115 relations: Agriculture, Amaranth, Amaranthaceae, Andean civilizations, Andes, Annual plant, Antiseptic, Archaeology, B vitamins, Barbara Pickersgill, Biotic stress, Bolivia, Botany, Breeding program, Calorie, Carbohydrate, Carl Ludwig Willdenow, Cash crop, Chaff, Chametz, Chenopodium, Chenopodium album, Chia seed, Christiaan Hendrik Persoon, Colorado, Conquistador, Controlled ecological life-support system, Convenience food, Crop, Crop yield, Cultivar, Dicotyledon, Dietary fiber, Fat, Flowering plant, Folate, Food and Agriculture Organization, Food security, Fruit anatomy, Genetic engineering, Genome, Germination, Gluten, Gluten-free diet, Grain, Growing season, Heredity, Husk, Inca Empire, Iron, ..., John Torrey, Kashrut, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Kosher certification agency, Lake Titicaca, Landrace, Leaf, Leaf miner, Livestock, Magnesium in biology, Manganese, Millennium Development Goals, Mineral (nutrient), Mode of production, NASA, National Post, Nitrogen, Nutrition, Orator F. Cook, Orthodox Union, Ovary (botany), Oxalic acid, Palatability, Panicle, Passover, Peru, Petal, Phosphorus, Plant stem, Poaceae, Pollination, Poverty, Protein, Pseudocereal, Public good, Quechuan languages, Reference Daily Intake, San Luis Valley, Saponin, School Breakfast Program, Seed, Seedbed, Selective breeding, Self-pollination, South America, Spaceflight, Spinach, Springer Science+Business Media, Staple food, Subsistence agriculture, Subsistence economy, The New York Times, Threshing, Toxicity category rating, Traditional medicine, United Nations, United Nations General Assembly, Urban refugee, Validly published name, Veganism, Wheat, William Edwin Safford, Winnowing, Zinc, 2010s in food. Expand index (65 more) » « Shrink index
Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.
Amaranthus, collectively known as amaranth, is a cosmopolitan genus of annual or short-lived perennial plants.
Amaranthaceae is a family of flowering plants commonly known as the amaranth family, in reference to its type genus Amaranthus.
The Andean civilizations were a patchwork of different cultures and peoples that developed from the Andes of Colombia southward down the Andes to northern Argentina and Chile, plus the coastal deserts of Peru and northern Chile.
The Andes or Andean Mountains (Cordillera de los Andes) are the longest continental mountain range in the world.
An annual plant is a plant that completes its life cycle, from germination to the production of seeds, within one year, and then dies.
Antiseptics (from Greek ἀντί anti, "against" and σηπτικός sēptikos, "putrefactive") are antimicrobial substances that are applied to living tissue/skin to reduce the possibility of infection, sepsis, or putrefaction.
Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of humanactivity through the recovery and analysis of material culture.
B vitamins are a class of water-soluble vitamins that play important roles in cell metabolism.
Barbara Pickersgill (born 1940) is a British botanist with a special interest in the domestication of crops, the genetics, taxonomy, and evolutionary biology of cultivated plants, and the preservation of crop diversity.
Biotic stress is stress that occurs as a result of damage done to an organism by other living organisms, such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites, beneficial and harmful insects, weeds, and cultivated or native plants.
Bolivia (Mborivia; Buliwya; Wuliwya), officially known as the Plurinational State of Bolivia (Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia), is a landlocked country located in western-central South America.
Botany, also called plant science(s), plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology.
A breeding program is the planned breeding of a group of animals or plants, usually involving at least several individuals and extending over several generations.
A calorie is a unit of energy.
A carbohydrate is a biomolecule consisting of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O) atoms, usually with a hydrogen–oxygen atom ratio of 2:1 (as in water); in other words, with the empirical formula (where m may be different from n).
Carl Ludwig Willdenow (22 August 1765 – 10 July 1812) was a German botanist, pharmacist, and plant taxonomist.
A cash crop or profit crop is an agricultural crop which is grown for sale to return a profit.
Chaff is the dry, scaly protective casings of the seeds of cereal grain, or similar fine, dry, scaly plant material such as scaly parts of flowers, or finely chopped straw.
Chametz (also chometz,, ḥameṣ, ḥameç and other spellings transliterated from חָמֵץ / חמץ) are leavened foods that are forbidden on the Jewish holiday of Passover.
Chenopodium is a genus of numerous species of perennial or annual herbaceous flowering plants known as the goosefoots, which occur almost anywhere in the world.
Chenopodium album is a fast-growing weedy annual plant in the genus Chenopodium.
Chia is the edible seed of Salvia hispanica, flowering plant in the mint family native to Central America, as well as the related Salvia columbariae of southwest United States and Mexico.
Christiaan Hendrik Persoon (1 February 1761 – 16 November 1836) was a mycologist who made additions to Linnaeus' mushroom taxonomy.
Colorado is a state of the United States encompassing most of the southern Rocky Mountains as well as the northeastern portion of the Colorado Plateau and the western edge of the Great Plains.
Conquistadors (from Spanish or Portuguese conquistadores "conquerors") is a term used to refer to the soldiers and explorers of the Spanish Empire or the Portuguese Empire in a general sense.
Controlled (or closed) ecological life-support systems (acronym CELSS) are a self-supporting life support system for space stations and colonies typically through controlled closed ecological systems, such as the BioHome, BIOS-3, Biosphere 2, Mars Desert Research Station, and Yuegong-1.
Convenience food, or tertiary processed food, is food that is commercially prepared (often through processing) to optimise ease of consumption.
A crop is a plant or animal product that can be grown and harvested extensively for profit or subsistence.
In agriculture, crop yield (also known as "agricultural output") refers to both the measure of the yield of a crop per unit area of land cultivation, and the seed generation of the plant itself (e.g. if three grains are harvested for each grain seeded, the resulting yield is 1:3).
The term cultivarCultivar has two denominations as explained in Formal definition.
The dicotyledons, also known as dicots (or more rarely dicotyls), are one of the two groups into which all the flowering plants or angiosperms were formerly divided.
Dietary fiber or roughage is the indigestible portion of food derived from plants.
Fat is one of the three main macronutrients, along with carbohydrate and protein.
The flowering plants, also known as angiosperms, Angiospermae or Magnoliophyta, are the most diverse group of land plants, with 416 families, approximately 13,164 known genera and c. 295,383 known species.
Folate, distinct forms of which are known as folic acid, folacin, and vitamin B9, is one of the B vitamins.
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture, Organizzazione delle Nazioni Unite per l'Alimentazione e l'Agricoltura) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.
Food security is a condition related to the availability of food supply, group of people such as (ethnicities, racial, cultural and religious groups) as well as individuals' access to it.
Fruit anatomy is the plant anatomy of the internal structure of fruit.
Genetic engineering, also called genetic modification or genetic manipulation, is the direct manipulation of an organism's genes using biotechnology.
In the fields of molecular biology and genetics, a genome is the genetic material of an organism.
Germination is the process by which an organism grows from a seed or similar structure.
Gluten (from Latin gluten, "glue") is a composite of storage proteins termed prolamins and glutelins and stored together with starch in the endosperm (which nourishes the embryonic plant during germination) of various cereal (grass) grains.
A gluten-free diet (GFD) is a diet that strictly excludes gluten, a mixture of proteins found in wheat and related grains, including barley, rye, oat, and all their species and hybrids (such as spelt, kamut, and triticale).
A grain is a small, hard, dry seed, with or without an attached hull or fruit layer, harvested for human or animal consumption.
The growing season is the part of the year during which local weather conditions (i.e. rainfall and temperature) permit normal plant growth.
Heredity is the passing on of traits from parents to their offspring, either through asexual reproduction or sexual reproduction, the offspring cells or organisms acquire the genetic information of their parents.
Husk (or hull) in botany is the outer shell or coating of a seed.
The Inca Empire (Quechua: Tawantinsuyu, "The Four Regions"), also known as the Incan Empire and the Inka Empire, was the largest empire in pre-Columbian America, and possibly the largest empire in the world in the early 16th century.
Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe (from ferrum) and atomic number 26.
John Torrey (August 15, 1796 – March 10, 1873) was an American botanist, chemist, and physician.
Kashrut (also kashruth or kashrus) is a set of Jewish religious dietary laws.
King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) (جامعة الملك عبد الله للعلوم و التقنية.) is a private research university located in Thuwal, Saudi Arabia.
A kosher certification agency is an organization that grants a hechsher (הכשר, "seal of approval") to ingredients, packaged foods, beverages, and certain materials, as well as food-service providers and facilities in which kosher food is prepared or served.
Lake Titicaca (Lago Titicaca, Titiqaqa Qucha) is a large, deep lake in the Andes on the border of Bolivia and Peru.
A landrace is a domesticated, locally adapted, traditional variety of a species of animal or plant that has developed over time, through adaptation to its natural and cultural environment of agriculture and pastoralism, and due to isolation from other populations of the species.
A leaf is an organ of a vascular plant and is the principal lateral appendage of the stem.
A leaf miner is the larva of an insect that lives in and eats the leaf tissue of plants.
Livestock are domesticated animals raised in an agricultural setting to produce labor and commodities such as meat, eggs, milk, fur, leather, and wool.
Magnesium is an essential element in biological systems.
Manganese is a chemical element with symbol Mn and atomic number 25.
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) were the eight international development goals for the year 2015 that had been established following the Millennium Summit of the United Nations in 2000, following the adoption of the United Nations Millennium Declaration.
In the context of nutrition, a mineral is a chemical element required as an essential nutrient by organisms to perform functions necessary for life.
In the writings of Karl Marx and the Marxist theory of historical materialism, a mode of production (in German: Produktionsweise, meaning 'the way of producing') is a specific combination of.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
The National Post is a conservative Canadian English-language newspaper.
Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7.
Nutrition is the science that interprets the interaction of nutrients and other substances in food in relation to maintenance, growth, reproduction, health and disease of an organism.
Orator Fuller Cook Jr. (May 28, 1867 – April 23, 1949) was an American botanist, entomologist, and agronomist, known for his work on cotton and rubber cultivation and for coining the term speciation, the process by which new species arise from existing ones.
The Union of Orthodox Jewish Congregations of America (UOJCA), more popularly known as the Orthodox Union (OU), is one of the oldest Orthodox Jewish organizations in the United States.
In the flowering plants, an ovary is a part of the female reproductive organ of the flower or gynoecium.
Oxalic acid is an organic compound with the formula C2H2O4.
Palatability is the hedonic reward (i.e., pleasure) provided by foods or fluids that are agreeable to the "palate", which often varies relative to the homeostatic satisfaction of nutritional, water, or energy needs.
A panicle is a much-branched inflorescence.
Passover or Pesach (from Hebrew Pesah, Pesakh) is a major, biblically derived Jewish holiday.
Peru (Perú; Piruw Republika; Piruw Suyu), officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.
Petals are modified leaves that surround the reproductive parts of flowers.
Phosphorus is a chemical element with symbol P and atomic number 15.
A stem is one of two main structural axes of a vascular plant, the other being the root.
Poaceae or Gramineae is a large and nearly ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants known as grasses, commonly referred to collectively as grass.
Pollination is the transfer of pollen from a male part of a plant to a female part of a plant, enabling later fertilisation and the production of seeds, most often by an animal or by wind.
Poverty is the scarcity or the lack of a certain (variant) amount of material possessions or money.
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
A pseudocereal is one of any non-grasses that are used in much the same way as cereals (true cereals are grasses).
In economics, a public good is a good that is both non-excludable and non-rivalrous in that individuals cannot be effectively excluded from use and where use by one individual does not reduce availability to others.
Quechua, usually called Runasimi ("people's language") in Quechuan languages, is an indigenous language family spoken by the Quechua peoples, primarily living in the Andes and highlands of South America.
The Reference Daily Intake (RDI) is the daily intake level of a nutrient that is considered to be sufficient to meet the requirements of 97–98% of healthy individuals in every demographic in the United States.
The San Luis Valley is a region in south-central Colorado with a small portion overlapping into New Mexico.
Saponins are a class of chemical compounds found in particular abundance in various plant species.
The School Breakfast Program provides federally subsidized breakfasts to children at schools and child care facilities in the United States.
A seed is an embryonic plant enclosed in a protective outer covering.
A seedbed or seedling bed is the local soil environment in which seeds are planted.
Selective breeding (also called artificial selection) is the process by which humans use animal breeding and plant breeding to selectively develop particular phenotypic traits (characteristics) by choosing which typically animal or plant males and females will sexually reproduce and have offspring together.
Self-pollination is when pollen from the same plant arrives at the stigma of a flower (in flowering plants) or at the ovule (in gymnosperms).
South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere.
Spaceflight (also written space flight) is ballistic flight into or through outer space.
Spinach (Spinacia oleracea) is an edible flowering plant in the family Amaranthaceae native to central and western Asia.
Springer Science+Business Media or Springer, part of Springer Nature since 2015, is a global publishing company that publishes books, e-books and peer-reviewed journals in science, humanities, technical and medical (STM) publishing.
A staple food, or simply a staple, is a food that is eaten routinely and in such quantities that it constitutes a dominant portion of a standard diet for a given people, supplying a large fraction of energy needs and generally forming a significant proportion of the intake of other nutrients as well.
Subsistence agriculture is a self-sufficiency farming system in which the farmers focus on growing enough food to feed themselves and their entire families.
A subsistence economy is a non-monetary economy which relies on natural resources to provide for basic needs, through hunting, gathering, and subsistence agriculture.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
Threshing is the process of loosening the edible part of grain (or other crop) from the husks and straw to which it is attached.
In, the EPA established four Toxicity Categories for acute hazards of pesticide products, with "Category I" being the highest toxicity category (toxicity class).
Traditional medicine (also known as indigenous or folk medicine) comprises medical aspects of traditional knowledge that developed over generations within various societies before the era of modern medicine.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA or GA; Assemblée Générale AG) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations (UN), the only one in which all member nations have equal representation, and the main deliberative, policy-making and representative organ of the UN.
An urban refugee is a refugee who decided or was obliged to settle in an urban area rather than in a refugee camp in the country or territory where the person fled to.
In botanical nomenclature, a validly published name is a name that meets the requirements in the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants for valid publication.
Veganism is the practice of abstaining from the use of animal products, particularly in diet, and an associated philosophy that rejects the commodity status of animals.
Wheat is a grass widely cultivated for its seed, a cereal grain which is a worldwide staple food.
William Edwin Safford (December 14, 1859, Chillicothe, Ohio – January 10, 1926) was an American botanist, ethnologist, and educator employed by the U.S. Navy and federal government.
Wind winnowing is an agricultural method developed by ancient cultures for separating grain from chaff.
Zinc is a chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30.
The 2010s in food describes food trends that are characteristic of the 2010s decade.