564 relations: Adult education, Advertising, Albania, Aliyah, All India Radio, Allies of World War II, AM broadcasting, American Broadcasting Company, American Forces Network, American Public Media, American Public Television, Angola, ARD (broadcaster), Army Radio, Arte, Article 19, Atlantic Canada, Augusto Pinochet, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, Autonomous communities of Spain, Axis powers, Azores, Ö1, Česká televize, Baden-Württemberg, Bangladesh Betar, Bangladesh Television, Basque Country (autonomous community), Basque language, Bavaria, Bayerischer Rundfunk, BBC, BBC World Service, Belgischer Rundfunk, Bell Media, Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society, Berlin, Bloomington, Indiana, Bolivarianism, Brandenburg, Brasília, Bratislava, Bremen (state), Brian Stelter, British Broadcasting Company, British Columbia, British Empire, British Forces Broadcasting Service, Brno, Broadcasting, ..., Broadcasting Authority of Ireland, Budapest, Bulgarian National Radio, Bulgarian National Television, Cable television, Cable television franchise fee, Calgary, Campus radio, Canada–United States border, Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, Canadian Communications Foundation, Canadian English, Canadian Radio Broadcasting Commission, Canadian Radio League, Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission, Cape Verde, Capitol News Company, Carnegie Corporation of New York, Catalan language, Catalonia, CBAFT-DT, CBC Hamilton, CBC Music, CBC News, CBC News Network, CBC Radio 3, CBC Radio One, CBC Television, CBFT-DT, CBS, CFTK-TV, CFTU-DT, Channel 1 (Israel), Channel 33 (Israel), Channel 4, Channel 5 (UK), Chicago, CHUM Limited, Citizen media, City (TV network), City Saskatchewan, CityNews, CJDC-TV, CJRT-FM, CKSA-DT, CKUA Radio Network, Classical music, CNNMoney, Cold War, Columbia, Missouri, Commercial broadcasting, Commonwealth of Nations, Communities, regions and language areas of Belgium, Community of Portuguese Language Countries, Community radio, Community television, Community television in Australia, Community television in Canada, Conservatism, Controlling interest, Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service, Corporate media, Corporation for Public Broadcasting, Create (TV network), Croatia, Croatian Radiotelevision, CTV Two, CTV Two Alberta, Cultural policy, Current (newspaper), Czech koruna, Czech News Agency, Czech Radio, Dawson Creek, Daytime television, Department of Justice (Canada), Desperate Housewives, Deutschlandradio, Digital audio broadcasting, Digital subchannel, Digital terrestrial television, Digital terrestrial television in Canada, Distance education, Documentary film, DoD News Channel, Donald Trump, Doordarshan, DR (broadcaster), Duna TV, Duna World, Ecuador TV, Ecuadorian Constituent Assembly, Editorial independence, Edmonton, Educational Broadcasting System, Educational program, Educational Television Stations, Eesti Rahvusringhääling, Eesti Televisioon, EITB, Empresa Brasil de Comunicação, Encyclopædia Britannica, ERA Sport, ERT HD, ERT1, ERT2, ERT3, ETB 1, ETB 2, ETB 3, ETV2, European Broadcasting Union, Executive Council of Alberta, Federal Communications Commission, Federal government of the United States, Federalism, Finland, Finnish language, First Programme (ERT), FM broadcast band, FM broadcasting, FM4, Ford Foundation, FORTA, Fox Broadcasting Company, France 2, France 5, France Télévisions, Free Press (organization), Free-to-view, Freeform (radio format), Fundação Padre Anchieta, Galgalatz, Galicia (Spain), Generalist channel, George W. 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Griffin, Rocklin, California, Rogers Media, Romanian Radio Broadcasting Company, Romanian Television, Ronald Reagan, Royal Commission on Radio Broadcasting, RTÉ 2fm, RTÉ lyric fm, RTÉ News Now, RTÉ One, RTÉ Radio 1, RTÉ Raidió na Gaeltachta, RTÉ2, RTÉjr, RTBF, RTCG, RTHK, RTP Açores, RTP África, RTP Internacional, RTP Madeira, RTP Memória, RTP1, RTP2, RTP3, RTVE, Rundfunk Berlin-Brandenburg, S4C, Saarland, Saarländischer Rundfunk, Sami people, Sangsad Television, Santiago, Satellite, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, São Paulo, São Paulo (state), São Tomé and Príncipe, Südwestrundfunk, Schleswig-Holstein, Scotch Tape, Second Programme (ERT), Senate of Chile, Serbia, Sesame Street, Setanta Sports, Shkodër, Shortwave radio, Slovakia, Smith–Mundt Act, Sociedade Independente de Comunicação, Society, South Dakota Public Broadcasting, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, Special Broadcasting Service, State network, State-owned enterprise, States of Austria, Streaming media, Sveriges Radio, Sveriges Television, Sveriges Utbildningsradio, SVT Uutiset, Swedish language, Télé-Québec, TDM (Macau), TeleRadio-Moldova, Telesur (TV channel), Televisão Independente, Televisió de Catalunya, Televisión de Galicia, Televisión Pública Argentina, Television licence, Television Malta, Television New Zealand, Telewizja Polska, Terrace, British Columbia, TF1, TFO, TG4, The Christian Science Monitor, The Heritage Foundation, The Hollywood Reporter, The Review of Economic Studies, Third Programme (ERT), Thuringia, Today FM, Toronto, TV 2 (Denmark), TV Brasil, TV Cultura, TV Moldova Internațional, TV1 (Malaysia), TV2 (Malaysia), TV3 (Ireland), TVi (Malaysia), TVM2, TVOntario, TVP HD, TVP Historia, TVP Info, TVP Kultura, TVP Polonia, TVP Seriale, TVP Sport, TVP1, TVP2, TVP3, TVR București, TVR Cluj, TVR Craiova, TVR HD, TVR Iași, TVR Tîrgu-Mureș, TVR Timișoara, TVR1, TVR2, TVR3, TVRi, UNC-Chapel Hill Master of Public Administration, Underwriting spot, United States Congress, United States Department of Defense, University of Houston, University of Missouri, Valparaíso, Vancouver, Vlaamse Radio- en Televisieomroeporganisatie, Voice of America, WarnerMedia, Washington Week, WBAI, Weather radio, Webcast, Welsh language, Westdeutscher Rundfunk, WFIU, WGBH Educational Foundation, Wireless Group, Wisconsin Public Radio, WNET, World (TV channel), World War II, WPFW, WWV (radio station), WWVH, Yle, ZDF, 2010–14 Portuguese financial crisis, 3sat. 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Adult education is a practice in which adults engage in systematic and sustained self-educating activities in order to gain new forms of knowledge, skills, attitudes, or values.
Advertising is an audio or visual form of marketing communication that employs an openly sponsored, non-personal message to promote or sell a product, service or idea.
Albania (Shqipëri/Shqipëria; Shqipni/Shqipnia or Shqypni/Shqypnia), officially the Republic of Albania (Republika e Shqipërisë), is a country in Southeastern Europe.
Aliyah (עֲלִיָּה aliyah, "ascent") is the immigration of Jews from the diaspora to the Land of Israel (Eretz Israel in Hebrew).
All India Radio (AIR), officially known since 1956 as Ākāshvāṇī ("Voice from the Sky") is the national public radio broadcaster of India and a division of Prasar Bharati.
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
AM broadcasting is a radio broadcasting technology, which employs amplitude modulation (AM) transmissions.
The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of Disney–ABC Television Group, a subsidiary of the Disney Media Networks division of The Walt Disney Company.
The American Forces Network (AFN) is the broadcast service operated by the United States Armed Forces' American Forces Radio and Television Service (AFRTS, commonly pronounced "A-farts") for its entertainment and command internal information networks worldwide.
American Public Media (APM) is the second largest producer and distributor of public radio programs in the United States after NPR.
American Public Television (APT) is the largest syndicator of programming for public television stations in the United States.
Angola, officially the Republic of Angola (República de Angola; Kikongo, Kimbundu and Repubilika ya Ngola), is a country in Southern Africa.
ARD (full name: Arbeitsgemeinschaft der öffentlich-rechtlichen Rundfunkanstalten der Bundesrepublik Deutschland – Consortium of public broadcasters in Germany) is a joint organisation of Germany's regional public-service broadcasters.
Army Radio (גלי צה"ל) or Galei Tzahal, known in Israel by its acronym Galatz (גל"צ), is a nationwide Israeli radio network operated by the Israel Defense Forces.
ARTE (Association relative à la télévision européenne) is a public Franco-German TV network that promotes programming in the areas of culture and the arts.
Article 19 (stylized ARTICLE 19) is a British human rights organization with a specific mandate and focus on the defense and promotion of freedom of expression and freedom of information worldwide founded in 1987.
Atlantic Canada is the region of Canada comprising the four provinces located on the Atlantic coast, excluding Quebec: the three Maritime provinces – New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia – and the easternmost province of Newfoundland and Labrador.
Augusto José Ramón Pinochet Ugarte (25 November 1915 – 10 December 2006) was a Chilean general, politician and the dictator of Chile between 1973 and 1990 who remained the Commander-in-Chief of the Chilean Army until 1998 and was also President of the Government Junta of Chile between 1973 and 1981.
The Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) founded in 1929 is Australia's national broadcaster, funded by the Australian Federal Government but specifically independent of Government and politics in the Commonwealth.
In Spain, an autonomous community (comunidad autónoma, autonomia erkidegoa, comunitat autònoma, comunidade autónoma, comunautat autonòma) is a first-level political and administrative division, created in accordance with the Spanish constitution of 1978, with the aim of guaranteeing limited autonomy of the nationalities and regions that make up Spain.
The Axis powers (Achsenmächte; Potenze dell'Asse; 枢軸国 Sūjikukoku), also known as the Axis and the Rome–Berlin–Tokyo Axis, were the nations that fought in World War II against the Allied forces.
The Azores (or; Açores), officially the Autonomous Region of the Azores (Região Autónoma dos Açores), is one of the two autonomous regions of Portugal.
Österreich 1 (Ö1) is an Austrian radio station: one of the four national channels operated by Austria's public broadcaster ORF.
Česká televize (abbreviation: ČT, Czech Television) is the public television broadcaster in the Czech Republic, broadcasting six channels.
Baden-Württemberg is a state in southwest Germany, east of the Rhine, which forms the border with France.
Bangladesh Betar (বাংলাদেশ বেতার) or BB is the state-owned radio broadcasting organisation of Bangladesh.
Bangladesh Television (বাংলাদেশ টেলিভিশন), also known by the acronym BTV, is the state-owned Television network in Bangladesh.
The Basque Country (Euskadi; País Vasco; Pays Basque), officially the Basque Autonomous Community (Euskal Autonomia Erkidegoa, EAE; Comunidad Autónoma Vasca, CAV) is an autonomous community in northern Spain.
Basque (euskara) is a language spoken in the Basque country and Navarre. Linguistically, Basque is unrelated to the other languages of Europe and, as a language isolate, to any other known living language. The Basques are indigenous to, and primarily inhabit, the Basque Country, a region that straddles the westernmost Pyrenees in adjacent parts of northern Spain and southwestern France. The Basque language is spoken by 28.4% of Basques in all territories (751,500). Of these, 93.2% (700,300) are in the Spanish area of the Basque Country and the remaining 6.8% (51,200) are in the French portion. Native speakers live in a contiguous area that includes parts of four Spanish provinces and the three "ancient provinces" in France. Gipuzkoa, most of Biscay, a few municipalities of Álava, and the northern area of Navarre formed the core of the remaining Basque-speaking area before measures were introduced in the 1980s to strengthen the language. By contrast, most of Álava, the western part of Biscay and central and southern areas of Navarre are predominantly populated by native speakers of Spanish, either because Basque was replaced by Spanish over the centuries, in some areas (most of Álava and central Navarre), or because it was possibly never spoken there, in other areas (Enkarterri and southeastern Navarre). Under Restorationist and Francoist Spain, public use of Basque was frowned upon, often regarded as a sign of separatism; this applied especially to those regions that did not support Franco's uprising (such as Biscay or Gipuzkoa). However, in those Basque-speaking regions that supported the uprising (such as Navarre or Álava) the Basque language was more than merely tolerated. Overall, in the 1960s and later, the trend reversed and education and publishing in Basque began to flourish. As a part of this process, a standardised form of the Basque language, called Euskara Batua, was developed by the Euskaltzaindia in the late 1960s. Besides its standardised version, the five historic Basque dialects are Biscayan, Gipuzkoan, and Upper Navarrese in Spain, and Navarrese–Lapurdian and Souletin in France. They take their names from the historic Basque provinces, but the dialect boundaries are not congruent with province boundaries. Euskara Batua was created so that Basque language could be used—and easily understood by all Basque speakers—in formal situations (education, mass media, literature), and this is its main use today. In both Spain and France, the use of Basque for education varies from region to region and from school to school. A language isolate, Basque is believed to be one of the few surviving pre-Indo-European languages in Europe, and the only one in Western Europe. The origin of the Basques and of their languages is not conclusively known, though the most accepted current theory is that early forms of Basque developed prior to the arrival of Indo-European languages in the area, including the Romance languages that geographically surround the Basque-speaking region. Basque has adopted a good deal of its vocabulary from the Romance languages, and Basque speakers have in turn lent their own words to Romance speakers. The Basque alphabet uses the Latin script.
Bavaria (Bavarian and Bayern), officially the Free State of Bavaria (Freistaat Bayern), is a landlocked federal state of Germany, occupying its southeastern corner.
Bayerischer Rundfunk (Bavarian Broadcasting, BR) is a public-service radio and television broadcaster, based in Munich, capital city of the Free State of Bavaria in Germany.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
The BBC World Service, the world's largest international broadcaster, broadcasts radio and television news, speech and discussions in over 30 languages to many parts of the world on analogue and digital shortwave platforms, Internet streaming, podcasting, satellite, DAB, FM and MW relays.
Belgischer Rundfunk (BRF) (Belgian Broadcasting) is the public-service broadcasting organization serving the German-speaking Community of Belgium.
Bell Media Inc. (French: Bell Média) is the mass media subsidiary of BCE Inc. (also known as Bell Canada Enterprises, the parent company of the former telephone monopoly Bell Canada).
The Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society is a research center at Harvard University that focuses on the study of cyberspace.
Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states.
Bloomington is a city in and the county seat of Monroe County in the southern region of the U.S. state of Indiana.
Bolivarianism is a mix of pan-American, socialist and national-patriotic ideals fixed against perceived injustices of imperialism, inequality and corruption named after Simón Bolívar, the 19th-century Venezuelan general and liberator from the Spanish monarchy then in abeyance, who led the struggle for independence throughout much of South America.
Brandenburg (Brannenborg, Lower Sorbian: Bramborska, Braniborsko) is one of the sixteen federated states of Germany.
Brasília is the federal capital of Brazil and seat of government of the Federal District.
Bratislava (Preßburg or Pressburg, Pozsony) is the capital of Slovakia.
The Free Hanseatic City of Bremen (Freie Hansestadt Bremen) is the smallest and least populous of Germany's 16 states.
Brian Patrick Stelter (born September 3, 1985) is an American journalist who is the senior media correspondent for CNN and host of the CNN program Reliable Sources.
The British Broadcasting Company Ltd (BBC) was a British commercial company formed on 18 October 1922 by British and American electrical companies doing business in the United Kingdom (and anxious to build sales of their products by ensuring that there were radio broadcasts to which their radio-buying customers could listen) and licensed by the British General Post Office.
British Columbia (BC; Colombie-Britannique) is the westernmost province of Canada, located between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
The British Forces Broadcasting Service (BFBS) provides radio and television programmes for Her Majesty's Armed Forces, and their dependents worldwide.
Brno (Brünn) is the second largest city in the Czech Republic by population and area, the largest Moravian city, and the historical capital city of the Margraviate of Moravia.
Broadcasting is the distribution of audio or video content to a dispersed audience via any electronic mass communications medium, but typically one using the electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves), in a one-to-many model.
The Broadcasting Authority of Ireland (BAI) (Údarás Craolacháin na hÉireann) was established on 1 October 2009 effectively replacing the Broadcasting Commission of Ireland (BCI) (Coimisiún Craolacháin na hÉireann).
Budapest is the capital and the most populous city of Hungary, and one of the largest cities in the European Union.
Bulgarian National Radio (Българско национално радио, Bŭlgarsko natsionalno radio; abbreviated to БНР, BNR) is Bulgaria's national radio broadcasting organization.
Bulgarian National Television (Българска национална телевизия, Bŭlgarska natsionalna televiziya) or BNT (БНТ) is the public broadcaster of Bulgaria.
Cable television is a system of delivering television programming to paying subscribers via radio frequency (RF) signals transmitted through coaxial cables, or in more recent systems, light pulses through fiber-optic cables.
In the United States cable television industry, a cable television franchise fee is an annual fee charged by a local government to a private cable television company as compensation for using public property it owns as right-of-way for its cable.
Calgary is a city in the Canadian province of Alberta.
Campus radio (also known as college radio, university radio or student radio) is a type of radio station that is run by the students of a college, university or other educational institution.
The Canada–United States border, officially known as the International Boundary, is the longest international border in the world between two countries.
The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (Société Radio-Canada), branded as CBC/Radio-Canada, is a Canadian federal Crown corporation that serves as the national public broadcaster for both radio and television.
The Canadian Communications Foundation (CCF) is a history of Canadian broadcasting for radio and television chronicles and documents.
Canadian English (CanE, CE, en-CA) is the set of varieties of the English language native to Canada.
The Canadian Radio Broadcasting Commission (CRBC) was Canada's first public broadcaster and the immediate precursor to the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation.
The Canadian Radio League was a public pressure group led by Graham Spry and Alan Plaunt to mobilize support for the establishment of public broadcasting in Canada.
The Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC, Conseil de la radiodiffusion et des télécommunications canadiennes) is a public organization in Canada with mandate as a regulatory agency for broadcasting and telecommunications.
Cape Verde or Cabo Verde (Cabo Verde), officially the Republic of Cabo Verde, is an island country spanning an archipelago of 10 volcanic islands in the central Atlantic Ocean.
Capitol News Company, LLC is an American media company based in Arlington, Virginia, United States.
Carnegie Corporation of New York was established by Andrew Carnegie during 1911 "to promote the advancement and diffusion of knowledge and understanding".
Catalan (autonym: català) is a Western Romance language derived from Vulgar Latin and named after the medieval Principality of Catalonia, in northeastern modern Spain.
Catalonia (Catalunya, Catalonha, Cataluña) is an autonomous community in Spain on the northeastern extremity of the Iberian Peninsula, designated as a nationality by its Statute of Autonomy.
CBAFT-DT (branded on-air as ICI Acadie) is the Ici Radio-Canada Télé owned-and-operated television station for Atlantic Canada, serving Acadians in the Maritimes and Franco-Newfoundlanders in Newfoundland and Labrador.
CBC Hamilton is the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation's digital-only local news operation serving the city of Hamilton, Ontario, which launched on May 9, 2012.
CBC Music (formerly known as CBC FM, CBC Stereo and CBC Radio 2) is a Canadian FM radio network operated by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation.
CBC News is the division of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation responsible for the news gathering and production of news programs on the corporation's English-language operations, namely CBC Television, CBC Radio, CBC News Network, and CBC.ca.
CBC News Network (formerly CBC Newsworld) is a Canadian English-language news channel owned and operated by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC).
CBC Radio 3 is a radio network that consists of two parts devoted to Canadian arts and music: a radio service which is available on Sirius XM Satellite Radio and streaming audio, and several daily and weekly podcasts from the CBC Radio 3 website.
CBC Radio One is the English-language news and information radio network of the publicly owned Canadian Broadcasting Corporation.
CBC Television (also known as simply "CBC") is a Canadian English-language broadcast television network that is owned by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, the national public broadcaster. The network began operations on September 6, 1952. Its French-language counterpart is Ici Radio-Canada Télé. Headquartered at the Canadian Broadcasting Centre in Toronto, CBC Television is available throughout Canada on over-the-air television stations in urban centres and as a must-carry station on cable and satellite television. Almost all of the CBC's programming is produced in Canada. Although CBC Television is supported by public funding, commercial advertising revenue supplements the network, in contrast to CBC Radio and public broadcasters from several other countries, which are commercial-free.
CBFT-DT, virtual channel 2 (UHF digital channel 19), is the flagship station of the French language service of Ici Radio-Canada Télé located in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
CBS (an initialism of the network's former name, the Columbia Broadcasting System) is an American English language commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of CBS Corporation.
CFTK-TV is a CTV Two owned-and-operated television station in Terrace, British Columbia, Canada.
CFTU-DT, UHF channel 29 (branded on-air as "Canal Savoir", the French translation for "Knowledge Channel"), is a Canadian French language educational independent television station located in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. The station is owned by CANAL (Corporation pour l'Avancement de Nouvelles Applications des Langages), a private consortium consisting primarily of Quebec-based post-secondary institutions. CFTU's studios are located on Rue Sainte-Catherine East and Rue Pathenais in Downtown Montreal, and its transmitter is located at Pavillon Roger-Gaudry on the campus of Université de Montréal. This station can also be seen on Vidéotron cable channel 22, Bell TV satellite channel 152 and Shaw Direct satellite channel 720. It is also available on cable through much of Quebec, and in parts of Ontario, New Brunswick and Western Canada.
Channel 1 (הערוץ הראשון, HaArutz HaRishon, lit. The First Channel, sometimes called 1 ערוץ, Arutz Ahat) was one of the oldest television channels in Israel (with only the Israeli Educational Television being older) and one of five terrestrial channels in the country (along with Channel 2, Channel 10, Channel 33 and the Knesset Channel).
Channel 33 (ערוץ 33; Arutz Shloshim VeShalosh) was an Israeli public terrestrial channel, operated by the Israel Broadcasting Authority (IBA), which was primarily designated for Arabic-speaking viewers.
Channel 4 is a British public-service television broadcaster that began transmission on 2 November 1982.
Channel 5 is a British commercial television network.
Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.
CHUM Limited was a media company based in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, from 1945 to 2007.
The term citizen media refers to forms of content produced by private citizens who are otherwise not professional journalists.
City (formerly known as Citytv) is a Canadian television network owned by the Rogers Media subsidiary of Rogers Communications.
City Saskatchewan (formerly the Saskatchewan Communications Network, or SCN) is a Canadian English language cable television channel in the province of Saskatchewan.
CityNews (corporately styled CityNews) is the title of news and current affairs programming on the City television network in Canada.
CJDC-TV is a CTV Two owned-and-operated television station in Dawson Creek, British Columbia, Canada.
CJRT-FM is a Canadian public radio station, which broadcasts at 91.1 on the FM dial in Toronto, Ontario.
CKSA-DT is a television station in the city of Lloydminster, located on the border of the Canadian provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan.
The CKUA Radio Network is a Canadian donor-funded public radio network based in Edmonton, Alberta.
Classical music is art music produced or rooted in the traditions of Western culture, including both liturgical (religious) and secular music.
CNNMoney.com is a financial news and information website, operated by CNN.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
Columbia is a city in Missouri and the county seat of Boone County.
Commercial broadcasting (also called private broadcasting) is the broadcasting of television programs and radio programming by privately owned corporate media, as opposed to state sponsorship.
The Commonwealth of Nations, often known as simply the Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire.
Belgium is a federal state comprising three communities, three regions, and four language areas.
The Community of Portuguese Language Countries (Portuguese: Comunidade dos Países de Língua Portuguesa; abbreviated as CPLP), occasionally known in English as the Lusophone Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organization of Lusophone nations across four continents, where Portuguese is an official language, mostly of former colonies of the Portuguese Empire.
Community radio is a radio service offering a third model of radio broadcasting in addition to commercial and public broadcasting.
Community television is a form of mass media in which a television station is owned, operated or programmed by a community group to provide television programs of local interest known as local programming.
Community television in Australia (CTV) is a form of free-to-air non-commercial citizen media in which a television station is owned, operated and/or programmed by a community group to provide local programming to its broadcast area.
Community television in Canada is a form of media that carries programming of local community interest produced by a cable television company and by independent community groups and distributed by a local cable company.
Conservatism is a political and social philosophy promoting traditional social institutions in the context of culture and civilization.
A controlling interest is an ownership interest in a corporation with enough voting stock shares to prevail in any stockholders' motion.
The Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service (CSREES) is an agency within the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), part of the executive branch of the federal government.
Corporate media is a term which refers to a system of mass media production, distribution, ownership, and funding which is dominated by corporations and their CEOs.
The Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB) is an American privately owned non-profit corporation created in 1967 by an act of the United States Congress and funded by the federal government to promote and help support public broadcasting.
Create is an American digital broadcast television network.
Croatia (Hrvatska), officially the Republic of Croatia (Republika Hrvatska), is a country at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, on the Adriatic Sea.
Croatian Radiotelevision (Hrvatska radiotelevizija or HRT) is a Croatian public broadcasting company.
CTV Two (also known as "CTV 2") is a Canadian English language television system that is owned by the Bell Media subsidiary of Bell Canada.
CTV Two Alberta is a Canadian English language entertainment and former educational television channel in the province of Alberta.
Cultural policy is the government actions, laws and programs that regulate, protect, encourage and financially (or otherwise) support activities related to the arts and creative sectors, such as painting, sculpture, music, dance, literature, and filmmaking, among others and culture, which may involve activities related to language, heritage and diversity.
Current is an American trade journal that covers public broadcasting in the United States.
The koruna (sign: Kč; code: CZK) is the currency of the Czech Republic since 1993, and in English it is sometimes referred to as Czech crown.
The Czech News Agency (Česká tisková kancelář), abbreviated to ČTK, is a national public service news agency in the Czech Republic.
Český rozhlas (ČRo) is the public radio broadcaster of the Czech Republic, operating since 1923.
Dawson Creek is a city in northeastern British Columbia, Canada.
Daytime television is a television genre which features television programming traditionally produced and scheduled to air between the hours of 9 a.m. (at the end of morning show-type programming) and 8 p.m. (when local news and the early fringe of primetime begins).
The Department of Justice (Ministère de la Justice) is the department of the Government of Canada that represents the Canadian government in legal matters.
Desperate Housewives is an American television comedy-drama and mystery series created by Marc Cherry and produced by ABC Studios and Cherry Productions.
Deutschlandradio (DLR or DRadio) is a national German public radio broadcaster.
Digital audio broadcasting (DAB) is a digital radio standard for broadcasting digital audio radio services, used in many countries across Europe, Asia, and the Pacific.
In broadcasting, digital subchannels are a method of transmitting more than one independent program stream simultaneously from the same digital radio or television station on the same radio frequency channel.
Digital terrestrial television (DTTV or DTT) is a technology for broadcast television in which land-based (terrestrial) television stations broadcast television content by radio waves to televisions in consumers' residences in a digital format.
Digital terrestrial television in Canada (or digital over-the-air television (OTA) in Canada) is transmitted using the ATSC standard.
Distance education or long-distance learning is the education of students who may not always be physically present at a school.
A documentary film is a nonfictional motion picture intended to document some aspect of reality, primarily for the purposes of instruction, education, or maintaining a historical record.
DoD News Channel was a television channel broadcasting military news and information for the 2.6 million members of the U.S. Armed Forces.
Donald John Trump (born June 14, 1946) is the 45th and current President of the United States, in office since January 20, 2017.
Doordarshan (abbreviated in English as DD) is an autonomous public service broadcaster founded by the Government of India, which is owned by the Broadcasting Ministry of India and is one of two divisions of Prasar Bharati.
DR (Danmarks Radio), officially Danish Broadcasting Corporation in English, is a Danish public-service radio and television broadcasting company.
Duna (English: Duna Channel, formerly: Duna Televízió) is one of public television channels in Hungary.
Duna World is the international television service of Duna Televízió and Magyar Televízió, the Hungarian public broadcaster.
Ecuador TV is the public service channel of Ecuador established in October 2007 thanks to a provision of non-reimbursable funds of $5 million of the Economic and Social Development Bank of Venezuela (BANDES by its Spanish acronym).
The Ecuadorian Constituent Assembly was a 2007–2008 constitutional assembly in Ecuador, which drafted the 2008 Constitution of Ecuador, approved via the Ecuadorian constitutional referendum, 2008.
Editorial independence is the freedom of editors to make decisions without interference from the owners of a publication.
Edmonton (Cree: Amiskwaciy Waskahikan; Blackfoot: Omahkoyis) is the capital city of the Canadian province of Alberta.
Korea Educational Broadcasting System (한국교육방송공사) or EBS is a children's educational television and radio network covering South Korean territory, and the only major South Korean radio and television network without a separate regional service.
An educational program is a program written by the institution or ministry of education which determines the learning progress of each subject in all the stages of formal education.
Educational Television Stations was a division of the National Association of Educational Broadcasters (NAEB), created at the association's 1963 convention in the United States.
Eesti Rahvusringhääling (ERR) – Estonian Public Broadcasting – is a publicly funded radio and television organisation created in Estonia on 1 June 2007 to take over the functions of the formerly separate Eesti Raadio (ER) (Estonian Radio) and Eesti Televisioon (ETV) (Estonian Television), under the terms of the Estonian National Broadcasting Act.
Eesti Televisioon (ETV) (Estonian Television) is the free-to-air national public television station of Estonia.
Euskal Irrati Telebista (EiTB, Basque Radio-television) is the Basque Autonomous Community's public broadcast service.
Empresa Brasil de Comunicação (Brazil Communication Company), aka EBC, is a Brazilian public company, created in 2007 to manage the federal government's broadcast network.
The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.
The EPA Sport (ERA Σπορ, ERA Spor) is the sports radio station of ERT.
ERT HD (ΕΡΤ HD) is a high-definition television channel by ERT, the public broadcaster of Greece.
ERT1 (ΕΡΤ1; short for Ellinikí Radiophonia Tileórasi 1), formerly ET1 (short for Ellinikí Tileórasi 1; Ελληνική Τηλεόραση 1), is the flagship television network of ERT, the Hellenic Broadcasting Corporation (Ελληνική Ραδιοφωνία Τηλεόραση).
ERT2 (ΕΡΤ2), formerly NET (short for Néa Ellinikí Tileórasi; Νέα Ελληνική Τηλεόραση), is the second television network of the Hellenic Broadcasting Corporation (ERT), the public broadcaster of Greece.
ERT3 (ΕΡΤ3), formerly ET3 (short for Ellinikí Tileórasi 3; Ελληνική Τηλεόραση 3), is the third television channel of the Hellenic Broadcasting Corporation (ERT), the public broadcaster of Greece.
ETB 1 is the first television channel from the Euskal Irrati Telebista group in the Basque Autonomous Community, Navarre and the French Basque Country.
ETB 2 is the second television channel from the Euskal Irrati Telebista group in the Basque Autonomous Community, Navarre and the French Basque Country.
ETB 3 is the third television channel from the Euskal Irrati Telebista group in the Basque Autonomous Community, Navarre and the French Basque Country.
ETV2 is an Estonian television channel, transmitted in digital format.
The European Broadcasting Union (EBU; Union européenne de radio-télévision, UER) is an alliance of public service media organisations, established on 12 February 1950.
The Executive Council of Alberta, or more commonly the Cabinet of Alberta, is the Province of Alberta's equivalent to the Cabinet of Canada.
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is an independent agency of the United States government created by statute (and) to regulate interstate communications by radio, television, wire, satellite, and cable.
The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government) is the national government of the United States, a constitutional republic in North America, composed of 50 states, one district, Washington, D.C. (the nation's capital), and several territories.
Federalism is the mixed or compound mode of government, combining a general government (the central or 'federal' government) with regional governments (provincial, state, cantonal, territorial or other sub-unit governments) in a single political system.
Finland (Suomi; Finland), officially the Republic of Finland is a country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, and Russia to the east.
Finnish (or suomen kieli) is a Finnic language spoken by the majority of the population in Finland and by ethnic Finns outside Finland.
First Programme (Πρώτο Πρόγραμμα, Proto Programma) is the first program that operated public radio, originally emitted in the EIR and later Hellenic Broadcasting Corporation.
The FM broadcast band, used for FM broadcast radio by radio stations, differs between different parts of the world.
FM broadcasting is a method of radio broadcasting using frequency modulation (FM) technology.
FM4 is an Austrian national radio station, operated by the ORF.
The Ford Foundation is a New York-headquartered, globally oriented private foundation with the mission of advancing human welfare.
The Federation of Regional Organizations of Radio and Television (Federación de Organismos de Radio y Televisión Autonómicos, FORTA) is the association of the public broadcasting networks from 12 autonomous communities of Spain.
The Fox Broadcasting Company (often shortened to Fox and stylized as FOX) is an American commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of Fox Entertainment Group, a subsidiary of 21st Century Fox.
France 2 is a French public national television channel.
France 5 is a public television network in France, part of the France Télévisions group.
France Télévisions (stylized as France.tv) is the French public national television broadcaster.
Free Press is a United States advocacy group that is part of the media reform or media democracy movement.
Free-to-view (FTV) is a term used for audio and/or video transmissions that are provided free-of-charge without any form of continual subscription but are nevertheless encrypted.
Freeform, or freeform radio, is a radio station programming format in which the disc jockey is given total control over what music to play, regardless of music genre or commercial interests.
The Padre Anchieta Foundation is a Brazilian organization that develops educational radio and television programs.
Galgalatz (גלגלצ) is a popular Israeli radio station operated by Israel Defense Forces Radio.
Galicia (Galician: Galicia, Galiza; Galicia; Galiza) is an autonomous community of Spain and historic nationality under Spanish law.
A generalist channel is a television or radio channel whose target audience is not confined to a particular set of people, but instead aims to offer a wide range of programs and program genres to a diverse general public.
George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is an American politician who served as the 43rd President of the United States from 2001 to 2009.
Gjirokastër is a city in southern Albania, on a valley between the Gjerë mountains and the Drino, at 300 metres above sea level.
Global Television Network (more commonly called Global, or occasionally Global TV) is a privately owned Canadian English-language broadcast television network.
Google Books (previously known as Google Book Search and Google Print and by its codename Project Ocean) is a service from Google Inc. that searches the full text of books and magazines that Google has scanned, converted to text using optical character recognition (OCR), and stored in its digital database.
Google News is a news aggregator and app developed by Google.
The Government Accountability Office (GAO) is a legislative branch government agency that provides auditing, evaluation, and investigative services for the United States Congress.
A government or state agency, sometimes an appointed commission, is a permanent or semi-permanent organization in the machinery of government that is responsible for the oversight and administration of specific functions, such as an intelligence agency.
The Government of the Commonwealth of Australia (also referred to as the Australian Government, the Commonwealth Government, or the Federal Government) is the government of the Commonwealth of Australia, a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy.
Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
Guinea-Bissau, officially the Republic of Guinea-Bissau (República da Guiné-Bissau), is a sovereign state in West Africa.
Hamburg (locally), Hamborg, officially the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg, Friee un Hansestadt Hamborg),Constitution of Hamburg), is the second-largest city of Germany as well as one of the country's 16 constituent states, with a population of roughly 1.8 million people. The city lies at the core of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region which spreads across four German federal states and is home to more than five million people. The official name reflects Hamburg's history as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League, a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, a city-state and one of the 16 states of Germany. Before the 1871 Unification of Germany, it was a fully sovereign state. Prior to the constitutional changes in 1919 it formed a civic republic headed constitutionally by a class of hereditary grand burghers or Hanseaten. The city has repeatedly been beset by disasters such as the Great Fire of Hamburg, exceptional coastal flooding and military conflicts including World War II bombing raids. Historians remark that the city has managed to recover and emerge wealthier after each catastrophe. Situated on the river Elbe, Hamburg is home to Europe's second-largest port and a broad corporate base. In media, the major regional broadcasting firm NDR, the printing and publishing firm italic and the newspapers italic and italic are based in the city. Hamburg remains an important financial center, the seat of Germany's oldest stock exchange and the world's oldest merchant bank, Berenberg Bank. Media, commercial, logistical, and industrial firms with significant locations in the city include multinationals Airbus, italic, italic, italic, and Unilever. The city is a forum for and has specialists in world economics and international law with such consular and diplomatic missions as the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the EU-LAC Foundation, and the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning. In recent years, the city has played host to multipartite international political conferences and summits such as Europe and China and the G20. Former German Chancellor italic, who governed Germany for eight years, and Angela Merkel, German chancellor since 2005, come from Hamburg. The city is a major international and domestic tourist destination. It ranked 18th in the world for livability in 2016. The Speicherstadt and Kontorhausviertel were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 2015. Hamburg is a major European science, research, and education hub, with several universities and institutions. Among its most notable cultural venues are the italic and italic concert halls. It gave birth to movements like Hamburger Schule and paved the way for bands including The Beatles. Hamburg is also known for several theatres and a variety of musical shows. St. Pauli's italic is among the best-known European entertainment districts.
Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
The Hellenic Broadcasting Corporation (Ελληνική Ραδιοφωνία Τηλεόραση, Ellinikí Radiofonía Tileórasi or ERT (ΕΡΤ) is the state-owned public radio and television broadcaster for Greece.
The hertz (symbol: Hz) is the derived unit of frequency in the International System of Units (SI) and is defined as one cycle per second.
Hesse or Hessia (Hessen, Hessian dialect: Hesse), officially the State of Hesse (German: Land Hessen) is a federal state (''Land'') of the Federal Republic of Germany, with just over six million inhabitants.
Hessischer Rundfunk (Hessian Broadcasting Corporation; hr) is the public broadcaster for the German state (Bundesland) of Hesse.
High-definition television (HDTV) is a television system providing an image resolution that is of substantially higher resolution than that of standard-definition television, either analog or digital.
Hitradio Ö3 is one of the nationwide radio stations of Austria's public broadcaster ORF.
Houston is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Texas and the fourth most populous city in the United States, with a census-estimated 2017 population of 2.312 million within a land area of.
Hugo Rafael Chávez Frías (28 July 1954 – 5 March 2013) was a Venezuelan politician who was President of Venezuela from 1999 to 2013.
Human rights are moral principles or normsJames Nickel, with assistance from Thomas Pogge, M.B.E. Smith, and Leif Wenar, December 13, 2013, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,, Retrieved August 14, 2014 that describe certain standards of human behaviour and are regularly protected as natural and legal rights in municipal and international law.
Hungary (Magyarország) is a country in Central Europe that covers an area of in the Carpathian Basin, bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, and Slovenia to the west.
Iceland is a Nordic island country in the North Atlantic, with a population of and an area of, making it the most sparsely populated country in Europe.
Ici Explora (stylized as ICI Explora) is a Canadian French language Category B specialty channel owned by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) that focuses on science, environment, nature, and health programming.
Ici Musique (stylized as ICI Musique) is the French-language music radio service of Canada's national public broadcaster, the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (Société Radio-Canada).
Ici Radio-Canada Première (formerly Première Chaîne) is a Canadian French-language radio network, the news and information service of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (known as Société Radio-Canada in French), the public broadcaster of Canada.
Ici Radio-Canada Télé (stylized as ICI Radio-Canada TēLē, and formerly known as Télévision de Radio-Canada) is a Canadian French-language broadcast television network that is owned by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (known in French as Société Radio-Canada), the national public broadcaster.
Ici RDI (stylized ICI RDI) is a Canadian French language Category C news channel operated by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation.
An independent voter, often called an unaffiliated voter in the United States, is a voter who does not align themselves with a political party.
The industrial policy of a country, sometimes denoted IP, is its official strategic effort to encourage the development and growth of part or all of the manufacturing sector as well as other sectors of the economy.
Instructional television (ITV) is the use of television programs in the field of distance education.
The Insular Government of the Philippine Islands was a territorial government of the United States that was established in 1901 and was dissolved in 1935.
Intercontinental Broadcasting Corporation (IBC) is a Philippine-based media company and VHF television network of the Government Communications Group under the Presidential Communications Operations Office.
International broadcasting is broadcasting that is deliberately aimed at a foreign, rather than a domestic, audience.
An investment policy is any government regulation or law that encourages or discourages foreign investment in the local economy, e.g. currency exchange limits.
Iowa Public Radio is a state network in the U.S. state of Iowa that combines the operations of the National Public Radio member stations run by Iowa State University, the University of Iowa, and University of Northern Iowa.
The Irish language (Gaeilge), also referred to as the Gaelic or the Irish Gaelic language, is a Goidelic language (Gaelic) of the Indo-European language family originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish people.
The Israel Broadcasting Authority (IBA) was Israel's state broadcasting organization from 1948 until May 2017.
The Israel Defense Forces (IDF; צְבָא הַהֲגָנָה לְיִשְׂרָאֵל, lit. "The Army of Defense for Israel"; جيش الدفاع الإسرائيلي), commonly known in Israel by the Hebrew acronym Tzahal, are the military forces of the State of Israel.
The Israeli Educational Television (also known as IETV, הטלוויזיה החינוכית הישראלית, HaŦelevizia HaKhinuchít HaIsraelit or just חינוכית - Hinuchit) is a state-owned public terrestrial television network which used to concentrate on producing and broadcasting programs for school children.
The Israeli Public Broadcasting Corporation (IPBC; lit), doing business as Kan (lit), is an Israeli statutory public corporation founded in 2014, based on the Public Broadcasting Law 2014.
ITV is a British commercial TV network.
The Jatiya Sangsad ("National Parliament"; জাতীয় সংসদ Jatiyô Sôngsôd), often referred to simply as the Sangsad or JS and also known as the House of the Nation, is the supreme legislative body of Bangladesh.
Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, United States, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime.
KAN 11 (כאן 11 - often referred to as כאן11 and stylized 11|כא) is a state-owned Israeli television channel founded in 2017.
KIOF-LP (97.9 FM) is a radio station licensed to serve Las Vegas, Nevada.
Klang Valley (Lembah Klang) is an area in Malaysia which is centered in Kuala Lumpur, and includes its adjoining cities and towns in the state of Selangor.
Knowledge Network, also branded as British Columbia's Knowledge Network, is a Canadian publicly funded educational cable television network serving the province of British Columbia.
KOMU 8 is the NBC-affiliated television station for Mid-Missouri that is licensed to Columbia.
Korçë ((Korça), other names see below) is a city and municipality in southeastern Albania, and the seat of Korçë County.
Korean Broadcasting System (KBS) is the national public broadcaster of South Korea.
Kosmos 93.6 (Κόσμος 93.6) is the fourth public radio channel of Greece's state broadcaster, ERT.
Kossuth Rádió (formerly known as MR1-Kossuth Rádió, Radio Budapest and Budapest I.) is the national radio station of Hungary.
KPFA (94.1 FM) is a listener-funded talk radio and music radio station located in Berkeley, California, U.S., broadcasting to the San Francisco Bay Area.
KPFK (90.7 FM) is a listener-sponsored radio station based in North Hollywood, California, United States, which serves Southern California, and also streams 24 hours a day via the Internet.
KPFT is a listener-sponsored community radio station in Houston, Texas, which began broadcasting March 1, 1970 as the fourth station in the Pacifica radio family.
Kringvarp Føroya (English: Broadcasting Faroe Islands) is the national broadcasting company of the Faroe Islands.
KUHT, virtual and VHF digital channel 8, is a Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) member television station licensed to Houston, Texas.
Kukës (Kukësi) is a city in the Republic of Albania.
La 1 (La Uno, The One), is the flagship television channel of Spanish public broadcaster Radiotelevisión Española (RTVE).
La 2 (La Dos, The Two) is Spain's second state-owned television channel for the public broadcasting service.
La Cinq was France's first privately owned free terrestrial television network.
La Deux – (Channel) Two – is a Belgian national television channel, owned and operated by the French-language public-service broadcasting organization RTBF.
La Trois – (Channel) Three – is a Belgian national television channel, owned and operated by the French-language public-service broadcasting organization RTBF.
La Une is a Belgian national television channel, owned and operated by the French-language public-service broadcasting organization RTBF.
La7 is an Italian private television channel owned by Cairo Communication.
Las Vegas (Spanish for "The Meadows"), officially the City of Las Vegas and often known simply as Vegas, is the 28th-most populated city in the United States, the most populated city in the state of Nevada, and the county seat of Clark County.
Lee Enterprises is a publicly traded American media company.
Left-wing politics supports social equality and egalitarianism, often in opposition to social hierarchy.
Liège (Lidje; Luik,; Lüttich) is a major Walloon city and municipality and the capital of the Belgian province of Liège. The city is situated in the valley of the Meuse, in the east of Belgium, not far from borders with the Netherlands (Maastricht is about to the north) and with Germany (Aachen is about north-east). At Liège, the Meuse meets the River Ourthe. The city is part of the sillon industriel, the former industrial backbone of Wallonia. It still is the principal economic and cultural centre of the region. The Liège municipality (i.e. the city proper) includes the former communes of Angleur, Bressoux, Chênée, Glain, Grivegnée, Jupille-sur-Meuse, Rocourt, and Wandre. In November 2012, Liège had 198,280 inhabitants. The metropolitan area, including the outer commuter zone, covers an area of 1,879 km2 (725 sq mi) and had a total population of 749,110 on 1 January 2008. Population of all municipalities in Belgium on 1 January 2008. Retrieved on 2008-10-19. Definitions of metropolitan areas in Belgium. The metropolitan area of Liège is divided into three levels. First, the central agglomeration (agglomeratie) with 480,513 inhabitants (2008-01-01). Adding the closest surroundings (banlieue) gives a total of 641,591. And, including the outer commuter zone (forensenwoonzone) the population is 810,983. Retrieved on 2008-10-19. This includes a total of 52 municipalities, among others, Herstal and Seraing. Liège ranks as the third most populous urban area in Belgium, after Brussels and Antwerp, and the fourth municipality after Antwerp, Ghent and Charleroi.
Liberalism is a political and moral philosophy based on liberty and equality.
Lisbon (Lisboa) is the capital and the largest city of Portugal, with an estimated population of 552,700, Census 2011 results according to the 2013 administrative division of Portugal within its administrative limits in an area of 100.05 km2.
Lithuanian National Radio and Television (Lithuanian) is the national public broadcasting company of Lithuania based in Vilnius, the capital of Lithuania.
Lloydminster is a Canadian city which has the unusual geographic distinction of straddling the provincial border between Alberta and Saskatchewan.
Los Angeles (Spanish for "The Angels";; officially: the City of Los Angeles; colloquially: by its initials L.A.) is the second-most populous city in the United States, after New York City.
Lost is an American drama television series that originally aired on the American Broadcasting Company (ABC) from September 22, 2004, to May 23, 2010, over six seasons, comprising a total of 121 episodes.
Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen, Neddersassen) is a German state (Land) situated in northwestern Germany.
LRT Klasika is a Lithuanian radio channel dedicated to culture and classical music and produced by Lithuanian National Radio and Television (LRT).
LRT Kultūra is a Lithuanian television station owned and operated by LRT.
LRT Lituanica is the third Lithuanian public television channel, operated by LRT.
LRT Radijas is the public-owned Lithuanian radio station.
LRT televizija is a Lithuanian television station owned and operated by LRT.
Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908January 22, 1973), often referred to by his initials LBJ, was an American politician who served as the 36th President of the United States from 1963 to 1969, assuming the office after having served as the 37th Vice President of the United States from 1961 to 1963.
M1 (M Egy) is a Hungarian television channel owned and operated by Magyar Televízió.
M2 (M Kettő) is a Hungarian television channel owned and operated by Magyar Televízió.
M3 (M Három) is a Hungarian television channel owned and operated by Magyar Televízió and MTVA.
Macau, officially the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory on the western side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
Madeira is a Portuguese archipelago situated in the north Atlantic Ocean, southwest of Portugal.
Magic Malta is a music radio station in Malta operated by Public Broadcasting Services, the Maltese government's public broadcaster.
Magyar Rádió (MR, The Hungarian Radio Corporation, also known internationally as Radio Budapest) is Hungary's publicly funded radio broadcasting organization.
MTI (Magyar Távirati Iroda, literally "Hungarian Telegraphic Office") is a Hungarian news agency.
Magyar Televízió (Hungarian Television) or MTV is a nationwide public television broadcasting organization in Hungary.
Mass market is a market for goods produced on a large scale for a group of significant number of end consumers.
The mass media is a diversified collection of media technologies that reach a large audience via mass communication.
The Māori are the indigenous Polynesian people of New Zealand.
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (often Mecklenburg-West Pomerania in English and commonly shortened to "Meck-Pomm" or even "McPom" or "M-V" in German) is a federal state in northern Germany.
Media Matters for America (MMfA) is a progressive tax-exempt, nonprofit organization, with the stated mission of "comprehensively monitoring, analyzing, and correcting conservative misinformation in the U.S. media".
Mediaset S.p.A., also known as Gruppo Mediaset in Italian, is an Italian-based mass media company which is the largest commercial broadcaster in the country.
MHz Networks is an American public broadcaster that specializes in international television programming.
Michigan is a state in the Great Lakes and Midwestern regions of the United States.
The Ministry of Information (তথ্য মন্ত্রণালয়) (abbreviated as MoI) is a branch of the Government of Bangladesh is the apex body for formulation and administration of the rules and regulations and laws relating to information, broadcasting, the press and films in Bangladesh.
The Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (Ministry of I&B) is a branch of the Government of India which is apex body for formulation and administration of the rules and regulations and laws relating to information, broadcasting, the press and films in India.
MinnPost is a nonprofit online newspaper in Minneapolis, founded in 2007, with a focus on Minnesota news.
Mister Rogers' Neighborhood (sometimes shortened to Misterogers or simply Mister Rogers) is an American half-hour educational children's television series that was created and hosted by Fred Rogers.
Mitteldeutscher Rundfunk (Central German Broadcasting, MDR) is the public broadcaster for the federal states of Thuringia, Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt.
Moldova 1 is the national Moldovan television channel, operated by the national public broadcaster, TeleRadio-Moldova.
Moncton is the largest city in the Canadian province of New Brunswick.
Montreal (officially Montréal) is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada.
Mozambique, officially the Republic of Mozambique (Moçambique or República de Moçambique) is a country in Southeast Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west, and Swaziland and South Africa to the southwest.
Médiaszolgáltatás-támogató és Vagyonkezelő Alap (MTVA) (Media Services and Support Trust Fund) is the cooperation of the four public media services; Magyar Rádió, Magyar Televízió, Duna Televízió, and Magyar Távirati Iroda.
Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation (MBC) is one of the leading South Korean television and radio network companies.
NASA TV (originally NASA Select) is the television service of the United States government agency NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration).
The National Association of Educational Broadcasters (NAEB) was founded as the Association of College University Broadcasting Stations (ACUBS) in 1925.
The National Educational Radio Network (NERN) was a means of distributing radio programs in the United States between 1961 and 1970.
National Educational Television (NET) was a United States educational broadcast television network that was owned by the Ford Foundation and later co-owned by the Corporation for Public Broadcasting.
National Socialism (Nationalsozialismus), more commonly known as Nazism, is the ideology and practices associated with the Nazi Party – officially the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) – in Nazi Germany, and of other far-right groups with similar aims.
The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) is an American English language commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of NBCUniversal, a subsidiary of Comcast.
In the broadcasting industry (particularly in North America), a network affiliate or affiliated station is a local broadcaster, owned by a company other than the owner of the network, which carries some or all of the lineup of television programs or radio programs of a television or radio network.
New media are forms of media that are native to computers, computational and relying on computers for re-distribution.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
The New Zealand Broadcasting Corporation was established by the New Zealand government in 1962.
Newark is the most populous city in the U.S. state of New Jersey and the seat of Essex County.
A news agency is an organization that gathers news reports and sells them to subscribing news organizations, such as newspapers, magazines and radio and television broadcasters.
News broadcasting is the medium of broadcasting of various news events and other information via television, radio, or internet in the field of broadcast journalism.
Newton Leroy Gingrich (né McPherson; born June 17, 1943) is an American politician and author, born in Pennsylvania, later representing Georgia in Congress, and ultimately serving as 50th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives from 1995 to 1999.
is Japan's national public broadcasting organization.
Nielsen Holdings PLC (formerly known as Nielsen N.V.) is a global information, data and measurement company with headquarters in the U.K..
NOAA Weather Radio (NWR; also known as NOAA Weather Radio All Hazards) is an automated 24-hour network of VHF FM weather radio stations in the United States that broadcast weather information directly from a nearby National Weather Service office.
Non-commercial (also spelled noncommercial) refers to an activity or entity that does not, in some sense, involve commerce, at least relative to similar activities that do have a commercial objective or emphasis.
The term non-commercial educational (NCE) applies to a radio station or TV station that does not accept on-air advertisements (TV ads or radio ads), as defined in the United States by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC).
A non-profit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity or non-profit institution, is dedicated to furthering a particular social cause or advocating for a shared point of view.
Norddeutscher Rundfunk (NDR; Northern German Broadcasting) is a public radio and television broadcaster, based in Hamburg.
North Rhine-Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen,, commonly shortened to NRW) is the most populous state of Germany, with a population of approximately 18 million, and the fourth largest by area.
National Public Radio (usually shortened to NPR, stylized as npr) is an American privately and publicly funded non-profit membership media organization based in Washington, D.C. It serves as a national syndicator to a network of over 1,000 public radio stations in the United States.
NRK (an abbreviation of the Norwegian: Norsk rikskringkasting AS, generally expressed in English as the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation) is the Norwegian government-owned radio and television public broadcasting company, and the largest media organisation in Norway.
NZ on Air (or the Broadcasting Commission) (in Maori: Irirangi te Motu) is an independent New Zealand broadcast funding agency.
The Office of Communications (Y Swyddfa Gyfathrebiadau), commonly known as Ofcom, is the UK government-approved regulatory and competition authority for the broadcasting, telecommunications and postal industries of the United Kingdom.
The Office de Radiodiffusion-Télévision Française (ORTF) was the national agency charged, between 1964 and 1974, with providing public radio and television in France.
The official languages of Canada are English and French, which "have equality of status and equal rights and privileges as to their use in all institutions of the Parliament and Government of Canada," according to Canada's constitution.
Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada.
Österreichischer Rundfunk (Austrian Broadcasting Corporation, ORF) is the Austrian national public service broadcaster.
ORF 2 is an Austrian television channel owned by ORF.
ORF eins (ORF one) is an Austrian television channel.
ORF III, sometimes called ORF 3 is an Austrian television channel owned by the Austrian national broadcaster, Österreichischer Rundfunk (ORF).
ORF Sport + is an Austrian sports channel owned by the public service broadcaster, ORF.
Ostrava (Ostrawa, Ostrau or Mährisch Ostrau) is a city in the north-east of the Czech Republic and is the capital of the Moravian-Silesian Region.
Ottawa is the capital city of Canada.
In the broadcasting industry, an owned-and-operated station (frequently abbreviated as O&O) usually refers to a television or radio station that is owned by the network with which it is associated.
Pacifica Foundation is an American non-profit organization which owns five independently operated, non-commercial, listener-supported radio stations known for their progressive/liberal political orientation.
The Pakistan Broadcasting Corporation (پاکستان نشریات), branded as Radio Pakistan (رادیو پاکستان), is a Pakistani federal corporation that serves as the national public radio and television broadcaster.
Parliament TV is a terrestrial television network in Malta that broadcasts the proceedings of the Parliament of Malta.
The Parti Québécois (French for Quebec Party; PQ) is a sovereignist provincial political party in Quebec in Canada.
The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is an American public broadcaster and television program distributor.
The PBS HD Channel is a digital television network in the United States.
PBS Satellite Service or "HD01" (formerly PBS Schedule X in Eastern Time, with the west coast delay signal designated PBS-XD) is the 24-hour network feed from the PBS that provides a mixed variety of programming selected from PBS's regular network service.
People's Television Network, Inc. (abbreviated PTV / PTNI) is the flagship government television network owned by the Philippine Government under the helm of the Presidential Communications Operations Office.
Philippine Broadcasting Service (PBS) (Filipino: Paglilingkod Panghimpapawid ng Pilipinas), also known by its government agency Bureau of Broadcast Services (BBS) (Filipino: Kawanihan ng Lingkurang Pagsasahimpapawid), is a radio network in the Philippines.
A pledge drive is an extended period of fundraising activities, generally used by public broadcasting stations to increase contributions.
Politico, known earlier as The Politico, is an American political journalism company based in Arlington County, Virginia, that covers politics and policy in the United States and internationally.
The Politics of Saskatchewan are part of the Canadian federal political system along with the other Canadian provinces.
Polskie Radio Spółka Akcyjna (PR S.A.; English: Polish Radio) is Poland's state-owned national publicly funded radio broadcasting organization.
The Pontifical Catholic University of Valparaiso (Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso) (PUCV), also known as Universidad Católica de Valparaíso (UCV), is a university of approximately 14,000 students located in Valparaíso, Chile.
Porto (also known as Oporto in English) is the second-largest city in Portugal after Lisbon and one of the major urban areas of the Iberian Peninsula.
Prague (Praha, Prag) is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic, the 14th largest city in the European Union and also the historical capital of Bohemia.
Prasar Bharati is India's largest public broadcasting agency.
The President of the Republic of Chile (Presidente de la República de Chile) is the head of state and the head of government of the Republic of Chile.
The President of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America.
The Prime Minister of Canada (Premier ministre du Canada) is the primary minister of the Crown, chairman of the Cabinet, and thus Canada's head of government, charged with advising the Canadian monarch or Governor General of Canada on the exercise of the executive powers vested in them by the constitution.
Propaganda is information that is not objective and is used primarily to influence an audience and further an agenda, often by presenting facts selectively to encourage a particular synthesis or perception, or using loaded language to produce an emotional rather than a rational response to the information that is presented.
The provinces and territories of Canada are the sub-national governments within the geographical areas of Canada under the authority of the Canadian Constitution.
In broadcasting, public affairs radio or television programs focus on matters of politics and public policy.
The Public Broadcasting Act of 1967 set up public broadcasting in the United States, establishing the Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB) and, eventually, the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS), and National Public Radio (NPR).
Public Broadcasting Services Limited (PBS) is the public broadcaster of Malta.
The Public Radio Exchange (PRX) is a nonprofit web-based platform for digital distribution, review, and licensing of radio programs.
Public Radio International (PRI) is an American public radio organization.
Public service is a service which is provided by government to people living within its jurisdiction, either directly (through the public sector) or by financing provision of services.
Taiwan Public Television Service Foundation (PTS Foundation/Public Television Service Foundation), also called Public Television Service (PTS), is the first independent public broadcasting institution in Taiwan, which broadcasts the Public Television Service Taiwan.
Public, educational, and government access television (also PEG-TV, PEG channel, PEGA, Local-access television) refers to three different cable television narrowcasting and specialty channels.
Public-access television is traditionally a form of non-commercial mass media where the general public can create content television programming which is narrowcast through cable TV specialty channels.
The Quad-City Times is a daily morning newspaper based in Davenport, Iowa, and circulated throughout the Quad Cities metropolitan area (Davenport, Bettendorf and Scott County in Iowa; and Moline, East Moline, Rock Island and Rock Island County in Illinois).
Quebec (Québec)According to the Canadian government, Québec (with the acute accent) is the official name in French and Quebec (without the accent) is the province's official name in English; the name is.
Radio and Television of Portugal (Rádio e Televisão de Portugal) is the public service broadcasting organisation of Portugal.
Radio and Television of Slovakia (Rozhlas a televízia Slovenska) or RTVS is a state-owned nationwide public broadcasting organization in Slovakia.
Radio Bremen (RB), Germany's smallest public radio and television broadcaster, is the legally mandated broadcaster for the city-state Free Hanseatic City of Bremen (which includes Bremerhaven).
Radio documentary is a spoken word radio format devoted to non-fiction narrative.
Radio Malta (Radju Malta) is the main radio service of Public Broadcasting Services, the public broadcaster of Malta.
Radio Moldova (Radio Moldova, RM) is the first publicly funded radio broadcaster in Moldova.
Radio Moldova Internațional (RMI) is the second publicly funded radio broadcaster in Moldova.
Radio New Zealand (Te Reo Irirangi o Aotearoa), commonly known as RNZ, is a New Zealand public service radio broadcaster and Crown entity established under the Radio New Zealand Act 1995.
Radio Philippines Network, Inc. is a Filipino-based media company co-owned by Government Communications Group under the Presidential Communications Operations Office, Nine Media Corporation, Far East Managers and Investors Inc., and several private stockholders.
Radio România Internaţional (Radio România Internaţional, or RRI) is a Romanian radio station owned by the Romanian public radio broadcaster Societatea Română de Radiodifuziune (SRR, the national public radio in Romania) that broadcasts abroad.
Radio România Regional is, in fact, the national network of regional state owned radio stations.
Radio Slovakia International (RSI) is Slovakia's official internet-based international broadcaster.
National Radio Television Afghanistan (RTA; د افغانستان ملي راډيو تلويزون Da Afġanistan Mīlī Radīo Telvizoon, رادیو تلویزیون ملی افغانستان Rādīo Telvizoon-e Mīlī-e Afġānestān, branded as ملی (meaning national)) is the public-broadcasting organization of Afghanistan, based in Kabul.
Radio Television of Serbia (Радио-телевизија Србије (РТС)/Radio-televizija Srbije (RTS)) is the public broadcaster in Serbia.
Radio Televisyen Malaysia is a Malaysian public broadcaster.
Radio Televizioni Shqiptar (English: Albanian Radio and Television – RTSH) is the public broadcaster of Albania, founded in 1938 in Tirana.
Radiodiffusion Française (RDF) was a French public institution responsible for public service broadcasting.
Radiodiffusion-Télévision Française (RTF – French Radio and Television Broadcasting) was the French national public broadcasting organization established on 9 February 1949 to replace the post-war "''Radiodiffusion Française''" (RDF), which had been founded on 23 March 1945 to replace ''Radiodiffusion Nationale'' (RN), created on 29 July 1939.
Radju Malta 2 is a radio station in Malta.
Radyo Pilipinas (English: Radio Philippines) is a Philippine radio network owned by the Philippine Broadcasting Service.
RAI – Radiotelevisione italiana S.p.A. (commercially styled Rai; known until 1954 as Radio Audizioni Italiane is the national public broadcasting company of Italy, owned by the Ministry of Economy and Finance. The RAI operates many DVB and Sat television channels and radio stations, broadcasting via digital terrestrial transmission (15 television and 7 radio channels nationwide) and from several satellite platforms. It is the biggest television broadcaster in Italy and competes with Mediaset, and other minor television and radio networks. The RAI has a relatively high television audience share of 33.8%. RAI broadcasts are also received in neighboring countries, including Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Malta, Monaco, Montenegro, San Marino, Slovenia, Vatican City, Switzerland, and Tunisia, and elsewhere on cable and satellite. Sometimes Rai 1 was received even further in Europe via Sporadic E until the digital switch off in July 2012. Half of the RAI's revenues come from broadcast receiving licence fees, the rest from the sale of advertising time Retrieved on 2007-10-10 Italian Ministry of Communications, Retrieved on 2007-10-10. In 1950, the RAI became one of the 23 founding broadcasting organizations of the European Broadcasting Union.
Rai 1 (until May 2010 known as Rai Uno) is the flagship television channel of Rai, Italy's national public service broadcaster, and the most watched television channel in the country.
Rai 2 is one of the three main television channels broadcast by Italian public television company RAI alongside Rai 1 and Rai 3.
Rai 3 is part of Rai, the Italian government broadcasting agency, which owns other channels, such as Rai 1 and Rai 2 (amongst others).
Rai 4 (pronounced Rai Quattro) is an Entertainment television channel broadcast by Italian state broadcaster Rai on digital terrestrial television in Italy and digital satellite television through Tivù Sat.
Rai 5 is an Italian television channel owned by Rai and broadcast on Digital terrestrial television in Italy.
Rai Gulp is an Italian television channel aimed to a children/teenager viewership, and is owned and operated by the state-owned RAI television network.
Rai Movie is an Italian movie television channel, owned by state-owned television network Rai and broadcast on digital terrestrial television in Italy and on satellite platform Tivù Sat.
Rai News 24 is Italy's first non-stop news and information channel, broadcast on digital terrestrial television in Italy and via satellite around Europe and North America.
Rai Premium is an Italian television channel owned RAI and broadcast on Digital terrestrial television in Italy.
Rai Scuola is an Italian television channel owned by Rai Educational, an arm of pubcaster RAI, available on digital terrestrial television in Italy.
Rai Sport is an Italian sports TV channel, launched in 1999 by the state-owned RAI television network.
Rai Storia is an Italian television channel owned by Rai Educational, an arm of pubcaster RAI available on digital terrestrial television in Italy.
Rai Yoyo is a national specialty channel owned by the Italian public broadcasting group RAI.
Raidió Teilifís Éireann (Radio-Television of Ireland; abbreviated as RTÉ) is a semi-state company and the national public service broadcaster of Ireland.
Ríkisútvarpið (RÚV) (pronounced or) ('The Icelandic National Broadcasting Service') is Iceland's national public-service broadcasting organization.
Rádio Nacional (National Radio) is a Brazilian radio network belonging to the government-owned corporation EBC (Empresa Brasil de Comunicação, Brazil Communication Company), formerly known as Radiobrás.
The Record-Journal is an American daily newspaper based in Meriden, Connecticut, that dates back to the years immediately following the American Civil War.
New Zealand is divided into sixteen regions for local government purposes.
Philippine Republic Day, also known as Filipino-American Friendship Day, is a commemoration in the Philippines held annually on 4 July.
Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz) is one of the 16 states (Bundesländer) of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was an American politician who served as the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 until 1974, when he resigned from office, the only U.S. president to do so.
Rio de Janeiro (River of January), or simply Rio, is the second-most populous municipality in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.
RNZ Concert or Radio New Zealand Concert (Te Reo Irirangi o Aotearoa Concert), known as Concert FM until 2007, is a publicly funded non-commercial New Zealand FM fine music radio network.
This article is about RNZ's international radio channel.
This article is about RNZ's domestic radio channel.
Robert Paul Griffin (November 6, 1923 – April 16, 2015) was a Republican U.S. Representative, U.S. Senator from the state of Michigan and Justice of the Michigan Supreme Court.
Rocklin is a city in Placer County, California located approximately from Sacramento, California, and about northeast of Roseville in the Sacramento metropolitan area.
Rogers Media, Inc. is a subsidiary of Rogers Communications, which owns Canada's largest publishing company, Rogers Publishing Limited, which has more than 70 consumer and business publications.
The Romanian Radio Broadcasting Company (Societatea Română de Radiodifuziune), informally referred to as Radio Romania (Radio România), is the public radio broadcaster in Romania.
Televiziunea Română, more commonly referred to as TVR, is the short name for Societatea Românǎ de Televiziune (Romanian Television Corporation), or SRTV—Romanian public television.
Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was an American politician and actor who served as the 40th President of the United States from 1981 to 1989.
The Royal Commission on Radio Broadcasting, otherwise known as the Aird Commission, was chaired by John Aird and examined Canada's broadcasting industry.
RTÉ 2fm, or 2FM as it is more commonly referred to, is an Irish radio station operated by RTÉ.
RTÉ lyric fm is an Irish classical-music and arts radio station, owned by the public-service broadcaster Raidió Teilifís Éireann (RTÉ).
RTÉ News Now is a 24-hour news television network in the Republic of Ireland operated by Irish public service broadcaster RTÉ.
RTÉ One (RTÉ a hAon) is the flagship television channel of Raidió Teilifís Éireann (RTÉ), and it is the most popular and most watched television channel in Ireland.
RTÉ Radio 1 (RTÉ Raidió 1) is the principal radio channel of Irish public-service broadcaster Raidió Teilifís Éireann and is the direct descendant of Dublin radio station 2RN, which began broadcasting on a regular basis on 1 January 1926.
RTÉ Raidió na Gaeltachta ("Radio of the Gaeltacht"), abbreviated RnaG, is the Irish-language radio service of the public-service broadcaster Raidió Teilifís Éireann.
RTÉ2 is a free-to-air general entertainment channel operated by Irish national broadcaster Raidió Teilifís Éireann.
RTÉjr is a children's channel operated by Ireland's national broadcaster Raidió Teilifís Éireann, which targets a demographic between 2 – 6 years of age.
Radio Télévision Belge Francophone (RTBF) is the public broadcasting organization of the French Community of Belgium, the southern, French-speaking part of Belgium.
Radio and Television of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Radio i televizija Crne Gore, Радио и телевизија Црне Горе - or RTCG, РТЦГ) is the public service broadcaster of Montenegro.
Radio Television Hong Kong (RTHK) is the public broadcasting service of Hong Kong.
RTP Açores is a Portuguese regional television channel operated in the Autonomous Region of the Azores by the national broadcaster, RTP (Rádio e Televisão de Portugal).
RTP África is a Portuguese terrestrial, cable and satellite television available in the Portuguese-speaking African countries, Brazil and Portugal, where it is available as a basic cable and satellite channel.
RTP Internacional (abbreviated as RTPi) is the international television service of Rádio e Televisão de Portugal, the Portuguese public broadcaster.
RTP Madeira is a regional Portuguese television channel operated by the Rádio e Televisão de Portugal.
RTP Memória (literally RTP Memory) is a Portuguese television channel that airs mainly classic RTP original programming and, occasionally, also foreign entertainment programming.
RTP1 is the main television channel of Rádio e Televisão de Portugal, the Portuguese public broadcasting corporation.
RTP2 is the second television channel of Rádio e Televisão de Portugal, the Portuguese public broadcasting corporation.
RTP3 is a Portuguese 24-hour news channel operated by Rádio e Televisão de Portugal (RTP), the country's public-service broadcasting organization.
The Corporación de Radio y Televisión Española, S.A. (Spanish Radio and Television Corporation) is the state-owned public corporation that assumed the indirect management of the Spanish public radio and television service formerly called Ente Público Radiotelevisión Española (RTVE Public Entity) in 2007.
Rundfunk Berlin-Brandenburg (rbb) (Berlin-Brandenburg Broadcasting) is an institution under public law (national broadcaster) for the German states of Berlin and Brandenburg, situated in Berlin and Potsdam.
S4C (from the Welsh Sianel Pedwar Cymru, meaning "Channel 4 Wales") is a Welsh-language British public-service TV channel broadcast throughout the UK and Republic of Ireland.
Saarland (das Saarland,; la Sarre) is one of the sixteen states (Bundesländer) of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Saarländischer Rundfunk (Saarland Broadcasting – SR) is a public radio and television broadcaster serving the German state of Saarland.
The Sami people (also known as the Sámi or the Saami) are a Finno-Ugric people inhabiting Sápmi, which today encompasses large parts of Norway and Sweden, northern parts of Finland, and the Murmansk Oblast of Russia.
Sangsad Bangladesh Television is a government-owned TV channel of Bangladesh.
Santiago, also known as Santiago de Chile, is the capital and largest city of Chile as well as one of the largest cities in the Americas.
In the context of spaceflight, a satellite is an artificial object which has been intentionally placed into orbit.
The Free State of Saxony (Freistaat Sachsen; Swobodny stat Sakska) is a landlocked federal state of Germany, bordering the federal states of Brandenburg, Saxony Anhalt, Thuringia, and Bavaria, as well as the countries of Poland (Lower Silesian and Lubusz Voivodeships) and the Czech Republic (Karlovy Vary, Liberec, and Ústí nad Labem Regions).
Saxony-Anhalt (Sachsen-Anhalt,, official: Land Sachsen-Anhalt) is a landlocked federal state of Germany surrounded by the federal states of Lower Saxony, Brandenburg, Saxony and Thuringia.
São Paulo is a municipality in the southeast region of Brazil.
São Paulo is one of the 26 states of the Federative Republic of Brazil and is named after Saint Paul of Tarsus.
São Tomé and Príncipe, officially the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe, is an island nation in the Gulf of Guinea, off the western equatorial coast of Central Africa.
Südwestrundfunk (SWR, "Southwest Broadcasting") is a regional public broadcasting corporation serving the southwest of Germany, specifically the federal states of Baden-Württemberg and Rhineland-Palatinate.
Schleswig-Holstein is the northernmost of the 16 states of Germany, comprising most of the historical duchy of Holstein and the southern part of the former Duchy of Schleswig.
Scotch Tape is a brand name used for pressure-sensitive tapes manufactured by 3M as part of the company's Scotch brand.
Second Programme (Δεύτερο Πρόγραμμα, Deftero Programma) is the second public radio station of Greece's state broadcaster, ERT.
The Senate of the Republic of Chile is the upper house of Chile's bicameral National Congress, as established in the current Constitution of Chile.
Serbia (Србија / Srbija),Pannonian Rusyn: Сербия; Szerbia; Albanian and Romanian: Serbia; Slovak and Czech: Srbsko,; Сърбия.
Sesame Street is an American educational children's television series that combines live action, sketch comedy, animation and puppetry.
Setanta Sports was a sports television company based in Dublin, Ireland.
Shkodër or Shkodra, historically known as Scutari (in Italian, English and most Western European landuages) or Scodra, is a city in the Republic of Albania.
Shortwave radio is radio transmission using shortwave radio frequencies.
Slovakia (Slovensko), officially the Slovak Republic (Slovenská republika), is a landlocked country in Central Europe.
The U.S. Information and Educational Exchange Act of 1948 (Public Law 80-402), popularly called the Smith–Mundt Act, is the basic legislative authorization for propaganda activities conducted by the U.S. Department of State, sometimes called "public diplomacy".
SIC – Sociedade Independente de Comunicação ("Independent Communication Company") is a Portuguese television network and media company, which runs several television channels.
A society is a group of individuals involved in persistent social interaction, or a large social group sharing the same geographical or social territory, typically subject to the same political authority and dominant cultural expectations.
South Dakota Public Broadcasting (SDPB) is a state network of non-commercial educational television and radio stations serving the U.S. state of South Dakota.
The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the United States House of Representatives.
The Special Broadcasting Service (SBS) is a hybrid-funded Australian public broadcasting radio, online, and television network.
A state network in the United States broadcasting industry is a quasi-regional network of television stations, composed of a designated flagship station that originates the programming and several full-power satellite stations and low-power translators that relay a full-time or part-time simulcast of the main station's content throughout sections if not the entirety of a U.S. state and, in some cases, portions of adjoining states.
A state-owned enterprise (SOE) is a business enterprise where the state has significant control through full, majority, or significant minority ownership.
Austria is a federal republic made up of nine states, known in German as Länder.
Streaming media is multimedia that is constantly received by and presented to an end-user while being delivered by a provider.
Sveriges Radio AB ("Swedish Radio") is Sweden's national publicly funded radio broadcaster.
SVT is the Swedish national public TV broadcaster, funded by a television licence fee payable by all owners of television sets, and set by the Riksdag.
Sveriges Utbildningsradio or Utbildningsradion (UR) — the Swedish Educational Broadcasting Company — is a public-service corporation dedicated to serving the needs of the Swedish general public by providing educational programming on radio and television.
Uutiset is a news programme from Sveriges Television.
Swedish is a North Germanic language spoken natively by 9.6 million people, predominantly in Sweden (as the sole official language), and in parts of Finland, where it has equal legal standing with Finnish.
The Société de télédiffusion du Québec (Quebec Television Broadcasting Corporation), branded as Télé-Québec, is a Canadian French language public educational television network in the province of Quebec.
TDM - Teledifusão de Macau, S. A. (TDM), provides public broadcasting services in Macau, China.
Teleradio-Moldova is the state-owned national radio-TV broadcaster.
Telesur (stylised as teleSUR) is a multi-state funded, Latin American terrestrial and satellite television network headquartered in Caracas, Venezuela.
Televisão Independente (TVI) ("Independent Television") is Portugal's fourth terrestrial television channel, launched in 1993.
Televisió de Catalunya (known by the acronym TVC) is the public broadcasting network of Catalonia, one of the seventeen autonomous communities of Spain.
Televisión de Galicia (Television of Galicia; abbreviated as TVG), commonly known as A Galega (The Galician), is the primary television channel of Galician public broadcaster Corporación de Radio Televisión de Galicia (CRTVG).
Televisión Pública Argentina (Argentine Public Television) is a publicly owned Argentine television network. It began broadcasting in 1951, when LR3 Radio Belgrano Television channel 7 in Buenos Aires, its key station and the first television station in the country, signed on the air.
A television licence or broadcast receiving licence is a payment required in many countries for the reception of television broadcasts, or the possession of a television set where some broadcasts are funded in full or in part by the licence fee paid.
Television Malta (Televixin Malta; TVM) is a terrestrial television network in Malta operated by the national broadcaster, Public Broadcasting Services.
Television New Zealand (Te Reo Tātaki o Aotearoa), more commonly referred to as TVNZ, is a state-owned television network that is broadcast throughout New Zealand and parts of the Pacific region.
Telewizja Polska S.A. (TVP S.A., or Polish Television) is a public broadcasting corporation, the only public TV broadcaster in the territory of the Republic of Poland.
Terrace is a city on the Skeena River in British Columbia, Canada.
TF1 (té effe un) is a private national French TV channel, controlled by TF1 Group, whose major share-holder is Bouygues.
Télévision française de l'Ontario (TFO) is a Canadian publicly funded French language educational television channel and media organization serving the province of Ontario.
TG4 (TG Ceathair; or) is an Irish public service broadcaster for Irish-language speakers.
The Christian Science Monitor (CSM) is a nonprofit news organization that publishes daily articles in electronic format as well as a weekly print edition.
The Heritage Foundation (abbreviated to Heritage) is an American conservative public policy think tank based in Washington, D.C. The foundation took a leading role in the conservative movement during the presidency of Ronald Reagan, whose policies were taken from Heritage's policy study Mandate for Leadership.
The Hollywood Reporter (THR) is a multi-platform American digital and print magazine founded in 1930 and focusing on the Hollywood film industry, television, and entertainment industries, as well as Hollywood's intersection with fashion, finance, law, technology, lifestyle, and politics.
The Review of Economic Studies (also known as RESTUD) is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal covering economics.
The Third Programme (Τρίτο Πρόγραμμα, Trito Programma) is the third public radio station of Greece's state broadcaster, ERT.
The Free State of Thuringia (Freistaat Thüringen) is a federal state in central Germany.
Radio Ireland Ltd, trading as 100-102 Today FM, is a commercial FM radio station which is available nationally in Ireland.
Toronto is the capital city of the province of Ontario and the largest city in Canada by population, with 2,731,571 residents in 2016.
TV 2 is a government-owned subscription television station in Denmark based in Odense, Funen.
TV Brasil is a Brazilian public television network owned by Empresa Brasil de Comunicação.
TV Cultura (Portuguese: Culture TV), or simply Cultura, is a free Brazilian television network headquartered in São Paulo and a part of Fundação Padre Anchieta.
TV Moldova Internațional was the international second TV channel operated by the national public broadcaster, TeleRadio-Moldova.
TV1 is a Malaysian public, free-to-air television channel owned and operated by Radio Televisyen Malaysia.
TV2 is a free-to-air Malaysian television channel owned and operated by the Radio Television Malaysia, a division of the Malaysian Government.
TV3 is a commercial free-to-air television channel operated within Ireland by the TV3 Group operated by Virgin Media Ireland and owned by Liberty Global.
RTM TVi, stylised as tvi, was a digital television station in Malaysia owned and operated by Radio Television Malaysia.
TVM2 (sometimes written as TVM 2) is a terrestrial television network in Malta, operated by national broadcaster Public Broadcasting Services.
TVOntario (often shortened to TVO and stylized on-air as tvo) is a Canadian publicly funded English language educational television station and media organization serving the Canadian province of Ontario.
TVP HD is a special High Definition version of the Polish public broadcasting channels (Telewizja Polska).
TVP Historia is a public, history channel available on cable, satellite and DSL, It was launched on May 2007.
TVP Info is a Polish news channel, run by the public broadcaster TVP.
TVP Kultura is the first TV theme channel to be run by the Polish public broadcaster TVP.
TVP Polonia (also known as TV Polonia, Telewizja Polonia or Telewizja Polska Polonia) is the international channel of the Telewizja Polska (TVP).
TVP Seriale is a public series channel available on cable, satellite and DSL, It was launched in December 2010.
TVP Sport is a Polish sport channel owned by TVP launched on 18 November 2006.
TVP1 (TVP Jeden, Program I Telewizji Polskiej, "Jedynka") is a television channel owned by TVP (Telewizja Polska S.A.), Poland's national public broadcaster.
TVP2 (TVP Dwa, Program II Telewizji Polskiej, "Dwójka") is a Polish public mainstream TV channel operated by TVP.
TVP3 (formerly TVP Regionalna, known also as Regionalna Trójka or Program 3 Telewizji Polskiej) is a Polish TV channel, run by the public broadcaster, TVP and dedicated to the country's regions.
TVR București is the state-owned regional TV station available in Muntenia, broadcasting since 19 March 2007.
TVR Cluj is public regional TV station available in Transylvania and Maramureş.
TVR Craiova is one of the six regional branches of the Societatea Românǎ de Televiziune (Romanian Television).
TVR HD is a high-definition version of the Romanian public broadcasting channel TVR.
TVR Iaşi is one of the six regional stations of TVR - the Romanian National Television Station.
TVR Tîrgu-Mureș is one of the six regional branches of the Societatea Românǎ de Televiziune (Romanian Public Television).
TVR Timișoara is one of the six regional branches of the Societatea Românǎ de Televiziune (Romanian Television Company).
TVR1 (spelled out as Televiziunea Românǎ 1, "Romanian Television 1") is the main channel of the Romanian public broadcaster TVR.
TVR2, Televiziunea Română 2 (TVR Doi,, translated: Romanian Television 2), is the second channel of the public broadcaster TVR.
TVR3 (TVR Trei) is the sixth channel of the Romanian public broadcaster, launched on 10 October 2008.
TVR Internațional (TVR International, abbreviated as TVRi) is the international channel of Televiziunea Română, Romania's government-funded television network.
The MPA Program at University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill is a full-time, two-year curriculum that serves up to 60 students annually.
An underwriting spot is an announcement made on public broadcasting outlets, especially in the United States, in exchange for funding.
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.
The Department of Defense (DoD, USDOD, or DOD) is an executive branch department of the federal government of the United States charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government concerned directly with national security and the United States Armed Forces.
The University of Houston (UH) is a state research university and the flagship institution of the University of Houston System.
The University of Missouri (also, Mizzou, or MU) is a public, land-grant research university in Columbia, Missouri.
Valparaíso is a major city, seaport, and educational center in the commune of Valparaíso, Chile.
Vancouver is a coastal seaport city in western Canada, located in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia.
The Vlaamse Radio- en Televisieomroeporganisatie (Flemish Radio and Television Broadcasting Organization), or VRT, is the national public-service broadcaster for the Flemish Region and Community of Belgium.
Voice of America (VOA) is a U.S. government-funded international radio broadcast source that serves as the United States federal government's official institution for non-military, external broadcasting.
Warner Media, LLC (formerly Time Warner Inc.), doing business as WarnerMedia, is an American multinational mass media and entertainment conglomerate headquartered in New York City and owned by AT&T.
Washington Week—previously Washington Week in Review—is an American public affairs television program, which has aired on PBS and its predecessor, National Educational Television, since 1967.
WBAI (99.5 MHz), is a non-commercial, listener-supported radio station licensed to New York City.
A weather radio is a specialized radio receiver that is designed to receive a public broadcast service, typically from government-owned radio stations, dedicated to airing weather reports on a continual basis, with the routine weather reports being interrupted by emergency weather reports whenever needed.
A webcast is a media presentation distributed over the Internet using streaming media technology to distribute a single content source to many simultaneous listeners/viewers.
Welsh (Cymraeg or y Gymraeg) is a member of the Brittonic branch of the Celtic languages.
Westdeutscher Rundfunk Köln (WDR, West German Broadcasting Cologne) is a German public-broadcasting institution based in the Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia with its main office in Cologne.
WFIU is a public radio FM station broadcasting from Indiana University in Bloomington, Indiana.
The WGBH Educational Foundation was established in 1951 in Boston, Massachusetts as an American nonprofit organization that oversees all of the PBS member stations licensed to the state of Massachusetts: the WGBH stations in Boston (WGBH-TV, the foundation's flagship property, and WGBX-TV) and WGBY-TV in Springfield.
Wireless Group Limited (formerly UTV Media) is a broadcasting and new media company based in Belfast in Northern Ireland.
Wisconsin Public Radio is a network of 34 public radio stations in the state of Wisconsin.
WNET, channel 13 (branded as THIRTEEN), is a non-commercial educational, public television station licensed to Newark, New Jersey and serving the New York metropolitan area.
World (previously PBS World) is a United States over-the-air digital subchannel showing public TV non-fiction, science, nature, news, public affairs and documentaries.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
WPFW, an FM station at 89.3 MHz, is the Washington, DC station owned by the Pacifica Foundation.
WWV is the call sign of the United States National Institute of Standards and Technology's (NIST) HF ("shortwave") radio station located near Fort Collins, Colorado.
WWVH is the callsign of the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology's shortwave radio time signal station in Kekaha, on the island of Kauai in the state of Hawaii.
Yleisradio Oy (Finnish), also known as Rundradion (Swedish) or the Finnish Broadcasting Company (English), abbreviated to Yle (pronounced /yle/; previously stylised as YLE before the 2012 corporate rebrand), is Finland's national public broadcasting company, founded in 1926.
Zweites Deutsches Fernsehen (Second German Television), usually shortened to ZDF, is a German public-service television broadcaster based in Mainz, Rhineland-Palatinate.
The Great Recession in Portugal led to the country being unable to repay or refinance its government debt without the assistance of third parties.
3sat is a public, advertising-free, German-language television network.
Government Radio, National broadcaster, Non-commercial radio, Pubcasting, Public Broadcasting, Public Radio, Public Service Broadcasting, Public Service broadcasting, Public TV, Public Television, Public broadcast, Public broadcaster, Public broadcasting in the United States, Public funded television, Public media, Public radio, Public radio station, Public service broadcaster, Public service broadcasting, Public service television, Public television, Public television broadcaster, Public television stations, Public-broadcasting, State channel, State television.