78 relations: Adrenal gland, Anabolic steroid, Androgen, Androstane, Androstenedione, Birth, Brain, Breast, Breastfeeding, Cervix, Cholesterol, Corpus luteum, Dehydroepiandrosterone, Dihydrodeoxycorticosterone, Endogeny (biology), Enzyme, Estradiol, Estrane, Estrogen, Estrous cycle, Female reproductive system, Feminization (biology), Functional analog (chemistry), Glucocorticoid, Granulosa cell, Gynaecology, Hormonal contraception, Hormone replacement therapy, Hypogonadism, Lactation, List of progestogens, Mammary gland, Medroxyprogesterone acetate, Membrane progesterone receptor, Menopause, Menstrual cycle, Metabolic intermediate, Mineralocorticoid, Nandrolone, Neurosteroid, Norethisterone, Organic compound, Ovarian follicle, Ovary, PAQR5, PAQR6, PAQR7, PAQR8, Placenta, Precursor (chemistry), ..., Pregnancy, Pregnane, Pregnenolone, Progesterone, Progesterone (medication), Progesterone receptor, Progesterone receptor A, Progesterone receptor B, Progesterone receptor C, Progestin, Sex steroid, Steroid, Steroid hormone, Structural analog, Testicle, Testosterone, Theca of follicle, Tissue (biology), Trans woman, Uterus, Vagina, Wulf H. Utian, 11-Deoxycorticosterone, 16α-Hydroxyprogesterone, 17α-Hydroxypregnenolone, 17α-Hydroxyprogesterone, 20α-Dihydroprogesterone, 5α-Dihydroprogesterone. Expand index (28 more) » « Shrink index
The adrenal glands (also known as suprarenal glands) are endocrine glands that produce a variety of hormones including adrenaline and the steroids aldosterone and cortisol.
Anabolic steroids, also known more properly as anabolic–androgenic steroids (AAS), are steroidal androgens that include natural androgens like testosterone as well as synthetic androgens that are structurally related and have similar effects to testosterone.
An androgen (from Greek andr-, the stem of the word meaning "man") is any natural or synthetic steroid hormone which regulates the development and maintenance of male characteristics in vertebrates by binding to androgen receptors.
Androstane is a C19 steroid with a gonane core.
Androstenedione, or 4-androstenedione (abbreviated as A4 or Δ4-dione), also known as androst-4-ene-3,17-dione, is an endogenous weak androgen steroid hormone and intermediate in the biosynthesis of estrone and of testosterone from dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA).
Birth is the act or process of bearing or bringing forth offspring.
The brain is an organ that serves as the center of the nervous system in all vertebrate and most invertebrate animals.
The breast is one of two prominences located on the upper ventral region of the torso of primates.
Breastfeeding, also known as nursing, is the feeding of babies and young children with milk from a woman's breast.
The cervix or cervix uteri (neck of the uterus) is the lower part of the uterus in the human female reproductive system.
Cholesterol (from the Ancient Greek chole- (bile) and stereos (solid), followed by the chemical suffix -ol for an alcohol) is an organic molecule.
The corpus luteum (Latin for "yellow body"; plural corpora lutea) is a temporary endocrine structure in female ovaries and is involved in the production of relatively high levels of progesterone, moderate levels of estradiol, inhibin A and small amounts of estrogen.
Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), also known as androstenolone, is an endogenous steroid hormone.
5α-Dihydrodeoxycorticosterone (abbreviated as DHDOC), also known as 21-hydroxy-5α-pregnan-20-one, is an endogenous progestogen and neurosteroid.
Endogenous substances and processes are those that originate from within an organism, tissue, or cell.
Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.
Estradiol (E2), also spelled oestradiol, is an estrogen steroid hormone and the major female sex hormone.
Estrane is a C18 steroid derivative, with a gonane core.
Estrogen, or oestrogen, is the primary female sex hormone.
The estrous cycle or oestrus cycle (derived from Latin oestrus 'frenzy', originally from Greek οἶστρος oîstros 'gadfly') is the recurring physiological changes that are induced by reproductive hormones in most mammalian therian females.
The female reproductive system is made up of the internal and external sex organs that function in reproduction of new offspring.
In biology and medicine, feminization is the development in an organism of physical characteristics that are usually unique to the female of the species.
In chemistry and pharmacology, functional analogs are chemical compounds that have similar physical, chemical, biochemical, or pharmacological properties.
Glucocorticoids are a class of corticosteroids, which are a class of steroid hormones.
A granulosa cell or follicular cell is a somatic cell of the sex cord that is closely associated with the developing female gamete (called an oocyte or egg) in the ovary of mammals.
Gynaecology or gynecology (see spelling differences) is the medical practice dealing with the health of the female reproductive systems (vagina, uterus, and ovaries) and the breasts.
Hormonal contraception refers to birth control methods that act on the endocrine system.
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is any form of hormone therapy wherein the patient, in the course of medical treatment, receives hormones, either to supplement a lack of naturally occurring hormones or to substitute other hormones for naturally occurring hormones.
Hypogonadism means diminished functional activity of the gonads—the testes or the ovaries —that may result in diminished sex hormone biosynthesis.
Lactation describes the secretion of milk from the mammary glands and the period of time that a mother lactates to feed her young.
This is a list of progestogens that are or that have been used in clinical or veterinary medicine.
A mammary gland is an exocrine gland in mammals that produces milk to feed young offspring.
Medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA), sold under the brand name Depo-Provera among others, is a hormonal medication of the progestin type.
Membrane progesterone receptors (mPRs) are a group of cell surface receptors and membrane steroid receptors belonging to the progestin and adipoQ receptor (PAQR) family which bind the endogenous progestogen and neurosteroid progesterone, as well as the neurosteroid allopregnanolone.
Menopause, also known as the climacteric, is the time in most women's lives when menstrual periods stop permanently, and they are no longer able to bear children.
The menstrual cycle is the regular natural change that occurs in the female reproductive system (specifically the uterus and ovaries) that makes pregnancy possible.
Metabolic intermediates are molecules which are the precursors or metabolites of biologically significant molecules.
Mineralocorticoids are a class of corticosteroids, which in turn are a class of steroid hormones.
Nandrolone, also known as 19-nortestosterone, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) which is used in the form of esters such as nandrolone decanoate (brand name Deca-Durabolin) and nandrolone phenylpropionate (brand name Durabolin).
Neurosteroids, also known as neuroactive steroids, are endogenous or exogenous steroids that rapidly alter neuronal excitability through interaction with ligand-gated ion channels and other cell surface receptors.
Norethisterone, also known as norethindrone and sold under the brand names Aygestin and Primolut N among many others, is a progestin medication which is used in birth control pills, menopausal hormone therapy, and for the treatment of gynecological disorders.
In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.
An ovarian follicle is a roughly spheroid cellular aggregation set found in the ovaries.
The ovary is an organ found in the female reproductive system that produces an ovum.
Membrane progesterone receptor gamma (mPRγ), or progestin and adipoQ receptor 5 (PAQR5), is a protein that in humans is encoded by the PAQR5 gene.
Membrane progesterone receptor delta (mPRδ), or progestin and adipoQ receptor 6 (PAQR6), is a protein that in humans is encoded by the PAQR6 gene.
Membrane progesterone receptor alpha (mPRα), or progestin and adipoQ receptor 7 (PAQR7), is a protein that in humans is encoded by the PAQR7 gene.
Membrane progesterone receptor beta (mPRβ), or progestin and adipoQ receptor 8 (PAQR8), is a protein that in humans is encoded by the PAQR8 gene.
The placenta is an organ that connects the developing fetus to the uterine wall to allow nutrient uptake, thermo-regulation, waste elimination, and gas exchange via the mother's blood supply; to fight against internal infection; and to produce hormones which support pregnancy.
In chemistry, a precursor is a compound that participates in a chemical reaction that produces another compound.
Pregnancy, also known as gestation, is the time during which one or more offspring develops inside a woman.
Pregnane is a C21 steroid and, indirectly, a parent of progesterone.
Pregnenolone (P5), or pregn-5-en-3β-ol-20-one, is an endogenous steroid and precursor/metabolic intermediate in the biosynthesis of most of the steroid hormones, including the progestogens, androgens, estrogens, glucocorticoids, and mineralocorticoids.
Progesterone (P4) is an endogenous steroid and progestogen sex hormone involved in the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, and embryogenesis of humans and other species.
Progesterone is a medication and naturally occurring steroid hormone.
The progesterone receptor (PR), also known as NR3C3 or nuclear receptor subfamily 3, group C, member 3, is a protein found inside cells.
The progesterone receptor A (PR-A) is one of three known isoforms of the progesterone receptor (PR), the main biological target of the endogenous progestogen sex hormone progesterone.
The progesterone receptor B (PR-B) is one of three known isoforms of the progesterone receptor (PR), the main biological target of the endogenous progestogen sex hormone progesterone.
The progesterone receptor C (PR-C) is one of three known isoforms of the progesterone receptor (PR), the main biological target of the endogenous progestogen sex hormone progesterone.
A progestin is a type of medication which is used most commonly in hormonal birth control and menopausal hormone therapy.
Sex steroids, also known as gonadocorticoids and gonadal steroids, are steroid hormones that interact with vertebrate androgen or estrogen receptors.
A steroid is a biologically active organic compound with four rings arranged in a specific molecular configuration.
A steroid hormone is a steroid that acts as a hormone.
A structural analog, also known as a chemical analog or simply an analog, is a compound having a structure similar to that of another compound, but differing from it in respect to a certain component.
The testicle or testis is the male reproductive gland in all animals, including humans.
Testosterone is the primary male sex hormone and an anabolic steroid.
The theca folliculi comprise a layer of the ovarian follicles.
In biology, tissue is a cellular organizational level between cells and a complete organ.
A trans woman (sometimes trans-woman or transwoman) is a woman who was assigned male at birth.
The uterus (from Latin "uterus", plural uteri) or womb is a major female hormone-responsive secondary sex organ of the reproductive system in humans and most other mammals.
In mammals, the vagina is the elastic, muscular part of the female genital tract.
Wulf H. Utian is a physician, reproductive endocrinologist, clinical researcher, and academic women's health department administrator.
11-Deoxycorticosterone (DOC), or simply deoxycorticosterone, also known as 21-hydroxyprogesterone, as well as desoxycortone (INN), deoxycortone, and cortexone, is a steroid hormone produced by the adrenal gland that possesses mineralocorticoid activity and acts as a precursor to aldosterone.
16α-Hydroxyprogesterone (16α-OHP), also known as 16α-hydroxypregn-4-ene-3,20-dione, is a minor endogenous progestogen steroid hormone and a metabolite of progesterone that is formed in lower amounts than 17α-hydroxyprogesterone (17α-OHP).
17α-Hydroxypregnenolone is a pregnane (C21) steroid that is obtained by hydroxylation of pregnenolone at the C17α position.
17α-Hydroxyprogesterone (17α-OHP), or hydroxyprogesterone (OHP), is an endogenous progestogen steroid hormone related to progesterone.
20α-Dihydroprogesterone (20α-DHP), also known as 20α-hydroxyprogesterone (20α-OHP), is a naturally occurring, endogenous progestogen.
5α-Dihydroprogesterone (5α-DHP), also known as allopregnanedione, as well as 5α-pregnane-3,20-dione, is an endogenous progestogen and neurosteroid that is synthesized from progesterone.