130 relations: Acting President of Russia, Angarsk, Aurus Senat, Barvikha, Bicameralism, Bill (law), BMW, Bocharov Ruchey, Boris Yeltsin, Boris Yeltsin Presidential Center, Central Bank of Russia, Chairman of the Federation Council (Russia), Chevrolet, Civil and political rights, Cliff, CNN, Coat of arms of Russia, Constitution of Russia, Constitutional court, Council of Ministers of Russia, Dassault Falcon 900, Decree of the President of Russia, Diplomacy, Dmitry Medvedev, Dolgiye Borody (residence), Elections in Russia, Empennage, English language, Escort vehicle, Excellency, Executive (government), Federal Assembly (Russia), Federal Protective Service (Russia), Federation Council (Russia), First Lady of Russia, Flag of Russia, Foreign relations of Russia, Forestry, Government of Russia, Grand Kremlin Palace, Head of state, Helicopter, Helipad, Hero of Labour of the Russian Federation, Hero of the Russian Federation, Human rights in Russia, Ilyushin Il-62, Ilyushin Il-96, Impeachment in Russia, IMZ-Ural, ..., International organization, Irkutsk, Karelia, Krasnoyarsk, Kremlin Senate, Kuybyshev Reservoir, Lifespan timeline of Presidents of Russia, Limousine, List of heads of state of Russia, List of leaders of Russia, List of presidents of Russia, List of Russian presidential candidates, Lower house, Mercedes-Benz, Mil Mi-8, Moscow, Moscow Kremlin, Mr. President (title), Novgorod Oblast, Novo-Ogaryovo, Order "For Merit to the Fatherland", Order of precedence in Russia, Orders, decorations, and medals of Russia, Petrozavodsk, Pine, Political faction, Political parties in Russia, Political party, Presidency of Boris Yeltsin, Presidency of Dmitry Medvedev, President of the Soviet Union, Presidential Administration of Russia, Presidential state car (Russia), Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Prime Minister of Russia, Prosecutor General of Russia, Ratification, Referendum, Regulation, RIA Novosti, Right of initiative (legislative), Rossiya Airlines, Russia, Russia under Vladimir Putin, Russian Armed Forces, Russian Constitution of 1978, Russian language, Russian presidential election, 2018, Russian presidential election, 2024, Russian presidential elections, Russian ruble, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Saint Petersburg, Saratov, Security Council of Russia, Sochi, State Council (Russia), State Duma, Stream, Strelna, Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, Supreme Court of Arbitration of Russia, Supreme Court of Russia, Supreme Eurasian Economic Council, Supreme Soviet of Russia, Tantalum, Term limit, Treaty, Tupolev Tu-154, Tver Oblast, United Russia, Upper house, Valday (inhabited locality), Veto, Vladimir Putin, Volga River, Yakovlev Yak-40, Yekaterinburg, Yenisei River, Zavidovo. Expand index (80 more) » « Shrink index
The Acting President of the Russian Federation (Исполняющий обязанности Президента Российской Федерации) is a temporary post provided by the Constitution of Russia.
Angarsk (p) is a city and the administrative center of Angarsky District of Irkutsk Oblast, Russia, located on the Kitoy River, from Irkutsk, the administrative center of the oblast.
Aurus Senat (Сенат) is a car developed by NAMI in Moscow, Russia.
Barvikha (Барви́ха) is a village in Odintsovsky District of Moscow Oblast, Russia.
A bicameral legislature divides the legislators into two separate assemblies, chambers, or houses.
A bill is proposed legislation under consideration by a legislature.
BMW (Bayerische Motoren Werke in German, or Bavarian Motor Works in English) is a German multinational company which currently produces luxury automobiles and motorcycles, and also produced aircraft engines until 1945.
Bocharov Ruchey (Бочаров Ручей) is the summer residence of the President of Russia.
Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin (p; 1 February 1931 – 23 April 2007) was a Soviet and Russian politician and the first President of the Russian Federation, serving from 1991 to 1999.
Boris Yeltsin Presidential Center, also known simply as the Yeltsin Center is a social, cultural and educational center, which opened in Yekaterinburg in 2015.
The Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Центральный банк Российской Федерации Tsentral'nyy bank Rossiyskoy Federatsii) also known as the Bank of Russia (Банк России Bank Rossii) is the central bank of the Russian Federation, founded in 1860 as The State Bank of the Russian Empire, headquartered on Neglinnaya Street in Moscow.
The Chairman of the Federation Council of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation (Председатель Совета Федерации Федерального собрания Российской Федерации), also called Speaker (спикер), is the presiding officer of the Upper house of the Russian parliament.
Chevrolet, colloquially referred to as Chevy and formally the Chevrolet Division of General Motors Company, is an American automobile division of the American manufacturer General Motors (GM).
Civil and political rights are a class of rights that protect individuals' freedom from infringement by governments, social organizations, and private individuals.
In geography and geology, a cliff is a vertical, or nearly vertical, rock exposure.
Cable News Network (CNN) is an American basic cable and satellite television news channel and an independent subsidiary of AT&T's WarnerMedia.
The coat of arms of the Russian Federation derives from the earlier coat of arms of the Russian Empire which was abolished with the Russian Revolution in 1917 and restored in 1993 after the constitutional crisis.
The current Constitution of the Russian Federation (Конституция Российской Федерации, Konstitutsiya Rossiyskoy Federatsii) was adopted by national referendum on.
A constitutional court is a high court that deals primarily with constitutional law.
The Russian Council of Ministers is an executive governmental council that brings together the principal officers of the Executive Branch of the Russian government.
The Dassault Falcon 900 is a French-built corporate jet aircraft made by Dassault Aviation.
A Decree of the President of the Russian Federation (Указ Президента Российской Федерации; Ukaz Prezidenta Rossiyskoy Federatsii) or Executive Order (Decree) of the President of Russia is a legal act (ukase) with the status of a by-law made by the Russian president.
Diplomacy is the art and practice of conducting negotiations between representatives of states.
Dmitry Anatolyevich Medvedev (p; born 14 September 1965) is a Russian politician who has served as the Prime Minister of Russia since 2012.
Dolgiye Borody (Долгие Бороды or Long Beards) also known as other names "Valdai" and "Uzhin" is a residence of the President of the Russian Federation and is located in the Novgorod Oblast, 20 kilometers from the city of Valdai, near the village of Dolgi Boroda.
On the federal level, Russia elects a president as head of state and a legislature, one of the two chambers of the Federal Assembly.
The empennage, also known as the tail or tail assembly, is a structure at the rear of an aircraft that provides stability during flight, in a way similar to the feathers on an arrow.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
An escort vehicle, also called a pilot vehicle in most areas, is an automobile used to escort trucks with large loads, convoys of large vehicles, guide motorists through construction sites, and assist aircraft in taxiing from the runway to the tarmac at many airports.
Excellency is an honorific style given to certain high-level officers of a sovereign state, officials of an international organization, or members of an aristocracy.
The executive is the organ exercising authority in and holding responsibility for the governance of a state.
The Federal Assembly (p) is the national legislature of the Russian Federation, according to the Constitution of Russian Federation (1993).
The Federal Protective Service (FSO) (Федеральная служба охраны, ФСО (Federalnaya Sluzhba Okhrany) of the Russian Federation, official name in English Federal Guard Service of the Russian Federation) is a federal government agency concerned with the tasks related to the protection of several high-ranking state officials, mandated by the relevant law, including the President of Russia, as well as certain federal properties.
The Federation Council (Сове́т Федера́ции; Sovet Federatsii, common abbreviation: Совфед (Sovfed) or Senate) is the upper house of the Federal Assembly of Russia (the parliament of the Russian Federation), according to the 1993 Constitution of the Russian Federation.
First Lady of the Russian Federation is the unofficial title given to the wife of the President of Russia.
The flag of Russia (Флаг России) is a tricolor flag consisting of three equal horizontal fields: white on the top, blue in the middle and red on the bottom.
The foreign relations of the Russian Federation is the policy of the government of Russia by which it guides the interactions with other nations, their citizens and foreign organizations.
Forestry is the science and craft of creating, managing, using, conserving, and repairing forests, woodlands, and associated resources to meet desired goals, needs, and values for human and environment benefits.
The Government of Russia exercises executive power in the Russian Federation.
The Grand Kremlin Palace (Большой Кремлёвский дворец; Bolshoy Kremlyovskiy Dvorets), also translated Great Kremlin Palace, was built from 1837 to 1849 in Moscow, Russia on the site of the estate of the Grand Princes, which had been established in the 14th century on Borovitsky Hill.
A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona that officially represents the national unity and legitimacy of a sovereign state.
A helicopter is a type of rotorcraft in which lift and thrust are supplied by rotors.
A helipad is a landing area or platform for helicopters and powered lift aircraft.
Hero of Labour of the Russian Federation (Герой Труда Российской Федерации) is a state award of the Russian Federation.
Hero of the Russian Federation (Герой Российской Федерации) is the highest honorary title of the Russian Federation.
As a successor to the Soviet Union the Russian Federation remains bound by such human rights instruments, adopted by the USSR, as the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (fully).
The Ilyushin IL-62 (Илью́шин Ил-62; NATO reporting name: Classic) is a Soviet long-range narrow-body jet airliner conceived in 1960 by Ilyushin.
The Ilyushin Il-96 (Илью́шин Ил-96) is a Russian four-engined long-haul wide-body airliner designed by Ilyushin in the former Soviet Union and manufactured by the Voronezh Aircraft Production Association in Russia.
Impeachment of the President of the Russian Federation — initiated by the Parliament's legal procedure, providing for the termination of the Russian President of his powers.
IMZ-Ural (Irbit Motorcycle Factory) is a Russian maker of heavy sidecar motorcycles.
An international organization is an organization with an international membership, scope, or presence.
Irkutsk (p) is a city and the administrative center of Irkutsk Oblast, Russia, and one of the largest cities in Siberia.
Karelia (Karelian, Finnish and Estonian: Karjala; Карелия, Kareliya; Karelen), the land of the Karelian peoples, is an area in Northern Europe of historical significance for Finland, Russia, and Sweden.
Krasnoyarsk (p) is a city and the administrative center of Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia, located on the Yenisei River.
The Kremlin Senate (Сенатский дворец.) is a building within the grounds of the Moscow Kremlin in Russia.
Kuybyshev Reservoir or Kuybyshevskoye Reservoir (Ку́йбышевское водохрани́лище, Kuybyshevskoye Vodokhranilishche, Kuybışev susaqlağıçı), sometimes called Samara Reservoir and informally called Kuybyshev Sea, is a reservoir of the middle Volga and lower Kama in the Chuvash Republic, Mari El Republic, Republic of Tatarstan, Samara Oblast and Ulyanovsk Oblast, Russia.
This is a graphical lifespan timeline of Presidents of Russia.
A limousine is a luxury vehicle driven by a chauffeur and with a partition between the driver and the passenger compartment.
This is the list of the heads of state of Russia.
Leaders of Russia are political heads of state.
This is a list of presidents of the Russian Federation, a country that was formed in 1991 after the fall of the Soviet Union.
Candidate for President of Russia – people officially registered as a candidate for President of the Russian Federation.
A lower house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the upper house.
Mercedes-Benz is a global automobile marque and a division of the German company Daimler AG.
The Mil Mi-8 (Ми-8, NATO reporting name: Hip) is a medium twin-turbine helicopter, originally designed by the Soviet Union, and now produced by Russia.
Moscow (a) is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area.
The Moscow Kremlin (p), usually referred to as the Kremlin, is a fortified complex at the heart of Moscow, overlooking the Moskva River to the south, Saint Basil's Cathedral and Red Square to the east, and the Alexander Garden to the west.
The title "Mr.
Novgorod Oblast (Новгоро́дская о́бласть, Novgorodskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast).
Novo-Ogaryovo (Ново-Огарёво), also Novo-Ogarevo, is an estate in the Odintsovsky District of Moscow Oblast, located by the Rublyovo-Uspenskoye Highway, and is the suburban residence of the President of Russia, officially recognized in 2000.
The Order "For Merit to the Fatherland" (Орден «За заслуги перед Отечеством», Orden "Za zaslugi pered Otechestvom") is a state decoration of the Russian Federation.
Order of precedence in Russia specified by Decree of President of Russia #1600 from 12.11.2008 and #1056 from 06.08.2011.
The State Award System of the Russian Federation has varied and distinct origins.
Petrozavodsk (p; Karelian, Vepsian & Petroskoi; Finland Swedish: Petroskoj) is the capital city of the Republic of Karelia, Russia, which stretches along the western shore of Lake Onega for some.
A pine is any conifer in the genus Pinus,, of the family Pinaceae.
A political faction is a group of individuals within a larger entity, such as a political party, a trade union or other group, or simply a political climate, united by a particular common political purpose that differs in some respect to the rest of the entity.
This article discusses political parties in Russia.
A political party is an organised group of people, often with common views, who come together to contest elections and hold power in government.
The Russian Presidency of Boris Yeltsin, was the executive branch of the federal government of the Russian Federation from June 12, 1991 to December 31, 1999.
The Presidency of Dmitry Medvedev began on 8 May 2008, when he became the 3rd President of the Russian Federation.
The President of the Soviet Union (Президент Советского Союза, Prezident Sovetskogo Soyuza), officially called President of the USSR (Президент СССР) or President of the Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics (Президент Союза Советских Социалистических Республик), was the head of state of the Soviet Union from 15 March 1990 to 25 December 1991.
The Presidential Administration of Russia (also known as Staff of Russia’s president, Presidential Executive Office, in Russian: Администрация Президента Российской Федерации) is the executive office of Russia's president created by a decree of Boris Yeltsin on 19 July 1991 as an institution supporting the activity of the president (then Yeltsin) and vice-president (then Aleksandr Rutskoy, in 1993 the position was abolished) of Russian SFSR (now Russian Federation), as well as deliberative bodies attached to the president, including the Security Council.
The Russian presidential state car is the official state car of the President of Russia.
The Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, led by a chairman, was the de jure leader office of the Russian SFSR between 1938 and 1990.
The Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation (translit), colloquially referred to as the Prime Minister (translit) is the head of the Russian government and the second most powerful figure of the Russian Federation.
The Prosecutor General of Russia (also Attorney General of Russia, Генеральный Прокурор Российской Федерации) heads the system of official prosecution in courts known and heads the Office of the Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation (Генеральная прокуратура Российской Федерации).
Ratification is a principal's approval of an act of its agent that lacked the authority to bind the principal legally.
A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is invited to vote on a particular proposal.
Regulation is an abstract concept of management of complex systems according to a set of rules and trends.
RIA Novosti (РИА Новости), sometimes RIA (РИА) for short, was Russia's international news agency until 2013 and continues to be the name of a state-operated domestic Russian-language news agency.
The right of (legislative) initiative is the constitutionally defined power to propose a new law (bill).
Rossiya Airlines OJSC retrieved 2016-09-19 (АО «Авиакомпания „Россия“», AO Aviakompaniya "Rossiya"), sometimes branded as Rossiya - Russian Airlines («Россия — Российские авиалинии», Rossiya — Rossiyskie avialinii), is a Russian airline headquartered in Saint Petersburg with its hub at Pulkovo Airport.
Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
Vladimir Putin has served three terms and is currently in a fourth as President of Russia (2000–2004, 2004–2008, 2012–2018 and May 2018 to present) and was Acting President from 1999 to 2000, succeeding Boris Yeltsin after Yeltsin's resignation.
The Armed Forces of the Russian Federation (r) are the military service of the Russian Federation, established after the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
The Constitution of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic of 12 April 1978 was formally its supreme law.
Russian (rússkiy yazýk) is an East Slavic language, which is official in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely spoken throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia.
Presidential elections were held in Russia on 18 March 2018.
The 2024 Russian presidential election will take place in March 2024.
Russian presidential elections determine who will serve as the President of Russia for the next six (formerly four from 1996 to 2012 and five from 1991 to 1996) years.
The Russian ruble or rouble (рубль rublʹ, plural: рубли́ rubli; sign: ₽, руб; code: RUB) is the currency of the Russian Federation, the two partially recognized republics of Abkhazia and South Ossetia and the two unrecognized republics of Donetsk and Luhansk.
The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (Russian SFSR or RSFSR; Ru-Российская Советская Федеративная Социалистическая Республика.ogg), also unofficially known as the Russian Federation, Soviet Russia,Declaration of Rights of the laboring and exploited people, article I or Russia (rɐˈsʲijə; from the Ρωσία Rōsía — Rus'), was an independent state from 1917 to 1922, and afterwards the largest, most populous, and most economically developed union republic of the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1991 and then a sovereign part of the Soviet Union with priority of Russian laws over Union-level legislation in 1990 and 1991.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
Saratov (p) is a city and the administrative center of Saratov Oblast, Russia, and a major port on the Volga River located upstream (north) of Volgograd.
The Security Council of the Russian Federation (SCRF; Russian: Совет безопасности Российской Федерации (СБРФ); Sovet bezopasnosti Rossiiyskoiy Federatsii (SBRF)) is a consultative body of the Russian President that works out the President's decisions on national security affairs.
Sochi (a) is a city in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, located on the Black Sea coast near the border between Georgia/Abkhazia and Russia.
The State Council (Государственный Совет) is an advisory body to the Russian head of state, which deals with issues of the highest importance to the state as a whole.
The State Duma (r), commonly abbreviated in Russian as Госду́ма (Gosduma), is the lower house of the Federal Assembly of Russia, while the upper house is the Council of the Federation.
A stream is a body of water with surface water flowing within the bed and banks of a channel.
Strelna (p) is a municipal settlement in Petrodvortsovy District of the federal city of Saint Petersburg, Russia, located about halfway between Saint Petersburg proper and Petergof, and overlooking the shore of the Gulf of Finland.
The Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Armed Forces (Верховный главнокомандующий Вооружёнными силами Российской Федерации) is the overall commanding authority of the Russian Armed Forces, a position vested in the President of the Russian Federation in accordance with Article 87 of the Russian Constitution.
The Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (also translated as the High Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation; Russian: Высший Арбитражный суд Российской Федерации) was the court of final instance in commercial disputes in Russia.
The Supreme Court of the Russian Federation (Russian: Верховный Суд Российской Федерации) is a court within the judiciary of Russia and the court of last resort in Russian administrative law, civil law and criminal law cases.
The Supreme Eurasian Economic Council (Բարձրագույն Եվրասիական տնտեսական խորհուրդը, Вышэйшы Еўразійскі эканамічны савет, Жоғары Еуразиялық экономикалық кеңес, Жогорку Евразия экономикалык кеңеши, Высший Евразийский экономический совет) is the highest supranational body of the Eurasian Economic Union.
The Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR (Верховный Совет РСФСР, Verkhovnıy Sovet RSFSR), later Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation (Верховный Совет Российской Федерации, Verkhovnıy Sovet Rossiyskoi Federatsii) was the supreme government institution of the Russian SFSR in 1938–1990; in 1990–1993 it was a permanent parliament, elected by the Congress of People's Deputies of the Russian Federation). The Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR was established as similar structure as the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in 1938, instead of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee (VTsIK) as the highest organ of power of Russia. In the 1940s, the Supreme Soviet Presidium and the Council of Ministers of the Russian SFSR were located in the former mansion of counts Osterman (str Delegatskaya, 3), which was later in 1991 given to a museum. The sessions were held in Grand Kremlin Palace. In 1981 the Supreme Soviet was moved to a specially constructed building on Krasnopresnenskaya embankment, The House of Soviets. The Supreme Soviet was abolished in October 1993 (after the events of Russia's 1993 constitutional crisis) and replaced by the Federal Assembly of Russia (consists of the Federation Council of Russia and State Duma), whose powers are weaker than Supreme Council ones.
Tantalum is a chemical element with symbol Ta and atomic number 73.
A term limit is a legal restriction that limits the number of terms an officeholder may serve in a particular elected office.
A treaty is an agreement under international law entered into by actors in international law, namely sovereign states and international organizations.
The Tupolev Tu-154 (Tyполев Ту-154; NATO reporting name: "Careless") is a three-engine medium-range narrow-body airliner designed in the mid-1960s and manufactured by Tupolev.
Tver Oblast (Тверска́я о́бласть, Tverskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast).
United Russia ((j)ɪˈdʲinəjə rɐˈsʲijə) is the ruling political party of the Russian Federation.
An upper house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature (or one of three chambers of a tricameral legislature), the other chamber being the lower house.
Valday (Валдай) is the name of several inhabited localities in Russia.
A veto – Latin for "I forbid" – is the power (used by an officer of the state, for example) to unilaterally stop an official action, especially the enactment of legislation.
Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (a; born 7 October 1952) is a Russian statesman and former intelligence officer serving as President of Russia since 2012, previously holding the position from 2000 until 2008.
The Volga (p) is the longest river in Europe.
The Yakovlev Yak-40 (Яковлев Як-40; NATO reporting name: Codling) is a small, three-engined jet airliner.
Yekaterinburg (p), alternatively romanized Ekaterinburg, is the fourth-largest city in Russia and the administrative centre of Sverdlovsk Oblast, located on the Iset River east of the Ural Mountains, in the middle of the Eurasian continent, at the boundary between Asia and Europe.
The Yenisei (Енисе́й, Jeniséj; Енисей мөрөн, Yenisei mörön; Buryat: Горлог мүрэн, Gorlog müren; Tyvan: Улуг-Хем, Uluğ-Hem; Khakas: Ким суг, Kim sug) also Romanised Yenisey, Enisei, Jenisej, is the largest river system flowing to the Arctic Ocean.
Zavidovo (Зави́дово) is a village (selo) in Konakovsky District of Tver Oblast, Russia.
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