96 relations: Air brake (road vehicle), Ammonia, AS/NZS 1200, AS/NZS 3788, ASME, ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Aspect ratio, Autoclave, Bottled gas, BS 4994, Butane, Cabin pressurization, Canada, Capsule (geometry), Carbon fiber reinforced polymer, Chlorine, Composite material, Composite overwrapped pressure vessel, Compressed air, Compressed air energy storage, Compressed natural gas, Copper, Corrosion, CSA Group, Cylinder stress, Demister (vapor), Diving chamber, Diving cylinder, DNV GL, EN 13445, European Union, Factor of safety, Fatigue (material), Fibre-reinforced plastic, Fibre-reinforced plastic tanks and vessels, Filament winding, Fire-tube boiler, Fractional distillation, Fracture, Gas cylinder, Gas holder, Gas laws, Gasket, Germanischer Lloyd, Head (vessel), Helium, Hot water storage tank, Hydraulics, Industrial Revolution, International standard, ..., Japanese Industrial Standards, Kier (industrial), Liquefied petroleum gas, Lloyd's Register, Minimum design metal temperature, Mining, Natural gas storage, Nondestructive testing, Nuclear reactor, Oil refinery, PD 5500, Petrochemical, Pneumatics, Polyethylene terephthalate, Polymer, Popular Science, Pressure, Pressure Equipment Directive (EU), Pressure measurement, Pressure reactor, Pressure sensor, Pressure vessel for human occupancy, Propane, Radiography, Railway air brake, Rainwater harvesting, Relief valve, Safety valve, SAI Global, Scholander pressure bomb, Shell and tube heat exchanger, Spacecraft, Specific strength, Sphere, Standards Australia, Stress (mechanics), Submarine, Tube tool, Ultrasonic testing, Vapor–liquid separator, Vortex breaker, Water potential, Water tank, Water well, Water-tube boiler, Welding. Expand index (46 more) » « Shrink index
An air brake or, more formally, a compressed air brake system, is a type of friction brake for vehicles in which compressed air pressing on a piston is used to apply the pressure to the brake pad needed to stop the vehicle.
Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3.
The AS/NZS 1200 standard is a joint Australian/New Zealand Standard, for the requirements of pressure equipment which aims to promote safety and uniformity throughout Australia and New Zealand.
The AS/NZS 3788 standard is a joint Australian and New Zealand Standard, for the requirements of pressure equipment which aims to promote safety and uniformity throughout Australia and New Zealand.
The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) is a professional association that, in its own words, "promotes the art, science, and practice of multidisciplinary engineering and allied sciences around the globe" via "continuing education, training and professional development, codes and standards, research, conferences and publications, government relations, and other forms of outreach." ASME is thus an engineering society, a standards organization, a research and development organization, a lobbying organization, a provider of training and education, and a nonprofit organization.
The ASME Boiler & Pressure Vessel Code (BPVC) is an American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) standard that regulates the design and construction of boilers and pressure vessels.
The aspect ratio of a geometric shape is the ratio of its sizes in different dimensions.
An autoclave is a pressure chamber used to carry out industrial processes requiring elevated temperature and pressure different from ambient air pressure.
Bottled gas is a term used for substances which are gaseous at standard temperature and pressure (STP) and have been compressed and stored in carbon steel, stainless steel, aluminum, or composite bottles known as gas cylinders.
BS4994 (formally: British Standard 4994:1987) is the "specification for the design and construction of vessels and storage tanks in reinforced plastics".
Butane is an organic compound with the formula C4H10 that is an alkane with four carbon atoms.
Cabin pressurization is a process in which conditioned air is pumped into the cabin of an aircraft or spacecraft, in order to create a safe and comfortable environment for passengers and crew flying at high altitudes.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
A capsule (from Latin capsula, "small box or chest"), or stadium of revolution, is a basic three-dimensional geometric shape consisting of a cylinder with hemispherical ends.
Carbon fiber reinforced polymer, carbon fiber reinforced plastic or carbon fiber reinforced thermoplastic (CFRP, CRP, CFRTP or often simply carbon fiber, carbon composite or even carbon), is an extremely strong and light fiber-reinforced plastic which contains carbon fibers.
Chlorine is a chemical element with symbol Cl and atomic number 17.
A composite material (also called a composition material or shortened to composite, which is the common name) is a material made from two or more constituent materials with significantly different physical or chemical properties that, when combined, produce a material with characteristics different from the individual components.
A composite overwrapped pressure vessel (COPV) is a vessel consisting of a thin, non-structural liner wrapped with a structural fiber composite, designed to hold a fluid under pressure.
Compressed air is air kept under a pressure that is greater than atmospheric pressure.
Compressed air energy storage (CAES) is a way to store energy generated at one time for use at another time using compressed air.
Compressed natural gas (CNG) (methane stored at high pressure) is a fuel which can be used in place of gasoline (petrol), Diesel fuel and propane/LPG.
Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.
Corrosion is a natural process, which converts a refined metal to a more chemically-stable form, such as its oxide, hydroxide, or sulfide.
The CSA Group (formerly the Canadian Standards Association; CSA), is a standards organization which develops standards in 57 areas.
In mechanics, a cylinder stress is a stress distribution with rotational symmetry; that is, which remains unchanged if the stressed object is rotated about some fixed axis.
A demister is a device often fitted to vapor–liquid separator vessels to enhance the removal of liquid droplets entrained in a vapor stream.
A diving chamber is a vessel for human occupation, which may have an entrance that can be sealed to hold an internal pressure significantly higher than ambient pressure, a pressurised gas system to control the internal pressure, and a supply of breathing gas for the occupants.
A diving cylinder, scuba tank or diving tank is a gas cylinder used to store and transport the high pressure breathing gas required by a scuba set.
DNV GL is an international accredited registrar and classification society headquartered in Høvik, Norway.
EN 13445 - Unfired Pressure Vessels is a standard that provides rules for the design, fabrication, and inspection of pressure vessels EN 13445 consists of 8 parts.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
Factors of safety (FoS), is also known as (and used interchangeably with) safety factor (SF), is a term describing the load carrying capacity of a system beyond the expected or actual loads.
In materials science, fatigue is the weakening of a material caused by repeatedly applied loads.
Fibre-reinforced plastic (FRP) (also called fiber-reinforced polymer, or fiber-reinforced plastic) is a composite material made of a polymer matrix reinforced with fibres.
FRP (Fibreglass Reinforced Plastics, also known as GRP, or Glass Reinforced Plastics) is a modern composite material of construction for chemical plant equipment like tanks and vessels.
Filament winding is a fabrication technique mainly used for manufacturing open (cylinders) or closed end structures (pressure vessels or tanks).
A fire-tube boiler is a type of boiler in which hot gases pass from a fire through one or (many) more tubes running through a sealed container of water.
Fractional distillation is the separation of a mixture into its component parts, or fractions.
A fracture is the separation of an object or material into two or more pieces under the action of stress.
A gas cylinder or tank is a pressure vessel used to store gases at above atmospheric pressure.
A gas holder, or gasometer, is a large container in which natural gas or town gas is stored near atmospheric pressure at ambient temperatures.
The gas laws were developed at the end of the 18th century, when scientists began to realize that relationships between pressure, volume and temperature of a sample of gas could be obtained which would hold to approximation for all gases.
gasket A gasket is a mechanical seal which fills the space between two or more mating surfaces, generally to prevent leakage from or into the joined objects while under compression.
The Germanischer Lloyd SE was a classification society based in the city of Hamburg, Germany.
A head is one of the end caps on a cylindrically shaped pressure vessel.
Helium (from lit) is a chemical element with symbol He and atomic number 2.
A hot water storage tank (also called a hot water tank, thermal storage tank, hot water thermal storage unit, heat storage tank and hot water cylinder) is a water tank used for storing hot water for space heating or domestic use.
Hydraulics (from Greek: Υδραυλική) is a technology and applied science using engineering, chemistry, and other sciences involving the mechanical properties and use of liquids.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
International standards are standards developed by international standards organizations.
specifies the standards used for industrial activities in Japan.
A kier or keeve (or similar spellings) is a large circular boiler or vat used in bleaching or scouring cotton fabric.
Liquefied petroleum gas or liquid petroleum gas (LPG or LP gas), also referred to as simply propane or butane, are flammable mixtures of hydrocarbon gases used as fuel in heating appliances, cooking equipment, and vehicles.
Lloyd's Register Group Limited (LR) is a technical and business services organisation and a maritime classification society, wholly owned by the Lloyd’s Register Foundation, a UK charity dedicated to research and education in science and engineering.
MDMT (MDMT) is one of the design conditions for pressure vessels engineering calculations, design and manufacturing according to the ASME Boilers and Pressure Vessels Code.
Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth, usually from an orebody, lode, vein, seam, reef or placer deposit.
Natural gas, like many other commodities, can be stored for an indefinite period of time in natural gas storage facilities for later consumption.
Nondestructive testing or non-destructive testing (NDT) is a wide group of analysis techniques used in science and technology industry to evaluate the properties of a material, component or system without causing damage.
A nuclear reactor, formerly known as an atomic pile, is a device used to initiate and control a self-sustained nuclear chain reaction.
Oil refinery or petroleum refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is transformed and refined into more useful products such as petroleum naphtha, gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base, heating oil, kerosene, liquefied petroleum gas, jet fuel and fuel oils.
PD 5500 "Specification for unfired, fusion welded pressure vessels" is a code of practice that provides rules for the design, fabrication, and inspection of pressure vessels.
Petrochemicals (also known as petroleum distillates) are chemical products derived from petroleum.
Pneumatics (From Greek: πνεύμα) is a branch of engineering that makes use of gas or pressurized air.
Polyethylene terephthalate (sometimes written poly(ethylene terephthalate)), commonly abbreviated PET, PETE, or the obsolete PETP or PET-P, is the most common thermoplastic polymer resin of the polyester family and is used in fibres for clothing, containers for liquids and foods, thermoforming for manufacturing, and in combination with glass fibre for engineering resins.
A polymer (Greek poly-, "many" + -mer, "part") is a large molecule, or macromolecule, composed of many repeated subunits.
Popular Science (also known as PopSci) is an American quarterly magazine carrying popular science content, which refers to articles for the general reader on science and technology subjects.
Pressure (symbol: p or P) is the force applied perpendicular to the surface of an object per unit area over which that force is distributed.
The Pressure Equipment Directive (PED) 2014/68/EU (formerly 97/23/EC) of the EU sets out the standards for the design and fabrication of pressure equipment ("pressure equipment" means steam boilers, pressure vessels, piping, safety valves and other components and assemblies subject to pressure loading) generally over one litre in volume and having a maximum pressure more than 0.5 bar gauge.
Pressure measurement is the analysis of an applied force by a fluid (liquid or gas) on a surface.
A Pressure Reactor, sometimes referred to as a pressure tube, or a sealed tube, is a chemical reaction vessel which can conduct a reaction under pressure.
A pressure sensor is a device for pressure measurement of gases or liquids.
Since 1977, the American Society of Mechanical Engineers PVHO committee has published standards governing the construction of a number of devices which are defined as Pressure Vessels for Human Occupancy.
Propane is a three-carbon alkane with the molecular formula C3H8.
Radiography is an imaging technique using X-rays to view the internal form of an object.
A railway air brake is a railway brake power braking system with compressed air as the operating medium.
Rainwater harvesting is the accumulation and storage of rainwater for reuse on-site, rather than allowing it to run off.
A relief valve or pressure relief valve (PRV) is a type of safety valve used to control or limit the pressure in a system; pressure might otherwise build up and create a process upset, instrument or equipment failure, or fire.
A safety valve is a valve that acts as a fail-safe.
SAI Global is a risk management, standards compliance and information business.
A pressure bomb or pressure chamber or Scholander bomb is an instrument that can measure the approximate water potential of plant tissues.
A shell and tube heat exchanger is a class of heat exchanger designs.
A spacecraft is a vehicle or machine designed to fly in outer space.
The specific strength is a material's strength (force per unit area at failure) divided by its density.
A sphere (from Greek σφαῖρα — sphaira, "globe, ball") is a perfectly round geometrical object in three-dimensional space that is the surface of a completely round ball (viz., analogous to the circular objects in two dimensions, where a "circle" circumscribes its "disk").
Standards Australia is a standards organisation established in 1922 and is recognised through a Memorandum of Understanding with the Australian government as the peak non-government standards development body in Australia.
In continuum mechanics, stress is a physical quantity that expresses the internal forces that neighboring particles of a continuous material exert on each other, while strain is the measure of the deformation of the material.
A submarine (or simply sub) is a watercraft capable of independent operation underwater.
Tube tools are tools used to service any tubing (material) in industrial applications including, but not limited to: HVAC or industrial heating and air (hospitals and universities, for example), OEM's(Original equipment manufacturer), defense contractors, the automotive industry, process industries, aluminum smelting facilities, food and sugar production plants, oil refineries, and power plants.
Ultrasonic testing (UT) is a family of non-destructive testing techniques based on the propagation of ultrasonic waves in the object or material tested.
A vapor–liquid separator is a device used in several industrial applications to separate a vapor–liquid mixture.
A vortex breaker is a device used in engineering to stop the formation of a vortex when a fluid (liquid or gas) is drained from a vessel such as a tank or vapor-liquid separator.
Water potential is the potential energy of water per unit volume relative to pure water in reference conditions.
A water tank is a container for storing water.
A water well is an excavation or structure created in the ground by digging, driving, boring, or drilling to access groundwater in underground aquifers.
A high pressure watertube boiler (also spelled water-tube and water tube) is a type of boiler in which water circulates in tubes heated externally by the fire.
Welding is a fabrication or sculptural process that joins materials, usually metals or thermoplastics, by causing fusion, which is distinct from lower temperature metal-joining techniques such as brazing and soldering, which do not melt the base metal.
Air receiver, Airtight chamber, Boiler overpressure, Bullet (pressure vessel), Chemical vessel, Main reservoir (locomotive), Overpressure (engineering), Pneumatic chamber, Pneumatic vessel, Pressure chamber, Pressure chambers, Pressure equipment, Pressure tank, Pressure vessels.