77 relations: Adaptive capacity, African bee, Algebra, Allometry, Arctic tern, Aurelio José Figueredo, Bacteria, Bacteriophage, Biodiversity, Biological dispersal, C. S. Holling, Carrying capacity, Cephalopod, Climax community, Competition (biology), Crime, Derivative, Diatom, Differential K theory, Drosophila mercatorum, E. O. Wilson, Ecological niche, Ecological resilience, Ecological succession, Ecology, Ecosystem, Elephant, Endemism, Evolution, Evolutionary ecology, Evolutionary game theory, Fauna, Fecundity, Flora, German language, Heuristic, Human, Hypothesis, Inflammation, Insect, Insular biogeography, Intelligence quotient, Intermediate disturbance hypothesis, Italian bee, J. Philippe Rushton, Krakatoa, Landscape, Lee Ellis, Life expectancy, Life history theory, ..., Local extinction, Mammal, Mount St. Helens, Natural selection, Offspring, Parental investment, Phenotypic trait, Plant strategies, Poaceae, Population, Population dynamics, Population growth, Promiscuity, Reproduction, Reptile, Robert H. MacArthur, Rodent, Ruderal species, Scientific literature, Sea turtle, Semelparity and iteroparity, Stephen C. Stearns, Taraxacum, The Theory of Island Biogeography, Trivers–Willard hypothesis, Volcanism, Whale. Expand index (27 more) » « Shrink index
Adaptive capacity is the capacity of a system to adapt if the environment where the system exists is changing.
The African honey bee (Apis mellifera scutellata) is a subspecies of the Western honey bee.
Algebra (from Arabic "al-jabr", literally meaning "reunion of broken parts") is one of the broad parts of mathematics, together with number theory, geometry and analysis.
Allometry is the study of the relationship of body size to shape, anatomy, physiology and finally behaviour, first outlined by Otto Snell in 1892, by D'Arcy Thompson in 1917 in On Growth and Form and by Julian Huxley in 1932.
The Arctic tern (Sterna paradisaea) is a tern in the family Laridae.
Aurelio José Figueredo is an American evolutionary psychologist and professor of psychology at the University of Arizona, where he is also the director of the Ethology and Evolutionary Psychology Laboratory.
Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.
A bacteriophage, also known informally as a phage, is a virus that infects and replicates within Bacteria and Archaea.
Biodiversity, a portmanteau of biological (life) and diversity, generally refers to the variety and variability of life on Earth.
Biological dispersal refers to both the movement of individuals (animals, plants, fungi, bacteria, etc.) from their birth site to their breeding site ('natal dispersal'), as well as the movement from one breeding site to another ('breeding dispersal').
Crawford Stanley (Buzz) Holling, (born December 6, 1930) is a Canadian ecologist, and Emeritus Eminent Scholar and Professor in Ecological Sciences at the University of Florida.
The carrying capacity of a biological species in an environment is the maximum population size of the species that the environment can sustain indefinitely, given the food, habitat, water, and other necessities available in the environment.
A cephalopod is any member of the molluscan class Cephalopoda (Greek plural κεφαλόποδα, kephalópoda; "head-feet") such as a squid, octopus or nautilus.
In ecology, climax community, or climatic climax community, is a historic term for a biological community of plants, animals, and fungi which, through the process of ecological succession in the development of vegetation in an area over time, have reached a steady state.
Competition is an interaction between organisms or species in which both the organisms or species are harmed.
In ordinary language, a crime is an unlawful act punishable by a state or other authority.
The derivative of a function of a real variable measures the sensitivity to change of the function value (output value) with respect to a change in its argument (input value).
Diatoms (diá-tom-os "cut in half", from diá, "through" or "apart"; and the root of tém-n-ō, "I cut".) are a major group of microorganisms found in the oceans, waterways and soils of the world.
In psychology and criminology, Differential K theory is a controversial theory, first proposed by Canadian psychologist J. Philippe Rushton in 1985, which attempts to apply ''r''/''K'' selection theory to human races.
Drosophila mercatorum is a species of fruit fly in the genus Drosophila, repleta subgroup, described by Patterson and Wheeler in 1942.
Edward Osborne Wilson (born June 10, 1929), usually cited as E. O. Wilson, is an American biologist, researcher, theorist, naturalist and author.
In ecology, a niche (CanE, or) is the fit of a species living under specific environmental conditions.
In ecology, resilience is the capacity of an ecosystem to respond to a perturbation or disturbance by resisting damage and recovering quickly.
Ecological succession is the process of change in the species structure of an ecological community over time.
Ecology (from οἶκος, "house", or "environment"; -λογία, "study of") is the branch of biology which studies the interactions among organisms and their environment.
An ecosystem is a community made up of living organisms and nonliving components such as air, water, and mineral soil.
Elephants are large mammals of the family Elephantidae and the order Proboscidea.
Endemism is the ecological state of a species being unique to a defined geographic location, such as an island, nation, country or other defined zone, or habitat type; organisms that are indigenous to a place are not endemic to it if they are also found elsewhere.
Evolution is change in the heritable characteristics of biological populations over successive generations.
Evolutionary ecology lies at the intersection of ecology and evolutionary biology.
Evolutionary game theory (EGT) is the application of game theory to evolving populations in biology.
Fauna is all of the animal life of any particular region or time.
In human demography and population biology, fecundity is the potential for reproduction of an organism or population, measured by the number of gametes (eggs), seed set, or asexual propagules.
Flora is the plant life occurring in a particular region or time, generally the naturally occurring or indigenous—native plant life.
German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.
A heuristic technique (εὑρίσκω, "find" or "discover"), often called simply a heuristic, is any approach to problem solving, learning, or discovery that employs a practical method, not guaranteed to be optimal, perfect, logical, or rational, but instead sufficient for reaching an immediate goal.
Humans (taxonomically Homo sapiens) are the only extant members of the subtribe Hominina.
A hypothesis (plural hypotheses) is a proposed explanation for a phenomenon.
Inflammation (from inflammatio) is part of the complex biological response of body tissues to harmful stimuli, such as pathogens, damaged cells, or irritants, and is a protective response involving immune cells, blood vessels, and molecular mediators.
Insects or Insecta (from Latin insectum) are hexapod invertebrates and the largest group within the arthropod phylum.
Insular biogeography or island biogeography is a field within biogeography that examines the factors that affect the species richness of isolated natural communities.
An intelligence quotient (IQ) is a total score derived from several standardized tests designed to assess human intelligence.
The intermediate disturbance hypothesis (IDH) suggests that local species diversity is maximized when ecological disturbance is neither too rare nor too frequent.
Apis mellifera ligustica is the Italian bee which is a subspecies of the western honey bee (Apis mellifera).
John Philippe Rushton (December 3, 1943 – October 2, 2012) was a Canadian psychologist and author.
Krakatoa, or Krakatau (Krakatau), is a volcanic island situated in the Sunda Strait between the islands of Java and Sumatra in the Indonesian province of Lampung.
A landscape is the visible features of an area of land, its landforms and how they integrate with natural or man-made features.
Altis Lee Ellis (born March 1, 1942) is an American sociologist who was a professor of sociology at Minot State University from 1976 to 2007.
Life expectancy is a statistical measure of the average time an organism is expected to live, based on the year of its birth, its current age and other demographic factors including gender.
Life history theory is an analytical frameworkVitzthum, V. (2008).
Local extinction or extirpation is the condition of a species (or other taxon) that ceases to exist in the chosen geographic area of study, though it still exists elsewhere.
Mammals are the vertebrates within the class Mammalia (from Latin mamma "breast"), a clade of endothermic amniotes distinguished from reptiles (including birds) by the possession of a neocortex (a region of the brain), hair, three middle ear bones, and mammary glands.
Natural selection is the differential survival and reproduction of individuals due to differences in phenotype.
In biology, offspring are the young born of living organisms, produced either by a single organism or, in the case of sexual reproduction, two organisms.
Parental investment (PI), in evolutionary biology and evolutionary psychology, is any parental expenditure (time, energy, etc.) that benefits one offspring at a cost to parents' ability to invest in other components of fitness,Clutton-Brock, T.H. 1991.
A phenotypic trait, or simply trait, is a distinct variant of a phenotypic characteristic of an organism; it may be either inherited or determined environmentally, but typically occurs as a combination of the two.
Plant strategies include mechanisms and responses plants use to reproduce, defend, survive, and compete on the landscape.
Poaceae or Gramineae is a large and nearly ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants known as grasses, commonly referred to collectively as grass.
In biology, a population is all the organisms of the same group or species, which live in a particular geographical area, and have the capability of interbreeding.
Population dynamics is the branch of life sciences that studies the size and age composition of populations as dynamical systems, and the biological and environmental processes driving them (such as birth and death rates, and by immigration and emigration).
In biology or human geography, population growth is the increase in the number of individuals in a population.
Promiscuity is the practice of having casual sex frequently with different partners or being indiscriminate in the choice of sexual partners.
Reproduction (or procreation or breeding) is the biological process by which new individual organisms – "offspring" – are produced from their "parents".
Reptiles are tetrapod animals in the class Reptilia, comprising today's turtles, crocodilians, snakes, amphisbaenians, lizards, tuatara, and their extinct relatives.
Robert Helmer MacArthur (April 7, 1930 – November 1, 1972) was a Canadian-born American ecologist who made a major impact on many areas of community and population ecology.
Rodents (from Latin rodere, "to gnaw") are mammals of the order Rodentia, which are characterized by a single pair of continuously growing incisors in each of the upper and lower jaws.
A ruderal species is a plant species that is first to colonize disturbed lands.
Scientific literature comprises scholarly publications that report original empirical and theoretical work in the natural and social sciences, and within an academic field, often abbreviated as the literature.
Sea turtles (superfamily Chelonioidea), sometimes called marine turtles, are reptiles of the order Testudines.
Semelparity and iteroparity are two classes of possible reproductive strategies available to living organisms.
Stephen C. Stearns (born December 12, 1946, in Kapaau, Hawaii and raised in Hawi, Hawaii), an American biologist, is the Edward P. Bass Professor of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at Yale University.
Taraxacum is a large genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae, which consists of species commonly known as dandelions.
The Theory of Island Biogeography is a 1967 book by Robert MacArthur and Edward O. Wilson.
In evolutionary biology and evolutionary psychology, the Trivers–Willard hypothesis, formally proposed by Robert Trivers and Dan Willard, suggests that female mammals are able to adjust offspring sex ratio in response to their maternal condition.
Volcanism is the phenomenon of eruption of molten rock (magma) onto the surface of the Earth or a solid-surface planet or moon, where lava, pyroclastics and volcanic gases erupt through a break in the surface called a vent.
Whales are a widely distributed and diverse group of fully aquatic placental marine mammals.
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