36 relations: Biochemistry, Biotechnology, Catalysis, Chemical equation, Chemical equilibrium, Chemical kinetics, Chemical reaction, Chemical synthesis, Derivative (chemistry), Endergonic reaction, Enzyme, Enzyme catalysis, Enzyme inhibitor, Enzyme promiscuity, Exergonic process, Exergonic reaction, Galactose, Glucose, Lactase, Lactose, Metabolic pathway, Metabolism, Metastability, Monosaccharide, Natural product, Negative feedback, Precursor (chemistry), Process chemistry, Reagent, Reversible reaction, Second law of thermodynamics, Solvent, Spontaneous process, State of matter, Substrate (chemistry), Transition state.
Biochemistry, sometimes called biological chemistry, is the study of chemical processes within and relating to living organisms.
Biotechnology is the broad area of science involving living systems and organisms to develop or make products, or "any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use" (UN Convention on Biological Diversity, Art. 2).
Catalysis is the increase in the rate of a chemical reaction due to the participation of an additional substance called a catalysthttp://goldbook.iupac.org/C00876.html, which is not consumed in the catalyzed reaction and can continue to act repeatedly.
A chemical equation is the symbolic representation of a chemical reaction in the form of symbols and formulae, wherein the reactant entities are given on the left-hand side and the product entities on the right-hand side.
In a chemical reaction, chemical equilibrium is the state in which both reactants and products are present in concentrations which have no further tendency to change with time, so that there is no observable change in the properties of the system.
Chemical kinetics, also known as reaction kinetics, is the study of rates of chemical processes.
A chemical reaction is a process that leads to the transformation of one set of chemical substances to another.
Chemical synthesis is a purposeful execution of chemical reactions to obtain a product, or several products.
In chemistry, a derivative is a compound that is derived from a similar compound by a chemical reaction.
In chemical thermodynamics, an endergonic reaction (also called a heat absorb nonspontaneous reaction or an unfavorable reaction) is a chemical reaction in which the standard change in free energy is positive, and energy is absorbed.
Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.
Enzyme catalysis is the increase in the rate of a chemical reaction by the active site of a protein.
4QI9) An enzyme inhibitor is a molecule that binds to an enzyme and decreases its activity.
Enzyme promiscuity is the ability of an enzyme to catalyse a fortuitous side reaction in addition to its main reaction.
An exergonic process is one in which there is a positive flow of energy from the system to the surroundings.
An exergonic reaction is a chemical reaction where the change in the free energy is negative (there is a net release of free energy), indicating a spontaneous reaction.
Galactose (galacto- + -ose, "milk sugar"), sometimes abbreviated Gal, is a monosaccharide sugar that is about as sweet as glucose, and about 30% as sweet as sucrose.
Glucose is a simple sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6.
Lactase is an enzyme produced by many organisms.
Lactose is a disaccharide.
In biochemistry, a metabolic pathway is a linked series of chemical reactions occurring within a cell.
Metabolism (from μεταβολή metabolē, "change") is the set of life-sustaining chemical transformations within the cells of organisms.
In physics, metastability is a stable state of a dynamical system other than the system's state of least energy.
Monosaccharides (from Greek monos: single, sacchar: sugar), also called simple sugars, are the most basic units of carbohydrates.
A natural product is a chemical compound or substance produced by a living organism—that is, found in nature.
Negative feedback (or balancing feedback) occurs when some function of the output of a system, process, or mechanism is fed back in a manner that tends to reduce the fluctuations in the output, whether caused by changes in the input or by other disturbances.
In chemistry, a precursor is a compound that participates in a chemical reaction that produces another compound.
Process chemistry is the arm of pharmaceutical chemistry concerned with the development and optimization of a synthetic scheme and pilot plant procedure to manufacture compounds for the drug development phase.
A reagent is a substance or compound added to a system to cause a chemical reaction, or added to test if a reaction occurs.
A reversible reaction is a reaction where the reactants form products, which react together to give the reactants back.
The second law of thermodynamics states that the total entropy of an isolated system can never decrease over time.
A solvent (from the Latin solvō, "loosen, untie, solve") is a substance that dissolves a solute (a chemically distinct liquid, solid or gas), resulting in a solution.
A spontaneous process is the time-evolution of a system in which it releases free energy and it moves to a lower, more thermodynamically stable energy state.
In physics, a state of matter is one of the distinct forms in which matter can exist.
In chemistry, a substrate is typically the chemical species being observed in a chemical reaction, which reacts with a reagent to generate a product.
The transition state of a chemical reaction is a particular configuration along the reaction coordinate.