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Puntland

Index Puntland

Puntland (Puntlaand, أرض البنط), officially the Puntland State of Somalia (Dowladda Puntland ee Soomaaliya, بونتلاند دولة الصومال), is a region in northeastern Somalia. [1]

176 relations: Abdihakim Abdullahi Haji Omar, Abdirahman Farole, Abdisamad Ali Shire, Abdiweli Mohamed Ali, Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed, Abdullahi Yusuf Airport, Addis Ababa, Agriculture, Alula, Somalia, Ancient Egypt, Aquatic ecosystem, Arabian Peninsula, Arabic, Autonomy, Ayn, Somalia, Badhan, Sanaag, Bari, Somalia, Bosaso, Bosaso Airport, British Somaliland, Buuhoodle, Cape Guardafui, China Civil Engineering Construction Corporation, Constitution of Puntland, Daallo Airlines, Darod, Demographics of Somalia, Denmark, Dhahar, Dharoor Valley, Djibouti, Dubai, Early childhood education, East Africa Time, East Africa University, Eastern Television Network, English language, Erigavo, Ethiopia, Eyl, Federal Parliament of Somalia, Federated state, Finland, Fish, Flag of Puntland, Flag of Somalia, Frankincense, Galdogob, Galkayo, Galmudug, ..., Garoowe, Garowe Airport, Garowe Online, Gerad Dhidhin, Golis Telecom Somalia, Government budget, Guardafui Channel, Gulf of Aden, Gum arabic, Hadhramaut, Haji Bashir Ismail Yusuf, Hajj, Haud, Haylan, Horseed (political party), Horseed Media, Illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing, Indian Ocean, Intelligence agency, Internet service provider, Islam, Italian Somaliland, Jama Ali Jama, Jeddah, Jubba Airways, Karkaar, Khatumo State, Kingdom of Italy, Kinship, LaasqorayNET, Land of Punt, Landline, Las Anod, Las Khorey, List of Presidents of Puntland, List of Presidents of Somalia, Livestock, London, Maakhir, Maakhir University, Majeerteen Sultanate, Manufacturing, Mehri people, Middle East, Military, Mogadishu, Mogadishu University, Mohamed Hashi, Mohamoud Ali Shire, Mohamud Muse Hersi, Mudug, Multi-party system, Musketeer, Muslim, Myrrh, NationLink Telecom, Netco (Somalia), Netherlands, Nomad, Nonformal learning, Nugaal University, Nugaal Valley, Nugal, Somalia, Osman Mahamuud, Pastoralism, Piracy off the coast of Somalia, Population density, Port, Presidential system, Primary education, Protectorate, Public finance, Puntland Agency For Social Welfare, Puntland Dervish Force, Puntland Electoral Commission, Puntland Intelligence Agency, Puntland Maritime Police Force, Puntland Post, Puntland Star, Puntland State University, Puntland TV and Radio, Puntland–Somaliland dispute, Qardho, Qardho Airport, Radio Gaalkacyo, Radio Garowe, Range Resources, Ras al-Khaimah, Said Hassan Shire, Said Mohamed Rage, Sanaag, Satellite television, Secondary education, Semi-arid climate, Somali Broadcasting Corporation, Somali Civil War, Somali language, Somali shilling, Somalia, Somaliland, Somalis, Sool, Somalia, States and regions of Somalia, Sultan, Sultanate of Hobyo, Surface water, Telcom (Somalia), Telecommunication, Telephone numbers in Somalia, Tertiary education, The Age, Togdheer, Transitional Federal Charter of the Somali Republic, Trust Territory of Somaliland, Ulama, Umrah, United Arab Emirates, United Arab Emirates dirham, United States, Vocational education, Warsangali, Warsangali Sultanate, Water well, Yemen, Yusuf Ali Kenadid, .so. Expand index (126 more) »

Abdihakim Abdullahi Haji Omar

Abdihakim Abdullahi Haji Omar (Cabdihakiin Cabdulaahi Xaaji Cumar, عبد الحكيم عبد الله حاجي عمر), also known as Abdihakin Abdullahi Omar Amey, is a Somali politician.

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Abdirahman Farole

Abdirahman Mohamud Farole (Cabdiraxmaan Maxamuud Faroole; عبد الرحمن محمد; born 1945) is a Somali politician.

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Abdisamad Ali Shire

General Abdisamad Ali Shire (Cabdisamad Cali Shiire, عبدي الصمد علي شيري) is a Somali politician.

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Abdiweli Mohamed Ali

Abdiweli Mohamed Ali Gaas (Cabdiweli Maxamed Cali; عبدالولي محمد علي), also known as Abdiweli Gaas, is a Somali American economist, professor and politician.

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Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed

Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed (Cabdullaahi Yuusuf Axmed, عبدالله يوسف أحمد‎; 15 December 1934 – 23 March 2012) was a Somali politician and former Colonel in the Somali National Army.

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Abdullahi Yusuf Airport

Abdullahi Yusuf Airport, formerly known as the Galkayo Airport, is an airport located in Galkayo, the capital of the north-central Mudug region of Somalia.

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Addis Ababa

Addis Ababa (አዲስ አበባ,, "new flower"; or Addis Abeba (the spelling used by the official Ethiopian Mapping Authority); Finfinne "natural spring") is the capital and largest city of Ethiopia.

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Agriculture

Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.

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Alula, Somalia

No description.

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Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient Northeastern Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River - geographically Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt, in the place that is now occupied by the countries of Egypt and Sudan.

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Aquatic ecosystem

An aquatic ecosystem is an ecosystem in a body of water.

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Arabian Peninsula

The Arabian Peninsula, simplified Arabia (شِبْهُ الْجَزِيرَةِ الْعَرَبِيَّة, ‘Arabian island’ or جَزِيرَةُ الْعَرَب, ‘Island of the Arabs’), is a peninsula of Western Asia situated northeast of Africa on the Arabian plate.

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Arabic

Arabic (العَرَبِيَّة) or (عَرَبِيّ) or) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, which is derived from Classical Arabic. As the modern written language, Modern Standard Arabic is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic (fuṣḥā), which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary. However, it has discarded some grammatical constructions and vocabulary that no longer have any counterpart in the spoken varieties, and has adopted certain new constructions and vocabulary from the spoken varieties. Much of the new vocabulary is used to denote concepts that have arisen in the post-classical era, especially in modern times. During the Middle Ages, Literary Arabic was a major vehicle of culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics and philosophy. As a result, many European languages have also borrowed many words from it. Arabic influence, mainly in vocabulary, is seen in European languages, mainly Spanish and to a lesser extent Portuguese, Valencian and Catalan, owing to both the proximity of Christian European and Muslim Arab civilizations and 800 years of Arabic culture and language in the Iberian Peninsula, referred to in Arabic as al-Andalus. Sicilian has about 500 Arabic words as result of Sicily being progressively conquered by Arabs from North Africa, from the mid 9th to mid 10th centuries. Many of these words relate to agriculture and related activities (Hull and Ruffino). Balkan languages, including Greek and Bulgarian, have also acquired a significant number of Arabic words through contact with Ottoman Turkish. Arabic has influenced many languages around the globe throughout its history. Some of the most influenced languages are Persian, Turkish, Spanish, Urdu, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Hindi, Malay, Maldivian, Indonesian, Pashto, Punjabi, Tagalog, Sindhi, and Hausa, and some languages in parts of Africa. Conversely, Arabic has borrowed words from other languages, including Greek and Persian in medieval times, and contemporary European languages such as English and French in modern times. Classical Arabic is the liturgical language of 1.8 billion Muslims and Modern Standard Arabic is one of six official languages of the United Nations. All varieties of Arabic combined are spoken by perhaps as many as 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world, making it the fifth most spoken language in the world. Arabic is written with the Arabic alphabet, which is an abjad script and is written from right to left, although the spoken varieties are sometimes written in ASCII Latin from left to right with no standardized orthography.

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Autonomy

In development or moral, political, and bioethical philosophy, autonomy is the capacity to make an informed, un-coerced decision.

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Ayn, Somalia

Ayn (Cayn, عين) is a region in Somalia.

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Badhan, Sanaag

Badhan (Badhan; برن), also known as Baran is a town in northern Sanaag region of Somalia.

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Bari, Somalia

Bari (Bari, باري) is an administrative region (gobol) in northeastern Somalia.

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Bosaso

Bosaso (Boosaaso, بوساسو) is a city in the northeastern Bari province (gobol) of Somalia.

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Bosaso Airport

Bosaso Airport, also known as Bender Qassim International Airport, is an airport in Somalia.

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British Somaliland

British Somaliland, officially the British Somaliland Protectorate (Dhulka Maxmiyada Soomaalida ee Biritishka, translit) was a British protectorate in present-day northwestern Somalia.

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Buuhoodle

Buhoodle (Buuhoodle, بووهودل), also known as Bohotle, is the capital of the northern Ayn region in Somalia.

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Cape Guardafui

Cape Guardafui (Gees Gardafuul), also known historically as Aromata promontorium, is a headland in the autonomous Puntland region in Somalia.

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China Civil Engineering Construction Corporation

China Civil Engineering Construction Corporation Ltd. (abbreviation CCECC) was established in June 1979 under the approval of the State Council of the People's Republic of China.

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Constitution of Puntland

The Constitution of Puntland is the governing document and legal framework for the autonomous Puntland region of Somalia.

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Daallo Airlines

Daallo Airlines is a Somali-owned airline based at Dubai Airport Free Zone in Al Garhoud, Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

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Darod

The Darod (Daarood, دارود) is a Somali clan.

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Demographics of Somalia

The demographics of Somalia encompass the demographic features of Somalia's inhabitants, including ethnicity, languages, population density, education level, health, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

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Denmark

Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.

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Dhahar

Dhahar is a town in the eastern Sanaag region of Somaliland.

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Dharoor Valley

The Dharoor Valley (Dooxada Dharoor) is valley located in the Bari province of the autonomous Puntland region in northeastern Somalia.

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Djibouti

Djibouti (جيبوتي, Djibouti, Jabuuti, Gabuuti), officially the Republic of Djibouti, is a country located in the Horn of Africa.

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Dubai

Dubai (دبي) is the largest and most populous city in the United Arab Emirates (UAE).

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Early childhood education

Early childhood education (ECE; also nursery education) is a branch of education theory which relates to the teaching of older children (formally and informally) up until the age of about eighteen (birth to Grade 2).

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East Africa Time

East Africa Time, or EAT, is a time zone used in eastern Africa.

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East Africa University

East Africa University (EAU) (جامعة شرق أفريقيا) is a private university in the autonomous Puntland state in northeastern Somalia.

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Eastern Television Network

Eastern Television Network (ETN TV) is a Somali private television channel.

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English language

English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.

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Erigavo

Erigavo (Ceerigaabo), also spelled as Erigabo, is the capital and largest city of the Northeastern Sanaag region of Somaliland.

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Ethiopia

Ethiopia (ኢትዮጵያ), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ, yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī Rīpebilīk), is a country located in the Horn of Africa.

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Eyl

Eyl is an ancient port town in the northeastern Nugal province of Somalia in the autonomous Puntland macro-region, it is the center of the Eyl District.

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Federal Parliament of Somalia

The Federal Parliament of Somalia (Golaha Shacabka Soomaaliya; often Baarlamaanka Federaalka Soomaaliya; البرلمان الاتحادي في الصومال; Il parlamento federale della Somalia) is the national parliament of Somalia.

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Federated state

A federated state (which may also be referred to by various terms such as a state, a province, a canton, a land) is a territorial and constitutional community forming part of a federation.

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Finland

Finland (Suomi; Finland), officially the Republic of Finland is a country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, and Russia to the east.

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Fish

Fish are gill-bearing aquatic craniate animals that lack limbs with digits.

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Flag of Puntland

The flag of Puntland is the state flag of Puntland, an autonomous region in northeastern Somalia.

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Flag of Somalia

The Flag of Somalia (Calanka Soomaaliyaa, علم الصومال), also known as the Somali Flag, is the official flag of the Federal Republic of Somalia.

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Frankincense

Frankincense (also known as olibanum, לבונה, Arabic) is an aromatic resin used in incense and perfumes, obtained from trees of the genus Boswellia in the family Burseraceae, particularly Boswellia sacra (syn: B. bhaw-dajiana), B. carterii33, B. frereana, B. serrata (B. thurifera, Indian frankincense), and B. papyrifera.

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Galdogob

Galdogob (Galdogob, جلدغب), also spelled Goldogob, is a town wholly administered by the government of autonomous Puntland as the capital of the Galdogob District within the Mudug province.

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Galkayo

Galkayo (Gaalkacyo, جالكعيو), also known as Gallacaio or Rocca Littorio,Dr Badal Kariye Ba Bsit Ma Mba & Phd, The Kaleidoscopic Lover: The Civil War in the Horn of Africa & My Itinerary for a Peaceful Lover, (AuthorHouse: 2010), p.116.

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Galmudug

Galmudug, officially Galmudug State, is an autonomous region in central Somalia.

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Garoowe

Garowe (Garoowe, غاروي); is the capital of Nugaal region and administrative capital of Puntland state in northeastern Somalia.

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Garowe Airport

Garowe Airport is an airport serving Garowe, the administrative capital of the autonomous Puntland region in northeastern Somalia.

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Garowe Online

Garowe Online is an independently operated news agency based in Puntland, Somalia.

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Gerad Dhidhin

Gerad Dhidhin (Abdulaahi Kooge Maxamuud Harti, عبد الله كوجى محمود هرتى), also known as Gerad Abdulahi, was the founder of the Warsangali Sultanate in the late 13th century in the territory of present-day northern Somalia.

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Golis Telecom Somalia

Golis Telecom Somalia (Shirkadda Isgaadhsiinta ee Golis Soomaaliya), shortened to Golis, is the largest telecommunications operator in the Puntland state of northeastern Somalia.

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Government budget

A government budget is an annual financial statement presenting the government's proposed revenues and spending for a financial year that is often passed by the legislature, approved by the chief executive or president and presented by the Finance Minister to the nation.

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Guardafui Channel

The Guardafui Channel is an oceanic strait off the tip of the Horn of Africa.

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Gulf of Aden

The Gulf of Aden, also known as the Gulf of Berbera, (خليج عدن,, Gacanka Berbera) is a gulf amidst Yemen to the north, the Arabian Sea and Guardafui Channel to the east, Somalia to the south, and Djibouti to the west.

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Gum arabic

Gum arabic, also known as acacia gum, arabic gum, gum acacia, acacia, Senegal gum and Indian gum, and by other names, is a natural gum consisting of the hardened sap of various species of the acacia tree.

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Hadhramaut

Hadramaut, Hadhramaut, Hadramout, Hadramawt or Ḥaḍramūt (حضرموت Ḥaḍramawt; Musnad: 𐩢𐩳𐩧𐩣𐩩) is a region on the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula.

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Haji Bashir Ismail Yusuf

Haji Bashir Ismail Yusuf (Xaaji Bashiir Ismaaciil Yuusuf, حاجي بشير اسماعيل يوسف) (b. 1912 in Hobyo, Somalia – d. 1984 in Cairo, Egypt), also spelled Hagi Bashir Ismail Yousuf, was a Somali politician.

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Hajj

The Hajj (حَجّ "pilgrimage") is an annual Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca, the holiest city for Muslims, and a mandatory religious duty for Muslims that must be carried out at least once in their lifetime by all adult Muslims who are physically and financially capable of undertaking the journey, and can support their family during their absence.

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Haud

Haud (or Hawd; Amharic: ሓውድ) is a region of thorn-bush and grasslands in the Horn of Africa.

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Haylan

Haylan, (Heylaan), is an ancient town in the northern Sanaag region of Somalia.

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Horseed (political party)

Horseed is a political party based in Garowe, the administrative capital of the autonomous Puntland state in northeastern Somalia.

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Horseed Media

Horseed Media is a news organization based in Puntland, Somalia.

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Illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing

Illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing (IUU) is an international issue around the world.

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Indian Ocean

The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering (approximately 20% of the water on the Earth's surface).

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Intelligence agency

An intelligence agency is a government agency responsible for the collection, analysis, and exploitation of information in support of law enforcement, national security, military, and foreign policy objectives.

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Internet service provider

An Internet service provider (ISP) is an organization that provides services for accessing, using, or participating in the Internet.

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Islam

IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).

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Italian Somaliland

Italian Somaliland (Somalia italiana, الصومال الإيطالي Al-Sumal Al-Italiy, Dhulka Talyaaniga ee Soomaaliya), also known as Italian Somalia, was a colony of the Kingdom of Italy in present-day northeastern, central and southern Somalia.

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Jama Ali Jama

Jama Ali Jama (Jaamac Cali Jaamac, جامع علي جامع) is a Somali politician.

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Jeddah

Jeddah (sometimes spelled Jiddah or Jedda;; جدة, Hejazi pronunciation) is a city in the Hijaz Tihamah region on the coast of the Red Sea and is the major urban center of western Saudi Arabia. It is the largest city in Makkah Province, the largest seaport on the Red Sea, and with a population of about four million people, the second-largest city in Saudi Arabia after the capital city, Riyadh. Jeddah is Saudi Arabia's commercial capital. Jeddah is the principal gateway to Mecca and Medina, two of the holiest cities in Islam and popular tourist attractions. Economically, Jeddah is focusing on further developing capital investment in scientific and engineering leadership within Saudi Arabia, and the Middle East. Jeddah was independently ranked fourth in the Africa – Mid-East region in terms of innovation in 2009 in the Innovation Cities Index. Jeddah is one of Saudi Arabia's primary resort cities and was named a Beta world city by the Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network (GaWC). Given the city's close proximity to the Red Sea, fishing and seafood dominates the food culture unlike other parts of the country. In Arabic, the city's motto is "Jeddah Ghair," which translates to "Jeddah is different." The motto has been widely used among both locals as well as foreign visitors. The city had been previously perceived as the "most open" city in Saudi Arabia.

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Jubba Airways

Jubba Airways is a Somali airline.

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Karkaar

Karkaar is a mountain range in northeastern Somalia.

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Khatumo State

Khatumo State (Khaatumo; ولاية خاتمة), officially the Khatumo State of Somalia (Dowlad Goboleedka Khaatumo ee Soomaaliya), is an unrecognised proto-state in northern Somalia.

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Kingdom of Italy

The Kingdom of Italy (Regno d'Italia) was a state which existed from 1861—when King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia was proclaimed King of Italy—until 1946—when a constitutional referendum led civil discontent to abandon the monarchy and form the modern Italian Republic.

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Kinship

In anthropology, kinship is the web of social relationships that form an important part of the lives of all humans in all societies, although its exact meanings even within this discipline are often debated.

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LaasqorayNET

LaasqorayNET is an online media outlet centered in Las Khorey, Somalia.

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Land of Punt

The Land of Punt, also called Pwenet or Pwene by the ancient Egyptians, was an ancient kingdom.

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Landline

A landline telephone (also known as land line, land-line, main line, home phone, landline, fixed-line, and wireline) is a phone that uses a metal wire or optical fiber telephone line for transmission as distinguished from a mobile cellular line, which uses radio waves for transmission.

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Las Anod

Las Anod (Laascaanood; لاس عانود) is the administrative capital of the Sool region of Somaliland.

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Las Khorey

Las Khorey (Laasqoray, لاسقُرَى) is an ancient coastal city in the northern Sanaag region of Somalia.

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List of Presidents of Puntland

This is a list of Presidents of Puntland, a semi-autonomous state that is de jure part of Somalia.

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List of Presidents of Somalia

This is a list of Presidents of Somalia.

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Livestock

Livestock are domesticated animals raised in an agricultural setting to produce labor and commodities such as meat, eggs, milk, fur, leather, and wool.

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London

London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.

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Maakhir

Maakhir (Goboleedka Maakhir, ماخر.), officially the Maakhir State of Somalia (Maamul Goboleedka Maakhiran; ولاية ماخر الصومال) was a short-lived quasi-state in northern Somalia.

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Maakhir University

Maakhir University (Jaamacada Maakhir, جامعة ماخر) is a university in the northern Sanaag (Maakhir) region of Somalia.

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Majeerteen Sultanate

The Majeerteen Sultanate (Suldanadda Majeerteen, سلطنة مجرتين), also known as Majeerteenia and Migiurtinia, was a Somali kingdom centered in the Horn of Africa.

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Manufacturing

Manufacturing is the production of merchandise for use or sale using labour and machines, tools, chemical and biological processing, or formulation.

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Mehri people

Mehri (var. al-Mahrah, al-Meheri, al-Mahri or al-Mahra (المهرة), also known as al-Mahrah tribe (قبيلة المهرة), are an ethnic group primarily inhabiting South Arabia and the island of Socotra.

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Middle East

The Middle Easttranslit-std; translit; Orta Şərq; Central Kurdish: ڕۆژھەڵاتی ناوین, Rojhelatî Nawîn; Moyen-Orient; translit; translit; translit; Rojhilata Navîn; translit; Bariga Dhexe; Orta Doğu; translit is a transcontinental region centered on Western Asia, Turkey (both Asian and European), and Egypt (which is mostly in North Africa).

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Military

A military or armed force is a professional organization formally authorized by a sovereign state to use lethal or deadly force and weapons to support the interests of the state.

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Mogadishu

Mogadishu (Muqdisho), known locally as Xamar or Hamar, is the capital and most populous city of Somalia.

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Mogadishu University

Mogadishu University (جامعة مقديشو, Jaamacadda Muqdisho) is an accredited non-governmental university in Mogadishu, Somalia.

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Mohamed Hashi

Mohamed Abdi Hashi (Maxamed Cabdi Xaashi, محمد عبدي هاشي) is a Somali politician.

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Mohamoud Ali Shire

Mohamoud Ali Shire (Maxamuud Cali Shiire, محمود علي شري, Mahmoud bin Ali Shirreh Maxmud bin Cali Shire) was a Somali elder of the Warsangali clan.

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Mohamud Muse Hersi

Mohamud "Adde" Muse Hersi (Maxamuud Muuse Xirsi Cadde, محمد موسى حرسي; died 8 February 2017) was a Somali politician.

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Mudug

Mudug (Mudug) is an administrative region (gobol) in north-central Somalia.

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Multi-party system

A multi-party system is a system in which multiple political parties across the political spectrum run for national election, and all have the capacity to gain control of government offices, separately or in coalition.

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Musketeer

A musketeer (mousquetaire) was a type of soldier equipped with a musket.

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Muslim

A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.

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Myrrh

Myrrh (from Aramaic, but see § Etymology) is a natural gum or resin extracted from a number of small, thorny tree species of the genus Commiphora.

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NationLink Telecom

NationLink Telecom is a telecommunications firm based in Somalia.

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Netco (Somalia)

North Eastern Telecommunications Company (Netco Ltd.) is a telecommunications company established in 1993 in Bosaso, the commercial capital of Puntland an autonomous region of Somalia.

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Netherlands

The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.

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Nomad

A nomad (νομάς, nomas, plural tribe) is a member of a community of people who live in different locations, moving from one place to another in search of grasslands for their animals.

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Nonformal learning

Non-formal learning includes various structured learning situations, such as swimming sessions for toddlers, community-based sports programs and conference style seminars, which do not either have the level of curriculum, syllabus, accreditation and certification associated with 'formal learning', but have more structure than that associated with 'informal learning', which typically take place naturally and spontaneously as part of other activities.

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Nugaal University

Nugaal University is a university in Las Anod, Somaliland.

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Nugaal Valley

The Nugaal Valley (Dooxada Nugaal, وادي نوجال), also called the Nogal Valley, is a long and broad valley located in northern Somalia.

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Nugal, Somalia

Nugal (Nugaal, نوغال) is an administrative region (gobol) in northeastern Somalia.

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Osman Mahamuud

Osman Mahamuud (Cismaan Maxamuud, عثمان محمود), also known as `Uthman III ibn Mahmud, was a Somali king.

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Pastoralism

Pastoralism is the branch of agriculture concerned with the raising of livestock.

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Piracy off the coast of Somalia

Piracy off the coast of Somalia has been a threat to international shipping since the second phase of the Somali Civil War, around 2000, when foreign ships exploited the absence of an effective national coast guard by invading the fishing grounds and also dumping illegal waste that would further diminish the local catch.

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Population density

Population density (in agriculture: standing stock and standing crop) is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density.

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Port

A port is a maritime commercial facility which may comprise one or more wharves where ships may dock to load and discharge passengers and cargo.

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Presidential system

A presidential system is a democratic and republican system of government where a head of government leads an executive branch that is separate from the legislative branch.

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Primary education

Primary education and elementary education is typically the first stage of formal education, coming after preschool and before secondary education (The first two grades of primary school, Grades 1 and 2, are also part of early childhood education).

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Protectorate

A protectorate, in its inception adopted by modern international law, is a dependent territory that has been granted local autonomy and some independence while still retaining the suzerainty of a greater sovereign state.

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Public finance

Public finance is the study of the role of the government in the economy.

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Puntland Agency For Social Welfare

The Puntland Agency For Social Welfare (PASWE) is the state-run social welfare agency of the autonomous Puntland region in northeastern Somalia.

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Puntland Dervish Force

The Puntland Dervish Force (Ciidamada Daraawiishta Puntland, أرض البنط بونتلاند فرقة الدراويش) is the official paramilitary division of the Puntland Security Force.

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Puntland Electoral Commission

The Puntland Electoral Commission (PEC) is a governmental body in the autonomous Puntland region in northeastern Somalia.

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Puntland Intelligence Agency

The Puntland Intelligence Agency (Hay’ada Sirdoonka Buntlaand, وكالة الاستخبارات بونتلاند) is an intelligence agency based in Puntland, Somalia.

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Puntland Maritime Police Force

The Puntland Maritime Police Force (PMPF) is a security force based in Puntland, an autonomous region in northeastern Somalia.

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Puntland Post

Puntland Post is online publication and weekly newspaper based in Garowe, the administrative capital of the autonomous Puntland region in northeastern Somalia.

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Puntland Star

Puntland Star is a news agency organization based in Garowe, the capital city of Puntland State of Somalia.

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Puntland State University

Puntland State University is a university in Garowe, the administrative capital of the northeastern Puntland region of Somalia.

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Puntland TV and Radio

Puntland TV and Radio is the public broadcasting network of the autonomous Puntland region of Somalia.

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Puntland–Somaliland dispute

The Puntland–Somaliland dispute is a territorial dispute over the northern Somali provinces of Sool, Sanaag and Ayn (Khatumo-SSC) between the self-declared state of Somaliland and the Puntland region of Somalia.

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Qardho

Qardho (Qardho, قرضو), also known as Gardo, is a city in the northeastern Bari region of Somalia.

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Qardho Airport

Qardho Airport, also known as Gardo Airport, is an airport serving Qardho, a town in the northeastern Bari region of Somalia.

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Radio Gaalkacyo

Radio Gaalkacyo is a radio station based in Galkayo, Somalia.

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Radio Garowe

Radio Garowe is a radio station based in Garowe, the administrative capital of the autonomous Puntland region in northeastern Somalia.

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Range Resources

Range Resources Corporation is a petroleum and natural gas exploration and production company organized in Delaware and headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas.

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Ras al-Khaimah

Ras al-Khaimah (رأس الخيمة), historically known as Julfar, is one of the seven emirates that make up the United Arab Emirates (UAE).Its name could be taken to mean "headland of the small huts", which can be attributed to the indigenous buildings that existed along the coast.

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Said Hassan Shire

Said Hassan Shire (Siciid Xasan Shire, سعيد حسن شاير) is a Somalian politician.

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Said Mohamed Rage

Said Mohamed Rage (Siciid Maxamed Raage, سعيد محمد راجي) is a Somali politician.

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Sanaag

Sanaag (Sanaag, سناج) is an administrative region (gobol) in northeastern Somaliland.

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Satellite television

Satellite television is a service that delivers television programming to viewers by relaying it from a communications satellite orbiting the Earth directly to the viewer's location.

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Secondary education

Secondary education covers two phases on the International Standard Classification of Education scale.

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Semi-arid climate

A semi-arid climate or steppe climate is the climate of a region that receives precipitation below potential evapotranspiration, but not as low as a desert climate.

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Somali Broadcasting Corporation

Somali Broadcasting Corporation (SBC) is a media group that operates in the Puntland region of Somalia, in particular the three main cities of Bossaso, Gardo and Garowe.

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Somali Civil War

The Somali Civil War (Dagaalkii Sokeeye ee Soomaaliya, الحرب الأهلية الصومالية) is an ongoing civil war taking place in Somalia.

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Somali language

Somali Retrieved on 21 September 2013 (Af-Soomaali) is an Afroasiatic language belonging to the Cushitic branch.

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Somali shilling

The Somali shilling (sign: Sh.So.; shilin; شلن; scellino; ISO 4217: SOS) is the official currency of Somalia.

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Somalia

Somalia (Soomaaliya; aṣ-Ṣūmāl), officially the Federal Republic of SomaliaThe Federal Republic of Somalia is the country's name per Article 1 of the.

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Somaliland

Somaliland (Somaliland; صوماليلاند, rtl), officially the Republic of Somaliland (Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland, جمهورية صوماليلاند Jumhūrīyat Ṣūmālīlānd), is a self-declared state internationally recognised as an autonomous region of Somalia.

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Somalis

Somalis (Soomaali, صوماليون) are an ethnic group inhabiting the Horn of Africa (Somali Peninsula).

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Sool, Somalia

Sool (Sool, سول) is an administrative region in Somalia.

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States and regions of Somalia

Somalia is a federal republic consisting of six states divided into eighteen administrative regions (gobollada, singular gobol), which in turn are subdivided into districts.

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Sultan

Sultan (سلطان) is a position with several historical meanings.

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Sultanate of Hobyo

The Sultanate of Hobyo (Saldanadda Hobyo, سلطنة هوبيو), also known as the Sultanate of Obbia,New International Encyclopedia, Volume 21, (Dodd, Mead: 1916), p.283.

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Surface water

Surface water is water on the surface of the planet such as in a river, lake, wetland, or ocean.

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Telcom (Somalia)

Telcom is a telecommunications network operator in Somalia.

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Telecommunication

Telecommunication is the transmission of signs, signals, messages, words, writings, images and sounds or information of any nature by wire, radio, optical or other electromagnetic systems.

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Telephone numbers in Somalia

To call in Somalia, the following format is used.

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Tertiary education

Tertiary education, also referred to as third stage, third level, and postsecondary education, is the educational level following the completion of a school providing a secondary education.

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The Age

The Age is a daily newspaper that has been published in Melbourne, Australia, since 1854.

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Togdheer

Togdheer (Togdheer, تُوجدَير) is an administrative region (gobol) in central Somaliland.

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Transitional Federal Charter of the Somali Republic

The Transitional Federal Charter of the Somali Republic (TFC) was the principle organizing document of Somalia.

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Trust Territory of Somaliland

The Trust Territory of Somaliland (officially, the "Trust Territory of Somaliland under Italian administration") was a United Nations Trust Territory situated in present-day northeastern, central and southern Somalia.

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Ulama

The Arabic term ulama (علماء., singular عالِم, "scholar", literally "the learned ones", also spelled ulema; feminine: alimah and uluma), according to the Encyclopedia of Islam (2000), in its original meaning "denotes scholars of almost all disciplines".

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Umrah

The ʿUmrah (عُمرَة) is an Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca, Hijaz, Saudi Arabia, performed by Muslims that can be undertaken at any time of the year, in contrast to the Ḥajj (حَـجّ) which has specific dates according to the Islamic lunar calendar.

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United Arab Emirates

The United Arab Emirates (UAE; دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة), sometimes simply called the Emirates (الإمارات), is a federal absolute monarchy sovereign state in Western Asia at the southeast end of the Arabian Peninsula on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman to the east and Saudi Arabia to the south, as well as sharing maritime borders with Qatar to the west and Iran to the north.

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United Arab Emirates dirham

The United Arab Emirates dirham (درهم, sign: د.إ; code: AED), also known as simply the Emirati dirham, is the currency of the United Arab Emirates.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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Vocational education

Vocational education is education that prepares people to work in various jobs, such as a trade, a craft, or as a technician.

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Warsangali

The Warsangali (Qabiilka Warsangeli; قبيلة أوسنجلي.), (also Moorasaante/Awrkii Cirka, Warsengeli, Warsingeli, Oor Singally) is a Somali clan, part of the Harti confederation of Darod sub-clans.

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Warsangali Sultanate

The Warsangali Sultanate (Saldanadda Warsangeli, سلطنة الورسنجلي) was a Somali Sultanate ruling house centered in northeastern of Somalia.

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Water well

A water well is an excavation or structure created in the ground by digging, driving, boring, or drilling to access groundwater in underground aquifers.

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Yemen

Yemen (al-Yaman), officially known as the Republic of Yemen (al-Jumhūriyyah al-Yamaniyyah), is an Arab sovereign state in Western Asia at the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula.

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Yusuf Ali Kenadid

Yusuf Ali Kenadid (Yuusuf Cali Keenadiid) was a Somali Sultan.

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.so

.so is the internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Somalia.

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Redirects here:

Abdiqani Shancad, Buntlaand, Climate of Puntland, Communications in Puntland, Economy of Puntland, Geography of Puntland, Geography of puntland, History of Puntland, History of puntland, Politics of Puntland, Punt (region), Punt Land, Puntite, Puntland State of Somalia, Puntlander, Regions of Puntland, Republic of Puntland State of Somalia, State of Puntland, Telecommunications in Puntland, Transport in Puntland, West puntland state.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Puntland

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