66 relations: Acid rain, AMC-14, Ariane 5, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Baikonur Cosmodrome Site 200, Baikonur Cosmodrome Site 81, Blok D, Blok DM-03, Briz (rocket stage), Comparison of orbital launch systems, Delta IV Heavy, Dinitrogen tetroxide, DirecTV-10, Dmitry Rogozin, Ekspress, Ekspress AM4, Ekspress MD2, European Robotic Arm, ExoMars, Falcon 9, Geostationary transfer orbit, Geosynchronous orbit, GLONASS, Government of Russia, GRAU, H-IIB, Heavy-lift launch vehicle, Hypergolic propellant, Inmarsat, International Launch Services, International Space Station, JCSAT-11, Joint-stock company, Kazakhstan, Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center, Liquid oxygen, Liquid-propellant rocket, List of Proton launches, Long March 5, Low Earth orbit, Mass, Nauka (ISS module), Orbit insertion, Orbital maneuver, Payload fairing, Progress MS-04, Proton (rocket family), RD-0210, RD-0214, RD-253, ..., RD-58, RP-1, S5.98M, Second, Soviet Union, Spaceflight, Telkom-3, Thrust vectoring, Tonne, Ulytau District, United Rocket and Space Corporation, Universal Rocket, Unsymmetrical dimethylhydrazine, Vernier thruster, Yamal-402, Yaw (rotation). Expand index (16 more) » « Shrink index
Acid rain is a rain or any other form of precipitation that is unusually acidic, meaning that it has elevated levels of hydrogen ions (low pH).
AMC-14 is a communications satellite.
Ariane 5 is a European heavy-lift launch vehicle that is part of the Ariane rocket family, an expendable launch system used to deliver payloads into geostationary transfer orbit (GTO) or low Earth orbit (LEO).
Baikonur Cosmodrome (translit; translit) is a spaceport located in an area of southern Kazakhstan leased to Russia.
Site 200 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome is a launch site used by Proton rockets.
Site 81 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome is a launch site used, along with Site 200, by Proton rockets.
Blok D (Блок Д meaning Block D) is an upper stage used on Soviet and later Russian expendable launch systems, including the N1, Proton-K and Zenit.
The Blok DM-03 (Блок ДМ-03 meaning Block DM-03), GRAU index 11S861-03, is a Russian upper stage used as an optional fourth stage on the Proton-M carrier rocket.
The Briz-K, Briz-KM and Briz-M (Бриз-К, КM and M meaning Breeze-K, KM and M) are Russian liquid-propellant rocket orbit insertion upper stages manufactured by Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center and used on the Proton-M, Angara A5 or Rokot, one of Russia's smaller launchers.
This is a comparison of orbital launch systems.
The Delta IV Heavy (Delta 9250H) is an expendable heavy-lift launch vehicle, the largest type of the Delta IV family, and is the world's second highest-capacity rocket in operation, with a payload capacity half of SpaceX's Falcon Heavy rocket.
Dinitrogen tetroxide, commonly referred to as nitrogen tetroxide, is the chemical compound N2O4.
DirecTV-10 is a Boeing model 702 direct broadcast satellite that provides high definition television (HDTV) to DirecTV subscribers in North America.
Dmitry Olegovich Rogozin (Дми́трий Оле́гович Рого́зин; born 21 December 1963) is a Russian politician, currently serve as Director General of, Roscosmos.
Ekspress (Экспресс meaning Express), is a series of geostationary communications satellites owned by Russian State Company for Satellite Communications.
Ekspress AM4 was a communications satellite placed into the wrong orbit from a faulty Briz-M rocket stage.
Ekspress MD2 is a Russian communications satellite which was lost due to a launch failure on 6 August 2012.
The European Robotic Arm (ERA) is a robotic arm to be attached to the Russian segment of the International Space Station.
ExoMars (Exobiology on Mars) is a two-part astrobiology project to search for evidence of life on Mars, a joint mission of the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Russian space agency Roscosmos.
Falcon 9 is a family of two-stage-to-orbit medium lift launch vehicles, named for its use of nine Merlin first-stage engines, designed and manufactured by SpaceX.
A geosynchronous transfer orbit or geostationary transfer orbit (GTO) is a Hohmann transfer orbit—an elliptical orbit used to transfer between two circular orbits of different radii in the same plane—used to reach geosynchronous or geostationary orbit using high-thrust chemical engines.
A geosynchronous orbit (sometimes abbreviated GSO) is an orbit around Earth of a satellite with an orbital period that matches Earth's rotation on its axis, which takes one sidereal day (23 hours, 56 minutes, and 4 seconds).
GLONASS (ГЛОНАСС,; Глобальная навигационная спутниковая система; transliteration), or "Global Navigation Satellite System", is a space-based satellite navigation system operating in the radionavigation-satellite service.
The Government of Russia exercises executive power in the Russian Federation.
The Main Missile and Artillery Directorate of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation (GRAU) (translit) is a department of the Russian (ex-Soviet) Ministry of Defense.
H-IIB (H2B) is an expendable launch system used to launch H-II Transfer Vehicles (HTV, or Kounotori) towards the International Space Station.
A heavy-lift launch vehicle, HLV or HLLV, is an orbital launch vehicle capable of lifting between 20,000 to 50,000 kg to low Earth orbit (LEO).
A hypergolic propellant combination used in a rocket engine is one whose components spontaneously ignite when they come into contact with each other.
Inmarsat plc is a British satellite telecommunications company, offering global mobile services.
The International Space Station (ISS) is a space station, or a habitable artificial satellite, in low Earth orbit.
JCSAT-11, was a geostationary communications satellite ordered by JSAT Corporation (now SKY Perfect JSAT Group) which was designed and manufactured by Lockheed Martin on the A2100 platform.
A joint-stock company is a business entity in which shares of the company's stock can be bought and sold by shareholders.
Kazakhstan (Qazaqstan,; kəzɐxˈstan), officially the Republic of Kazakhstan (Qazaqstan Respýblıkasy; Respublika Kazakhstan), is the world's largest landlocked country, and the ninth largest in the world, with an area of.
Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center (ГКНПЦ им. М. В. Хру́ничева in Russian) is a Moscow-based producer of spacecraft and space-launch systems, including the Proton and Rokot rockets.
Liquid oxygen—abbreviated LOx, LOX or Lox in the aerospace, submarine and gas industries—is one of the physical forms of elemental oxygen.
A liquid-propellant rocket or liquid rocket is a rocket engine that uses liquid propellants.
, rockets of the UR-500 / Proton family have accumulated 416 launches since 1965, 369 of which were successful, yielding a success rate.
Long March 5 (LM-5, CZ-5, or Changzheng 5) is a Chinese heavy lift launch system developed by China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology (CALT).
A low Earth orbit (LEO) is an orbit around Earth with an altitude of or less, and with an orbital period of between about 84 and 127 minutes.
Mass is both a property of a physical body and a measure of its resistance to acceleration (a change in its state of motion) when a net force is applied.
Nauka (Нау́ка; lit. Science), also known as the Multipurpose Laboratory Module (MLM), (Russian: Многофункциональный лабораторный модуль, or МЛМ), is a component of the International Space Station (ISS) which has not yet been launched into space.
Orbit insertion is the spaceflight operation of adjusting a spacecraft’s momentum, in particular to allow for entry into a stable orbit around a planet, moon, or other celestial body.
In spaceflight, an orbital maneuver (otherwise known as a burn) is the use of propulsion systems to change the orbit of a spacecraft.
A payload fairing is a nose cone used to protect a spacecraft (launch vehicle payload) against the impact of dynamic pressure and aerodynamic heating during launch through an atmosphere.
Progress MS-04, identified by NASA as Progress 65 or 65P, was a Progress cargo spacecraft launched by Roscosmos in an unsuccessful attempt to resupply the International Space Station (ISS).
Proton (Russian: Протон) (formal designation: UR-500) is an expendable launch system used for both commercial and Russian government space launches.
The RD-0210 (GRAU Index: 8D411K) is also known as the RD-465.
The RD-0214 (GRAU Index: 8D811) is a rocket vernier engine burning N2O4 and UDMH in a gas generator cycle.
The RD-253 (Раке́тный дви́гатель 253, Rocket Engine 253) and its later variants, the RD-275 and RD-275M, are liquid-propellant rocket engines developed in the Soviet Union by Energomash.
The RD-58 (manufacturer designation 11D58) was a rocket engine, developed in the 1960s by OKB-1, now RKK Energia.
RP-1 (alternately, Rocket Propellant-1 or Refined Petroleum-1) is a highly refined form of kerosene outwardly similar to jet fuel, used as rocket fuel.
The S5.98M, also known as the 14D30, is a Russian rocket engine, currently powering the Briz upper stages.
The second is the SI base unit of time, commonly understood and historically defined as 1/86,400 of a day – this factor derived from the division of the day first into 24 hours, then to 60 minutes and finally to 60 seconds each.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Spaceflight (also written space flight) is ballistic flight into or through outer space.
Telkom-3 is an Indonesian communications satellite which was lost due to a launch failure on 6 August 2012.
Thrust vectoring, also thrust vector control or TVC, is the ability of an aircraft, rocket, or other vehicle to manipulate the direction of the thrust from its engine(s) or motor(s) in order to control the attitude or angular velocity of the vehicle.
The tonne (Non-SI unit, symbol: t), commonly referred to as the metric ton in the United States, is a non-SI metric unit of mass equal to 1,000 kilograms;.
Ulytau District (Ұлытау ауданы) is a district of Karaganda Region in central Kazakhstan.
The United Rocket and Space Corporation (Объединенная ракетно-космическая корпорация) or URSC was a Russian joint-stock corporation formed by the Russian government in 2013 to renationalize the Russian space sector.
The Universal Rocket or UR family of missiles and carrier rockets is a Russian, previously Soviet rocket family.
Unsymmetrical dimethylhydrazine (UDMH; 1,1-dimethylhydrazine) is a chemical compound with the formula H2NN(CH3)2.
A vernier thruster is a rocket engine used on a spacecraft for fine adjustments to the attitude or velocity of a spacecraft.
Yamal-402 is a Russian geostationary communications satellite.
A yaw rotation is a movement around the yaw axis of a rigid body that changes the direction it is pointing, to the left or right of its direction of motion.