102 relations: Acculturation, Alberto Fujimori, Alejandro Toledo, Alpaca, Altitude sickness, Amantaní, Amazonian Kichwas, Ancash Quechua, Andean civilizations, Andes, Apurímac Region, Argentina, Ausangate, Ayacucho Quechua, Ayacucho Region, Ayllu, Aymara people, Ayni, Benjamin Bratt, Blood of the Condor, Bolivia, Bowler hat, Cañari, Carlos Torres Caro, Catholic Church, Chanka, Chile, Chincha culture, Chullo, Cinchona, Coca, Cocaine, Colombia, Communal work, Cusco, Dialect, Diego Quispe Tito, Ecuador, ECUARUNARI, Ethnologue, Guanaco, HCJB, Hilaria Supa, Huanca people, Huancavelica Region, Huancayo Province, Ica Region, Inca Empire, Inca society, Indigenous peoples of the Americas, ..., Inga Kichwa, Inga people, Inkarri, Intercultural bilingual education, Internal conflict in Peru, Josh Keaton, Juan Velasco Alvarado, Judaism, Junín Region, Kallawaya, Kichwa language, Lima, Llama, Magaly Solier, Malaria, Manco Cápac, María Sumire, Martín Chambi, Martha Hildebrandt, Material culture, Military dictatorship, Natural dye, Ollanta Humala, Otavalo people, Peru, Pishtaco, Poncho, Pre-Columbian era, Proletariat, Protestantism, Puna grassland, Q'ero, Q'orianka Kilcher, Quechuan languages, Quinine, Qulla, Rebellion of Túpac Amaru II, Sacred Valley, Salasaca, Shining Path, Sombrero, South America, Southern Quechua, Spanish language, Sumak Kawsay, Taquile Island, Túpac Amaru II, Víctor Paz Estenssoro, Vicuña, Wanka Quechua, Wattle and daub, Yanantin. Expand index (52 more) » « Shrink index
Acculturation is the process of social, psychological, and cultural change that stems from blending between cultures.
Alberto Kenya Fujimori Fujimori (born 26 July 1938 or 4 August 1938) is a Peruvian former politician who served as the President of Peru from 28 July 1990 to 22 November 2000.
Alejandro Celestino Toledo Manrique (born 28 March 1946) is a Peruvian politician who served as the 63rd President of Peru, from 2001 to 2006.
The Alpaca (Vicugna pacos) is a species of South American camelid, similar to, and often confused with the llama.
Altitude sickness, also known as acute mountain sickness (AMS), is a negative health effect of high altitude, caused by acute exposure to low amounts of oxygen at high altitude.
Amantani is an island on the Peruvian side of Lake Titicaca.
Napu runas or Amazonian Kichwas are a grouping of indigenous Kichwa peoples in the Ecuadorian Amazon, with minor groups across the borders of Colombia and Peru.
Ancash Quechua, or Huaylay, is a Quechua variety, spoken in the department of Ancash by approximately 1,000,000 people.
The Andean civilizations were a patchwork of different cultures and peoples that developed from the Andes of Colombia southward down the Andes to northern Argentina and Chile, plus the coastal deserts of Peru and northern Chile.
The Andes or Andean Mountains (Cordillera de los Andes) are the longest continental mountain range in the world.
Apurímac is a region in southern-central Peru.
Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.
Ausangate or Auzangateescale.minedu.gob.pe - UGEL map of the Quispicanchi Province 1 (Cusco Region) (in hispanicized spellings) is a mountain of the Vilcanota mountain range in the Andes of Peru.
Ayacucho (also called Chanca or Chanka) is a variety of Southern Quechua spoken in the Ayacucho Region, Peru, as well as by immigrants from Ayacucho in Lima.
Ayacucho is a region of Peru, located in the south-central Andes of the country.
The ayllu is the traditional form of a community in the Andes, especially among Quechuas and Aymaras.
The Aymara or Aimara (aymara) people are an indigenous nation in the Andes and Altiplano regions of South America; about 1 million live in Bolivia, Peru and Chile.
Ayni (Quechua, also spelled Ayniy or Aini) can refer to either the concept of reciprocity or mutualism among people of the Andean mountain communities or the practice of this concept.
Benjamin Bratt (born December 16, 1963) is an American actor.
Blood of the Condor (Yawar Mallku, Sangre de cóndor) is a 1969 Bolivian drama film co-written and directed by Jorge Sanjinés.
Bolivia (Mborivia; Buliwya; Wuliwya), officially known as the Plurinational State of Bolivia (Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia), is a landlocked country located in western-central South America.
The bowler hat, also known as a billycock, bob hat, bombín or derby (USA), is a hard felt hat with a rounded crown, originally created by the London hat-makers Thomas and William Bowler during 1849.
The Cañari (in Kichwa: Kañari) are an indigenous ethnic group traditionally inhabiting the territory of the modern provinces of Azuay and Cañar in Ecuador.
Carlos Alberto Torres Caro is a Peruvian politician and a Congressman representing Lima for the 2006–2011 term.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
The Chanka people (or Chanca) were a Late Intermediate (ca. 1400 CE.) ethnic group in Peru.
Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
The Chincha culture consisted of a Native American (Indian) people living near the Pacific Ocean in southwest Peru.
Chullo (from ch'ullu) is an Andean style of hat with earflaps, made from vicuña, alpaca, llama or sheep's wool.
Cinchona is a genus of flowering plants in the family Rubiaceae containing at least 23 species of trees and shrubs.
Coca is any of the four cultivated plants in the family Erythroxylaceae, native to western South America.
Cocaine, also known as coke, is a strong stimulant mostly used as a recreational drug.
Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a sovereign state largely situated in the northwest of South America, with territories in Central America.
Communal work is a gathering for mutually accomplishing a task or for communal fundraising, for example through a knitting bee.
Cusco (Cuzco,; Qusqu or Qosqo), often spelled Cuzco, is a city in southeastern Peru, near the Urubamba Valley of the Andes mountain range.
The term dialect (from Latin,, from the Ancient Greek word,, "discourse", from,, "through" and,, "I speak") is used in two distinct ways to refer to two different types of linguistic phenomena.
Diego Quispe Tito (1611–1681) was a Quechua painter from Peru.
Ecuador (Ikwadur), officially the Republic of Ecuador (República del Ecuador, which literally translates as "Republic of the Equator"; Ikwadur Ripuwlika), is a representative democratic republic in northwestern South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
ECUARUNARI (in Kichwa: Ecuador Runakunapak Rikcharimuy, "Movement of the indigenous people of Ecuador"), also known as Confederation of Peoples of Kichwa Nationality (Ecuador Kichwa Llaktakunapak Jatun Tantanakuy, in Spanish Confederación de Pueblos de la Nacionalidad Kichwa del Ecuador) is the organization of indigenous peoples of Kichwa nationality in the Ecuadorian central mountain region, founded in 1972.
Ethnologue: Languages of the World is an annual reference publication in print and online that provides statistics and other information on the living languages of the world.
The guanaco (Lama guanicoe) is a camelid native to South America.
HCJB, "The Voice of the Andes", was the first radio station with daily programming in Ecuador and the first Christian missionary radio station in the world.
Hilaria Supa Huamán (born 1957 in Wayllaqocha, Anta Province, Cusco Region) is a Peruvian politician, human rights activist, and an active member of several Indigenous women organizations in Peru and the world and a Peruvian politician.
The Huancas, Wancas, or Wankas are a Quechua people living in the Junín Region of central Peru, in and around the Mantaro Valley.
Huancavelica is a region in Peru with an area of and a population of 454,797 (2007 census).
Huancayo Province is located in Peru.
Ica (Ika) is a region (formerly known as a department) in Peru.
The Inca Empire (Quechua: Tawantinsuyu, "The Four Regions"), also known as the Incan Empire and the Inka Empire, was the largest empire in pre-Columbian America, and possibly the largest empire in the world in the early 16th century.
The Inca society was the society of the Inca civilization in South America.
The indigenous peoples of the Americas are the pre-Columbian peoples of the Americas and their descendants. Although some indigenous peoples of the Americas were traditionally hunter-gatherers—and many, especially in the Amazon basin, still are—many groups practiced aquaculture and agriculture. The impact of their agricultural endowment to the world is a testament to their time and work in reshaping and cultivating the flora indigenous to the Americas. Although some societies depended heavily on agriculture, others practiced a mix of farming, hunting and gathering. In some regions the indigenous peoples created monumental architecture, large-scale organized cities, chiefdoms, states and empires. Many parts of the Americas are still populated by indigenous peoples; some countries have sizable populations, especially Belize, Bolivia, Canada, Chile, Ecuador, Greenland, Guatemala, Guyana, Mexico, Panama and Peru. At least a thousand different indigenous languages are spoken in the Americas. Some, such as the Quechuan languages, Aymara, Guaraní, Mayan languages and Nahuatl, count their speakers in millions. Many also maintain aspects of indigenous cultural practices to varying degrees, including religion, social organization and subsistence practices. Like most cultures, over time, cultures specific to many indigenous peoples have evolved to incorporate traditional aspects but also cater to modern needs. Some indigenous peoples still live in relative isolation from Western culture, and a few are still counted as uncontacted peoples.
Inga Kichwa is a dialect of Kichwa spoken in the Colombian Putumayo region by the Inga people.
The Inga people are an indigenous ethnic group from the Southwest region of Colombia with a historical relation to the Incas.
The Inkarri (or Inkari) myth is one of the most famous legends of the Inca.
Intercultural Bilingual Education (Educación bilingüe intercultural) is a language-planning model employed throughout Latin America in public education, and it arose as a political movement asserting space for indigenous languages and culture in the education system.
The Peru's internal War on Terror, beginning in 1980, is an ongoing armed conflict between the government of Peru and some terrorist organizations such as the insurgent People's Guerilla Army (Ejército Guerrillero Popular), armed wing of the Communist Party of Peru (known as Shining Path or "PCP-SL") and the Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement which was also involved in the conflict from 1982 to 1997.
Joshua Luis Wiener (born February 8, 1979), known by his stage name Josh Keaton, is an American actor and singer.
Juan Francisco Velasco Alvarado (June 16, 1910 – December 24, 1977) was a left-wing Peruvian General who served as the 58th President of Peru from 1968 to 1975 under the title " President of the Revolutionary Government of the Armed Forces".
Judaism (originally from Hebrew, Yehudah, "Judah"; via Latin and Greek) is the religion of the Jewish people.
Junín is a region in the central highlands and westernmost Peruvian Amazon.
The Kallawaya are an itinerant group of traditional healers living in the Andes of Bolivia.
Kichwa (Kichwa shimi, Runashimi, also Spanish Quichua) is a Quechuan language that includes all Quechua varieties of Ecuador and Colombia (Inga), as well as extensions into Peru.
Lima (Quechua:, Aymara) is the capital and the largest city of Peru.
The llama (Lama glama) is a domesticated South American camelid, widely used as a meat and pack animal by Andean cultures since the Pre-Columbian era.
Magaly Solier Romero (born 11 June 1986) is a Peruvian actress and recording artist.
Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease affecting humans and other animals caused by parasitic protozoans (a group of single-celled microorganisms) belonging to the Plasmodium type.
Manco Cápac (Quechua: Manqu Qhapaq, "the royal founder"), also known as Manco Inca and Ayar Manco was, according to some historians, the first governor and founder of the Inca civilization in Cusco, possibly in the early 13th century.
María Cleofé Sumire de Conde (born in an indigenous community in Canchis Province, Cusco Region) is a Peruvian politician.
Martín Chambi Jiménez or Martín Chambi de Coaza, (Puno, Peru November 5, 1891 – Cuzco, September 13, 1973) was a photographer, originally from southern Peru.
Martha Luz Hildebrandt Pérez-Treviño (La Libertad, January 13, 1925) is a Peruvian linguist and politician.
Material culture is the physical aspect of culture in the objects and architecture that surround people.
A military dictatorship (also known as a military junta) is a form of government where in a military force exerts complete or substantial control over political authority.
Natural dyes are dyes or colorants derived from plants, invertebrates, or minerals.
Ollanta Moisés Humala Tasso (born 27 June 1962) is a Peruvian politician who served as the 65th President of Peru from 2011 to 2016.
The Otavalos are an indigenous people native to the Andean mountains of Imbabura Province in northern Ecuador.
Peru (Perú; Piruw Republika; Piruw Suyu), officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.
A pishtaco is a mythological boogeyman figure in the Andes region of South America, particularly in Peru and Bolivia.
A poncho (punchu in Quechua; Mapudungun pontro, blanket, woolen fabric) is an outer garment designed to keep the body warm.
The Pre-Columbian era incorporates all period subdivisions in the history and prehistory of the Americas before the appearance of significant European influences on the American continents, spanning the time of the original settlement in the Upper Paleolithic period to European colonization during the Early Modern period.
The proletariat (from Latin proletarius "producing offspring") is the class of wage-earners in a capitalist society whose only possession of significant material value is their labour-power (their ability to work).
Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.
The Puna grassland ecoregion, of the montane grasslands and shrublands biome, is found in the central Andes Mountains of South America.
Q'ero (spelled Q'iru in the official three-vowel Quechua orthography) is a Quechua-speaking community or ethnic group dwelling in the province of Paucartambo, in the Cusco Region of Peru.
Q'orianka Waira Qoiana Kilcher (born February 11, 1990) is an American actress, singer, and activist.
Quechua, usually called Runasimi ("people's language") in Quechuan languages, is an indigenous language family spoken by the Quechua peoples, primarily living in the Andes and highlands of South America.
Quinine is a medication used to treat malaria and babesiosis.
The Qulla (Quechuan for south, hispanicized and mixed spellings: Colla, Kolla) are an indigenous people of western Bolivia, Chile, and Argentina living in Jujuy and Salta Provinces.
The Rebellion of Túpac Amaru II (1780–c. 1782) was an uprising of native and mestizo peasants against the Bourbon reforms in the Spanish Viceroyalty of Peru.
The Sacred Valley of the Incas (Valle Sagrado de los Incas; Willka Qhichwa) or the Urubamba Valley is a valley in the Andes of Peru, at its closest north of the Inca capital of Cusco.
Salasaca is located in the Tungurahua Province in the center of Ecuador, halfway along the road from Ambato to Baños.
The Communist Party of Peru - Shining Path (Partido Comunista del Perú - Sendero Luminoso), more commonly known as the Shining Path (Sendero Luminoso), is a Maoist guerrilla group in Peru.
Sombrero (Spanish for "hat", literally "shadower") in English refers to a type of wide-brimmed hat from Mexico, used to shield from the sun.
South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere.
Southern Quechua (Quechua: Urin qichwa, quechua sureño), or simply Quechua (Qichwa or Qhichwa), is the most widely spoken of the major regional groupings of mutually intelligible dialects within the Quechua language family, with about 6.9 million speakers.
Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.
In Andean communities in Latin America development is expressed through the notion of sumak kawsay, the Quechua word for ‘buen vivir’, or ‘good living’ or ‘well living’ has been proposed as an alternative conception of development and has been incorporated into the constitutions of Ecuador and Suma Qamaña ‘Vivir Bien’ in Bolivia.
Taquile (Isla de Taquile; Intika) is an island on the Peruvian side of Lake Titicaca 45 km offshore from the city of Puno.
José Gabriel Túpac Amaru (March 10, 1738 – May 18, 1781) — known as Túpac Amaru II — was the leader of a large Andean uprising against the Spanish in Peru, where its quelling resulted in his death.
Ángel Víctor Paz Estenssoro (October 2, 1907 – June 7, 2001) was a Bolivian politician who served as President of Bolivia from 1952 to 1956, 1960 to 1964 and 1985 to 1989.
The vicuña (Vicugna vicugna) or vicuna (both, very rarely spelled vicugna) is one of the two wild South American camelids which live in the high alpine areas of the Andes, the other being the guanaco.
Wanka Quechua is a variety of the Quechua language, spoken in the southern part of Peruvian region of Junín by the Huancas.
Wattle and daub is a composite building material used for making walls, in which a woven lattice of wooden strips called wattle is daubed with a sticky material usually made of some combination of wet soil, clay, sand, animal dung and straw.
Yanantin is one of the best known and most defining characteristics of indigenous South American Andean thought and exemplifies Andean adherence to a philosophical model based in what is often referred to as a "dualism of complementary terms" or, simply, a “complementary dualism".