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Public space

Index Public space

A public space is a place that is generally open and accessible to people. [1]

86 relations: Advertising, Agora, Air rights, Baldwin Hills, Los Angeles, Beach, Begging, Business improvement district, Civil inattention, Coffeehouse, Common land, Community ownership, Critical theory, Cultural studies, Dress code, Enclosure, Expectation of privacy, First Amendment to the United States Constitution, Footpath, Forum (legal), Freedom of panorama, Freedom to roam, Gathering place, Geographer, Geography, Guerrilla gardening, Hall, Henri Lefebvre, History of public library advocacy, Indecent exposure, Jürgen Habermas, Local ordinance, London, Movie theater, New Deal, Oglethorpe Plan, Open Spaces Society, Park, Performativity, Philosophy, Photography, Principles of intelligent urbanism, Privacy, Privately owned public space, Privatization, Propaganda, Public art, Public display of affection, Public land, Public library, Public library advocacy, ..., Public nudity, Public sphere, Public transport, Public–private partnership, Railway platform, Real estate development, Rest area, Road, Roller skates, Savannah Historic District (Savannah, Georgia), Segway PT, Shared space, Shopping mall, Sidewalk, Skateboard, Skyway, Social constructionism, Social studies, Speakers' Corner, Street performance, Street photography, Supreme Court of Canada, Terrorism Act 2000, Third place, Ticket (admission), Toronto Public Space Committee, Town square, Trade, Train, Truck stop, University of Toronto Press, Urban design, Urban renewal, Village green, Visual arts, Waiting room. Expand index (36 more) »


Advertising is an audio or visual form of marketing communication that employs an openly sponsored, non-personal message to promote or sell a product, service or idea.

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The agora (ἀγορά agorá) was a central public space in ancient Greek city-states.

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Air rights

Air rights are the property interest in the "space" above the earth's surface.

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Baldwin Hills, Los Angeles

Baldwin Hills is a neighborhood in South Los Angeles, California.

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A beach is a landform alongside a body of water which consists of loose particles.

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Begging (also panhandling or mendicancy) is the practice of imploring others to grant a favor, often a gift of money, with little or no expectation of reciprocation.

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Business improvement district

A business improvement district (BID) is a defined area within which businesses are required to pay an additional tax (or levy) in order to fund projects within the district's boundaries.

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Civil inattention

Civil inattention is the process whereby strangers who are in close proximity demonstrate that they are aware of one another, without imposing on each other – a recognition of the claims of others to a public space, and of their own personal boundaries.

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A coffeehouse, coffee shop or café (sometimes spelt cafe) is an establishment which primarily serves hot coffee, related coffee beverages (café latte, cappuccino, espresso), tea, and other hot beverages.

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Common land

Common land is land owned collectively by a number of persons, or by one person, but over which other people have certain traditional rights, such as to allow their livestock to graze upon it, to collect wood, or to cut turf for fuel.

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Community ownership

Community owned assets or organisations are those that are owned and controlled through some representative mechanism that allows a community to influence their operation or use and to enjoy the benefits arising.

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Critical theory

Critical theory is a school of thought that stresses the reflective assessment and critique of society and culture by applying knowledge from the social sciences and the humanities.

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Cultural studies

Cultural studies is a field of theoretically, politically, and empirically engaged cultural analysis that concentrates upon the political dynamics of contemporary culture, its historical foundations, defining traits, conflicts, and contingencies.

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Dress code

A dress code is a set of written and, more often, unwritten rules with regard to clothing.

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Enclosure (sometimes inclosure) was the legal process in England of consolidating (enclosing) small landholdings into larger farms.

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Expectation of privacy

Expectation of privacy is a legal test which is crucial in defining the scope of the applicability of the privacy protections of the Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution.

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First Amendment to the United States Constitution

The First Amendment (Amendment I) to the United States Constitution prevents Congress from making any law respecting an establishment of religion, prohibiting the free exercise of religion, or abridging the freedom of speech, the freedom of the press, the right to peaceably assemble, or to petition for a governmental redress of grievances.

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A footpath (also pedestrian way, walking trail, nature trail) is a type of thoroughfare that is intended for use only by pedestrians and not other forms of traffic such as motorized vehicles, cycles, and horses.

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Forum (legal)

In United States constitutional law, a public forum is a property that is open to public expression and assembly.

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Freedom of panorama

Freedom of panorama (FOP) is a provision in the copyright laws of various jurisdictions that permits taking photographs and video footage and creating other images (such as paintings) of buildings and sometimes sculptures and other art works which are permanently located in a public place, without infringing on any copyright that may otherwise subsist in such works, and the publishing of such images.

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Freedom to roam

The freedom to roam, or "everyman's right", is the general public's right to access certain public or privately owned land for recreation and exercise.

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Gathering place

A gathering place is any place where people are able to congregate.

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A geographer is a scholar whose area of study is geography, the study of Earth's natural environment and human society.

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Geography (from Greek γεωγραφία, geographia, literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, the features, the inhabitants, and the phenomena of Earth.

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Guerrilla gardening

Guerrilla gardening is the act of gardening on land that the gardeners do not have the legal rights to cultivate, such as abandoned sites, areas that are not being cared for, or private property.

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In architecture, a hall is a relatively large space enclosed by a roof and walls.

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Henri Lefebvre

Henri Lefebvre (16 June 1901 – 29 June 1991) was a French Marxist philosopher and sociologist, best known for pioneering the critique of everyday life, for introducing the concepts of the right to the city and the production of social space, and for his work on dialectics, alienation, and criticism of Stalinism, existentialism, and structuralism.

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History of public library advocacy

Public libraries in the American Colonies can be traced back to 1656, when a Boston merchant named Captain Robert Keayne willed his collection of books to the town.

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Indecent exposure

Indecent exposure is the deliberate exposure in public or in view of the general public by a person of a portion or portions of his or her body, in circumstances where the exposure is contrary to local moral or other standards of appropriate behavior.

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Jürgen Habermas

Jürgen Habermas (born 18 June 1929) is a German sociologist and philosopher in the tradition of critical theory and pragmatism.

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Local ordinance

A local ordinance is a law usually found in a code of laws for a political division smaller than a state or nation, i.e., a local government such as a municipality, county, parish, prefecture, etc.

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London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.

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Movie theater

A movie theater/theatre (American English), cinema (British English) or cinema hall (Indian English) is a building that contains an auditorium for viewing films (also called movies) for entertainment.

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New Deal

The New Deal was a series of programs, public work projects, financial reforms and regulations enacted in the United States 1933-36, in response to the Great Depression.

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Oglethorpe Plan

James Edward Oglethorpe founded the Georgia Colony, and the town of Savannah, on February 12, 1733 (February 1, 1732 by the Julian calendar used in the British colonies until September 2, 1752).

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Open Spaces Society

The Open Spaces Society is a campaign group that works to protect public rights of way and open spaces in the United Kingdom, such as common land and village greens.

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A park is an area of natural, semi-natural or planted space set aside for human enjoyment and recreation or for the protection of wildlife or natural habitats.

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Performativity is language which effects change in the world and functions as a form of social action.

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Philosophy (from Greek φιλοσοφία, philosophia, literally "love of wisdom") is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.

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Photography is the science, art, application and practice of creating durable images by recording light or other electromagnetic radiation, either electronically by means of an image sensor, or chemically by means of a light-sensitive material such as photographic film.

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Principles of intelligent urbanism

Principles of intelligent urbanism (PIU) is a theory of urban planning composed of a set of ten axioms intended to guide the formulation of city plans and urban designs.

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Privacy is the ability of an individual or group to seclude themselves, or information about themselves, and thereby express themselves selectively.

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Privately owned public space

Privately owned public space (POPS), or alternatively, privately owned public open spaces (POPOS), are terms used to describe a type of public space that, although privately owned, is legally required to be open to the public under a city's zoning ordinance or other land-use law.

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Privatization (also spelled privatisation) is the purchase of all outstanding shares of a publicly traded company by private investors, or the sale of a state-owned enterprise to private investors.

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Propaganda is information that is not objective and is used primarily to influence an audience and further an agenda, often by presenting facts selectively to encourage a particular synthesis or perception, or using loaded language to produce an emotional rather than a rational response to the information that is presented.

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Public art

Public art is art in any media that has been planned and executed with the intention of being staged in the physical public domain, usually outside and accessible to all.

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Public display of affection

Public displays of affection (PDA) are acts of physical intimacy in the view of others.

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Public land

In all modern states, some land is held by central or local governments.

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Public library

A public library is a library that is accessible by the general public and is generally funded from public sources, such as taxes.

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Public library advocacy

Public library advocacy is support given to a public library for its financial and philosophical goals or needs.

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Public nudity

Public nudity refers to nudity not in an entirely private context, that is, a person appearing nude in a public place or being able to be seen nude from a public place.

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Public sphere

The public sphere (German Öffentlichkeit) is an area in social life where individuals can come together to freely discuss and identify societal problems, and through that discussion influence political action.

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Public transport

Public transport (also known as public transportation, public transit, or mass transit) is transport of passengers by group travel systems available for use by the general public, typically managed on a schedule, operated on established routes, and that charge a posted fee for each trip.

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Public–private partnership

A public–private partnership (PPP, 3P or P3) is a cooperative arrangement between two or more public and private sectors, typically of a long-term nature.

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Railway platform

A railway platform is an area – normally paved or otherwise prepared for pedestrian use, and often raised to a greater or lesser degree – provided alongside one or more of the tracks at a railway or metro station for use by passengers awaiting, boarding, or alighting from trains.

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Real estate development

Real estate development, or property development, is a business process, encompassing activities that range from the renovation and re-lease of existing buildings to the purchase of raw land and the sale of developed land or parcels to others.

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Rest area

A rest area is a public facility, located next to a large thoroughfare such as a highway, expressway, or freeway, at which drivers and passengers can rest, eat, or refuel without exiting onto secondary roads.

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A road is a thoroughfare, route, or way on land between two places that has been paved or otherwise improved to allow travel by foot or some form of conveyance, including a motor vehicle, cart, bicycle, or horse.

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Roller skates

Roller skates are shoes, or bindings that fit onto shoes, that are worn to enable the wearer to roll along on wheels.

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Savannah Historic District (Savannah, Georgia)

The Savannah Historic District is a large urban U.S. historic district that roughly corresponds to the city limits of Savannah, Georgia prior to the American Civil War.

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Segway PT

The Segway PT (originally Segway HT) is a two-wheeled, self-balancing personal transporter by Segway Inc. Invented by Dean Kamen and brought to market in 2001.

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Shared space

Shared space is an urban design approach that minimises the segregation between modes of road user.

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Shopping mall

A shopping mall is a modern, chiefly North American, term for a form of shopping precinct or shopping center, in which one or more buildings form a complex of shops representing merchandisers with interconnecting walkways that enable customers to walk from unit to unit.

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A sidewalk (American English) or pavement (British English), also known as a footpath or footway, is a path along the side of a road.

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A skateboard is a type of sports equipment used primarily for the sport of skateboarding.

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A skyway, skybridge, or skywalk is a type of pedway consisting of an enclosed or covered footbridge between two or more buildings in an urban area.

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Social constructionism

Social constructionism or the social construction of reality (also social concept) is a theory of knowledge in sociology and communication theory that examines the development of jointly constructed understandings of the world that form the basis for shared assumptions about reality.

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Social studies

In the United States education system, social studies is the integrated study of multiple fields of social science and the humanities, including history, geography, and political science.

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Speakers' Corner

A Speakers' Corner is an area where open-air public speaking, debate, and discussion are allowed.

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Street performance

Street performance or busking is the act of performing in public places for gratuities.

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Street photography

Street photography, also sometimes called candid photography, is photography conducted for art or enquiry that features unmediated chance encounters and random incidents within public places.

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Supreme Court of Canada

The Supreme Court of Canada (Cour suprême du Canada) is the highest court of Canada, the final court of appeals in the Canadian justice system.

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Terrorism Act 2000

The Terrorism Act 2000 (c.11) is the first of a number of general Terrorism Acts passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

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Third place

In community building, the third place is the social surroundings separate from the two usual social environments of home ("first place") and the workplace ("second place").

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Ticket (admission)

A ticket is a voucher that indicates that an individual is entitled to admission to an event or establishment such as a theatre, amusement park or tourist attraction, or has a right to travel on a vehicle, such as with an airline ticket, bus ticket or train ticket.

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Toronto Public Space Committee

The Toronto Public Space Committee (TPSC) is a volunteer-run, non-profit organization located in Toronto, Ontario, Canada that defends the city’s public space from corporate and private forces, including cars and outdoor advertising.

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Town square

A town square is an open public space commonly found in the heart of a traditional town used for community gatherings.

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Trade involves the transfer of goods or services from one person or entity to another, often in exchange for money.

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A train is a form of transport consisting of a series of connected vehicles that generally runs along a rail track to transport cargo or passengers.

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Truck stop

A truck stop, also known as a transport cafe in the United Kingdom and as a travel center by major chains in the United States, is a commercial facility which provides refuelling, rest (parking), and often ready-made food and other services to motorists and truck drivers.

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University of Toronto Press

The University of Toronto Press is a Canadian scholarly publisher and book distributor founded in 1901.

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Urban design

Urban design is the process of designing and shaping the physical features of cities, towns and villages.

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Urban renewal

Urban renewal (also called urban regeneration in the United Kingdom, urban renewal or urban redevelopment in the United States) is a program of land redevelopment in cities, often where there is urban decay.

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Village green

A village green is a common open area within a village or other settlement.

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Visual arts

The visual arts are art forms such as ceramics, drawing, painting, sculpture, printmaking, design, crafts, photography, video, filmmaking, and architecture.

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Waiting room

A waiting room or waiting hall is a building, or more commonly a part of a building or a room, where people sit or stand until the event or appointment which they are waiting for begins.

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In public, Public Space, Public area, Public distance, Public place, Public places, Public spaces, Public venue.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_space

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