143 relations: Adrienne Clarkson, Advice (constitutional), Airbus CC-150 Polaris, Alexander Mackenzie (politician), Andrew Coyne, Arthur Meighen, At Her Majesty's pleasure, Augmentation of honour, Bombardier Challenger 600 series, Brian Mulroney, Cabinet of Canada, Calgary, Canada, Canada Elections Act, Canadian Armed Forces, Canadian Confederation, Canadian dollar, Canadian federal election, 1925, Canadian federal election, 2015, Canadian federalism, Canadian Heraldic Authority, Canton (heraldry), Carleton University, Caucus revolt, Centre Block, Charles Tupper, Chief (heraldry), Coalition government, Coat of arms, Confidence and supply, Conservative Party of Canada, Constitution Act, 1982, Constitution of Canada, Constitutional convention (political custom), Constitutional monarchy, Crown corporations of Canada, David Johnston, Department of Canadian Heritage, Deputy Prime Minister of Canada, Donald J. Savoie, Electoral district (Canada), Excellency, Executive (government), Gatineau Park, George VI, Goods and services tax (Canada), Government of Canada, Governor General of Canada, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Harrington Lake, ..., Head of government, Head of state, Historical rankings of Prime Ministers of Canada, Hopewell Hill, New Brunswick, House of Commons of Canada, House of Lords, Interim leader, Ipsos-Reid, Jean Chrétien, Jeffrey Simpson, Joe Clark, John A. Macdonald, John Abbott, John Diefenbaker, John Gomery, John Sparrow David Thompson, John Turner, Justin Trudeau, Kim Campbell, King-in-Council, King–Byng affair, Knight, Lester B. Pearson, Letters Patent, 1947, Liberal Party of Canada, Lieutenant governor (Canada), List of Ambassadors and High Commissioners of Canada, List of books about Prime Ministers of Canada, List of Canadian federal general elections, List of political parties in Canada, List of Prime Ministers of Canada, List of Prime Ministers of Canada by longevity, List of Prime Ministers of Canada by time in office, List of prime ministers of Edward VII, List of prime ministers of Edward VIII, List of prime ministers of Elizabeth II, List of prime ministers of George V, List of prime ministers of George VI, List of prime ministers of Queen Victoria, Louis St. Laurent, Mackenzie Bowell, Maclean's, Majority government, McGill University, Mickleham, Surrey, Minister of the Crown, Ministry (government department), Monarchy of Canada, Mr. President (title), New Brunswick, Office of the Prime Minister (Canada), Office of the Prime Minister and Privy Council, Official Opposition (Canada), Official residence, Opposition (parliamentary), Parliament Hill, Parliament of Canada, Paul Martin, Peerage, Pierre Trudeau, Plurality (voting), Post-nominal letters, Premier (Canada), Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Prime Ministers of Canada in popular culture, Quebec, Queen Victoria, Queen's Privy Council for Canada, Queen's University, Question Period, R. B. Bennett, Representative of the Government in the Senate, Responsible government, Rideau Cottage, Robert Borden, Royal Canadian Air Force VIP aircraft, Royal Canadian Mounted Police, Royal Canadian Mounted Police Protective Policing, Royal prerogative, Safe seat, Senate of Canada, Spouse of the Prime Minister of Canada, State funerals in Canada, Style (manner of address), Supreme Court of Canada, The Right Honourable, Westminster system, Wilfrid Laurier, William Lyon Mackenzie King, Windsor Castle, World War I, Writ of election, 24 Sussex Drive. Expand index (93 more) » « Shrink index
Adrienne Louise Clarkson (née Poy, February 10, 1939) is a Hong Kong-born Canadian journalist and stateswoman who served as Governor General of Canada, the 26th since Canadian Confederation.
Advice, in constitutional law, is formal, usually binding, instruction given by one constitutional officer of state to another.
The Airbus CC-150 Polaris is the designation for the civilian Airbus A310-300s which have been converted for use as the primary long distance transport aircraft and mid-air refueler for the Royal Canadian Air Force.
Alexander Mackenzie (January 28, 1822April 17, 1892), was a Scottish-Canadian politician who served as the second Prime Minister of Canada, in office from 1873 to 1878.
James Andrew Coyne (born December 23, 1960) is a Canadian columnist with the National Post and a member of the At Issue panel on CBC's The National.
Arthur Meighen (16 June 1874 – 5 August 1960) was a Canadian lawyer and politician who served as the ninth Prime Minister of Canada, in office from July 1920 to December 1921 and again from June to September 1926.
At Her Majesty's pleasure (sometimes abbreviated to Queen's pleasure or, when appropriate, at His Majesty's pleasure or King's pleasure) is a legal term of art referring to the indeterminate or undetermined length of service of certain appointed officials or the indeterminate sentences of some prisoners.
In heraldry, an augmentation (often termed augmentation of honour or sometimes augmentation of arms) is a modification or addition to a coat of arms, typically given by a monarch as either a mere mark of favour, or a reward or recognition for some meritorious act.
The Bombardier Challenger 600 series is a family of business jets.
Martin Brian Mulroney (born March 20, 1939) is a Canadian politician who served as the 18th Prime Minister of Canada from September 17, 1984, to June 25, 1993.
The Cabinet of Canada (Cabinet du Canada) is a body of ministers of the Crown that, along with the Canadian monarch, and within the tenets of the Westminster system, forms the government of Canada.
Calgary is a city in the Canadian province of Alberta.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
The Canada Elections Act (the Act) (full title: "An Act respecting the election of members to the House of Commons, repealing other Acts relating to elections and making consequential amendments to other Acts") is an Act of the Parliament of Canada which regulates the election of members of parliament to the House of Commons of Canada.
The Canadian Armed Forces (CAF; Forces armées canadiennes, FAC), or Canadian Forces (CF) (Forces canadiennes, FC), are the unified armed forces of Canada, as constituted by the National Defence Act, which states: "The Canadian Forces are the armed forces of Her Majesty raised by Canada and consist of one Service called the Canadian Armed Forces." This unified institution consists of sea, land, and air elements referred to as the Royal Canadian Navy (RCN), Canadian Army, and Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF).
Canadian Confederation (Confédération canadienne) was the process by which the British colonies of Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick were united into one Dominion of Canada on July 1, 1867.
The Canadian dollar (symbol: $; code: CAD; dollar canadien) is the currency of Canada.
The Canadian federal election of 1925 was held on October 29 to elect members of the House of Commons of Canada of the 15th Parliament of Canada.
The 2015 Canadian federal election (formally the 42nd Canadian general election) was held on October 19, 2015, to elect members to the House of Commons of the 42nd Canadian Parliament.
Canadian federalism involves the current nature and historical development of federal systems in Canada.
The Canadian Heraldic Authority (CHA; L'Autorité héraldique du Canada) is part of the Canadian honours system under the Canadian monarch, whose authority is exercised by the Governor General of Canada.
In heraldry, a canton is a charge placed upon a shield.
Carleton University is a comprehensive university located in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
A Caucus Revolt occurs when enough members of a political party pressure its leadership to step down or to remove planned bills\legislation\policies from its platform.
The Centre Block (in French: Édifice du Centre) is the main building of the Canadian parliamentary complex on Parliament Hill, in Ottawa, Ontario, containing the House of Commons and Senate chambers, as well as the offices of a number of members of parliament, senators, and senior administration for both legislative houses.
Sir Charles Tupper, 1st Baronet, (July 2, 1821 – October 30, 1915) was a Canadian father of Confederation: as the Premier of Nova Scotia from 1864 to 1867, he led Nova Scotia into Confederation.
In heraldic blazon, a chief is a charge on a coat of arms that takes the form of a band running horizontally across the top edge of the shield.
A coalition government is a cabinet of a parliamentary government in which many or multiple political parties cooperate, reducing the dominance of any one party within that "coalition".
A coat of arms is a heraldic visual design on an escutcheon (i.e., shield), surcoat, or tabard.
In a parliamentary democracy based on the Westminster system, confidence and supply are required for a minority government to retain power in the lower house.
The Conservative Party of Canada (Parti conservateur du Canada), colloquially known as the Tories, is a political party in Canada.
The Constitution Act, 1982 (Schedule B of the Parliament of the United Kingdom's Canada Act 1982) is a part of the Constitution of Canada.
The Constitution of Canada is the supreme law in Canada; the country's constitution is an amalgamation of codified acts and uncodified traditions and conventions.
A constitutional convention is an informal and uncodified procedural agreement that is followed by the institutions of a state.
A constitutional monarchy is a form of monarchy in which the sovereign exercises authority in accordance with a written or unwritten constitution.
Canadian Crown corporations are state-owned enterprises owned by the Sovereign of Canada (i.e. the Crown).
David Lloyd Johnston (born June 28, 1941) is a Canadian academic, author, and statesman who served as Governor General of Canada from 2010 to 2017, the 28th since Canadian Confederation.
The Department of Canadian Heritage, or simply Canadian Heritage (Patrimoine canadien), is the department of the Government of Canada with responsibility for policies and programs regarding the arts, culture, media, communications networks, official languages, status of women, sports, and multiculturalism.
The Deputy Prime Minister of Canada (Vice-premier ministre du Canada) is an honorary position in the Cabinet, conferred at the discretion of the prime minister.
Donald J. Savoie, is a Canadian university professor and expert in public administration and regional economic development.
An electoral district in Canada, also known as a "constituency" or a "riding", is a geographical constituency upon which Canada's representative democracy is based.
Excellency is an honorific style given to certain high-level officers of a sovereign state, officials of an international organization, or members of an aristocracy.
The executive is the organ exercising authority in and holding responsibility for the governance of a state.
Gatineau Park (Parc de la Gatineau) is located in the Outaouais region of Quebec, Canada.
George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George; 14 December 1895 – 6 February 1952) was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth from 11 December 1936 until his death in 1952.
The Goods and Services Tax (GST) (taxe sur les produits et services, TPS) is a multi-level value added tax introduced in Canada on January 1, 1991, by then-Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and his finance minister Michael Wilson.
The Government of Canada (Gouvernement du Canada), formally Her Majesty's Government (Gouvernement de Sa Majesté), is the federal administration of Canada.
The Governor General of Canada (Gouverneure générale du Canada) is the federal viceregal representative of the.
Halifax, officially known as the Halifax Regional Municipality (HRM), is the capital of the Canadian province of Nova Scotia.
Harrington Lake (La résidence du lac Mousseau) is the name of the summer residence and all-season retreat of the Prime Minister of Canada, and also the name of the land which surrounds it.
A head of government (or chief of government) is a generic term used for either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, (commonly referred to as countries, nations or nation-states) who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments.
A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona that officially represents the national unity and legitimacy of a sovereign state.
Historical rankings of Canadian prime ministers are surveys conducted in order to construct rankings of the success of individuals who have served as Prime Minister of Canada.
Hopewell Hill is a Canadian rural community in Albert County, New Brunswick.
The House of Commons of Canada (Chambre des communes du Canada) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the Senate.
The House of Lords of the United Kingdom, also known as the House of Peers, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
An interim leader, in Canadian politics, is a party leader appointed by the party's legislative caucus or the party's executive to temporarily act as leader when a gap occurs between the resignation or death of a party leader and the election of a formal successor.
Ipsos Reid was the name of a research company based in Canada and still exists under the name Ipsos as the Canadian arm of the global Ipsos Group.
Joseph Jacques Jean Chrétien (born January 11, 1934), known commonly as Jean Chrétien, is a Canadian politician who served as the 20th Prime Minister of Canada from November 4, 1993, to December 12, 2003.
Jeffrey Carl Simpson, OC (born February 17, 1949), is a Canadian journalist.
Charles Joseph "Joe" Clark, (born June 5, 1939) is a Canadian elder statesman, businessman, writer, and politician who served as the 16th Prime Minister of Canada, from June 4, 1979 to March 3, 1980.
Sir John Alexander Macdonald (11 January 1815 – 6 June 1891) was the first Prime Minister of Canada (1867–1873, 1878–1891).
Sir John Joseph Caldwell Abbott, (March 12, 1821 – October 30, 1893), was a Canadian lawyer and politician, who served as the third Prime Minister of Canada, in office from 1891 to 1892.
John George Diefenbaker (September 18, 1895 – August 16, 1979) was the 13th Prime Minister of Canada, serving from June 21, 1957 to April 22, 1963.
John H. Gomery (born August 9, 1932) is a Canadian retired jurist.
Sir John Sparrow David Thompson (November 10, 1845 – December 12, 1894) was a Canadian lawyer, judge, and politician who served as the fourth Prime Minister of Canada, in office from 1892 until his death.
John Napier Wyndham Turner (born June 7, 1929) is a Canadian lawyer and politician who served as the 17th Prime Minister of Canada, in office from June 30 to September 17, 1984.
Justin Pierre James Trudeau (born December 25, 1971) is a Canadian politician serving as the 23rd and current Prime Minister of Canada since 2015 and Leader of the Liberal Party since 2013.
Avril Phaedra Douglas "Kim" Campbell (born March 10, 1947) is a Canadian politician, diplomat, lawyer and writer who served as the 19th Prime Minister of Canada, from June 25, 1993, to November 4, 1993.
The King-in-Council or Queen-in-Council, depending on the gender of the reigning monarch, is a constitutional term in a number of states.
The King–Byng affair was a Canadian constitutional crisis that occurred in 1926, when the Governor General of Canada, the Lord Byng of Vimy, refused a request by his prime minister, William Lyon Mackenzie King, to dissolve parliament and call a general election.
A knight is a person granted an honorary title of knighthood by a monarch, bishop or other political leader for service to the monarch or a Christian Church, especially in a military capacity.
Lester Bowles "Mike" Pearson (23 April 1897 – 27 December 1972) was a Canadian scholar, statesman, soldier, prime minister, and diplomat, who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1957 for organizing the United Nations Emergency Force to resolve the Suez Canal Crisis.
The Letters Patent, 1947 (more formally, the Letters Patent Constituting the Office of Governor General and Commander-in-Chief of Canada) are a legal instrument introduced by King George VI, which came into effect on 1 October 1947 and continue to, along with parts of the Constitution Act, 1867, constitute the Office of the Governor General.
The Liberal Party of Canada (Parti libéral du Canada), colloquially known as the Grits, is the oldest federal political party in Canada.
In Canada, a lieutenant governor (French: lieutenant-gouverneur, or: lieutenant-gouverneure) is the viceregal representative in a provincial jurisdiction of the.
This is a list of ambassadors, high commissioners and consuls-general from Canada to other countries and entities.
The following is a list of books written by many authors about the Prime Ministers of Canada.
This article provides a summary of results for the general (all seats contested) elections to the House of Commons, the elected lower half of Canada's federal bicameral legislative body, the Parliament of Canada.
This article lists political parties in Canada.
The Prime Minister of Canada is an official who serves as the primary minister of the Crown, chair of the Cabinet, and thus head of government of Canada.
This is a list of Prime Ministers of Canada by longevity.
Prime ministers of Canada do not have a fixed term of office; instead, they may stay in office as long as their government is supported by parliament under a system of responsible government.
King Edward VII was the monarch of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of the British Empire from 22 January 1901 until his death on 6 May 1910.
King Edward VIII was the King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions and colonies of the British Commonwealth, Emperor of India, from 20 January to 11 December 1936, when he abdicated the throne.
Since succeeding her father on 6 February 1952, Queen Elizabeth II has been head of state of 32 different independent states; currently, there are 16 states, called Commonwealth realms.
King George V was the monarch of the United Kingdom and the British Empire and its successor from 6 May 1910 until his death on 20 January 1936.
King George VI was the monarch of the United Kingdom, and the British Empire from 11 December 1936 until his death on 6 February 1952.
Queen Victoria was the monarch of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of the British Empire from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901.
Louis Stephen St.
Sir Mackenzie Bowell (December 27, 1823 – December 10, 1917) was a Canadian newspaper publisher and politician, who served as the fifth Prime Minister of Canada, in office from 1894 to 1896.
Maclean's is a Canadian news magazine that was founded in 1905, reporting on Canadian issues such as politics, pop culture, and current events.
A majority government is a government formed by a governing party that has an absolute majority of seats in the legislature or parliament in a parliamentary system.
McGill University is a public research university in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
Mickleham is a village and civil parish between the towns of Dorking and Leatherhead in Surrey, England covering.
Minister of the Crown is a formal constitutional term used in Commonwealth realms to describe a minister to the reigning sovereign or their viceroy.
A ministry is a governmental organisation, headed by a minister, that is meant to manage a specific sector of public administration.
The monarchy of Canada is at the core of both Canada's federal structure and Westminster-style of parliamentary and constitutional democracy.
The title "Mr.
New Brunswick (Nouveau-Brunswick; Canadian French pronunciation) is one of three Maritime provinces on the east coast of Canada.
In Canada, the Office of the Prime Minister (more commonly referred to as the Prime Minister's Office and abbreviated as PMO), located in the Office of the Prime Minister and Privy Council building, facing Parliament Hill, in Ottawa, is one of the most powerful parts of the government.
The Office of the Prime Minister and Privy Council (Bureau du Premier ministre et du Conseil privé) building, formerly known as the Langevin Block (Édifice Langevin), is an office building facing Parliament Hill in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
In Canada, Her Majesty's Loyal Opposition (L'Opposition Loyale de Sa Majesté) is usually the largest parliamentary opposition party in the House of Commons or a provincial legislative assembly that is not in government, either on its own or as part of a governing coalition.
An official residence is the residence at which a nation's head of state, head of government, governor or other senior figure officially resides.
Parliamentary opposition is a form of political opposition to a designated government, particularly in a Westminster-based parliamentary system.
Parliament Hill (Colline du Parlement), colloquially known as The Hill, is an area of Crown land on the southern banks of the Ottawa River in downtown Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
The Parliament of Canada (Parlement du Canada) is the federal legislature of Canada, seated at Parliament Hill in Ottawa, the national capital.
Paul Edgar Philippe Martin (born August 28, 1938), also known as Paul Martin Jr., is a Canadian politician who served as the 21st Prime Minister of Canada from December 12, 2003, to February 6, 2006.
A peerage is a legal system historically comprising hereditary titles in various countries, comprising various noble ranks.
Joseph Philippe Pierre Yves Elliott Trudeau (October 18, 1919 – September 28, 2000), often referred to by the initials PET, was a Canadian statesman who served as the 15th Prime Minister of Canada (1968–1979 and 1980–1984).
A plurality vote (in North America) or relative majority (in the United Kingdom) describes the circumstance when a candidate or proposition polls more votes than any other, but does not receive a majority.
Post-nominal letters, also called post-nominal initials, post-nominal titles or designatory letters, are letters placed after a person's name to indicate that that individual holds a position, academic degree, accreditation, office, military decoration, or honour, or is a member of a religious institute or fraternity.
In Canada, a premier is the head of government of a province or territory.
The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of the United Kingdom government.
There have been numerous depictions of Prime Ministers of Canada in popular culture.
Quebec (Québec)According to the Canadian government, Québec (with the acute accent) is the official name in French and Quebec (without the accent) is the province's official name in English; the name is.
Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death.
The Queen's Privy Council for Canada (QPC) (Conseil privé de la Reine pour le Canada (CPR)), sometimes called Her Majesty's Privy Council for Canada or simply the Privy Council, is the full group of personal consultants to the monarch of Canada on state and constitutional affairs.
Queen's University at Kingston (commonly shortened to Queen's University or Queen's) is a public research university in Kingston, Ontario, Canada.
Leader of the Opposition Andrew Scheer rises to question Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, 2017. Question Period (période des questions), known officially as Oral Questions (questions orales) occurs each sitting day in the House of Commons of Canada.
Richard Bedford Bennett, 1st Viscount Bennett, (3 July 1870 – 26 June 1947), was a Canadian politician who served as the 11th Prime Minister of Canada, in office from 1930 to 1935.
The Representative of the Government in the Senate (Représentant du gouvernement au Sénat) is the independent member of the Senate of Canada who chiefly is responsible for introducing, promoting, and defending the government's bills in the Senate after they are passed by the House of Commons of Canada.
Responsible government is a conception of a system of government that embodies the principle of parliamentary accountability, the foundation of the Westminster system of parliamentary democracy.
Rideau Cottage is a historic residential building located on the grounds of Rideau Hall in Ottawa, Ontario.
Sir Robert Laird Borden, (June 26, 1854 – June 10, 1937) was a Canadian lawyer and politician who served as the eighth Prime Minister of Canada, in office from 1911 to 1920.
The Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) maintains specialised aircraft to transport Canada's monarch, governor general, other members of the Royal Family, prime minister, other senior members of the Government of Canada, and other dignitaries.
The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP; Gendarmerie royale du Canada (GRC), "Royal Gendarmerie of Canada"; colloquially known as The Mounties, and internally as "the Force") is the federal and national police force of Canada.
The Protective Policing Service is provided by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.
The royal prerogative is a body of customary authority, privilege, and immunity, recognized in common law and, sometimes, in civil law jurisdictions possessing a monarchy, as belonging to the sovereign and which have become widely vested in the government.
A safe seat is an electoral district (constituency) in a legislative body (e.g. Congress, Parliament, City Council) which is regarded as fully secure, for either a certain political party, or the incumbent representative personally or a combination of both.
The Senate of Canada (Sénat du Canada) is the upper house of the Parliament of Canada, along with the House of Commons and the Monarch (represented by the Governor General).
The Spouse of the Prime Minister of Canada is the wife or husband of the Prime Minister of Canada.
State funerals in Canada are public events held to commemorate former governors general, prime ministers, members of the Cabinet who died in office, and, at the Cabinet's discretion, other eminent Canadians.
A style of office or honorific is an official or legally recognized title.
The Supreme Court of Canada (Cour suprême du Canada) is the highest court of Canada, the final court of appeals in the Canadian justice system.
The Right Honourable (The Rt Hon. or Rt Hon.) is an honorific style traditionally applied to certain persons and to certain collective bodies in the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, India, some other Commonwealth realms, the Anglophone Caribbean, Mauritius, and occasionally elsewhere.
The Westminster system is a parliamentary system of government developed in the United Kingdom.
Sir Henri Charles Wilfrid Laurier (20 November 1841 – 17 February 1919), known as Wilfrid Laurier, was the seventh Prime Minister of Canada, in office from 11 July 1896 to 6 October 1911.
William Lyon Mackenzie King (December 17, 1874 – July 22, 1950), also commonly known as Mackenzie King, was the dominant Canadian political leader from the 1920s through the 1940s.
Windsor Castle is a royal residence at Windsor in the English county of Berkshire.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
A writ of election is a writ issued ordering the holding of an election.
24 Sussex Drive, originally called Gorffwysfa and usually referred to simply as 24 Sussex, is the official residence of the Prime Minister of Canada, located in the New Edinburgh neighbourhood of Ottawa, Ontario.
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