280 relations: -monas, Acidovorax citrulli, Acidovorax delafieldii, Acidovorax facilis, Acinetobacter, Aerobic organism, Aeromonas, Aeromonas caviae, Agar plate, Aminobacter aminovorans, Ancient Greek, Antibiotic, Antimicrobial resistance, Aromaticity, Bacillus (shape), Bacteria, Bacteriophage, Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Biofilm, Biological pest control, Bioremediation, Bradyrhizobium, Burkholderia, Burkholderia cepacia complex, Burkholderia gladioli, Burkholderia glumae, Burkholderia mallei, Burkholderia plantarii, Burkholderia pseudomallei, Burkholderia pyrrocinia, Caballeronia glathei, Carbazole, Carbon tetrachloride, Cell wall, Chromohalobacter, Ciprofloxacin, Citrate test, Cobetia marina, Comamonadaceae, Comamonas acidovorans, Comamonas terrigena, Comamonas testosteroni, Common name, Cyanide, Devosia riboflavina, Dicotyledon, Efflux (microbiology), Endospore, Enterobacteriaceae, Extracellular polymeric substance, ..., Flagellum, Fluorescence, Fungus, Gammaproteobacteria, Genome, Genus, Gram-negative bacteria, Gram-positive bacteria, Halomonadaceae, Hemolysis, Herbaspirillum huttiense, Herbaspirillum rubrisubalbicans, Horizontal gene transfer, Hospital-acquired infection, Human pathogen, Hydrogen cyanide, Hydrogenophaga, Hydrogenophaga flava, Hydrogenophaga palleronii, Hydrogenophaga pseudoflava, Hydrogenophaga taeniospiralis, Hydromorphone, Imipenem, In vitro, Incertae sedis, Indole test, Integron, Β-lactam antibiotic, Janthinobacterium lividum, Marinobacter, Marinobacter hydrocarbonoclasticus, Marinobacterium georgiense, Marinobacterium stanieri, Metabolism, Methyl red, Methylobacterium extorquens, Methylobacterium mesophilicum, Methylobacterium radiotolerans, Methylobacterium rhodinum, Microbiological culture, Microbiology, Microbulbifer elongatus, Modern Greek grammar, Monas (heterokont), Morphine, Most recent common ancestor, Motility, Multiple drug resistance, Mushroom, Mutation, Nitrogen, Oligotropha carboxidovorans, Opportunistic infection, Organic compound, Oxidase test, Paraburkholderia caryophylli, Paraburkholderia graminis, Paraburkholderia phenazinium, Pathovar, Paucimonas lemoignei, Penicillin, Phagocytosis, Phenazine, Phikmvlikevirus, Piperacillin, Plant pathology, Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, Polymerase chain reaction, Porin (protein), Proteobacteria, Pseudoalteromonas nigrifaciens, Pseudoalteromonas piscicida, Pseudomonadaceae, Pseudomonadales, Pseudomonas abietaniphila, Pseudomonas acidophila, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Pseudomonas agarici, Pseudomonas alcaligenes, Pseudomonas alcaliphila, Pseudomonas alkanolytica, Pseudomonas amygdali, Pseudomonas amyloderamosa, Pseudomonas anguilliseptica, Pseudomonas antarctica, Pseudomonas argentinensis, Pseudomonas asplenii, Pseudomonas aurantiaca, Pseudomonas aureofaciens, Pseudomonas avellanae, Pseudomonas azotifigens, Pseudomonas azotoformans, Pseudomonas balearica, Pseudomonas blatchfordae, Pseudomonas borbori, Pseudomonas brassicacearum, Pseudomonas brenneri, Pseudomonas cannabina, Pseudomonas caricapapayae, Pseudomonas cedrina, Pseudomonas chlororaphis, Pseudomonas cichorii, Pseudomonas citronellolis, Pseudomonas coenobios, Pseudomonas congelans, Pseudomonas coronafaciens, Pseudomonas corrugata, Pseudomonas costantinii, Pseudomonas cremoricolorata, Pseudomonas delhiensis, Pseudomonas denitrificans, Pseudomonas entomophila, Pseudomonas excibis, Pseudomonas extremorientalis, Pseudomonas ficuserectae, Pseudomonas flavescens, Pseudomonas fluorescens, Pseudomonas fragi, Pseudomonas frederiksbergensis, Pseudomonas fulva, Pseudomonas fuscovaginae, Pseudomonas gelidicola, Pseudomonas gessardii, Pseudomonas grimontii, Pseudomonas helianthi, Pseudomonas indica, Pseudomonas jessenii, Pseudomonas jinjuensis, Pseudomonas kilonensis, Pseudomonas knackmussii, Pseudomonas koreensis, Pseudomonas libanensis, Pseudomonas lini, Pseudomonas lundensis, Pseudomonas lutea, Pseudomonas luteola, Pseudomonas mandelii, Pseudomonas marginalis, Pseudomonas mediterranea, Pseudomonas meliae, Pseudomonas mendocina, Pseudomonas meridiana, Pseudomonas migulae, Pseudomonas monteilii, Pseudomonas moraviensis, Pseudomonas mosselii, Pseudomonas mucidolens, Pseudomonas nitroreducens, Pseudomonas oleovorans, Pseudomonas orientalis, Pseudomonas oryzihabitans, Pseudomonas otitidis, Pseudomonas pachastrellae, Pseudomonas palleroniana, Pseudomonas panacis, Pseudomonas parafulva, Pseudomonas peli, Pseudomonas perolens, Pseudomonas pertucinogena, Pseudomonas phage Φ6, Pseudomonas plecoglossicida, Pseudomonas poae, Pseudomonas pohangensis, Pseudomonas protegens, Pseudomonas proteolytica, Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes, Pseudomonas psychrophila, Pseudomonas psychrotolerans, Pseudomonas putida, Pseudomonas rathonis, Pseudomonas reptilivora, Pseudomonas resiniphila, Pseudomonas resinovorans, Pseudomonas rhizosphaerae, Pseudomonas rhodesiae, Pseudomonas rubescens, Pseudomonas salomonii, Pseudomonas savastanoi, Pseudomonas segitis, Pseudomonas septica, Pseudomonas simiae, Pseudomonas straminea, Pseudomonas stutzeri, Pseudomonas suis, Pseudomonas synxantha, Pseudomonas syringae, Pseudomonas taetrolens, Pseudomonas teessidea, Pseudomonas thermotolerans, Pseudomonas thivervalensis, Pseudomonas tolaasii, Pseudomonas tomato, Pseudomonas tremae, Pseudomonas trivialis, Pseudomonas turbinellae, Pseudomonas tuticorinensis, Pseudomonas umsongensis, Pseudomonas vancouverensis, Pseudomonas veronii, Pseudomonas viridiflava, Pseudomonas vranovensis, Pseudomonas xanthomarina, Pyocyanin, Pyoverdine, Ralstonia, Ralstonia pickettii, Ralstonia solanacearum, Ralstonia syzygii, Secretion, Siderophore, Species, Sphingomonas abikonensis, Sphingomonas echinoides, Sphingomonas paucimobilis, Sphingomonas trueperi, Stenotrophomonas, Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, Telluria mixta, Thauera, Ticarcillin, Tobramycin, Toluene, Voges–Proskauer test, Vogesella indigofera, Walter Migula, White blood cell, Xanthomonas, Zavarzinia compransoris, Zymomonas mobilis, 16S ribosomal RNA. 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The suffix -monas is used in microbiology for many genera and is intended to mean "unicellular organism".
Acidovorax citrulli (formerly A. avenae subsp. citrulli (Williems et al., 1992)) is a Gram-negative, biotrophic bacterium causes seedling blight and bacterial fruit blotch (BFB) of cucurbits.
Acidovorax delafieldii is a Gram-negative soil bacterium.
Acidovorax facilis is an aerobic, chemoorganotrophic bacterium used as a soil inoculant in agriculture and horticulture.
Acinetobacter is a genus of Gram-negative bacteria belonging to the wider class of Gammaproteobacteria.
An aerobic organism or aerobe is an organism that can survive and grow in an oxygenated environment.
Aeromonas is a genus of Gram-negative, facultative anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that morphologically resemble members of the family Enterobacteriaceae.
Aeromonas caviae is a Gram-negative bacterium of the genus Aeromonas isolated from epizootic guinea pigs.
An agar plate is a Petri dish that contains a solid growth medium, typically agar plus nutrients, used to culture small organisms such as microorganisms.
Aminobacter aminovorans is a Gram-negative soil bacteria.
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
An antibiotic (from ancient Greek αντιβιοτικά, antibiotiká), also called an antibacterial, is a type of antimicrobial drug used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections.
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR or AR) is the ability of a microbe to resist the effects of medication that once could successfully treat the microbe.
In organic chemistry, the term aromaticity is used to describe a cyclic (ring-shaped), planar (flat) molecule with a ring of resonance bonds that exhibits more stability than other geometric or connective arrangements with the same set of atoms.
A bacillus (plural bacilli) or bacilliform bacterium is a rod-shaped bacterium or archaeon.
Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.
A bacteriophage, also known informally as a phage, is a virus that infects and replicates within Bacteria and Archaea.
Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology is the main resource for determining the identity of prokaryotic organisms, emphasizing bacterial species, using every characterizing aspect.
A biofilm comprises any group of microorganisms in which cells stick to each other and often also to a surface.
Biological control or biocontrol is a method of controlling pests such as insects, mites, weeds and plant diseases using other organisms.
Bioremediation is a process used to treat contaminated media, including water, soil and subsurface material, by altering environmental conditions to stimulate growth of microorganisms and degrade the target pollutants.
Bradyrhizobium is a genus of Gram-negative soil bacteria, many of which fix nitrogen.
Burkholderia is a genus of Proteobacteria whose pathogenic members include the Burkholderia cepacia complex which attacks humans and Burkholderia mallei, responsible for glanders, a disease that occurs mostly in horses and related animals; Burkholderia pseudomallei, causative agent of melioidosis; and Burkholderia cepacia, an important pathogen of pulmonary infections in people with cystic fibrosis (CF).
Burkholderia cepacia complex (BCC), or simply Burkholderia cepacia, is a group of catalase-producing, lactose-nonfermenting, Gram-negative bacteria composed of at least 20 different species, including B. cepacia, B. multivorans, B. cenocepacia, B. vietnamiensis, B. stabilis, B. ambifaria, B. dolosa, B. anthina, B. pyrrocinia and B. ubonensis.
Burkholderia gladioli is a species of aerobic gram-negative rod-shaped bacteria that causes disease in both humans and plants.
Burkholderia glumae is a Gram-negative soil bacterium.
Burkholderia mallei is a Gram-negative, bipolar, aerobic bacterium, a human and animal pathogen of genus Burkholderia causing glanders; the Latin name of this disease (malleus) gave its name to the species causing it.
Burkholderia plantarii is a Gram-negative soil bacterium.
Burkholderia pseudomallei (also known as Pseudomonas pseudomallei) is a Gram-negative, bipolar, aerobic, motile rod-shaped bacterium.
Burkholderia pyrrocinia is a Gram-negative bacterium which has been found in soil as well as in the sputum of patients with cystic fibrosis.
Caballeronia glathei is a Gram-negative soil bacterium.
Carbazole is an aromatic heterocyclic organic compound.
Carbon tetrachloride, also known by many other names (the most notable being tetrachloromethane, also recognized by the IUPAC, carbon tet in the cleaning industry, Halon-104 in firefighting, and Refrigerant-10 in HVACR) is an organic compound with the chemical formula CCl4.
A cell wall is a structural layer surrounding some types of cells, just outside the cell membrane.
Chromohalobacter is a genus of Proteobacteria.
Ciprofloxacin is an antibiotic used to treat a number of bacterial infections.
The citrate test detects the ability of an organism to use citrate as the sole source of carbon and energy.
Cobetia marina is a Gram-negative halophilic marine bacterium.
The Comamonadaceae are a family of the Betaproteobacteria.
Comamonas acidovorans is a Gram-negative, nonspore-forming, aerobic, rod-shaped bacterium from the genus Comamonas and family Comamonadaceae.
Comamonas terrigena is a Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium from the genus Comamonas and the family of Comamonadaceae, which was isolated from contaminated soil in Slovakia.
Comamonas testosteroni is a Gram-negative soil bacterium.
In biology, a common name of a taxon or organism (also known as a vernacular name, English name, colloquial name, trivial name, trivial epithet, country name, popular name, or farmer's name) is a name that is based on the normal language of everyday life; this kind of name is often contrasted with the scientific name for the same organism, which is Latinized.
A cyanide is a chemical compound that contains the group C≡N.
Devosia riboflavina is a Gram-negative soil bacteria.
The dicotyledons, also known as dicots (or more rarely dicotyls), are one of the two groups into which all the flowering plants or angiosperms were formerly divided.
Active efflux is a mechanism responsible for moving compounds, like neurotransmitters, toxic substances, and antibiotics, out of the cell; this is considered to be a vital part of xenobiotic metabolism.
An endospore is a dormant, tough, and non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria from the Firmicute phylum.
The Enterobacteriaceae are a large family of Gram-negative bacteria.
Extracellular polymeric substances (EPSs) are natural polymers of high molecular weight secreted by microorganisms into their environment.
A flagellum (plural: flagella) is a lash-like appendage that protrudes from the cell body of certain bacterial and eukaryotic cells.
Fluorescence is the emission of light by a substance that has absorbed light or other electromagnetic radiation.
A fungus (plural: fungi or funguses) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms.
Gammaproteobacteria are a class of bacteria.
In the fields of molecular biology and genetics, a genome is the genetic material of an organism.
A genus (genera) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms, as well as viruses, in biology.
Gram-negative bacteria are bacteria that do not retain the crystal violet stain used in the gram-staining method of bacterial differentiation.
Gram-positive bacteria are bacteria that give a positive result in the Gram stain test, which is traditionally used to quickly classify bacteria into two broad categories according to their cell wall.
The Halomonadaceae are a family of halophilic Proteobacteria.
Hemolysis or haemolysis, also known by several other names, is the rupturing (lysis) of red blood cells (erythrocytes) and the release of their contents (cytoplasm) into surrounding fluid (e.g. blood plasma).
Herbaspirillum huttiense is a Gram-negative species of bacteria.
Herbaspirillum rubrisubalbicans is a nitrogen-fixing bacterium of the genus Herbaspirillum found in roots and stems of sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum), sorghum (Sorghum bicolor), and rice (Oryza sativa).
Horizontal gene transfer (HGT) or lateral gene transfer (LGT) is the movement of genetic material between unicellular and/or multicellular organisms other than by the ("vertical") transmission of DNA from parent to offspring.
A hospital-acquired infection (HAI), also known as a nosocomial infection, is an infection that is acquired in a hospital or other health care facility.
A human pathogen is a pathogen (microbe or microorganism such as a virus, bacterium, prion, or fungus) that causes disease in humans.
Hydrogen cyanide (HCN), sometimes called prussic acid, is a chemical compound with the chemical formula HCN.
Hydrogenophaga is a genus of comamonad bacteria, several of which were formerly classified in the genus Pseudomonas.
Hydrogenophaga flava is a species of Gram-negative, rod-shaped comamonad bacteria.
Hydrogenophaga palleronii is a bacterium from the Comamonadaceae family, which has the ability to degrade 4-aminobenzenesulfonate.
Hydrogenophaga pseudoflava is a bacterium from the Comamonadaceae family.
Hydrogenophaga taeniospiralis is a catalase-negative bacterium from the Comamonadaceae family.
Hydromorphone, also known as dihydromorphinone, and sold under the brand name Dilaudid, among others, is a centrally acting pain medication of the opioid class.
Imipenem (Primaxin) is an intravenous β-lactam antibiotic discovered by Merck scientists Burton Christensen, William Leanza, and Kenneth Wildonger in the mid-1970s.
In vitro (meaning: in the glass) studies are performed with microorganisms, cells, or biological molecules outside their normal biological context.
Incertae sedis (Latin for "of uncertain placement") is a term used for a taxonomic group where its broader relationships are unknown or undefined.
The indole test is a biochemical test performed on bacterial species to determine the ability of the organism to convert tryptophan into indole.
Integrons are genetic mechanisms that allow bacteria to adapt and evolve rapidly through the acquisition, stockpiling and differential expression of new genes.
β-lactam antibiotics (beta-lactam antibiotics) are a class of broad-spectrum antibiotics, consisting of all antibiotic agents that contain a beta-lactam ring in their molecular structures.
Janthinobacterium lividum is an aerobic, Gram-negative, soil-dwelling bacterium that has a distinctive dark-violet (almost black) color.
Marinobacter is a genus of Proteobacteria found in sea water.
Marinobacter hydrocarbonoclasticus is a species of Proteobacteria found in sea water which are able to degrade hydrocarbons.
Marinobacterium georgiense is a Gram-negative bacterium.
Marinobacterium stanieri is a Gram-negative bacterium found in sea water.
Metabolism (from μεταβολή metabolē, "change") is the set of life-sustaining chemical transformations within the cells of organisms.
Methyl red (2-(N,N-dimethyl-4-aminophenyl) azobenzenecarboxylic acid), also called C.I. Acid Red 2, is an indicator dye that turns red in acidic solutions.
Methylobacterium extorquens is a Gram-negative bacterium.
Methylobacterium mesophilicum is a Gram-negative, soil-dwelling bacterium, reported to be an opportunistic pathogen in immunocomprimised patients.
Methylobacterium radiotolerans is a radiation tolerating Gram-negative bacterium.
Methylobacterium rhodinum is a Gram-negative soil bacterium.
A microbiological culture, or microbial culture, is a method of multiplying microbial organisms by letting them reproduce in predetermined culture medium under controlled laboratory conditions.
Microbiology (from Greek μῑκρος, mīkros, "small"; βίος, bios, "life"; and -λογία, -logia) is the study of microorganisms, those being unicellular (single cell), multicellular (cell colony), or acellular (lacking cells).
Microbulbifer elongatus is a Gram-negative marine bacterium.
The grammar of Modern Greek, as spoken in present-day Greece and Cyprus, is essentially that of Demotic Greek, but it has also assimilated certain elements of Katharevousa, the archaic, learned variety of Greek imitating Classical Greek forms, which used to be the official language of Greece through much of the 19th and 20th centuries.
Monas is a genus of Chrysophyceae, described by Otto Friedrich Müller in 1773 as a group of Infusoria.
Morphine is a pain medication of the opiate variety which is found naturally in a number of plants and animals.
In biology and genealogy, the most recent common ancestor (MRCA, also last common ancestor (LCA), or concestor) of any set of organisms is the most recent individual from which all the organisms are directly descended.
Motility is the ability of an organism to move independently, using metabolic energy.
Multiple drug resistance (MDR), multidrug resistance or multiresistance is antimicrobial resistance shown by a species of microorganism to multiple antimicrobial drugs.
A mushroom, or toadstool, is the fleshy, spore-bearing fruiting body of a fungus, typically produced above ground on soil or on its food source.
In biology, a mutation is the permanent alteration of the nucleotide sequence of the genome of an organism, virus, or extrachromosomal DNA or other genetic elements.
Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7.
Oligotropha carboxidovorans is a Gram-negative soil bacterium.
An opportunistic infection is an infection caused by pathogens (bacteria, viruses, fungi, or protozoa) that take advantage of an opportunity not normally available, such as a host with a weakened immune system, an altered microbiota (such as a disrupted gut microbiota), or breached integumentary barriers.
In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.
The oxidase test is a test used in microbiology to determine if a bacterium produces certain cytochrome c oxidases.
Paraburkholderia caryophylli is a plant-pathogenic bacterium, which can cause wilt and root rot on carnations.
Paraburkholderia graminis is a species of proteobacteria isolated from agricultural soils in France and Australia.
Paraburkholderia phenazinium is a Gram-negative soil bacterium.
A pathovar is a bacterial strain or set of strains with the same or similar characteristics, that is differentiated at infrasubspecific level from other strains of the same species or subspecies on the basis of distinctive pathogenicity to one or more plant hosts.
Paucimonas lemoignei is a Gram-negative soil bacterium.
Penicillin (PCN or pen) is a group of antibiotics which include penicillin G (intravenous use), penicillin V (use by mouth), procaine penicillin, and benzathine penicillin (intramuscular use).
In cell biology, phagocytosis is the process by which a cell—often a phagocyte or a protist—engulfs a solid particle to form an internal compartment known as a phagosome.
Phenazine is an organic compound with the formula (C6H4)2N2.
Phikmvlikevirus is a genus of viruses that infect bacteria.
Piperacillin is a broad-spectrum β-lactam antibiotic of the ureidopenicillin class.
Plant pathology (also phytopathology) is the scientific study of diseases in plants caused by pathogens (infectious organisms) and environmental conditions (physiological factors).
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs, also polyaromatic hydrocarbons or polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons) are hydrocarbons—organic compounds containing only carbon and hydrogen—that are composed of multiple aromatic rings (organic rings in which the electrons are delocalized).
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is a technique used in molecular biology to amplify a single copy or a few copies of a segment of DNA across several orders of magnitude, generating thousands to millions of copies of a particular DNA sequence.
Porins are beta barrel proteins that cross a cellular membrane and act as a pore, through which molecules can diffuse.
Proteobacteria is a major phylum of gram-negative bacteria. They include a wide variety of pathogens, such as Escherichia, Salmonella, Vibrio, Helicobacter, Yersinia, Legionellales, and many other notable genera. Others are free-living (non-parasitic), and include many of the bacteria responsible for nitrogen fixation. Carl Woese established this grouping in 1987, calling it informally the "purple bacteria and their relatives". Because of the great diversity of forms found in this group, it was named after Proteus, a Greek god of the sea capable of assuming many different shapes and is not named after the genus Proteus. Some Alphaproteobacteria can grow at very low levels of nutrients and have unusual morphology such as stalks and buds. Others include agriculturally important bacteria capable of inducing nitrogen fixation in symbiosis with plants. The type order is the Caulobacterales, comprising stalk-forming bacteria such as Caulobacter. The Betaproteobacteria are highly metabolically diverse and contain chemolithoautotrophs, photoautotrophs, and generalist heterotrophs. The type order is the Burkholderiales, comprising an enormous range of metabolic diversity, including opportunistic pathogens. The Hydrogenophilalia are obligate thermophiles and include heterotrophs and autotrophs. The type order is the Hydrogenophilales. The Gammaproteobacteria are the largest class in terms of species with validly published names. The type order is the Pseudomonadales, which include the genera Pseudomonas and the nitrogen-fixing Azotobacter. The Acidithiobacillia contain only sulfur, iron and uranium-oxidising autotrophs. The type order is the Acidithiobacillales, which includes economically important organisms used in the mining industry such as Acidithiobacillus spp. The Deltaproteobacteria include bacteria that are predators on other bacteria and are important contributors to the anaerobic side of the sulfur cycle. The type order is the Myxococcales, which includes organisms with self-organising abilities such as Myxococcus spp. The Epsilonproteobacteria are often slender, Gram-negative rods that are helical or curved. The type order is the Campylobacterales, which includes important food pathogens such as Campylobacter spp. The Oligoflexia are filamentous aerobes. The type order is the Oligoflexales, which contains the genus Oligoflexus.
Pseudoalteromonas nigrifaciens is a marine bacterium.
Pseudoalteromonas piscicida is a marine bacterium.
The Pseudomonadaceae are family of bacteria which includes the genera Azomonas, Azomonotrichon, Azorhizophilus, Azotobacter, Cellvibrio, Mesophilobacter, Pseudomonas (the type genus), Rhizobacter, Rugamonas, and Serpens.
The Pseudomonadales are an order of Proteobacteria.
Pseudomonas abietaniphila is a Gram-negative soil bacterium that grows on pulp mill effluents with resin acids.
Pseudomonas acidophila is a Gram-negative soil bacterium that produces the beta-lactam antibiotic, sulfazecin, as well as bulgecins.
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a common Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium that can cause disease in plants and animals, including humans.
Pseudomonas agarici is a Gram-negative soil bacterium that causes drippy gill in mushrooms (Agaricus bisporus).
Pseudomonas alcaligenes is a Gram-negative aerobic bacterium used for bioremediation purposes of oil pollution, pesticide substances, and certain chemical substances, as it can degrade polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.
Pseudomonas alcaliphila is a psychrophilic, alkaliphilic, Gram-negative, aerobic straight rod bacterium with polar flagella isolated from sea water near Hokkaidō, Japan.
Pseudomonas alkanolytica is a Gram-negative soil bacterium that produces Coenzyme A. Because this organism is patented, it is not officially recognized as a legitimate Pseudomonas species, and therefore has no type strain.
Pseudomonas amygdali is a Gram-negative plant pathogenic bacterium.
Pseudomonas amyloderamosa is a Gram-negative soil bacterium that produces isoamylase.
Pseudomonas anguilliseptica is a Gram-negative bacterium that is pathogenic to fish.
Pseudomonas antarctica is a psychrophilic, Gram-negative, motile with a polar flagellum, rod-shaped bacterium isolated from cyanobacterial mats in Antarctica.
Pseudomonas argentinensis is a yellow-pigmented, Gram-negative, rod-shaped, nonspore-forming, strictly aerobic organism bacterium that infects the rhizospheres of Chloris ciliata and Pappophorum caespitosum, both grasses native to the Chaco region (Cordoba) of Argentina.
Pseudomonas asplenii is a Gram-negative soil bacterium that causes bacterial leaf blight of the bird's-nest fern (Asplenium nidus), from which it derives its name.
Pseudomonas aurantiaca is an orange Gram-negative soil bacterium, originally isolated from the rhizosphere soil of potatoes.
Pseudomonas aureofaciens is a yellowish, aerobic, Gram-negative, motile, polar-flagellated, rod-shaped bacterium isolated from clay near the River Maas.
Pseudomonas avellanae is a Gram-negative plant pathogenic bacterium.
Pseudomonas azotifigens is a Gram-negative, nitrogen-fixing bacterium isolated from a compost pile in Japan.
Pseudomonas azotoformans is a Gram-negative bacterium that infects cereal grains—especially rice.
Pseudomonas balearica is a Gram-negative, rod-shaped, nonfluorescent, motile, and denitrifying bacterium.
Pseudomonas blatchfordae is a Gram-negative soil bacteria isolated from tomato pith necrosis and the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris).
Pseudomonas borbori is an aerobic, Gram-negative, nonfluorescent, nonsporulating, motile, rod-shaped bacterium isolated from a nitrifying inoculum used in aquaculture.
Pseudomonas brassicacearum is a Gram-negative soil bacterium that infects the roots of Brassica napus, from which it derives its name.
Pseudomonas brenneri is a Gram-negative, rod-shaped, fluorescent, motile bacterium with a single polar flagella isolated from natural mineral waters in France.
Pseudomonas cannabina is a gray, Gram-negative, fluorescent, motile, flagellated, aerobic bacterium that causes leaf and stem rot of hemp (Cannabis sativa), from which it derives its name.
Pseudomonas caricapapayae is a Gram-negative soil bacterium that is pathogenic to plants.
Pseudomonas cedrina is a Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium isolated from spring waters in Lebanon.
Pseudomonas chlororaphis is a bacterium used as a soil inoculant in agriculture and horticulture.
Pseudomonas cichorii is a Gram-negative soil bacterium that is pathogenic to plants.
Pseudomonas citronellolis is a Gram-negative, bacillus bacterium that is used to study the mechanisms of pyruvate carboxylase.
Pseudomonas coenobios is a Gram-negative, non-sporulating, motile, rod marine bacterium.
Pseudomonas congelans is a fluorescent, Gram-negative bacterium isolated from the phyllosphere of grasses.
Pseudomonas coronafaciens is a Gram-negative bacterium that is pathogenic to several plant species.
Pseudomonas corrugata is a Gram-negative, plant-pathogenic bacterium that causes pith necrosis in tomatoes.
Pseudomonas costantinii is a Gram-negative bacterium that causes brown blotch disease in cultivated mushrooms.
Pseudomonas cremoricolorata is a Gram-negative bacterial plant pathogen.
Pseudomonas delhiensis is a Gram-negative bacterium isolated from the dumping site of fly ash of a power plant in Delhi, India.
Pseudomonas denitrificans is a Gram-negative aerobic organism bacterium that performs denitrification.
Pseudomonas entomophila is a strain of bacterium that lives in the soil and can infect insects.
Pseudomonas excibis is a gram-negative, rod bacterium first isolated from the gastric caeca of the cactus bug (Chelinidea vittiger).
Pseudomonas extremorientalis is a Gram-negative, saprotrophic, fluorescent bacterium found in a drinking water reservoir near Vladivostok City, Russia.
Pseudomonas ficuserectae is a nonfluorescent, Gram-negative, soil bacterium that causes bacterial leaf spot on a Japanese fig (Ficus erecta), from which it derives its name.
Pseudomonas flavescens is a Gram-negative bacterium that causes blight cankers on walnut trees.
Pseudomonas fluorescens is a common Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium.
Pseudomonas fragi is a psychrophilic, Gram-negative bacterium that is responsible for dairy spoilage.
Pseudomonas frederiksbergensis is a Gram-negative, phenanthrene-degrading bacterium from a coal gasification site in Frederiksberg, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Pseudomonas fulva is a Gram-negative environmental bacterium, originally isolated from rice and commonly associated with rice plants, grains and paddy fields.
Pseudomonas fuscovaginae is a fluorescent, Gram-negative soil bacterium that is pathogenic to rice, causing brown sheath rot.
Pseudomonas gelidicola is a Gram-negative marine bacteria.
Pseudomonas gessardii is a fluorescent, Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium isolated from natural mineral waters in France.
Pseudomonas grimontii is a Gram-negative, rod-shaped, fluorescent, motile bacterium isolated from natural springs in France.
'Pseudomonas helianthi' is a Gram-negative plant pathogenic bacterium that infects a variety of plants.
Pseudomonas indica is a Gram-negative, butane-using bacterium first isolated in India.
Pseudomonas jessenii is a fluorescent, Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium isolated from natural mineral waters in France.
Pseudomonas jinjuensis is a Gram-negative, non-spore-forming, motile, single polar flagellated, yellow-white, rod bacterium isolated from soil in the Jinju Region of Korea.
Pseudomonas kilonensis is a Gram-negative soil bacterium isolated from agricultural soil in Germany.
Pseudomonas knackmussii is a Gram-negative, polarly flagellated, motile, short rod bacterium isolated from a sewage treatment plant in Göttingen, Germany.
Pseudomonas koreensis is a Gram-negative, non-spore-forming, motile, multiple polar flagellated, yellow-white, rod bacterium isolated from farming soil in Korea.
Pseudomonas libanensis is a Gram-negative, rod-shaped, fluorescent, motile bacterium isolated from natural springs in Lebanon.
Pseudomonas lini is a fluorescent, Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium isolated from rhizospheric soil in France.
Pseudomonas lundensis is a Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium that often causes spoilage of milk, cheese, meat, and fish.
Pseudomonas lutea is a Gram-negative, strictly aerobic, non-spore-forming, motile, rod-shaped bacterium originally isolated from the rhizosphere of grasses in Spain.
Pseudomonas luteola is an opportunistic pathogen, found ubiquitously in damp environments.
Pseudomonas mandelii is a fluorescent, Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium isolated from natural spring waters in France.
Pseudomonas marginalis is a soil bacterium that can cause soft rots of plant tissues.
Pseudomonas mediterranea is a bacterium, similar to P. corrugata, that causes tomato pith necrosis.
Pseudomonas meliae is a fluorescent, Gram-negative, soil bacterium that causes bacterial gall of the chinaberry (Melia azedarach Lin.), from which it derives its name.
Pseudomonas mendocina is a Gram-negative environmental bacterium that can cause opportunistic nosocomial (hospital-acquired) infections, such as infective endocarditis and spondylodiscitis, although cases are very rare.
Pseudomonas meridiana is a psychrophilic, Gram-negative, motile with a polar flagellum, rod-shaped bacterium isolated from cyanobacterial mats in Antarctica.
Pseudomonas migulae is a fluorescent, Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium isolated from natural mineral waters in France.
Pseudomonas monteilii is a Gram-negative, rod-shaped, motile bacterium isolated from human bronchial aspirate.
Pseudomonas moraviensis is a Gram-negative soil bacterium.
Pseudomonas mosselii is a Gram-negative, rod-shaped, bacterium clinically isolated in France.
Pseudomonas mucidolens is a Gram-negative, non-sporulating, motile, rod bacterium that causes mustiness in eggs.
Pseudomonas nitroreducens is an aerobic, Gram-negative soil bacterium first isolated from oil brine in Japan.
Pseudomonas oleovorans is a Gram-negative, methylotrophic bacterium that is a source of rubredoxin (part of the hydroxylation-epoxidation system).
Pseudomonas orientalis is a Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium isolated from spring waters in Lebanon.
Pseudomonas oryzihabitans, also known as Flavimonas oryzihabitans, is a nonfermenting yellow-pigmented, gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium that can cause septicemia (sepsis), peritonitis, endophthalmitis, and bacteremia.
Pseudomonas otitidis is a Gram-negative bacterium that causes otitis.
Pseudomonas pachastrellae is a Gram-negative bacterium found in deep-sea sponges.
Pseudomonas palleroniana is a Gram-negative bacterium that infects rice (Oryza sativa).
Pseudomonas panacis is a Gram-negative, aerobic, motile with one or more polar flagella, rod-shaped bacterium.
Pseudomonas parafulva is a Gram-negative bacteria.
Pseudomonas peli is a Gram-negative, non-fluorescent, non-sporulating, motile, rod-shaped bacterium isolated from a commercially available nitrifying inoculum used in aquaculture.
Pseudomonas perolens is a Gram-negative, non-sporulating, motile, rod bacterium that is known to cause mustiness in eggs in Poland.
Pseudomonas pertucinogena is a Gram-negative, rod-shaped, motile bacterium.
Φ6 (Phi 6) is the best-studied bacteriophage of the virus family Cystoviridae.
Pseudomonas plecoglossicida is a non-fluorescent, Gram-negative, rod-shaped, motile bacterium that causes hemorrhagic ascites in the ayu fish (Plecoglossus altivelis), from which it derives its name.
Pseudomonas poae is a fluorescent, Gram-negative bacterium isolated from the phyllosphere of grasses.
Pseudomonas pohangensis is a Gram-negative, non-fluorescent, non-sporulating, non-motile, rod-shaped bacterium isolated from seashore sand on Homi cape, near Pohang city, Korea.
Pseudomonas protegens are widespread Gram-negative, plant-protecting bacteria.
Pseudomonas proteolytica is a psychrophilic, Gram-negative, motile with a polar flagellum, rod-shaped bacterium isolated from cyanobacterial mats in Antarctica.
Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes is an aerobic, Gram-negative soil bacterium that was first isolated from swimming pool water.
Pseudomonas psychrophila is a psychrophilic, Gram-negative, aerobic, straight rod bacterium with polar flagella.
Pseudomonas psychrotolerans is a yellow-pigmented, Gram-negative, rod-shaped, non-spore-forming bacterium found in small European ungulates.
Pseudomonas putida is a Gram-negative, rod-shaped, saprotrophic soil bacterium.
Pseudomonas rathonis is a Gram-negative bacterium originally isolated from the rhizosphere of agriculturally important crops.
Pseudomonas reptilivora is a fluorescent, yellow-green, Gram-negative, rod-shaped, non-spore-forming, multiple polar flagellated, motile bacterium that is pathogenic to reptiles.
Pseudomonas resiniphila is a Gram-negative soil bacterium that grows on pulp mill effluents with resin acids.
Pseudomonas resinovorans is a Gram-negative, soil bacterium that is commonly found in the lubricating oils of wood mills.
Pseudomonas rhizosphaerae is a Gram-negative, strictly aerobic, non-spore-forming, motile, rod-shaped bacterium found in rhizospheric soil of grasses in Spain.
Pseudomonas rhodesiae is a Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium isolated from natural mineral waters.
Pseudomonas rubescens is a Gram-negative soil bacterium that was originally isolated from the oil in a machine shop.
Pseudomonas salomonii is a Gram-negative bacterium that infects garlic (Allium sativum).
Pseudomonas savastanoi is a Gram-negative plant pathogenic bacterium that infects a variety of plants.
Pseudomonas segitis is a Gram-negative, aerobic soil bacterium found in Korea.
Pseudomonas septica is a Gram-negative, rod-shaped, non-spore-forming, bacterium that is pathogenic to insects.
Pseudomonas simiae is a Gram-negative, catalase- and oxidase-positive, rod-shaped bacterium isolated from monkeys (Callithrix geoffroyi).
Pseudomonas straminea is a Gram-negative, rod bacterium that includes strains formerly identified as P. ochracea.
Pseudomonas stutzeri is a Gram-negative, rod-shaped, motile, single polar-flagellated, soil bacterium first isolated from human spinal fluid.
Pseudomonas suis is a Gram-negative bacterium that causes croupous pneumonia of swine (genus Sus) from which it derives its name.
Pseudomonas synxantha is a fluorescent rhizosphere bacterium with nematicidal properties.
Pseudomonas syringae is a rod-shaped, Gram-negative bacterium with polar flagella.
Pseudomonas taetrolens is a Gram-negative, nonsporulating, motile, rod-shaped bacterium that causes mustiness in eggs.
Pseudomonas teessidea is a species of Pseudomonas bacteria which was first discovered in the North of England.
Pseudomonas thermotolerans is a Gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacterium found in the industrial cooking water of a cork-processing plant.
Pseudomonas thivervalensis is a Gram-negative soil bacterium that infects the roots of Arabidopsis thaliana.
Pseudomonas tolaasii is a species of Gram-negative soil bacteria that is the causal agent of bacterial blotch on cultivated mushrooms (Agaricus bisporus).
'Pseudomonas tomato' is a Gram-negative plant pathogenic bacterium that infects a variety of plants.
Pseudomonas tremae is a white, Gram-negative, non-fluorescent, motile, flagellated, aerobic bacterium that infects Trema orientalis, from which it derives its name.
Pseudomonas trivialis is a fluorescent, Gram-negative bacterium isolated from the phyllosphere of grasses.
Pseudomonas turbinellae is a Gram-negative bacterium that causes bacterial leaf spot.
Pseudomonas tuticorinensis is a Gram-negative, marine denitrifying bacterium.
Pseudomonas umsongensis is a Gram-negative, nonspore-forming, motile, single polar-flagellated, yellow-white, rod-shaped bacterium isolated from the soil in the Umsong region of Korea.
Pseudomonas vancouverensis is a Gram-negative soil bacterium that grows on pulp mill effluents with resin acids.
Pseudomonas veronii is a Gram-negative, rod-shaped, fluorescent, motile bacterium isolated from natural springs in France.
Pseudomonas viridiflava is a fluorescent, Gram-negative, soil bacterium that is pathogenic to plants.
Pseudomonas vranovensis is a Gram-negative soil bacterium.
Pseudomonas xanthomarina is a bacterium found in marine ascidians.
Pyocyanin (PCN−) is one of the many toxins produced and secreted by the Gram negative bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
Pyoverdines (alternatively, and less commonly, spelled as pyoverdins) are fluorescent siderophores produced by certain pseudomonads.
Ralstonia is a genus of Proteobacteria, previously included in the genus Pseudomonas.
Ralstonia pickettii is a Gram-negative, rod-shaped, soil bacterium.
Ralstonia solanacearum is an aerobic nonspore-forming, Gram-negative, plant pathogenic bacterium.
Ralstonia syzygii is a species of Proteobacteria of the family of Burkholderiaceae.
Secretion is the movement of material from one point to another, e.g. secreted chemical substance from a cell or gland.
Siderophores (Greek: "iron carrier") are small, high-affinity iron-chelating compounds secreted by microorganisms such as bacteria and fungi and serving to transport iron across cell membranes.
In biology, a species is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank, as well as a unit of biodiversity, but it has proven difficult to find a satisfactory definition.
Sphingomonas abikonensis is a species of Gram-negative proteobacteria.
Sphingomonas echinoides is a Gram-negative soil bacterium.
Sphingomonas paucimobilis is a strictly aerobic Gram-negative bacillus that has a single polar flagellum with slow motility.
Sphingomonas trueperi is a Gram-negative soil bacterium.
Stenotrophomonas is a genus of Gram-negative bacteria.
Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is an aerobic, nonfermentative, Gram-negative bacterium.
Telluria mixta (formerly called Pseudomonas mixta) is a species of Gram-negative soil bacteria that actively degrades polysaccharides including dextran, inulin, pectate, starch, and xylan.
Thauera is a genus of Gram-negative bacteria in the family Zoogloeaceae of the order Rhodocyclales of the Betaproteobacteria.
Ticarcillin is a carboxypenicillin.
Tobramycin is an aminoglycoside antibiotic derived from Streptomyces tenebrarius and used to treat various types of bacterial infections, particularly Gram-negative infections.
Toluene, also known as toluol, is an aromatic hydrocarbon.
Voges–Proskauer or VP is a test used to detect acetoin in a bacterial broth culture.
Vogesella indigofera is a strictly aerobic, Gram-negative bacterium.
Emil Friedrich August Walter (or Walther) Migula (born 1863 in Żyrowa, Poland; died 1938 in Eisenach, Germany) was a Poland-born German botanist.
White blood cells (WBCs), also called leukocytes or leucocytes, are the cells of the immune system that are involved in protecting the body against both infectious disease and foreign invaders.
Xanthomonas is a genus of Proteobacteria, many of which cause plant diseases.
Zavarzinia compransoris is a Gram-negative soil bacterium that comprises the only current member of the genus Zavarzinia.
Zymomonas mobilis is a Gram negative, facultative anaerobic, non-sporulating, polarly-flagellated, rod-shaped bacterium.
16S ribosomal RNA (or 16S rRNA) is the component of the 30S small subunit of a prokaryotic ribosome that binds to the Shine-Dalgarno sequence.