30 relations: Allele, Alternation of generations, Antheridium, Archegonium, Dominance (genetics), Egg cell, Fern, Fertilisation, Gametophyte, Genetics, Germination, Greek language, Latin, Marchantiophyta, Meiosis, Mitosis, Moss, Mutation, Organism, Photosynthesis, Ploidy, Pteridophyte, Rhizoid, Saprotrophic nutrition, Sorus, Sperm, Sphagnum, Spore, Sporophyte, Zygote.
An allele is a variant form of a given gene.
Alternation of generations (also known as metagenesis) is the type of life cycle that occurs in those plants and algae in the Archaeplastida and the Heterokontophyta that have distinct sexual haploid and asexual diploid stages.
An antheridium is a haploid structure or organ producing and containing male gametes (called antherozoids or sperm).
An archegonium (pl: archegonia), from the ancient Greek ἀρχή ("beginning") and γόνος ("offspring"), is a multicellular structure or organ of the gametophyte phase of certain plants, producing and containing the ovum or female gamete.
Dominance in genetics is a relationship between alleles of one gene, in which the effect on phenotype of one allele masks the contribution of a second allele at the same locus.
The egg cell, or ovum (plural ova), is the female reproductive cell (gamete) in oogamous organisms.
A fern is a member of a group of vascular plants that reproduce via spores and have neither seeds nor flowers.
Fertilisation or fertilization (see spelling differences), also known as generative fertilisation, conception, fecundation, syngamy and impregnation, is the fusion of gametes to initiate the development of a new individual organism.
A gametophyte is one of the two alternating phases in the life cycle of plants and algae.
Genetics is the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity in living organisms.
Germination is the process by which an organism grows from a seed or similar structure.
Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
The Marchantiophyta are a division of non-vascular land plants commonly referred to as hepatics or liverworts.
Meiosis (from Greek μείωσις, meiosis, which means lessening) is a specialized type of cell division that reduces the chromosome number by half, creating four haploid cells, each genetically distinct from the parent cell that gave rise to them.
In cell biology, mitosis is a part of the cell cycle when replicated chromosomes are separated into two new nuclei.
Mosses are small flowerless plants that typically grow in dense green clumps or mats, often in damp or shady locations.
In biology, a mutation is the permanent alteration of the nucleotide sequence of the genome of an organism, virus, or extrachromosomal DNA or other genetic elements.
In biology, an organism (from Greek: ὀργανισμός, organismos) is any individual entity that exhibits the properties of life.
Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light energy into chemical energy that can later be released to fuel the organisms' activities (energy transformation).
Ploidy is the number of complete sets of chromosomes in a cell, and hence the number of possible alleles for autosomal and pseudoautosomal genes.
A pteridophyte is a vascular plant (with xylem and phloem) that disperses spores (and lacks seeds).
Rhizoids are protuberances that extend from the lower epidermal cells of bryophytes and algae.
Saprotrophic nutrition or lysotrophic nutrition is a process of chemoheterotrophic extracellular digestion involved in the processing of decayed (dead or waste) organic matter.
A sorus (pl. sori) is a cluster of sporangia (structures producing and containing spores) in ferns and fungi.
Sperm is the male reproductive cell and is derived from the Greek word (σπέρμα) sperma (meaning "seed").
Sphagnum is a genus of approximately 380 accepted species of mosses, commonly known as peat moss.
In biology, a spore is a unit of sexual or asexual reproduction that may be adapted for dispersal and for survival, often for extended periods of time, in unfavourable conditions.
A sporophyte is the diploid multicellular stage in the life cycle of a plant or alga.
A zygote (from Greek ζυγωτός zygōtos "joined" or "yoked", from ζυγοῦν zygoun "to join" or "to yoke") is a eukaryotic cell formed by a fertilization event between two gametes.