64 relations: A History of Chess, Alhambra Decree, Amazon (chess), Amazons, Bernat Fenollar, Bishop (chess), Blanche of Castile, Carmina Burana, Checkmate, Chess, Chess endgame, Chess opening, Chess piece, Chess piece relative value, Chessboard, Chessgames.com, Chu shogi, Courtly love, Dai shogi, Danvers Opening, Diagonal, Eight queens puzzle, Einsiedeln, Eleanor of Aquitaine, Estonian language, Exchange (chess), Fairy chess piece, Ferz, Fork (chess), Francesc de Castellví i de Vic, Grandmaster (chess), Hans L. Bodlaender, Hetman, Hikaru Nakamura, Isabella I of Castile, King (chess), Luis Ramírez de Lucena, Marilyn Yalom, Mary, mother of Jesus, Military colours, standards and guidons, Mnemonic, Narcís Vinyoles, Pawn (chess), Persian language, Prime minister, Promotion (chess), Queen versus pawn endgame, Rook (chess), Sacrifice (chess), Sanskrit, ..., Scachs d'amor, Scandinavian Defense, Scholar's mate, Senior Advisor, Shatranj, Staunton chess set, The Chess Variant Pages, The Oxford Companion to Chess, Troubadour, Tsar, Unicode, Valencian, Vizier, William Coxe (historian). Expand index (14 more) » « Shrink index
The book A History of Chess was written by H. J. R. Murray (1868–1955) and published in 1913.
The Alhambra Decree (also known as the Edict of Expulsion; Spanish: Decreto de la Alhambra, Edicto de Granada) was an edict issued on 31 March 1492, by the joint Catholic Monarchs of Spain (Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon) ordering the expulsion of practicing Jews from the Kingdoms of Castile and Aragon and its territories and possessions by 31 July of that year.
An amazon (also known as a queen+knight compound) is a fairy chess piece that can move like a queen or a knight (or, equivalently, like a rook, bishop, or knight).
In Greek mythology, the Amazons (Ἀμαζόνες,, singular Ἀμαζών) were a tribe of women warriors related to Scythians and Sarmatians.
Bernat Fenollar, also Mossèn (Bernat de) Fenollar (Valencian Community, 1438 – Valencia, 28 February 1516) was a poet, cleric and chess player from Valencia, Spain.
A bishop (♗,♝) is a piece in the board game of chess.
Blanche of Castile (Blanca; 4 March 1188 – 27 November 1252) was Queen of France by marriage to Louis VIII.
Carmina Burana (Latin for "Songs from Beuern"; "Beuern" is short for Benediktbeuern) is the name given to a manuscript of 254 poems and dramatic texts mostly from the 11th or 12th century, although some are from the 13th century.
Checkmate (often shortened to mate) is a game position in chess and other chess-like games in which a player's king is in check (threatened with) and there is no way to remove the threat.
Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid.
In chess and chess-like games, the endgame (or end game or ending) is the stage of the game when few pieces are left on the board.
A chess opening or simply an opening refers to the initial moves of a chess game.
A chess piece, or chessman, is any of the six different movable objects used on a chessboard to play the game of chess.
In chess, the chess piece relative value system conventionally assigns a point value to each piece when assessing its relative strength in potential exchanges.
A chessboard is the type of checkerboard used in the board game chess, consisting of 64 squares (eight rows and eight columns).
Chessgames.com is an Internet chess community with over 224,000 members.
Chu shogi (中将棋 chū shōgi or Middle Shogi) is a strategy board game native to Japan.
Courtly love (or fin'amor in Occitan) was a medieval European literary conception of love that emphasized nobility and chivalry.
Dai shōgi (大将棋, 'large chess') or Kamakura dai shōgi (鎌倉大将棋) is a board game native to Japan.
The Danvers Opening,Edward Winter, at chesshistory.com also known as the Kentucky Opening,, Dubuque Chess Journal, May 1875, page 250 scanned at Hathitrust (original from New York Public Library) Queen's Attack, Queen's Excursion, Wayward Queen Attack, Patzer OpeningLev Alburt & Al Lawrence,, Rowman & Littlefield, 2010 or Parham AttackThe Chess Drum,, 6 July 2003 is an unorthodox chess opening characterized by the moves.
In geometry, a diagonal is a line segment joining two vertices of a polygon or polyhedron, when those vertices are not on the same edge.
The eight queens puzzle is the problem of placing eight chess queens on an 8×8 chessboard so that no two queens threaten each other.
Einsiedeln is a municipality and district in the canton of Schwyz in Switzerland known for its monastery, the Benedictine Einsiedeln Abbey, established in the 10th century.
Eleanor of Aquitaine (Aliénor d'Aquitaine, Éléonore,; 1124 – 1 April 1204) was queen consort of France (1137–1152) and England (1154–1189) and duchess of Aquitaine in her own right (1137–1204).
Estonian (eesti keel) is the official language of Estonia, spoken natively by about 1.1 million people: 922,000 people in Estonia and 160,000 outside Estonia.
In the tactics and strategy in the board game of chess, an exchange (exchanging) or trade (trading) of chess pieces is series of closely related moves, typically sequential, in which the two players capture each other's pieces.
A fairy chess piece, variant chess piece, unorthodox chess piece, or heterodox chess piece is a chess piece not used in conventional chess but incorporated into certain chess variants and some chess problems.
A ferz (or fers) is a fairy chess piece that moves like a bishop, but can only go one square.
In chess, a fork is a tactic whereby a single piece makes two or more direct attacks simultaneously.
Francesc de Castellví i de Vic (also Franci or Francisco de Castellví y Vic, died September 6, 1506) was a poet, nobleman, and politician from Valencia, Spain.
The title Grandmaster (GM) is awarded to chess players by the world chess organization FIDE.
Hans Leo Bodlaender (born April 21, 1960), retrieved 2012-02-18.
reason (translit; hejtman; hatman) is a political title from Central and Eastern Europe, historically assigned to military commanders.
is a Japanese-American chess grandmaster.
Isabella I (Isabel, 22 April 1451 – 26 November 1504) reigned as Queen of Castile from 1474 until her death.
In chess, the king (♔,♚) is the most important piece.
Luis Ramírez de Lucena (c. 1465 – c. 1530) was a Spanish chess player who published the first still-existing chess book.
Marilyn Yalom (born 1932) is a feminist author and historian.
Mary was a 1st-century BC Galilean Jewish woman of Nazareth, and the mother of Jesus, according to the New Testament and the Quran.
In military organizations, the practice of carrying colours, standards or guidons, both to act as a rallying point for troops and to mark the location of the commander, is thought to have originated in Ancient Egypt some 5,000 years ago.
A mnemonic (the first "m" is silent) device, or memory device, is any learning technique that aids information retention or retrieval (remembering) in the human memory.
Narcís Vinyoles, also Narciso Viñoles (between 1442 and 1447 – 1517) was a poet, lawyer and politician from Valencia, Spain.
The pawn (♙,♟) is the most numerous piece in the game of chess, and in most circumstances, also the weakest.
Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi (فارسی), is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family.
A prime minister is the head of a cabinet and the leader of the ministers in the executive branch of government, often in a parliamentary or semi-presidential system.
Promotion is a chess rule that requires a pawn that reaches its eighth to be immediately replaced by the player's choice of a queen, knight, rook, or bishop of the same.
The chess endgame of a queen versus pawn (with both sides having no other pieces except the kings) is usually an easy win for the side with the queen.
A rook (♖,♜) is a piece in the strategy board game of chess.
In chess, a sacrifice is a move giving up a piece with the objective of gaining tactical or positional compensation in other forms.
Sanskrit is the primary liturgical language of Hinduism; a philosophical language of Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism; and a former literary language and lingua franca for the educated of ancient and medieval India.
Scachs d'amor (Catalan for Chess of Love), whose complete title is Hobra intitulada scachs d'amor feta per don Francí de Castellví e Narcis Vinyoles e mossèn Fenollar, is the name of a poem written by Francesc de Castellví, Bernat Fenollar, and Narcís de Vinyoles, published in Valencia, Spain towards the end of the 15th century.
The Scandinavian Defense (or Center Counter Defense, or Center Counter Game) is a chess opening characterized by the moves.
In chess, Scholar's Mate is the checkmate achieved by the following moves, or similar: The same mating pattern may be reached by various move orders.
In some countries, a Senior Advisor is an appointed position by the Head of State to advise on the highest levels of national and government policy.
Shatranj (شطرنج, from Middle Persian chatrang) is an old form of chess, as played in the Persian Empire.
The Staunton chess set is composed of a particular style of chess pieces used to play the game of chess.
The Chess Variant Pages is a popular non-commercial Internet website devoted to chess variants.
The Oxford Companion to Chess is a reference book on the game of chess, written by David Hooper and Kenneth Whyld.
A troubadour (trobador, archaically: -->) was a composer and performer of Old Occitan lyric poetry during the High Middle Ages (1100–1350).
Tsar (Old Bulgarian / Old Church Slavonic: ц︢рь or цар, цaрь), also spelled csar, or czar, is a title used to designate East and South Slavic monarchs or supreme rulers of Eastern Europe.
Unicode is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding, representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems.
Valencian (or; endonym: valencià, llengua valenciana, or idioma valencià) is a linguistic variety spoken in the Valencian Community, Spain. In the Valencian Community, Valencian is the traditional language and is co-official with Spanish. It is considered different from Catalan by a slight majority of the people of the Valencian Community (including non-speakers), but this is at odds with the broad academic view, which considers it a dialect of Catalan. A standardized form exists, based on the Southern Valencian dialect. Valencian belongs to the Western group of Catalan dialects. Under the Valencian Statute of Autonomy, the Valencian Academy of the Language (Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua, AVL) has been established as its regulator. The AVL considers Catalan and Valencian to be simply two names for the same language. Some of the most important works of Valencian literature experienced a golden age during the Late Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Important works include Joanot Martorell's chivalric romance Tirant lo Blanch, and Ausiàs March's poetry. The first book produced with movable type in the Iberian Peninsula was printed in the Valencian variety. The earliest recorded chess game with modern rules for moves of the queen and bishop was in the Valencian poem Scachs d'amor (1475).
A vizier (rarely; وزير wazīr; وازیر vazīr; vezir; Chinese: 宰相 zǎixiàng; উজির ujira; Hindustani (Hindi-Urdu): वज़ीर or وزیر vazeer; Punjabi: ਵਜ਼ੀਰ or وزير vazīra, sometimes spelt vazir, vizir, vasir, wazir, vesir or vezir) is a high-ranking political advisor or minister.
William Coxe (– 8 June 1828) was an English historian and priest who served as a travelling companion and tutor to nobility from 1771 to 1786.