34 relations: Biochemistry, Biotechnology, Catalysis, Chemical equation, Chemical equilibrium, Chemical kinetics, Chemical reaction, Chemical synthesis, Endergonic, Enzyme, Enzyme catalysis, Enzyme inhibitor, Exergonic process, Exergonic reaction, Galactose, Glucose, Lactase, Lactose, Metabolic pathway, Metabolism, Metastability, Monosaccharide, Natural product, Negative feedback, Process chemistry, Promiscuity, Reagent, Reversible reaction, Second law of thermodynamics, Solvent, Spontaneous process, State of matter, Substrate (chemistry), Transition state.
Biochemistry, sometimes called biological chemistry, is the study of chemical processes within and relating to living organisms.
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Biotechnology is the use of living systems and organisms to develop or make products, or "any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use" (UN Convention on Biological Diversity, Art. 2).
Catalysis is the increase in the rate of a chemical reaction due to the participation of an additional substance called a catalyst.
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A chemical equation is the symbolic representation of a chemical reaction in the form of symbols and formulae, wherein the reactant entities are given on the left-hand side and the product entities on the right-hand side.
In a chemical reaction, chemical equilibrium is the state in which both reactants and products are present in concentrations which have no further tendency to change with time.
Chemical kinetics, also known as reaction kinetics, is the study of rates of chemical processes.
A chemical reaction is a process that leads to the transformation of one set of chemical substances to another.
In chemistry, chemical synthesis is a purposeful execution of chemical reactions to obtain a product, or several products.
Endergonic (from the prefix endo-, derived from the Greek word ἔνδον endon, "within", and the Greek word ἔργον ergon, "work") means "absorbing energy in the form of work." Endergonic reactions are not spontaneous.
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Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.
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Enzyme catalysis is the increase in the rate of a chemical reaction by the active site of a protein.
An enzyme inhibitor is a molecule that binds to an enzyme and decreases its activity.
An exergonic process is one in which there is a positive flow of energy from the system to the surroundings.
An exergonic reaction is a chemical reaction where the change in the free energy is negative (there is a net release of free energy), indicating a spontaneous reaction.
Galactose (galacto- + -ose, "milk sugar"), sometimes abbreviated Gal, is a monosaccharide sugar that is less sweet than glucose and fructose.
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Glucose is a sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6.
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Lactase is an enzyme produced by many organisms.
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Lactose is a disaccharide sugar derived from galactose and glucose that is found in milk.
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In biochemistry, a metabolic pathway is a series of chemical reactions occurring within a cell.
Metabolism (from μεταβολή metabolē, "change") is the set of life-sustaining chemical transformations within the cells of living organisms.
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Metastability denotes the phenomenon when a system spends an extended time in a configuration other than the system's state of least energy.
Monosaccharides (from Greek monos: single, sacchar: sugar; British English: monosaccharaides) are the most basic units of carbohydrates.
A natural product is a chemical compound or substance produced by a living organism—that is, found in nature.
Negative feedback occurs when some function of the output of a system, process, or mechanism is fed back in a manner that tends to reduce the fluctuations in the output, whether caused by changes in the input or by other disturbances.
Process chemistry is the arm of pharmaceutical chemistry concerned with the development and optimization of a synthetic scheme and pilot plant procedure to manufacture compounds for the drug development phase.
Promiscuity is the practice of having casual sex frequently with different partners or being indiscriminate in the choice of sexual partners.
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A reagent is a "substance or compound that is added to a system in order to bring about a chemical reaction, or added to see if a reaction occurs." Although the terms reactant and reagent are often used interchangeably, a reactant is more specifically a "substance that is consumed in the course of a chemical reaction".
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A reversible reaction is a chemical reaction that results in an equilibrium mixture of reactants and products.
The second law of thermodynamics states that in every natural thermodynamic process the sum of the entropies of all participating bodies is increased.
A solvent (from the Latin solvō, "I loosen, untie, I solve") is a substance that dissolves a solute (a chemically different liquid, solid or gas), resulting in a solution.
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A spontaneous process is the time-evolution of a system in which it releases free energy (usually as heat) and moves to a lower, more thermodynamically stable energy state.
In physics, a state of matter is one of the distinct forms that matter takes on.
In chemistry, a substrate is typically the chemical species being observed in a chemical reaction, which reacts with reagent to generate a product.
The transition state of a chemical reaction is a particular configuration along the reaction coordinate.