82 relations: Africa, Alliance for Zero Extinction, Australia, Biodiversity, Biodiversity hotspot, Biome, Biosphere reserves of India, Birds Directive, Bogd Khan Mountain, Centres of Plant Diversity, Communal forests of India, Consensus decision-making, Conservation area (United Kingdom), Conservation areas of India, Conservation designation, Conservation refugee, Conservation reserves and community reserves of India, Crisis ecoregion, Declaration of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment, Do not feed the animals, Earth Summit, Ecology, Ecoregion, Ecosystem, Ecosystem services, Endangered species, Endemic Bird Area, Europe, European Union, Forest cover, Fossil park, Global 200, Global warming, Habitats Directive, Historic district, Important Bird Area, India, Indigenous and community conserved area, Indigenous Protected Area, Industrial Revolution, International Union for Conservation of Nature, IUCN protected area categories, Johannesburg Declaration, Key Biodiversity Area, Lake Nicaragua, Last of the Wild, List of largest protected areas, Listed building, Marine protected area, Mesoamerican Biological Corridor, ..., Millennium Development Goals, National park, Natura 2000, Natural monument, Natural resource, Nature reserve, New Zealand, Non-governmental organization, North America, Pacific Ocean, Private protected area, Private protected areas of India, Protected areas of India, Qianlong Emperor, Qing dynasty, Reserved forests and protected forests of India, Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, South Africa, Special Area of Conservation, Special Protection Area, Strict nature reserve, Tobago, Transboundary protected area, United Nations Conference on the Human Environment, United Nations Environment Programme, Urban heritage park, Wildlife sanctuaries of India, World Charter for Nature, World Commission on Protected Areas, World Conservation Monitoring Centre, World Database on Protected Areas, Zakaznik. Expand index (32 more) » « Shrink index
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
Formed in 2000 and launched globally in 2005, the Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) comprises 100 non-governmental biodiversity conservation organizations working to prevent species extinctions by identifying and safeguarding sites where species evaluated to be Endangered or Critically Endangered under International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) criteria only exist at one location on earth.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
Biodiversity, a portmanteau of biological (life) and diversity, generally refers to the variety and variability of life on Earth.
A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with significant levels of biodiversity that is threatened with destruction.
A biome is a community of plants and animals that have common characteristics for the environment they exist in.
The Indian government has established 18 Biosphere Reserves in India, (categories roughly corresponding to IUCN Category V Protected areas), which protect larger areas of natural habitat (than a National Park or Animal Sanctuary), and often include one or more National Parks or preserves, along with buffer zones that are open to some economic uses.
The Birds Directive (formally known as Council Directive 2009/147/EC on the conservation of wild birds) is a European Union directive adopted in 2009.
The Bogd Khan Mountain (Mongolian: Богд хан уул, lit. "Saint Khan Mountain") is a mountain in Mongolia that overlooks the nation's capital, Ulaanbaatar, from a height of 3000 feet (914 m) above and to the south of the city.
Centres of Plant Diversity (CPD) was established in 1998 as a joint classification initiative between the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and the International Union for the Conservation of Nature intended to identify the areas in the world that are of the highest conservation value in terms of protecting the highest number of plant species.
An "Important Common Forest" in India is a specific term which refers to forests governed by local communities in a way compatible with sustainable development, and can be of various types.
Consensus decision-making is a group decision-making process in which group members develop, and agree to support a decision in the best interest of the whole.
In the United Kingdom, the term conservation area nearly always applies to an area (usually urban or the core of a village) considered worthy of preservation or enhancement because of its special architectural or historic interest.
Conservation Areas in India refer to well-demarcated large geographical entities with an established conservation plan, and were part of a joint Indo-US project on "landscape management and protection".
A conservation designation is a name and/or acronym which explains the status of an area of land in terms of conservation or protection.
Conservation refugees are people, usually indigenous, who are displaced from their native lands when conservation areas are created, such as parks and other protected areas.
Conservation reserves and community reserves in India are terms denoting protected areas of India which typically act as buffer zones to or connectors and migration corridors between established national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and reserved and protected forests of India.
A crisis ecoregion is a terrestrial biome facing significant threat to its biodiversity and requiring well directed conservation efforts in order to curb the irreversible loss of plant and animal species and their surrounding habitats.
The Declaration of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment, or Stockholm Declaration, was adopted June 16, 1972 by the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment at the 21st plenary meeting as the first document in international environmental law to recognize the right to a healthy environment.
The prohibition "do not feed the animals" reflects a policy forbidding the artificial feeding of wildlife (wild or feral animals) in situations where the animals, or the people doing the feeding, might be harmed.
The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), also known as the Rio de Janeiro Earth Summit, the Rio Summit, the Rio Conference, and the Earth Summit (Portuguese: ECO92), was a major United Nations conference held in Rio de Janeiro from 3 to 14 June 1992.
Ecology (from οἶκος, "house", or "environment"; -λογία, "study of") is the branch of biology which studies the interactions among organisms and their environment.
An ecoregion (ecological region) is an ecologically and geographically defined area that is smaller than a bioregion, which in turn is smaller than an ecozone.
An ecosystem is a community made up of living organisms and nonliving components such as air, water, and mineral soil.
Ecosystem services are the many and varied benefits that humans freely gain from the natural environment and from properly-functioning ecosystems.
An endangered species is a species which has been categorized as very likely to become extinct.
An Endemic Bird Area (EBA) is an area of land identified by BirdLife International as being important for habitat-based bird conservation because it contains the habitats of restricted-range bird species (see below for definition), which are thereby endemic to them.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
Forest cover in general refers to the relative (in percent) or absolute (in square kilometers/square miles) land area that is covered by forests or the forest canopy or open woodland.
A fossil park is a protected area with rich deposits of fossils.
The Global 200 is the list of ecoregions identified by WWF, the global conservation organization, as priorities for conservation.
Global warming, also referred to as climate change, is the observed century-scale rise in the average temperature of the Earth's climate system and its related effects.
The Habitats Directive (more formally known as Council Directive 92/43/EEC on the Conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora) is a European Union directive adopted in 1992 as an EU response to the Berne Convention.
A historic district or heritage district is a section of a city which contains older buildings considered valuable for historical or architectural reasons.
An Important Bird and Biodiversity Area (IBA) is an area identified using an internationally agreed set of criteria as being globally important for the conservation of bird populations.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Indigenous and community conserved areas (ICCAs), or indigenous peoples’ and community conserved territories and areas, are spaces de facto governed by indigenous peoples or local communities with evidently positive outcomes for the conservation of biological and cultural diversity.
An Indigenous Protected Area is a class of protected area used in Australia formed by agreement with Indigenous Australians, declared by Indigenous Australians, and formally recognised by the Australian Government as being part of its National Reserve System.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN; officially International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources) is an international organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources.
IUCN protected area categories, or IUCN protected area management categories, are categories used to classify protected areas in a system developed by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
The Johannesburg Declaration on Sustainable Development was adopted at the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD), sometimes referred to as Earth Summit 2002, at which the Plan of Implementation of the World Summit on Sustainable Development was also agreed upon.
The Key Biodiversity Areas (KBA) approach helps to identify and designate areas of international importance in terms of biodiversity conservation using globally standardised criteria.
Lake Nicaragua or Cocibolca or Granada (Lago de Nicaragua, Lago Cocibolca, Mar Dulce, Gran Lago, Gran Lago Dulce, or Lago de Granada) is a freshwater lake in Nicaragua.
Last of the Wild is an initiative created in 2002 on behalf of the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and the Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) at Columbia University to identify the last remaining 'wild' areas on the earth's land surface, measured by human influence.
The World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) is compiled and managed by the World Conservation Monitoring Centre, an executive agency of the United Nations Environment Programme.
A listed building, or listed structure, is one that has been placed on one of the four statutory lists maintained by Historic England in England, Historic Environment Scotland in Scotland, Cadw in Wales, and the Northern Ireland Environment Agency in Northern Ireland.
Marine protected areas (MPA) are protected areas of seas, oceans, estuaries or large lakes.
The Mesoamerican Biological Corridor (MBC) is a region that consists of Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, and some southern states of Mexico.
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) were the eight international development goals for the year 2015 that had been established following the Millennium Summit of the United Nations in 2000, following the adoption of the United Nations Millennium Declaration.
A national park is a park in use for conservation purposes.
Natura 2000 is a network of nature protection areas in the territory of the European Union.
A natural monument is a natural or natural/cultural feature of outstanding or unique value because of its inherent rarity, representative of aesthetic qualities or cultural significance.
Natural resources are resources that exist without actions of humankind.
A nature reserve (also called a natural reserve, bioreserve, (natural/nature) preserve, or (national/nature) conserve) is a protected area of importance for wildlife, flora, fauna or features of geological or other special interest, which is reserved and managed for conservation and to provide special opportunities for study or research.
New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
Non-governmental organizations, nongovernmental organizations, or nongovernment organizations, commonly referred to as NGOs, are usually non-profit and sometimes international organizations independent of governments and international governmental organizations (though often funded by governments) that are active in humanitarian, educational, health care, public policy, social, human rights, environmental, and other areas to effect changes according to their objectives.
North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.
The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth's oceanic divisions.
A Private Protected Area, also known as a Private Reserve, is not an official category within IUCN's Protected Area guidelines, but includes those protected areas that fall under geographical space that is privately owned, 'kept aside' for public benefit, and will be likely to fall into any one of the IUCN Protected Area Management Categories.
Private protected areas of India refer to protected areas inside India whose land rights are owned by an individual or a corporation / organization, and where the habitat and resident species are offered some kind of protection from exploitative activities like hunting, logging, etc.
As of May 2004, the protected areas of India cover, roughly 4.95% of the total surface area.
The Qianlong Emperor (25 September 1711 – 7 February 1799) was the sixth emperor of the Manchu-led Qing dynasty, and the fourth Qing emperor to rule over China proper.
The Qing dynasty, also known as the Qing Empire, officially the Great Qing, was the last imperial dynasty of China, established in 1636 and ruling China from 1644 to 1912.
A reserved forest (also called reserve forest) or a protected forest in India are terms denoting forests accorded a certain degree of protection.
The Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, often shortened to Rio Declaration, was a short document produced at the 1992 United Nations "Conference on Environment and Development" (UNCED), informally known as the Earth Summit.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
A Special Area of Conservation (SAC) is defined in the European Union's Habitats Directive (92/43/EEC), also known as the Directive on the Conservation of Natural Habitats and of Wild Fauna and Flora.
A Special Protection Area (SPA) is a designation under the European Union Directive on the Conservation of Wild Birds.
A strict nature reserve (IUCN category Ia) or wilderness area (IUCN category Ib) is the highest category of protected area recognised by the World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA), a body which is part of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
Tobago is an autonomous island within the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago.
A transboundary protected area (TBPA) is a protected area that spans boundaries of more than one country or sub-national entity, where the political border sections that are enclosed within its area are abolished.
The United Nations Conference on the Human Environment was held in Stockholm, Sweden from June 5–16 in 1972.
The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is an agency of United Nations and coordinates its environmental activities, assisting developing countries in implementing environmentally sound policies and practices.
An urban heritage park, as used to describe Castlefield, in Manchester has no official status.
Wildlife sanctuaries are established by IUCN category IV protected areas.
World Charter for Nature was adopted by United Nations member nation-states on October 28, 1982.
The World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA) is one of six commissions of the IUCN (World Conservation Union).
The UN Environment World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC) is an executive agency of the United Nations Environment Programme, based in Cambridge in the United Kingdom.
The World Database on Protected Areas is the largest assembly of data on the world's terrestrial and marine protected areas, containing more than 200,000 protected areas as of October 2017, with records covering 245 countries and territories throughout the world.
Zakaznik (зака́зник, зака́зники, transliterated: zakaznik, zakazniki; singular: заказни́к or зака́зник; plural: заказники́ or зака́зники, transliterated: zakaznyk, zakaznyky; Belarusian: заказнік, заказнікі, transliterated: zakaznik, zakazniki) is a type of protected area in Russia and some other former Soviet republics such as Belarus and Ukraine that meets World Conservation Union's (IUCN) category IV, or more frequently category VI criteria.
Conservancy, Conservation Area, Conservation Areas, Conservation area, Conservation village, Protected Area, Protected Areas, Protected Landscape, Protected Seascape, Protected areas, Protected landscape, Protected landscape areas, Protected seascape, Terrestrial protected area, Wildlife area, Wildlife conservancy.