Finnish Kalevala) is a 19th-century work of epic poetry compiled by Elias Lönnrot from Karelian and Finnish oral folklore and mythology.
Kultaranta (Gullranda; lit. "Golden Beach") is the summer residence of the President of Finland.
This is a list of the monarchs of Finland until it became a republic in 1919; that is, the Kings of Sweden with Regents and Viceroys of the Kalmar Union, the Grand Dukes of Finland, a title used by most Swedish monarchs, up to the two-year Regent period following the independence in 1917, with a brief flirtation with a truly domestic monarchy.
This article lists the political parties in Finland.
This is a list of Prime Ministers of Finland since the establishment of that office in 1917.
Martial law is the imposition of direct military control of normal civilian functions of government, especially in response to a temporary emergency such as invasion or major disaster, or in an occupied territory. Martial law can be used by governments to enforce their rule over the public.
Martti Ahtisaari (officially Martti Oiva Kalevi Ahtisaari; born 23 June 1937) is a Finnish politician, the tenth President of Finland (1994–2000), a Nobel Peace Prize laureate, and a United Nations diplomat and mediator noted for his international peace work.
Mäntyniemi is one of the three official residences of the President of Finland, besides the Presidential Palace and Kultaranta.
The Minister of Defence (puolustusministeri, försvarsminister) is a member of the Finnish Council of State.
Naantali (Nådendal) is a town in south-western Finland, known as one of the most important tourist centres of the country.
The New Year Address by the President of Russia is a traditional speech given in Russia by the President to the citizens, and generally broadcast on Russian television.
The Order of the Cross of Liberty (Vapaudenristin ritarikunta; Frihetskorsets orden) is one of three official orders in Finland, along with the Order of the White Rose of Finland and the Order of the Lion of Finland.
The Order of the Lion of Finland (Suomen Leijonan ritarikunta; Finlands Lejons orden) is one of three official orders in Finland, along with the Order of the Cross of Liberty and the Order of the White Rose of Finland.
The Order of the White Rose of Finland (Suomen Valkoisen Ruusun ritarikunta; Finlands Vita Ros’ orden) is one of three official orders in Finland, along with the Order of the Cross of Liberty, and the Order of the Lion of Finland.
The Parliament House (Eduskuntatalo, Riksdagshuset) is the seat of the Parliament of Finland.
The Parliament of Finland, is the unicameral supreme legislature of Finland, founded on 9 May 1906.
A parliamentary system is a system of democratic governance of a state where the executive branch derives its democratic legitimacy from its ability to command the confidence of the legislative branch, typically a parliament, and is also held accountable to that parliament.
Pehr Evind Svinhufvud af Qvalstad (15 December 1861 – 29 February 1944) was the third President of Finland from 1931 to 1937.
A plurality vote (in North America) or relative majority (in the United Kingdom) describes the circumstance when a candidate or proposition polls more votes than any other, but does not receive a majority.
The Presidential Palace in Helsinki (Presidentinlinna, Presidentens slott), is one of the official residences in Helsinki of the President of the Republic of Finland.
The Prime Minister of Finland (Suomen pääministeri) is the head of the Finnish Government.
Frederick Charles Louis Constantine, Prince and Landgrave of Hesse (1 May 1868 – 28 May 1940), Friedrich Karl Ludwig Konstantin Prinz und Landgraf von Hessen-Kassel in German, was the brother-in-law of the German Emperor Wilhelm II.
A quorum is the minimum number of members of a deliberative assembly (a body that uses parliamentary procedure, such as a legislature) necessary to conduct the business of that group.
A regent (from the Latin regens: ruling, governing) is a person appointed to govern a state because the monarch is a minor, is absent or is incapacitated.
A regnal name, or reign name, is a name used by some monarchs and popes during their reigns, and used subsequently to refer to them.
A republic (res publica) is a form of government in which the country is considered a "public matter", not the private concern or property of the rulers.
Risto Heikki Ryti (–) was the fifth president of Finland, from 1940 to 1944.
The Royal Order of the Seraphim (Swedish: Kungliga Serafimerorden; Seraphim being a category of Angels) is a Swedish order of chivalry created by King Frederick I on 23 February 1748, together with the Order of the Sword and the Order of the Polar Star.
Sauli Väinämö Niinistö (born 24 August 1948) is a Finnish politician and the 12th President of Finland, in office since 2012.
A semi-presidential system or dual executive system is a system of government in which a president exists alongside a prime minister and a cabinet, with the latter two being responsible for the legislature of a state.
The Senate of Finland (Suomen senaatti) combined the functions of cabinet and supreme court in the Grand Duchy of Finland from 1816 to 1917 and in the independent Republic of Finland from 1917 to 1918.
The speaker of the Parliament of Finland (Finnish eduskunnan puhemies, Swedish riksdagens talman), along with two deputy speakers, is elected by Parliament during the first plenary session each year.
Swedish is a North Germanic language spoken natively by 9.6 million people, predominantly in Sweden (as the sole official language), and in parts of Finland, where it has equal legal standing with Finnish.
Tampere (Swedish: Tammerfors) is a city in Pirkanmaa, southern Finland.
The Tampere Hall (Tampere-talo) is the largest concert and congress centre in the Nordic countries, located in the southern edge of Sorsapuisto, in the centre of Tampere, Finland.
Tarja Kaarina Halonen (born 24 December 1943) is a Finnish politician who served as the 11th President of Finland, and the first woman to hold the position, from 2000 to 2012.
Turku (Åbo) is a city on the southwest coast of Finland at the mouth of the Aura River, in the region of Southwest Finland.
The two-round system (also known as the second ballot, runoff voting or ballotage) is a voting method used to elect a single winner, where the voter casts a single vote for their chosen candidate.
Urho Kaleva Kekkonen (3 September 1900 – 31 August 1986) was a Finnish politician who served as the eighth and longest-serving President of Finland (1956–82).
Väinämöinen is a demigod, hero and the central character in Finnish folklore and the main character in the national epic Kalevala.
A vice president (in British English: vice-president for governments and director for businesses) is an officer in government or business who is below a president (managing director) in rank.
Vuorineuvos ("mining counselor"; literally "mountain counselor") (bergsråd) is a Finnish honorary title granted by the President of Finland to leading figures in industry and commerce.
The Whites (Valkoiset, De vita, Белофинны), or White Finland, was the name used to refer to the refugee government and forces under Pehr Evind Svinhufvud's first senate who opposed the "Reds", or the Finnish Socialist Workers' Republic, during the Finnish civil war (1918).
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.