123 relations: Alcohol, Alpha blocker, Alveolar gland, American Cancer Society, Amyloid, Anal sex, Anatomical terms of location, Anatomy, Ancient Greek, Androgen, Antibiotic, Antihistamine, Anxiolytic, Badger, Bat, Benign prostatic hyperplasia, Biopsy, Body mass index, Cancer, Cause of death, Cengage, Cetacea, Chemical substance, Clinical Cancer Research, Connective tissue, Corpora amylacea, Developed country, Development of the reproductive system, Dihydrotestosterone, Ejaculation, Ejaculatory duct, EN2 (gene), Endoderm, Endodermic evagination, Enzyme, Epidemiology, Epithelium, Excretory duct of seminal gland, Exocrine gland, Fat, Gastropoda, H&E stain, Herbalism, Histology, Homology (biology), Hormone, HPS stain, Human, Inferior hypogastric plexus, Inferior vesical artery, ..., Inflammation, Internal iliac lymph nodes, Internal iliac vein, Internal pudendal artery, Jerry Coyne, Leukocytosis, Male accessory gland, Male reproductive system, Marsupial mole, Marten, Mating plug, Medical ultrasound, Mesenchyme, Mesonephric duct, Micrograph, Middle rectal artery, Minimally invasive procedures, Monotreme, Motility, MSMB, Muscle, Myofascial trigger point, National Cancer Institute, Neuromodulation, Orgasm, Otter, Pathology, Physical therapy, Physiology, Placentalia, Poly(A)-binding protein, Prostate biopsy, Prostate cancer, Prostate-specific antigen, Prostatic acid phosphatase, Prostatic stent, Prostatic urethra, Prostatic venous plexus, Prostatitis, Protease, Protein, Psychotherapy, Pudendal venous plexus, Rectal examination, Red meat, Rodent, Semen, Seminal vesicle, Sex, Skene's gland, Smooth muscle tissue, Spermatozoon, Stroma (tissue), Surgery, Testicle, Testosterone, Transurethral microwave thermotherapy, Transurethral needle ablation of the prostate, Transurethral resection of the prostate, Tubular gland, Urethra, Urinary bladder, Urination, Urine, Urogenital sinus, Vas deferens, Vasectomy, Vegetable, Vesical venous plexus, Vestigiality, Walnut, Xenarthra, Zinc. Expand index (73 more) » « Shrink index
In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a carbon.
Alpha-blockers, also known as α-blockers or α-adrenoreceptor antagonists, are a class of pharmacological agents that act as antagonists on α-adrenergic receptors (α-adrenoceptors).
If glands are categorized by shape, alveolar glands contrast with tubular glands.
The American Cancer Society (ACS) is a nationwide voluntary health organization dedicated to eliminating cancer.
Amyloids are aggregates of proteins that become folded into a shape that allows many copies of that protein to stick together forming fibrils.
Anal sex or anal intercourse is generally the insertion and thrusting of the erect penis into a person's anus, or anus and rectum, for sexual pleasure.
Standard anatomical terms of location deal unambiguously with the anatomy of animals, including humans.
Anatomy (Greek anatomē, “dissection”) is the branch of biology concerned with the study of the structure of organisms and their parts.
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
An androgen (from Greek andr-, the stem of the word meaning "man") is any natural or synthetic steroid hormone which regulates the development and maintenance of male characteristics in vertebrates by binding to androgen receptors.
An antibiotic (from ancient Greek αντιβιοτικά, antibiotiká), also called an antibacterial, is a type of antimicrobial drug used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections.
Antihistamines are drugs which treat allergic rhinitis and other allergies.
An anxiolytic (also antipanic or antianxiety agent) is a medication or other intervention that inhibits anxiety.
Badgers are short-legged omnivores in the family Mustelidae, which also includes the otters, polecats, weasels, and wolverines.
Bats are mammals of the order Chiroptera; with their forelimbs adapted as wings, they are the only mammals naturally capable of true and sustained flight.
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), also called prostate enlargement, is a noncancerous increase in size of the prostate.
A biopsy is a medical test commonly performed by a surgeon, interventional radiologist, or an interventional cardiologist involving extraction of sample cells or tissues for examination to determine the presence or extent of a disease.
The body mass index (BMI) or Quetelet index is a value derived from the mass (weight) and height of an individual.
Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.
In law, medicine, and statistics, cause of death is a term which refers to an official determination of conditions resulting in a human's death.
Cengage is an educational content, technology, and services company for the higher education, K-12, professional, and library markets worldwide.
Cetacea are a widely distributed and diverse clade of aquatic mammals that today consists of the whales, dolphins, and porpoises.
A chemical substance, also known as a pure substance, is a form of matter that consists of molecules of the same composition and structure.
Clinical Cancer Research is a peer-reviewed medical journal on oncology, including the cellular and molecular characterization, prevention, diagnosis, and therapy of human cancer, medical and hematological oncology, radiation therapy, pediatric oncology, pathology, surgical oncology, and clinical genetics.
Connective tissue (CT) is one of the four basic types of animal tissue, along with epithelial tissue, muscle tissue, and nervous tissue.
Corpora amylacea (CA) are small hyaline masses of unknown significance found in the prostate gland, neuroglia, and pulmonary alveoli.
A developed country, industrialized country, more developed country, or "more economically developed country" (MEDC), is a sovereign state that has a highly developed economy and advanced technological infrastructure relative to other less industrialized nations.
The development of the reproductive system is a part of prenatal development, and concerns the sex organs.
Dihydrotestosterone (DHT), or 5α-dihydrotestosterone (5α-DHT), also known as androstanolone or stanolone, is an endogenous androgen sex steroid and hormone.
Ejaculation is the discharge of semen (normally containing sperm) from the male reproductory tract, usually accompanied by orgasm.
The ejaculatory ducts (ductus ejaculatorii) are paired structures in male anatomy.
Homeobox protein engrailed-2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the EN2 gene.
Endoderm is one of the three primary germ layers in the very early embryo.
Endodermic evagination relates to the inner germ layers of cells of the very early embryo, from which is formed the lining of the digestive tract, of other internal organs, and of certain glands, implies the extension of a layer of body tissue to form a pouch, or the turning inside out (protrusion) of some body part or organ from its basic position, for example the para-nasal sinuses are believed to be formed in the fetus by 'ballooning' of the developing nasal canal, and the prostate or Skene's gland formed out of evaginations of the urethra.
Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.
Epidemiology is the study and analysis of the distribution (who, when, and where) and determinants of health and disease conditions in defined populations.
Epithelium is one of the four basic types of animal tissue, along with connective tissue, muscle tissue and nervous tissue.
Each seminal vesicle consists of a single tube, coiled upon itself, and giving off several irregular cecal diverticula; the separate coils, as well as the diverticula, are connected together by fibrous tissue.
Exocrine glands are glands that produce and secrete substances onto an epithelial surface by way of a duct.
Fat is one of the three main macronutrients, along with carbohydrate and protein.
The gastropods, more commonly known as snails and slugs, belong to a large taxonomic class of invertebrates within the phylum Mollusca, called Gastropoda.
Hematoxylin and eosin stain or haematoxylin and eosin stain (H&E stain or HE stain) is one of the principal stains in histology.
Herbalism (also herbal medicine or phytotherapy) is the study of botany and use of plants intended for medicinal purposes or for supplementing a diet.
Histology, also microanatomy, is the study of the anatomy of cells and tissues of plants and animals using microscopy.
In biology, homology is the existence of shared ancestry between a pair of structures, or genes, in different taxa.
A hormone (from the Greek participle “ὁρμῶ”, "to set in motion, urge on") is any member of a class of signaling molecules produced by glands in multicellular organisms that are transported by the circulatory system to target distant organs to regulate physiology and behaviour.
In histology, the HPS stain, or hematoxylin phloxine saffron stain, is a way of marking tissues.
Humans (taxonomically Homo sapiens) are the only extant members of the subtribe Hominina.
The inferior hypogastric plexus (pelvic plexus in some texts) is a plexus of nerves that supplies the viscera of the pelvic cavity.
The inferior vesical artery is an artery in the pelvis that supplies the lower part of the bladder.
Inflammation (from inflammatio) is part of the complex biological response of body tissues to harmful stimuli, such as pathogens, damaged cells, or irritants, and is a protective response involving immune cells, blood vessels, and molecular mediators.
The internal iliac lymph nodes (or hypogastric) surround the internal iliac artery and its branches (the hypogastric vessels), and receive the lymphatics corresponding to the distribution of the branches of it, i. e., they receive lymphatics from all the pelvic viscera, from the deeper parts of the perineum, including the membranous and cavernous portions of the urethra, and from the buttock and back of the thigh.
The internal iliac vein (hypogastric vein) begins near the upper part of the greater sciatic foramen, passes upward behind and slightly medial to the Internal iliac artery and, at the brim of the pelvis, joins with the external iliac vein to form the common iliac vein.
The internal pudendal artery is one of the three pudendal arteries that branches off the internal iliac artery, providing blood to the external genitalia.
Jerry Allen Coyne (born December 30, 1949) is an American biologist, known for his work on speciation and his commentary on intelligent design.
Leukocytosis is white cells (the leukocyte count) above the normal range in the blood.
Male accessory glands (MAG) in humans are the seminal vesicles, prostate gland, and the bulbourethral glands (also called Cowper's glands).
The male reproductive system consists of a number of sex organs that play a role in the process of human reproduction.
Marsupial moles (Notoryctidae) are specialized marsupial mammals, known from two species distributed in the Australian interior.
The martens constitute the genus Martes within the subfamily Mustelinae, in the family Mustelidae.
A mating plug in a female Richardson's ground squirrel (''Spermophilus richardsonii'') A mating plug, also known as a copulation plug, sperm plug, vaginal plug, sement or sphragis (Latin, from Greek σφραγίδα 'sfragida' a seal), is gelatinous secretion used in the mating of some species.
Medical ultrasound (also known as diagnostic sonography or ultrasonography) is a diagnostic imaging technique based on the application of ultrasound.
Mesenchyme, in vertebrate embryology, is a type of connective tissue found mostly during the development of the embryo.
The mesonephric duct (also known as the Wolffian duct, archinephric duct, Leydig's duct or nephric duct) is a paired organ found in mammals including humans during embryogenesis.
A micrograph or photomicrograph is a photograph or digital image taken through a microscope or similar device to show a magnified image of an item.
The middle rectal artery is an artery in the pelvis that supplies blood to the rectum.
Minimally invasive procedures (also known as minimally invasive surgeries) encompass surgical techniques that limit the size of incisions needed and so lessen wound healing time, associated pain and risk of infection.
Monotremes are one of the three main groups of living mammals, along with placentals (Eutheria) and marsupials (Metatheria).
Motility is the ability of an organism to move independently, using metabolic energy.
Beta-microseminoprotein is a protein that in humans is encoded by the MSMB gene.
Muscle is a soft tissue found in most animals.
Myofascial trigger points, also known as trigger points, are described as hyperirritable spots in the fascia surrounding skeletal muscle.
The National Cancer Institute (NCI) is part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), which is one of eleven agencies that are part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
Neuromodulation is the physiological process by which a given neuron uses one or more chemicals to regulate diverse populations of neurons.
Orgasm (from Greek ὀργασμός orgasmos "excitement, swelling"; also sexual climax) is the sudden discharge of accumulated sexual excitement during the sexual response cycle, resulting in rhythmic muscular contractions in the pelvic region characterized by sexual pleasure.
Otters are carnivorous mammals in the subfamily Lutrinae.
Pathology (from the Ancient Greek roots of pathos (πάθος), meaning "experience" or "suffering" and -logia (-λογία), "study of") is a significant field in modern medical diagnosis and medical research, concerned mainly with the causal study of disease, whether caused by pathogens or non-infectious physiological disorder.
Physical therapy (PT), also known as physiotherapy, is one of the allied health professions that, by using mechanical force and movements (bio-mechanics or kinesiology), manual therapy, exercise therapy, and electrotherapy, remediates impairments and promotes mobility and function.
Physiology is the scientific study of normal mechanisms, and their interactions, which work within a living system.
Placentalia ("Placentals") is one of the three extant subdivisions of the class of animals Mammalia; the other two are Monotremata and Marsupialia.
Poly(A)-binding protein (PAB or PABP) is a RNA-binding protein which binds to the poly(A) tail of mRNA.
Prostate biopsy is a procedure in which small hollow needle-core samples are removed from a man's prostate gland to be examined for the presence of prostate cancer.
Prostate cancer is the development of cancer in the prostate, a gland in the male reproductive system.
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA), also known as gamma-seminoprotein or kallikrein-3 (KLK3), is a glycoprotein enzyme encoded in humans by the KLK3 gene. PSA is a member of the kallikrein-related peptidase family and is secreted by the epithelial cells of the prostate gland. PSA is produced for the ejaculate, where it liquefies semen in the seminal coagulum and allows sperm to swim freely. It is also believed to be instrumental in dissolving cervical mucus, allowing the entry of sperm into the uterus. PSA is present in small quantities in the serum of men with healthy prostates, but is often elevated in the presence of prostate cancer or other prostate disorders. PSA is not a unique indicator of prostate cancer, but may also detect prostatitis or benign prostatic hyperplasia.
Prostatic acid phosphatase (PAP), also prostatic specific acid phosphatase (PSAP), is an enzyme produced by the prostate.
A prostatic stent is a stent used to keep open the male urethra and allow the passing of urine in cases of prostatic obstruction and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS).
The prostatic urethra, the widest and most dilatable part of the urethra canal, is about 3 cm long.
The prostatic veins form a well-marked prostatic plexus which lies partly in the fascial sheath of the prostate and partly between the sheath and the prostatic capsule.
Prostatitis is inflammation of the prostate gland.
A protease (also called a peptidase or proteinase) is an enzyme that performs proteolysis: protein catabolism by hydrolysis of peptide bonds.
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
Psychotherapy is the use of psychological methods, particularly when based on regular personal interaction, to help a person change behavior and overcome problems in desired ways.
The pudendal venous plexus (vesicoprostatic plexus) lies behind the arcuate pubic ligament and the lower part of the pubic symphysis, and in front of the bladder and prostate.
A rectal examination, commonly called a prostate exam, is an internal examination of the rectum, performed by a healthcare provider.
In gastronomy, red meat is commonly red when raw and a dark color after it is cooked, in contrast to white meat, which is pale in color before and after cooking.
Rodents (from Latin rodere, "to gnaw") are mammals of the order Rodentia, which are characterized by a single pair of continuously growing incisors in each of the upper and lower jaws.
Semen, also known as seminal fluid, is an organic fluid that may contain spermatozoa.
The seminal vesicles (glandulae vesiculosae), vesicular glands, or seminal glands, are a pair of simple tubular glands posteroinferior to the urinary bladder of some male mammals.
Organisms of many species are specialized into male and female varieties, each known as a sex. Sexual reproduction involves the combining and mixing of genetic traits: specialized cells known as gametes combine to form offspring that inherit traits from each parent.
In female human anatomy, Skene's glands or the Skene glands (also known as the lesser vestibular glands, periurethral glands, paraurethral glands, or homologous female prostate) are glands located on the anterior wall of the vagina, around the lower end of the urethra.
Smooth muscle is an involuntary non-striated muscle.
A spermatozoon (pronounced, alternate spelling spermatozoön; plural spermatozoa; from σπέρμα "seed" and ζῷον "living being") is a motile sperm cell, or moving form of the haploid cell that is the male gamete.
Stroma is the part of a tissue or organ with a structural or connective role.
Surgery (from the χειρουργική cheirourgikē (composed of χείρ, "hand", and ἔργον, "work"), via chirurgiae, meaning "hand work") is a medical specialty that uses operative manual and instrumental techniques on a patient to investigate or treat a pathological condition such as a disease or injury, to help improve bodily function or appearance or to repair unwanted ruptured areas.
The testicle or testis is the male reproductive gland in all animals, including humans.
Testosterone is the primary male sex hormone and an anabolic steroid.
Transurethral microwave thermotherapy (TUMT) is one of a number of effective and safe procedures used in the treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) caused by benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).
Transurethral needle ablation (also called TUNA or transurethral radiofrequency ablation) is a technique that uses low energy radio frequency delivered through two needles to ablate excess prostate tissue.
Transurethral resection of the prostate (commonly known as a TURP, plural TURPs, and rarely as a transurethral prostatic resection, TUPR) is a urological operation.
If glands are categorized by shape, tubular glands contrast with alveolar glands.
In anatomy, the urethra (from Greek οὐρήθρα – ourḗthrā) is a tube that connects the urinary bladder to the urinary meatus for the removal of urine from the body.
The urinary bladder is a hollow muscular organ in humans and some other animals that collects and stores urine from the kidneys before disposal by urination.
Urination is the release of urine from the urinary bladder through the urethra to the outside of the body.
Urine is a liquid by-product of metabolism in humans and in many animals.
The urogenital sinus is a part of the human body only present in the development of the urinary and reproductive organs.
The vas deferens (Latin: "carrying-away vessel"; plural: vasa deferentia), also called ductus deferens (Latin: "carrying-away duct"; plural: ductus deferentes), is part of the male reproductive system of many vertebrates; these vasa transport sperm from the epididymis to the ejaculatory ducts in anticipation of ejaculation.
Vasectomy is a surgical procedure for male sterilization or permanent contraception.
Vegetables are parts of plants that are consumed by humans as food as part of a meal.
The vesical plexus envelops the lower part of the bladder and the base of the prostate and communicates with the pudendal and prostatic plexuses.
Vestigiality is the retention during the process of evolution of genetically determined structures or attributes that have lost some or all of their ancestral function in a given species.
A walnut is the nut of any tree of the genus Juglans (Family Juglandaceae), particularly the Persian or English walnut, Juglans regia.
The superorder Xenarthra is a group of placental mammals, extant today only in the Americas and represented by anteaters, tree sloths, and armadillos.
Zinc is a chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30.
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