78 relations: Absolutely irreducible, Affine space, Affine transformation, Affine variety, Algebraic equation, Algebraic geometry, Algebraic variety, Algebraically closed field, Bilinear form, Cartesian coordinate system, Characteristic (algebra), Collineation, Commutative ring, Complex conjugate, Complex number, Complex projective space, Conic section, Conical surface, CRC Press, Cylinder, Degree of a polynomial, Dimension, Dimension (vector space), Division ring, Ellipse, Ellipsoid, Euclidean space, Euclidean vector, Field (mathematics), Flat (geometry), Gaussian curvature, Generalization, Geometry Center, Group action, Homogeneous coordinates, Homogeneous polynomial, Homography, Hyperbola, Hyperboloid, Hyperplane, Hypersurface, Indian Association of Physics Teachers, Invertible matrix, Involution (mathematics), Irreducible polynomial, Klein quadric, Line (geometry), Linear span, Matrix (mathematics), Module (mathematics), ..., Oval (projective plane), Parabola, Paraboloid, Plane curve, Point at infinity, Polar set, Principal axis theorem, Projective space, Projective variety, Quadratic equation, Quadratic form, Quadratic set, Real number, Real projective space, Rigid transformation, Rotation of axes, Ruled surface, Sphere, Spheroid, Superquadrics, Surface of revolution, Sylvester's law of inertia, Translation of axes, Transpose, Two-dimensional space, University of Minnesota, Vector space, Zero of a function. Expand index (28 more) » « Shrink index
In mathematics, a multivariate polynomial defined over the rational numbers is absolutely irreducible if it is irreducible over the complex field.
In mathematics, an affine space is a geometric structure that generalizes the properties of Euclidean spaces in such a way that these are independent of the concepts of distance and measure of angles, keeping only the properties related to parallelism and ratio of lengths for parallel line segments.
In geometry, an affine transformation, affine mapBerger, Marcel (1987), p. 38.
In algebraic geometry, an affine variety over an algebraically closed field k is the zero-locus in the affine ''n''-space k^n of some finite family of polynomials of n variables with coefficients in k that generate a prime ideal.
In mathematics, an algebraic equation or polynomial equation is an equation of the form where P and Q are polynomials with coefficients in some field, often the field of the rational numbers.
Algebraic geometry is a branch of mathematics, classically studying zeros of multivariate polynomials.
Algebraic varieties are the central objects of study in algebraic geometry.
In abstract algebra, an algebraically closed field F contains a root for every non-constant polynomial in F, the ring of polynomials in the variable x with coefficients in F.
In mathematics, more specifically in abstract algebra and linear algebra, a bilinear form on a vector space V is a bilinear map, where K is the field of scalars.
A Cartesian coordinate system is a coordinate system that specifies each point uniquely in a plane by a pair of numerical coordinates, which are the signed distances to the point from two fixed perpendicular directed lines, measured in the same unit of length.
In mathematics, the characteristic of a ring R, often denoted char(R), is defined to be the smallest number of times one must use the ring's multiplicative identity (1) in a sum to get the additive identity (0) if the sum does indeed eventually attain 0.
In projective geometry, a collineation is a one-to-one and onto map (a bijection) from one projective space to another, or from a projective space to itself, such that the images of collinear points are themselves collinear.
In ring theory, a branch of abstract algebra, a commutative ring is a ring in which the multiplication operation is commutative.
In mathematics, the complex conjugate of a complex number is the number with an equal real part and an imaginary part equal in magnitude but opposite in sign.
A complex number is a number that can be expressed in the form, where and are real numbers, and is a solution of the equation.
In mathematics, complex projective space is the projective space with respect to the field of complex numbers.
In mathematics, a conic section (or simply conic) is a curve obtained as the intersection of the surface of a cone with a plane.
In geometry, a (general) conical surface is the unbounded surface formed by the union of all the straight lines that pass through a fixed point — the apex or vertex — and any point of some fixed space curve — the directrix — that does not contain the apex.
The CRC Press, LLC is a publishing group based in the United States that specializes in producing technical books.
A cylinder (from Greek κύλινδρος – kulindros, "roller, tumbler"), has traditionally been a three-dimensional solid, one of the most basic of curvilinear geometric shapes.
The degree of a polynomial is the highest degree of its monomials (individual terms) with non-zero coefficients.
In physics and mathematics, the dimension of a mathematical space (or object) is informally defined as the minimum number of coordinates needed to specify any point within it.
In mathematics, the dimension of a vector space V is the cardinality (i.e. the number of vectors) of a basis of V over its base field.
In abstract algebra, a division ring, also called a skew field, is a ring in which division is possible.
In mathematics, an ellipse is a curve in a plane surrounding two focal points such that the sum of the distances to the two focal points is constant for every point on the curve.
An ellipsoid is a surface that may be obtained from a sphere by deforming it by means of directional scalings, or more generally, of an affine transformation.
In geometry, Euclidean space encompasses the two-dimensional Euclidean plane, the three-dimensional space of Euclidean geometry, and certain other spaces.
In mathematics, physics, and engineering, a Euclidean vector (sometimes called a geometric or spatial vector, or—as here—simply a vector) is a geometric object that has magnitude (or length) and direction.
In mathematics, a field is a set on which addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division are defined, and behave as when they are applied to rational and real numbers.
In geometry, a flat is a subset of n-dimensional space that is congruent to a Euclidean space of lower dimension.
In differential geometry, the Gaussian curvature or Gauss curvature Κ of a surface at a point is the product of the principal curvatures, κ1 and κ2, at the given point: For example, a sphere of radius r has Gaussian curvature 1/r2 everywhere, and a flat plane and a cylinder have Gaussian curvature 0 everywhere.
A generalization (or generalisation) is the formulation of general concepts from specific instances by abstracting common properties.
The Geometry Center was a mathematics research and education center at the University of Minnesota.
In mathematics, an action of a group is a formal way of interpreting the manner in which the elements of the group correspond to transformations of some space in a way that preserves the structure of that space.
In mathematics, homogeneous coordinates or projective coordinates, introduced by August Ferdinand Möbius in his 1827 work Der barycentrische Calcül, are a system of coordinates used in projective geometry, as Cartesian coordinates are used in Euclidean geometry.
In mathematics, a homogeneous polynomial is a polynomial whose nonzero terms all have the same degree.
In projective geometry, a homography is an isomorphism of projective spaces, induced by an isomorphism of the vector spaces from which the projective spaces derive.
In mathematics, a hyperbola (plural hyperbolas or hyperbolae) is a type of smooth curve lying in a plane, defined by its geometric properties or by equations for which it is the solution set.
In geometry, a hyperboloid of revolution, sometimes called circular hyperboloid, is a surface that may be generated by rotating a hyperbola around one of its principal axes.
In geometry, a hyperplane is a subspace whose dimension is one less than that of its ambient space.
In geometry, a hypersurface is a generalization of the concepts of hyperplane, plane curve, and surface.
The Indian Association of Physics Teachers or IAPT is a body that coordinates the Physics Olympiad for India along with HBCSE.
In linear algebra, an n-by-n square matrix A is called invertible (also nonsingular or nondegenerate) if there exists an n-by-n square matrix B such that where In denotes the n-by-n identity matrix and the multiplication used is ordinary matrix multiplication.
In mathematics, an involution, or an involutory function, is a function that is its own inverse, for all in the domain of.
In mathematics, an irreducible polynomial is, roughly speaking, a non-constant polynomial that cannot be factored into the product of two non-constant polynomials.
In mathematics, the lines of a 3-dimensional projective space, S, can be viewed as points of a 5-dimensional projective space, T. In that 5-space, the points that represent each line in S lie on a hyperbolic quadric, Q known as the Klein quadric.
The notion of line or straight line was introduced by ancient mathematicians to represent straight objects (i.e., having no curvature) with negligible width and depth.
In linear algebra, the linear span (also called the linear hull or just span) of a set of vectors in a vector space is the intersection of all subspaces containing that set.
In mathematics, a matrix (plural: matrices) is a rectangular array of numbers, symbols, or expressions, arranged in rows and columns.
In mathematics, a module is one of the fundamental algebraic structures used in abstract algebra.
In projective geometry an oval is a circle-like pointset (curve) in a plane that is defined by incidence properties.
In mathematics, a parabola is a plane curve which is mirror-symmetrical and is approximately U-shaped.
In geometry, a paraboloid is a quadric surface that has (exactly) one axis of symmetry and no center of symmetry.
In mathematics, a plane curve is a curve in a plane that may be either a Euclidean plane, an affine plane or a projective plane.
In geometry, a point at infinity or ideal point is an idealized limiting point at the "end" of each line.
In functional analysis and related areas of mathematics the polar set of a given subset of a vector space is a certain set in the dual space.
In the mathematical fields of geometry and linear algebra, a principal axis is a certain line in a Euclidean space associated with an ellipsoid or hyperboloid, generalizing the major and minor axes of an ellipse or hyperbola.
In mathematics, a projective space can be thought of as the set of lines through the origin of a vector space V. The cases when and are the real projective line and the real projective plane, respectively, where R denotes the field of real numbers, R2 denotes ordered pairs of real numbers, and R3 denotes ordered triplets of real numbers.
In algebraic geometry, a projective variety over an algebraically closed field k is a subset of some projective ''n''-space Pn over k that is the zero-locus of some finite family of homogeneous polynomials of n + 1 variables with coefficients in k, that generate a prime ideal, the defining ideal of the variety.
In algebra, a quadratic equation (from the Latin quadratus for "square") is any equation having the form where represents an unknown, and,, and represent known numbers such that is not equal to.
In mathematics, a quadratic form is a homogeneous polynomial of degree two in a number of variables.
In mathematics, a quadratic set is a set of points in a projective space that bears the same essential incidence properties as a quadric (conic section in a projective plane, sphere or cone or hyperboloid in a projective space).
In mathematics, a real number is a value of a continuous quantity that can represent a distance along a line.
In mathematics, real projective space, or RPn or \mathbb_n(\mathbb), is the topological space of lines passing through the origin 0 in Rn+1.
In mathematics, a rigid transformation or Euclidean isometry of a Euclidean space preserves distances between every pair of points.
In mathematics, a rotation of axes in two dimensions is a mapping from an xy-Cartesian coordinate system to an x'y'-Cartesian coordinate system in which the origin is kept fixed and the x' and y' axes are obtained by rotating the x and y axes counterclockwise through an angle \theta.
In geometry, a surface S is ruled (also called a scroll) if through every point of S there is a straight line that lies on S. Examples include the plane, the curved surface of a cylinder or cone, a conical surface with elliptical directrix, the right conoid, the helicoid, and the tangent developable of a smooth curve in space.
A sphere (from Greek σφαῖρα — sphaira, "globe, ball") is a perfectly round geometrical object in three-dimensional space that is the surface of a completely round ball (viz., analogous to the circular objects in two dimensions, where a "circle" circumscribes its "disk").
A spheroid, or ellipsoid of revolution, is a quadric surface obtained by rotating an ellipse about one of its principal axes; in other words, an ellipsoid with two equal semi-diameters.
In mathematics, the superquadrics or super-quadrics (also superquadratics) are a family of geometric shapes defined by formulas that resemble those of ellipsoids and other quadrics, except that the squaring operations are replaced by arbitrary powers.
A surface of revolution is a surface in Euclidean space created by rotating a curve (the generatrix) around an axis of rotation.
Sylvester's law of inertia is a theorem in matrix algebra about certain properties of the coefficient matrix of a real quadratic form that remain invariant under a change of basis.
In mathematics, a translation of axes in two dimensions is a mapping from an xy-Cartesian coordinate system to an x'y'-Cartesian coordinate system in which the x' axis is parallel to the x axis and k units away, and the y' axis is parallel to the y axis and h units away.
In linear algebra, the transpose of a matrix is an operator which flips a matrix over its diagonal, that is it switches the row and column indices of the matrix by producing another matrix denoted as AT (also written A′, Atr, tA or At).
Two-dimensional space or bi-dimensional space is a geometric setting in which two values (called parameters) are required to determine the position of an element (i.e., point).
The University of Minnesota, Twin Cities (often referred to as the University of Minnesota, Minnesota, the U of M, UMN, or simply the U) is a public research university in Minneapolis and Saint Paul, Minnesota.
A vector space (also called a linear space) is a collection of objects called vectors, which may be added together and multiplied ("scaled") by numbers, called scalars.
In mathematics, a zero, also sometimes called a root, of a real-, complex- or generally vector-valued function f is a member x of the domain of f such that f(x) vanishes at x; that is, x is a solution of the equation f(x).