Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Faster access than browser!


Index Psychotherapy

Psychotherapy is the use of psychological methods, particularly when based on regular personal interaction, to help a person change behavior and overcome problems in desired ways. [1]

293 relations: Aaron T. Beck, Abraham Maslow, Acceptance and commitment therapy, Addison-Wesley, Adherence (medicine), Adverse effect, Against Therapy, Albert Ellis, Alfred Adler, Amand-Marie-Jacques de Chastenet, Marquis of Puységur, American Board of Professional Psychology, American Psychological Association, American Psychologist, Amsterdam, Ancient Greek, Animal magnetism, Anna Freud, Application software, Applied behavior analysis, Arousal, Art therapy, Augsburg Fortress, B. F. Skinner, Behavior, Behavior modification, Behavioral and Brain Sciences, Behaviorism, Behaviour therapy, Bertha Pappenheim, Body psychotherapy, Bodywork (alternative medicine), Brief psychotherapy, British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy, British Psychoanalytic Council, Cambridge University Press, Carl Jung, Carl Rogers, Charles Scribner's Sons, Classical conditioning, Client confidentiality, Clinical psychology, Clinical Psychology Review, Coaching, Cognition, Cognitive analytic therapy, Cognitive behavioral therapy, Cognitive processing therapy, Cognitive therapy, Coherence therapy, Common factors theory, ..., Community psychology, Consciousness, Constructivism (psychological school), Contingency management, Conversation, Couples therapy, Dance therapy, Daniel Hack Tuke, Department of Health and Social Care, Depth psychology, Determinism, Developmental psychology, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Dialectical behavior therapy, Discourse analysis, Dodo bird verdict, Drama, Drama therapy, Dream interpretation, Drug, Dual diagnosis, Eastern philosophy in clinical psychology, Eclectic psychotherapy, Economic and Social Research Council, Ego psychology, Emmy van Deurzen, Emotion, Empathy, Empiricism, Eric Berne, Erik Erikson, European Association for Psychotherapy, European Union, Evidence-based medicine, Existential therapy, Existentialism, Experiential knowledge, Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research, Exposure therapy, Expressive therapy, Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing, Family therapy, Feminism, Feminist therapy, Franz Mesmer, Frederik van Eeden, Free association (psychology), Free Press (publisher), Friedrich Nietzsche, Fritz Perls, Functional analytic psychotherapy, Gabriel Marcel, Gaslighting, Gestalt therapy, Glasser's choice theory, Grief counseling, Group psychotherapy, Hakomi, Hans Eysenck, Health and Care Professions Council, Heinz Kohut, Hippolyte Bernheim, History of the Human Sciences, Human givens, Humanistic psychology, Hypnosis, Id, ego and super-ego, Improving Access to Psychological Therapies, Indigenous peoples, Insight-oriented psychotherapy, Integrative body psychotherapy, Integrative psychotherapy, Internal Family Systems Model, Interpersonal psychotherapy, Interpersonal relationship, Irvin D. Yalom, Jacob L. Moreno, Jason Aronson, Jay Lebow, Jean-Paul Sartre, Jerome Frank (psychiatrist), John B. Watson, John C. Norcross, John Wiley & Sons, Josef Breuer, Joseph Wolpe, Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, Jurisdiction, Karen Horney, King's College London, Laura Perls, Linguistics, List of counseling topics, List of psychotherapy journals, Ludwig Binswanger, Martin Heidegger, Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Medard Boss, Medical model, Meditation, Melanie Klein, Memory, Mental disorder, Mental health, Mental health professional, Mercer University Press, Michel Foucault, Mindfulness, Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, Molecular neuroscience, Monism, Mood (psychology), Moral treatment, Moscow, Multimodal therapy, Multitheoretical psychotherapy, Music therapy, Nancy, France, Narrative, Narrative therapy, National Alliance on Mental Illness, National Board of Health and Welfare (Sweden), National Health Service, National Institute of Mental Health, Neurology, Nomothetic and idiographic, Nonviolent Communication, Northfield Hospital, Object relations theory, Obsessive–compulsive disorder, Online counseling, Operant conditioning, Otto Rank, Oxford Companions, Oxford English Dictionary, Palgrave Macmillan, Parent management training, Pathology, Paul Ferdinand Schilder, Person-centered therapy, Persuasion, Pharmaceutical industry, Pharmacotherapy, Phenomenology (philosophy), Phenomenology (psychology), Phobia, Physical body, Physical therapy, Placebo, Placebo-controlled study, Play (activity), Play therapy, Positive psychology, Positive psychotherapy, Post-structuralism, Postmodernism, Posttraumatic stress disorder, Power (social and political), Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, Professional Standards Authority for Health and Social Care, Pseudoscience, Psyche (psychology), Psychiatric medication, Psychiatric somatotherapy, Psychiatrist, Psychoanalysis, Psychoanalytic Psychology (journal), Psychodrama, Psychodynamic psychotherapy, Psychodynamics, Psychological Reports, Psychology, Psychotherapy Research, R. D. Laing, Randomized controlled trial, Rational emotive behavior therapy, Reality therapy, Reichian body-oriented psychotherapy, Relapse prevention, Replication crisis, Rhetoric, Rollo May, Routledge, S. H. Foulkes, SAGE Publications, Søren Kierkegaard, Self, Self psychology, Self-actualization, Sensorimotor psychotherapy, Sigmund Freud, Social constructionism, Social learning theory, Social Science & Medicine, Social skills, Social work, Sociotherapy, Socratic method, Solution-focused brief therapy, Somatic experiencing, Somatic psychology, Spirituality, Stage hypnosis, Stoicism, Subjectivity, Substance use disorder, Supportive psychotherapy, Systemic therapy (psychotherapy), Talking cure, Taylor & Francis, Telephone counseling, The New York Times, The Stationery Office, Theory & Psychology, Therapeutic community, Therapeutic relationship, Thomas C. Oden, Transaction Publishers, Transactional analysis, Transference, Transpersonal psychology, Transtheoretical model, Treatment and control groups, Ubuntu philosophy, Umbrella term, Unconscious mind, Unconsciousness, United Kingdom, United Kingdom Council for Psychotherapy, University of Nevada Press, Vegetotherapy, Viktor Frankl, Virtual reality, Virtual reality therapy, Walter Cooper Dendy, Well-being, Western culture, Wilfred Bion, Wilhelm Reich, Work of art, Writing therapy. Expand index (243 more) »

Aaron T. Beck

Aaron Temkin Beck (born July 18, 1921) is an American psychiatrist who is professor emeritus in the department of psychiatry at the University of Pennsylvania.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Aaron T. Beck · See more »

Abraham Maslow

Abraham Harold Maslow (April 1, 1908 – June 8, 1970) was an American psychologist who was best known for creating Maslow's hierarchy of needs, a theory of psychological health predicated on fulfilling innate human needs in priority, culminating in self-actualization.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Abraham Maslow · See more »

Acceptance and commitment therapy

Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT, typically pronounced as the word "act") is a form of counseling and a branch of clinical behavior analysis.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Acceptance and commitment therapy · See more »


Addison-Wesley is a publisher of textbooks and computer literature.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Addison-Wesley · See more »

Adherence (medicine)

In medicine, compliance (also adherence, capacitance) describes the degree to which a patient correctly follows medical advice.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Adherence (medicine) · See more »

Adverse effect

In medicine, an adverse effect is an undesired harmful effect resulting from a medication or other intervention such as surgery.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Adverse effect · See more »

Against Therapy

Against Therapy: Emotional Tyranny and the Myth of Psychological Healing is a 1988 book by author Jeffrey Moussaieff Masson, in which the author argues against the practice of psychotherapy.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Against Therapy · See more »

Albert Ellis

Albert Ellis (September 27, 1913 – July 24, 2007) was an American psychologist who in 1955 developed Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT).

New!!: Psychotherapy and Albert Ellis · See more »

Alfred Adler

Alfred W. Adler(7 February 1870 – 28 May 1937) was an Austrian medical doctor, psychotherapist, and founder of the school of individual psychology.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Alfred Adler · See more »

Amand-Marie-Jacques de Chastenet, Marquis of Puységur

Although Amand-Marie-Jacques de Chastenet, Marquis de Puységur (1751–1825) was a French magnetizer aristocrat from one of the most illustrious families of the French nobility, he is now remembered as one of the pre-scientific founders of hypnotism (a branch of animal magnetism, or Mesmerism).

New!!: Psychotherapy and Amand-Marie-Jacques de Chastenet, Marquis of Puységur · See more »

American Board of Professional Psychology

The American Board of Professional Psychology (ABPP) is the primary organization for specialty board certification in psychology.

New!!: Psychotherapy and American Board of Professional Psychology · See more »

American Psychological Association

The American Psychological Association (APA) is the largest scientific and professional organization of psychologists in the United States, with around 117,500 members including scientists, educators, clinicians, consultants, and students.

New!!: Psychotherapy and American Psychological Association · See more »

American Psychologist

American Psychologist is the official peer-reviewed academic journal of the American Psychological Association.

New!!: Psychotherapy and American Psychologist · See more »


Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Netherlands.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Amsterdam · See more »

Ancient Greek

The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Ancient Greek · See more »

Animal magnetism

Animal magnetism, also known as mesmerism, was the name given by the German doctor Franz Mesmer in the 18th century to what he believed to be an invisible natural force (lebensmagnetismus) possessed by all living/animate beings (humans, animals, vegetables, etc.). He believed that the force could have physical effects, including healing.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Animal magnetism · See more »

Anna Freud

Anna Freud (3 December 1895 – 9 October 1982) was an Austrian-British psychoanalyst.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Anna Freud · See more »

Application software

An application software (app or application for short) is a computer software designed to perform a group of coordinated functions, tasks, or activities for the benefit of the user.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Application software · See more »

Applied behavior analysis

Applied behavior analysis (ABA) is a scientific discipline concerned with applying techniques based upon the principles of learning to change behavior of social significance.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Applied behavior analysis · See more »


Arousal is the physiological and psychological state of being awoken or of sense organs stimulated to a point of perception.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Arousal · See more »

Art therapy

Art therapy (also known as arts therapy) is a creative method of expression used as a therapeutic technique.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Art therapy · See more »

Augsburg Fortress

Augsburg Fortress is the official publishing house of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA), also publishing for the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Canada (ELCIC) as Augsburg Fortress Canada.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Augsburg Fortress · See more »

B. F. Skinner

Burrhus Frederic Skinner (March 20, 1904 – August 18, 1990), commonly known as B. F. Skinner, was an American psychologist, behaviorist, author, inventor, and social philosopher.

New!!: Psychotherapy and B. F. Skinner · See more »


Behavior (American English) or behaviour (Commonwealth English) is the range of actions and mannerisms made by individuals, organisms, systems, or artificial entities in conjunction with themselves or their environment, which includes the other systems or organisms around as well as the (inanimate) physical environment.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Behavior · See more »

Behavior modification

Behavior modification refers to behavior-change procedures that were employed during the 1970s and early 1980s.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Behavior modification · See more »

Behavioral and Brain Sciences

Behavioral and Brain Sciences is a peer-reviewed scientific journal of Open Peer Commentary established in 1978 by Stevan Harnad and published by Cambridge University Press.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Behavioral and Brain Sciences · See more »


Behaviorism (or behaviourism) is a systematic approach to understanding the behavior of humans and other animals.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Behaviorism · See more »

Behaviour therapy

Behaviour therapy is a broad term referring to clinical psychotherapy that uses techniques derived from behaviourism.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Behaviour therapy · See more »

Bertha Pappenheim

Bertha Pappenheim (February 27, 1859 – May 28, 1936) was an Austrian-Jewish feminist, a social pioneer, and the founder of the Jewish Women's Association (Jüdischer Frauenbund).

New!!: Psychotherapy and Bertha Pappenheim · See more »

Body psychotherapy

Body psychotherapy, also called body-oriented psychotherapy, is an approach to psychotherapy which applies basic principles of somatic psychology.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Body psychotherapy · See more »

Bodywork (alternative medicine)

In alternative medicine, bodywork is any therapeutic or personal development technique that involves working with the human body in a form involving manipulative therapy, breath work, or energy medicine.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Bodywork (alternative medicine) · See more »

Brief psychotherapy

Brief psychotherapy (also brief therapy, planned short-term therapy) is an umbrella term for a variety of approaches to short-term, solution-oriented psychotherapy.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Brief psychotherapy · See more »

British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy

The British Association for Counselling grew from the Standing Conference for the Advancement of Counselling, a grouping of organisations inaugurated in 1970 at the instigation of the National Council for Voluntary Organisations.

New!!: Psychotherapy and British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy · See more »

British Psychoanalytic Council

The British Psychoanalytic Council (BPC) is an association of training institutions and professional associations which have their roots in established psychoanalysis and analytical psychology.

New!!: Psychotherapy and British Psychoanalytic Council · See more »

Cambridge University Press

Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Cambridge University Press · See more »

Carl Jung

Carl Gustav Jung (26 July 1875 – 6 June 1961) was a Swiss psychiatrist and psychoanalyst who founded analytical psychology.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Carl Jung · See more »

Carl Rogers

Carl Ransom Rogers (January 8, 1902 – February 4, 1987) was an American psychologist and among the founders of the humanistic approach (or client-centered approach) to psychology.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Carl Rogers · See more »

Charles Scribner's Sons

Charles Scribner's Sons, or simply Scribner's or Scribner, is an American publisher based in New York City, known for publishing American authors including Ernest Hemingway, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Kurt Vonnegut, Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, Stephen King, Robert A. Heinlein, Thomas Wolfe, George Santayana, John Clellon Holmes, Don DeLillo, and Edith Wharton.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Charles Scribner's Sons · See more »

Classical conditioning

Classical conditioning (also known as Pavlovian or respondent conditioning) refers to a learning procedure in which a biologically potent stimulus (e.g. food) is paired with a previously neutral stimulus (e.g. a bell).

New!!: Psychotherapy and Classical conditioning · See more »

Client confidentiality

Client confidentiality is the principle that an institution or individual should not reveal information about their clients to a third party without the consent of the client or a clear legal reason.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Client confidentiality · See more »

Clinical psychology

Clinical psychology is an integration of science, theory and clinical knowledge for the purpose of understanding, preventing, and relieving psychologically-based distress or dysfunction and to promote subjective well-being and personal development.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Clinical psychology · See more »

Clinical Psychology Review

Clinical Psychology Review is an academic journal that reviews the field of clinical psychology.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Clinical Psychology Review · See more »


Coaching is a form of development in which a person called a coach supports a learner or client in achieving a specific personal or professional goal by providing training and guidance.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Coaching · See more »


Cognition is "the mental action or process of acquiring knowledge and understanding through thought, experience, and the senses".

New!!: Psychotherapy and Cognition · See more »

Cognitive analytic therapy

Cognitive analytic therapy (CAT) is a form of psychological therapy initially developed in the United Kingdom by Anthony Ryle.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Cognitive analytic therapy · See more »

Cognitive behavioral therapy

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a psycho-social intervention that is the most widely used evidence-based practice aimed at improving mental health.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Cognitive behavioral therapy · See more »

Cognitive processing therapy

Cognitive processing therapy (CPT) is a manualized therapy used by clinicians to help people recover from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and related conditions.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Cognitive processing therapy · See more »

Cognitive therapy

Cognitive therapy (CT) is a type of psychotherapy developed by American psychiatrist Aaron T. Beck.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Cognitive therapy · See more »

Coherence therapy

Coherence therapy is a system of psychotherapy based in the theory that symptoms of mood, thought and behavior are produced coherently according to the person's current mental models of reality, most of which are implicit and unconscious.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Coherence therapy · See more »

Common factors theory

Common factors theory, a theory guiding some research in clinical psychology and counseling psychology, proposes that different approaches and evidence-based practices in psychotherapy and counseling share common factors that account for much of the effectiveness of a psychological treatment.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Common factors theory · See more »

Community psychology

Community psychology studies the individuals' contexts within communities and the wider society,Jim Orford, Community Psychology: Challenges, Controversies and Emerging Consensus, John Wiley and Sons, 2008 and the relationships of the individual to communities and society.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Community psychology · See more »


Consciousness is the state or quality of awareness, or, of being aware of an external object or something within oneself.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Consciousness · See more »

Constructivism (psychological school)

In psychology, constructivism refers to many schools of thought that, though extraordinarily different in their techniques (applied in fields such as education and psychotherapy), are all connected by a common critique of previous standard approaches, and by shared assumptions about the active constructive nature of human knowledge.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Constructivism (psychological school) · See more »

Contingency management

Contingency management (CM) is most-widely used in the field of substance abuse, often implemented as part of clinical behavior analysis.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Contingency management · See more »


Conversation is interactive communication between two or more people.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Conversation · See more »

Couples therapy

Couple's therapy (also couples' counselling or marriage therapy) attempts to improve romantic relationships and resolve interpersonal conflicts.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Couples therapy · See more »

Dance therapy

Dance/movement therapy (DMT) in USA/ Australia or dance movement psychotherapy (DMP) in the UK is the psychotherapeutic use of movement and dance to support intellectual, emotional, and motor functions of the body.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Dance therapy · See more »

Daniel Hack Tuke

Daniel Hack Tuke (19 April 18275 March 1895) was an English physician and expert on mental illness.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Daniel Hack Tuke · See more »

Department of Health and Social Care

The Department of Health and Social Care (DHSC) is a department of Her Majesty's Government, responsible for government policy on health and adult social care matters in England, along with a few elements of the same matters which are not otherwise devolved to the Scottish Government, Welsh Government or Northern Ireland Executive.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Department of Health and Social Care · See more »

Depth psychology

Historically, depth psychology (from the German term Tiefenpsychologie), was coined by Eugen Bleuler to refer to psychoanalytic approaches to therapy and research which take the unconscious into account.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Depth psychology · See more »


Determinism is the philosophical theory that all events, including moral choices, are completely determined by previously existing causes.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Determinism · See more »

Developmental psychology

Developmental psychology is the scientific study of how and why human beings change over the course of their life.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Developmental psychology · See more »

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) and offers a common language and standard criteria for the classification of mental disorders.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders · See more »

Dialectical behavior therapy

Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) is an evidence-based psychotherapy designed to help people suffering from borderline personality disorder.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Dialectical behavior therapy · See more »

Discourse analysis

Discourse analysis (DA), or discourse studies, is a general term for a number of approaches to analyze written, vocal, or sign language use, or any significant semiotic event.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Discourse analysis · See more »

Dodo bird verdict

The Dodo bird verdict (or Dodo bird conjecture) is a controversial topic in psychotherapy, referring to the claim that all psychotherapies, regardless of their specific components, produce equivalent outcomes.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Dodo bird verdict · See more »


Drama is the specific mode of fiction represented in performance: a play performed in a theatre, or on radio or television.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Drama · See more »

Drama therapy

Drama therapy (written dramatherapy in the UK, Europe, Australia, and Africa) is the use of theatre techniques to facilitate personal growth and promote mental health.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Drama therapy · See more »

Dream interpretation

Dream interpretation is the process of assigning meaning to dreams.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Dream interpretation · See more »


A drug is any substance (other than food that provides nutritional support) that, when inhaled, injected, smoked, consumed, absorbed via a patch on the skin, or dissolved under the tongue causes a temporary physiological (and often psychological) change in the body.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Drug · See more »

Dual diagnosis

Dual diagnosis (also called co-occurring disorders, COD, or dual pathology) is the condition of suffering from a mental illness and a comorbid substance abuse problem.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Dual diagnosis · See more »

Eastern philosophy in clinical psychology

Eastern philosophy in clinical psychology refers to the influence of Eastern philosophies on the practice of clinical psychology based on the idea that East and West are false dichotomies.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Eastern philosophy in clinical psychology · See more »

Eclectic psychotherapy

Eclectic psychotherapy is a form of psychotherapy in which the clinician uses more than one theoretical approach, or multiple sets of techniques, to help with clients' needs.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Eclectic psychotherapy · See more »

Economic and Social Research Council

The Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) is one of the seven Research Councils in the United Kingdom.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Economic and Social Research Council · See more »

Ego psychology

Ego psychology is a school of psychoanalysis rooted in Sigmund Freud's structural id-ego-superego model of the mind.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Ego psychology · See more »

Emmy van Deurzen

Emmy van Deurzen (born 13 December 1951 in The Hague, Netherlands) is an existential therapist.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Emmy van Deurzen · See more »


Emotion is any conscious experience characterized by intense mental activity and a certain degree of pleasure or displeasure.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Emotion · See more »


Empathy is the capacity to understand or feel what another person is experiencing from within their frame of reference, i.e., the capacity to place oneself in another's position.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Empathy · See more »


In philosophy, empiricism is a theory that states that knowledge comes only or primarily from sensory experience.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Empiricism · See more »

Eric Berne

Eric Berne (May 10, 1910 – July 15, 1970) was a Canadian-born psychiatrist who, in the middle of the 20th century, created the theory of transactional analysis as a way of explaining human behavior.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Eric Berne · See more »

Erik Erikson

Erik Homberger Erikson (born Erik Salomonsen; 15 June 1902 – 12 May 1994) was a German-American developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst known for his theory on psychological development of human beings.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Erik Erikson · See more »

European Association for Psychotherapy

The European Association for Psychotherapy (EAP) is a Vienna-based umbrella organisation for 128 psychotherapist organizations (including 28 national associations and 17 European associations) from 41 countries with a membership of more than 120,000 psychotherapists.

New!!: Psychotherapy and European Association for Psychotherapy · See more »

European Union

The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.

New!!: Psychotherapy and European Union · See more »

Evidence-based medicine

Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is an approach to medical practice intended to optimize decision-making by emphasizing the use of evidence from well-designed and well-conducted research.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Evidence-based medicine · See more »

Existential therapy

Existential psychotherapy is a form of psychotherapy that, like the existential philosophy which underlies it, is founded upon the belief that human existence is best understood through an in-depth examination of our own experiences.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Existential therapy · See more »


Existentialism is a tradition of philosophical inquiry associated mainly with certain 19th and 20th-century European philosophers who, despite profound doctrinal differences,Oxford Companion to Philosophy, ed.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Existentialism · See more »

Experiential knowledge

Experiential knowledge is knowledge gained through experience, as opposed to a priori (before experience) knowledge: it can also be contrasted both with propositional (textbook) knowledge, and with practical knowledge.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Experiential knowledge · See more »

Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research

Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research is a bimonthly peer-reviewed medical journal covering all aspects of pharmacoeconomics.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research · See more »

Exposure therapy

Exposure therapy is a technique in behavior therapy thought to help treat anxiety disorders.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Exposure therapy · See more »

Expressive therapy

Expressive therapy, also known as the expressive therapies, expressive arts therapy or creative arts therapy, is the use of the creative arts as a form of therapy.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Expressive therapy · See more »

Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing

Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) is a form of psychotherapy in which the person being treated is asked to recall distressing images while generating one of several types of bilateral sensory input, such as side-to-side eye movements or hand tapping.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing · See more »

Family therapy

Family therapy, also referred to as couple and family therapy, marriage and family therapy, family systems therapy, and family counseling, is a branch of psychotherapy that works with families and couples in intimate relationships to nurture change and development.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Family therapy · See more »


Feminism is a range of political movements, ideologies, and social movements that share a common goal: to define, establish, and achieve political, economic, personal, and social equality of sexes.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Feminism · See more »

Feminist therapy

Feminist therapy is a set of related therapies arising from what proponents see as a disparity between the origin of most psychological theories and the majority of people seeking counseling being female.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Feminist therapy · See more »

Franz Mesmer

Franz Friedrich Anton Mesmer (May 23, 1734 – March 5, 1815) was a German physician with an interest in astronomy who theorised that there was a natural energetic transference that occurred between all animated and inanimate objects that he called animal magnetism, sometimes later referred to as mesmerism.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Franz Mesmer · See more »

Frederik van Eeden

Frederik Willem van Eeden (3 April 1860, Haarlem – 16 June 1932, Bussum) was a late 19th-century and early 20th-century Dutch writer and psychiatrist.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Frederik van Eeden · See more »

Free association (psychology)

Free association is a technique used in psychoanalysis (and also in psychodynamic theory) which was originally devised by Sigmund Freud out of the hypnotic method of his mentor and colleague, Josef Breuer.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Free association (psychology) · See more »

Free Press (publisher)

Free Press was a book publishing imprint of Simon & Schuster.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Free Press (publisher) · See more »

Friedrich Nietzsche

Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (15 October 1844 – 25 August 1900) was a German philosopher, cultural critic, composer, poet, philologist and a Latin and Greek scholar whose work has exerted a profound influence on Western philosophy and modern intellectual history.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Friedrich Nietzsche · See more »

Fritz Perls

Friedrich (Frederick) Salomon Perls (July 8, 1893 – March 14, 1970), better known as Fritz Perls, was a noted German-born psychiatrist and psychotherapist.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Fritz Perls · See more »

Functional analytic psychotherapy

Functional analytic psychotherapy (FAP) is a psychotherapeutic approach based on clinical behavior analysis (CBA) that focuses on the therapeutic relationship as a means to maximize client change.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Functional analytic psychotherapy · See more »

Gabriel Marcel

Gabriel Honoré Marcel (7 December 1889 – 8 October 1973) was a French philosopher, playwright, music critic and leading Christian existentialist.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Gabriel Marcel · See more »


Gaslighting is a form of psychological manipulation that seeks to sow seeds of doubt in a targeted individual or in members of a targeted group, making them question their own memory, perception, and sanity.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Gaslighting · See more »

Gestalt therapy

Gestalt therapy is an existential/experiential form of psychotherapy that emphasizes personal responsibility, and that focuses upon the individual's experience in the present moment, the therapist–client relationship, the environmental and social contexts of a person's life, and the self-regulating adjustments people make as a result of their overall situation.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Gestalt therapy · See more »

Glasser's choice theory

The term choice theory is the work of William Glasser, MD, author of the book so named, and is the culmination of some 50 years of theory and practice in psychology and counselling.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Glasser's choice theory · See more »

Grief counseling

Grief counseling is a form of psychotherapy that aims to help people cope with grief and mourning following the death of loved ones, or with major life changes that trigger feelings of grief (e.g., divorce, or job loss).

New!!: Psychotherapy and Grief counseling · See more »

Group psychotherapy

Group psychotherapy or group therapy is a form of psychotherapy in which one or more therapists treat a small group of clients together as a group.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Group psychotherapy · See more »


Hakomi Method is a form of mindfulness-centered somatic psychotherapy developed by Ron Kurtz in the 1970s.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Hakomi · See more »

Hans Eysenck

Hans Jürgen Eysenck, PhD, DSc (4 March 1916 – 4 September 1997) was a German-born English psychologist who spent his professional career in Great Britain.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Hans Eysenck · See more »

Health and Care Professions Council

The Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC, formerly the Health Professions Council, HPC) is a statutory regulator of over 344,000 professionals from 16 health and care professions in the United Kingdom.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Health and Care Professions Council · See more »

Heinz Kohut

Heinz Kohut (3 May 1913 – 8 October 1981) was an Austrian-American psychoanalyst best known for his development of self psychology, an influential school of thought within psychodynamic/psychoanalytic theory which helped transform the modern practice of analytic and dynamic treatment approaches.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Heinz Kohut · See more »

Hippolyte Bernheim

Hippolyte Bernheim (17 April 1840, in Mulhouse – 2 February 1919, in Paris) was a French physician and neurologist, born at Mülhausen, Alsace.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Hippolyte Bernheim · See more »

History of the Human Sciences

History of the Human Sciences is a peer-reviewed academic journal that covers research on the history of the human sciences.

New!!: Psychotherapy and History of the Human Sciences · See more »

Human givens

Human Givens is the name of a theory in psychotherapy formulated in the United Kingdom, first outlined by Joe Griffin and Ivan Tyrrell in the late 1990s.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Human givens · See more »

Humanistic psychology

Humanistic psychology is a psychological perspective that rose to prominence in the mid-20th century in answer to the limitations of Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytic theory and B. F. Skinner's behaviorism.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Humanistic psychology · See more »


Hypnosis is a state of human consciousness involving focused attention and reduced peripheral awareness and an enhanced capacity to respond to suggestion.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Hypnosis · See more »

Id, ego and super-ego

The id, ego, and super-ego are three distinct, yet interacting agents in the psychic apparatus defined in Sigmund Freud's structural model of the psyche.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Id, ego and super-ego · See more »

Improving Access to Psychological Therapies

Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) is a National Health Service (England) initiative to provide more psychotherapy to the general population.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Improving Access to Psychological Therapies · See more »

Indigenous peoples

Indigenous peoples, also known as first peoples, aboriginal peoples or native peoples, are ethnic groups who are the pre-colonial original inhabitants of a given region, in contrast to groups that have settled, occupied or colonized the area more recently.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Indigenous peoples · See more »

Insight-oriented psychotherapy

Insight-oriented psychotherapy is a category of psychotherapies that rely on conversation between the therapist and the client (or patient).

New!!: Psychotherapy and Insight-oriented psychotherapy · See more »

Integrative body psychotherapy

Integrative body psychotherapy (IBP) is a psychotherapy that recognizes and treats the somatic (physical), psychological/emotional, and spiritual nature of a human being.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Integrative body psychotherapy · See more »

Integrative psychotherapy

Integrative psychotherapy is the integration of elements from different schools of psychotherapy in the treatment of a client.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Integrative psychotherapy · See more »

Internal Family Systems Model

The Internal Family Systems Model (IFS) is an integrative approach to individual psychotherapy developed by Richard C. Schwartz.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Internal Family Systems Model · See more »

Interpersonal psychotherapy

Interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) is a brief, attachment-focused psychotherapy that centers on resolving interpersonal problems and symptomatic recovery.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Interpersonal psychotherapy · See more »

Interpersonal relationship

An interpersonal relationship is a strong, deep, or close association or acquaintance between two or more people that may range in duration from brief to enduring.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Interpersonal relationship · See more »

Irvin D. Yalom

Irvin David Yalom (born 13 June 1931) is an American existential psychiatrist who is emeritus professor of psychiatry at Stanford University, as well as author of both fiction and nonfiction.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Irvin D. Yalom · See more »

Jacob L. Moreno

Jacob Levy Moreno (born Iacob Levy; May 18, 1889 – May 14, 1974) was a Romanian-American psychiatrist, psychosociologist, and educator, the founder of psychodrama, and the foremost pioneer of group psychotherapy.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Jacob L. Moreno · See more »

Jason Aronson

Jason Aronson is an American publisher of books in the field of psychotherapy.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Jason Aronson · See more »

Jay Lebow

Jay Lebow (born 1948) is a family psychologist and clinical professor at the Family Institute at Northwestern University and is editor in chief of the journal Family Process.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Jay Lebow · See more »

Jean-Paul Sartre

Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre (21 June 1905 – 15 April 1980) was a French philosopher, playwright, novelist, political activist, biographer, and literary critic.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Jean-Paul Sartre · See more »

Jerome Frank (psychiatrist)

Jerome David Frank (May 30, 1909 in New York City – March 14, 2005) was an American psychiatrist who held the post of Professor of Psychiatry at the Johns Hopkins University Medical School.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Jerome Frank (psychiatrist) · See more »

John B. Watson

John Broadus Watson (January 9, 1878 – September 25, 1958) was an American psychologist who established the psychological school of behaviorism.

New!!: Psychotherapy and John B. Watson · See more »

John C. Norcross

John C. Norcross (born 1957) is a university professor, clinical psychologist, and board-certified specialist in psychotherapy, behavior change, and self-help.

New!!: Psychotherapy and John C. Norcross · See more »

John Wiley & Sons

John Wiley & Sons, Inc., also referred to as Wiley, is a global publishing company that specializes in academic publishing.

New!!: Psychotherapy and John Wiley & Sons · See more »

Josef Breuer

Josef Breuer (15 January 1842 – 20 June 1925) was a distinguished physician who made key discoveries in neurophysiology, and whose work in the 1880s with his patient Bertha Pappenheim, known as Anna O., developed the talking cure (cathartic method) and laid the foundation to psychoanalysis as developed by his protégé Sigmund Freud.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Josef Breuer · See more »

Joseph Wolpe

Joseph Wolpe (20 April 1915 in Johannesburg, South Africa – 4 December 1997 in Los Angeles) was a South African psychiatrist and one of the most influential figures in behavior therapy.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Joseph Wolpe · See more »

Journal of Psychotherapy Integration

The Journal of Psychotherapy Integration is a peer-reviewed academic journal published by the American Psychological Association on behalf of the Society for the Exploration of Psychotherapy Integration.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Journal of Psychotherapy Integration · See more »

Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

The Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry is a peer-reviewed medical journal covering pediatric psychiatry.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry · See more »

Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association

The Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association is a bimonthly peer-reviewed healthcare journal covering all aspects of psychoanalysis and is the official journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association · See more »


Jurisdiction (from the Latin ius, iuris meaning "law" and dicere meaning "to speak") is the practical authority granted to a legal body to administer justice within a defined field of responsibility, e.g., Michigan tax law.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Jurisdiction · See more »

Karen Horney

Karen Horney (16 September 1885 – 4 December 1952) was a German psychoanalyst who practiced in the United States during her later career.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Karen Horney · See more »

King's College London

King's College London (informally King's or KCL) is a public research university located in London, United Kingdom, and a founding constituent college of the federal University of London.

New!!: Psychotherapy and King's College London · See more »

Laura Perls

Laura Perls (née Lore Posner; August 15, 1905 in Pforzheim – July 13, 1990 in Pforzheim) was a noted German-born psychologist and psychotherapist who helped establish the Gestalt school of psychotherapy.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Laura Perls · See more »


Linguistics is the scientific study of language, and involves an analysis of language form, language meaning, and language in context.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Linguistics · See more »

List of counseling topics

Counseling is the activity of the counselor, or a professional who counsels people, especially on personal problems and difficulties.

New!!: Psychotherapy and List of counseling topics · See more »

List of psychotherapy journals

This is a list of academic journals pertaining to the field of psychotherapy.

New!!: Psychotherapy and List of psychotherapy journals · See more »

Ludwig Binswanger

Ludwig Binswanger (13 April 1881 – 5 February 1966) was a Swiss psychiatrist and pioneer in the field of existential psychology.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Ludwig Binswanger · See more »

Martin Heidegger

Martin Heidegger (26 September 188926 May 1976) was a German philosopher and a seminal thinker in the Continental tradition and philosophical hermeneutics, and is "widely acknowledged to be one of the most original and important philosophers of the 20th century." Heidegger is best known for his contributions to phenomenology and existentialism, though as the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy cautions, "his thinking should be identified as part of such philosophical movements only with extreme care and qualification".

New!!: Psychotherapy and Martin Heidegger · See more »

Maslow's hierarchy of needs

Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a theory in psychology proposed by Abraham Maslow in his 1943 paper “A Theory of Human Motivation” in Psychological Review.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Maslow's hierarchy of needs · See more »

Medard Boss

Medard Boss (October 4, 1903 – December 21, 1990) was a Swiss psychoanalytic psychiatrist who developed a form of psychotherapy known as Daseinsanalysis, which united the psychotherapeutic practice of psychoanalysis with the existential-phenomenological philosophy of friend and mentor Martin Heidegger.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Medard Boss · See more »

Medical model

Medical model is the term coined by psychiatrist R. D. Laing in his The Politics of the Family and Other Essays (1971), for the "set of procedures in which all doctors are trained".

New!!: Psychotherapy and Medical model · See more »


Meditation can be defined as a practice where an individual uses a technique, such as focusing their mind on a particular object, thought or activity, to achieve a mentally clear and emotionally calm state.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Meditation · See more »

Melanie Klein

Melanie Reizes Klein (30 March 1882 – 22 September 1960) was an Austrian-British psychoanalyst who devised novel therapeutic techniques for children that influenced child psychology and contemporary psychoanalysis.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Melanie Klein · See more »


Memory is the faculty of the mind by which information is encoded, stored, and retrieved.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Memory · See more »

Mental disorder

A mental disorder, also called a mental illness or psychiatric disorder, is a behavioral or mental pattern that causes significant distress or impairment of personal functioning.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Mental disorder · See more »

Mental health

Mental health is a level of psychological well-being or an absence of mental illness.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Mental health · See more »

Mental health professional

A mental health professional is a health care practitioner or community services provider who offers services for the purpose of improving an individual's mental health or to treat mental disorders.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Mental health professional · See more »

Mercer University Press

Mercer University Press, established in 1979, is a publisher that is part of Mercer University.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Mercer University Press · See more »

Michel Foucault

Paul-Michel Foucault (15 October 1926 – 25 June 1984), generally known as Michel Foucault, was a French philosopher, historian of ideas, social theorist, and literary critic.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Michel Foucault · See more »


Mindfulness is the psychological process of bringing one's attention to experiences occurring in the present moment,Mindfulness Training as a Clinical Intervention: A Conceptual and Empirical Review, by Ruth A. Baer, available at http://www.wisebrain.org/papers/MindfulnessPsyTx.pdf which can be developed through the practice of meditation and other training.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Mindfulness · See more »

Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy

Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) is an approach to psychotherapy that was originally created as a relapse-prevention treatment for depression.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy · See more »

Molecular neuroscience

Molecular neuroscience is a branch of neuroscience that observes concepts in molecular biology applied to the nervous systems of animals.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Molecular neuroscience · See more »


Monism attributes oneness or singleness (Greek: μόνος) to a concept e.g., existence.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Monism · See more »

Mood (psychology)

In psychology, a mood is an emotional state.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Mood (psychology) · See more »

Moral treatment

Moral treatment was an approach to mental disorder based on humane psychosocial care or moral discipline that emerged in the 18th century and came to the fore for much of the 19th century, deriving partly from psychiatry or psychology and partly from religious or moral concerns.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Moral treatment · See more »


Moscow (a) is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Moscow · See more »

Multimodal therapy

Multimodal therapy (MMT) is an approach to psychotherapy devised by psychologist Arnold Lazarus, who originated the term behavior therapy in psychotherapy.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Multimodal therapy · See more »

Multitheoretical psychotherapy

Multitheoretical psychotherapy (MTP) is a new approach to integrative psychotherapy developed by Jeff E. Brooks-Harris and his colleagues at the University of Hawaii at Manoa.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Multitheoretical psychotherapy · See more »

Music therapy

Music therapy is the clinical and evidence-based use of music interventions to accomplish individualized goals within a therapeutic relationship by a credentialed professional who has completed an approved music therapy program.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Music therapy · See more »

Nancy, France

Nancy (Nanzig) is the capital of the north-eastern French department of Meurthe-et-Moselle, and formerly the capital of the Duchy of Lorraine, and then the French province of the same name.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Nancy, France · See more »


A narrative or story is a report of connected events, real or imaginary, presented in a sequence of written or spoken words, or still or moving images, or both.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Narrative · See more »

Narrative therapy

Narrative therapy is a form of psychotherapy that seeks to help people identify their values and the skills and knowledge they have to live these values, so they can effectively confront whatever problems they face.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Narrative therapy · See more »

National Alliance on Mental Illness

The National Alliance On Mental Illness (NAMI) is a nationwide grassroots advocacy group, representing people affected by mental illness in the United States.

New!!: Psychotherapy and National Alliance on Mental Illness · See more »

National Board of Health and Welfare (Sweden)

The Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare (Socialstyrelsen) is a Swedish government agency.

New!!: Psychotherapy and National Board of Health and Welfare (Sweden) · See more »

National Health Service

The National Health Service (NHS) is the name used for each of the public health services in the United Kingdom – the National Health Service in England, NHS Scotland, NHS Wales, and Health and Social Care in Northern Ireland – as well as a term to describe them collectively.

New!!: Psychotherapy and National Health Service · See more »

National Institute of Mental Health

The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) is one of 27 institutes and centers that make up the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

New!!: Psychotherapy and National Institute of Mental Health · See more »


Neurology (from νεῦρον (neûron), "string, nerve" and the suffix -logia, "study of") is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the nervous system.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Neurology · See more »

Nomothetic and idiographic

Nomothetic and idiographic are terms used by Kantian philosopher Wilhelm Windelband to describe two distinct approaches to knowledge, each one corresponding to a different intellectual tendency, and each one corresponding to a different branch of academe.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Nomothetic and idiographic · See more »

Nonviolent Communication

Nonviolent Communication (abbreviated NVC, also called Compassionate Communication or Collaborative Communication) is an approach to nonviolent living developed by Marshall Rosenberg beginning in the 1960s.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Nonviolent Communication · See more »

Northfield Hospital

The Northfield Hospital was a psychiatric hospital located at Tessal Lane, Northfield in Birmingham, England, and is famous primarily for the work on group psychotherapy that took place there in the years of the Second World War.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Northfield Hospital · See more »

Object relations theory

Object relations theory in psychoanalytic psychology is the process of developing a psyche in relation to others in the environment during childhood.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Object relations theory · See more »

Obsessive–compulsive disorder

Obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental disorder where people feel the need to check things repeatedly, perform certain routines repeatedly (called "rituals"), or have certain thoughts repeatedly (called "obsessions").

New!!: Psychotherapy and Obsessive–compulsive disorder · See more »

Online counseling

Online counseling is the provision of professional mental health counseling services through the Internet.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Online counseling · See more »

Operant conditioning

Operant conditioning (also called "instrumental conditioning") is a learning process through which the strength of a behavior is modified by reinforcement or punishment.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Operant conditioning · See more »

Otto Rank

Otto Rank (né Rosenfeld; April 22, 1884 – October 31, 1939) was an Austrian psychoanalyst, writer, and teacher.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Otto Rank · See more »

Oxford Companions

Oxford Companions is a book series published by Oxford University Press, providing general knowledge within a specific area.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Oxford Companions · See more »

Oxford English Dictionary

The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is the main historical dictionary of the English language, published by the Oxford University Press.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Oxford English Dictionary · See more »

Palgrave Macmillan

Palgrave Macmillan is an international academic and trade publishing company.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Palgrave Macmillan · See more »

Parent management training

Parent management training (PMT), also known as behavioral parent training (BPT) or simply parent training, is a family of treatment programs that aims to change parenting behaviors, teaching parents positive reinforcement methods for improving pre-school and school-age children's behavior problems (such as aggression, hyperactivity, temper tantrums, and difficulty following directions).

New!!: Psychotherapy and Parent management training · See more »


Pathology (from the Ancient Greek roots of pathos (πάθος), meaning "experience" or "suffering" and -logia (-λογία), "study of") is a significant field in modern medical diagnosis and medical research, concerned mainly with the causal study of disease, whether caused by pathogens or non-infectious physiological disorder.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Pathology · See more »

Paul Ferdinand Schilder

Paul Ferdinand Schilder (February 15, 1886, Vienna – December 7, 1940, New York City) was an Austrian psychiatrist, psychoanalyst, researcher and author of numerous scientific publications.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Paul Ferdinand Schilder · See more »

Person-centered therapy

Person-centered therapy, also known as person-centered psychotherapy, person-centered counseling, client-centered therapy and Rogerian psychotherapy, is a form of psychotherapy developed by psychologist Carl Rogers beginning in the 1940s and extending into the 1980s.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Person-centered therapy · See more »


Persuasion is an umbrella term of influence.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Persuasion · See more »

Pharmaceutical industry

The pharmaceutical industry (or medicine industry) is the commercial industry that discovers, develops, produces, and markets drugs or pharmaceutical drugs for use as different types of medicine and medications.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Pharmaceutical industry · See more »


Pharmacotherapy is therapy using pharmaceutical drugs, as distinguished from therapy using surgery (surgical therapy), radiation (radiation therapy), movement (physical therapy), or other modes.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Pharmacotherapy · See more »

Phenomenology (philosophy)

Phenomenology (from Greek phainómenon "that which appears" and lógos "study") is the philosophical study of the structures of experience and consciousness.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Phenomenology (philosophy) · See more »

Phenomenology (psychology)

Phenomenology within psychology (phenomenological psychology) is the psychological study of subjective experience.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Phenomenology (psychology) · See more »


A phobia is a type of anxiety disorder, defined by a persistent and excessive fear of an object or situation.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Phobia · See more »

Physical body

In physics, a physical body or physical object (or simply a body or object) is an identifiable collection of matter, which may be constrained by an identifiable boundary, and may move as a unit by translation or rotation, in 3-dimensional space.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Physical body · See more »

Physical therapy

Physical therapy (PT), also known as physiotherapy, is one of the allied health professions that, by using mechanical force and movements (bio-mechanics or kinesiology), manual therapy, exercise therapy, and electrotherapy, remediates impairments and promotes mobility and function.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Physical therapy · See more »


A placebo is a substance or treatment of no intended therapeutic value.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Placebo · See more »

Placebo-controlled study

Placebo-controlled studies are a way of testing a medical therapy in which, in addition to a group of subjects that receives the treatment to be evaluated, a separate control group receives a sham "placebo" treatment which is specifically designed to have no real effect.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Placebo-controlled study · See more »

Play (activity)

In psychology and ethology, play is a range of voluntary, intrinsically motivated activities normally associated with recreational pleasure and enjoyment.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Play (activity) · See more »

Play therapy

Play therapy is a method of meeting and responding to the mental health needs of children and is extensively acknowledged by experts as an effective and suitable intervention in dealing with children’s brain development.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Play therapy · See more »

Positive psychology

Positive psychology is "the scientific study of what makes life most worth living",Christopher Peterson (2008), or "the scientific study of positive human functioning and flourishing on multiple levels that include the biological, personal, relational, institutional, cultural, and global dimensions of life".

New!!: Psychotherapy and Positive psychology · See more »

Positive psychotherapy

Positive psychotherapy (PPT) is a psychotherapeutic method developed by Nossrat Peseschkian and co-workers in Germany since 1968.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Positive psychotherapy · See more »


Post-structuralism is associated with the works of a series of mid-20th-century French, continental philosophers and critical theorists who came to be known internationally in the 1960s and 1970s.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Post-structuralism · See more »


Postmodernism is a broad movement that developed in the mid- to late-20th century across philosophy, the arts, architecture, and criticism and that marked a departure from modernism.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Postmodernism · See more »

Posttraumatic stress disorder

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)Acceptable variants of this term exist; see the Terminology section in this article.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Posttraumatic stress disorder · See more »

Power (social and political)

In social science and politics, power is the ability to influence or outright control the behaviour of people.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Power (social and political) · See more »

Professional Psychology: Research and Practice

The Professional Psychology: Research and Practice is a peer-reviewed, English language journal published six times per year by the American Psychological Association (APA).

New!!: Psychotherapy and Professional Psychology: Research and Practice · See more »

Professional Standards Authority for Health and Social Care

The Professional Standards Authority for Health and Social Care (PSA) oversees the nine statutory bodies that regulate health professionals in the United Kingdom and social care in England.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Professional Standards Authority for Health and Social Care · See more »


Pseudoscience consists of statements, beliefs, or practices that are claimed to be both scientific and factual, but are incompatible with the scientific method.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Pseudoscience · See more »

Psyche (psychology)

In psychology, the psyche is the totality of the human mind, conscious and unconscious.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Psyche (psychology) · See more »

Psychiatric medication

A psychiatric medication is a licensed psychoactive drug taken to exert an effect on the chemical makeup of the brain and nervous system.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Psychiatric medication · See more »

Psychiatric somatotherapy

Psychiatric somatotherapy (or somatic therapy) is the treatment of mental illness by physical means (such as medication, electroconvulsive therapy, or psychosurgery) rather than psychotherapy.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Psychiatric somatotherapy · See more »


A psychiatrist is a physician who specializes in psychiatry, the branch of medicine devoted to the diagnosis, prevention, study, and treatment of mental disorders.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Psychiatrist · See more »


Psychoanalysis is a set of theories and therapeutic techniques related to the study of the unconscious mind, which together form a method of treatment for mental-health disorders.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Psychoanalysis · See more »

Psychoanalytic Psychology (journal)

Psychoanalytic Psychology is a peer-reviewed academic journal published by Division 39 of the American Psychological Association.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Psychoanalytic Psychology (journal) · See more »


Psychodrama is an action method, often used as a psychotherapy, in which clients use spontaneous dramatization, role playing, and dramatic self-presentation to investigate and gain insight into their lives.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Psychodrama · See more »

Psychodynamic psychotherapy

Psychodynamic psychotherapy is a form of depth psychology, the primary focus of which is to reveal the unconscious content of a client's psyche in an effort to alleviate psychic tension.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Psychodynamic psychotherapy · See more »


Psychodynamics, also known as psychodynamic psychology, in its broadest sense, is an approach to psychology that emphasizes systematic study of the psychological forces that underlie human behavior, feelings, and emotions and how they might relate to early experience.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Psychodynamics · See more »

Psychological Reports

Psychological Reports is a bimonthly peer-reviewed academic journal covering research in psychology and psychiatry.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Psychological Reports · See more »


Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, including conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Psychology · See more »

Psychotherapy Research

Psychotherapy Research is a bimonthly peer-reviewed academic journal covering research in all fields of psychotherapy: outcome, process, education and training of therapists, as well as investigations of services.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Psychotherapy Research · See more »

R. D. Laing

Ronald David Laing (7 October 1927 – 23 August 1989), usually cited as R. D. Laing, was a Scottish psychiatrist who wrote extensively on mental illnessin particular, the experience of psychosis.

New!!: Psychotherapy and R. D. Laing · See more »

Randomized controlled trial

A randomized controlled trial (or randomized control trial; RCT) is a type of scientific (often medical) experiment which aims to reduce bias when testing a new treatment.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Randomized controlled trial · See more »

Rational emotive behavior therapy

Rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT), previously called rational therapy and rational emotive therapy, is an active-directive, philosophically and empirically based psychotherapy, the aim of which is to resolve emotional and behavioral problems and disturbances and to help people to lead happier and more fulfilling lives.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Rational emotive behavior therapy · See more »

Reality therapy

Reality therapy (RT) is an approach to psychotherapy and counseling.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Reality therapy · See more »

Reichian body-oriented psychotherapy

Reichian body-oriented psychotherapy (RBOP), also referred to as bioenergetic analysis, is a form of body psychotherapy based upon the work of Wilhelm Reich.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Reichian body-oriented psychotherapy · See more »

Relapse prevention

Relapse prevention (RP) is a cognitive-behavioral approach to relapse with the goal of identifying and preventing high-risk situations such as substance abuse, obsessive-compulsive behavior, sexual offending, obesity, and depression.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Relapse prevention · See more »

Replication crisis

The replication crisis (or replicability crisis or reproducibility crisis) is a methodological crisis in science in which scholars have found that the results of many scientific studies are difficult or impossible to replicate or reproduce on subsequent investigation, either by independent researchers or by the original researchers themselves.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Replication crisis · See more »


Rhetoric is the art of discourse, wherein a writer or speaker strives to inform, persuade, or motivate particular audiences in specific situations.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Rhetoric · See more »

Rollo May

Rollo Reese May (April 21, 1909 – October 22, 1994) was an American existential psychologist and author of the influential book Love and Will (1969).

New!!: Psychotherapy and Rollo May · See more »


Routledge is a British multinational publisher.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Routledge · See more »

S. H. Foulkes


New!!: Psychotherapy and S. H. Foulkes · See more »

SAGE Publications

SAGE Publishing is an independent publishing company founded in 1965 in New York by Sara Miller McCune and now based in California.

New!!: Psychotherapy and SAGE Publications · See more »

Søren Kierkegaard

Søren Aabye Kierkegaard (5 May 1813 – 11 November 1855) was a Danish philosopher, theologian, poet, social critic and religious author who is widely considered to be the first existentialist philosopher.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Søren Kierkegaard · See more »


The self is an individual person as the object of his or her own reflective consciousness.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Self · See more »

Self psychology

Self psychology, a modern psychoanalytic theory and its clinical applications, was conceived by Heinz Kohut in Chicago in the 1960s, 70s, and 80s, and is still developing as a contemporary form of psychoanalytic treatment.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Self psychology · See more »


Self-actualization is a term that has been used in various psychology theories, often in slightly different ways.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Self-actualization · See more »

Sensorimotor psychotherapy

Sensorimotor Psychotherapy, developed by Pat Ogden, is a trademarked method of somatic psychotherapy and is a "body-oriented talk therapy".

New!!: Psychotherapy and Sensorimotor psychotherapy · See more »

Sigmund Freud

Sigmund Freud (born Sigismund Schlomo Freud; 6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Sigmund Freud · See more »

Social constructionism

Social constructionism or the social construction of reality (also social concept) is a theory of knowledge in sociology and communication theory that examines the development of jointly constructed understandings of the world that form the basis for shared assumptions about reality.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Social constructionism · See more »

Social learning theory

Social learning theory is a theory of learning and social behavior which proposes that new behaviors can be acquired by observing and imitating others.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Social learning theory · See more »

Social Science & Medicine

Social Science & Medicine is a peer-reviewed academic journal covering social science research on health, including anthropology, economics, geography, psychology, social epidemiology, social policy, sociology, medicine and health care practice, policy, and organization.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Social Science & Medicine · See more »

Social skills

A social skill is any competence facilitating interaction and communication with others where social rules and relations are created, communicated, and changed in verbal and nonverbal ways.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Social skills · See more »

Social work

Social work is an academic discipline and profession that concerns itself with individuals, families, groups and communities in an effort to enhance social functioning and overall well-being.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Social work · See more »


Sociotherapy is a social science and form of social work, and sociology that involves the study of groups of people, its constituent individuals and their behavior, using learned information in case and care management towards holistic life enrichment or improvement of social and life conditions.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Sociotherapy · See more »

Socratic method

The Socratic method, also can be known as maieutics, method of elenchus, elenctic method, or Socratic debate, is a form of cooperative argumentative dialogue between individuals, based on asking and answering questions to stimulate critical thinking and to draw out ideas and underlying presumptions.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Socratic method · See more »

Solution-focused brief therapy

Solution-focused (brief) therapy (SFBT) is a goal-directed collaborative approach to psychotherapeutic change that is conducted through direct observation of clients' responses to a series of precisely constructed questions.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Solution-focused brief therapy · See more »

Somatic experiencing

Somatic experiencing is a form of alternative therapy aimed at relieving the symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other mental and physical trauma-related health problems by focusing on the client's perceived body sensations (or somatic experiences).

New!!: Psychotherapy and Somatic experiencing · See more »

Somatic psychology

Somatic psychology is a form of Psychotherapy that focuses on somatic experience, and the embodied self, including therapeutic and holistic approaches to body.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Somatic psychology · See more »


Traditionally, spirituality refers to a religious process of re-formation which "aims to recover the original shape of man," oriented at "the image of God" as exemplified by the founders and sacred texts of the religions of the world.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Spirituality · See more »

Stage hypnosis

Stage hypnosis is hypnosis performed in front of an audience for the purposes of entertainment, usually in a theatre or club.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Stage hypnosis · See more »


Stoicism is a school of Hellenistic philosophy founded by Zeno of Citium in Athens in the early 3rd century BC.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Stoicism · See more »


Subjectivity is a central philosophical concept, related to consciousness, agency, personhood, reality, and truth, which has been variously defined by sources.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Subjectivity · See more »

Substance use disorder

A substance use disorder (SUD), also known as a drug use disorder, is a condition in which the use of one or more substances leads to a clinically significant impairment or distress.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Substance use disorder · See more »

Supportive psychotherapy

Supportive psychotherapy is a psychotherapeutic approach that integrates psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral, and interpersonal conceptual models and techniques.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Supportive psychotherapy · See more »

Systemic therapy (psychotherapy)

In psychotherapy, systemic therapy seeks to address people not only on the individual level, as had been the focus of earlier forms of therapy, but also as people in relationships, dealing with the interactions of groups and their interactional patterns and dynamics.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Systemic therapy (psychotherapy) · See more »

Talking cure

The Talking Cure and chimney sweeping were terms Bertha Pappenheim, known in case studies by the alias Anna O., used for the verbal therapy given to her by Josef Breuer.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Talking cure · See more »

Taylor & Francis

Taylor & Francis Group is an international company originating in England that publishes books and academic journals.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Taylor & Francis · See more »

Telephone counseling

Telephone counseling refers to any type of psychological service performed over the telephone.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Telephone counseling · See more »

The New York Times

The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.

New!!: Psychotherapy and The New York Times · See more »

The Stationery Office

The Stationery Office (TSO) is a British publishing company created in 1996 when the publishing arm of Her Majesty's Stationery Office was privatised.

New!!: Psychotherapy and The Stationery Office · See more »

Theory & Psychology

Theory & Psychology is a peer-reviewed academic journal that publishes papers in the field of Psychology.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Theory & Psychology · See more »

Therapeutic community

Therapeutic community is a participative, group-based approach to long-term mental illness, personality disorders and drug addiction.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Therapeutic community · See more »

Therapeutic relationship

The therapeutic relationship (also therapeutic alliance, the helping alliance, or the working alliance) refers to the relationship between a healthcare professional and a client (or patient).

New!!: Psychotherapy and Therapeutic relationship · See more »

Thomas C. Oden

Thomas Clark Oden (October 21, 1931 – December 8, 2016) was an American United Methodist theologian and religious author.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Thomas C. Oden · See more »

Transaction Publishers

Transaction Publishers was a New Jersey–based publishing house that specialized in social science books.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Transaction Publishers · See more »

Transactional analysis

Transactional analysis (TA) is a psychoanalytic theory and method of therapy wherein social transactions are analyzed to determine the ego state of the patient (whether parent-like, child-like, or adult-like) as a basis for understanding behavior.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Transactional analysis · See more »


Transference (Übertragung) is a theoretical phenomenon characterized by unconscious redirection of the feelings a person has about a second person to feelings the first person has about a third person.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Transference · See more »

Transpersonal psychology

Transpersonal psychology is a sub-field or "school" of psychology that integrates the spiritual and transcendent aspects of the human experience with the framework of modern psychology.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Transpersonal psychology · See more »

Transtheoretical model

The transtheoretical model of behavior change is an integrative theory of therapy that assesses an individual's readiness to act on a new healthier behavior, and provides strategies, or processes of change to guide the individual.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Transtheoretical model · See more »

Treatment and control groups

In the design of experiments, treatments are applied to experimental units in the treatment group(s).

New!!: Psychotherapy and Treatment and control groups · See more »

Ubuntu philosophy

Ubuntu is a Nguni Bantu term meaning "humanity".

New!!: Psychotherapy and Ubuntu philosophy · See more »

Umbrella term

An umbrella term is a word or phrase that covers a wide range of concepts belonging to a common category.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Umbrella term · See more »

Unconscious mind

The unconscious mind (or the unconscious) consists of the processes in the mind which occur automatically and are not available to introspection, and include thought processes, memories, interests, and motivations.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Unconscious mind · See more »


Unconsciousness is a state which occurs when the ability to maintain an awareness of self and environment is lost.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Unconsciousness · See more »

United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

New!!: Psychotherapy and United Kingdom · See more »

United Kingdom Council for Psychotherapy

The United Kingdom Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP) is a professional association of psychotherapy organisations and practitioners in the United Kingdom.

New!!: Psychotherapy and United Kingdom Council for Psychotherapy · See more »

University of Nevada Press

University of Nevada Press is a university press that is run by the Nevada System of Higher Education (NSHE).

New!!: Psychotherapy and University of Nevada Press · See more »


Vegetotherapy is a form of Reichian psychotherapy that involves the physical manifestations of emotions.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Vegetotherapy · See more »

Viktor Frankl

Viktor Emil Frankl (26 March 1905 – 2 September 1997) was an Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist as well as a Holocaust survivor.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Viktor Frankl · See more »

Virtual reality

Virtual reality (VR) is an interactive computer-generated experience taking place within a simulated environment, that incorporates mainly auditory and visual, but also other types of sensory feedback like haptic.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Virtual reality · See more »

Virtual reality therapy

Virtual reality therapy (VRT), also known as virtual reality immersion therapy (VRIT), simulation for therapy (SFT), virtual reality exposure therapy (VRET), and computerized CBT (CCBT), is the use of virtual reality technology for psychological or occupational therapy.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Virtual reality therapy · See more »

Walter Cooper Dendy

Walter Cooper Dendy (1794–1871) was an English surgeon and writer.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Walter Cooper Dendy · See more »


Well-being, wellbeing, or wellness is a general term for the condition of an individual or group.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Well-being · See more »

Western culture

Western culture, sometimes equated with Western civilization, Occidental culture, the Western world, Western society, European civilization,is a term used very broadly to refer to a heritage of social norms, ethical values, traditional customs, belief systems, political systems and specific artifacts and technologies that have some origin or association with Europe.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Western culture · See more »

Wilfred Bion

Wilfred Ruprecht Bion DSO (8 September 1897 – 8 November 1979) was an influential British psychoanalyst, who became president of the British Psychoanalytical Society from 1962 to 1965.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Wilfred Bion · See more »

Wilhelm Reich

Wilhelm Reich (24 March 1897 – 3 November 1957) was an Austrian doctor of medicine and psychoanalyst, a member of the second generation of analysts after Sigmund Freud.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Wilhelm Reich · See more »

Work of art

A work of art, artwork, art piece, piece of art or art object is an aesthetic physical item or artistic creation.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Work of art · See more »

Writing therapy

Writing therapy is a form of expressive therapy that uses the act of writing and processing the written word as therapy.

New!!: Psychotherapy and Writing therapy · See more »

Redirects here:

Individual psychotherapy, Individual therapy, Psychiatric counseling, Psycho-therapeutic, Psychological Counseling, Psychological counseling, Psychological counselling, Psychological therapies, Psychological therapy, Psychotherapeutic, Psychotherapies, Psychotherapist, Psychotherapists, Psychotheraputic, Talk therapies, Talk therapy, Talking Therapies, Talking therapies, Telebehavioral Health, Telemental Health, Telemental health, Therapy session.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychotherapy

Hey! We are on Facebook now! »