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Promotion (chess)

Index Promotion (chess)

Promotion is a chess rule that requires a pawn that reaches its eighth to be immediately replaced by the player's choice of a queen, knight, rook, or bishop of the same. [1]

98 relations: Albin Countergambit, Lasker Trap, Alexei Shirov, Alexey Sokolsky, Allumwandlung, Anatoly Karpov, Étienne Bacrot, Babson task, Bishop (chess), Bobby Fischer, Carl Jaenisch, Carl Schlechter, Carlos Torre Repetto, Check (chess), Checkmate, Chess clock, Chess endgame, Chess middlegame, Chess opening, Chess problem, Chess set, Chess strategy, Chess World Cup, ChessBase, Cross-check, David Antón Guijarro, Desperado (chess), Draw (chess), Emanuel Lasker, Endgame study, Everyman Chess, Fairy chess, FIDE, FIDE titles, Fork (chess), François-André Danican Philidor, Frédéric Lazard, Garry Kasparov, Gata Kamsky, Géza Maróczy, George H. D. Gossip, Glossary of chess, Grandmaster (chess), Hermanis Matisons, Howard Staunton, International Arbiter, Irish Chess Championship, Jan Rusinek, Johann Löwenthal, Joke chess problem, Joseph Gallagher, ..., Julius Perlis, Khanty-Mansiysk, King (chess), King and pawn versus king endgame, Knight (chess), Liechtenstein, List of chess variants, Losing Chess, Milan Vidmar, My 60 Memorable Games, My Great Predecessors, Nalchik, New In Chess, Opposite-colored bishops endgame, Pawn (chess), Pawnless chess endgame, Perpetual check, Persian language, Peter Svidler, Philip Walsingham Sergeant, Pin (chess), Queen (chess), Queen and pawn versus queen endgame, Queen versus pawn endgame, Rook (chess), Rook and pawn versus rook endgame, Rules of chess, Saavedra position, Sergey Karjakin, Shogi, Siberia, Slav Defense, Stalemate, The Daily Telegraph, The Oxford Companion to Chess, Tigran Petrosian, Tim Krabbé, Time trouble, United States Chess Federation, Vizier, Vladimir Akopian, Vladimir Kramnik, Vladimir Malakhov (chess player), Wilhelm Steinitz, World Chess Championship, Xiangqi, Zugzwang, 35th Chess Olympiad. Expand index (48 more) »

Albin Countergambit, Lasker Trap

The Lasker Trap is a chess opening trap in the Albin Countergambit, named after Emanuel Lasker, although it was first noted by Serafino Dubois.

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Alexei Shirov

Alexei Shirov (Aleksejs Širovs;; born 4 July 1972) is a Latvian and Spanish chess grandmaster.

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Alexey Sokolsky

Alexey Pavlovich Sokolsky (3 November 1908 – 27 December 1969) was a Ukrainian-Belarusian chess player of International Master strength in chess, a noted correspondence chess player, and an opening theoretician.

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Allumwandlung (German for "complete promotion", sometimes abbreviated AUW) is a chess problem theme where, at some stage in the solution, a pawn (or sometimes pawns) is promoted variously to a queen, rook, bishop, and knight.

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Anatoly Karpov

Anatoly Yevgenyevich Karpov (Анато́лий Евге́ньевич Ка́рпов; born May 23, 1951) is a Russian chess grandmaster and former World Champion.

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Étienne Bacrot

Étienne Bacrot (born 22 January 1983 in Lille) is a French chess grandmaster and former chess prodigy.

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Babson task

The Babson task is a particular type of chess problem, namely, a directmate with the following properties.

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Bishop (chess)

A bishop (♗,♝) is a piece in the board game of chess.

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Bobby Fischer

Robert James Fischer (March 9, 1943January 17, 2008) was an American chess grandmaster and the eleventh World Chess Champion.

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Carl Jaenisch

Carl Ferdinand von Jaenisch (Карл Андреевич Яниш; Vyborg, April 11, 1813 – Saint Petersburg, March 7, 1872) was a Finnish and Russian chess player and theorist.

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Carl Schlechter

Carl Schlechter (2 March 1874 – 27 December 1918) was a leading Austrian chess master and theoretician at the turn of the 20th century.

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Carlos Torre Repetto

Carlos Jesús Torre Repetto (29 November 1904Hooper/Whyld, Gaige say 1905. in Mérida, Yucatán – 19 March 1978 in Mérida, Yucatán) was a chess grandmaster from Mexico.

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Check (chess)

A check is a condition in chess, shogi, and xiangqi that occurs when a player's king (or general in xiangqi) is under threat of on their opponent's next turn.

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Checkmate (often shortened to mate) is a game position in chess and other chess-like games in which a player's king is in check (threatened with) and there is no way to remove the threat.

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Chess clock

A chess clock consists of two adjacent clocks with buttons to stop one clock while starting the other, so that the two clocks never run simultaneously.

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Chess endgame

In chess and chess-like games, the endgame (or end game or ending) is the stage of the game when few pieces are left on the board.

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Chess middlegame

The middlegame in chess refers to the portion of the game in between the opening and the endgame.

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Chess opening

A chess opening or simply an opening refers to the initial moves of a chess game.

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Chess problem

A chess problem, also called a chess composition, is a puzzle set by somebody using chess pieces on a chess board, that presents the solver with a particular task to be achieved.

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Chess set

A chess set has thirty-two chess pieces in two colours and a chessboard used to play chess.

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Chess strategy

Chess strategy is the aspect of chess playing concerned with evaluation of chess positions and setting of goals and long-term plans for future play.

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Chess World Cup

The Chess World Cup refers to three different events over the years.

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ChessBase GmbH is a German company that markets chess software, maintains a chess news site, and operates servers for online chess.

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In chess, a cross-check is a tactic in which a check is played in response to a check, especially when the original check is blocked by a piece that itself either delivers check or reveals a discovered check from another piece.

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David Antón Guijarro

David Antón Guijarro (born 23 June 1995) is a Spanish chess grandmaster.

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Desperado (chess)

In chess, a desperado piece is a piece that is or trapped, but captures an enemy piece before it is itself captured.

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Draw (chess)

In chess, a draw is the result of a game ending in a tie.

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Emanuel Lasker

Emanuel Lasker (December 24, 1868 – January 11, 1941) was a German chess player, mathematician, and philosopher who was World Chess Champion for 27 years (from 1894 to 1921).

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Endgame study

In the game of chess, an endgame study, or just study, is a composed position—that is, one that has been made up rather than one from an actual game—presented as a sort of puzzle, in which the aim of the solver is to find the essentially unique way for one side (usually White) to win or draw, as stipulated, against any moves the other side plays.

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Everyman Chess

Everyman Chess, formerly known as Cadogan Chess, is a major publisher of books and CDs about chess.

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Fairy chess

Fairy chess is the area of chess composition in which there are some changes to the rules of chess.

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The Fédération Internationale des Échecs or World Chess Federation is an international organization that connects the various national chess federations around the world and acts as the governing body of international chess competition.

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FIDE titles

The World Chess Federation, FIDE (Fédération Internationale des Échecs), awards several performance-based titles to chess players, up to and including the highly prized Grandmaster title.

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Fork (chess)

In chess, a fork is a tactic whereby a single piece makes two or more direct attacks simultaneously.

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François-André Danican Philidor

François-André Danican Philidor (September 7, 1726 – August 31, 1795), often referred to as André Danican Philidor during his lifetime, was a French composer and chess player.

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Frédéric Lazard

Frédéric Lazard (20 February 1883, in Marseille – 18 November 1948, in Le Vésinet) was a French chess master, problemist and journalist.

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Garry Kasparov

Garry Kimovich Kasparov (Га́рри Ки́мович Каспа́ров,; Armenian: Գարրի Կիմովիչ Կասպարով; born Garik Kimovich Weinstein, 13 April 1963) is a Russian chess grandmaster, former world chess champion, writer, and political activist, who many consider to be the greatest chess player of all time.

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Gata Kamsky

Gata Kamsky (Ğata Kamski; Гата Камский; Гата Камский; born June 2, 1974) is an American chess grandmaster, and a five-time U.S. champion.

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Géza Maróczy

Géza Maróczy (3 March 1870 – 29 May 1951) was a Hungarian chess master, one of the leading players in the world in his time.

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George H. D. Gossip

George Hatfeild Dingley Gossip (December 6, 1841 – May 11, 1907) was a minor American-English chess master and writer.

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Glossary of chess

This page explains commonly used terms in chess in alphabetical order.

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Grandmaster (chess)

The title Grandmaster (GM) is awarded to chess players by the world chess organization FIDE.

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Hermanis Matisons

Hermanis Matisons (also known as Herman Mattison; 1894, Riga – 1932) was a Latvian chess player and one of world's most highly regarded chess masters in the early 1930s.

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Howard Staunton

Howard Staunton (1810 – 22 June 1874) was an English chess master who is generally regarded as having been the world's strongest player from 1843 to 1851, largely as a result of his 1843 victory over Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint-Amant.

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International Arbiter

In chess, International Arbiter is a title awarded by FIDE to individuals deemed capable of acting as arbiter in important chess matches.

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Irish Chess Championship

The Irish Chess Championship is the national Championship of Ireland as run by the Irish Chess Union (ICU), the FIDE governing body for the sport.

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Jan Rusinek

Jan Rusinek (born 2 December 1950) is a Polish mathematician and chess composer, particularly noted for his brilliant endgame studies.

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Johann Löwenthal

Johann Jacob Löwenthal (Löwenthal János Jakab; 15 July 1810 – 24 July 1876) was a professional chess master.

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Joke chess problem

Joke chess problems are puzzles in chess that use humor as a primary or secondary element.

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Joseph Gallagher

Joseph Gerald Gallagher (born 4 May 1964) is a British-born Swiss chess grandmaster and former British Champion, as well as a chess author.

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Julius Perlis

Julius Perlis (19 January 1880, in Białystok (Poland, then Russian Empire) – 11 September 1913, in Ennstal) was an Austrian chess player.

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Khanty-Mansiysk (Ха́нты-Манси́йск, lit. Khanty-Mansi Town; Khanty: Ёмвош, Yomvosh; Mansi: Абга, Abga) is a town and the administrative center of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug, Russia.

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King (chess)

In chess, the king (♔,♚) is the most important piece.

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King and pawn versus king endgame

The chess endgame with a king and a pawn versus a king is one of the most important and fundamental endgames, other than the basic checkmates.

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Knight (chess)

The knight (♘ ♞) is a piece in the game of chess, representing a knight (armored cavalry).

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Liechtenstein, officially the Principality of Liechtenstein (Fürstentum Liechtenstein), is a doubly landlocked German-speaking microstate in Central Europe.

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List of chess variants

A chess variant (or unorthodox chess) is a game "related to, derived from, or inspired by chess".

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Losing Chess

Losing Chess (also known as Antichess, the Losing Game, Giveaway Chess, Suicide Chess, Killer Chess, Must-Kill, Take-All Chess, Capture Chess or Losums) is one of the most popular chess variants.

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Milan Vidmar

Milan Vidmar (22 June 1885 – 9 October 1962) was a Slovene electrical engineer, chess Grandmaster, chess theorist, chess arbiter, philosopher, and writer.

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My 60 Memorable Games

My 60 Memorable Games is a chess book by Bobby Fischer, first published in 1969.

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My Great Predecessors

My Great Predecessors is a series of chess books written by former World Champion Garry Kasparov et al.

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Nalchik (p; Kabardian: Налщӏэч //; Нальчик //) is the capital city of the Kabardino-Balkar Republic, Russia, situated at an altitude of in the foothills of the Caucasus Mountains; about northwest of Beslan in the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania.

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New In Chess

New In Chess (NIC) is a chess magazine that appears eight times a year with chief editors International Grandmaster Jan Timman and Dirk Jan ten Geuzendam.

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Opposite-colored bishops endgame

The opposite-colored bishops endgame is a chess endgame in which each side has a single bishop, but the bishops reside on opposite-colored squares on the chessboard, thus cannot attack or block each other.

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Pawn (chess)

The pawn (♙,♟) is the most numerous piece in the game of chess, and in most circumstances, also the weakest.

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Pawnless chess endgame

A pawnless chess endgame is a chess endgame in which only a few pieces remain and none of them is a pawn.

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Perpetual check

In the game of chess, perpetual check is a situation in which one player can force a draw by an unending series of checks.

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Persian language

Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi (فارسی), is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family.

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Peter Svidler

Pyotr Veniaminovich Svidler (Пётр Вениами́нович Сви́длер; born 17 June 1976) is a Russian chess grandmaster.

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Philip Walsingham Sergeant

Philip Walsingham Sergeant (27 January 1872, Notting Hill, LondonBirths, Marriages and Deaths – 20 October 1952) was a British professional writer on chess and popular historical subjects.

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Pin (chess)

In chess, a pin is a situation brought on by an attacking piece in which a defending piece cannot move without exposing a more valuable defending piece on its other side to capture by the attacking piece.

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Queen (chess)

The queen (♕,♛) is the most powerful piece in the game of chess, able to move any number of squares vertically, horizontally or diagonally.

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Queen and pawn versus queen endgame

The queen and pawn versus queen endgame is a chess endgame in which both sides have a queen and one side has a pawn, which he is trying to promote.

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Queen versus pawn endgame

The chess endgame of a queen versus pawn (with both sides having no other pieces except the kings) is usually an easy win for the side with the queen.

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Rook (chess)

A rook (♖,♜) is a piece in the strategy board game of chess.

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Rook and pawn versus rook endgame

The rook and pawn versus rook endgame is of fundamental importance to chess endgames,,,, and has been widely studied,. Precise play is usually required in these positions.

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Rules of chess

The rules of chess (also known as the laws of chess) are rules governing the play of the game of chess.

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Saavedra position

The Saavedra position is one of the best known chess endgame studies.

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Sergey Karjakin

Sergey Alexandrovich Karjakin (Серге́й Алекса́ндрович Каря́кин,; born 12 January 1990) is a Russian (formerly representing Ukraine) chess grandmaster.

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(), also known as Japanese chess or the Game of Generals, is a two-player strategy board game in the same family as chess, chaturanga, makruk, shatranj, janggi and xiangqi, and is the most popular of a family of chess variants native to Japan.

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Siberia (a) is an extensive geographical region, and by the broadest definition is also known as North Asia.

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Slav Defense

The Slav Defense is a chess opening that begins with the moves: The Slav is one of the primary defenses to the Queen's Gambit.

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Stalemate is a situation in the game of chess where the player whose turn it is to move is not in check but has no legal move.

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The Daily Telegraph

The Daily Telegraph, commonly referred to simply as The Telegraph, is a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally.

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The Oxford Companion to Chess

The Oxford Companion to Chess is a reference book on the game of chess, written by David Hooper and Kenneth Whyld.

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Tigran Petrosian

Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian (Тигра́н Варта́нович Петрося́н; Տիգրան Պետրոսյան; June 17, 1929 – August 13, 1984) was a Soviet Armenian Grandmaster, and World Chess Champion from 1963 to 1969.

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Tim Krabbé

Tim Krabbé (born 13 April 1943) is a Dutch journalist and novelist.

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Time trouble

In chess played with a time control, time trouble, time pressure, or its German translation Zeitnot, is the situation where a player has little time to complete the required moves.

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United States Chess Federation

The United States Chess Federation (also known as US Chess or USCF) is the governing body for chess competition in the United States and represents the U.S. in FIDE, the World Chess Federation.

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A vizier (rarely; وزير wazīr; وازیر vazīr; vezir; Chinese: 宰相 zǎixiàng; উজির ujira; Hindustani (Hindi-Urdu): वज़ीर or وزیر vazeer; Punjabi: ਵਜ਼ੀਰ or وزير vazīra, sometimes spelt vazir, vizir, vasir, wazir, vesir or vezir) is a high-ranking political advisor or minister.

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Vladimir Akopian

Vladimir Akopian (Владимир Акопян, Վլադիմիր Հակոբյան; born December 7, 1971 in Baku, Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic, Soviet Union) is an Armenian chess Grandmaster.

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Vladimir Kramnik

Vladimir Borisovich Kramnik (Влади́мир Бори́сович Кра́мник; born 25 June 1975) is a Russian chess grandmaster.

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Vladimir Malakhov (chess player)

Vladimir Malakhov (Владимир Малахов; born 27 November 1980) is a Russian chess grandmaster.

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Wilhelm Steinitz

Wilhelm (later William) Steinitz (May 17, 1836 – August 12, 1900) was an Austrian and later American chess master, and the first undisputed World Chess Champion, from 1886 to 1894.

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World Chess Championship

The World Chess Championship (sometimes abbreviated as WCC) is played to determine the World Champion in chess.

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Xiangqi, also called Chinese chess, is a strategy board game for two players.

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Zugzwang (German for "compulsion to move") is a situation found in chess and other games wherein one player is put at a disadvantage because they must make a move when they would prefer to pass and not move.

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35th Chess Olympiad

The 35th Chess Olympiad, organized by the Fédération Internationale des Échecs and comprising an open and women's tournament, took place between October 25 and November 11, 2002, in Bled, Slovenia.

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Redirects here:

Chess promotion, Pawn promotion, Underpromoted, Underpromotion.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Promotion_(chess)

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