273 relations: Aigüestortes i Estany de Sant Maurici National Park, Albera Massif, Almogavars, Alp 2500, Alpine skiing, Alps, Andorra, Aneto, Anophthalmus, Apiaceae, Aragon, Aragonese language, Aranese dialect, Arenaria montana, Arette, Ariège (department), Aspe peak, Aspe Valley, Astún, Aude, Autumn, Ax-les-Thermes, Épaule du Marboré, Bagnères-de-Bigorre, Bagnères-de-Luchon, Balaïtous, Baqueira-Beret, Base level, Basque Country (autonomous community), Basque Country (greater region), Basque language, Basque Mountains, Bay of Biscay, Béarn, Bebrycius, Besiberri Massif, Bielsa, Bisaurin, Boí Taüll Resort, Bourg-d'Oueil, Brown bear, Campagne-sur-Aude, Campbieil, Candanchú, Canigou, Cap de Creus, Cape Higuer, Cascade Peaks, Casque du Marboré, Catalan language, ..., Catalonia, Cattle, Caucasus, Cauterets, Cave, Cádiz, Celts, Cerbillona, Cerler, Chicken, Cilindro de Marboré, Cirque, Cirque d'Estaubé, Cirque de Gavarnie, Clot de la Hount, Coal, Col de Puymorens, Col du Pourtalet, Colchicum bulbocodium, Collarada, Coma Pedrosa, Comaloforno, Compression (geology), Corbières Massif, Cretaceous, Crown of Aragon, Demonym, Departments of France, Desman, Diodorus Siculus, Eaux-Chaudes, El Pas de la Casa, Endemism, Eocene, Eponym, Erosion, Espadas Peak, Espot Esquí, Europe, European route E09, Fauna, Fenouillèdes, Folklore, Font-Romeu-Odeillo-Via, Foothills, Formigal Ski Resort, Fos, Haute-Garonne, France, Gallia Narbonensis, Gascon language, Gavarnie Falls, Gave (placename element), Gave de Pau, Geryon, Gipuzkoa, Glacial period, Glacier, Gneiss, Gourette, GR 10 (France), GR 11 (Spain), Grand Quayrat, Grande Fache, Granite, Greek historiography, Greek mythology, Guzet-Neige, Hautacam, Haute Randonnée Pyrénéenne, Haute-Garonne, Hautes-Pyrénées, Herblay, Hercules, Herodotus, Horse, Hospitality, Hot spring, Iberian Peninsula, Iron, Kingdom of Aragon, Kingdom of Navarre, La Molina (ski resort), La Mongie, Labours of Hercules, Languedocien dialect, Larrun, Leibniz Institute of European History, Les Angles, Pyrénées-Orientales, Les Escaldes, Lignite, Limestone, Long-distance trail, Lusitania, Luz Ardiden, Luzenac, Maladeta, Marca Hispanica, Mediterranean Sea, Mesa de los Tres Reyes, Mesozoic, Microstate, Mineral spring, Miocene, Mont Valier, Montcalm Massif, Monte Perdido, Mountain pass, Mountain range, Mountaineering, Mushing, Natural border, Navarre, Northern Catalonia, Occitan language, Occitania, Ordesa y Monte Perdido National Park, Ordino, Ore, Paleozoic, Panticosa, Panticosa-Los Lagos, Peña Montañesa, Pedraforca, Peneplain, Perdiguero, Petit Vignemale, Peyragudes, Physical geography, Pic d'Anie, Pic d'Orhy, Pic de la Munia, Pic de Madrès, Pic de Marboré, Pic de Maupas, Pic de Montcalm, Pic de Montferrat, Pic de Néouvielle, Pic de Sanfonts, Pic del Port Vell, Pic dels Aspres, Pic des Spijeoles, Pic du Gar, Pic du Midi d'Ossau, Pic du Midi de Bigorre, Pic du Taillon, Pic Long, Pic Ramougn, Pic Schrader, Pic Verdaguer, Pica d'Estats, Pico Posets, Pig, Piton Carré, Pliny the Elder, Pointe Chausenque, Port Ainé, Port de la Bonaigua, Port del Comte (ski resort), Posets-Maladeta Natural Park, Pre-Pyrenees, Precipitation, Principality of Catalonia, Province of Barcelona, Province of Girona, Province of Huesca, Province of Lleida, Provinces of Spain, Puigmal, Pyrénées National Park, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Pyrénées-Orientales, Pyrene (mythology), Pyrenean desman, Pyrenean ibex, Pyrenees, Quest, Ranunculus glacialis, Rennes-les-Bains, Roland, Roland's Breach, Roman roads, Roussillon, Salamander, Saxifraga, Scandinavia, Seafloor spreading, Sediment, Sedimentary rock, Segre (river), Serre Mourene, Sheep, Silius Italicus, Skiing, Slovenia, Soldeu, Somport, Soum de Ramond, Spain, Strabo, Sub-Pyrenees, Sulfur, Summer, Superbagnères, Talc, Tavascan, Têt (river), Tour de France, Tour du Marboré, Transhumance, Trois Conseillers, Tuc de Molières, Turon de Néouvielle, Txamantxoia, Urkulu, Val d'Aran, Vall de Núria, Vallnord, Vallter 2000, Vicdessos, Vielha Tunnel, Vignemale, Vuelta a España, Waterfall. Expand index (223 more) » « Shrink index
Aigüestortes i Estany de Sant Maurici National Park (Parc Nacional d'Aigüestortes i Estany de Sant Maurici), is one of the fourteen Spanish national parks, and the only one located in Catalonia.
The Albera Massif (Serra de l'Albera) (Massif des Albères) is a mountain range located in the south of Pyrénées-Orientales and the north of Catalonia, between France and Spain.
Almogavars (almogávares, almugávares, almogàvers and almogávares) is the name of a class of soldier from many Christian Iberian kingdoms in the later phases of the Reconquista, during the 13th and 14th centuries.
Alp 2500 is a ski resort in La Cerdanya, Catalonia, in the Pyrenees mountains of northeastern Spain.
Alpine skiing, or downhill skiing, is the pastime of sliding down snow-covered slopes on skis with fixed-heel bindings, unlike other types of skiing (cross-country, Telemark, or ski jumping) which use skis with free-heel bindings.
The Alps (Alpes; Alpen; Alpi; Alps; Alpe) are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe,The Caucasus Mountains are higher, and the Urals longer, but both lie partly in Asia.
Andorra, officially the Principality of Andorra (Principat d'Andorra), also called the Principality of the Valleys of Andorra (Principat de les Valls d'Andorra), is a sovereign landlocked microstate on the Iberian Peninsula, in the eastern Pyrenees, bordered by France in the north and Spain in the south.
Aneto is the highest mountain in the Pyrenees and in Aragon, and Spain's third-highest mountain, reaching a height of.
Anophthalmus is a genus of ground beetle endemic to Europe.
Apiaceae or Umbelliferae, is a family of mostly aromatic flowering plants named after the type genus Apium and commonly known as the celery, carrot or parsley family, or simply as umbellifers.
Aragon (or, Spanish and Aragón, Aragó or) is an autonomous community in Spain, coextensive with the medieval Kingdom of Aragon.
Aragonese (aragonés in Aragonese) is a Romance language spoken in several dialects by 10,000 to 30,000 people in the Pyrenees valleys of Aragon, Spain, primarily in the comarcas of Somontano de Barbastro, Jacetania, Alto Gállego, Sobrarbe, and Ribagorza/Ribagorça.
Aranese (Aranés) is a standardized form of the Pyrenean Gascon variety of the Occitan language spoken in the Val d'Aran, in northwestern Catalonia close to the Spanish border with France, where it is one of the three official languages beside Catalan and Spanish.
Arenaria montana, the mountain sandwort, is a species of flowering plant in the family Caryophyllaceae, native to mountainous regions of southwestern Europe, from the Pyrenees to Portugal.
Arette (Areta in Occitan) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France.
Ariège (Arièja) is a department in the Occitanie region of southwestern France named after the Ariège River.
Aspe peak (also known as Pico de la Garganta de Aísa) is a mountain in the western Pyrenees of Huesca; which is situated on the west side of the Aragon Valley near the towns of Villanúa (to the south) and Canfranc (to the east).
The Aspe Valley is a valley in the French part of the Pyrenees, department of Pyrénées-Atlantiques.
Astún is a ski resort situated near the town of Canfranc in the High Aragon of the western Pyrenees (province of Huesca, Spain).
Aude is a department in south-central France named after the river Aude.
Autumn, also known as fall in American and Canadian English, is one of the four temperate seasons.
Ax-les-Thermes (Acs) is a commune in the Ariège department in the Occitanie region of south-western France.
Épaule du Marboré is a pyrenean summit, culminating at in the Monte Perdido Range, marking the Franco-Spanish border.
Bagnères-de-Bigorre (Banhèras de Bigòrra) is a commune and subprefecture of the Hautes-Pyrénées Department in the Occitanie region of southwestern France.
Bagnères-de-Luchon (Banhèras de Luishon), also referred to as Luchon, is a French commune and spa town in the Haute-Garonne department in the Occitanie region of south-western France.
The Balaitús (Spanish) or Pic du Balaïtous (French) (Pico Os Moros; Vathleitosa) is a granitic massif of the Pyrenees, located right on the border between Spain and France.
Baqueira-Beret is a ski resort located in the heart of the Pyrenees, in the Aran Valley and Àneu Valley Lleida, Spain.
In geology and geomorphology a base level is the lower limit for an erosion process.
The Basque Country (Euskadi; País Vasco; Pays Basque), officially the Basque Autonomous Community (Euskal Autonomia Erkidegoa, EAE; Comunidad Autónoma Vasca, CAV) is an autonomous community in northern Spain.
The Basque Country (Euskal Herria; Pays basque; Vasconia, País Vasco) is the name given to the home of the Basque people.
Basque (euskara) is a language spoken in the Basque country and Navarre. Linguistically, Basque is unrelated to the other languages of Europe and, as a language isolate, to any other known living language. The Basques are indigenous to, and primarily inhabit, the Basque Country, a region that straddles the westernmost Pyrenees in adjacent parts of northern Spain and southwestern France. The Basque language is spoken by 28.4% of Basques in all territories (751,500). Of these, 93.2% (700,300) are in the Spanish area of the Basque Country and the remaining 6.8% (51,200) are in the French portion. Native speakers live in a contiguous area that includes parts of four Spanish provinces and the three "ancient provinces" in France. Gipuzkoa, most of Biscay, a few municipalities of Álava, and the northern area of Navarre formed the core of the remaining Basque-speaking area before measures were introduced in the 1980s to strengthen the language. By contrast, most of Álava, the western part of Biscay and central and southern areas of Navarre are predominantly populated by native speakers of Spanish, either because Basque was replaced by Spanish over the centuries, in some areas (most of Álava and central Navarre), or because it was possibly never spoken there, in other areas (Enkarterri and southeastern Navarre). Under Restorationist and Francoist Spain, public use of Basque was frowned upon, often regarded as a sign of separatism; this applied especially to those regions that did not support Franco's uprising (such as Biscay or Gipuzkoa). However, in those Basque-speaking regions that supported the uprising (such as Navarre or Álava) the Basque language was more than merely tolerated. Overall, in the 1960s and later, the trend reversed and education and publishing in Basque began to flourish. As a part of this process, a standardised form of the Basque language, called Euskara Batua, was developed by the Euskaltzaindia in the late 1960s. Besides its standardised version, the five historic Basque dialects are Biscayan, Gipuzkoan, and Upper Navarrese in Spain, and Navarrese–Lapurdian and Souletin in France. They take their names from the historic Basque provinces, but the dialect boundaries are not congruent with province boundaries. Euskara Batua was created so that Basque language could be used—and easily understood by all Basque speakers—in formal situations (education, mass media, literature), and this is its main use today. In both Spain and France, the use of Basque for education varies from region to region and from school to school. A language isolate, Basque is believed to be one of the few surviving pre-Indo-European languages in Europe, and the only one in Western Europe. The origin of the Basques and of their languages is not conclusively known, though the most accepted current theory is that early forms of Basque developed prior to the arrival of Indo-European languages in the area, including the Romance languages that geographically surround the Basque-speaking region. Basque has adopted a good deal of its vocabulary from the Romance languages, and Basque speakers have in turn lent their own words to Romance speakers. The Basque alphabet uses the Latin script.
The Basque Mountains (Montes vascos; Euskal Herriko arkua, "Basque arc") are a mountain range situated in the northern Iberian Peninsula.
The Bay of Biscay (Golfe de Gascogne, Golfo de Vizcaya, Pleg-mor Gwaskogn, Bizkaiko Golkoa) is a gulf of the northeast Atlantic Ocean located south of the Celtic Sea.
Béarn (Gascon: Bearn or Biarn; Bearno or Biarno) is one of the traditional provinces of France, located in the Pyrenees mountains and in the plain at their feet, in southwest France.
Bebrycius or Bebryx, in Greek mythology, was a king and the father of Pyrene.
Besiberri Massif (Massís del Besiberri) is a mountain massif of the central area of the Pyrenees, Lleida, Catalonia, Spain.
Bielsa is a municipality located in the province of Huesca, Aragon, Spain.
Bisaurin (Bisaurín; Bisaurín), or less frequently Visaurin, is a mountain on the Spanish side of the Pyrenees, located in the northwest of Jacetania comarca, in Aragon.
Boí Taüll Resort is a ski resort located in the heart of the Pyrenees, in the Vall de Boí, Catalonia (Spain), opened in 1988.
Bourg-d'Oueil is a commune in the Haute-Garonne department in southwestern France.
The brown bear (Ursus arctos) is a bear that is found across much of northern Eurasia and North America.
Campagne-sur-Aude (Campanha) is a commune in the Aude department in southern France.
The Campbieil is a summit in the French Pyrenees, culminating at a height of.
Candanchú is a ski resort situated near the town of Canfranc in the High Aragon of the western Pyrenees (province of Huesca, Spain).
The Canigou (Canigó,; el. 2,784.66 m./9137 ft.) is a mountain located in the Pyrenees of southern France.
Cap de Creus is a peninsula and a headland located at the far northeast of Catalonia, some south from the French border.
The Cape Higuer (Higer lurmuturra) is a cape on the Bay of Biscay standing out at the end of the mountain range Jaizkibel by the Spanish-French border in the municipality of Hondarribia (4 km away from the town centre).
The Cascade Peaks are three summits in the Monte Perdido Range of the Pyrenees, culminating at on the eastern peak.
The Casque du Marboré, or Casque de Gavarnie or simply le Casque, is a pyrenean summit, culminating at, located on the crest of three-thousanders in the Monte Perdido Range above Cirque de Gavarnie on the Franco-Spanish border.
Catalan (autonym: català) is a Western Romance language derived from Vulgar Latin and named after the medieval Principality of Catalonia, in northeastern modern Spain.
Catalonia (Catalunya, Catalonha, Cataluña) is an autonomous community in Spain on the northeastern extremity of the Iberian Peninsula, designated as a nationality by its Statute of Autonomy.
Cattle—colloquially cows—are the most common type of large domesticated ungulates.
The Caucasus or Caucasia is a region located at the border of Europe and Asia, situated between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea and occupied by Russia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Armenia.
Cauterets (in Occitan Cautarés, in Catalan Cautarés, in Aragonese Cautarès) is a spa town, a ski resort and a commune in the Hautes-Pyrénées department and the region of Occitanie in south-western France.
A cave is a hollow place in the ground, specifically a natural space large enough for a human to enter.
Cádiz (see other pronunciations below) is a city and port in southwestern Spain.
The Celts (see pronunciation of ''Celt'' for different usages) were an Indo-European people in Iron Age and Medieval Europe who spoke Celtic languages and had cultural similarities, although the relationship between ethnic, linguistic and cultural factors in the Celtic world remains uncertain and controversial.
The Cerbillona, culminating at in the massif du Vignemale, constitutes the south-western high fringe of the glacier d'Ossoue with the Pic central (3,235 m) and the Clot de la Hount (3,289 m).
Cerler, officially called Aramón Cerler, is a ski resort situated above the village of Cerler in the high Benasque Valley, near the town of Benasque in the central Pyrenees (province of Huesca, Spain).
The chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) is a type of domesticated fowl, a subspecies of the red junglefowl.
Cilindro de Marboré (3,328 m) (also known as Pico Cilindro and Pic du Cylindre) is a mountain in the Monte Perdido massif in the Pyrenees.
Two cirques with semi-permanent snowpatches near Abisko National Park, Sweden A cirque (French, from the Latin word circus) is an amphitheatre-like valley formed by glacial erosion.
The Cirque d'Estaubé is a cirque in the central Pyrenees in the Pyrenees National Park, forming the frontier between France and Spain.
The Cirque de Gavarnie is a cirque in the central Pyrenees, in Southwestern France, close to the border of Spain.
The Clot de la Hount or pic du clot de la Hount is a summit of the Pyrenees, located on the Franco-Spanish border in the Vignemale Massif, of which it is the second highest summit in the range, at 3,289 m, after Pique Longue (3,298 m).
Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock usually occurring in rock strata in layers or veins called coal beds or coal seams.
The Col de Puymorens is a mountain pass in the French Pyrenees, connecting Foix to Cerdagne.
The Col du Pourtalet, El Portalet or Portalet d'Aneu is a mountain pass and border crossing in the Pyrenees, between France and Spain.
Colchicum bulbocodium, the spring meadow saffron, is a species of alpine bulbs native to mountain ranges across Europe from the Pyrenees to the Caucasus (Spain, France, Italy, Switzerland, Austria, Hungary, Romania, the former Yugoslavia, Ukraine, southern European Russia).
Collarada peak is a mountain in the western Pyrenees of Huesca, situated on the northeastern Aragon near the towns of Villanúa (to the south) and Canfranc (to the west).
Coma Pedrosa is the highest mountain in the principality of Andorra.
Comaloforno is a mountain of the Pyrenees, Lleida, Catalonia, Spain.
In geology, the term compression refers to a set of stress directed toward the center of a rock mass.
The Corbières Massif (Catalan: Corberes; Massif des Corbières) is a mountain range in the Pre-Pyrenees.
The Cretaceous is a geologic period and system that spans 79 million years from the end of the Jurassic Period million years ago (mya) to the beginning of the Paleogene Period mya.
The Crown of Aragon (Corona d'Aragón, Corona d'Aragó, Corona de Aragón),Corona d'AragónCorona AragonumCorona de Aragón) also referred by some modern historians as Catalanoaragonese Crown (Corona catalanoaragonesa) or Catalan-Aragonese Confederation (Confederació catalanoaragonesa) was a composite monarchy, also nowadays referred to as a confederation of individual polities or kingdoms ruled by one king, with a personal and dynastic union of the Kingdom of Aragon and the County of Barcelona. At the height of its power in the 14th and 15th centuries, the Crown of Aragon was a thalassocracy (a state with primarily maritime realms) controlling a large portion of present-day eastern Spain, parts of what is now southern France, and a Mediterranean "empire" which included the Balearic Islands, Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta, Southern Italy (from 1442) and parts of Greece (until 1388). The component realms of the Crown were not united politically except at the level of the king, who ruled over each autonomous polity according to its own laws, raising funds under each tax structure, dealing separately with each Corts or Cortes. Put in contemporary terms, it has sometimes been considered that the different lands of the Crown of Aragon (mainly the Kingdom of Aragon, the Principality of Catalonia and the Kingdom of Valencia) functioned more as a confederation than as a single kingdom. In this sense, the larger Crown of Aragon must not be confused with one of its constituent parts, the Kingdom of Aragon, from which it takes its name. In 1469, a new dynastic familial union of the Crown of Aragon with the Crown of Castile by the Catholic Monarchs, joining what contemporaries referred to as "the Spains" led to what would become the Kingdom of Spain under King Philip II. The Crown existed until it was abolished by the Nueva Planta decrees issued by King Philip V in 1716 as a consequence of the defeat of Archduke Charles (as Charles III of Aragon) in the War of the Spanish Succession.
A demonym (δῆμος dẽmos "people, tribe", ὄόνομα ónoma "name") is a word that identifies residents or natives of a particular place, which is derived from the name of that particular place.
In the administrative divisions of France, the department (département) is one of the three levels of government below the national level ("territorial collectivities"), between the administrative regions and the commune.
The desman, a snouted and naked-tailed diving insectivore of the tribe Desmanini, belongs to one of two Eurasian species of the mole family, Talpidae.
Diodorus Siculus (Διόδωρος Σικελιώτης Diodoros Sikeliotes) (1st century BC) or Diodorus of Sicily was a Greek historian.
Eaux-Chaudes is a spa in the valley of the Gave d'Ossau in the French Pyrenees.
El Pas de la Casa (Le Pas de la Case) is a ski resort (part of the Grandvalira resort), town, and mountain pass in the Encamp parish of Andorra, lying on the border with France.
Endemism is the ecological state of a species being unique to a defined geographic location, such as an island, nation, country or other defined zone, or habitat type; organisms that are indigenous to a place are not endemic to it if they are also found elsewhere.
The Eocene Epoch, lasting from, is a major division of the geologic timescale and the second epoch of the Paleogene Period in the Cenozoic Era.
An eponym is a person, place, or thing after whom or after which something is named, or believed to be named.
In earth science, erosion is the action of surface processes (such as water flow or wind) that remove soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the Earth's crust, and then transport it to another location (not to be confused with weathering which involves no movement).
The Espadas Peak (Pico Espadas or Pico de la Espada) is a mountain on the Spanish side of the Pyrenees, in Grist, Sahún municipality, in the North of Ribagorza comarca, Aragon.
Espot Esquí is a ski resort located in Espot, in the Catalan Pyrenees, opened in 1967.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
The European route E 09 is part of the United Nations international E-road network.
Fauna is all of the animal life of any particular region or time.
Fenouillèdes (Fenolhedés/Fenolheda; Fenolledès/Fenolleda) is a French comarca and a traditional Occitan-speaking area in the département of Pyrénées-Orientales.
Folklore is the expressive body of culture shared by a particular group of people; it encompasses the traditions common to that culture, subculture or group.
Font-Romeu-Odeillo-Via, or simply Odeillo, is a commune in the Pyrénées-Orientales and Cerdagne near the Spanish border in the south of France.
Foothills are geographically defined as gradual increase in elevation at the base of a mountain range, higher hill range or an upland area.
Formigal, officially Aramón Formigal, is a ski resort in the Aragon Pyrenees of northeastern Spain, near the town of Sallent de Gallego in the upper Tena Valley in the province of Huesca.
Fos is a commune in the Haute-Garonne department in southwestern France.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Gallia Narbonensis (Latin for "Gaul of Narbonne", from its chief settlement) was a Roman province located in what is now Languedoc and Provence, in southern France.
Gascon is a dialect of Occitan.
The Gavarnie Falls (French: Grande Cascade de Gavarnie) is a tiered waterfall in France.
The French word gave is a generic name referring to torrential rivers, in the west side of the Pyrenees.
The Gave de Pau is a river of south-western France.
In Greek mythology, Geryon (or;. Collins English Dictionary also Geryone; Γηρυών,Also Γηρυόνης (Gēryonēs) and Γηρυονεύς (Gēryoneus). genitive: Γηρυόνος), son of Chrysaor and Callirrhoe, the grandson of Medusa and the nephew of Pegasus, was a fearsome giant who dwelt on the island Erytheia of the mythic Hesperides in the far west of the Mediterranean.
Gipuzkoa (in Guipúzcoa) is a province of Spain and a historical territory of the autonomous community of the Basque Country.
A glacial period (alternatively glacial or glaciation) is an interval of time (thousands of years) within an ice age that is marked by colder temperatures and glacier advances.
A glacier is a persistent body of dense ice that is constantly moving under its own weight; it forms where the accumulation of snow exceeds its ablation (melting and sublimation) over many years, often centuries.
Gneiss is a common distributed type of rock formed by high-grade regional metamorphic processes from pre-existing formations that were originally either igneous or sedimentary rocks.
Gourette is a winter sports resort in the French Pyrenees.
The GR 10 is a French GR footpath, or hiking trail, that runs the length of the Pyrenees Mountains.
The GR 11, also known as the ruta Transpirenaica in Spain, is part of the extensive GR footpath network of paths, tracks and trails.
The pic du Grand Quayrat is a French pyrenean summit, culminating at in the vallée d'Oô (commune d'Oô near Bagnères-de-Luchon in the Haute-Garonne department, Midi-Pyrénées region).
La Grande Fache, Gran Facha or Cuspide de Bachimaña is a summit in the Pyrenees, culminating at 3,005 m, situated on the French-Spanish border and on the pyrenean watershed.
Granite is a common type of felsic intrusive igneous rock that is granular and phaneritic in texture.
Greek historiography refers to Hellenic efforts to track and record history.
Greek mythology is the body of myths and teachings that belong to the ancient Greeks, concerning their gods and heroes, the nature of the world, and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices.
Guzet-Neige is a ski resort situated in the Haute-Ariège area of the Ariège department in the French Pyrénées.
Hautacam is a ski resort in the Pyrenees.
The Haute Randonnée Pyrénéenne (HRP) is a high level long-distance trail in the Pyrenees joining the Atlantic and Mediterranean.
Haute-Garonne (Nauta Garona; Upper Garonne) is a department in the southwest of France named after the Garonne river.
Hautes-Pyrénées (Gascon/Occitan: Nauts Pirenèus / Hauts Pirenèus; Altos Pirineos; Alts Pirineus) is a department in southwestern France.
Herblay is a commune in the department of Val-d'Oise, France.
Hercules is a Roman hero and god.
Herodotus (Ἡρόδοτος, Hêródotos) was a Greek historian who was born in Halicarnassus in the Persian Empire (modern-day Bodrum, Turkey) and lived in the fifth century BC (484– 425 BC), a contemporary of Thucydides, Socrates, and Euripides.
The horse (Equus ferus caballus) is one of two extant subspecies of ''Equus ferus''.
Hospitality refers to the relationship between a guest and a host, wherein the host receives the guest with goodwill, including the reception and entertainment of guests, visitors, or strangers.
A hot spring is a spring produced by the emergence of geothermally heated groundwater that rises from the Earth's crust.
The Iberian Peninsula, also known as Iberia, is located in the southwest corner of Europe.
Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe (from ferrum) and atomic number 26.
The Kingdom of Aragon (Reino d'Aragón, Regne d'Aragó, Regnum Aragonum, Reino de Aragón) was a medieval and early modern kingdom on the Iberian Peninsula, corresponding to the modern-day autonomous community of Aragon, in Spain.
The Kingdom of Navarre (Nafarroako Erresuma, Reino de Navarra, Royaume de Navarre, Regnum Navarrae), originally the Kingdom of Pamplona (Iruñeko Erresuma), was a Basque-based kingdom that occupied lands on either side of the western Pyrenees, alongside the Atlantic Ocean between present-day Spain and France.
La Molina is a ski resort in the Pyrenees mountains of northeastern Spain, in the municipality of Alp in the comarca of Cerdanya in Girona, Catalonia.
The village of La Mongie is at altitude.
--> The Twelve Labours of Heracles or of Hercules (ἆθλοι, hoi Hērakleous athloi) are a series of episodes concerning a penance carried out by Heracles, the greatest of the Greek heroes, whose name was later Romanised as Hercules.
Languedocien (French name) or Lengadocian (native name) is an Occitan dialect spoken in rural parts of southern France such as Languedoc, Rouergue, Quercy, Agenais and Southern Périgord.
Larrun (modern French: La Rhune, IPA:, - 'good pasture', possibly a folk etymology, in French until the 20th century: Larhune) is a mountain (905 m) at the western end of the Pyrenees.
The Leibniz Institute of European History (IEG) in Mainz, Germany, is an independent, public research institute that carries out and promotes historical research on the foundations of Europe in the early and late Modern period.
Les Angles (Els Angles) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Orientales department in southern France.
Les Escaldes or briefly Escaldes is an urban area in Escaldes-Engordany parish, Andorra.
Lignite, often referred to as brown coal, is a soft, brown, combustible, sedimentary rock formed from naturally compressed peat.
Limestone is a sedimentary rock, composed mainly of skeletal fragments of marine organisms such as coral, forams and molluscs.
A long-distance trail (or long-distance track, path, footpath or greenway) is a longer recreational trail mainly through rural areas, used for non-motorized recreational walking, backpacking, cycling, horse riding or cross-country skiing.
Lusitania (Lusitânia; Lusitania) or Hispania Lusitana was an ancient Iberian Roman province located where most of modern Portugal (south of the Douro river) and part of western Spain (the present autonomous community of Extremadura and a part of the province of Salamanca) lie.
Luz Ardiden is a ski resort in the Pyrenees.
Luzenac is a commune in the Ariège department in southwestern France.
Maladeta (3,312 m) is a mountain in the Pyrenees, close to the highest peak in the range, Aneto.
The Marca Hispanica (Marca Hispánica, Marca Hispànica, Aragonese and Marca Hispanica, Hispaniako Marka, Marche d'Espagne), also known as the March of Barcelona, was a military buffer zone beyond the former province of Septimania, created by Charlemagne in 795 as a defensive barrier between the Umayyad Moors of Al-Andalus and the Frankish Carolingian Empire (Duchy of Gascony, the Duchy of Aquitaine and Carolingian Septimania).
The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa and on the east by the Levant.
Mesa de los Tres Reyes (Basque: Hiru Erregeen Mahaia, Roncalese Basque: Iror Errege Maia, Aragonese: Meseta d'os Tres Reis, Gascon: Tabla d'eths Tros Rouyes, French: Table des Trois Rois) is a mountain of the Pyrenees.
The Mesozoic Era is an interval of geological time from about.
A microstate or ministate is a sovereign state having a very small population or very small land area, and usually both.
Mineral springs are naturally occurring springs that produce water containing minerals, or other dissolved substances, that alter its taste or give it a purported therapeutic value.
The Miocene is the first geological epoch of the Neogene Period and extends from about (Ma).
Mont Valier (Languedocien: Mont Valièr) (2,838 m) is a mountain of the Pyrenees in Ariège, France.
The Montcalm Massif (Massif du Montcalm, Massís del Montcalm) is a mountain massif located in the Pyrenees, at the border between France and Spain, it has an altitude of 3077 metres above sea level.
Monte Perdido (in Spanish; Mont Perdu in French; Mont Perdito in Aragonese; Mont Perdut in Catalan, all four meaning lost mountain) is the third highest mountain in the Pyrenees.
A mountain pass is a navigable route through a mountain range or over a ridge.
A mountain range or hill range is a series of mountains or hills ranged in a line and connected by high ground.
Mountaineering is the sport of mountain climbing.
Mushing is a sport or transport method powered by dogs.
A natural border is a border between states or their subdivisions which is concomitant with natural formations such as rivers, mountain ranges, or deserts.
Navarre (Navarra, Nafarroa; Navarra), officially the Chartered Community of Navarre (Spanish: Comunidad Foral de Navarra; Basque: Nafarroako Foru Komunitatea), is an autonomous community and province in northern Spain, bordering the Basque Autonomous Community, La Rioja, and Aragon in Spain and Nouvelle-Aquitaine in France.
Northern Catalonia (Catalunya del Nord, also known as Catalunya Nord Catalogne Nord), French Catalonia or Roussillon refers to the Catalan-speaking and Catalan-culture territory ceded to France by Spain through the signing of the Treaty of the Pyrenees in 1659 in exchange of France's effective renunciation on the formal protection given to the recent founded Catalan Republic.
Occitan, also known as lenga d'òc (langue d'oc) by its native speakers, is a Romance language.
Occitania (Occitània,,,, or) is the historical region and a nation, in southern Europe where Occitan was historically the main language spoken, and where it is sometimes still used, for the most part as a second language.
Ordesa y Monte Perdido National Park (Parque nacional de Ordesa y Monte Perdido) is an IUCN Category II National Park situated in the Pyrenees of Huesca province, Aragon, Spain.
Ordino is the most northerly parish in the Principality of Andorra.
An ore is an occurrence of rock or sediment that contains sufficient minerals with economically important elements, typically metals, that can be economically extracted from the deposit.
The Paleozoic (or Palaeozoic) Era (from the Greek palaios (παλαιός), "old" and zoe (ζωή), "life", meaning "ancient life") is the earliest of three geologic eras of the Phanerozoic Eon.
Panticosa (in Aragonese: Pandicosa) is a municipality located in the province of Huesca, Aragon, Spain.
Panticosa-Los Lagos, officially called Aramón Panticosa, is a ski resort situated near the town of Panticosa in the upper Tena Valley of the western Pyrenees (province of Huesca, Spain).
The Peña Montañesa (Penya Montanyesa) is a conspicuous rocky mountainous outcrop of the Pre-Pyrenees.
Pedraforca is a mountain in the Pre-Pyrenees, located in the comarca of Berguedà.
In geomorphology and geology a peneplain is a low-relief plain formed by protracted erosion.
Perdiguero is a Pyrenean summit, culminating at, located on the French-Spanish border.
The Petit Vignemale is a summit in the French Pyrenees in the massif du Vignemale.
Peyragudes is a large ski resort in the French Pyrenees, situated in the departments of Hautes-Pyrénées and Haute-Garonne, in the Region of Occitanie.
Physical geography (also known as geosystems or physiography) is one of the two major sub-fields of geography.
Pic d'Anie (Basque Auñamendi) is a mountain of the Pyrenees in France, located close to the Spanish border.
Mount Orhy (French), also Ori or Orhi in Spanish and Basque, is a mountain at the border of Navarre and Soule, in the Pyrenees, and is high.
The Pic de la Munia culminating at is the highest point of the three cirques of Troumouse, Barroude and Barrosa.
Pic de Madrès is a peak in the French Pyrenees, in the Aude department, Languedoc-Roussillon.
Marboré Peak (Pic de Marboré, El Marboré) is a summit in the Pyrenees located on the Franco-Spanish border crest in the Monte Perdido Range.
The pic de Maupas is a central pyrenean summit, culminating at on the Franco-Spanish border.
Pic de Montcalm is a French pyrenean summit, culminating at, located in the Ariège department, Midi-Pyrénées region of France.
The Pic de Montferrat, culminating at, is a crest summit on the Franco-Spanish border, in the massif du Vignemale in the Pyrenees.
Pic de Néouvielle (3,091 m) is a mountain in the Néouvielle massif in the French Pyrenees.
Pic de Sanfonts is a mountain in the Pyrenees on the border of Spain and northwest Andorra.
Pic del Port Vell is a mountain in the Pyrenees on the border of Spain and northwest Andorra.
Pic dels Aspres is a mountain in the northwest of the principality of Andorra, close to the border with Spain.
The Pic des Spijeoles is a French pyrenean summit, culminating at.
Pic du Gar is a mountain of the Pyrenees.
The Pic du Midi d'Ossau (2,884 m) is a mountain rising above the Ossau Valley in the French Pyrenees.
The Pic du Midi de Bigorre or simply the Pic du Midi (altitude) is a mountain in the French Pyrenees famous for its Pic du Midi Observatory.
Pic du Taillon (in French) or Pico Taillón (in Spanish) is a summit in the Pyrenees, culminating at on the Franco-Spanish border in the Monte Perdido Range.
Pic Long (3,192 m) is the highest mountain in the Néouvielle massif in the Pyrenees.
Pic Ramougn (3,011 m) is a steep, rocky mountain in the Néouvielle massif in the Pyrenees.
The Pic Schrader or Grand Batchimale is a central pyrenean summit, culminating at, located for the most part in Spain.
Pic Verdaguer or Pic de Verdaguer is a mountain of the Montcalm Massif.
Pica d'Estats (Catalan: Pica d'Estats, French: Pic d'Estats) is a mountain in the Montcalm Massif, Pyrenees.
Pico Posets or Punta de Llardana is the second highest peak of the Pyrenees, after Aneto.
A pig is any of the animals in the genus Sus, within the even-toed ungulate family Suidae.
Le Piton Carré (3,197 m) is a summit in the French Pyrenees in the Massif du Vignemale, of which it constitutes the seventh highest peak.
Pliny the Elder (born Gaius Plinius Secundus, AD 23–79) was a Roman author, naturalist and natural philosopher, a naval and army commander of the early Roman Empire, and friend of emperor Vespasian.
La Pointe Chausenque, culminating at 3,204 m is a summit in the Massif du Vignemale in the French Pyrenees.
Port Ainé is a ski resort located in Rialp, in the Catalan Pyrenees, inaugurated in 1986.
Port de la Bonaigua (el. 2072 m., 6,798 ft) is a mountain pass in the Pyrenees in Catalonia, Spain.
Port del Comte is a ski resort in located in the Port del Comte mountain range, in the pre-Pyrenees, at the north of the Serra de Querol, in Catalonia, Spain.
The Natural Park of Posets-Maladeta is a Natural park located in northern Province of Huesca, Aragón, northeastern Spain.
The Pre-Pyrenees are the foothills of the Pyrenees.
In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity.
The Principality of Catalonia (Principat de Catalunya, Principatus Cathaloniæ, Principautat de Catalonha, Principado de Cataluña) was a medieval and early modern political entity or state in the northeastern Iberian Peninsula.
Barcelona is a province of eastern Spain, in the center of the autonomous community of Catalonia.
Girona (Gerona) is a province of Spain, in the northeastern part of the autonomous community of Catalonia.
Huesca (Uesca, Osca), officially Huesca/Uesca, is a province of northeastern Spain, in northern Aragon.
Monastery of Santa Maria de Bellpuig de les Avellanes. The Province of Lleida (Lérida; Lhèida) is one of the four provinces of Catalonia.
Spain and its autonomous communities are divided into fifty provinces (provincias,; sing. provincia).
The Peak of Puigmal, also called Puigmal d'Err, is a mountain in the Pyrenees, in the Spanish-French border, within the limits of the municipality of Queralbs and the commune of Err.
The Pyrénées National Park (Parc national des PyrénéesLe Parc national des Pyrénées (2014). Le Parc national des Pyrénées, un établissement public. Retrieved on 2014-04-19 from.) is a National Park of France located within the French departments of Hautes-Pyrénées and Pyrénées-Atlantiques.
Pyrénées-Atlantiques (Gascon: Pirenèus-Atlantics; Pirinio Atlantiarrak or Pirinio Atlantikoak) is a department in the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine, in southwestern France.
Pyrénées-Orientales (Pirineus Orientals; Pirenèus Orientals; "Eastern Pyrenees") is a department of southern France adjacent to the northern Spanish frontier and the Mediterranean Sea.
In Greek mythology, Pyrene (Πυρήνη) may refer to.
The Pyrenean desman (Galemys pyrenaicus) is a small semiaquatic, globally threatened mammal related to moles and shrews, and, along with the Russian desman (''Desmana moschata''), is one of the two extant members of the tribe Desmanini, Palmeirim, J. M., & Hoffmann, R. S. (1983).
The Pyrenean ibex (Capra pyrenaica pyrenaica), Spanish common name bucardo, Catalan common name herc and French common name bouquetin was one of the four subspecies of the Iberian ibex or Iberian wild goat, a species endemic to the Pyrenees.
The Pyrenees (Pirineos, Pyrénées, Pirineus, Pirineus, Pirenèus, Pirinioak) is a range of mountains in southwest Europe that forms a natural border between Spain and France.
A quest serves as a plot device in mythology and fiction: a difficult journey towards a goal, often symbolic or allegorical.
Ranunculus glacialis, the glacier buttercup or glacier crowfoot, is a plant of the family Ranunculaceae.
Rennes-les-Bains (Les Banhs de Rènnas) is a commune in the Aude department in southern France.
Roland (Frankish: *Hrōþiland; Latin: Hruodlandus, Rotholandus; died 15 August 778) was a Frankish military leader under Charlemagne who became one of the principal figures in the literary cycle known as the Matter of France.
Roland's Breach (La Brèche de Roland; La Brecha de Rolando; La Breca de Roldán; Errolanen Arraila; La Bretxa de Rotllà; Rolandsbresche) is the name of a natural gap, 40 m across and 100 m high, at an elevation of 2804 m in the Pyrenees on the border of Aragón, northern Spain, and Hautes-Pyrénées, France.
Roman roads (Latin: viae Romanae; singular: via Romana meaning "Roman way") were physical infrastructure vital to the maintenance and development of the Roman state, and were built from about 300 BC through the expansion and consolidation of the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire.
Roussillon (or;; Rosselló, Occitan: Rosselhon) is one of the historical counties of the former Principality of Catalonia, corresponding roughly to the present-day southern French département of Pyrénées-Orientales (Eastern Pyrenees).
Salamanders are a group of amphibians typically characterized by a lizard-like appearance, with slender bodies, blunt snouts, short limbs projecting at right angles to the body, and the presence of a tail in both larvae and adults.
Saxifraga is the largest genus in the family Saxifragaceae, containing about 440 species of holarctic perennial plants, known as saxifrages or rockfoils.
Scandinavia is a region in Northern Europe, with strong historical, cultural and linguistic ties.
Seafloor spreading is a process that occurs at mid-ocean ridges, where new oceanic crust is formed through volcanic activity and then gradually moves away from the ridge.
Sediment is a naturally occurring material that is broken down by processes of weathering and erosion, and is subsequently transported by the action of wind, water, or ice, and/or by the force of gravity acting on the particles.
Sedimentary rocks are types of rock that are formed by the deposition and subsequent cementation of that material at the Earth's surface and within bodies of water.
The Segre (Sègre) is a river tributary to the Ebro (Ebre in Catalan) with a basin comprising territories across three states: France, Andorra and Spain.
The Serre Mourene is a pyrenean summit, located on the Franco-Spanish border between the cirques of Troumouse and Barrosa, culminating at; it is the second highest summit of the massif de la Munia after the pic de la Munia.
Domestic sheep (Ovis aries) are quadrupedal, ruminant mammal typically kept as livestock.
Silius Italicus, in full Tiberius Catius Asconius Silius Italicus (c. 28 – c. 103), was a Roman consul, orator, and Latin epic poet of the 1st century AD (Silver Age of Latin literature).
Skiing can be a means of transport, a recreational activity or a competitive winter sport in which the participant uses skis to glide on snow.
Slovenia (Slovenija), officially the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene:, abbr.: RS), is a country in southern Central Europe, located at the crossroads of main European cultural and trade routes.
Soldeu is a village and ski resort in the parish of Canillo, Andorra.
Somport or Col du Somport, known also as the Aspe Pass or Canfranc Pass, (el. 1632 m.) is a mountain pass in the central Pyrenees on the border of France and Spain.
Soum de Ramond, also known as Pico de Añisclo in Spanish and Aragonese, is a mountain of 3,263 metres in the Monte Perdido massif in the Aragonese Pyrenees in northern Spain.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
Strabo (Στράβων Strábōn; 64 or 63 BC AD 24) was a Greek geographer, philosopher, and historian who lived in Asia Minor during the transitional period of the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire.
The Sub-Pyrenees (Subpirineu) are a mountainous region in Catalonia, Spain, forming a section of the southern foothills of the Pyrenees.
Sulfur or sulphur is a chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16.
Summer is the hottest of the four temperate seasons, falling after spring and before autumn.
Superbagnères is a ski resort above the town of Bagnères-de-Luchon in the French department of Haute-Garonne in the Midi-Pyrénées region.
Talc or talcum is a clay mineral composed of hydrated magnesium silicate with the chemical formula H2Mg3(SiO3)4 or Mg3Si4O10(OH)2.
Tavascan (Spanish: Tavascán, Catalan: Tavascan) is a village located in the province of Lleida in Catalonia, Spain.
The Têt (Tet) is the largest river in Pyrénées-Orientales, southwestern France.
The Tour de France is an annual male multiple stage bicycle race primarily held in France, while also occasionally making passes through nearby countries.
Tour du Marboré or Tour de Gavarnie is a pyrenean summit, culminating at, located on the Franco-Spanish border crest in the Monte Perdido Range.
Transhumance is a type of nomadism or pastoralism, a seasonal movement of people with their livestock between fixed summer and winter pastures.
The Trois Conseillers is a summit in the French Pyrenees, culminating at.
Tuc de Molières is a mountain located between Catalonia and Aragon, in Spain.
The Turon du Néouvielle is a summit in the French Pyrenees, culminating at 3,035 m, located in the Néouvielle Range, on the edge of the Pyrenees National Park.
Txamantxoia or Maze (Chamanchoya) (1,945 m) is a mountain in the Pyrenees.
Urkulu (1,419 m) is a mountain in the Basque Country straddling the border between France and Spain.
Aran (previously officially called Val d'Aran) is an administrative entity in Catalonia, Spain, consisting of the Aran Valley, in area, in the Pyrenees mountains, in the northwestern part of the province of Lleida.
La Vall de Núria ("The Valley of Núria") is a south-opening valley coming down from the crest of the Pyrenees within the municipality of Queralbs, province of Girona, community of Catalonia, Spain.
Vallnord is a ski/snowboard resort in the Pyrenees mountains in the country of Andorra, close to the border with Spain at Tor, Pallars.
Vallter 2000 is a ski resort located in the Vallter valley, close to Setcases, Girona, Catalonia (Spain).
Vicdessos is a commune in the Ariège department in southwestern France.
The Vielha tunnel (Aranese: Tunèl de Vielha, Catalan and Túnel de Viella) is a road tunnel in north-west Catalonia, connecting Vielha, the capital of the Aran valley, with the Alta Ribagorça comarca.
The Vignemale (Occitan: Vinhamala, Aragonese: Comachibosa), at 3,298 metres, is the highest of the French Pyrenean summits, on the border with Spain (the highest in the whole of the range is Pic Aneto), also part of the peak belongs to Aragon.
The Vuelta a España (Tour of Spain) is an annual multi-stage bicycle race primarily held in Spain, while also occasionally making passes through nearby countries.
A waterfall is a place where water flows over a vertical drop or a series of steep drops in the course of a stream or river.
French Pyrenees, High Pyrenees, Pireneus, Pirineo, Pirineos, Pirineus, Pyranees, Pyreenes, Pyrenaean, Pyrenaei Montes, Pyrenean Mountains, Pyreneans, Pyrenee Mountains, Pyrenees Mountains, Pyrenées, Pyrénées, Pyrénées Mountains, Spanish Pyrenees, Spanish Pyrenes, The Pyrenees.