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Propionibacterium acnes

Index Propionibacterium acnes

Cutibacterium (Propionibacterium) acnes is the relatively slow-growing, typically aerotolerant anaerobic, Gram-positive bacterium (rod) linked to the skin condition of acne; it can also cause chronic blepharitis and endophthalmitis, the latter particularly following intraocular surgery. [1]

87 relations: Acne, Actinobacteria, Actinomycetales, Aerotolerant anaerobe, Alzheimer's disease, Aminolevulinic acid, Anaerobic organism, Antibiotic, Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, Artificial heart valve, Azithromycin, Bacteria, Benzoyl peroxide, Blacklight, Blepharitis, Blood, British Journal of Dermatology, Bronchoalveolar lavage, Cancer, Cerebrospinal fluid, Chlorhexidine, Chloroxylenol, Clindamycin, Commensalism, Copper, Corneal ulcer, Craniotomy, Dermatology (journal), Doxycycline, Endocarditis, Endophthalmitis, Endophyte, Enzyme, Erythromycin, Essential oil, Eye surgery, Fatty acid, Folliculitis, Frank Zappa, Gastrointestinal tract, Gene, Genome, Gram-positive bacteria, Hair follicle, Honey, Immune system, Irradiance, Joint, Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, Light therapy, ..., Lincosamides, Macrolide, Minocycline, Neuroinflammation, Oil of clove, Over-the-counter drug, PLOS One, Porphyrin, Propionibacteriaceae, Propionibacterium, Propionibacterium acnes type zappae, Propionic acid, Prostate, Prosthesis, Protein, SAPHO syndrome, Sarcoidosis, Sciatica, Science (journal), Sebaceous gland, Sebaceous hyperplasia, Septic arthritis, Shunt (medical), Silver, Skin, Skin flora, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Sulfur, Surgical suture, Sweat gland, Tea tree oil, Tetracycline, Triclosan, Ultraviolet, Ventriculostomy, Vitis. Expand index (37 more) »


Acne, also known as acne vulgaris, is a long-term skin disease that occurs when hair follicles are clogged with dead skin cells and oil from the skin.

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The Actinobacteria are a phylum of Gram-positive bacteria.

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The Actinomycetales are an order of Actinobacteria.

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Aerotolerant anaerobe

Aerotolerant anaerobes use fermentation to produce ATP.

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Alzheimer's disease

Alzheimer's disease (AD), also referred to simply as Alzheimer's, is a chronic neurodegenerative disease that usually starts slowly and worsens over time.

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Aminolevulinic acid

δ-Aminolevulinic acid (also dALA, δ-ALA, 5ALA or 5-aminolevulinic acid), an endogenous non-protein amino acid, is the first compound in the porphyrin synthesis pathway, the pathway that leads to heme in mammals and chlorophyll in plants.

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Anaerobic organism

An anaerobic organism or anaerobe is any organism that does not require oxygen for growth.

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An antibiotic (from ancient Greek αντιβιοτικά, antibiotiká), also called an antibacterial, is a type of antimicrobial drug used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections.

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Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published by the American Society for Microbiology.

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Artificial heart valve

An artificial heart valve is a device implanted in the heart of a patient with valvular heart disease.

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Azithromycin is an antibiotic useful for the treatment of a number of bacterial infections.

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Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.

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Benzoyl peroxide

Benzoyl peroxide (BPO) is a medication and industrial chemical.

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A blacklight (or often black light), also referred to as a UV-A light, Wood's lamp, or simply ultraviolet light, is a lamp that emits long-wave (UV-A) ultraviolet light and not much visible light.

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Blepharitis is one of the most common ocular conditions characterized by inflammation, scaling, reddening, and crusting of the eyelid.

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Blood is a body fluid in humans and other animals that delivers necessary substances such as nutrients and oxygen to the cells and transports metabolic waste products away from those same cells.

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British Journal of Dermatology

The British Journal of Dermatology is a monthly peer-reviewed medical journal that covers the field of dermatology.

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Bronchoalveolar lavage

Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL; informally, "bronchoalveolar washing") is a medical procedure in which a bronchoscope is passed through the mouth or nose into the lungs and fluid is squirted into a small part of the lung and then collected for examination.

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Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.

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Cerebrospinal fluid

Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is a clear, colorless body fluid found in the brain and spinal cord.

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Chlorhexidine is a disinfectant and antiseptic that is used for skin disinfection before surgery and to sterilize surgical instruments.

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Chloroxylenol, also known as para-chloro-meta-xylenol (PCMX), is an antiseptic and disinfectant which is used for skin disinfection and cleaning surgical instruments.

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Clindamycin is an antibiotic useful for the treatment of a number of bacterial infections.

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Commensalism is a long term biological interaction (symbiosis) in which members of one species gain benefits while those of the other species are neither benefited nor harmed.

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Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.

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Corneal ulcer

Corneal ulcer, or ulcerative keratitis, is an inflammatory or more seriously, infective condition of the cornea involving disruption of its epithelial layer with involvement of the corneal stroma.

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A craniotomy is a surgical operation in which a bone flap is temporarily removed from the skull to access the brain.

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Dermatology (journal)

Dermatology is a peer-reviewed medical journal published by Karger Publishers.

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Doxycycline is an antibiotic that is used in the treatment of a number of types of infections caused by bacteria and protozoa.

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Endocarditis is an inflammation of the inner layer of the heart, the endocardium.

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Endophthalmitis is an inflammation of the interior of the eye.

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An endophyte is an endosymbiont, often a bacterium or fungus, that lives within a plant for at least part of its life cycle without causing apparent disease.

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Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.

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Erythromycin is an antibiotic useful for the treatment of a number of bacterial infections.

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Essential oil

An essential oil is a concentrated hydrophobic liquid containing volatile (defined as "the tendency of a substance to vaporize") aroma compounds from plants.

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Eye surgery

Eye surgery, also known as ocular surgery, is surgery performed on the eye or its adnexa, typically by an ophthalmologist.

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Fatty acid

In chemistry, particularly in biochemistry, a fatty acid is a carboxylic acid with a long aliphatic chain, which is either saturated or unsaturated.

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Folliculitis is the infection and inflammation of one or more hair follicles.

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Frank Zappa

Frank Vincent Zappa (December 21, 1940 – December 4, 1993) was an American musician, composer, activist and filmmaker.

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Gastrointestinal tract

The gastrointestinal tract (digestive tract, digestional tract, GI tract, GIT, gut, or alimentary canal) is an organ system within humans and other animals which takes in food, digests it to extract and absorb energy and nutrients, and expels the remaining waste as feces.

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In biology, a gene is a sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a molecule that has a function.

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In the fields of molecular biology and genetics, a genome is the genetic material of an organism.

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Gram-positive bacteria

Gram-positive bacteria are bacteria that give a positive result in the Gram stain test, which is traditionally used to quickly classify bacteria into two broad categories according to their cell wall.

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Hair follicle

The hair follicle is a dynamic organ found in mammalian skin.

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Honey is a sweet, viscous food substance produced by bees and some related insects.

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Immune system

The immune system is a host defense system comprising many biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease.

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In radiometry, irradiance is the radiant flux (power) received by a surface per unit area.

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A joint or articulation (or articular surface) is the connection made between bones in the body which link the skeletal system into a functional whole.

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Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

The Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy is a peer-reviewed medical journal which covers antimicrobial chemotherapy, including laboratory aspects and clinical use of antimicrobial agents.

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Light therapy

Light therapy—or phototherapy, classically referred to as heliotherapy—consists of exposure to daylight or to specific wavelengths of light using polychromatic polarised light, lasers, light-emitting diodes, fluorescent lamps, dichroic lamps or very bright, full-spectrum light.

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Lincosamides are a class of antibiotics which include lincomycin, clindamycin, and pirlimycin.

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The macrolides are a class of natural products that consist of a large macrocyclic lactone ring to which one or more deoxy sugars, usually cladinose and desosamine, may be attached.

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Minocycline is a broad-spectrum tetracycline antibiotic, and has a broader spectrum than the other members of the group.

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Neuroinflammation is inflammation of the nervous tissue.

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Oil of clove

Oil of clove, also known as clove oil, is an essential oil extracted from the clove plant, Syzygium aromaticum.

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Over-the-counter drug

Over-the-counter (OTC) drugs are medicines sold directly to a consumer without a prescription from a healthcare professional, as opposed to prescription drugs, which may be sold only to consumers possessing a valid prescription.

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PLOS One (stylized PLOS ONE, and formerly PLoS ONE) is a peer-reviewed open access scientific journal published by the Public Library of Science (PLOS) since 2006.

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Porphyrins (/phɔɹfɚɪn/ ''POUR-fer-in'') are a group of heterocyclic macrocycle organic compounds, composed of four modified pyrrole subunits interconnected at their α carbon atoms via methine bridges (.

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The Propionibacteriaceae are a family of gram positive bacteria found in dairy products or in the intestinal tracts of animals and living in the pores of humans.

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Propionibacterium is a gram-positive, anaerobic, rod-shaped genus of bacteria named for their unique metabolism: They are able to synthesize propionic acid by using unusual transcarboxylase enzymes.

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Propionibacterium acnes type zappae

Propionibacterium acnes type zappae is a gram-positive, anaerobic, and endophytic bacterium species of Propionibacterium.

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Propionic acid

Propionic acid (from the Greek words protos, meaning "first", and pion, meaning "fat"; also known as propanoic acid) is a naturally occurring carboxylic acid with chemical formula C2H5COOH.

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The prostate (from Ancient Greek προστάτης, prostates, literally "one who stands before", "protector", "guardian") is a compound tubuloalveolar exocrine gland of the male reproductive system in most mammals.

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In medicine, a prosthesis (plural: prostheses; from Ancient Greek prosthesis, "addition, application, attachment") is an artificial device that replaces a missing body part, which may be lost through trauma, disease, or congenital conditions.

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Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.

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SAPHO syndrome

SAPHO syndrome includes a variety of inflammatory bone disorders that may be associated with skin changes.

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Sarcoidosis is a disease involving abnormal collections of inflammatory cells that form lumps known as granulomas.

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Sciatica is a medical condition characterized by pain going down the leg from the lower back.

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Science (journal)

Science, also widely referred to as Science Magazine, is the peer-reviewed academic journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and one of the world's top academic journals.

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Sebaceous gland

Sebaceous glands are microscopic exocrine glands in the skin that secrete an oily or waxy matter, called sebum, to lubricate and waterproof the skin and hair of mammals.

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Sebaceous hyperplasia

Sebaceous hyperplasia is a disorder of the sebaceous glands in which they become enlarged, producing flesh-colored or yellowish, shiny, often umbilicated bumps on the face.

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Septic arthritis

Septic arthritis, also known as joint infection or infectious arthritis, is the invasion of a joint by an infectious agent resulting in joint inflammation.

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Shunt (medical)

In medicine, a shunt is a hole or a small passage which moves, or allows movement of, fluid from one part of the body to another.

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Silver is a chemical element with symbol Ag (from the Latin argentum, derived from the Proto-Indo-European ''h₂erǵ'': "shiny" or "white") and atomic number 47.

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Skin is the soft outer tissue covering vertebrates.

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Skin flora

The term skin flora (also commonly referred to as skin microbiota) refers to the microorganisms which reside on the skin, typically human skin.

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Staphylococcus aureus

Staphylococcus aureus is a Gram-positive, round-shaped bacterium that is a member of the Firmicutes, and it is a member of the normal flora of the body, frequently found in the nose, respiratory tract, and on the skin.

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Staphylococcus epidermidis

Staphylococcus epidermidis is a Gram-positive bacterium, and one of over 40 species belonging to the genus Staphylococcus.

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Sulfur or sulphur is a chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16.

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Surgical suture

Surgical suture is a medical device used to hold body tissues together after an injury or surgery.

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Sweat gland

Sweat glands, also known as sudoriferous or sudoriparous glands,, are small tubular structures of the skin that produce sweat.

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Tea tree oil

Tea tree oil, also known as melaleuca oil or ti tree oil, is an essential oil with a fresh camphoraceous odor and a colour that ranges from pale yellow to nearly colourless and clear.

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Tetracycline, sold under the brand name Sumycin among others, is an antibiotic used to treat a number of infections.

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Triclosan (sometimes abbreviated as TCS) is an antibacterial and antifungal agent found in some consumer products, including toothpaste, soaps, detergents, toys, and surgical cleaning treatments.

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Ultraviolet (UV) is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.

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Ventriculostomy is a neurosurgical procedure that involves creating a hole ("stomy") within a cerebral ventricle for drainage.

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Vitis (grapevines) is a genus of 79 accepted species of vining plants in the flowering plant family Vitaceae.

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Redirects here:

Corynebacterium parvum, P acnes, P. acnes, Proprionobacterium acnes.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Propionibacterium_acnes

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