39 relations: Abortion, Asthma, Caesarean section, Cervix, Childbirth, Congenital heart defect, Ductus arteriosus, Ferring Pharmaceuticals, Fever, Glaucoma, Health system, Hypotension, Infant, Intravenous therapy, John Vane, Labor induction, Nail clubbing, National Health Service, Norepinephrine, Osteoblast, Osteoclast, Oxytocin, Patent ductus arteriosus, Pfizer, Platelet, Postpartum bleeding, Prostacyclin, Prostaglandin, Prostaglandin E1, Prostaglandin E2 receptor, Salvador Moncada, Smooth muscle tissue, Suppository, Sympathetic nervous system, Uterine contraction, Vagina, Vasodilation, WHO Model List of Essential Medicines, Wnt signaling pathway.
Abortion is the ending of pregnancy by removing an embryo or fetus before it can survive outside the uterus.
Asthma is a common long-term inflammatory disease of the airways of the lungs.
Caesarean section, also known as C-section or caesarean delivery, is the use of surgery to deliver one or more babies.
The cervix or cervix uteri (neck of the uterus) is the lower part of the uterus in the human female reproductive system.
Childbirth, also known as labour and delivery, is the ending of a pregnancy by one or more babies leaving a woman's uterus by vaginal passage or C-section.
A congenital heart defect (CHD), also known as a congenital heart anomaly or congenital heart disease, is a problem in the structure of the heart that is present at birth.
In the developing fetus, the ductus arteriosus, also called the ductus Botalli, is a blood vessel connecting the main pulmonary artery to the proximal descending aorta.
Ferring Holding SA, better known as Ferring Pharmaceuticals, is a multinational pharmaceutical company that specializes in the development and marketing of drugs for use in human medicine.
Fever, also known as pyrexia and febrile response, is defined as having a temperature above the normal range due to an increase in the body's temperature set-point.
Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases which result in damage to the optic nerve and vision loss.
A health system, also sometimes referred to as health care system or as healthcare system, is the organization of people, institutions, and resources that deliver health care services to meet the health needs of target populations.
Hypotension is low blood pressure, especially in the arteries of the systemic circulation.
An infant (from the Latin word infans, meaning "unable to speak" or "speechless") is the more formal or specialised synonym for "baby", the very young offspring of a human.
Intravenous therapy (IV) is a therapy that delivers liquid substances directly into a vein (intra- + ven- + -ous).
Sir John Robert Vane FRS (29 March 1927 – 19 November 2004) was an English pharmacologist who was instrumental in the understanding of how aspirin produces pain-relief and anti-inflammatory effects and his work led to new treatments for heart and blood vessel disease and introduction of ACE inhibitors.
Labor induction is the process or treatment that stimulates childbirth and delivery.
Nail clubbing, also known as digital clubbing, is a deformity of the finger or toe nails associated with a number of diseases, mostly of the heart and lungs.
The National Health Service (NHS) is the name used for each of the public health services in the United Kingdom – the National Health Service in England, NHS Scotland, NHS Wales, and Health and Social Care in Northern Ireland – as well as a term to describe them collectively.
Norepinephrine (NE), also called noradrenaline (NA) or noradrenalin, is an organic chemical in the catecholamine family that functions in the brain and body as a hormone and neurotransmitter.
Osteoblasts (from the Greek combining forms for "bone", ὀστέο-, osteo- and βλαστάνω, blastanō "germinate") are cells with a single nucleus that synthesize bone.
An osteoclast is a type of bone cell that breaks down bone tissue.
Oxytocin (Oxt) is a peptide hormone and neuropeptide.
Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a condition wherein the ductus arteriosus fails to close after birth.
Pfizer Inc. is an American pharmaceutical conglomerate headquartered in New York City, with its research headquarters in Groton, Connecticut.
Platelets, also called thrombocytes (from Greek θρόμβος, "clot" and κύτος, "cell"), are a component of blood whose function (along with the coagulation factors) is to react to bleeding from blood vessel injury by clumping, thereby initiating a blood clot.
Postpartum bleeding or postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is often defined as the loss of more than 500 ml or 1,000 ml of blood within the first 24 hours following childbirth.
Prostacyclin (also called prostaglandin I2 or PGI2) is a prostaglandin member of the eicosanoid family of lipid molecules.
The prostaglandins (PG) are a group of physiologically active lipid compounds having diverse hormone-like effects in animals.
Prostaglandin E1 (PGE1), also known as alprostadil, is a naturally occurring prostaglandin which is used as a medication.
The prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) receptors are G protein-coupled receptors that bind and are activated by prostaglandin E2.
Sir Salvador Moncada, FRS, FRCP, FMedSci (born 3 December 1944) is a Honduran-British pharmacologist and professor.
Smooth muscle is an involuntary non-striated muscle.
A suppository is a solid dosage form that is inserted into the rectum (rectal suppository), vagina (vaginal suppository), or urethra (urethral suppository), where it dissolves or melts and exerts local or systemic effects.
The sympathetic nervous system (SNS) is one of the two main divisions of the autonomic nervous system, the other being the parasympathetic nervous system.
A uterine contraction is a muscle contraction of the uterine smooth muscle.
In mammals, the vagina is the elastic, muscular part of the female genital tract.
Vasodilation is the widening of blood vessels.
The WHO Model List of Essential Medicines (EML), published by the World Health Organization (WHO), contains the medications considered to be most effective and safe to meet the most important needs in a health system.
The Wnt signaling pathways are a group of signal transduction pathways made of proteins that pass signals into a cell through cell surface receptors.