75 relations: Ado Birk, Andres Tarand, Andrus Ansip, Andrus Ansip's second cabinet, Andrus Ansip's third cabinet, Ants Piip, Arnold Rüütel, Coat of arms of Estonia, Constitution of Estonia, Edgar Savisaar, Era of Silence, Estonia, Estonian Centre Party, Estonian Coalition Party, Estonian Constituent Assembly election, 1919, Estonian government-in-exile, Estonian Labour Party, Estonian language, Estonian National Independence Party, Estonian parliamentary election, 1932, Estonian parliamentary election, 1938, Estonian parliamentary election, 1992, Estonian parliamentary election, 1995, Estonian parliamentary election, 1999, Estonian parliamentary election, 2003, Estonian parliamentary election, 2007, Estonian parliamentary election, 2011, Estonian parliamentary election, 2015, Estonian Provincial Assembly election, 1917, Estonian Provisional Government, Estonian Reform Party, Estonian Social Democratic Workers' Party, Estonian Supreme Soviet election, 1990, German occupation of the Baltic states during World War II, Head of government, Head of State of Estonia, Jaan Tõnisson, Jüri Ratas, Jüri Ratas' cabinet, Jüri Uluots, Juhan Parts, Kaarel Eenpalu, Kersti Kaljulaid, Konstantin Päts, Lennart Meri, List of Chairmen of the Supreme Soviet of the Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic, List of heads of government of Estonia, Mart Laar, Mart Siimann, Occupation of the Baltic states, ..., Otto Strandman, Otto Tief, Parliamentary system, People's Party of Republicans and Conservatives, People's Union of Estonia, Popular Front of Estonia, President of Estonia, President-Regent, Presidential system, Pro Patria (Estonian political party), Pro Patria National Coalition Party, Pro Patria Union, Res Publica Party, Riigikogu, Russian Empire, Siim Kallas, Social Democratic Party (Estonia), Soviet occupation of the Baltic states (1940), Soviet occupation of the Baltic states (1944), Stenbock House, Taavi Rõivas, Taavi Rõivas' first cabinet, Taavi Rõivas' second cabinet, Tiit Vähi, Toomas Hendrik Ilves. Expand index (25 more) » « Shrink index
Ado Birk (also known as Aadu Birk, Aado Birk or Avdei Birk; – 2 February 1942), was an Estonian politician who was the Estonian Prime Minister for three days, from 28 July 1920 to 30 July 1920.
Andres Tarand (born 11 January 1940) is an Estonian politician who served as the Prime Minister of Estonia from 1994 to 1995.
Andrus Ansip (born 1 October 1956) is an Estonian politician, the current European Commissioner for Digital Single Market and Vice President of the European Commission, in office since 2014.
The Andrus Ansip's second cabinet was the Cabinet of Estonia between 5 April 2007 and 6 April 2011.
The Andrus Ansip's third cabinet was the Cabinet of Estonia between 6 April 2011 and 26 March 2014.
Ants Piip VR III/1 (in Tuhalaane – 1 October 1942 in Nyrobsky camp) was an Estonian lawyer, diplomat and politician.
Arnold Rüütel OIH (born 10 May 1928) served as the last Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Estonian SSR from April 8, 1983, to March 29, 1990, Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Estonian SSR (from May 8, 1990: Supreme Council of the Republic of Estonia) from March 29, 1990, to October 6, 1992, and was the third President of Estonia from October 8, 2001, to October 9, 2006.
The current coat of arms of Estonia is a golden shield which includes a picture of three blue lions with red tongues in the middle, with golden oak branches placed on both sides of the shield.
The Constitution of Estonia is the fundamental law of the Republic of Estonia and establishes the state order as that of a democratic republic where the supreme power is vested in its citizens.
Edgar Savisaar (born 31 May 1950) is an Estonian politician, one of the founding members of Popular Front of Estonia and the Centre Party.
The Era of Silence (vaikiv ajastu) was the period between 1934 and 1938 or 1940 in Estonian history.
Estonia (Eesti), officially the Republic of Estonia (Eesti Vabariik), is a sovereign state in Northern Europe.
The Estonian Centre Party (Eesti Keskerakond) is a centrist, social-liberal, and populist political party in Estonia.
Estonian Coalition Party (Eesti Koonderakond) was an Estonian centre-right liberal political party.
The Estonian Constituent Assembly (Asutav kogu) was elected on 5–7 April 1919, called by the Estonian Provisional Government during the Estonian War of Independence.
The Estonian government-in-exile refers to the formally declared governmental authority of the Republic of Estonia in exile, existing from 1944 until the reestablishment of Estonian sovereignty over Estonian territory in 1991–92.
The Estonian Labour Party (Eesti Tööerakond, ETE) was a political party in Estonia.
Estonian (eesti keel) is the official language of Estonia, spoken natively by about 1.1 million people: 922,000 people in Estonia and 160,000 outside Estonia.
The Estonian National Independence Party (Estonian: Eesti Rahvusliku Sõltumatuse Partei), commonly abbreviated ERSP, was a nationalist political party founded on 20 August 1988 in what was then the Estonian SSR.
Parliamentary elections were held in Estonia between 21 and 23 May 1932.
Parliamentary elections were held in Estonia on 24 and 25 February 1938.
Parliamentary elections were held in Estonia alongside presidential elections on 20 September 1992,Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p57 the first after regaining independence from the Soviet Union.
Parliamentary elections were held in Estonia on 5 March 1995.
Parliamentary elections were held in Estonia on 7 March 1999.
Parliamentary elections were held in Estonia on 2 March 2003.
Parliamentary elections were held in Estonia on 4 March 2007.
A parliamentary election was held in Estonia on 6 March 2011, with e-voting between 24 February and 2 March 2011.
Parliamentary elections were held in Estonia on 1 March 2015.
The Estonian Provincial Assembly (Maapäev) was elected after the February Revolution in 1917 as the national diet of the Autonomous Governorate of Estonia in Russian Empire.
The Estonian Provisional Government (Eesti Ajutine Valitsus) was formed on February 24, 1918, by the Salvation Committee appointed by Maapäev, the Estonian Province Assembly.
The Estonian Reform Party (Eesti Reformierakond) is a liberal political party in Estonia.
The Estonian Social Democratic Workers' Party (Eesti Sotsiaaldemokraatiline Tööliste Partei) was a political party in Estonia between 1917 and 1925.
Elections to the Supreme Soviet were held in the Estonian SSR on 18 March 1990,Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p574 the first free parliamentary election in Estonia since 1932.
The occupation of the Baltic states by Nazi Germany occurred during Operation Barbarossa from 1941 to 1944.
A head of government (or chief of government) is a generic term used for either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, (commonly referred to as countries, nations or nation-states) who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments.
The Head of State of Estonia or State Elder (Riigivanem) (a literal translation: Elder of State) was the official title of the Estonian head of state from 1920 to 1937.
Jaan Tõnisson (near Tänassilma – 1941?, in Tallinn?) was an Estonian statesman, serving as the Prime Minister of Estonia twice during 1919 to 1920, as State Elder (head of state and government) from 1927 to 1928 and in 1933, and as Foreign Minister of Estonia from 1931 to 1932.
Jüri Ratas (born 2 July 1978, in Tallinn) is an Estonian politician who is the current leader of the Centre Party and the Prime Minister of Estonia.
Jüri Ratas' cabinet is the incumbent cabinet of Estonia, in office since 23 November 2016.
Jüri Uluots (13 January 1890 – 9 January 1945) was an Estonian prime minister, journalist, prominent attorney and distinguished Professor and Dean of the Faculty of Law at the University of Tartu.
Juhan Parts (born 27 August 1966) is an Estonian politician who was Prime Minister of Estonia from 2003 to 2005 and Minister of Economic Affairs and Communications from 2007 to 2014. Juhan Parts is a member of the Union of Pro Patria and Res Publica party.
Kaarel Eenpalu (until 1935 named Karl August Einbund) (in Paju talu, Vesneri Parish, Tartu County, Estonia, Russian Empire – 27/28 January 1942, Kirov Oblast, Russia, USSR) was an Estonian journalist, politician and head of state.
Kersti Kaljulaid (born 30 December 1969) is an Estonian politician who is the fifth and current President of Estonia, in office since 10 October 2016.
Konstantin Päts (– 18 January 1956) was the most influential politician of interwar Estonia, and served five times as the country's head of state.
Lennart Georg Meri (29 March 1929 – 14 March 2006) was an Estonian statesman, writer, and film director.
The Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic was the presiding officer of that assembly.
This is a list of people, who have been heads of government of the Republic of Estonia from 1918, either as a Chairman of the Council of Elders (1918), Prime Minister (1918-1920; 1934-1940 and from 1990), State Elder (1920–1934) or President-Regent (1937–1938).
Mart Laar (born 22 April 1960) is an Estonian politician and historian.
Mart Siimann (born 21 September 1946) was the Prime Minister of Estonia from 1997 to 1999, representing the liberal/centrist Estonian Coalition Party.
The occupation of the Baltic states involved the military occupation of the three Baltic states—Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania—by the Soviet Union under the auspices of the 1939 Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact in June 1940 followed by their incorporation into the USSR as constituent republics in August 1940 - most Western powers never recognised this incorporation.
Otto August Strandman (– 5 February 1941) was an Estonian politician, who served as Prime Minister (1919) and State Elder of Estonia (1929–1931).
Otto Tief (– 5 March 1976) was an Estonian politician, military commander (during the Estonian War of Independence), and a lawyer.
A parliamentary system is a system of democratic governance of a state where the executive branch derives its democratic legitimacy from its ability to command the confidence of the legislative branch, typically a parliament, and is also held accountable to that parliament.
People's Party of Republicans and Conservatives (Vabariiklaste ja Konservatiivide Rahvaerakond) was an Estonian political party, which existed under this banner from 1994 to 1998.
The People's Union of Estonia (Eestimaa Rahvaliit) was a political party in Estonia, its last leader being Margo Miljand.
The Popular Front of Estonia (Rahvarinne), introduced to the public by the Estonian politician Edgar Savisaar under the short-lived name Popular Front for the Support of Perestroika, was a political organisation in Estonia in the late 1980s and early 1990s.
The President of the Republic of Estonia (Eesti Vabariigi President) is the head of state of the Republic of Estonia.
Riigihoidja (officially translated as President-Regent) was the name of the office of the head of state and head of government of Estonia from 3 September 1937 to 24 April 1938.
A presidential system is a democratic and republican system of government where a head of government leads an executive branch that is separate from the legislative branch.
Pro Patria (Isamaa) is a conservative political party in Estonia.
Pro Patria National Coalition (Rahvuslik Koonderakond Isamaa - RKEI) was an Estonian political party founded in 1992.
The Pro Patria Union (Isamaaliit, meaning literally Fatherland Union) was a national conservative political party in Estonia.
Res Publica Party (Erakond Res Publica) was a political party in Estonia that self-identified as conservative and therefore member of the International Democrat Union, but considering its vague platform for 2003 election, the genuineness of this ideology is disputed.
The Riigikogu (from riigi-, of the state, and kogu, assembly) is the unicameral parliament of Estonia.
The Russian Empire (Российская Империя) or Russia was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.
Siim Kallas (born 2 October 1948 in Tallinn) is an Estonian politician, who most recently served as European Commissioner for Transport between 2010 and 2014.
The Social Democratic Party (Sotsiaaldemokraatlik Erakond, SDE) is a social-democratic political party in Estonia, currently led by Jevgeni Ossinovski.
The Soviet occupation of the Baltic states covers the period from the Soviet–Baltic mutual assistance pacts in 1939, to their invasion and annexation in 1940, to the mass deportations of 1941.
The Soviet Union occupied most of the territory of the Baltic states in its 1944 Baltic Offensive during World War II.
Stenbock House (Stenbocki maja) is a prominent neo-classical building located on Toompea hill, Tallinn.
Taavi Rõivas (born 26 September 1979) is an Estonian politician, former leader of the Reform Party and former Prime Minister of Estonia.
Taavi Rõivas' first cabinet was the cabinet of Estonia from to.
Taavi Rõivas' second cabinet was the cabinet of Estonia, in office from 9 April 2015 to 23 November 2016.
Tiit Vähi (born 10 January 1947) is an Estonian politician who was Prime Minister of Estonia from 1995 to 1997.
Toomas Hendrik Ilves (born 26 December 1953) is an Estonian politician who served as the fourth President of Estonia from 2006 until 2016.