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Pump organ

Index Pump organ

The pump organ, reed organ, harmonium, or melodeon is a type of free-reed organ that generates sound as air flows past a vibrating piece of thin metal in a frame. [1]

194 relations: A Day in the Life, A Single Man, Accordion, Aerodynamics, Ages Ago, Alban Berg, Alexander von Zemlinsky, Alexandre Debain, Alexandre Guilmant, All India Radio, Altenberg Lieder, Amplitude, Andolan (music), Anton Bruckner, Anton Haeckl, Antonín Dvořák, Ariadne auf Naxos, Arnold Schoenberg, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, Barcarolle in F major (Saint-Saëns), Beat (acoustics), Being for the Benefit of Mr. Kite!, Bellows, Bhajan, Bhakti Fest, Bhimsen Joshi, Blind Pilot, Blue Moves, Boston, Breakfast in America, Breakfast in America (song), Cabinetry, Camille Saint-Saëns, César Franck, Celesta, Cello, Chapel, Chapter 24, Chord organ, Christian Gottlieb Kratzenstein, Church (building), Clarinet, Claude Debussy, Combination tone, Concertina, Concord, New Hampshire, Consonance and dissonance, Coupling, Crisis? What Crisis?, Damping ratio, ..., Desertshore, Dholak, Displacement (vector), Don't Shoot Me I'm Only the Piano Player, Donovan, Double bass, Dwarkin, Dwijendranath Tagore, Dynamics (music), Edward Elgar, Electric organ, Electronic keyboard, Elton John, Enharmonic keyboard, Equal temperament, Estey Organ, Even in the Quietest Moments..., Exponential decay, Exponential growth, Fingering (music), Fool's Overture, Franz Liszt, Franz Schreker, Frederic Clay, Free reed aerophone, French horn, Fundamental frequency, Generalized keyboard, George Frederick McKay, Gioachino Rossini, Greg Weeks, Guitar Center, Gurdwara, Gustav Mahler, Hammond organ, Harmonic, Harmonica, Harp, Hello, Goodbye, Henri Letocart, Henry Ward Poole, Hermann von Helmholtz, Hin und zurück, Hindu, Hindu temple, Hohner, Hugo von Hofmannsthal, Inharmonicity, Jai Uttal, Johann Sebastian Bach, John Cameron (musician), John Lennon, John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, Just intonation, Khyal, Kirtan, Kolkata, Krishna Das (singer), Kronos Quartet, Louis Vierne, Lyric Symphony, Made in England (Elton John album), Maharashtra, Manual (music), Mark Twain, Martijn Padding, Mason & Hamlin, Mechanical resonance, Meend, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Milla Viljamaa, Modulation (music), Multimonica, Music of India, Music of Pakistan, Musical temperament, New-age music, Nico, Nonlinear system, Normal mode, Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, Open the Door (Roger Hodgson album), Orchestra, Organ (music), Organ stop, Organist, Overtone, Paul Hindemith, Pedal keyboard, Petite messe solennelle, Physharmonica, Piano, Pink Floyd, Pipe organ, Portative organ, Positive organ, Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune, Promenade (The Divine Comedy album), Pump organ, Pythagorean tuning, Qawwali, Reed (mouthpiece), Regal (instrument), Richard Strauss, Robert Holford Macdowall Bosanquet, Roger Hodgson, Rubber Soul, Sarangi, Self-oscillation, Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band, Shruti box, Sigfrid Karg-Elert, Sikh, Snatam Kaur, Society for Private Musical Performances, Sufism, Supertramp, Svara, Swarmandal, Symphony No. 7 (Bruckner), Symphony No. 8 (Mahler), Tabla, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, The Beatles, The Divine Comedy (band), The Hurdy Gurdy Man, The Marble Index, The Piper at the Gates of Dawn, Timo Alakotila, Tori Amos, Torsion (mechanics), Transverse wave, University of Copenhagen, Vidyadhar Oke, Viola, Violin, W. S. Gilbert, We Can Work It Out, William Bergsma, William Bolcom, Woodworm, Worcester, Massachusetts, Your Mother Should Know, 53 equal temperament. Expand index (144 more) »

A Day in the Life

"A Day in the Life" is a song by the English rock band the Beatles that was released as the final track of their 1967 album Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band.

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A Single Man

A Single Man is a 2009 American drama film based on the novel of the same name by Christopher Isherwood.

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Accordions (from 19th-century German Akkordeon, from Akkord—"musical chord, concord of sounds") are a family of box-shaped musical instruments of the bellows-driven free-reed aerophone type, colloquially referred to as a squeezebox.

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Aerodynamics, from Greek ἀήρ aer (air) + δυναμική (dynamics), is the study of the motion of air, particularly its interaction with a solid object, such as an airplane wing.

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Ages Ago

Ages Ago, sometimes stylised as Ages Ago! or Ages Ago!!, is a musical entertainment with a libretto by W. S. Gilbert and music by Frederic Clay that premiered on 22 November 1869 at the Royal Gallery of Illustration.

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Alban Berg

Alban Maria Johannes Berg (February 9, 1885 – December 24, 1935) was an Austrian composer of the Second Viennese School.

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Alexander von Zemlinsky

Alexander Zemlinsky or Alexander von Zemlinsky (14 October 1871 – 15 March 1942) was an Austrian composer, conductor, and teacher.

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Alexandre Debain

Alexandre-François Debain (6 July 1809 – 3 December 1877) was a French inventor who developed the harmonium.

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Alexandre Guilmant

Félix-Alexandre Guilmant (12 March 1837 – 29 March 1911) was a French organist and composer.

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All India Radio

All India Radio (AIR), officially known since 1956 as Ākāshvāṇī ("Voice from the Sky") is the national public radio broadcaster of India and a division of Prasar Bharati.

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Altenberg Lieder

The Five Orchestral Songs, Op. 4, for medium voice and orchestra, were composed by Alban Berg in 1911/12.

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The amplitude of a periodic variable is a measure of its change over a single period (such as time or spatial period).

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Andolan (music)

In Hindustani music andholan (Hindi: अंदोलन) as a specific form of ornament (alankar) is a gentle oscillation around a note, touching the periphery of an adjacent note as well as shrutis in between.

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Anton Bruckner

Josef Anton Bruckner was an Austrian composer, organist, and music theorist best known for his symphonies, masses, Te Deum and motets.

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Anton Haeckl

Anton Haeckl was a musical instrument builder in Vienna, who built the first physharmonica in 1818.

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Antonín Dvořák

Antonín Leopold Dvořák (8 September 1841 – 1 May 1904) was a Czech composer.

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Ariadne auf Naxos

(Ariadne on Naxos), Op. 60, is an opera by Richard Strauss with a German libretto by Hugo von Hofmannsthal.

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Arnold Schoenberg

Arnold Franz Walter Schoenberg or Schönberg (13 September 187413 July 1951) was an Austrian-American composer, music theorist, teacher, writer, and painter.

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Asiatic Society of Bangladesh

The Asiatic Society of Bangladesh was established as the Asiatic Society of Pakistan in Dhaka in 1952, and renamed in 1972.

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Barcarolle in F major (Saint-Saëns)

Camille Saint-Saëns's Barcarolle in F major, Op.108 is a chamber composition for a quartet consisting of violin, cello, harmonium (or organ) and piano, composed in 1898, the work also exists in a version for violin, cello, viola and piano created by the composer in 1909.

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Beat (acoustics)

In acoustics, a beat is an interference pattern between two sounds of slightly different frequencies, perceived as a periodic variation in volume whose rate is the difference of the two frequencies.

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Being for the Benefit of Mr. Kite!

"Being for the Benefit of Mr.

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A bellows or pair of bellows is a device constructed to furnish a strong blast of air.

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A bhajan literally means "sharing".

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Bhakti Fest

Bhakti Fest is a yoga, dance, and sacred music festival.

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Bhimsen Joshi

Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi (4 February 1922 – 24 January 2011) was an Indian singer from Karnataka in the Hindustani classical tradition.

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Blind Pilot

Blind Pilot is an American indie folk band based in Portland, Oregon, United States.

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Blue Moves

Blue Moves is the eleventh official album release by Elton John.

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Boston is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.

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Breakfast in America

Breakfast in America is the sixth studio album by the English rock band Supertramp, released by A&M Records on 29 March 1979.

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Breakfast in America (song)

"Breakfast in America" is the title track from Supertramp's 1979 album of the same name.

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A cabinet is a box-shaped piece of furniture with doors and/or drawers for storing miscellaneous items.

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Camille Saint-Saëns

Charles-Camille Saint-Saëns (9 October 183516 December 1921) was a French composer, organist, conductor and pianist of the Romantic era.

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César Franck

César-Auguste-Jean-Guillaume-Hubert Franck (10 December 1822 – 8 November 1890) was a composer, pianist, organist, and music teacher who worked in Paris during his adult life.

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The celesta or celeste is a struck idiophone operated by a keyboard.

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The cello (plural cellos or celli) or violoncello is a string instrument.

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The term chapel usually refers to a Christian place of prayer and worship that is attached to a larger, often nonreligious institution or that is considered an extension of a primary religious institution.

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Chapter 24

"Chapter 24" is a song from Pink Floyd's 1967 album The Piper at the Gates of Dawn.

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Chord organ

Chord organ is a kind of home organ that has a single short keyboard and a set of chord buttons, enabling the musician to play a melody or lead with one hand and accompanying chords with the other, like the accordion with a set of chord buttons which was originated from a patent by Cyrill Demian in 1829, etc.

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Christian Gottlieb Kratzenstein

Christian Gottlieb Kratzenstein (30 January 1723, Wernigerode – 6 July 1795, Copenhagen) was a German-born doctor, physicist and engineer.

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Church (building)

A church building or church house, often simply called a church, is a building used for Christian religious activities, particularly for worship services.

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The clarinet is a musical-instrument family belonging to the group known as the woodwind instruments.

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Claude Debussy

Achille-Claude Debussy (22 August 1862 – 25 March 1918) was a French composer.

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Combination tone

A combination tone (also called resultant or subjective tone"", Britannica.com. Accessed September 2015.) is a psychoacoustic phenomenon of an additional tone or tones that are artificially perceived when two real tones are sounded at the same time.

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A concertina is a free-reed musical instrument, like the various accordions and the harmonica.

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Concord, New Hampshire

Concord is the capital city of the U.S. state of New Hampshire and the county seat of Merrimack County.

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Consonance and dissonance

In music, consonance and dissonance are categorizations of simultaneous or successive sounds.

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A coupling is a device used to connect two shafts together at their ends for the purpose of transmitting power.

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Crisis? What Crisis?

Crisis? What Crisis? is the fourth album by the English rock band Supertramp, released in 1975.

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Damping ratio

Damping is an influence within or upon an oscillatory system that has the effect of reducing, restricting or preventing its oscillations.

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Desertshore is the third solo album and fourth studio album by German musician Nico.

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The dholak (ਢੋਲਕ, ঢোলক, ढोलक; ढोलक; dhool in the Netherlands and Suriname and ඩොල්කි) is a South Asian two-headed hand-drum.

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Displacement (vector)

A displacement is a vector whose length is the shortest distance from the initial to the final position of a point P. It quantifies both the distance and direction of an imaginary motion along a straight line from the initial position to the final position of the point.

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Don't Shoot Me I'm Only the Piano Player

Don't Shoot Me I'm Only the Piano Player is the sixth studio album by Elton John.

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Donovan Philips Leitch (born 10 May 1946) is a Scottish-born singer, songwriter and guitarist.

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Double bass

The double bass, or simply the bass (and numerous other names), is the largest and lowest-pitched bowed string instrument in the modern symphony orchestra.

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Dwarkin formally known as Dwarkin & Son, founded in 1875, was a pioneering Indian enterprise for the sale of Western and Indian musical instruments, which attained a legendary status in the music world at Kolkata (then known, in English, as Calcutta), particularly with the development of the hand-held harmonium.

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Dwijendranath Tagore

Dwijendranath Tagore (দ্বিজেন্দ্রনাথ ঠাকুর) (11 March 1840 – 19 January 1926) was an Indian poet, song composer, philosopher, mathematician, and a pioneer in Bengali shorthand and musical notations.

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Dynamics (music)

In music, the dynamics of a piece is the variation in loudness between notes or phrases.

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Edward Elgar

Sir Edward William Elgar, 1st Baronet (2 June 1857 – 23 February 1934) was an English composer, many of whose works have entered the British and international classical concert repertoire.

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Electric organ

An electric organ, also known as electronic organ, is an electronic keyboard instrument which was derived from the harmonium, pipe organ and theatre organ.

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Electronic keyboard

An electronic keyboard or digital keyboard is an electronic musical instrument, an electronic or digital derivative of keyboard instruments.

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Elton John

Sir Elton Hercules John (born Reginald Kenneth Dwight; 25 March 1947) is an English singer, pianist, and composer.

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Enharmonic keyboard

An enharmonic keyboard is a musical keyboard, where enharmonically equivalent notes do not have identical pitches.

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Equal temperament

An equal temperament is a musical temperament, or a system of tuning, in which the frequency interval between every pair of adjacent notes has the same ratio.

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Estey Organ

(late 19th century) --> For a century the Estey Organ Company in Brattleboro, Vermont was the largest Organ (music) manufacturer in the United States.

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Even in the Quietest Moments...

Even in the Quietest Moments… is the fifth album by the English rock band Supertramp, released in April 1977.

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Exponential decay

A quantity is subject to exponential decay if it decreases at a rate proportional to its current value.

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Exponential growth

Exponential growth is exhibited when the rate of change—the change per instant or unit of time—of the value of a mathematical function is proportional to the function's current value, resulting in its value at any time being an exponential function of time, i.e., a function in which the time value is the exponent.

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Fingering (music)

In music, fingering, or on stringed instruments stopping, is the choice of which fingers and hand positions to use when playing certain musical instruments.

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Fool's Overture

"Fool's Overture" is the closing track from Supertramp's 1977 album Even in the Quietest Moments....

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Franz Liszt

Franz Liszt (Liszt Ferencz, in modern usage Liszt Ferenc;Liszt's Hungarian passport spelt his given name as "Ferencz". An orthographic reform of the Hungarian language in 1922 (which was 36 years after Liszt's death) changed the letter "cz" to simply "c" in all words except surnames; this has led to Liszt's given name being rendered in modern Hungarian usage as "Ferenc". From 1859 to 1867 he was officially Franz Ritter von Liszt; he was created a Ritter (knight) by Emperor Francis Joseph I in 1859, but never used this title of nobility in public. The title was necessary to marry the Princess Carolyne zu Sayn-Wittgenstein without her losing her privileges, but after the marriage fell through, Liszt transferred the title to his uncle Eduard in 1867. Eduard's son was Franz von Liszt. 22 October 181131 July 1886) was a prolific 19th-century Hungarian composer, virtuoso pianist, conductor, music teacher, arranger, organist, philanthropist, author, nationalist and a Franciscan tertiary during the Romantic era.

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Franz Schreker

Franz Schreker (originally Schrecker; 23 March 1878, Monaco – 21 March 1934, Berlin) was an Austrian composer, conductor, teacher and administrator.

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Frederic Clay

Frederic Emes Clay (3 August 1838 – 24 November 1889) was an English composer known principally for his music written for the stage.

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Free reed aerophone

A free reed aerophone is a musical instrument that produces sound as air flows past a vibrating reed in a frame.

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French horn

The French horn (since the 1930s known simply as the "horn" in some professional music circles) is a brass instrument made of tubing wrapped into a coil with a flared bell.

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Fundamental frequency

The fundamental frequency, often referred to simply as the fundamental, is defined as the lowest frequency of a periodic waveform.

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Generalized keyboard

Generalized keyboards are musical keyboards, a type of isomorphic keyboard, with regular, tile-like arrangements usually with rectangular or hexagonal keys, and were developed for performing music in different tunings.

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George Frederick McKay

George Frederick McKay (June 11, 1899 – October 4, 1970) was a prolific modern American composer.

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Gioachino Rossini

Gioachino Antonio Rossini (29 February 1792 – 13 November 1868) was an Italian composer who wrote 39 operas as well as some sacred music, songs, chamber music, and piano pieces.

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Greg Weeks

Greg Weeks is an American singer-songwriter based in Philadelphia.

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Guitar Center

Guitar Center is an American music retailer chain.

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A gurdwara (ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰਾ, or ਗੁਰਦਵਾਰਾ,; meaning "door to the guru") is a place of worship for Sikhs.

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Gustav Mahler

Gustav Mahler (7 July 1860 – 18 May 1911) was an Austro-Bohemian late-Romantic composer, and one of the leading conductors of his generation.

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Hammond organ

The Hammond organ is an electric organ, invented by Laurens Hammond and John M. Hanert and first manufactured in 1935.

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A harmonic is any member of the harmonic series, a divergent infinite series.

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The harmonica, also known as a French harp or mouth organ, is a free reed wind instrument used worldwide in many musical genres, notably in blues, American folk music, classical music, jazz, country, and rock and roll.

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The harp is a stringed musical instrument that has a number of individual strings running at an angle to its soundboard; the strings are plucked with the fingers.

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Hello, Goodbye

"Hello, Goodbye" is a song by the English rock band the Beatles, written by Paul McCartney and credited to Lennon–McCartney.

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Henri Letocart

Henri Letocart, born Victor Jean Félix Henri Letocart (6 February 1866 – 1945) was a French organist and composer.

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Henry Ward Poole

Henry Ward Poole (1825–1890) was an American surveyor, civil engineer, educator and writer on and inventor of systems of musical tuning.

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Hermann von Helmholtz

Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz (August 31, 1821 – September 8, 1894) was a German physician and physicist who made significant contributions in several scientific fields.

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Hin und zurück

(Back and forth) is an operatic 'sketch' (Op. 45a) in one scene by Paul Hindemith, with a German libretto by Marcellus Schiffer.

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Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.

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Hindu temple

A Hindu temple is a symbolic house, seat and body of god.

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Hohner Musikinstrumente GmbH & Co.

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Hugo von Hofmannsthal

Hugo Laurenz August Hofmann von Hofmannsthal (1 February 1874 – 15 July 1929) was an Austrian prodigy, a novelist, librettist, poet, dramatist, narrator, and essayist.

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In music, inharmonicity is the degree to which the frequencies of overtones (also known as partials or partial tones) depart from whole multiples of the fundamental frequency (harmonic series).

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Jai Uttal

Jai Uttal (born June 12, 1951) is an American musician.

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Johann Sebastian Bach

Johann Sebastian Bach (28 July 1750) was a composer and musician of the Baroque period, born in the Duchy of Saxe-Eisenach.

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John Cameron (musician)

John Cameron (born 20 March 1944, Woodford, Essex, England) is a British composer, arranger, conductor and musician.

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John Lennon

John Winston Ono Lennon (9 October 19408 December 1980) was an English singer, songwriter, and peace activist who co-founded the Beatles, the most commercially successful band in the history of popular music.

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John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh

John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, (12 November 1842 – 30 June 1919) was a physicist who, with William Ramsay, discovered argon, an achievement for which he earned the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1904.

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Just intonation

In music, just intonation (sometimes abbreviated as JI) or pure intonation is any musical tuning in which the frequencies of notes are related by ratios of small whole numbers.

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Khyal or Khayal is the modern genre of classical singing in North India.

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Kirtan or Kirtana (कीर्तन) is a Sanskrit word that means "narrating, reciting, telling, describing" of an idea or story.

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Kolkata (also known as Calcutta, the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal.

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Krishna Das (singer)

Krishna Das (born Jeffrey Kagel; May 31, 1947) is an American vocalist known for his performances of Hindu devotional music known as kirtan (chanting the names of God).

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Kronos Quartet

The Kronos Quartet is an American string quartet based in San Francisco.

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Louis Vierne

Louis Victor Jules Vierne (8 October 1870 – 2 June 1937) was a French organist and composer.

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Lyric Symphony

The Lyric Symphony, Op.

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Made in England (Elton John album)

Made in England is the twenty-fourth studio album by English singer-songwriter Elton John, released in 1995 and produced by him and Greg Penny, the first time since Leather Jackets without Chris Thomas.

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Maharashtra (abbr. MH) is a state in the western region of India and is India's second-most populous state and third-largest state by area.

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Manual (music)

A manual is a musical keyboard designed to be played with the hands, on an instrument such as a pipe organ, harpsichord, clavichord, electronic organ, or synthesizer.

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Mark Twain

Samuel Langhorne Clemens (November 30, 1835 – April 21, 1910), better known by his pen name Mark Twain, was an American writer, humorist, entrepreneur, publisher, and lecturer.

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Martijn Padding

Martijn Padding (born 24 April 1956 in Amsterdam) is a Dutch composer and educator.

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Mason & Hamlin

Mason & Hamlin is a piano manufacturer based in Haverhill, Massachusetts.

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Mechanical resonance

Mechanical resonance is the tendency of a mechanical system to respond at greater amplitude when the frequency of its oscillations matches the system's natural frequency of vibration (its resonance frequency or resonant frequency) than it does at other frequencies.

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In Hindustani music, meend (Hindi: मीण्ड़ ْ, میند) refers to a glide from one note to another.

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Metropolitan Museum of Art

The Metropolitan Museum of Art of New York, colloquially "the Met", is the largest art museum in the United States.

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Milla Viljamaa

Milla Viljamaa (born 1980) is a Finnish musician and composer known for her creative works in various fields ranging from folk, tango and chamber music to theatre, opera, and film productions.

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Modulation (music)

In music, modulation is most commonly the act or process of changing from one key (tonic, or tonal center) to another.

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The Hohner Multimonica (introduced in 1940) featured a combination of a fan-blown reed organ and a monophonic sawtooth wave analog synthesizer. Produced by the German Hohner GmbH in the 1940s and 1950s, it preceded even the more famous Selmer Clavioline. Its circuitry was designed by the German engineer Harald Bode. There have been at least two series of Multimonica, with different control panel layout and schematics. The earlier models are now rare, since their production was halted by the outbreak of World War II, and many units may have been lost in the war. Multimonica II was released by the end of the ’40s. The front panel controls of the Multimonica I from left to right are: gain knob for the microphone input; power switch and overall volume knob; synthesizer/amplifier selector; power switch for the blower fan; tuning knob; four selector switches for different harmonics filtering of the synthesizer sound; four selectors for the different loudspeakers; vibrato switch. The Multimonica II featured no microphone input, and only one loudspeaker, but provided more types of harmonics filtering, and the electromechanic vibrato was changed to a tube based and more sophisticated design. The front panel controls of the Multimonica II from left to right are: power switch and overall volume knob; six selector switches for different preset sounds of the synthesizer; tuning knob; two selector switches for different harmonics filtering; three switches for the vibrato speed and amplitude; power switch for the blower fan. The circuit is based on Philips 13204 X, Philips EL41, Telefunken EF41 tubes for Multimonica I, and EL41; ECC40; EF40 tubes for the second series.(English) A photo of a third model can be found on the World Wide Web, looking like a simplified version of Multimonica I (without microphone input).

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Music of India

The music of India includes multiple varieties of classical music, folk music, filmi, Indian rock and Indian pop.

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Music of Pakistan

The Music of Pakistan (پاکستان کی موسیقی) includes diverse elements ranging from music from various parts of South Asia as well as Central Asian, Middle Eastern, and modern-day Western popular music influences.

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Musical temperament

In musical tuning, a temperament is a tuning system that slightly compromises the pure intervals of just intonation to meet other requirements.

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New-age music

New-age music is a genre of music intended to create artistic inspiration, relaxation, and optimism.

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Christa Päffgen (16 October 1938 – 18 July 1988), known by her stage name Nico, was a German singer, songwriter, musician, model, and actress.

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Nonlinear system

In mathematics and science, a nonlinear system is a system in which the change of the output is not proportional to the change of the input.

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Normal mode

A normal mode of an oscillating system is a pattern of motion in which all parts of the system move sinusoidally with the same frequency and with a fixed phase relation.

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Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan

Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan (Urdu/نصرت فتح علی خان‎; 13 October 1948 – 16 August 1997) was a Pakistani musician, primarily a singer of Qawwali, the devotional music of the Sufis.

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Open the Door (Roger Hodgson album)

Open the Door is the fourth album by Roger Hodgson, released by Epic Records and his third and most recent studio one (and his first studio release since 1987).

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An orchestra is a large instrumental ensemble typical of classical music, which mixes instruments from different families, including bowed string instruments such as violin, viola, cello and double bass, as well as brass, woodwinds, and percussion instruments, each grouped in sections.

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Organ (music)

In music, the organ (from Greek ὄργανον organon, "organ, instrument, tool") is a keyboard instrument of one or more pipe divisions or other means for producing tones, each played with its own keyboard, played either with the hands on a keyboard or with the feet using pedals.

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Organ stop

An organ stop (or just stop) is a component of a pipe organ that admits pressurized air (known as wind) to a set of organ pipes.

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An organist is a musician who plays any type of organ.

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An overtone is any frequency greater than the fundamental frequency of a sound.

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Paul Hindemith

Paul Hindemith (16 November 1895 – 28 December 1963) was a prolific German composer, violist, violinist, teacher and conductor.

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Pedal keyboard

A pedalboard (also called a pedal keyboard, pedal clavier, or, with electronic instruments, a bass pedalboard) is a keyboard played with the feet that is usually used to produce the low-pitched bass line of a piece of music.

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Petite messe solennelle

Gioachino Rossini's Petite messe solennelle (Little solemn mass) was written in 1863, possibly at the request of Count Alexis Pillet-Will for his wife Louise to whom it is dedicated.

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The physharmonica is a keyboard instrument fitted with free reeds, a kind of harmonium much used in Germany in the early 20th century.

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The piano is an acoustic, stringed musical instrument invented in Italy by Bartolomeo Cristofori around the year 1700 (the exact year is uncertain), in which the strings are struck by hammers.

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Pink Floyd

Pink Floyd were an English rock band formed in London in 1965.

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Pipe organ

The pipe organ is a musical instrument that produces sound by driving pressurized air (called wind) through organ pipes selected via a keyboard.

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Portative organ

A portative organ (portatif organ, portativ organ, or simply portative, portatif, or portativ) (from the Latin verb portare, "to carry"), also known during Italian Trecento as the organetto, is a small pipe organ that consists of one rank of flue pipes, sometimes arranged in two rows, to be played while strapped to the performer at a right angle.

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Positive organ

A positive organ (also positiv organ, positif organ, portable organ, chair organ, or simply positive, positiv, positif, or chair) (from the Latin verb ponere, "to place") is a small, usually one-manual, pipe organ that is built to be more or less mobile.

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Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune

Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune (''L.'' 86), known in English as Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun, is a symphonic poem for orchestra by Claude Debussy, approximately 10 minutes in duration.

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Promenade (The Divine Comedy album)

Promenade is The Divine Comedy's third album.

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Pump organ

The pump organ, reed organ, harmonium, or melodeon is a type of free-reed organ that generates sound as air flows past a vibrating piece of thin metal in a frame.

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Pythagorean tuning

Pythagorean tuning is a system of musical tuning in which the frequency ratios of all intervals are based on the ratio 3:2.

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Qawwali (Nastaʿlīq:; Punjabi: ਕਵਾਲੀ (Gurmukhi); Hindi: क़व्वाली; Bangla: কাওয়ালি) is a form of Sufi devotional music popular in South Asia: in the Punjab and Sindh regions of Pakistan; in Hyderabad, Delhi and other parts of India, especially North India; as well as Dhaka, Chittagong and Sylhet divisions of Bangladesh.

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Reed (mouthpiece)

A reed is a thin strip of material which vibrates to produce a sound on a musical instrument.

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Regal (instrument)

The regal is a small portable organ, furnished with beating reeds and having two bellows.

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Richard Strauss

Richard Georg Strauss (11 June 1864 – 8 September 1949) was a leading German composer of the late Romantic and early modern eras.

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Robert Holford Macdowall Bosanquet

Robert Holford Macdowall Bosanquet (31 July 1841 – 7 August 1912) was an English scientist and music theorist, and brother of Admiral Sir Day Bosanquet, and philosopher Bernard Bosanquet.

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Roger Hodgson

Charles Roger Pomfret Hodgson (born 21 March 1950) is an English musician, singer and songwriter, best known as the former co-frontman and founder member of progressive rock band Supertramp.

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Rubber Soul

Rubber Soul is the sixth album by the English rock band the Beatles.

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The sārangī (Hindi: सारंगी, Punjabi: ਸਾਰੰਗੀ, سارنگی, Nepali: सारङ्गी) is a bowed, short-necked string instrument from India as well as Nepal and Pakistan which is used in Hindustani classical music.

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Self-oscillation is the generation and maintenance of a periodic motion by a source of power that lacks any corresponding periodicity.

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Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band


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Shruti box

A shruti box (sruti box or surpeti) is an instrument that traditionally works on a system of bellows.

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Sigfrid Karg-Elert

Sigfrid Karg-Elert (November 21, 1877April 9, 1933) was a German composer of considerable fame in the early twentieth century, best known for his compositions for organ and harmonium.

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A Sikh (ਸਿੱਖ) is a person associated with Sikhism, a monotheistic religion that originated in the 15th century based on the revelation of Guru Nanak.

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Snatam Kaur

Snatam Kaur Khalsa (ਸਨਾਤਮ ਕੌਰ ਖ਼ਾਲਸਾ, born 1972 in Trinidad, Colorado), is an American singer, songwriter and author.

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Society for Private Musical Performances

The Society for Private Musical Performances (in German, the Verein für musikalische Privataufführungen) was an organization founded in Vienna in the Autumn of 1918 by Arnold Schoenberg with the intention of making carefully rehearsed and comprehensible performances of newly composed music available to genuinely interested members of the musical public.

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Sufism, or Taṣawwuf (personal noun: ṣūfiyy / ṣūfī, mutaṣawwuf), variously defined as "Islamic mysticism",Martin Lings, What is Sufism? (Lahore: Suhail Academy, 2005; first imp. 1983, second imp. 1999), p.15 "the inward dimension of Islam" or "the phenomenon of mysticism within Islam",Massington, L., Radtke, B., Chittick, W. C., Jong, F. de, Lewisohn, L., Zarcone, Th., Ernst, C, Aubin, Françoise and J.O. Hunwick, “Taṣawwuf”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, edited by: P. Bearman, Th.

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Supertramp (known as Daddy in 1969–1970) are an English rock band formed in London in 1969.

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Swara (Hindi स्वर), also spelled swara, is a Sanskrit word that connotes a note in the successive steps of the octave.

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The swarmandal (स्वरमण्डल) or Indian harp is an Indian zither similar to the qanun that is today most commonly used as an accompanying instrument for vocal Indian classical music.

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Symphony No. 7 (Bruckner)

Anton Bruckner's Symphony No.

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Symphony No. 8 (Mahler)

The Symphony No.

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The tabla is a membranophone percussion instrument originating from the Indian subcontinent, consisting of a pair of drums, used in traditional, classical, popular and folk music.

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The Adventures of Tom Sawyer

The Adventures of Tom Sawyer by Mark Twain is an 1876 novel about a young boy growing up along the Mississippi River.

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The Beatles

The Beatles were an English rock band formed in Liverpool in 1960.

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The Divine Comedy (band)

The Divine Comedy are an orchestral pop band from Northern Ireland formed in 1989 and fronted by Neil Hannon.

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The Hurdy Gurdy Man

The Hurdy Gurdy Man is the sixth studio album (seventh overall) by Scottish singer-songwriter Donovan.

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The Marble Index

The Marble Index is the second solo album and third studio album by German musician Nico, which was released in November 1968 on Elektra Records.

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The Piper at the Gates of Dawn

The Piper at the Gates of Dawn is the debut studio album by the English rock band Pink Floyd, and the only one made under founding member Syd Barrett's leadership.

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Timo Alakotila

Timo Alakotila is a Finnish composer, arranger, and musician born July 15, 1959.

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Tori Amos

Tori Amos (born Myra Ellen Amos, August 22, 1963) is an American singer-songwriter, pianist, and composer.

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Torsion (mechanics)

In the field of solid mechanics, torsion is the twisting of an object due to an applied torque.

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Transverse wave

A transverse wave is a moving wave that consists of oscillations occurring perpendicular (right angled) to the direction of energy transfer (or the propagation of the wave).

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University of Copenhagen

The University of Copenhagen (UCPH) (Københavns Universitet) is the oldest university and research institution in Denmark.

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Vidyadhar Oke

Vidyadhar Oke is an Indian musicologist, a harmonium player and an astrology consultant, who has done some research in the use of shrutis (microtones) in Indian classical music and created a 22-shruti version of the harmonium.

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The viola is a string instrument that is bowed or played with varying techniques.

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The violin, also known informally as a fiddle, is a wooden string instrument in the violin family.

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W. S. Gilbert

Sir William Schwenck Gilbert (18 November 1836 – 29 May 1911) was an English dramatist, librettist, poet and illustrator best known for his collaboration with composer Arthur Sullivan, which produced fourteen comic operas.

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We Can Work It Out

"We Can Work It Out" is a song by the English rock band the Beatles, written by Paul McCartney and John Lennon.

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William Bergsma

William Laurence Bergsma (April 1, 1921; Oakland, California – March 18, 1994; Seattle, Washington) was an American composer.

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William Bolcom

William Elden Bolcom (born May 26, 1938) is an American composer and pianist.

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Woodworm is the wood-eating larvae of many species of beetle.

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Worcester, Massachusetts

Worcester is a city and the county seat of Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States.

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Your Mother Should Know

"Your Mother Should Know" is a song by the Beatles from their 1967 record Magical Mystery Tour, released in the US as an LP on 27 November 1967 and in the UK as a double-EP on 8 December 1967.

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53 equal temperament

In music, 53 equal temperament, called 53 TET, 53 EDO, or 53 ET, is the tempered scale derived by dividing the octave into 53 equal steps (equal frequency ratios).

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pump_organ

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