166 relations: Abdolfattah Soltani, Abdollah Momeni, Abdulhadi al-Khawaja, Abduljalil al-Singace, Abdullah al-Hamid, Abdulwahab Hussain, Alex Chow, Alexei Navalny, Ali Abd Jalil, Ali al-Abdallah, Ali Anouzla, Ali Mohammed Baqir al-Nimr, Alisher Karamatov, Amnesty International, Anar Bayramli, Anton Suryapin, Anwar Ibrahim, Arif Yunus, Arzhang Davoodi, Asghar Khan, Ashraf Fayadh, Aster Fissehatsion, Azam Farmonov, Azerbaijan, Azimzhan Askarov, Bahman Ahmadi Amouee, Bahrain, Bahrain Thirteen, Belarus, Binayak Sen, Cambodia, Cù Huy Hà Vũ, Censorship in Tunisia, Chen Wei (dissident), China, Dawit Isaak, Dhondup Wangchen, Ebrima Manneh, Eduard Lobau, Eric Baker (activist), Eritrea, Eskinder Nega, Ethiopia, Faisal Saleh, Fela Kuti, Gao Zhisheng, Ghoncheh Ghavami, Guo Feixiong, Guo Xiaojun, Habibollah Latifi, ..., Haile Woldense, Hamad al-Naqi, Hamza Kashgari, Hasan Mushaima, Heshmat Tabarzadi, Hong Kong, Hossein Ronaghi, Human rights in Azerbaijan, Ibrahim Sharif, Ilgar Mammadov, India, Iran, Irom Chanu Sharmila, Iryna Khalip, Isa Saharkhiz, Israel, Jafar Panahi, Jila Baniyaghoob, Joshua Wong, Khaled al-Johani, Kouhyar Goudarzi, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Le Cong Dinh, Leopoldo López, Leyla Yunus, Mahdi Abu Deeb, Mahmoud Ahmed Sherifo, Majid Tavakoli, Malaysia, Mansour Osanlou, Mao Hengfeng, Mauritania, Mazen Darwish, Mikhail Kosenko, Mikhlif Alshammari, Mikola Statkevich, Mohamed Cheikh Ould Mkhaitir, Mohammad Ali Taheri, Mohammad Fahad al-Qahtani, Mohammad Seddigh Kaboudvand, Mohammad Seifzadeh, Mohammed Saleh al-Bejadi, Mordechai Vanunu, Morocco, Mourning Mothers, Myanmar, Nabeel Rajab, Narges Mohammadi, Nathan Law, Nelson Mandela, Nguyễn Đan Quế, Nguyễn Văn Hải, Nigeria, Nikolay Kavkazsky, Nonviolence, North Korea, Pakistan, Paval Sieviaryniec, Persecution of Falun Gong, Peter Benenson, Petros Solomon, Phan Thanh Hải, Phyoe Phyoe Aung, Political prisoner, Quakers, Race (human categorization), Raif Badawi, Ramin Bayramov, Rashad Hasanov, Rashadat Akhundov, Reza Shahabi, Riad Seif, Rivonia Trial, Russia, Saifullah Paracha, Saleh al-Ashwan, Salijon Abdurahmanov, Saud al-Hashimi, Saudi Arabia, Sayed Ziaoddin Nabavi, Sexual orientation, Shi Tao (journalist), Shibal Ibrahim, Shin Suk-ja, Somyot Prueksakasemsuk, Soni Sori, Sudan, Syria, Tạ Phong Tần, Thadeus Nguyễn Văn Lý, Thailand, The Forgotten Prisoners, The Gambia, The Observer, Trần Huỳnh Duy Thức, Trial of Ghazi Beji and Jabeur Mejri, Tunisia, UAE Five, Ukraine, Uladzimir Nyaklyayew, United Arab Emirates, United States, Usamah Mohamad, Uyghurs in Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Uzeyir Mammadli, Venezuela, Vi Đức Hồi, Vidadi Isgandarov, Vietnam, Waleed Abulkhair, Yaroslav Belousov, Yorm Bopha, Zaur Gurbanli, Zeynab Jalalian. Expand index (116 more) » « Shrink index
Abdolfattah Soltani (عبدالفتاح سلطانی; born 2 November 1953) is an Iranian human rights lawyer and spokesman for the Defenders of Human Rights Center.
Abdollah Momeni is an Iranian student leader and pro-democracy activist.
Abdulhadi Abdulla Hubail al-Khawaja (عبد الهادي عبد الله حبيل الخواجة) is a Bahraini-Danish human rights activist.
Abduljalil Abdulla al-Singace (عبدالجليل عبدالله السنكيس) (52-year-old) is a Bahraini engineer, blogger, and human rights activist.
Abdullah Hamid Ali al-Hamid (عبد الله حامد علي الحامد) or "Abu Bilal" is a Saudi poet, former Arabic professor, human rights activist and a co-founder of the Saudi Civil and Political Rights Association (ACPRA).
Abdulwahab Hussain Ali Ahmed Esmael (عبدالوهاب حسين علي أحمد إسماعيل) is a Bahraini political activist,.
Alex Chow Yong-kang (born 1990) is a social activist in Hong Kong, a former student of the Faculty of Arts of the University of Hong Kong and former secretary-general of the Hong Kong Federation of Students.
Alexei Anatolievich Navalny (Алексе́й Анато́льевич Нава́льный,; born June 4, 1976) is a Russian lawyer and political activist.
Ali bin Abd Jalil (born 8 April 1985) is a Malaysian student activist.
Ali al-Abdallah is a Syrian writer and human rights activist.
Ali Anouzla (علي أنوزلا; born in Agadir, Morocco) is a Moroccan Sahrawi independent journalist, known for his critical articles of King Mohammed VI's rule.
Ali Mohammed Baqir al-Nimr (علي محمد باقر النمر) is a Saudi Arabian political prisoner who as a teenager participated in the Saudi Arabian protests during the Arab Spring.
Alisher Karamatov is a currently-imprisoned Uzbekistani rural development activist.
Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is a London-based non-governmental organization focused on human rights.
Anar Bayramli (born c. 1981) is an Azerbaijani journalist for Iran's Fars News Agency and Sahar television station.
Anton Suryapin (born c. 1992) is a Belarusian photojournalist.
Dato' Seri Anwar bin Ibrahim (Jawi: انور إبراهيم; born 10 August 1947) is a Malaysian politician who is currently the Leader of the Pakatan Harapan coalition.
Arif Yunus (born 12 January 1955) is an Azerbaijani author, historian, and human rights activist.
Arzhang Davoodi (born c. 1952) is an Iranian democracy activist, teacher, and author.
Mohammad Asghar Khan (اصغر خان 17 January 1921 – 5 January 2018), was a Pakistani politician and an autobiographer, later a dissident serving for the cause of pacifism, peace, and the human rights.
Ashraf Fayadh (اشرف فياض, born 1980 in Saudi Arabia) is an artist and poet of Palestinian origin.
Aster Fissehatsion (also known as Astier Fesehazion) (born 1951) is an Eritrean politician and an Amnesty International prisoner of conscience.
Azam Farmonov is a currently-imprisoned Uzbekistani rural development activist.
Azimzhan Askarov (Azimjon Asqarov, Азимжон Асқаров; born 1951) is an ethnically Uzbek Kyrgyzstani political activist who founded the group Vozduh in 2002 to investigate police brutality.
Bahman Ahmadi Amouee (born c. 1967) is an Iranian journalist.
Bahrain (البحرين), officially the Kingdom of Bahrain (مملكة البحرين), is an Arab constitutional monarchy in the Persian Gulf.
The Bahrain Thirteen are thirteen Bahraini opposition leaders, rights activists, bloggers and Shia clerics arrested between 17 March and 9 April 2011 in connection with their role in the national uprising.
Belarus (Беларусь, Biełaruś,; Беларусь, Belarus'), officially the Republic of Belarus (Рэспубліка Беларусь; Республика Беларусь), formerly known by its Russian name Byelorussia or Belorussia (Белоруссия, Byelorussiya), is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe bordered by Russia to the northeast, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest.
Binayak Sen (बिनायक सेन, বিনায়ক সেন) is an Indian paediatrician, public health specialist and activist.
Cambodia (កម្ពុជា, or Kampuchea:, Cambodge), officially known as the Kingdom of Cambodia (ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា, prĕəh riəciənaacak kampuciə,; Royaume du Cambodge), is a sovereign state located in the southern portion of the Indochina peninsula in Southeast Asia.
Cù Huy Hà Vũ is a Vietnamese legal scholar.
Censorship in Tunisia has been an issue since the country gained independence in 1956.
Chen Wei (born 21 February 1969) is a Chinese dissident and human rights activist.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Dawit Isaak (born 28 October 1964) is a Swedish-Eritrean playwright, journalist and writer, who has been held in prison in Eritrea since 2001 without trial and is considered a traitor by the Eritrean government.
Dhondup Wangchen (born 17 October 1974) is a Tibetan filmmaker imprisoned by the Chinese government in 2008 on charges related to his documentary Leaving Fear Behind.
Ebrima Manneh is a Gambian journalist believed by human rights organizations to have been arrested in July 2006 and secretly held in custody since then.
Eduard Lobau (born 1 December 1988 in Vilnius) is a Belarusian activist with the nation's democracy movement, specifically the group Young Front.
Eric Baker (22 September 1920 – 11 July 1976) was a British activist and one of the founders of the human rights group Amnesty International, and the second general secretary of the organization.
Eritrea (ኤርትራ), officially the State of Eritrea, is a country in the Horn of Africa, with its capital at Asmara.
Eskinder Nega (Ge'ez: እስክንድር ነጋ, born c. 1968) is an Ethiopian journalist and blogger who has been jailed seven times by the Ethiopian government on convictions for treason and terrorism.
Ethiopia (ኢትዮጵያ), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ, yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī Rīpebilīk), is a country located in the Horn of Africa.
Faisal Mohamed Saleh is a Sudanese journalist and columnist for several national papers.
Fela Anikulapo Kuti (15 October 1938 – 2 August 1997), also professionally known as Fela Kuti, or simply Fela, was a Nigerian multi-instrumentalist, musician, composer, pioneer of the Afrobeat music genre, human rights activist, and political maverick.
Gao Zhisheng (born 20 April 1964) is a Chinese human rights attorney and dissident known for defending activists and religious minorities and documenting human rights abuses in China.
Ghoncheh Ghavami (born 1989) also spelled as Goncheh Ghavami (غنچه قوامی) is a British-Iranian law graduate of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London who was held in solitary confinement in Evin Prison for protesting for equal access to sporting events in Iran.
Guo Feixiong (born 2 August 1966) is the pen name of Yang Maodong (杨茂东), a Chinese human rights lawyer from Guangdong province who is often identified with the Weiquan movement.
Guo Xiaojun（郭小军）is a Chinese university lecturer and practitioner of Falun Gong who has twice been imprisoned by the government of the People's Republic of China on charges of "using a heretical organization to subvert the law".
Habibollah Latifi (حبیب الله لطیفی) is a Kurdish Iranian law student at Azad University and a Kurdish activist who has been charged with Moharebeh ("waging war against God") and sentenced to death by an Islamic Revolutionary Court in Iran.
Haile Woldense or Woldetensae (ሃይለ ወልደትንሳኤ) is an Eritrean politician.
Hamad al-Naqi (born c. 1986) (حمد النقي) is a Kuwaiti activist and blogger who in June 2012 was sentenced to ten years' imprisonment for charges pertaining to provoking sectarian tensions and blasphemous tweets against the prophet Mohammed.
Hamza Kashgari Mohamad Najeeb (often Hamza Kashgari, حمزة كاشغري; born 1989) is a Saudi poet and a former columnist for the Saudi daily newspaper Al-Bilad.
Hasan Mushaima (حسن مشيمع) is an opposition leader in Bahrain and the secretary-general of the Haq Movement, an important opposition party in Bahrain.
Heshmatollah Tabarzadi (حشمتالله طبرزدی; born March 21, 1959) is an Iranian democratic activist.
Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
Hossein Ronaghi-Maleki is an Iranian blogger and political dissident who was imprisoned in 2009 for his role in the post-election riots that erupted in Iran.
Azerbaijan has ratified 15 International Human Rights Treaties out of 18.
Ibrahim Sharif al-Sayed (ابراهيم شريف السيد) is an opposition political activist in Bahrain, currently serving as the General Secretary of the secular socialist National Democratic Action Society (Wa'ad).
Ilgar Mammadov (İlqar Məmmədov.) (born June 14, 1970) is an opposition politician in Azerbaijan, and one of the leaders of the Republican Alternative Movement.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).
Irom Chanu Sharmila (born 14 March 1972), also known as the "Iron Lady" or "Mengoubi" ("the fair one") is a civil rights activist, political activist, and poet from the Indian state of Manipur.
Iryna Khalip (or Irina Khalip; Iрына Халiп, Ирина Халип) (born November 12, 1967) is a Belarusian journalist, reporter and editor in the Minsk bureau of Novaya Gazeta, known for her criticism of Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko.
Isa Saharkhiz (عیسی سحرخیز. ‘Isâ Saharkhyz; born 1953), is an Iranian journalist, political figure, and former head of the press department at the Iranian Ministry of Culture and Education during former President Khatami's administration.
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
Jafar Panahi (جعفر پناهی; born 11 July 1960) is an Iranian film director, screenwriter, and film editor, commonly identified with the Iranian New Wave film movement.
Jila Baniyaghoob (or Zhīlā Banī Yaʻqūb, Persian: ژيلا بنى يعقوب; born 21 August 1970) is an Iranian journalist and women's rights activist.
Joshua Wong Chi-fung (born 13 October 1996) is a Hong Kong student activist and politician who serves as secretary-general of pro-democracy party Demosistō.
Khaled al-Johani (also al-Jehani, Arabic: خالد الجهني, born) is a teacher of religious instruction in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Kouhyar Goudarzi (کوهیار گودرزی) is an Iranian human rights activist, journalist and blogger who was imprisoned several times by the government of Iran.
Kuwait (الكويت, or), officially the State of Kuwait (دولة الكويت), is a country in Western Asia.
The Kyrgyz Republic (Kyrgyz Respublikasy; r; Қирғиз Республикаси.), or simply Kyrgyzstan, and also known as Kirghizia (Kyrgyzstan; r), is a sovereign state in Central Asia.
Lê Công Định (chữ Hán:; born October 1, 1968) is a Vietnamese lawyer who sat on the defence of many high-profile human rights cases in Vietnam.
Leopoldo Eduardo López Mendoza (born 29 April 1971) is a Venezuelan politician currently under house arrest.
Leyla Islam qizi Yunusova (née Valiyeva; born 21 December 1955 in Baku), better known as Leyla Yunus, is an Azerbaijani human rights activist who serves as the director of Institute of Peace and Democracy, a human rights organisation.
Mahdi Isa Mahdi Abu Deeb (مهدي عيسى مهدي أبو ديب) (born 30 December 1962) is the founder and leader of Bahrain Teachers' Association (BTA), and Assistant Secretary-General of Arab Teachers' Union.
Mahmoud Ahmed Sherifo (born 1948), commonly known simply as Sherifo, served briefly as the Head of State of Eritrea while the President was away.
Majid Tavakoli (مجید توکلی.; born 1986, Shiraz, Iran) is a prominent Iranian student leader, human rights activist and political prisoner.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.
Mansour Osanloo (Osaloo) is a leading trade union activist in Iran, where he has been imprisoned several times from 2005 to 2008.
Mao Hengfeng (simplified Chinese: 毛恒凤; Traditional Chinese: 毛恆風; pinyin: Máo Héngfēng; born 9 December 1961) is a women's rights and human rights activist in the People's Republic of China.
Mauritania (موريتانيا; Gànnaar; Soninke: Murutaane; Pulaar: Moritani; Mauritanie), officially the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, is a country in the Maghreb region of Northwestern Africa.
Mazen Darwish (مازن درويش) is a Syrian lawyer and free speech advocate.
Mikhail Aleksandrovich Kosenko (Михаил Александрович Косенко; born 8 July 1975) is a Russian activist who is a defendant in the Bolotnaya Square case.
Mikhlif Alshammari (born 21 February 1955 in Baq'a, Hail city, Saudi Arabia) is a human rights defender.
Mikola (Mikalai) Statkevich (Мікола Віктаравіч Статкевіч, Николай Викторович Статкевич, born 12 August 1956) is a Belarusian politician and presidential candidate at the 2010 election.
Mohamed Cheikh Ould Mkhaitir (Arabic: محمد الشيخ ولد امخيطير) is a Mauritanian blogger and political prisoner.
Mohammad Ali Taheri (Persian: محمد علی طاهری) is an Iranian researcher on alternative medicine.
Mohammad Fahad Muflih al-Qahtani (محمد فهد مفلح القحطاني, born 1965 or 1966) is an economics professor and co-founder of the Saudi Arabian human rights organisation Saudi Civil and Political Rights Association (ACPRA) and, during 2011, its leader.
Mohammad Sadiq Kaboudvand (موحەممەد سەدیق کەبودوەند) is an Iranian Kurdish activist and journalist.
Mohammad Seifzadeh (سید محمد سیف زاده - born 1948) is an Iranian lawyer, a former judge, human rights activist and a cofounder of Centre for the Defence of Human Rights in Iran.
Mohammed Saleh al-Bejadi (or Muhammad, Salih, al-Bajadi, albjadi) is a co-founder of the Saudi Arabian human rights organisation Saudi Civil and Political Rights Association (ACPRA) who has campaigned for prisoners' rights since 2007.
Mordechai Vanunu (מרדכי ואנונו; born 14 October 1954), also known as John Crossman, is an Israeli former nuclear technician and peace activist who, citing his opposition to weapons of mass destruction, revealed details of Israel's nuclear weapons program to the British press in 1986.
Morocco (officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco, is a unitary sovereign state located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is one of the native homelands of the indigenous Berber people. Geographically, Morocco is characterised by a rugged mountainous interior, large tracts of desert and a lengthy coastline along the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Morocco has a population of over 33.8 million and an area of. Its capital is Rabat, and the largest city is Casablanca. Other major cities include Marrakesh, Tangier, Salé, Fes, Meknes and Oujda. A historically prominent regional power, Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbours. Since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by Idris I in 788 AD, the country has been ruled by a series of independent dynasties, reaching its zenith under the Almoravid dynasty and Almohad dynasty, spanning parts of Iberia and northwestern Africa. The Marinid and Saadi dynasties continued the struggle against foreign domination, and Morocco remained the only North African country to avoid Ottoman occupation. The Alaouite dynasty, the current ruling dynasty, seized power in 1631. In 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier, and regained its independence in 1956. Moroccan culture is a blend of Berber, Arab, West African and European influences. Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara, formerly Spanish Sahara, as its Southern Provinces. After Spain agreed to decolonise the territory to Morocco and Mauritania in 1975, a guerrilla war arose with local forces. Mauritania relinquished its claim in 1979, and the war lasted until a cease-fire in 1991. Morocco currently occupies two thirds of the territory, and peace processes have thus far failed to break the political deadlock. Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors. The king can issue decrees called dahirs, which have the force of law. He can also dissolve the parliament after consulting the Prime Minister and the president of the constitutional court. Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, and the official languages are Arabic and Berber, with Berber being the native language of Morocco before the Arab conquest in the 600s AD. The Moroccan dialect of Arabic, referred to as Darija, and French are also widely spoken. Morocco is a member of the Arab League, the Union for the Mediterranean and the African Union. It has the fifth largest economy of Africa.
The Mourning Mothers (also known as the Mothers of Laleh Park) are a group of Iranian women whose spouses or children were killed by government agents in the protests following the disputed Iranian presidential election of 2009.
Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia.
Nabeel Ahmed Abdulrasool Rajab (نبيل أحمد عبدالرسول رجب, born on 1 September 1964) is a Bahraini human rights activist and opposition leader.
Narges Mohammadi (born 21 April 1972) is an Iranian human rights activist and the vice president of the Defenders of Human Rights Center, headed by Nobel Peace Prize laureate Shirin Ebadi.
Nathan Law Kwun-chung (born 13 July 1993) is a politician and activist in Hong Kong.
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (18 July 1918 – 5 December 2013) was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, political leader, and philanthropist, who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999.
Nguyen Dan Que, M.D. (Nguyễn Đan Quế; born April 1942) is a Vietnamese endocrinologist and pro-democracy activist in Saigon.
Nguyễn Văn Hải (born c. 1952; also known as Nguyen Hoang Hai), better known by his pen name Điếu Cày, is a Vietnamese blogger who has been prosecuted by the government of Vietnam for tax evasion and "disseminating anti-state information and materials".
Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north.
Nikolay Kavkazsky (born October 16, 1986) is a Russian political and LGBT activist, a lawyer, a member of numerous human rights organizations, a blogger and currently a political prisoner.
Nonviolence is the personal practice of being harmless to self and others under every condition.
North Korea (Chosŏn'gŭl:조선; Hanja:朝鮮; Chosŏn), officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (abbreviated as DPRK, PRK, DPR Korea, or Korea DPR), is a country in East Asia constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula.
Pakistan (پاکِستان), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان), is a country in South Asia.
Paviel Sieviaryniec (Павел Севярынец, born December 30, 1976) is a Belarusian Journalist and Christian democratic politician and youth leader and one of the founders of the Young Front.
The persecution of Falun Gong refers to the campaign initiated in 1999 by the Chinese Communist Party to eliminate the spiritual practice of Falun Gong in China.
Peter Benenson (31 July 1921 – 25 February 2005) was a British lawyer and the founder of human rights group Amnesty International (AI).
Petros Solomon (born 1951; also known as Wed'Solomon, Son of Solomon) is an Eritrean politician.
Phan Thanh Hải (born c. 1969) is a Vietnamese dissident blogger.
Phyo Phyo Aung (ဖြိုးဖြိုးအောင်; born 1988) is a student activist and former political prisoner from Burma (Myanmar).
A political prisoner is someone imprisoned because they have opposed or criticized the government responsible for their imprisonment.
Quakers (or Friends) are members of a historically Christian group of religious movements formally known as the Religious Society of Friends or Friends Church.
A race is a grouping of humans based on shared physical or social qualities into categories generally viewed as distinct by society.
Raif Badawi (رائف بدوي, also transcribed Raef Badawi; born 13 January 1984) is a Saudi writer, dissident and activist, as well as the creator of the website Free Saudi Liberals.
Ramin Bayramov is an Azerbaijani journalist for the website www.islamazeri.az Radio Free Europe described him in 2011 as a "prominent Islamic activist".
Rashad Hasanov (Rəşad Həsənov., born on May 2, 1985, Lankaran) is a youth activist and ex-board member of N!DA Civic Movement from September 2012 to September 2013.
Rashadat Akhundov (Rəşadət Axundov., born on August 7, 1984, Beylagan) is a youth activist and co-founder of N!DA Civic Movement.
Reza Shahabi (رضا شهابی, also known as Reza Shahabi Zakaria) is an Iranian trade unionist who has been imprisoned on political charges since June 2010.
Riad Seif (رياض سيف; born 25 November 1946) is a Syrian political dissident and prominent businessman who founded and led the Forum for National Dialogue.
The Rivonia Trial took place in South Africa between 9 October 1963 and 12 June 1964.
Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
Saifullah Paracha is a citizen of Pakistan currently held in the United States Guantanamo Bay detainment camps, in Cuba.
Saleh al-Ashwan is a member of the Saudi Civil and Political Rights Association, an organization that has advocated for the release of political prisoners and greater respect for human rights in Saudi Arabia and that was banned in March 2013.
Salijon Abdurahmanov (born 28 May 1950 in Nukus, Uzbekistan) is an Uzbek journalist who contributed to Radio Free Europe, Voice of America and uznews.net.
Saud al-Hashimi (سعود الهاشمي, born c. 1963) is a Saudi Arabian human rights activist.
Saudi Arabia, officially the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), is a sovereign Arab state in Western Asia constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula.
Sayed Ziaoddin Nabavi (born 21 December 1983; also known as Zia Nabavi) is an Iranian student activist.
Sexual orientation is an enduring pattern of romantic or sexual attraction (or a combination of these) to persons of the opposite sex or gender, the same sex or gender, or to both sexes or more than one gender.
Shi Tao (born July 25, 1968) is a mainland Chinese journalist, writer and poet, who in 2005 was sentenced to imprisonment for 10 years for releasing a document of the Communist Party to an overseas Chinese democracy site.
Shibal Ibrahim (شبال إبراهيم) (born c. 1977) is an activist for Kurdish rights in Qamishly, Syria.
Shin Suk-ja (also spelled Shin Sook-ja; born 1942) is a South Korean woman who is currently imprisoned, along with her daughters, in North Korea after her husband Oh Kil-nam defected from North Korea to Denmark, having been given a political asylum.
Somyot Prueksakasemsuk (สมยศ พฤกษาเกษมสุข) is a Thai activist and magazine editor who in 2013 was sentenced to eleven years' imprisonment for lese majeste against King Bhumibol Adulyadej.
Soni Sori (born c. 1975) is an Adivasi school teacher turned political leader of Aam Aadmi Party in Sameli village of Dantewada in south Bastar, Chhattisgarh, India.
The Sudan or Sudan (السودان as-Sūdān) also known as North Sudan since South Sudan's independence and officially the Republic of the Sudan (جمهورية السودان Jumhūriyyat as-Sūdān), is a country in Northeast Africa.
Syria (سوريا), officially known as the Syrian Arab Republic (الجمهورية العربية السورية), is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest.
Tạ Phong Tần (born 1968 in Vĩnh Lợi District, Bạc Liêu Province) is a Vietnamese dissident blogger.
Father Thadeus Nguyễn Văn Lý (born 15 May 1946) is a Vietnamese Roman Catholic priest and dissident involved in many pro-democracy movements, for which he was imprisoned for a total of almost 15 years.
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.
"The Forgotten Prisoners" is an article by Peter Benenson published in The Observer on 28 May 1961.
The Observer is a British newspaper published on Sundays.
Trần Huỳnh Duy Thức (born 29 November 1966) is a Vietnamese engineer, entrepreneur and human rights activist.
Ghazi Beji and Jabeur Mejri are Tunisian citizens sentenced on 28 March 2012 to 7.5 years' imprisonment for "transgressing morality, defamation and disrupting public order" after posting naked caricatures of Muhammad to Facebook.
Tunisia (تونس; Berber: Tunes, ⵜⵓⵏⴻⵙ; Tunisie), officially the Republic of Tunisia, (الجمهورية التونسية) is a sovereign state in Northwest Africa, covering. Its northernmost point, Cape Angela, is the northernmost point on the African continent. It is bordered by Algeria to the west and southwest, Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east. Tunisia's population was estimated to be just under 11.93 million in 2016. Tunisia's name is derived from its capital city, Tunis, which is located on its northeast coast. Geographically, Tunisia contains the eastern end of the Atlas Mountains, and the northern reaches of the Sahara desert. Much of the rest of the country's land is fertile soil. Its of coastline include the African conjunction of the western and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Basin and, by means of the Sicilian Strait and Sardinian Channel, feature the African mainland's second and third nearest points to Europe after Gibraltar. Tunisia is a unitary semi-presidential representative democratic republic. It is considered to be the only full democracy in the Arab World. It has a high human development index. It has an association agreement with the European Union; is a member of La Francophonie, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Arab Maghreb Union, the Arab League, the OIC, the Greater Arab Free Trade Area, the Community of Sahel-Saharan States, the African Union, the Non-Aligned Movement, the Group of 77; and has obtained the status of major non-NATO ally of the United States. In addition, Tunisia is also a member state of the United Nations and a state party to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. Close relations with Europe in particular with France and with Italy have been forged through economic cooperation, privatisation and industrial modernization. In ancient times, Tunisia was primarily inhabited by Berbers. Phoenician immigration began in the 12th century BC; these immigrants founded Carthage. A major mercantile power and a military rival of the Roman Republic, Carthage was defeated by the Romans in 146 BC. The Romans, who would occupy Tunisia for most of the next eight hundred years, introduced Christianity and left architectural legacies like the El Djem amphitheater. After several attempts starting in 647, the Muslims conquered the whole of Tunisia by 697, followed by the Ottoman Empire between 1534 and 1574. The Ottomans held sway for over three hundred years. The French colonization of Tunisia occurred in 1881. Tunisia gained independence with Habib Bourguiba and declared the Tunisian Republic in 1957. In 2011, the Tunisian Revolution resulted in the overthrow of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, followed by parliamentary elections. The country voted for parliament again on 26 October 2014, and for President on 23 November 2014.
The UAE Five are five Emirati activists who were imprisoned from April to November 2011 on charges of insulting President Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Vice President Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, and Abu Dhabi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan of the United Arab Emirates.
Ukraine (Ukrayina), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast; Belarus to the northwest; Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.
Uladzimir Prakopavich Nyaklyayew (Уладзі́мір Прако́павіч Някля́еў, Łacinka: Uładzimir Prakopavič Niaklajeŭ; Vladimir Prokofyevich Neklyayev) born on July 11, 1946 in Smarhon’) is a Belarusian poet and writer, and a head of the public campaign Tell the Truth! ("Гавары праўду!"). He was a candidate for Dec 19 2010 elections in Belarus, and, according to Amnesty International, was placed under house arrest for his role in post-election protests.
The United Arab Emirates (UAE; دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة), sometimes simply called the Emirates (الإمارات), is a federal absolute monarchy sovereign state in Western Asia at the southeast end of the Arabian Peninsula on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman to the east and Saudi Arabia to the south, as well as sharing maritime borders with Qatar to the west and Iran to the north.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
Usamah Mohamad (born c. 1980) is a Sudanese web developer, blogger, and citizen journalist from Omdurman arrested during the protests of June 2012.
Uyghurs in Kazakhstan are a Turkic ethnic group who primarily practice Islam.
Uzbekistan, officially also the Republic of Uzbekistan (Oʻzbekiston Respublikasi), is a doubly landlocked Central Asian Sovereign state.
Uzeyir Mammadli (Üzeyir Məmmədli., born on August 26, 1987, Barda) is a youth activist and co-founder of N!DA Civic Movement.
Venezuela, officially denominated Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (República Bolivariana de Venezuela),Previously, the official name was Estado de Venezuela (1830–1856), República de Venezuela (1856–1864), Estados Unidos de Venezuela (1864–1953), and again República de Venezuela (1953–1999).
Vi Đức Hồi (born c. 1957) is an ethnically Tay Vietnamese democracy activist and former Communist Party official of Lạng Sơn Province.
Vidadi Isgandarov is an Azerbaijani human rights activist and politician.
Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia.
Waleed Sami Abulkhair (وليد أبوالخير) is a Saudi Arabian lawyer and human rights activist, and the head of the "Monitor of Human Rights in Saudi Arabia" (MHRSA) organization.
Yaroslav Gennadievich Belousov (born July 30, 1991) is a Russian political-science student who was a participant in the May 6, 2012, Bolotnaya Square protest against President Vladimir Putin and who has been imprisoned since June 9, 2012, as a result of his participation in the protest.
Yorm Bopha (born c. 1983) is a Cambodian land rights activist noted for her opposition to development around Boeung Kak lake.
Zaur Gurbanli (Zaur Qurbanlı., born on January 12, 1987, Baku) - is a youth activist, co-founder and ex-board member of N!DA Civic Movement from February 2011 to December 12, 2012, projects coordinator and ex-Senior official for the arrested members` rights in 2013.
Zeynab Jalalian (Zeynep Celaliyan, زينب جلاليان.; born 1982 in Maku), is a Kurdish Iranian, often described as a political activist.