96 relations: Advertising, Agenda-setting theory, Alexander Deichsel, American Association for Public Opinion Research, American Journal of Sociology, An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, Antoine François Prévost, Arthur's, Attitude (psychology), Behavioural genetics, Bible, Blaise Pascal, Boodle's, Brooks's, Charles II of England, City of London, Civil law (legal system), Coffeehouse, Collective behavior, Communication studies, Concept, Court of public opinion, Decision-making, Divine law, Economics, Edward Bernays, European Society for Opinion and Marketing Research, Ferdinand Tönnies, Foreign policy, Framing (social sciences), French language, Gabriel Tarde, Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft, Gentlemen's club, George Canning, Herbert Blumer, Heuristic, Jürgen Habermas, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Jeremy Bentham, John Dryden, John Locke, Joseph Addison, Julie, or the New Heloise, Lars Clausen, Liberal democracy, Liverpool, Lloyd's Coffee House, Lloyd's of London, Mass media, ..., Michel de Montaigne, Monism, Opinion, Opinion poll, Personality, Pluralism (philosophy), Political journalism, Political science, Political socialization, Political sociology, Propaganda, Public figure, Public library, Public relations, Public sphere, Reformation, Religion, Reputation, Roper Center for Public Opinion Research, Scientific method, Sir William Temple, 1st Baronet, Social contract, Social desirability bias, Social influence, Social network, Social psychology, Sociology, Stockjobber, Structural functionalism, Survey sampling, Television, The London Gazette, The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere, Tory, Truth, University of Chicago Press, Urbanization, Utilitarianism, Walter Lippmann, West End of London, Whigs (British political party), White's, Will's Coffee House, William Shakespeare, Wit, World Association for Public Opinion Research. Expand index (46 more) » « Shrink index
Advertising is an audio or visual form of marketing communication that employs an openly sponsored, non-personal message to promote or sell a product, service or idea.
Agenda-setting theory describes the "ability to influence the importance placed on the topics of the public agenda".
Alexander Deichsel (born 23 February 1935) is a German sociologist and professor at the University of Hamburg (Germany).
The American Association for Public Opinion Research (AAPOR) is a professional organization of more than 2,000 public opinion and survey research professionals in the United States and from around the world, with members from academia, media, government, the non-profit sector and private industry.
Established in 1895 as the first US scholarly journal in its field, American Journal of Sociology (AJS) presents pathbreaking work from all areas of sociology, with an emphasis on theory building and innovative methods.
An Essay Concerning Human Understanding is a work by John Locke concerning the foundation of human knowledge and understanding.
Antoine François Prévost d'Exiles (1 April 169725 November 1763), usually known simply as the Abbé Prévost, was a French author and novelist.
Arthur's was a London gentlemen's club, now dissolved, which was established in 1811 and was disbanded in 1940.
In psychology, attitude is a psychological construct, a mental and emotional entity that inheres in, or characterizes a person.
Behavioural genetics also referred to as behaviour genetics, is a field of scientific research that uses genetic methods to investigate the nature and origins of individual differences in behaviour.
The Bible (from Koine Greek τὰ βιβλία, tà biblía, "the books") is a collection of sacred texts or scriptures that Jews and Christians consider to be a product of divine inspiration and a record of the relationship between God and humans.
Blaise Pascal (19 June 1623 – 19 August 1662) was a French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and Catholic theologian.
Boodle's is a London gentlemen's club, founded in January 1762, at No.
Brooks's is a gentlemen's club in St James's Street, London.
Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was king of England, Scotland and Ireland.
The City of London is a city and county that contains the historic centre and the primary central business district (CBD) of London.
Civil law, civilian law, or Roman law is a legal system originating in Europe, intellectualized within the framework of Roman law, the main feature of which is that its core principles are codified into a referable system which serves as the primary source of law.
A coffeehouse, coffee shop or café (sometimes spelt cafe) is an establishment which primarily serves hot coffee, related coffee beverages (café latte, cappuccino, espresso), tea, and other hot beverages.
The expression collective behavior was first used by Franklin Henry Giddings (1908) and employed later by Robert E. Park (1921), Herbert Blumer (1939), Ralph Turner and Lewis Killian (1957), and Neil Smelser (1962) to refer to social processes and events which do not reflect existing social structure (laws, conventions, and institutions), but which emerge in a "spontaneous" way.
Communication studies or communication sciences is an academic discipline that deals with processes of human communication.
Concepts are mental representations, abstract objects or abilities that make up the fundamental building blocks of thoughts and beliefs.
Trying cases in the court of public opinion refers to using the news media to influence public support for one side or the other in a court case.
In psychology, decision-making (also spelled decision making and decisionmaking) is regarded as the cognitive process resulting in the selection of a belief or a course of action among several alternative possibilities.
Divine law is any law that is understood as deriving from a transcendent source, such as the will of God or gods, in contrast to man-made law.
Economics is the social science that studies the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.
Edward Louis Bernays (November 22, 1891 − March 9, 1995) was an Austrian-American pioneer in the field of public relations and propaganda, referred to in his obituary as "the father of public relations".
ESOMAR (formerly known as The European Society for Opinion and Market Research) is a membership organization representing the interests of the data, research and insights profession at an international level.
Ferdinand Tönnies (26 July 1855 – 9 April 1936) was a German sociologist and philosopher.
A country's foreign policy, also called foreign relations or foreign affairs policy, consists of self-interest strategies chosen by the state to safeguard its national interests and to achieve goals within its international relations milieu.
In the social sciences, framing comprises a set of concepts and theoretical perspectives on how individuals, groups, and societies, organize, perceive, and communicate about reality.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
Gabriel Tarde (in full Jean-Gabriel De Tarde; 12 March 1843 – 13 May 1904) was a French sociologist, criminologist and social psychologist who conceived sociology as based on small psychological interactions among individuals (much as if it were chemistry), the fundamental forces being imitation and innovation.
Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft, generally translated as "community and society", are categories which were used by the German sociologist Ferdinand Tönnies in order to categorize social ties into two dichotomous sociological types which define each other.
A gentlemen's club, or formerly traditional gentlemen's club, is a members-only private club originally set up by and for British upper-class men in the 18th century, and popularised by English upper middle-class men and women in the late 19th century and early 20th century.
George Canning (11 April 17708 August 1827) was a British statesman and Tory politician who served in various senior cabinet positions under numerous Prime Ministers, before himself serving as Prime Minister for the final four months of his life.
Herbert George Blumer (March 7, 1900 – April 13, 1987) was an American sociologist whose main scholarly interests were symbolic interactionism and methods of social research.
A heuristic technique (εὑρίσκω, "find" or "discover"), often called simply a heuristic, is any approach to problem solving, learning, or discovery that employs a practical method, not guaranteed to be optimal, perfect, logical, or rational, but instead sufficient for reaching an immediate goal.
Jürgen Habermas (born 18 June 1929) is a German sociologist and philosopher in the tradition of critical theory and pragmatism.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau (28 June 1712 – 2 July 1778) was a Genevan philosopher, writer and composer.
Jeremy Bentham (15 February 1748 – 6 June 1832) was an English philosopher, jurist, and social reformer regarded as the founder of modern utilitarianism.
John Dryden (–) was an English poet, literary critic, translator, and playwright who was made England's first Poet Laureate in 1668.
John Locke (29 August 1632 – 28 October 1704) was an English philosopher and physician, widely regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers and commonly known as the "Father of Liberalism".
Joseph Addison (1 May 1672 – 17 June 1719) was an English essayist, poet, playwright, and politician.
Julie, or the New Heloise (Julie, ou la nouvelle Héloïse) is an epistolary novel by Jean-Jacques Rousseau, published in 1761 by Marc-Michel Rey in Amsterdam.
Lars Michael Clausen (8 April 1935, Berlin – 20 May 2010, Hamburg) was a German sociologist and professor at the University of Kiel.
Liberal democracy is a liberal political ideology and a form of government in which representative democracy operates under the principles of classical liberalism.
Liverpool is a city in North West England, with an estimated population of 491,500 in 2017.
A 19th-century drawing of Lloyd's Coffee House Lloyd's Coffee House was a significant meeting place in London in the 17th and 18th centuries.
Lloyd's of London, generally known simply as Lloyd's, is an insurance market located in London, United Kingdom.
The mass media is a diversified collection of media technologies that reach a large audience via mass communication.
Michel Eyquem de Montaigne, Lord of Montaigne (28 February 1533 – 13 September 1592) was one of the most significant philosophers of the French Renaissance, known for popularizing the essay as a literary genre.
Monism attributes oneness or singleness (Greek: μόνος) to a concept e.g., existence.
An opinion is a judgment, viewpoint, or statement that is not conclusive.
An opinion poll, often simply referred to as a poll or a survey, is a human research survey of public opinion from a particular sample.
Personality is defined as the set of habitual behaviors, cognitions and emotional patterns that evolve from biological and environmental factors.
Pluralism is a term used in philosophy, meaning "doctrine of multiplicity", often used in opposition to monism ("doctrine of unity") and dualism ("doctrine of duality").
Political journalism is a broad branch of journalism that includes coverage of all aspects of politics and political science, although the term usually refers specifically to coverage of civil governments and political power.
Political science is a social science which deals with systems of governance, and the analysis of political activities, political thoughts, and political behavior.
Political socialization is the "process by which individuals learn and frequently internalize a political lens framing their perceptions of how power is arranged and how the world around them is (and should be) organized; those perceptions, in turn, shape and define individuals' definitions of who they are and how they should behave in the political and economic institutions in which they live." Political socialization also encompasses the way in which people acquire values and opinions that shape their political stance and ideology: it is a "study of the developmental processes by which people of all ages and adolescents acquire political cognition, attitudes, and behaviors." It refers to a learning process by which norms and behaviors acceptable to a well running political system are transmitted from one generation to another.
Political sociology is concerned with the sociological analysis of political phenomena ranging from the State, to civil society, to the family, investigating topics such as citizenship, social movements, and the sources of social power.
Propaganda is information that is not objective and is used primarily to influence an audience and further an agenda, often by presenting facts selectively to encourage a particular synthesis or perception, or using loaded language to produce an emotional rather than a rational response to the information that is presented.
A public figure is a person such as a politician, celebrity, or business leader, who has a certain social position within a certain scope and a significant influence and so is often widely concerned by the public, can benefit enormously from society, and is closely related to public interests in society.
A public library is a library that is accessible by the general public and is generally funded from public sources, such as taxes.
Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing the spread of information between an individual or an organization (such as a business, government agency, or a nonprofit organization) and the public.
The public sphere (German Öffentlichkeit) is an area in social life where individuals can come together to freely discuss and identify societal problems, and through that discussion influence political action.
The Reformation (or, more fully, the Protestant Reformation; also, the European Reformation) was a schism in Western Christianity initiated by Martin Luther and continued by Huldrych Zwingli, John Calvin and other Protestant Reformers in 16th century Europe.
Religion may be defined as a cultural system of designated behaviors and practices, world views, texts, sanctified places, prophecies, ethics, or organizations, that relates humanity to supernatural, transcendental, or spiritual elements.
Reputation or image of a social entity (a person, a social group, or an organization) is an opinion about that entity, typically as a result of social evaluation on a set of criteria.
The Roper Center for Public Opinion Research at Cornell University is one of the world’s leading archives of social science data, specializing in data from public opinion surveys.
Scientific method is an empirical method of knowledge acquisition, which has characterized the development of natural science since at least the 17th century, involving careful observation, which includes rigorous skepticism about what one observes, given that cognitive assumptions about how the world works influence how one interprets a percept; formulating hypotheses, via induction, based on such observations; experimental testing and measurement of deductions drawn from the hypotheses; and refinement (or elimination) of the hypotheses based on the experimental findings.
Sir William Temple, 1st Baronet (25 April 1628 – 27 January 1699) was an English statesman and essayist.
In both moral and political philosophy, the social contract is a theory or model that originated during the Age of Enlightenment.
In social science research, social desirability bias is a type of response bias that is the tendency of survey respondents to answer questions in a manner that will be viewed favorably by others.
Social influence occurs when a person's emotions, opinions, or behaviors are affected by others.
A social network is a social structure made up of a set of social actors (such as individuals or organizations), sets of dyadic ties, and other social interactions between actors.
Social psychology is the study of how people's thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are influenced by the actual, imagined, or implied presence of others.
Sociology is the scientific study of society, patterns of social relationships, social interaction, and culture.
Stockjobbers were institutions that acted as market makers in the London Stock Exchange.
Structural functionalism, or simply functionalism, is "a framework for building theory that sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability".
In statistics, survey sampling describes the process of selecting a sample of elements from a target population to conduct a survey.
Television (TV) is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome (black and white), or in colour, and in two or three dimensions and sound.
The London Gazette is one of the official journals of record of the British government, and the most important among such official journals in the United Kingdom, in which certain statutory notices are required to be published.
The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere: An Inquiry into a Category of Bourgeois Society (Strukturwandel der Öffentlichkeit.) is a 1962 book by Jürgen Habermas.
A Tory is a person who holds a political philosophy, known as Toryism, based on a British version of traditionalism and conservatism, which upholds the supremacy of social order as it has evolved throughout history.
Truth is most often used to mean being in accord with fact or reality, or fidelity to an original or standard.
The University of Chicago Press is the largest and one of the oldest university presses in the United States.
Urbanization refers to the population shift from rural to urban residency, the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas, and the ways in which each society adapts to this change.
Utilitarianism is an ethical theory that states that the best action is the one that maximizes utility.
Walter Lippmann (September 23, 1889 – December 14, 1974) was an American writer, reporter, and political commentator famous for being among the first to introduce the concept of Cold War, coining the term "stereotype" in the modern psychological meaning, and critiquing media and democracy in his newspaper column and several books, most notably his 1922 book Public Opinion.
The West End of London (commonly referred to as the West End) is an area of Central and West London in which many of the city's major tourist attractions, shops, businesses, government buildings and entertainment venues, including West End theatres, are concentrated.
The Whigs were a political faction and then a political party in the parliaments of England, Scotland, Great Britain, Ireland and the United Kingdom.
White's is a gentleman's club in St James's, London, regarded as one of the most exclusive of its kind.
Will's Coffee House was one of the foremost coffeehouses in England in the decades after the Restoration.
William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.
Wit is a form of intelligent humour, the ability to say or write things that are clever and usually funny.
The World Association for Public Opinion Research (WAPOR) is an international professional association of researchers in the fields of communication and survey research.