125 relations: Abstraction (computer science), AGILE (satellite), AIDA (computing), ALICE experiment, Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer, Antarctic Impulse Transient Antenna, ANTARES (telescope), Astronomy, Astroparticle physics, ATLAS experiment, BaBar experiment, Belle experiment, BES III, C++, CERN, CERN Program Library, CINT, Command-line interface, Compact Muon Solenoid, COMPASS experiment, Computational science, Computer performance, Computer program, Cross-platform, Cryogenic Rare Event Search with Superconducting Thermometers, CUORE, Curve fitting, D0 experiment, Dark Matter Time Projection Chamber, Data acquisition, Data analysis, Data mining, Database, Distributed computing, Distribution (mathematics), Event generator, Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope, Fortran, Four-vector, Function (mathematics), Functional (mathematics), Gamma-ray astronomy, Geant4, GlueX, GNU General Public License, GNU Lesser General Public License, GRAPES-3, Graph of a function, Graphical user interface, Graphical user interface builder, ..., Grid computing, High Altitude Water Cherenkov Experiment, High Energy Stereoscopic System, HippoDraw, Histogram, Hitomi (satellite), IA-32, IBM AIX, IBM OpenDX, IceCube Neutrino Observatory, IGOR Pro, Interpreter (computing), Java Analysis Studio, Large Hadron Collider, LaTeX, LHCb experiment, Library (computing), Linux, MacOS, MAGIC (telescope), MATLAB, Matplotlib, Matrix (mathematics), Maximum likelihood estimation, Megabyte, Microsoft Windows, Milagro (experiment), MINERνA, MINOS, Monte Carlo method, Mu2e, Multivariate analysis, NA61 experiment, Neural network, NOvA, NumPy, Object-oriented programming, OpenScientist, OPERA experiment, Operating system, PAMELA detector, Particle physics, PDF, Perl, Perl Data Language, Persistence (computer science), Petabyte, PHENIX detector, Physics Analysis Workstation, Pierre Auger Observatory, Plot (graphics), PoGOLite, Portable Network Graphics, PostScript, Python (programming language), R (programming language), Reflection (computer programming), Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider, Ruby (programming language), Scalable Vector Graphics, Scientific Linux, SciPy, Scripting language, Serialization, SNO+, Solaris (operating system), Standard Template Library, STAR detector, Statistics, T2K experiment, VERITAS, Visualization (graphics), X-ray astronomy, X86-64, 3D computer graphics. Expand index (75 more) » « Shrink index
In software engineering and computer science, abstraction is.
AGILE (Astro‐Rivelatore Gamma a Immagini Leggero) is an X-ray and Gamma ray astronomical satellite of the Italian Space Agency (ASI).
Abstract Interfaces for Data Analysis (AIDA) is a set of defined interfaces and formats for representing common data analysis objects.
ALICE (A Large Ion Collider Experiment) is one of seven detector experiments at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN.
The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer, also designated AMS-02, is a particle physics experiment module that is mounted on the International Space Station (ISS).
The Antarctic Impulsive Transient Antenna (ANITA) experiment has been designed to study ultra-high-energy (UHE) cosmic neutrinos by detecting the radio pulses emitted by their interactions with the Antarctic ice sheet.
ANTARES is the name of a neutrino detector residing 2.5 km under the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Toulon, France.
Astronomy (from ἀστρονομία) is a natural science that studies celestial objects and phenomena.
Astroparticle physics, also called particle astrophysics, is a branch of particle physics that studies elementary particles of astronomical origin and their relation to astrophysics and cosmology.
ATLAS (A Toroidal LHC ApparatuS) is one of the seven particle detector experiments constructed at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), a particle accelerator at CERN (the European Organization for Nuclear Research) in Switzerland.
The BaBar experiment, or simply BaBar, is an international collaboration of more than 500 physicists and engineers studying the subatomic world at energies of approximately ten times the rest mass of a proton (~10 GeV).
The Belle experiment was a particle physics experiment conducted by the Belle Collaboration, an international collaboration of more than 400 physicists and engineers, at the High Energy Accelerator Research Organisation (KEK) in Tsukuba, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan.
The Beijing Spectrometer III (BES III) is a particle physics experiment at the Beijing Electron–Positron Collider II (BEPC II) at the Institute of High Energy Physics (IHEP).
C++ ("see plus plus") is a general-purpose programming language.
The European Organization for Nuclear Research (Organisation européenne pour la recherche nucléaire), known as CERN (derived from the name Conseil européen pour la recherche nucléaire), is a European research organization that operates the largest particle physics laboratory in the world.
The CERN Program Library or CERNLIB was a set of FORTRAN 77 libraries and modules, developed at the European Organization for Nuclear Research CERN.
CINT is a command line C/C++ interpreter that is included in the object oriented data analysis package ROOT.
A command-line interface or command language interpreter (CLI), also known as command-line user interface, console user interface and character user interface (CUI), is a means of interacting with a computer program where the user (or client) issues commands to the program in the form of successive lines of text (command lines).
The Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) experiment is one of two large general-purpose particle physics detectors built on the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN in Switzerland and France.
The NA58 experiment, or COMPASS (standing for "Common Muon and Proton Apparatus for Structure and Spectroscopy") is a 60-metre-long fixed-target experiment at the M2 beam line of the SPS at CERN.
Computational science (also scientific computing or scientific computation (SC)) is a rapidly growing multidisciplinary field that uses advanced computing capabilities to understand and solve complex problems.
Computer performance is the amount of work accomplished by a computer system.
A computer program is a collection of instructions for performing a specific task that is designed to solve a specific class of problems.
In computing, cross-platform software (also multi-platform software or platform-independent software) is computer software that is implemented on multiple computing platforms.
The Cryogenic Rare Event Search with Superconducting Thermometers (CRESST) is a collaboration of European experimental particle physics groups involved in the construction of cryogenic detectors for direct dark matter searches.
The Cryogenic Underground Observatory for Rare Events (CUORE, pronounced) is a particle physics facility located underground at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso in Assergi, Italy.
Curve fitting is the process of constructing a curve, or mathematical function, that has the best fit to a series of data points, possibly subject to constraints.
The DØ experiment (sometimes written D0 experiment, or DZero experiment) consists of a worldwide collaboration of scientists conducting research on the fundamental nature of matter.
The Dark Matter Time Projection Chamber (DMTPC) is an experiment for direct detection of weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs), one of the most favored candidates for dark matter.
Data acquisition is the process of sampling signals that measure real world physical conditions and converting the resulting samples into digital numeric values that can be manipulated by a computer.
Data analysis is a process of inspecting, cleansing, transforming, and modeling data with the goal of discovering useful information, informing conclusions, and supporting decision-making.
Data mining is the process of discovering patterns in large data sets involving methods at the intersection of machine learning, statistics, and database systems.
A database is an organized collection of data, stored and accessed electronically.
Distributed computing is a field of computer science that studies distributed systems.
Distributions (or generalized functions) are objects that generalize the classical notion of functions in mathematical analysis.
Event generators are software libraries that generate simulated high-energy particle physics events.
The Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope (FGST), formerly called the Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescope (GLAST), is a space observatory being used to perform gamma-ray astronomy observations from low Earth orbit.
Fortran (formerly FORTRAN, derived from Formula Translation) is a general-purpose, compiled imperative programming language that is especially suited to numeric computation and scientific computing.
In special relativity, a four-vector (also known as a 4-vector) is an object with four components, which transform in a specific way under Lorentz transformation.
In mathematics, a function was originally the idealization of how a varying quantity depends on another quantity.
In mathematics, the term functional (as a noun) has at least two meanings.
Gamma-ray astronomy is the astronomical observation of gamma rays,Astronomical literature generally hyphenates "gamma-ray" when used as an adjective, but uses "gamma ray" without a hyphen for the noun.
Geant4 (for GEometry ANd Tracking) is a platform for "the simulation of the passage of particles through matter," using Monte Carlo methods.
GlueX is a particle physics experiment located at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab) accelerator.
The GNU General Public License (GNU GPL or GPL) is a widely used free software license, which guarantees end users the freedom to run, study, share and modify the software.
The GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) is a free software license published by the Free Software Foundation (FSF).
The GRAPES-3 experiment (or Gamma Ray Astronomy PeV EnergieS phase-3) located at Ooty in India started as a collaboration of the Indian Tata Institute of Fundamental Research and the Japanese Osaka City University, and now also includes the Japanese Nagoya Women's University.
In mathematics, the graph of a function f is, formally, the set of all ordered pairs, and, in practice, the graphical representation of this set.
The graphical user interface (GUI), is a type of user interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices through graphical icons and visual indicators such as secondary notation, instead of text-based user interfaces, typed command labels or text navigation.
A graphical user interface builder (or GUI builder), also known as GUI designer, is a software development tool that simplifies the creation of GUIs by allowing the designer to arrange graphical control elements (often called widgets) using a drag-and-drop WYSIWYG editor.
Grid computing is the collection of computer resources from multiple locations to reach a common goal.
The High Altitude Water Cherenkov Experiment or High Altitude Water Cherenkov Observatory (also known as HAWC) is a gamma-ray and cosmic ray observatory located on the flanks of the Sierra Negra volcano in the Mexican state of Puebla at an altitude of 4100 meters, at.
High Energy Stereoscopic System (H.E.S.S.) is a system of Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescopes (IACT) for the investigation of cosmic gamma rays in the photon energy range of 0.03 to 100 TeV.
HippoDraw is a powerful object-oriented statistical data analysis package written in C++, with user interaction via a Qt-based GUI and a Python-scriptable interface.
A histogram is an accurate representation of the distribution of numerical data.
, also known as ASTRO-H and New X-ray Telescope (NeXT), was an X-ray astronomy satellite commissioned by the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) for studying extremely energetic processes in the Universe.
IA-32 (short for "Intel Architecture, 32-bit", sometimes also called i386) is the 32-bit version of the x86 instruction set architecture, first implemented in the Intel 80386 microprocessors in 1985.
AIX (Advanced Interactive eXecutive, pronounced) is a series of proprietary Unix operating systems developed and sold by IBM for several of its computer platforms.
OpenDX stands for Open Data Explorer and is IBM's scientific data visualization software.
The IceCube Neutrino Observatory (or simply IceCube) is a neutrino observatory constructed at the Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station in Antarctica.
IGOR Pro is a scientific data analysis software, numerical computing environment and programming language that runs on Windows or Mac operating systems.
In computer science, an interpreter is a computer program that directly executes, i.e. performs, instructions written in a programming or scripting language, without requiring them previously to have been compiled into a machine language program.
Java Analysis Studio (JAS) is an object oriented data analysis package developed for the analysis of particle physics data.
The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is the world's largest and most powerful particle collider, the most complex experimental facility ever built and the largest single machine in the world.
LaTeX (or; a shortening of Lamport TeX) is a document preparation system.
The LHCb (standing for "Large Hadron Collider beauty") experiment is one of seven particle physics detector experiments collecting data at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN.
In computer science, a library is a collection of non-volatile resources used by computer programs, often for software development.
Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.
macOS (previously and later) is a series of graphical operating systems developed and marketed by Apple Inc. since 2001.
MAGIC (Major Atmospheric Gamma Imaging Cherenkov Telescopes) is a system of two Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes situated at the Roque de los Muchachos Observatory on La Palma, one of the Canary Islands, at about 2200 m above sea level.
MATLAB (matrix laboratory) is a multi-paradigm numerical computing environment and proprietary programming language developed by MathWorks.
Matplotlib is a plotting library for the Python programming language and its numerical mathematics extension NumPy.
In mathematics, a matrix (plural: matrices) is a rectangular array of numbers, symbols, or expressions, arranged in rows and columns.
In statistics, maximum likelihood estimation (MLE) is a method of estimating the parameters of a statistical model, given observations.
The megabyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.
Milagro (the Spanish word for miracle) was a ground-based water Cherenkov radiation telescope situated in the Jemez Mountains near Los Alamos, New Mexico at the Fenton Hill Observatory site.
Main Injector Experiment for ν-A, or MINERνA, is a neutrino scattering experiment which uses the NuMI beamline at Fermilab.
Main injector neutrino oscillation search (MINOS) was a particle physics experiment designed to study the phenomena of neutrino oscillations, first discovered by a Super-Kamiokande (Super-K) experiment in 1998.
Monte Carlo methods (or Monte Carlo experiments) are a broad class of computational algorithms that rely on repeated random sampling to obtain numerical results.
Mu2e, or the Muon-to-Electron Conversion Experiment, is a particle physics experiment at Fermilab in the US.
Multivariate analysis (MVA) is based on the statistical principle of multivariate statistics, which involves observation and analysis of more than one statistical outcome variable at a time.
NA61/SHINE (standing for "SPS Heavy Ion and Neutrino Experiment") is a particle physics experiment at the Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS) at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN).
The term neural network was traditionally used to refer to a network or circuit of neurons.
The NOνA (NuMI Off-Axis νe Appearance) experiment is a particle physics experiment designed to detect neutrinos in Fermilab's NuMI (Neutrinos at the Main Injector) beam.
NumPy (pronounced or sometimes) is a library for the Python programming language, adding support for large, multi-dimensional arrays and matrices, along with a large collection of high-level mathematical functions to operate on these arrays.
Object-oriented programming (OOP) is a programming paradigm based on the concept of "objects", which may contain data, in the form of fields, often known as attributes; and code, in the form of procedures, often known as methods. A feature of objects is that an object's procedures can access and often modify the data fields of the object with which they are associated (objects have a notion of "this" or "self").
OpenScientist is an integration of open source products working together to do scientific visualization and data analysis, in particular for high energy physics (HEP).
The Oscillation Project with Emulsion-tRacking Apparatus (OPERA) was an instrument used in a scientific experiment for detecting tau neutrinos from muon neutrino oscillations.
An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
PAMELA (Payload for Antimatter Matter Exploration and Light-nuclei Astrophysics) was a cosmic ray research module attached to an Earth orbiting satellite.
Particle physics (also high energy physics) is the branch of physics that studies the nature of the particles that constitute matter and radiation.
The Portable Document Format (PDF) is a file format developed in the 1990s to present documents, including text formatting and images, in a manner independent of application software, hardware, and operating systems.
Perl is a family of two high-level, general-purpose, interpreted, dynamic programming languages, Perl 5 and Perl 6.
Perl Data Language (abbreviated PDL) is a set of free software array programming extensions to the Perl programming language.
In computer science, persistence refers to the characteristic of state that outlives the process that created it.
The petabyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
The PHENIX detector (for Pioneering High Energy Nuclear Interaction eXperiment) is the largest of the four experiments that have taken data at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) in Brookhaven National Laboratory, United States.
The Physics Analysis Workstation (PAW) is an interactive, scriptable computer software tool for data analysis and graphical presentation in High Energy Physics (HEP).
The Pierre Auger Observatory is an international cosmic ray observatory in Argentina designed to detect ultra-high-energy cosmic rays: sub-atomic particles traveling nearly at the speed of light and each with energies beyond 1018 eV.
A plot is a graphical technique for representing a data set, usually as a graph showing the relationship between two or more variables.
PoGOLite (The Polarised Gamma-ray Observer) is a balloon-borne astroparticle physics experiment which is to measure polarisation in hard X-rays and soft gamma-rays.
Portable Network Graphics (PNG, pronounced or) is a raster graphics file format that supports lossless data compression.
PostScript (PS) is a page description language in the electronic publishing and desktop publishing business.
Python is an interpreted high-level programming language for general-purpose programming.
R is a programming language and free software environment for statistical computing and graphics that is supported by the R Foundation for Statistical Computing.
In computer science, reflection is the ability of a computer program to examine, introspect, and modify its own structure and behavior at runtime.
The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) is the first and one of only two operating heavy-ion colliders, and the only spin-polarized proton collider ever built.
Ruby is a dynamic, interpreted, reflective, object-oriented, general-purpose programming language.
Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) is an XML-based vector image format for two-dimensional graphics with support for interactivity and animation.
Scientific Linux (SL) is a Linux distribution produced by Fermilab, CERN, DESY and by ETH Zurich.
SciPy (pronounced /ˈsaɪpaɪ'/ "Sigh Pie") is a free and open-source Python library used for scientific computing and technical computing.
A scripting or script language is a programming language that supports scripts: programs written for a special run-time environment that automate the execution of tasks that could alternatively be executed one-by-one by a human operator.
In computer science, in the context of data storage, serialization is the process of translating data structures or object state into a format that can be stored (for example, in a file or memory buffer) or transmitted (for example, across a network connection link) and reconstructed later (possibly in a different computer environment).
SNO+ is a physics experiment designed to search for neutrinoless double beta decay, with secondary measurements of proton–electron–proton (pep) solar neutrinos, geoneutrinos from radioactive decays in the Earth, and reactor neutrinos.
Solaris is a Unix operating system originally developed by Sun Microsystems.
The Standard Template Library (STL) is a software library for the C++ programming language that influenced many parts of the C++ Standard Library.
The STAR detector (for Solenoidal Tracker at RHIC) is one of the four experiments at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) in Brookhaven National Laboratory, United States.
Statistics is a branch of mathematics dealing with the collection, analysis, interpretation, presentation, and organization of data.
T2K (Tokai to Kamioka, Japan) is a particle physics experiment that is a collaboration between several countries, including Japan, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, South Korea, Poland, Russia, Spain, Switzerland, the United States, and the United Kingdom.
VERITAS (Very Energetic Radiation Imaging Telescope Array System) is a major ground-based gamma-ray observatory with an array of four 12 meter optical reflectors for gamma-ray astronomy in the GeV – TeV photon energy range.
Visualization or visualisation (see spelling differences) is any technique for creating images, diagrams, or animations to communicate a message.
X-ray astronomy is an observational branch of astronomy which deals with the study of X-ray observation and detection from astronomical objects.
x86-64 (also known as x64, x86_64, AMD64 and Intel 64) is the 64-bit version of the x86 instruction set.
3D computer graphics or three-dimensional computer graphics, (in contrast to 2D computer graphics) are graphics that use a three-dimensional representation of geometric data (often Cartesian) that is stored in the computer for the purposes of performing calculations and rendering 2D images.