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Public domain

Index Public domain

The public domain consists of all the creative works to which no exclusive intellectual property rights apply. [1]

125 relations: Adaptation (arts), Alfred de Vigny, Anti-copyright notice, Archimedes, Arrangement, Aspirin, Bayer, Berlin, Berne Convention, Bible, Center for the Study of the Public Domain, Central Intelligence Agency, Civil law (legal system), Classical mechanics, Commons, Continental Europe, Copyfraud, Copyleft, Copyright, Copyright Act of 1976, Copyright Duration Directive, Copyright formalities, Copyright notice, Copyright status of work by the U.S. government, Copyright symbol, Copyright term, Copyright Term Extension Act, Creative Commons, Creative Commons license, Creative work, Crown copyright, Dennis Karjala, Divje Babe Flute, Duke University, Edgar Allan Poe, Edward Elgar Publishing, Eldred v. Ashcroft, Encryption, Europeana, Exclusive right, Fair dealing, Fair use, Film, Frances Hodgson Burnett, Free software, Freedom of panorama, Generic trademark, Great Ormond Street Hospital, Guido of Arezzo, H. G. Wells, ..., Heinz Heise, Hormel, Idea–expression divide, ImageJ, Intellectual property, Internet Archive, J. M. Barrie, James Boyle (academic), Jane Austen, King James Version, L.H.O.O.Q., Lawrence Lessig, Lewis Carroll, License, License compatibility, Limitations and exceptions to copyright, List of countries' copyright lengths, List of films in the public domain in the United States, Ludwig van Beethoven, Melville Nimmer, MetaFilter, Millar v Taylor, Moral rights, Music of Mesopotamia, Musical notation, Musopen, National Institutes of Health, Nimmer on Copyright, Open Knowledge International, Opposition to copyright, Orphan work, Pamela Samuelson, Patent, Permission culture, Peter and Wendy, Private property, Public Domain Day, Public Domain Enhancement Act, Public domain film, Public domain in the United States, Public Domain Mark, Public domain music, Public property, Public sphere, Public-domain software, Publici juris, Recipe, Reference implementation, Res communis, Res nullius, Res publica, Roman law, Romeo and Juliet, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead, Rule of the shorter term, Silent film, Software, Software license, Spam (food), Spamming, Statute of Anne, Symbol, The Secret Garden, The World Factbook, Tom Stoppard, Trademark, Translations, Treaty of Versailles, Troma Entertainment, Unlicense, Uruguay Round Agreements Act, Waiver, Wikimedia Commons, William Shakespeare, WTFPL. Expand index (75 more) »

Adaptation (arts)

An adaptation is a transfer of a work of art from one medium to another.

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Alfred de Vigny

Alfred Victor, Comte de Vigny (27 March 1797 – 17 September 1863) was a French poet and early leader of French Romanticism.

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Anti-copyright notice

An anti-copyright notice is a specific statement that is added to a work in order to encourage wide distribution.

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Archimedes of Syracuse (Ἀρχιμήδης) was a Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer.

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In music, an arrangement is a musical reconceptualization of a previously composed work.

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Aspirin, also known as acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), is a medication used to treat pain, fever, or inflammation.

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Bayer AG is a German multinational, pharmaceutical and life sciences company.

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Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states.

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Berne Convention

The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, usually known as the Berne Convention, is an international agreement governing copyright, which was first accepted in Berne, Switzerland, in 1886.

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The Bible (from Koine Greek τὰ βιβλία, tà biblía, "the books") is a collection of sacred texts or scriptures that Jews and Christians consider to be a product of divine inspiration and a record of the relationship between God and humans.

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Center for the Study of the Public Domain

The Center for the Study of the Public Domain, based at Duke Law School, aims to redress the balance of academic study of intellectual property.

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Central Intelligence Agency

The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the United States federal government, tasked with gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).

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Civil law (legal system)

Civil law, civilian law, or Roman law is a legal system originating in Europe, intellectualized within the framework of Roman law, the main feature of which is that its core principles are codified into a referable system which serves as the primary source of law.

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Classical mechanics

Classical mechanics describes the motion of macroscopic objects, from projectiles to parts of machinery, and astronomical objects, such as spacecraft, planets, stars and galaxies.

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The commons is the cultural and natural resources accessible to all members of a society, including natural materials such as air, water, and a habitable earth.

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Continental Europe

Continental or mainland Europe is the continuous continent of Europe excluding its surrounding islands.

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Copyfraud refers to false copyright claims by individuals or institutions with respect to content that is in the public domain.

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Copyleft (a play on the word copyright) is the practice of offering people the right to freely distribute copies and modified versions of a work with the stipulation that the same rights be preserved in derivative works down the line.

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Copyright is a legal right, existing globally in many countries, that basically grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights to determine and decide whether, and under what conditions, this original work may be used by others.

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Copyright Act of 1976

The Copyright Act of 1976 is a United States copyright law and remains the primary basis of copyright law in the United States, as amended by several later enacted copyright provisions.

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Copyright Duration Directive

Council Directive 93/98/EEC of 29 October 1993 harmonising the term of protection of copyright and certain related rights is a European Union directive in the field of copyright law, made under the internal market provisions of the Treaty of Rome.

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Copyright formalities

Copyright formalities are legal (generally statutory) requirements needed to obtain a copyright in a particular jurisdiction.

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Copyright notice

In United States copyright law, a copyright notice is a notice of statutorily prescribed form that informs users of the underlying claim to copyright ownership in a published work.

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Copyright status of work by the U.S. government

A work of the United States government, as defined by the United States copyright law, is "a work prepared by an officer or employee" of the federal government "as part of that person's official duties." "A 'work of the United States Government' is a work prepared by an officer or employee of the United States Government as part of that person’s official duties." In general, under section 105 of the Copyright Act, such works are not entitled to domestic copyright protection under U.S. law and are therefore in the public domain.

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Copyright symbol

The copyright symbol, or copyright sign, © (a circled capital letter C for copyright), is the symbol used in copyright notices for works other than sound recordings (which are indicated with the ℗ symbol).

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Copyright term

Copyright term is the length of time copyright subsists in a work before it passes into the public domain.

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Copyright Term Extension Act

The Copyright Term Extension Act (CTEA) of 1998 extended copyright terms in the United States.

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Creative Commons

Creative Commons (CC) is an American non-profit organization devoted to expanding the range of creative works available for others to build upon legally and to share.

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Creative Commons license

A Creative Commons (CC) license is one of several public copyright licenses that enable the free distribution of an otherwise copyrighted work.

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Creative work

A creative work is a manifestation of creative effort including fine artwork (sculpture, paintings, drawing, sketching, performance art), dance, writing (literature), filmmaking, and musical composition.

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Crown copyright

Crown copyright is a form of copyright claim used by the governments of a number of Commonwealth realms.

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Dennis Karjala

Dennis S. Karjala (December 19, 1939 – April 26, 2017) was an intellectual property law professor at Arizona State University.

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Divje Babe Flute

The Divje Babe Flute is a cave bear femur pierced by spaced holes that was found in 1995 at the Divje Babe archeological park located near Cerkno in northwestern Slovenia.

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Duke University

Duke University is a private, non-profit, research university located in Durham, North Carolina.

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Edgar Allan Poe

Edgar Allan Poe (born Edgar Poe; January 19, 1809 – October 7, 1849) was an American writer, editor, and literary critic.

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Edward Elgar Publishing

Edward Elgar Publishing is a global publisher of academic books, journals and online resources in the social sciences and law.

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Eldred v. Ashcroft

Eldred v. Ashcroft, (2003) was a decision by the Supreme Court of the United States upholding the constitutionality of the 1998 Sonny Bono Copyright Term Extension Act (CTEA).

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In cryptography, encryption is the process of encoding a message or information in such a way that only authorized parties can access it and those who are not authorized cannot.

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Europeana.eu is the EU digital platform for cultural heritage.

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Exclusive right

In Anglo-Saxon law, an exclusive right, or exclusivity, is a de facto, non-tangible prerogative existing in law (that is, the power or, in a wider sense, right) to perform an action or acquire a benefit and to permit or deny others the right to perform the same action or to acquire the same benefit.

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Fair dealing

Fair dealing is a limitation and exception to the exclusive right granted by copyright law to the author of a creative work.

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Fair use

Fair use is a doctrine in the law of the United States that permits limited use of copyrighted material without having to first acquire permission from the copyright holder.

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A film, also called a movie, motion picture, moving pícture, theatrical film, or photoplay, is a series of still images that, when shown on a screen, create the illusion of moving images.

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Frances Hodgson Burnett

Frances Eliza Hodgson Burnett (24 November 1849 – 29 October 1924) was a British novelist and playwright.

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Free software

Free software or libre software is computer software distributed under terms that allow users to run the software for any purpose as well as to study, change, and distribute it and any adapted versions.

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Freedom of panorama

Freedom of panorama (FOP) is a provision in the copyright laws of various jurisdictions that permits taking photographs and video footage and creating other images (such as paintings) of buildings and sometimes sculptures and other art works which are permanently located in a public place, without infringing on any copyright that may otherwise subsist in such works, and the publishing of such images.

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Generic trademark

A generic trademark, also known as a genericized trademark or proprietary eponym, is a trademark or brand name that, due to its popularity or significance, has become the generic name for, or synonymous with, a general class of product or service, usually against the intentions of the trademark's holder.

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Great Ormond Street Hospital

Great Ormond Street Hospital (informally GOSH or Great Ormond Street, formerly the Hospital for Sick Children) is a children's hospital located in the Bloomsbury area of the London Borough of Camden, and a part of Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust.

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Guido of Arezzo

Guido of Arezzo (also Guido Aretinus, Guido Aretino, Guido da Arezzo, Guido Monaco, or Guido d'Arezzo, or Guy of Arezzo also Guy d'Arezzo) (991/992 – after 1033) was an Italian music theorist of the Medieval era.

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H. G. Wells

Herbert George Wells.

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Heinz Heise

Heinz Heise is a publishing house based in Hanover, Germany.

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Hormel Foods Corporation is an American meat-based food products company based in Austin, Minnesota.

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Idea–expression divide

The idea–expression divide or idea–expression dichotomy limits the scope of copyright protection by differentiating an idea from the expression or manifestation of that idea.

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ImageJ is a public domain, Java-based image processing program developed at the National Institutes of Health.

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Intellectual property

Intellectual property (IP) is a category of property that includes intangible creations of the human intellect, and primarily encompasses copyrights, patents, and trademarks.

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Internet Archive

The Internet Archive is a San Francisco–based nonprofit digital library with the stated mission of "universal access to all knowledge." It provides free public access to collections of digitized materials, including websites, software applications/games, music, movies/videos, moving images, and nearly three million public-domain books.

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J. M. Barrie

Sir James Matthew Barrie, 1st Baronet, (9 May 1860 19 June 1937) was a Scottish novelist and playwright, best remembered today as the creator of Peter Pan.

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James Boyle (academic)

James Boyle (born 1959) is a Scottish intellectual property scholar who is the William Neal Reynolds Professor of Law and co-founder of the Center for the Study of the Public Domain at Duke University School of Law in Durham, North Carolina.

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Jane Austen

Jane Austen (16 December 1775 – 18 July 1817) was an English novelist known primarily for her six major novels, which interpret, critique and comment upon the British landed gentry at the end of the 18th century.

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King James Version

The King James Version (KJV), also known as the King James Bible (KJB) or simply the Version (AV), is an English translation of the Christian Bible for the Church of England, begun in 1604 and completed in 1611.

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L.H.O.O.Q. is a work of art by Marcel Duchamp.

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Lawrence Lessig

Lester Lawrence "Larry" Lessig III (born June 3, 1961) is an American academic, attorney, and political activist.

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Lewis Carroll

Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (27 January 1832 – 14 January 1898), better known by his pen name Lewis Carroll, was an English writer, mathematician, logician, Anglican deacon, and photographer.

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A license (American English) or licence (British English) is an official permission or permit to do, use, or own something (as well as the document of that permission or permit).

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License compatibility

License compatibility is a legal framework that allows for pieces of software with different software licenses to be distributed together.

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Limitations and exceptions to copyright

Limitations and exceptions to copyright are provisions, in local copyright law or Berne Convention, which allow for copyrighted works to be used without a license from the copyright owner.

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List of countries' copyright lengths

Copyright is the right to copy and publish a particular work.

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List of films in the public domain in the United States

This is a non-definitive list of films in the public domain in the United States.

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Ludwig van Beethoven

Ludwig van Beethoven (baptised 17 December 1770Beethoven was baptised on 17 December. His date of birth was often given as 16 December and his family and associates celebrated his birthday on that date, and most scholars accept that he was born on 16 December; however there is no documentary record of his birth.26 March 1827) was a German composer and pianist.

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Melville Nimmer

Melville Bernard Nimmer (June 6, 1923 – November 23, 1985) was an American lawyer and law professor, renowned as an expert in freedom of speech and United States copyright law.

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MetaFilter, known as MeFi to its members, is a general-interest community weblog, founded in 1999 and based in the United States, featuring links to content that users have discovered on the web.

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Millar v Taylor

Millar v Taylor (1769) 4 Burr.

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Moral rights

Moral rights are rights of creators of copyrighted works generally recognized in civil law jurisdictions and, to a lesser extent, in some common law jurisdictions.

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Music of Mesopotamia

This article treats the music of Ancient Mesopotamia.

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Musical notation

Music notation or musical notation is any system used to visually represent aurally perceived music played with instruments or sung by the human voice through the use of written, printed, or otherwise-produced symbols.

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Musopen Inc.

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National Institutes of Health

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is the primary agency of the United States government responsible for biomedical and public health research, founded in the late 1870s.

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Nimmer on Copyright

Nimmer on Copyright is a multi-volume legal treatise on United States copyright law that is widely cited in American courts, and has been influential for decades as the leading secondary source on American copyright law.

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Open Knowledge International

Open Knowledge International (OKI) (known as the Open Knowledge Foundation (OKF) until April 2014, then Open Knowledge until May 2016) is a global non-profit network that promotes and shares information at no charge, including both content and data.

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Opposition to copyright

Opposition to copyright or anti-copyright refers to a movement dissenting the nature of current copyright law, often focusing on perceived negative philosophical, economical or social effects of such laws.

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Orphan work

An orphan work is a copyright protected work for which rightsholders are positively indeterminate or uncontactable.

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Pamela Samuelson

Pamela Samuelson is the Richard M. Sherman '74 Distinguished Professor of Law and Information Management at the University of California, Berkeley with a joint appointment in the UC Berkeley School of Information and Boalt Hall, the School of Law.

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A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state or intergovernmental organization to an inventor or assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for detailed public disclosure of an invention.

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Permission culture

Permission culture is a term often employed by Lawrence Lessig and other copyright activists such as Luis Villa and Nina Paley to describe a society in which copyright restrictions are pervasive and enforced to the extent that any and all uses of copyrighted works need to be explicitly leased.

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Peter and Wendy

Peter Pan; or, the Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up or Peter and Wendy is J. M. Barrie's most famous work, in the form of a 1904 play and a 1911 novel.

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Private property

Private property is a legal designation for the ownership of property by non-governmental legal entities.

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Public Domain Day

Public Domain Day is an observance of when copyrights expire and works enter into the public domain.

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Public Domain Enhancement Act

The Public Domain Enhancement Act (PDEA) ((108th Congress), (109th Congress)) was a bill in the United States Congress which, if passed, would have added a tax for copyrighted works to retain their copyright status.

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Public domain film

Many films have been released to the public domain intentionally by the film's author, or because the copyright has expired.

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Public domain in the United States

Works are in the public domain if they are not covered by intellectual property rights, such as copyright, at all, or if the intellectual property rights to the works has expired.

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Public Domain Mark

Public Domain Mark (PDM) is a symbol used to indicate that a work is free of known copyright restrictions and therefore in the public domain.

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Public domain music

Music is considered to be in the public domain if it meets any of the following criteria.

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Public property

Public property is property that is dedicated to public use and is a subset of state property.

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Public sphere

The public sphere (German Öffentlichkeit) is an area in social life where individuals can come together to freely discuss and identify societal problems, and through that discussion influence political action.

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Public-domain software

Public-domain software is software that has been placed in the public domain: in other words, there is absolutely no ownership such as copyright, trademark, or patent.

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Publici juris

Publici juris is a legal Latin term, approximately translating to English as "of public right".

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A recipe is a set of instructions that describes how to prepare or make something, especially a culinary dish.

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Reference implementation

In the software development process, a reference implementation (or, less frequently, sample implementation or model implementation) is the standard from which all other implementations and corresponding customizations are derived.

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Res communis

Res communis is a Latin term derived from Roman law that preceded today’s concepts of the commons and common heritage of mankind.

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Res nullius

Res nullius (lit: nobody's thing) is a Latin term derived from private Roman law whereby res (an object in the legal sense, anything that can be owned, even a slave, but not a subject in law such as a citizen nor land) is not yet the object of rights of any specific subject.

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Res publica

Res publica is a Latin phrase, loosely meaning 'public affair'.

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Roman law

Roman law is the legal system of ancient Rome, including the legal developments spanning over a thousand years of jurisprudence, from the Twelve Tables (c. 449 BC), to the Corpus Juris Civilis (AD 529) ordered by Eastern Roman Emperor Justinian I. Roman law forms the basic framework for civil law, the most widely used legal system today, and the terms are sometimes used synonymously.

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Romeo and Juliet

Romeo and Juliet is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare early in his career about two young star-crossed lovers whose deaths ultimately reconcile their feuding families.

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Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead

Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead, often referred to as just Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, is an absurdist, existential tragicomedy by Tom Stoppard, first staged at the Edinburgh Festival Fringe in 1966.

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Rule of the shorter term

The rule of the shorter term, also called the comparison of terms, is a provision in international copyright treaties.

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Silent film

A silent film is a film with no synchronized recorded sound (and in particular, no spoken dialogue).

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Computer software, or simply software, is a generic term that refers to a collection of data or computer instructions that tell the computer how to work, in contrast to the physical hardware from which the system is built, that actually performs the work.

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Software license

A software license is a legal instrument (usually by way of contract law, with or without printed material) governing the use or redistribution of software.

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Spam (food)

Spam (stylized SPAM) is a brand of canned cooked meat made by Hormel Foods Corporation.

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Electronic spamming is the use of electronic messaging systems to send an unsolicited message (spam), especially advertising, as well as sending messages repeatedly on the same site.

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Statute of Anne

The Statute of Anne, also known as the Copyright Act 1710 (cited either as 8 Ann. c. 21 or as 8 Ann. c. 19), is an act of the Parliament of Great Britain passed in 1710, which was the first statute to provide for copyright regulated by the government and courts, rather than by private parties.

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A symbol is a mark, sign or word that indicates, signifies, or is understood as representing an idea, object, or relationship.

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The Secret Garden

The Secret Garden is a children's novel by Frances Hodgson Burnett first published as a book in 1911, after a version was published as an American magazine serial beginning in 1910.

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The World Factbook

The World Factbook, also known as the CIA World Factbook, is a reference resource produced by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) with almanac-style information about the countries of the world.

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Tom Stoppard

Sir Tom Stoppard (born Tomáš Straussler; 3 July 1937) is a Czech-born British playwright and screenwriter.

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A trademark, trade mark, or trade-markThe styling of trademark as a single word is predominantly used in the United States and Philippines only, while the two-word styling trade mark is used in many other countries around the world, including the European Union and Commonwealth and ex-Commonwealth jurisdictions (although Canada officially uses "trade-mark" pursuant to the Trade-mark Act, "trade mark" and "trademark" are also commonly used).

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Translations is a three-act play by Irish playwright Brian Friel, written in 1980.

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Treaty of Versailles

The Treaty of Versailles (Traité de Versailles) was the most important of the peace treaties that brought World War I to an end.

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Troma Entertainment

Troma Entertainment is an American independent film production and distribution company founded by Lloyd Kaufman and Michael Herz in 1974.

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The Unlicense is a public domain equivalent license with a focus on an anti-copyright message.

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Uruguay Round Agreements Act

The Uruguay Round Agreements Act (URAA) is an Act of Congress in the United States that implemented in U.S. law the Marrakesh Agreement of 1994.

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A waiver is the voluntary relinquishment or surrender of some known right or privilege.

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Wikimedia Commons

Wikimedia Commons (or simply Commons) is an online repository of free-use images, sounds, and other media files.

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William Shakespeare

William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.

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The WTFPL (Do What the Fuck You Want To Public License) is a permissive license most commonly used as a free software license.

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Redirects here:

All rights waived, British public domain, Copyright free, Copyright-free, Creative Commons Public Domain License, Dominio público, List of authors whose works are in the public domain, No rights reserved, Out of copyright, Public Domain, Public Domain Calculator, Public Domain Resource, Public Domain Resources, Public Domaine, Public domain images, Public domain resource, Public domain resources, Public domains, Public-domain.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_domain

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