111 relations: Act of Parliament, Ambulance bus, American Samoa, Anthrax, Apollo 11, Arenavirus, Asymptomatic carrier, Australian Quarantine and Inspection Service, Auxiliary Medical Service, Black Death, Blockade, Board of Trade, Bordeaux, Border control, Bubonic plague, Canada Border Services Agency, Canadian Food Inspection Agency, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Cholera, Civil Aid Service, Civil and political rights, Civil confinement, Clinical Infectious Diseases, Coast guard, Computer virus, Congressional Research Service, Cordon sanitaire, Crimean–Congo hemorrhagic fever, Cuban Missile Crisis, Customs, Decontamination, Delaware County, Pennsylvania, Dubrovnik, Ebola virus cases in the United States, Ebola virus disease, El Paso, Texas, Ellis Island, Epidemic, Extra-Terrestrial Exposure Law, Eyam, Federal Service for the Oversight of Consumer Protection and Welfare, Frioul archipelago, Gruinard Island, HM Customs and Excise, Incubation period, Independence Hall Association, Infection, International maritime signal flags, Interplanetary contamination, Isolation (health care), ..., Jeffrey Street, John F. Kennedy, John Martin Poyer, Kirribilli, New South Wales, Kuala Lumpur, Lassa fever, Law enforcement officer, Lazaretto, Leprosy, Liberty Island, List of Acts of the Parliament of Great Britain, 1707–1719, List of governors of American Samoa, Lunar Receiving Laboratory, Marburg virus, Marseille, Martial law, Mary Mallon, Mau movement, Médecins Sans Frontières, Medway, Modena, Moon, Occupation of German Samoa, Pest house, Pet passport, Philadelphia, Philadelphia Lazaretto, Postpartum confinement, Protective sequestration, Public Health Act 1875, Rabies, Red Sea, Reggio Emilia, Republic of Ragusa, Republic of Venice, Samoa, Severe acute respiratory syndrome, Sierra Leone, Slate (magazine), Smallpox, Social distancing, Spanish flu, Suez Canal, Surry (1811 ship), Swinburne Island, Syphilis, The Standard-Times (New Bedford), Third plague pandemic, Tinicum Township, Delaware County, Pennsylvania, Torres Strait, Tuberculosis, Typhoid fever, United Nations Charter, Vaccine, Vector (epidemiology), Western Samoa Trust Territory, World Health Organization, World War II, Yellow fever, Yellow flag (contagion), 1972 Yugoslav smallpox outbreak. Expand index (61 more) » « Shrink index
Acts of Parliament, also called primary legislation, are statutes passed by a parliament (legislature).
An ambulance bus, medical ambulance bus, AmBus, AmbuBus or MAB is a type of ambulance used to transport and treat multiple patients who require ambulance-level care.
American Samoa (Amerika Sāmoa,; also Amelika Sāmoa or Sāmoa Amelika) is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of Samoa.
Anthrax is an infection caused by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis.
Apollo 11 was the spaceflight that landed the first two humans on the Moon.
An arenavirus is a virus which is a member of the family Arenaviridae.
An asymptomatic carrier (healthy carrier or just carrier) is a person or other organism that has become infected with a pathogen, but who display no signs nor symptoms.
The Australian Quarantine and Inspection Service (AQIS) was the Australian government agency responsible for enforcing Australian quarantine laws, as part of the Department of Agriculture.
Auxiliary Medical Service (AMS) is a well-trained, committed voluntary medical and health services provider in Hong Kong.
The Black Death, also known as the Great Plague, the Black Plague, or simply the Plague, was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history, resulting in the deaths of an estimated people in Eurasia and peaking in Europe from 1347 to 1351.
A blockade is an effort to cut off supplies, war material or communications from a particular area by force, either in part or totally.
The Board of Trade is a British government department concerned with commerce and industry, currently within the Department for International Trade.
Bordeaux (Gascon Occitan: Bordèu) is a port city on the Garonne in the Gironde department in Southwestern France.
Border controls are measures taken by a country to monitor or regulate its borders.
Bubonic plague is one of three types of plague caused by bacterium Yersinia pestis.
The Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) (Agence des services frontaliers du Canada; ASFC) is a federal agency that is responsible for border enforcement, immigration enforcement and customs services.
The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) is a regulatory agency that is dedicated to the safeguarding of food, animals, and plants, which enhance the health and well-being of Canada's people, environment and economy.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is the leading national public health institute of the United States.
Cholera is an infection of the small intestine by some strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.
The Civil Aid Service or CAS (民安隊) in short is a civil organisation that assists in a variety of auxiliary emergency roles, including search and rescue operations in Hong Kong.
Civil and political rights are a class of rights that protect individuals' freedom from infringement by governments, social organizations, and private individuals.
In the United States, civil confinement is a term for the formal legal process by which persons convicted of certain sexual offenses (generally violent sex offenders) may be subject to involuntary commitment upon completion of a prison sentence.
Clinical Infectious Diseases is a peer-reviewed medical journal published by Oxford University Press covering research on the pathogenesis, clinical investigation, medical microbiology, diagnosis, immune mechanisms, and treatment of diseases caused by infectious agents.
A coast guard or coastguard is a maritime security organization of a particular country.
A computer virus is a type of malicious software program ("malware") that, when executed, replicates itself by modifying other computer programs and inserting its own code.
The Congressional Research Service (CRS), known as Congress's think tank, is a public policy research arm of the United States Congress.
Cordon sanitaire is a French phrase that, literally translated, means "sanitary cordon".
Crimean–Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a viral disease.
The Cuban Missile Crisis, also known as the October Crisis of 1962 (Crisis de Octubre), the Caribbean Crisis, or the Missile Scare, was a 13-day (October 16–28, 1962) confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union concerning American ballistic missile deployment in Italy and Turkey with consequent Soviet ballistic missile deployment in Cuba.
Customs is an authority or agency in a country responsible for collecting tariffs and for controlling the flow of goods, including animals, transports, personal, and hazardous items, into and out of a country.
Decontamination (sometimes abbreviated as decon, dcon, or decontam) is the process of cleansing an object or substance to remove contaminants such as micro-organisms or hazardous materials, including chemicals, radioactive substances, and infectious diseases.
Delaware County, colloquially referred to as Delco, is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.
Dubrovnik (historically Ragusa) is a Croatian city on the Adriatic Sea.
In December 2014, Ebola virus cases in the United States occurred due to four laboratory-confirmed cases of Ebola virus disease (commonly known as "Ebola") in the United States.
Ebola virus disease (EVD), also known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever (EHF) or simply Ebola, is a viral hemorrhagic fever of humans and other primates caused by ebolaviruses.
El Paso (from Spanish, "the pass") is a city in and the seat of El Paso County, Texas, United States.
Ellis Island, in Upper New York Bay, was the gateway for over 12 million immigrants to the U.S. as the United States' busiest immigrant inspection station for over 60 years from 1892 until 1954.
An epidemic (from Greek ἐπί epi "upon or above" and δῆμος demos "people") is the rapid spread of infectious disease to a large number of people in a given population within a short period of time, usually two weeks or less.
The Extra-Terrestrial Exposure Law (of the Code of Federal Regulations) was the popular name for regulations adopted by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in 1969 to formalize its "policy, responsibility and authority to guard the Earth against any harmful contamination … resulting from personnel, spacecraft and other property returning to the Earth after landing on or coming within the atmospheric envelope of a celestial body." Implemented before the Apollo 11 mission, it provided the legal authority for a quarantine period for the returning astronauts.
Eyam is an English village and civil parish in the Derbyshire Dales district that lies within the Peak District National Park.
The Federal Service for Supervision of Consumer Rights Protection and Human Well-Being (Федеральная служба по надзору в сфере защиты прав потребителей и благополучия человека) or Rospotrebnadzor (Роспотребнадзор) is the federal service responsible for Supervision of consumer rights Protection and Human Well-Being in Russia.
The Frioul archipelago is a group of four islands located off the Mediterranean coast of France, approximately from Marseille.
Gruinard Island ('Eilean Ghruinneard') is a small, oval-shaped Scottish island approximately long by wide, located in Gruinard Bay, about halfway between Gairloch and Ullapool.
HM Customs and Excise (properly known as Her Majesty's Customs and Excise (or His as appropriate), often abbreviated to HMCE) was a department of the British Government formed in 1909 by the merger of HM Customs and HM Excise; its primary responsibility was the collection of customs duties, excise duties, and other indirect taxes.
Incubation period is the time elapsed between exposure to a pathogenic organism, a chemical, or radiation, and when symptoms and signs are first apparent.
The Independence Hall Association (IHA) was founded in 1942 to spearhead the creation of Independence National Historical Park, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to the infectious agents and the toxins they produce.
International maritime signal flags refers to various flags used to communicate with ships.
Interplanetary contamination refers to biological contamination of a planetary body by a space probe or spacecraft, either deliberate or unintentional.
In health care facilities, isolation represents one of several measures that can be taken to implement infection control: the prevention of contagious diseases from being spread from a patient to other patients, health care workers, and visitors, or from outsiders to a particular patient (reverse isolation).
Jeffrey Street or Jeffreys Street is a street located in Kirribilli, famous for being one of the most popular vantage points for views of the city skyline of Sydney, the Sydney Harbour Bridge and the Sydney Opera House.
John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), commonly referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th President of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963.
John Martin Poyer (1861 – May 12, 1922) was the twelfth Naval Governor of American Samoa, from March 1, 1915 to June 10, 1919.
Kirribilli is a suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia.
Kuala Lumpur, officially the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur (Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur), or commonly known as KL, is the national capital of Malaysia as well as its largest city in the country.
Lassa fever, also known as Lassa hemorrhagic fever (LHF), is a type of viral hemorrhagic fever caused by the Lassa virus.
A law enforcement officer (LEO) or peace officer, in North American English, is a public-sector employee whose duties primarily involve the enforcement of laws.
A lazaretto or lazaret (from lazzaretto) is a quarantine station for maritime travellers.
Leprosy, also known as Hansen's disease (HD), is a long-term infection by the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae or Mycobacterium lepromatosis.
Liberty Island is a federally owned island in Upper New York Bay in the United States, best known as the location of the Statue of Liberty.
This is an incomplete list of Acts of the Parliament of Great Britain for the years 1707–1719.
This is a list of governors, etc.
The Lunar Receiving Laboratory (LRL) was a facility at NASA's Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center (Building 37) that was constructed to quarantine astronauts and material brought back from the Moon during the Apollo program to mitigate the risk of back-contamination.
Marburg virus is a hemorrhagic fever virus of the Filoviridae family of viruses and a member of the species Marburg marburgvirus, genus Marburgvirus.
Marseille (Provençal: Marselha), is the second-largest city of France and the largest city of the Provence historical region.
Martial law is the imposition of direct military control of normal civilian functions of government, especially in response to a temporary emergency such as invasion or major disaster, or in an occupied territory. Martial law can be used by governments to enforce their rule over the public.
Mary Mallon (September 23, 1869 – November 11, 1938), also known as Typhoid Mary, was an Irish-American cook.
The Mau was a non-violent movement for Samoan independence from colonial rule during the first half of the 20th century.
Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF; pronounced), also known in English as Doctors Without Borders, is an international humanitarian medical non-governmental organisation (NGO) of French origin best known for its projects in conflict zones and in countries affected by endemic diseases.
Medway is a conurbation and unitary authority in Kent in the region of South East England.
Modena (Mutna; Mutina; Modenese: Mòdna) is a city and comune (municipality) on the south side of the Po Valley, in the Province of Modena in the Emilia-Romagna region of northern Italy.
The Moon is an astronomical body that orbits planet Earth and is Earth's only permanent natural satellite.
The Occupation of Samoa – the takeover and subsequent administration of the Pacific colony of German Samoa – started in late August 1914 with landings by an expeditionary force from New Zealand called the "Samoa Expeditionary Force".
A pest house, plague house, pesthouse or fever shed was a type of building used for persons afflicted with communicable diseases such as tuberculosis, cholera, smallpox or typhus.
The Pet Travel Scheme ("PETS") is a system which allows animals to travel easily between member countries without undergoing quarantine.
Philadelphia is the largest city in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous U.S. city, with a 2017 census-estimated population of 1,580,863.
The Philadelphia Lazaretto was the first quarantine hospital in the United States, built in 1799, in Tinicum Township, Delaware County, Pennsylvania.
Postpartum confinement refers to a system for recovery following childbirth.
Protective sequestration is a public health term that refers to social distancing measures taken to protect a small, defined, and still-healthy population from an epidemic (or pandemic) before the infection reaches that population.
The Public Health Act 1875 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, one of the Public Health Acts, and a significant step in the advance of public health in Britain.
Rabies is a viral disease that causes inflammation of the brain in humans and other mammals.
The Red Sea (also the Erythraean Sea) is a seawater inlet of the Indian Ocean, lying between Africa and Asia.
Reggio Emilia (also; Rèz, Regium Lepidi) is a city in northern Italy, in the Emilia-Romagna region.
The Republic of Ragusa was a maritime republic centered on the city of Dubrovnik (Ragusa in Italian, German and Latin; Raguse in French) in Dalmatia (today in southernmost Croatia) that carried that name from 1358 until 1808.
The Republic of Venice (Repubblica di Venezia, later: Repubblica Veneta; Repùblica de Venèsia, later: Repùblica Vèneta), traditionally known as La Serenissima (Most Serene Republic of Venice) (Serenissima Repubblica di Venezia; Serenìsima Repùblica Vèneta), was a sovereign state and maritime republic in northeastern Italy, which existed for a millennium between the 8th century and the 18th century.
Samoa, officially the Independent State of Samoa (Malo Saʻoloto Tutoʻatasi o Sāmoa; Sāmoa) and, until 4 July 1997, known as Western Samoa, is a unitary parliamentary democracy with eleven administrative divisions.
Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a viral respiratory disease of zoonotic origin caused by the SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV).
Sierra Leone, officially the Republic of Sierra Leone, is a country in West Africa.
Slate is an online magazine that covers current affairs, politics, and culture in the United States from a liberal perspective.
Smallpox was an infectious disease caused by one of two virus variants, Variola major and Variola minor.
Social distancing is a term applied to certain nonpharmaceutical infection control actions that are taken by public health officials to stop or slow down the spread of a highly contagious disease.
The Spanish flu (January 1918 – December 1920), also known as the 1918 flu pandemic, was an unusually deadly influenza pandemic, the first of the two pandemics involving H1N1 influenza virus.
thumb The Suez Canal (قناة السويس) is an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea through the Isthmus of Suez.
Surry, also known as Surrey, had an especially long career transporting convicts to Australia.
Swinburne Island is the smaller of two artificial islands created in the Lower New York Bay east of South Beach, Staten Island for quarantine of immigrants, the other being Hoffman Island.
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum subspecies pallidum.
The Standard-Times (and Sunday Standard-Times), based in New Bedford, Massachusetts, is the larger of two daily newspapers covering the South Coast of Massachusetts, along with The Herald News of Fall River.
Third Pandemic is the designation of a major bubonic plague pandemic that began in Yunnan province in China in 1855.
Tinicum Township, more popularly known as "Tinicum Island" or "The Island", is a township in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, United States.
The Torres Strait is a strait which lies between Australia and the Melanesian island of New Guinea.
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB).
Typhoid fever, also known simply as typhoid, is a bacterial infection due to ''Salmonella'' typhi that causes symptoms.
The Charter of the United Nations (also known as the UN Charter) of 1945 is the foundational treaty of the United Nations, an intergovernmental organization.
A vaccine is a biological preparation that provides active acquired immunity to a particular disease.
In epidemiology, a disease vector is any agent that carries and transmits an infectious pathogen into another living organism; most agents regarded as vectors are organisms, such as intermediate parasites or microbes, but it could be an inanimate medium of infection such as dust particles.
Western Samoa Mandate then Western Samoa Trust Territory were the official name of Western Samoa during its civil administration by New Zealand between 1920, six years after that country had terminated the German rule, and Samoan independence in 1962.
The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Yellow fever is a viral disease of typically short duration.
In International maritime signal flags, plain yellow, green, and even black flags have been used to symbolize disease in both ships and ports, with the color yellow having a longer historical precedent, as a color of marking for houses of infection, previous to its use as a maritime marking color for disease.
The 1972 Yugoslav smallpox outbreak was the last major outbreak of smallpox in Europe.