210 relations: Adaptive traffic control, ALOHAnet, Animal identification, Ant, Antenna (radio), Ars Technica, AS5678, Asset tracking, ASTM International, Authentication, Auto-ID Labs, Automatic identification and data capture, Backscatter, Baja Beach Club, Balise, Barcelona, Barcode, Basic access control, Berlin, Bicycle locker, Bin bug, Biocompatibility, Biometric passport, Bit, Bluetooth low energy beacon, Boarding pass, Bovine spongiform encephalopathy, Boycott, Broadcasting, Buffer overflow, Cargo, Casino token, Challenge–response authentication, Chaos Communication Congress, Chaos Computer Club, Charles Walton (inventor), Chipless RFID, Cleckheaton, Clipped tag, CompTIA, Conrad Chase, Consumer privacy, Contactless payment, Conveyor belt, Covert listening device, Cryptography, Cybernetics, DASH7, Deister Electronics, Demodulation, ..., Denial-of-service attack, Diaphragm (acoustics), Digital signature, Digitalcourage, Doncaster, E-ZPass, Egg cell, Electromagnetic field, Electronic article surveillance, Electronic Product Code, Electronic toll collection, Enduro, England, EPCglobal, ETSI, European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations, European Union, Exploratorium, Faraday cage, FDA warning letter, Federal Trade Commission, Food and Drug Administration, Free software movement, Frequency allocation, Fuzzy mathematics, General practitioner, General Services Administration, Germany, GS1, GS1 US, Hare and Hound (motorcycle race), High frequency, IBM, Identification friend or foe, Identity document, In vitro fertilisation, Integrated circuit, Intelligent transportation system, Interference (communication), Intermec, International Air Transport Association, International Article Number, International Civil Aviation Organization, International Electrotechnical Commission, International Organization for Standardization, Internet of things, ISM band, ISO 14223, ISO/IEC 14443, ISO/IEC 15693, ISO/IEC 18000, ISO/IEC 18000-3, ISO/IEC 20248, ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31 Automatic identification and data capture techniques, Item-level tagging, Katherine Albrecht, Kevin Warwick, Léon Theremin, Liz McIntyre (writer), London, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Low frequency, Loyalty program, Machine-readable passport, Magnetic stripe card, Malaysia, Mario Cardullo, Mark Gasson, Mass surveillance, Microchip implant (animal), Microchip implant (human), Microwave, Middleware, MIFARE, Minyanville, Modulation, Monochrom, National Football League, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Natural gas, Near and far field, Near-field communication, New York City, Object Naming Service, Orienteering, Osaka, Panopticon, Paul Moskowitz, Pay as you throw, Personal identification number, Pipeline transport, Privacy by design, Proximity card, Public-key cryptography, Quarterback, Radio frequency, Radio wave, Radio-frequency identification in schools, Rail transport, Read-only memory, Real-time locating system, Resonant inductive coupling, Resonator, RFID on metal, RFID skimming, RFID testing, Richard Stallman, Rolling code, Rome, Rotterdam, RSA blocker tag, San Francisco, Security, Self-checkout, Sensor, Sewerage, Silicon on insulator, Singulation, Ski lift, Ski resort, Smart card, Smart label, Smartdust, Soviet Union, Speedpass, Spermatozoon, Super high frequency, Supply chain, Supply chain management, Surveillance, Symmetric-key algorithm, Technical standard, TecTile, Telemetry, Terabyte, The Thing (listening device), Tracking system, Transparent Prototype, Transponder, Transponder (aeronautics), Transponder timing, Ultra high frequency, United States, United States Department of Agriculture, United States Department of Defense, United States Department of Veterans Affairs, United States passport, Universal Product Code, University of Bristol, URL, Vatican Library, Walmart, Whitcliffe Mount School, Wired (magazine), Wireless identification and sensing platform, Wisconsin, World Summit on the Information Society, World War II, Zebra Technologies, Zipcar. Expand index (160 more) » « Shrink index
Adaptive traffic control system (ATCS) is a traffic management strategy in which traffic signal timing changes, or adapts, based on actual traffic demand.
ALOHAnet, also known as the ALOHA System, or simply ALOHA, was a pioneering computer networking system developed at the University of Hawaii.
Animal identification using a means of marking is a process done to identify and track specific animals.
Ants are eusocial insects of the family Formicidae and, along with the related wasps and bees, belong to the order Hymenoptera.
In radio, an antenna is the interface between radio waves propagating through space and electric currents moving in metal conductors, used with a transmitter or receiver.
Ars Technica (a Latin-derived term that the site translates as the "art of technology") is a website covering news and opinions in technology, science, politics, and society, created by Ken Fisher and Jon Stokes in 1998.
AS5678 is a requirements specification created by SAE International for the production and test of passive only Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tags for the Aerospace industry.
Asset tracking refers to the method of tracking physical assets, either by scanning barcode labels attached to the assets or by using tags using GPS, BLE or RFID which broadcast their location.
ASTM International is an international standards organization that develops and publishes voluntary consensus technical standards for a wide range of materials, products, systems, and services.
Authentication (from authentikos, "real, genuine", from αὐθέντης authentes, "author") is the act of confirming the truth of an attribute of a single piece of data claimed true by an entity.
The Auto-ID Labs network is a research group in the field of networked radio-frequency identification (RFID) and emerging sensing technologies.
Automatic identification and data capture (AIDC) refers to the methods of automatically identifying objects, collecting data about them, and entering them directly into computer systems, without human involvement.
In physics, backscatter (or backscattering) is the reflection of waves, particles, or signals back to the direction from which they came.
The Baja Beach Club was an exclusive nightclub in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
A balise is an electronic beacon or transponder placed between the rails of a railway as part of an automatic train protection (ATP) system.
Barcelona is a city in Spain.
A barcode (also bar code) is an optical, machine-readable, representation of data; the data usually describes something about the object that carries the barcode.
Basic access control (BAC) is a mechanism specified to ensure only authorized parties can wirelessly read personal information from passports with an RFID chip.
Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states.
A bicycle locker or bike box is a locker or box in which up to 2 bicycles can be placed and locked in.
The term "bin bug" was coined in August 2006 by the British media to refer to the use of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) chips by some local councils to monitor the amount of domestic waste created by each household.
Biocompatibility is related to the behavior of biomaterials in various contexts.
A biometric passport (also known as an e-passport, ePassport or a digital passport) is a traditional passport that has an embedded electronic microprocessor chip which contains biometric information that can be used to authenticate the identity of the passport holder.
The bit (a portmanteau of binary digit) is a basic unit of information used in computing and digital communications.
Bluetooth beacons are hardware transmitters - a class of Bluetooth low energy (LE) devices that broadcast their identifier to nearby portable electronic devices.
A boarding pass is a document provided by an airline during check-in, giving a passenger permission to enter the restricted area of an airport and to board the airplane for a particular flight.
Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), commonly known as mad cow disease, is a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy and fatal neurodegenerative disease in cattle that may be passed to humans who have eaten infected flesh.
A boycott is an act of voluntary and intentional abstention from using, buying, or dealing with a person, organization, or country as an expression of protest, usually for moral, social, political, or environmental reasons.
Broadcasting is the distribution of audio or video content to a dispersed audience via any electronic mass communications medium, but typically one using the electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves), in a one-to-many model.
In information security and programming, a buffer overflow, or buffer overrun, is an anomaly where a program, while writing data to a buffer, overruns the buffer's boundary and overwrites adjacent memory locations.
In economics, cargo or freight are goods or produce being conveyed – generally for commercial gain – by water, air or land.
Casino tokens (also known as casino or gaming chips, checks, or cheques) are small discs used in lieu of currency in casinos.
In computer security, challenge–response authentication is a family of protocols in which one party presents a question ("challenge") and another party must provide a valid answer ("response") to be authenticated.
The Chaos Communication Congress is an annual conference organized by the Chaos Computer Club.
The Chaos Computer Club (CCC) is Europe's largest association of hackers with 7,700 registered members.
Charles Walton (1921 – November 6, 2011) is best known as the first patent holder for the RFID (radio frequency identification) device.
Chipless RFID tags are RFID tags that do not require a microchip in the transponder.
Cleckheaton is a town in the Metropolitan borough of Kirklees, in West Yorkshire, England.
The clipped tag is a radio frequency identification (RFID) tag designed to enhance consumer privacy.
The Computing Technology Industry Association (CompTIA), a non-profit trade association, issuing professional certifications for the information technology (IT) industry.
Conrad Keven Chase (born June 9, 1965 in Portland, Maine) is an actor, singer/song-writer and public speaker.
Consumer privacy is a form of information privacy concerned with the legal and political issues arising from the interaction of the public's expectation of privacy with the collection and dissemination of data by businesses or merchants.
Contactless payment systems are credit cards and debit cards, key fobs, smart cards, or other devices, including smartphones and other mobile devices, that use radio-frequency identification (RFID) or near field communication (NFC, e.g. Samsung Pay, Apple Pay, Google Pay, Fitbit Pay, or any bank mobile application that support Contactless) for making secure payments.
A conveyor belt is the carrying medium of a belt conveyor system (often shortened to belt conveyor).
A covert listening device, more commonly known as a bug or a wire, is usually a combination of a miniature radio transmitter with a microphone.
Cryptography or cryptology (from κρυπτός|translit.
Cybernetics is a transdisciplinary approach for exploring regulatory systems—their structures, constraints, and possibilities.
DASH7 Alliance Protocol (D7A) is an open source Wireless Sensor and Actuator Network protocol, which operates in the 433 MHz, 868 MHz and 915 MHz unlicensed ISM band/SRD band.
Deister Electronic is the name generally used to refer to Deister Electronic GmbH Barsinghausen, Germany, and its subsidiaries in North America.
Demodulation is extracting the original information-bearing signal from a carrier wave.
In computing, a denial-of-service attack (DoS attack) is a cyber-attack in which the perpetrator seeks to make a machine or network resource unavailable to its intended users by temporarily or indefinitely disrupting services of a host connected to the Internet.
In the field of acoustics, a diaphragm is a transducer intended to inter-convert mechanical vibrations to sounds, or vice versa.
A digital signature is a mathematical scheme for presenting the authenticity of digital messages or documents.
Digitalcourage – known until November 2012 as FoeBuD (Verein zur Förderung des öffentlichen bewegten und unbewegten Datenverkehrs) – is a German privacy and digital rights organisation.
Doncaster is a large market town in South Yorkshire, England.
E‑ZPass is an electronic toll collection system used on most tolled roads, bridges, and tunnels in the Midwestern and Northeastern United States, as far south as North Carolina and as far west as Illinois.
The egg cell, or ovum (plural ova), is the female reproductive cell (gamete) in oogamous organisms.
An electromagnetic field (also EMF or EM field) is a physical field produced by electrically charged objects.
Electronic article surveillance is a technological method for preventing shoplifting from retail stores, pilferage of books from libraries or removal of properties from office buildings.
The Electronic Product Code (EPC) is designed as a universal identifier that provides a unique identity for every physical object anywhere in the world, for all time.
Electronic toll collection (ETC) aims to eliminate the delay on toll roads, HOV lanes, toll bridges, and toll tunnels by collecting tolls without cash and without requiring cars to stop.
Enduro is a form of motorcycle sport run on extended cross-country, off-road courses.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
EPCglobal is a joint venture between GS1 (formerly known as EAN International) and GS1 US (formerly the Uniform Code Council, Inc.). It is an organization set up to achieve worldwide adoption and standardization of Electronic Product Code (EPC) technology.
The European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) is an independent, not-for-profit, standardization organization in the telecommunications industry (equipment makers and network operators) in Europe, headquartered in Sophia-Antipolis, France, with worldwide projection.
The European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations (CEPT) was established on June 26, 1959, as a coordinating body for European state telecommunications and postal organizations.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
The Exploratorium is a museum in San Francisco that allows visitors to explore the world through science, art, and human perception.
A Faraday cage or Faraday shield is an enclosure used to block electromagnetic fields.
An FDA warning letter is an official message from the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to a manufacturer or other organization that has violated some rule in a federally regulated activity.
The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) is an independent agency of the United States government, established in 1914 by the Federal Trade Commission Act.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or USFDA) is a federal agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, one of the United States federal executive departments.
The free software movement (FSM) or free / open source software movement (FOSSM) or free / libre open source software (FLOSS) is a social movement with the goal of obtaining and guaranteeing certain freedoms for software users, namely the freedom to run the software, to study and change the software, and to redistribute copies with or without changes.
Frequency allocation (or spectrum allocation or spectrum management) is the allocation and regulation of the electromagnetic spectrum into radio frequency bands, which is normally done by governments in most countries.
Fuzzy mathematics forms a branch of mathematics related to fuzzy set theory and fuzzy logic.
In the medical profession, a general practitioner (GP) is a medical doctor who treats acute and chronic illnesses and provides preventive care and health education to patients.
The General Services Administration (GSA), an independent agency of the United States government, was established in 1949 to help manage and support the basic functioning of federal agencies.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
GS1 is a not-for-profit organisation that develops and maintains global standards for business communication.
GS1 US is the GS1 Member Organization in the United States of America.
In the United States, a Hare & Hound is a type of off-road racing event where the entrants compete on dirt bikes over a marked course of natural rugged terrain.
High frequency (HF) is the ITU designation for the range of radio frequency electromagnetic waves (radio waves) between 3 and 30 megahertz (MHz).
The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries.
Identification, friend or foe (IFF) is an identification system designed for command and control.
An identity document (also called a piece of identification or ID, or colloquially as papers) is any document which may be used to prove a person's identity.
In vitro fertilisation (IVF) is a process of fertilisation where an egg is combined with sperm outside the body, in vitro ("in glass").
An integrated circuit or monolithic integrated circuit (also referred to as an IC, a chip, or a microchip) is a set of electronic circuits on one small flat piece (or "chip") of semiconductor material, normally silicon.
An intelligent transportation system (ITS) is an advanced application which, without embodying intelligence as such, aims to provide innovative services relating to different modes of transport and traffic management and enable users to be better informed and make safer, more coordinated, and 'smarter' use of transport networks.
In communications and electronics, especially in telecommunications, interference is anything which modifies, or disrupts a signal as it travels along a channel between a source and a receiver.
Intermec is a manufacturer and supplier of automated identification and data capture equipment, including barcode scanners, barcode printers, mobile computers, RFID systems, voice recognition systems, and life cycle services.
The International Air Transport Association (IATA) is a trade association of the world’s airlines.
The International Article Number (also known as European Article Number or EAN) is a standard describing a barcode symbology and numbering system used in global trade to identify a specific retail product type, in a specific packaging configuration, from a specific manufacturer.
The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO Organisation de l'aviation civile internationale, OACI), is a specialized agency of the United Nations.
The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC; in French: Commission électrotechnique internationale) is an international standards organization that prepares and publishes International Standards for all electrical, electronic and related technologies – collectively known as "electrotechnology".
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations.
The Internet of Things (IoT) is the network of physical devices, vehicles, home appliances, and other items embedded with electronics, software, sensors, actuators, and connectivity which enables these things to connect and exchange data, creating opportunities for more direct integration of the physical world into computer-based systems, resulting in efficiency improvements, economic benefits, and reduced human exertions.
The industrial, scientific and medical (ISM) radio bands are radio bands (portions of the radio spectrum) reserved internationally for the use of radio frequency (RF) energy for industrial, scientific and medical purposes other than telecommunications.
ISO 14223 identification of animals — Advanced transponders is an international standard that specifies the structure of the radio frequency (RF) code for advanced transponders for animals.
ISO/IEC 14443 Identification cards -- Contactless integrated circuit cards -- Proximity cards is an international standard that defines proximity cards used for identification, and the transmission protocols for communicating with it.
ISO/IEC 15693, is an ISO standard for vicinity cards, i.e. cards which can be read from a greater distance as compared with proximity cards.
ISO/IEC 18000 is an international standard that describes a series of diverse RFID technologies, each using a unique frequency range.
ISO/IEC 18000-3 is an international standard for passive RFID item level identification and describes the parameters for air interface communications at 13.56 MHz.
ISO/IEC 20248 Automatic Identification and Data Capture Techniques – Data Structures – Digital Signature Meta Structure is an international standard specification under development by ISO/IEC JTC1 SC31 WG2.
ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31 Automatic identification and data capture techniques is a standardization subcommittee of the joint subcommittee ISO/IEC JTC 1 of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), that develops and facilitates international standards, technical reports, and technical specifications in the field of automatic identification and data capture techniques.
Item-level tagging (or RFID item-level tagging, also known as ILT) is the tagging of individual products, as opposed to case-level and pallet-level tagging.
Katherine Albrecht is a consumer privacy advocate and spokesperson against radio-frequency identification (RFID).
Kevin Warwick FIET, FCGI, (born 9 February 1954) is a British engineer and Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Research) at Coventry University in the United Kingdom.
Lev Sergeyevich Termen (p; – 3 November 1993), or Léon Theremin in the United States, was a Russian and Soviet inventor, most famous for his invention of the theremin, one of the first electronic musical instruments and the first to be mass-produced.
Liz McIntyre is a consumer privacy expert and founder of CAMCAT - Citizens Against Marking, Chipping and Tracking, an organization that works to prevent forced human tracking technologies like implantable microchips.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Los Alamos National Laboratory (Los Alamos or LANL for short) is a United States Department of Energy national laboratory initially organized during World War II for the design of nuclear weapons as part of the Manhattan Project.
Low frequency (low freq) or LF is the ITU designation for radio frequencies (RF) in the range of 30 kilohertz (kHz)–300 kHz.
Loyalty programs are structured marketing strategies designed by merchants to encourage customers to continue to shop at or use the services of businesses associated with each program.
A machine-readable passport (MRP) is a machine-readable travel document (MRTD) with the data on the identity page encoded in optical character recognition format.
A magnetic stripe card is a type of card capable of storing data by modifying the magnetism of tiny iron-based magnetic particles on a band of magnetic material on the card.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.
Mario Cardullo is an American inventor, who received the first patent for a passive, read-write Radio-frequency identification tag.
Mark N. Gasson is a British scientist and visiting research fellow at the Cybernetics Research Group, University of Reading, UK.
Mass surveillance is the intricate surveillance of an entire or a substantial fraction of a population in order to monitor that group of citizens.
A microchip implant is an identifying integrated circuit placed under the skin of an animal.
A human microchip implant is typically an identifying integrated circuit device or RFID transponder encased in silicate glass and implanted in the body of a human being.
Microwaves are a form of electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths ranging from one meter to one millimeter; with frequencies between and.
Middleware is computer software that provides services to software applications beyond those available from the operating system.
MIFARE is the NXP Semiconductors-owned trademark of a series of chips widely used in contactless smart cards and proximity cards.
Minyanville Media, Inc. is an Internet-based financial media and publishing company.
In electronics and telecommunications, modulation is the process of varying one or more properties of a periodic waveform, called the carrier signal, with a modulating signal that typically contains information to be transmitted.
monochrom is an international art-technology-philosophy group, publishing house and film production company.
The National Football League (NFL) is a professional American football league consisting of 32 teams, divided equally between the National Football Conference (NFC) and the American Football Conference (AFC).
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is one of the oldest physical science laboratories in the United States.
Natural gas is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon gas mixture consisting primarily of methane, but commonly including varying amounts of other higher alkanes, and sometimes a small percentage of carbon dioxide, nitrogen, hydrogen sulfide, or helium.
The near field and far field are regions of the electromagnetic field (EM) around an object, such as a transmitting antenna, or the result of radiation scattering off an object.
Near-field communication (NFC) is a set of communication protocols that enable two electronic devices, one of which is usually a portable device such as a smartphone, to establish communication by bringing them within 4 cm (1.6 in) of each other.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
Object Name Service (ONS) is a mechanism that leverages Domain Name System (DNS) to discover information about a product and related services from the Electronic Product Code (EPC).
Orienteering is a group of sports that requires navigational skills using a map and compass to navigate from point to point in diverse and usually unfamiliar terrain whilst moving at speed.
() is a designated city in the Kansai region of Japan.
The Panopticon is a type of institutional building and a system of control designed by the English philosopher and social theorist Jeremy Bentham in the late 18th century.
Paul A. Moskowitz works at the IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center in New York.
Pay as you throw (PAYT) (also called trash metering, unit pricing, variable rate pricing, or user-pay) is a usage-pricing model for disposing of municipal solid waste.
A personal identification number (PIN, pronounced "pin"; is often spoken out loud "PIN number" by mistake) is a numeric or alpha-numeric password or code used in the process of authenticating or identifying a user to a system and system to a user.
Pipeline transport is the transportation of goods or material through a pipe.
Privacy by design calls for privacy to be taken into account throughout the whole engineering process.
A proximity card or prox card is a "contactless" smart card which can be read without inserting it into a reader device, as required by earlier magnetic stripe cards such as credit cards and "contact" type smart cards.
Public-key cryptography, or asymmetric cryptography, is any cryptographic system that uses pairs of keys: public keys which may be disseminated widely, and private keys which are known only to the owner.
A quarterback (commonly abbreviated "QB") is a position in American and Canadian football.
Radio frequency (RF) refers to oscillatory change in voltage or current in a circuit, waveguide or transmission line in the range extending from around twenty thousand times per second to around three hundred billion times per second, roughly between the upper limit of audio and the lower limit of infrared.
Radio waves are a type of electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths in the electromagnetic spectrum longer than infrared light.
Various schools have been using radio-frequency identification technology to record and monitor students.
Rail transport is a means of transferring of passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, also known as tracks.
Read-only memory (ROM) is a type of non-volatile memory used in computers and other electronic devices.
Real-time locating systems (RTLS) are used to automatically identify and track the location of objects or people in real time, usually within a building or other contained area.
Resonant inductive coupling or magnetic phase synchronous coupling is a phenomenon with inductive coupling where the coupling becomes stronger when the "secondary" (load-bearing) side of the loosely coupled coil resonates.
A resonator is a device or system that exhibits resonance or resonant behavior, that is, it naturally oscillates at some frequencies, called its resonant frequencies, with greater amplitude than at others.
RFID on metal (abbreviated to ROM) are radio-frequency identification (RFID) tags which perform a specific function when attached to metal objects.
RFID skimming is a form of digital theft, which enables information from RFID based smart cards to be read and duplicated.
RFID is a wireless technology supported by many different vendors for tags (also called transponders or smart cards) and readers (also called interrogators or terminals).
Richard Matthew Stallman (born March 16, 1953), often known by his initials, rms—is an American free software movement activist and programmer.
A rolling code (or sometimes called a hopping code) is used in keyless entry systems to prevent replay attacks, where an eavesdropper records the transmission and replays it at a later time to cause the receiver to 'unlock'.
Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).
Rotterdam is a city in the Netherlands, in South Holland within the Rhine–Meuse–Scheldt river delta at the North Sea.
An RSA blocker tag (or RSA tag) is a RFID tag that responds positively to all unauthorized requests, thus blocking some scanners from reading any RFID tags placed nearby.
San Francisco (initials SF;, Spanish for 'Saint Francis'), officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Northern California.
Security is freedom from, or resilience against, potential harm (or other unwanted coercive change) from external forces.
Self-checkout (also known as self-service checkout and as semi-attended customer-activated terminal, SACAT) machines provide a mechanism for customers to process their own purchases from a retailer.
In the broadest definition, a sensor is a device, module, or subsystem whose purpose is to detect events or changes in its environment and send the information to other electronics, frequently a computer processor.
Sewerage is the infrastructure that conveys sewage or surface runoff (stormwater, meltwater, rainwater) using sewers.
Silicon on insulator (SOI) technology refers to the use of a layered silicon–insulator–silicon substrate in place of conventional silicon substrates in semiconductor manufacturing, especially microelectronics, to reduce parasitic device capacitance, thereby improving performance.
Singulation is a method by which an RFID reader identifies a tag with a specific serial number from a number of tags in its field.
A ski lift is a mechanism for transporting skiers up a hill.
A ski resort is a resort developed for skiing, snowboarding, and other winter sports.
A smart card, chip card, or integrated circuit card (ICC), is any pocket-sized card that has embedded integrated circuits.
Smart Label, also called Smart Tag, is an extremely flat configured transponder under a conventional print-coded label, which includes chip, antenna and bonding wires as a so-called inlay.
Smartdust is a system of many tiny microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) such as sensors, robots, or other devices, that can detect, for example, light, temperature, vibration, magnetism, or chemicals.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Speedpass is a keychain RFID device introduced in 1997 by Mobil Oil Corp.
A spermatozoon (pronounced, alternate spelling spermatozoön; plural spermatozoa; from σπέρμα "seed" and ζῷον "living being") is a motile sperm cell, or moving form of the haploid cell that is the male gamete.
Super high frequency (SHF) is the ITU designation for radio frequencies (RF) in the range between 3 and 30 gigahertz (GHz).
A supply chain is a system of organizations, people, activities, information, and resources involved in moving a product or service from supplier to customer.
In commerce, supply chain management (SCM), the management of the flow of goods and services, involves the movement and storage of raw materials, of work-in-process inventory, and of finished goods from point of origin to point of consumption.
Surveillance is the monitoring of behavior, activities, or other changing information for the purpose of influencing, managing, directing, or protecting people.
Symmetric-key algorithms are algorithms for cryptography that use the same cryptographic keys for both encryption of plaintext and decryption of ciphertext.
A technical standard is an established norm or requirement in regard to technical systems.
TecTiles are a near field communication (NFC) application, developed by Samsung, for use with mobile smartphone devices.
Telemetry is an automated communications process by which measurements and other data are collected at remote or inaccessible points and transmitted to receiving equipment for monitoring.
The terabyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
The Thing, also known as the Great Seal bug, was one of the first covert listening devices (or "bugs") to use passive techniques to transmit an audio signal.
A tracking system is used for the observing of persons or objects on the move and supplying a timely ordered sequence of location data for further processing.
The Transparent Prototype is a project in the automotive industry to track & trace test vehicles and prototype parts using Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology.
In telecommunication, a transponder can be one of two types of devices.
A transponder (short for transmitter-responder and sometimes abbreviated to XPDR, XPNDR, TPDR or TP) is an electronic device that produces a response when it receives a radio-frequency interrogation.
Transponder timing (also called chip timing or RFID timing) is a technique for measuring performance in sport events.
Ultra high frequency (UHF) is the ITU designation for radio frequencies in the range between 300 megahertz (MHz) and 3 gigahertz (GHz), also known as the decimetre band as the wavelengths range from one meter to one decimeter.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), also known as the Agriculture Department, is the U.S. federal executive department responsible for developing and executing federal laws related to farming, forestry, and food.
The Department of Defense (DoD, USDOD, or DOD) is an executive branch department of the federal government of the United States charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government concerned directly with national security and the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is a federal Cabinet-level agency that provides near-comprehensive healthcare services to eligible military veterans at VA medical centers and outpatient clinics located throughout the country; several non-healthcare benefits including disability compensation, vocational rehabilitation, education assistance, home loans, and life insurance; and provides burial and memorial benefits to eligible veterans and family members at 135 national cemeteries.
United States passports are passports issued to citizens and nationals of the United States of America.
The Universal Product Code (UPC) is a barcode symbology that is widely used in the United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, in Europe and other countries for tracking trade items in stores.
The University of Bristol (simply referred to as Bristol University and abbreviated as Bris. in post-nominal letters, or UoB) is a red brick research university located in Bristol, United Kingdom.
A Uniform Resource Locator (URL), colloquially termed a web address, is a reference to a web resource that specifies its location on a computer network and a mechanism for retrieving it.
The Vatican Apostolic Library (Bibliotheca Apostolica Vaticana), more commonly called the Vatican Library or simply the Vat, is the library of the Holy See, located in Vatican City.
Walmart Inc. (formerly branded as Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.) is an American multinational retail corporation that operates a chain of hypermarkets, discount department stores, and grocery stores.
Whitcliffe Mount School is a mixed secondary school located in Cleckheaton, West Yorkshire, England.
Wired is a monthly American magazine, published in print and online editions, that focuses on how emerging technologies affect culture, the economy, and politics.
A wireless identification and sensing platform (WISP) is an RFID (radio-frequency identification) device that supports sensing and computing: a microcontroller powered by radio-frequency energy.
Wisconsin is a U.S. state located in the north-central United States, in the Midwest and Great Lakes regions.
The World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) was a two-phase United Nations-sponsored summit on information, communication and, in broad terms, the information society that took place in 2003 in Geneva and in 2005 in Tunis.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Zebra Technologies is a public company based in Lincolnshire, Illinois, USA, that manufactures and sells marking, tracking and computer printing technologies.
Zipcar is an American car-sharing company and a subsidiary of Avis Budget Group.
Arphid, Blocker tag, Bulk reading, Chip tag, Contactless identification, Embedded ID chip, Embedded id chip, Gen 2, ID chip, Optical RFID, Optical rfid, PIT tag, Passive Integrated Transponder, Passive RFID, Passive integrated transponder, Pit tag, RF ID tag, RF/ID, RFID, RFID chip, RFID shielding, RFID tag, RFID tracking module, Radio Frequency Identification, Radio frequency identification, Radio id, Radio identification tag, Radio tag, Radiofrequency identification, Read-on-metal, Rfid, Rfid in hand, Rfid tag, Smart labels, Spy chip, Spy chips, Spychip, Spychips.