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RNA polymerase III

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In eukaryote cells, RNA polymerase III (also called Pol III) transcribes DNA to synthesize ribosomal 5S rRNA, tRNA and other small RNAs. [1]

32 relations: Antisense RNA, BDP1, BRF1 (gene), Cell cycle, Cell growth, DNA, DNA polymerase III holoenzyme, Eukaryote, GTF3A, GTF3C1, MAF1, MicroRNA, Promoter (genetics), Retrotransposon, Ribonuclease P, Ribosomal RNA, RNA polymerase II, RNase MRP, Signal recognition particle, Signal recognition particle RNA, Sirolimus, Small nucleolar RNA, Stem-loop, TATA box, TATA-binding protein, Transcription (biology), Transfer RNA, U6 spliceosomal RNA, Vault RNA, Y RNA, 5S ribosomal RNA, 7SK RNA.

Antisense RNA

Antisense RNA (asRNA), also referred to as antisense transcript, natural antisense transcript (NAT) or antisense oligonucleotide, is a single stranded RNA that is complementary to a protein coding messenger RNA (mRNA) with which it hybridizes, and thereby blocks its translation into protein.

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BDP1

Transcription factor TFIIIB component B homolog also known as TFIIIB150 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the BDP1 gene.

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BRF1 (gene)

Transcription factor IIIB 90 kDa subunit is a protein that in humans is encoded by the BRF1 gene.

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Cell cycle

The cell cycle or cell-division cycle is the series of events that take place in a cell leading to its division and duplication of its DNA (DNA replication) to produce two daughter cells.

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Cell growth

The term cell growth is used in the contexts of biological cell development and cell division (reproduction).

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DNA

Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.

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DNA polymerase III holoenzyme

DNA polymerase III holoenzyme is the primary enzyme complex involved in prokaryotic DNA replication.

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Eukaryote

Eukaryotes are organisms whose cells have a nucleus enclosed within membranes, unlike Prokaryotes (Bacteria and other Archaea).

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GTF3A

Transcription factor IIIA is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GTF3A gene.

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GTF3C1

General transcription factor 3C polypeptide 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GTF3C1 gene.

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MAF1

Repressor of RNA polymerase III transcription MAF1 homolog is a protein that in humans is encoded by the MAF1 gene.

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MicroRNA

A microRNA (abbreviated miRNA) is a small non-coding RNA molecule (containing about 22 nucleotides) found in plants, animals and some viruses, that functions in RNA silencing and post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression.

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Promoter (genetics)

In genetics, a promoter is a region of DNA that initiates transcription of a particular gene.

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Retrotransposon

Retrotransposons (also called transposons via RNA intermediates) are genetic elements that can amplify themselves in a genome and are ubiquitous components of the DNA of many eukaryotic organisms.

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Ribonuclease P

Ribonuclease P (RNase P) is a type of ribonuclease which cleaves RNA.

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Ribosomal RNA

Ribosomal ribonucleic acid (rRNA) is the RNA component of the ribosome, and is essential for protein synthesis in all living organisms.

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RNA polymerase II

RNA polymerase II (RNAP II and Pol II) is a multiprotein complex.

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RNase MRP

RNase MRP (also called RMRP) is an enzymatically active ribonucleoprotein with two distinct roles in eukaryotes.

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Signal recognition particle

The signal recognition particle (SRP) is an abundant, cytosolic, universally conserved ribonucleoprotein (protein-RNA complex) that recognizes and targets specific proteins to the endoplasmic reticulum in eukaryotes and the plasma membrane in prokaryotes.

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Signal recognition particle RNA

The signal recognition particle RNA, (also known as 7SL, 6S,, or 4.5S RNA) is part of a the signal recognition particle (SRP) ribonucleoprotein complex.

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Sirolimus

Sirolimus, also known as rapamycin, is a macrolide compound that is used to coat coronary stents, prevent organ transplant rejection and to treat a rare lung disease called lymphangioleiomyomatosis.

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Small nucleolar RNA

Small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) are a class of small RNA molecules that primarily guide chemical modifications of other RNAs, mainly ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs and small nuclear RNAs.

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Stem-loop

Stem-loop intramolecular base pairing is a pattern that can occur in single-stranded DNA or, more commonly, in RNA.

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TATA box

In molecular biology, the TATA box (also called the Goldberg-Hogness box) is a sequence of DNA found in the core promoter region of genes in archaea and eukaryotes.

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TATA-binding protein

The TATA-binding protein (TBP) is a general transcription factor that binds specifically to a DNA sequence called the TATA box.

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Transcription (biology)

Transcription is the first step of gene expression, in which a particular segment of DNA is copied into RNA (especially mRNA) by the enzyme RNA polymerase.

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Transfer RNA

A transfer RNA (abbreviated tRNA and formerly referred to as sRNA, for soluble RNA) is an adaptor molecule composed of RNA, typically 76 to 90 nucleotides in length, that serves as the physical link between the mRNA and the amino acid sequence of proteins.

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U6 spliceosomal RNA

U6 snRNA is the non-coding small nuclear RNA (snRNA) component of U6 snRNP (small nuclear ribonucleoprotein), an RNA-protein complex that combines with other snRNPs, unmodified pre-mRNA, and various other proteins to assemble a spliceosome, a large RNA-protein molecular complex that catalyzes the excision of introns from pre-mRNA.

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Vault RNA

Many eukaryotic cells contain large ribonucleoprotein particles in the cytoplasm known as vaults.

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Y RNA

Y RNAs are small non-coding RNAs.

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5S ribosomal RNA

The 5S ribosomal RNA (5S rRNA) is an approximately 120 nucleotide-long ribosomal RNA molecule with a mass of 40 kDa.

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7SK RNA

In molecular biology 7SK is an abundant small nuclear RNA found in metazoans.

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Redirects here:

RNA Pol III, RNA Pol iii, RNA pol III, RNA pol iii, Rna Pol III, Rna Pol iii, Rna pol III, Rna pol iii, Rna polymerase iii.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RNA_polymerase_III

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