67 relations: Addiction, Alcoholics Anonymous, American Gaming Association, American Journal of Psychiatry, American Psychiatric Association, Anxiety disorder, Australian National University, Betting exchange, Biological Psychiatry (journal), Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, Cocaine, Cognitive behavioral therapy, Cognitive distortion, Comorbidity, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Dopamine, DSM-5, Empathy, Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, False positives and false negatives, Fixed odds betting terminal, Food and Drug Administration, Fraud, Functional magnetic resonance imaging, Gambler's fallacy, Gambler's Lament, Gamblers Anonymous, Gambling, Gambling Commission, GamCare, Gaming law, Harvard Medical School, Illusion of control, Impulse control disorder, Kleptomania, Lithium (medication), Massachusetts General Hospital, Mood disorder, Nalmefene, Narcissism, National Council on Problem Gambling (Singapore), National Council on Problem Gambling (United States), National Gambling Impact Study Commission Act, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Neuron (journal), Norepinephrine, North American gambling treatment centers, Ontario, Ontario Lottery and Gaming Corporation, Paroxetine, ..., Personality disorder, Problem Gambling Foundation of New Zealand, Reinforcement, Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, Self-medication, Serotonin, Southern Cross University, Spread betting, Substance abuse, Suicidal ideation, Suicide, The Alfred Hospital, The Fifth Estate (TV series), The Walt Disney Company, Twelve-step program, University of Maryland Medical Center, University of Missouri. Expand index (17 more) » « Shrink index
Addiction is a brain disorder characterized by compulsive engagement in rewarding stimuli despite adverse consequences.
Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) is an international mutual aid fellowship whose stated purpose is to enable its members to "stay sober and help other alcoholics achieve sobriety." It was founded in 1935 by Bill Wilson and Dr. Bob Smith in Akron, Ohio.
The American Gaming Association (AGA) is a United States gaming industry association.
The American Journal of Psychiatry is a monthly peer-reviewed medical journal covering all aspects of psychiatry and the official journal of the American Psychiatric Association.
The American Psychiatric Association (APA) is the main professional organization of psychiatrists and trainee psychiatrists in the United States, and the largest psychiatric organization in the world.
Anxiety disorders are a group of mental disorders characterized by significant feelings of anxiety and fear.
The Australian National University (ANU) is a national research university located in Canberra, the capital of Australia.
A betting exchange is a marketplace for customers to bet on the outcome of discrete events.
Biological Psychiatry is a biweekly, peer-reviewed, scientific journal of psychiatric neuroscience and therapeutics, published by Elsevier since 1985 on behalf of the Society of Biological Psychiatry, of which it is the official journal.
The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (Société Radio-Canada), branded as CBC/Radio-Canada, is a Canadian federal Crown corporation that serves as the national public broadcaster for both radio and television.
Cocaine, also known as coke, is a strong stimulant mostly used as a recreational drug.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a psycho-social intervention that is the most widely used evidence-based practice aimed at improving mental health.
A cognitive distortion is an exaggerated or irrational thought pattern involved in the onset and perpetuation of psychopathological states, especially those more influenced by psychosocial factors, such as depression and anxiety.
In medicine, comorbidity is the presence of one or more additional diseases or disorders co-occurring with (that is, concomitant or concurrent with) a primary disease or disorder; in the countable sense of the term, a comorbidity (plural comorbidities) is each additional disorder or disease.
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) and offers a common language and standard criteria for the classification of mental disorders.
Dopamine (DA, a contraction of 3,4-dihydroxyphenethylamine) is an organic chemical of the catecholamine and phenethylamine families that plays several important roles in the brain and body.
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) is the 2013 update to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, the taxonomic and diagnostic tool published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA).
Empathy is the capacity to understand or feel what another person is experiencing from within their frame of reference, i.e., the capacity to place oneself in another's position.
Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published by the American Psychological Association.
In medical testing, and more generally in binary classification, a false positive is an error in data reporting in which a test result improperly indicates presence of a condition, such as a disease (the result is positive), when in reality it is not present, while a false negative is an error in which a test result improperly indicates no presence of a condition (the result is negative), when in reality it is present.
A fixed odds betting terminal (FOBT) is a type of electronic slot machine normally found in betting shops in the United Kingdom.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or USFDA) is a federal agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, one of the United States federal executive departments.
In law, fraud is deliberate deception to secure unfair or unlawful gain, or to deprive a victim of a legal right.
Functional magnetic resonance imaging or functional MRI (fMRI) measures brain activity by detecting changes associated with blood flow.
The gambler's fallacy, also known as the Monte Carlo fallacy or the fallacy of the maturity of chances, is the mistaken belief that, if something happens more frequently than normal during a given period, it will happen less frequently in the future.
The Gambler's lament (or "Gamester's lament") is one of the hymns of the Rigveda which do not have any direct cultic or religious context.
Gamblers Anonymous (GA) is a twelve-step program for people who have a gambling problem.
Gambling is the wagering of money or something of value (referred to as "the stakes") on an event with an uncertain outcome with the primary intent of winning money or material goods.
The Gambling Commission is an executive non-departmental public body of the Government of the United Kingdom responsible for regulating gambling and supervising gaming law in Great Britain (its jurisdiction does not extend to Northern Ireland.) On 1 October 2013 it assumed responsibility for regulating the National Lottery.
GamCare is the leading provider of information, advice, support and free counselling for the prevention and treatment of problem gambling.
Gaming law is the set of rules and regulations that apply to the gaming or gambling industry.
Harvard Medical School (HMS) is the graduate medical school of Harvard University.
The illusion of control is the tendency for people to overestimate their ability to control events; for example, it occurs when someone feels a sense of control over outcomes that they demonstrably do not influence.
Impulse-control disorder (ICD) is a class of psychiatric disorders characterized by impulsivity – failure to resist a temptation, an urge, an impulse, or the inability to not speak on a thought.
Kleptomania or klopemania is the inability to refrain from the urge for stealing items and is usually done for reasons other than personal use or financial gain.
Lithium compounds, also known as lithium salts, are primarily used as a psychiatric medication.
Massachusetts General Hospital (Mass General or MGH) is the original and largest teaching hospital of Harvard Medical School and a biomedical research facility located in the West End neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts.
Mood disorder, also known as mood (affective) disorders, is a group of conditions where a disturbance in the person's mood is the main underlying feature.
Nalmefene (trade name Selincro), originally known as nalmetrene, is an opioid antagonist used primarily in the management of alcohol dependence.
Narcissism is the pursuit of gratification from vanity or egotistic admiration of one's own attributes.
The National Council on Problem Gambling was set up in Singapore on 31 August 2005 to address problem gambling, following the government's decision to legalise casino gambling and build two integrated resorts at Marina Bay and Sentosa.
The National Council on Problem Gambling was founded in 1972 by Msgr.
The National Gambling Impact Study Commission Act of 1996 is an Act of Congress that was signed into law by President of the United States Bill Clinton.
The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), as part of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, supports and conducts biomedical and behavioral research on the causes, consequences, treatment, and prevention of alcoholism and alcohol-related problems.
Neuron is a biweekly peer-reviewed scientific journal published by Cell Press, and imprint of Elsevier.
Norepinephrine (NE), also called noradrenaline (NA) or noradrenalin, is an organic chemical in the catecholamine family that functions in the brain and body as a hormone and neurotransmitter.
North American gambling treatment centers are intended to treat gambling addiction.
Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada.
Ontario Lottery and Gaming Corporation (Société des loteries et des jeux de l'Ontario), known for corporate branding purposes simply as OLG since 2006, is a Crown corporation owned by the Government of Ontario, Canada.
Paroxetine, also known by trade names including Paxil and Seroxat among others, is an antidepressant of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) class. It is used to treat major depressive disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, social anxiety disorder, panic disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, generalized anxiety disorder and premenstrual dysphoric disorder. It has also been used in the treatment of hot flashes and night sweats associated with menopause. It has a similar tolerability profile to other SSRIs. The common side effects include drowsiness, dry mouth, loss of appetite, sweating, trouble sleeping and delayed ejaculation. It may also be associated with a slightly increased risk of birth defects. The rate of withdrawal symptoms in young people may be higher with paroxetine and venlafaxine than other SSRIs and SNRIs. Several studies have associated paroxetine with suicidal thinking and behavior in children and adolescents. Marketing of the drug began in 1992 by the pharmaceutical company SmithKline Beecham, known since 2000 as GlaxoSmithKline. Generic formulations have been available since 2003 when the patent expired. The United States Department of Justice fined GlaxoSmithKline $3 billion in 2012, including a sum for withholding data on paroxetine, unlawfully promoting it for under-18s and preparing an article, following one of its clinical trials, study 329, that misleadingly reported the drug was effective in treating adolescent depression.
Personality disorders (PD) are a class of mental disorders characterized by enduring maladaptive patterns of behavior, cognition, and inner experience, exhibited across many contexts and deviating from those accepted by the individual's culture.
The Problem Gambling Foundation of New Zealand (PGF) is a national non-profit organisation in New Zealand predominantly funded by the Ministry of Health with funds received from the gambling levy.
In behavioral psychology, reinforcement is a consequence that will strengthen an organism's future behavior whenever that behavior is preceded by a specific antecedent stimulus.
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are a class of drugs that are typically used as antidepressants in the treatment of major depressive disorder and anxiety disorders.
Self-medication is a human behavior in which an individual uses a substance or any exogenous influence to self-administer treatment for physical or psychological ailments.
Serotonin or 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) is a monoamine neurotransmitter.
Southern Cross University (SCU) is an Australian public university, with campuses at Lismore and Coffs Harbour in northern New South Wales, and at the southern end of the Gold Coast in Queensland.
Spread betting is any of various types of wagering on the outcome of an event where the pay-off is based on the accuracy of the wager, rather than a simple "win or lose" outcome, such as fixed-odds (or money-line) betting or parimutuel betting.
Substance abuse, also known as drug abuse, is a patterned use of a drug in which the user consumes the substance in amounts or with methods which are harmful to themselves or others, and is a form of substance-related disorder.
Suicidal ideation, also known as suicidal thoughts, is thinking about or having an unusual preoccupation with suicide.
Suicide is the act of intentionally causing one's own death.
The Alfred, also known as Alfred Hospital or The Alfred Hospital, is a major hospital in Melbourne, Victoria.
The Fifth Estate is an English-language, award-winning Canadian television newsmagazine.
The Walt Disney Company, commonly known as Disney, is an American diversified multinational mass media and entertainment conglomerate, headquartered at the Walt Disney Studios in Burbank, California.
A twelve-step program is a set of guiding principles outlining a course of action for recovery from addiction, compulsion, or other behavioral problems.
The University of Maryland Medical Center (UMMC) is a teaching hospital with 757 beds based in Baltimore, Maryland, that provides the full range of health care to people throughout Maryland and the Mid-Atlantic region.
The University of Missouri (also, Mizzou, or MU) is a public, land-grant research university in Columbia, Missouri.
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