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Psychological trauma

Index Psychological trauma

Psychological trauma is a type of damage to the mind that occurs as a result of a severely distressing event. [1]

117 relations: Abandonment (emotional), Abuse, Acute stress reaction, Alcohol, Alcoholism, Anger, Anxiety, Betrayal trauma, Biofeedback, Borderline personality disorder, Brief psychotic disorder, Bullying, Child abuse, Childhood, Childhood trauma, Clinician Administered PTSD Scale, Cognitive behavioral therapy, Cognitive processing therapy, Combat stress reaction, Comfort object, Complex post-traumatic stress disorder, Confusion, Conversion disorder, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Dialectical behavior therapy, Disease, Dissociation (psychology), Dissociative disorder, Distress (medicine), Domestic violence, Earthquake, Embarrassment, Emotion, Emotion and memory, Emotional detachment, Employment discrimination, Exposure therapy, Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing, Flashback (psychology), Gestalt therapy, Gottfried Fischer, Grief, Harassment, Historical trauma, Human rights, Hypervigilance, Hysteria, In vivo, Indoctrination, Injury, ..., Insomnia, Internal Family Systems Model, Jacques Lacan, Jean Laplanche, Jean-Martin Charcot, Judicial misconduct, Kidnapping, List of terrorist incidents, Major depressive disorder, Major depressive episode, Mental disorder, Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory, Mind, Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory, National Academies Press, National Academy of Medicine, Natural disaster, Neuroticism, Nightmare, Panic attack, Paternalism, Police brutality, Posttraumatic growth, Posttraumatic stress disorder, Poverty, Progressive counting (PC), Prolonged grief disorder, Protective factor, Psychoactive drug, Psychoanalysis, Psychogenic pain, Psychological pain, Psychological resilience, Psychological stress, Psychoneuroimmunology, Psychosomatic medicine, Psychotherapy, Rape trauma syndrome, Rapport, Remote location stress reaction, Repressed memory, Screen memory, Self-esteem, Self-harm, Sensorimotor psychotherapy, Sex trafficking, Sexual abuse, Sigmund Freud, Social support, Somatic experiencing, Somatization disorder, Stress (biology), Structure fire, Substance abuse, The Real, Torture, Traffic collision, Transgenerational trauma, Trauma model of mental disorders, Trauma trigger, Traumatology, Types of volcanic eruptions, Unthought known, Verbal abuse, Vicarious traumatization, Vietnam War, War. Expand index (67 more) »

Abandonment (emotional)

Emotional abandonment is a subjective emotional state in which people feel undesired, left behind, insecure, or discarded.

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Abuse is the improper usage or treatment of an entity, often to unfairly or improperly gain benefit.

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Acute stress reaction

Acute stress reaction (also called acute stress disorder, psychological shock, mental shock, or simply shock) is a psychological condition arising in response to a terrifying or traumatic event, or witnessing a traumatic event that induces a strong emotional response within the individual.

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In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a carbon.

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Alcoholism, also known as alcohol use disorder (AUD), is a broad term for any drinking of alcohol that results in mental or physical health problems.

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Anger or wrath is an intense negative emotion.

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Anxiety is an emotion characterized by an unpleasant state of inner turmoil, often accompanied by nervous behaviour such as pacing back and forth, somatic complaints, and rumination.

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Betrayal trauma

Betrayal trauma is defined as a trauma perpetrated by someone with whom the victim is close to and reliant upon for support and survival.

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Biofeedback is the process of gaining greater awareness of many physiological functions primarily using instruments that provide information on the activity of those same systems, with a goal of being able to manipulate them at will.

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Borderline personality disorder

Borderline personality disorder (BPD), also known as emotionally unstable personality disorder (EUPD), is a long-term pattern of abnormal behavior characterized by unstable relationships with other people, unstable sense of self, and unstable emotions.

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Brief psychotic disorder

Brief psychotic disorder is a period of psychosis whose duration is generally shorter, is not always non-recurring, but can be, and is not caused by another condition.

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Bullying is the use of force, threat, or coercion to abuse, intimidate or aggressively dominate others.

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Child abuse

Child abuse or child maltreatment is physical, sexual, or psychological maltreatment or neglect of a child or children, especially by a parent or other caregiver.

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Childhood is the age span ranging from birth to adolescence.

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Childhood trauma

Childhood trauma has profound psychological, physiological, and sociological impacts and can have negative, lasting effects on health and well-being.

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Clinician Administered PTSD Scale

The Clinically Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS) is an in-person clinical assessment for measuring posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

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Cognitive behavioral therapy

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a psycho-social intervention that is the most widely used evidence-based practice aimed at improving mental health.

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Cognitive processing therapy

Cognitive processing therapy (CPT) is a manualized therapy used by clinicians to help people recover from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and related conditions.

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Combat stress reaction

Combat stress reaction (CSR) is a term used within the military to describe acute behavioral disorganization seen by medical personnel as a direct result of the trauma of war.

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Comfort object

A comfort object, transitional object, or security blanket is an item used to provide psychological comfort, especially in unusual or unique situations, or at bedtime for children.

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Complex post-traumatic stress disorder

Complex post-traumatic stress disorder (C-PTSD; also known as complex trauma disorder) is a psychological disorder thought to occur as a result of repetitive, prolonged trauma involving sustained abuse or abandonment by a caregiver or other interpersonal relationships with an uneven power dynamic.

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Confusion (from Latin confusĭo, -ōnis, from confundere: "to pour together;" "to mingle together;" "to confuse") is the state of being bewildered or unclear in one’s mind about something.

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Conversion disorder

Conversion disorder (CD) is a diagnostic category used in some psychiatric classification systems.

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Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) and offers a common language and standard criteria for the classification of mental disorders.

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Dialectical behavior therapy

Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) is an evidence-based psychotherapy designed to help people suffering from borderline personality disorder.

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A disease is any condition which results in the disorder of a structure or function in an organism that is not due to any external injury.

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Dissociation (psychology)

In psychology, dissociation is any of a wide array of experiences from mild detachment from immediate surroundings to more severe detachment from physical and emotional experiences.

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Dissociative disorder

Dissociative disorders (DD) are conditions that involve disruptions or breakdowns of memory, awareness, identity, or perception.

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Distress (medicine)

In medicine, distress is an aversive state in which a person is unable to completely adapt to stressors and their resulting stress and shows maladaptive behaviors.

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Domestic violence

Domestic violence (also named domestic abuse or family violence) is violence or other abuse by one person against another in a domestic setting, such as in marriage or cohabitation.

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An earthquake (also known as a quake, tremor or temblor) is the shaking of the surface of the Earth, resulting from the sudden release of energy in the Earth's lithosphere that creates seismic waves.

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Embarrassment is an emotional state that is associated with moderate to high levels of discomfort, and which is usually experienced when someone has a socially unacceptable or frowned-upon act or condition that was witnessed by or revealed to others.

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Emotion is any conscious experience characterized by intense mental activity and a certain degree of pleasure or displeasure.

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Emotion and memory

Emotion can have a powerful effect on humans and animals.

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Emotional detachment

In psychology, emotional detachment is the avoidance of emotional connections.

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Employment discrimination

Employment discrimination is a form of discrimination based on race, gender, religion, national origin, physical or mental disability, age, sexual orientation, and gender identity by employers.

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Exposure therapy

Exposure therapy is a technique in behavior therapy thought to help treat anxiety disorders.

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Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing

Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) is a form of psychotherapy in which the person being treated is asked to recall distressing images while generating one of several types of bilateral sensory input, such as side-to-side eye movements or hand tapping.

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Flashback (psychology)

A flashback, or involuntary recurrent memory, is a psychological phenomenon in which an individual has a sudden, usually powerful, re-experiencing of a past experience or elements of a past experience.

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Gestalt therapy

Gestalt therapy is an existential/experiential form of psychotherapy that emphasizes personal responsibility, and that focuses upon the individual's experience in the present moment, the therapist–client relationship, the environmental and social contexts of a person's life, and the self-regulating adjustments people make as a result of their overall situation.

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Gottfried Fischer

Gottfried Fischer (13 September 1944 – 2 October 2013) was a German psychologist, psychotherapist and psychoanalyst.

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Grief is a multifaceted response to loss, particularly to the loss of someone or something that has died, to which a bond or affection was formed.

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Harassment covers a wide range of behaviors of an offensive nature.

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Historical trauma

Historical trauma (HT), a term used by social workers, historians and psychologists, refers to the cumulative emotional and psychological wounding of an individual or generation caused by a traumatic experience or event.

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Human rights

Human rights are moral principles or normsJames Nickel, with assistance from Thomas Pogge, M.B.E. Smith, and Leif Wenar, December 13, 2013, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,, Retrieved August 14, 2014 that describe certain standards of human behaviour and are regularly protected as natural and legal rights in municipal and international law.

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Hypervigilance is an enhanced state of sensory sensitivity accompanied by an exaggerated intensity of behaviors whose purpose is to detect activity.

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Hysteria, in the colloquial use of the term, means ungovernable emotional excess.

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In vivo

Studies that are in vivo (Latin for "within the living"; often not italicized in English) are those in which the effects of various biological entities are tested on whole, living organisms or cells, usually animals, including humans, and plants, as opposed to a tissue extract or dead organism.

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Indoctrination is the process of inculcating a person with ideas, attitudes, cognitive strategies or professional methodologies (see doctrine).

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Injury, also known as physical trauma, is damage to the body caused by external force.

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Insomnia, also known as sleeplessness, is a sleep disorder where people have trouble sleeping.

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Internal Family Systems Model

The Internal Family Systems Model (IFS) is an integrative approach to individual psychotherapy developed by Richard C. Schwartz.

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Jacques Lacan

Jacques Marie Émile Lacan (13 April 1901 – 9 September 1981) was a French psychoanalyst and psychiatrist who has been called "the most controversial psycho-analyst since Freud".

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Jean Laplanche

Jean Laplanche (21 June 1924 – 6 May 2012) was a French author, psychoanalyst and winemaker.

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Jean-Martin Charcot

Jean-Martin Charcot (29 November 1825 – 16 August 1893) was a French neurologist and professor of anatomical pathology.

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Judicial misconduct

Judicial misconduct occurs when a judge acts in ways that are considered unethical or otherwise violate the judge's obligations of impartial conduct.

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In criminal law, kidnapping is the unlawful carrying away (asportation) and confinement of a person against his or her will.

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List of terrorist incidents

This list is incomplete.

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Major depressive disorder

Major depressive disorder (MDD), also known simply as depression, is a mental disorder characterized by at least two weeks of low mood that is present across most situations.

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Major depressive episode

A major depressive episode (MDE) is a period characterized by the symptoms of major depressive disorder.

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Mental disorder

A mental disorder, also called a mental illness or psychiatric disorder, is a behavioral or mental pattern that causes significant distress or impairment of personal functioning.

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Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory

The Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory - Fourth Edition (MCMI-IV) is the most recent edition of the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory.

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The mind is a set of cognitive faculties including consciousness, perception, thinking, judgement, language and memory.

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Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory

The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) is a standardized psychometric test of adult personality and psychopathology.

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National Academies Press

The National Academies Press (NAP) was created to publish the reports issued by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, the National Academy of Engineering, the National Academy of Medicine, and the National Research Council.

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National Academy of Medicine

The National Academy of Medicine (NAM), formerly called the Institute of Medicine (IoM), is an American nonprofit, non-governmental organization.

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Natural disaster

A natural disaster is a major adverse event resulting from natural processes of the Earth; examples include floods, hurricanes, tornadoes, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tsunamis, and other geologic processes.

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Neuroticism is one of the Big Five higher-order personality traits in the study of psychology.

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A nightmare, also called a bad dream, Retrieved July 11, 2016.

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Panic attack

Panic attacks are sudden periods of intense fear that may include palpitations, sweating, shaking, shortness of breath, numbness, or a feeling that something bad is going to happen.

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Paternalism is action limiting a person's or group's liberty or autonomy which is intended to promote their own good.

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Police brutality

Police brutality is one of several forms of police misconduct which involves undue violence by police members.

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Posttraumatic growth

Post-traumatic growth (PTG) or benefit finding is positive psychological change experienced as a result of adversity and other challenges in order to rise to a higher level of functioning.

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Posttraumatic stress disorder

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)Acceptable variants of this term exist; see the Terminology section in this article.

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Poverty is the scarcity or the lack of a certain (variant) amount of material possessions or money.

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Progressive counting (PC)

Progressive counting (PC) is a psychotherapy technique developed by Ricky Greenwald designed for trauma resolution based on the counting method.

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Prolonged grief disorder

Prolonged grief disorder (PGD) refers to a syndrome consisting of a distinct set of symptoms following the death of a loved one.

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Protective factor

Protective factors are conditions or attributes (skills, strengths, resources, supports or coping strategies) in individuals, families, communities or the larger society that help people deal more effectively with stressful events and mitigate or eliminate risk in families and communities.

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Psychoactive drug

A psychoactive drug, psychopharmaceutical, or psychotropic is a chemical substance that changes brain function and results in alterations in perception, mood, consciousness, cognition, or behavior.

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Psychoanalysis is a set of theories and therapeutic techniques related to the study of the unconscious mind, which together form a method of treatment for mental-health disorders.

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Psychogenic pain

Psychogenic pain, also called psychalgia, is physical pain that is caused, increased, or prolonged by mental, emotional, or behavioral factors.

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Psychological pain

Psychological pain, mental pain, or emotional pain is an unpleasant feeling (a suffering) of a psychological, non-physical origin.

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Psychological resilience

Psychological resilience is the ability to successfully cope with a crisis and to return to pre-crisis status quickly.

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Psychological stress

In psychology, stress is a feeling of strain and pressure.

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Psychoneuroimmunology (PNI), also referred to as psychoendoneuroimmunology (PENI) or psychoneuroendocrinoimmunology (PNEI), is the study of the interaction between psychological processes and the nervous and immune systems of the human body.

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Psychosomatic medicine

Psychosomatic medicine is an interdisciplinary medical field exploring the relationships among social, psychological, and behavioral factors on bodily processes and quality of life in humans and animals.

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Psychotherapy is the use of psychological methods, particularly when based on regular personal interaction, to help a person change behavior and overcome problems in desired ways.

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Rape trauma syndrome

Rape trauma syndrome (RTS) is the psychological trauma experienced by a rape victim that includes disruptions to normal physical, emotional, cognitive, and interpersonal behavior.

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Rapport is a close and harmonious relationship in which the people or groups concerned are “in sync” with each other, understand each other's feelings or ideas, and communicate smoothly.

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Remote location stress reaction

Remote location stress reaction, in the past commonly known as logging fatigue, is a range of behaviours resulting from the stress of data logging which decrease the operator's working efficiency.

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Repressed memory

Repressed memories are memories that have been unconsciously blocked due to the memory being associated with a high level of stress or trauma.

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Screen memory

A screen memory is a distorted memory, generally of a visual rather than verbal nature, deriving from childhood.

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Self-esteem reflects an individual's overall subjective emotional evaluation of his or her own worth.

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Self-harm, also known as self-injury, is defined as the intentional, direct injuring of body tissue, done without suicidal intentions.

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Sensorimotor psychotherapy

Sensorimotor Psychotherapy, developed by Pat Ogden, is a trademarked method of somatic psychotherapy and is a "body-oriented talk therapy".

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Sex trafficking

Sex trafficking is human trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation, including sexual slavery.

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Sexual abuse

Sexual abuse, also referred to as molestation, is usually undesired sexual behavior by one person upon another.

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Sigmund Freud

Sigmund Freud (born Sigismund Schlomo Freud; 6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst.

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Social support

Social support is the perception and actuality that one is cared for, has assistance available from other people, and most popularly, that one is part of a supportive social network.

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Somatic experiencing

Somatic experiencing is a form of alternative therapy aimed at relieving the symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other mental and physical trauma-related health problems by focusing on the client's perceived body sensations (or somatic experiences).

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Somatization disorder

Somatization disorder (also Briquet's syndrome) is a mental disorder characterized by recurring, multiple, and current, clinically significant complaints about somatic symptoms, although it is no longer considered a clinical diagnosis.

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Stress (biology)

Physiological or biological stress is an organism's response to a stressor such as an environmental condition.

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Structure fire

A structure fire is a fire involving the structural components of various types of residential, commercial or industrial buildings.

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Substance abuse

Substance abuse, also known as drug abuse, is a patterned use of a drug in which the user consumes the substance in amounts or with methods which are harmful to themselves or others, and is a form of substance-related disorder.

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The Real

In philosophy, the Real is that which is the authentic, unchangeable truth.

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Torture (from the Latin tortus, "twisted") is the act of deliberately inflicting physical or psychological pain in order to fulfill some desire of the torturer or compel some action from the victim.

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Traffic collision

A traffic collision, also called a motor vehicle collision (MVC) among other terms, occurs when a vehicle collides with another vehicle, pedestrian, animal, road debris, or other stationary obstruction, such as a tree, pole or building.

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Transgenerational trauma

Transgenerational trauma is trauma that is transferred from the first generation of trauma survivors to the second and further generations of offspring of the survivors via complex post-traumatic stress disorder mechanisms.

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Trauma model of mental disorders

The trauma model of mental disorders, or trauma model of psychopathology, emphasises the effects of physical, sexual and psychological trauma as key causal factors in the development of psychiatric disorders, including depression and anxiety as well as psychoses, whether the trauma is experienced in childhood or adulthood.

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Trauma trigger

A trauma trigger is the subjective attribution that a psychologic stimulus caused someone to recall the memory of a previous psychological trauma, although the stimulus itself need not be frightening or traumatic and can be indirectly or superficially reminiscent of an earlier traumatic incident.

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In medicine, traumatology (from Greek trauma, meaning injury or wound) is the study of wounds and injuries caused by accidents or violence to a person, and the surgical therapy and repair of the damage.

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Types of volcanic eruptions

Several types of volcanic eruptions—during which lava, tephra (ash, lapilli, volcanic bombs and volcanic blocks), and assorted gases are expelled from a volcanic vent or fissure—have been distinguished by volcanologists.

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Unthought known

Unthought known is a phrase coined by Christopher Bollas in the 1980s to represent those experiences in some way known to the individual, but about which the individual is unable to think.

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Verbal abuse

Verbal abuse (verbal attack or verbal assault) is when a person forcefully criticizes, insults, or denounces someone else.

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Vicarious traumatization

Vicarious traumatization (VT) is a transformation in the self of a trauma worker or helper that results from empathic engagement with traumatized clients and their reports of traumatic experiences.

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Vietnam War

The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.

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War is a state of armed conflict between states, societies and informal groups, such as insurgents and militias.

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Emotional trauma, Mental trauma, TAMAR, TAMAR Education Project, Trauma (psychology), Traumatic event (psychological), Traumatic experience, Traumatic experiences, Traumatic situation, Traumatize, Traumatized, Traumatizing.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychological_trauma

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