140 relations: Ahom kingdom, Ajaigarh State, Akkalkot State, Alirajpur State, Antonio Pigafetta, Athgarh State, Athmallik State, Bandarban District, Bangladesh, Bansda State, Baraundha, Bashahr, Battle of the Ten Kings, Bharatpur State, Bhor State, Borneo, British Raj, Chakma people, Chamba State, Chhota Udaipur State, Chittagong Hill Tracts, City-state, Cognate, Conference of Rulers, Daṇḍa (Hindu punishment), Desai, Devasish Roy, Dharampur State, Dharma, Dharmaśāstra, Dynasty, Emir, English language, Faridkot State, Ferdinand Magellan, Gaulish language, German language, Given name, Goidelic languages, Golden Age, Hindi, Hindu, History, History of India, History of Southeast Asia, India, Indo-European languages, Indonesia, Indonesian language, Italians, ..., Jagir, James Brooke, Jhabua State, Jind State, Kahlur, Kapurthala State, Khagrachhari District, Khilchipur State, Khmer language, King, Kingdom of Kandy, Kshatriya, Latin, Leyte, Limasawa, List of Rigvedic tribes, Maharaja, Mahendra, Maihar State, Malay language, Mandi State, Manipur, Marathi language, Marma people, Miguel López de Legazpi, Mindanao, Monarch, Monarchy in ancient India, Mudhol State, Muslim, Muslim Rajputs, Nagod State, Narsinghgarh State, Nawab, Old Irish, Pakistan, Patiala State, Perak, Perlis, Petty kingdom, Philippines, Portuguese people, Prince, Princely state, Proto-Indo-European language, Pudukkottai State, Raigarh State, Rajah Matanda, Rajah Sulayman, Rajah Tupas, Rajahnate of Butuan, Rajahnate of Cebu, Rajahnate of Maynila, Rajasthani language, Rajgarh State, Rama, Ramayana, Rangamati Hill District, Rani, Ravana, Rawat (title), Rí, Reich, Rigveda, Sailana State, Salute, Salute state, Samthar State, Sangli State, Sanskrit, Sant State, Sarawak, Sawantwadi State, Shah, Shahpura State, Sinhalese language, Sita, Sitamau State, South Asia, Sri Lanka, States and federal territories of Malaysia, Suket State, Sultan, Thakur (title), Titular ruler, Tridev Roy, Vṛddhi, White Rajahs, Yang di-Pertuan Agong, Yuvraj. Expand index (90 more) » « Shrink index
The Ahom kingdom (1228–1826, also called Kingdom of Assam) was a kingdom in the Brahmaputra Valley in Assam, India.
Ajaigarh State was one of the princely states of India during the period of the British Raj.
Akkalkot State during the British Raj, was a Maratha princely state ruled by the Bhonsle dynasty.
Alirajpur State was formerly a princely state of India, administratively under the Bhopawar Agency subdivision of the Central India Agency.
Antonio Pigafetta (c. 1491 – c. 1531) was an Italian scholar and explorer from the Republic of Venice.
Athgarh (ଆଠଗଡ) was one of the princely states of India during the period of the British Raj.
Athmallik State was one of the princely states of India during the period of the British Raj.
Bandarban (বান্দরবান) is a district in South-Eastern Bangladesh, and a part of the Chittagong Division.
Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ, lit. "The country of Bengal"), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh (গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ), is a country in South Asia.
Bansda State was one of the princely states of India during the period of the British Raj.
Baraundha (also known as Pathar Kachhar) was a princely state of colonial India, located in modern Satna district of Madhya Pradesh.
Bashahr, also spelt as 'Bushahr' and 'Bussahir', was a princely state in India during the British Raj.
The Battle of the Ten Kings is a battle alluded to in the Rigveda (Book 7, hymns 18, 33 and 83.4–8), the ancient Indian sacred collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns.
Bharatpur State, also known as Bharatpore State, was a Hindu princely state in India.
Bhor State was one of the 9-gun salute Maratha princely states of British India.
Borneo (Pulau Borneo) is the third largest island in the world and the largest in Asia.
The British Raj (from rāj, literally, "rule" in Hindustani) was the rule by the British Crown in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947.
The Chakmas, also known as the Changma, Daingnet people, are an ethnic group scattered in Arunachal Pradesh, Tripura, Assam, Mizoram, Meghalaya and West Bengal of India and in Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh.
Chamba State was one of the oldest princely states in present-day Republic of India, having been founded during the late 6th century.
The Chhota Udaipur State or 'Princely State of Chhota Udaipur', (છોટાઉદેપુર; छोटा उदैपुर) was a princely state with its capital in Chhota Udaipur during the era of British India.
The Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT; Bengali: পার্বত্য চট্টগ্রাম, Parbotto Choŧŧogram; or the Hill Tracts for short) are an area within the Chattogram Division in southeastern Bangladesh, bordering India and Myanmar (Burma).
A city-state is a sovereign state, also described as a type of small independent country, that usually consists of a single city and its dependent territories.
In linguistics, cognates are words that have a common etymological origin.
The Conference of Rulers (also Council of Rulers or Durbar, (Malay: Majlis Raja-Raja; Jawi: مجليس راج٢) in Malaysia is a council comprising the nine rulers of the Malay states, and the governors or Yang di-Pertua Negeri of the other four states. It was officially established by Article 38 of the Constitution of Malaysia, and is the only such institution in the world, according to the Malaysian National Library. Its main responsibility is the election of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong (King) and his deputy, the Timbalan Yang di-Pertuan Agong, which occurs every five years or when the positions fall vacant (either through death, resignation, or removal from office). Although its position in the process of elective monarchy is unique, the Conference of Rulers also plays a role in amending the Constitution of Malaysia and some other policies, in particular, those Articles which have been "entrenched", namely those pertaining to the status of the rulers, the special privileges of the indigenous Bumiputra (see Article 153 of the Constitution of Malaysia), the status of the Malay language as the national language, and the clause governing the entrenchment of such Articles.
Daṇḍa (दण्ड) is the Hindu equivalent of punishment.
Desai is an administrative, princely or honorary title and surname.
Devasish Roy (also spelled Debashish Roy; born 9 April 1959) is a Bangladeshi politician, lawyer and activist.
Dharampur State was a princely state in India during the time of the British Raj.
Dharma (dharma,; dhamma, translit. dhamma) is a key concept with multiple meanings in the Indian religions – Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism.
Dharmaśāstra (धर्मशास्त्र) is a genre of Sanskrit texts, and refers to the treatises (shastras) of Hinduism on dharma.
A dynasty is a sequence of rulers from the same family,Oxford English Dictionary, "dynasty, n." Oxford University Press (Oxford), 1897.
An emir (أمير), sometimes transliterated amir, amier, or ameer, is an aristocratic or noble and military title of high office used in a variety of places in the Arab countries, West African, and Afghanistan.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
Faridkot State was a self-governing princely state outside British India during the British Raj period in the Indian sub-continent.
Ferdinand Magellan (or; Fernão de Magalhães,; Fernando de Magallanes,; c. 1480 – 27 April 1521) was a Portuguese explorer who organised the Spanish expedition to the East Indies from 1519 to 1522, resulting in the first circumnavigation of the Earth, completed by Juan Sebastián Elcano.
Gaulish was an ancient Celtic language that was spoken in parts of Europe as late as the Roman Empire.
German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.
A given name (also known as a first name, forename or Christian name) is a part of a person's personal name.
The Goidelic or Gaelic languages (teangacha Gaelacha; cànanan Goidhealach; çhengaghyn Gaelgagh) form one of the two groups of Insular Celtic languages, the other being the Brittonic languages.
The term Golden Age comes from Greek mythology, particularly the Works and Days of Hesiod, and is part of the description of temporal decline of the state of peoples through five Ages, Gold being the first and the one during which the Golden Race of humanity (chrýseon génos) lived.
Hindi (Devanagari: हिन्दी, IAST: Hindī), or Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: मानक हिन्दी, IAST: Mānak Hindī) is a standardised and Sanskritised register of the Hindustani language.
Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.
History (from Greek ἱστορία, historia, meaning "inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation") is the study of the past as it is described in written documents.
The history of India includes the prehistoric settlements and societies in the Indian subcontinent; the advancement of civilisation from the Indus Valley Civilisation to the eventual blending of the Indo-Aryan culture to form the Vedic Civilisation; the rise of Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism;Sanderson, Alexis (2009), "The Śaiva Age: The Rise and Dominance of Śaivism during the Early Medieval Period." In: Genesis and Development of Tantrism, edited by Shingo Einoo, Tokyo: Institute of Oriental Culture, University of Tokyo, 2009.
The term Southeast Asia has been in use since World War II.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
The Indo-European languages are a language family of several hundred related languages and dialects.
Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.
Indonesian (bahasa Indonesia) is the official language of Indonesia.
The Italians (Italiani) are a Latin European ethnic group and nation native to the Italian peninsula.
A jagir (IAST: Jāgīr), also spelled as jageer, was a type of feudal land grant in South Asia at the foundation of its Jagirdar system.
Sir James Brooke, Rajah of Sarawak, KCB (29 April 1803 – 11 June 1868), was a British soldier and adventurer who founded the Kingdom of Sarawak in Borneo.
Jhabua State was one of the princely states of India during the period of the British Raj.
Jind State was a Cis-Sutlej state princely state of India during the British Raj until India's independence in 1947.
Bilaspur State or Kahlur was a princely state in the Punjab Province during the era of British India, ruled by a Hindu Rajput dynasty.
Kapurthala State, with its capital at Kapurthala, was a former Princely state of Punjab, spread across.
Khagrachhari (খাগড়াছড়ি) (Chakma:𑄌𑄬𑄋𑄴𑄟𑄩 "chengmi") is a district in south-eastern Bangladesh.
Khilchipur State was a princely state in India.
Khmer or Cambodian (natively ភាសាខ្មែរ phiəsaa khmae, or more formally ខេមរភាសា kheemaʾraʾ phiəsaa) is the language of the Khmer people and the official language of Cambodia.
King, or King Regnant is the title given to a male monarch in a variety of contexts.
The Kingdom of Kandy was an independent monarchy of the island of Sri Lanka, located in the central and eastern portion of the island.
Kshatriya (Devanagari: क्षत्रिय; from Sanskrit kṣatra, "rule, authority") is one of the four varna (social orders) of the Hindu society.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Leyte is an island in the Visayas group of the Philippines.
, officially the, is a settlement_text in the province of,. According to the, it has a population of people.
The tribes mentioned in the Rigveda are described as semi-nomadic pastoralists.
Mahārāja (महाराज, also spelled Maharajah, Moharaja) is a Sanskrit title for a "great ruler", "great king" or "high king".
Mahendra (Devanagari: महेंद्र) is a Sanskrit compound word deriving from Maha (Highest Position) and Indra Deva (the King of Gods) from Hindu mythology.
Maihar State was a princely state in India during the British Raj.
Malay (Bahasa Melayu بهاس ملايو) is a major language of the Austronesian family spoken in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore.
Mandi State was a native state of British India, within the Punjab; with Mandi, Himachal Pradesh as its capital.
Manipur is a state in Northeast India, with the city of Imphal as its capital.
Marathi (मराठी Marāṭhī) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken predominantly by the Marathi people of Maharashtra, India.
The Marma (မရမာလူမျိုး) people are the second-largest ethnic community in the Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT).
Miguel López de Legazpi (c. 1502 – August 20, 1572), also known as El Adelantado and El Viejo (The Elder), was a Basque-Spanish navigator and governor who established the first Spanish settlement in the East Indies when his expedition crossed the Pacific Ocean from the Viceroyalty of New Spain in modern-day Mexico, arrived in Cebu of the Philippine Islands, 1565.
Mindanao is the second largest island in the Philippines.
A monarch is a sovereign head of state in a monarchy.
Monarchy in ancient India was sovereignty over a territory by a King who functioned as its protector, a role which involved both secular and religious power.
Mudhol State was a princely state during the British Raj.
A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.
Muslim Rajputs or Musulman Rajputs, are patrilineal descendants of Rajputs of Northern regions of the Indian Subcontinent who are followers of Islam.
Nagod State (also known as 'Nagode' and 'Nagodh') was a princely state of colonial India, located in modern Satna district of Madhya Pradesh.
Narsinghgarh State is a former princely state of the British Raj in India.
Nawab (Eastern Nagari: নবাব/নওয়াব, Devanagari: नवाब/नबाब, Perso-Arab: نواب) also spelt Nawaab, Navaab, Navab, Nowab The title nawab was also awarded as a personal distinction by the paramount power, similarly to a British peerage, to persons and families who never ruled a princely state.
Old Irish (Goídelc; Sean-Ghaeilge; Seann Ghàidhlig; Shenn Yernish; sometimes called Old Gaelic) is the name given to the oldest form of the Goidelic languages for which extensive written texts are extant.
Pakistan (پاکِستان), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان), is a country in South Asia.
Patiala State was a self-governing princely state outside British India during the British Raj period in the Indian sub-continent.
Perlis, also known by its honorific title Perlis Indera Kayangan (Jawi),The state's constitution simply uses the name "Perlis" and does not include the honorific suffix, "Indera Kayangan".
A petty kingdom is a kingdom described as minor or "petty" by contrast to an empire or unified kingdom that either preceded or succeeded it (e.g. the numerous kingdoms of Anglo-Saxon England unified into the Kingdom of England in the 10th century, or the numerous Gaelic kingdoms of Ireland as the Kingdom of Ireland in the 16th century).
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
Portuguese people are an ethnic group indigenous to Portugal that share a common Portuguese culture and speak Portuguese.
A prince is a male ruler or member of a monarch's or former monarch's family ranked below a king and above a duke.
A princely state, also called native state (legally, under the British) or Indian state (for those states on the subcontinent), was a vassal state under a local or regional ruler in a subsidiary alliance with the British Raj.
Proto-Indo-European (PIE) is the linguistic reconstruction of the hypothetical common ancestor of the Indo-European languages, the most widely spoken language family in the world.
Pudukkottai was a kingdom and later a princely state in British India, which existed from 1680 until 1948.
Raigarh was a princely state in India at the time of the British Raj.
Rajah Ache (Baybayin:, Abecedario: Rája Aché), better known by his title Rajah Matanda (1480–1572), was one of the rulers of Maynila, a pre-Hispanic Tagalog polity along the Pasig River in what is now Manila, Philippines.
Rajah Sulayman, sometimes referred to as Sulayman III (Sanskrit: स्ललैअह्, Baybayin:, Abecedario: Suláimán) (1558–1575), was the Rajah or paramount ruler of the Rajahnate of Maynila, a fortified Tagalog polity on the southern half of the Pasig River delta, by the time Spanish colonizers arrived in the early 1570s.
Rajah Tupas (baptized as Felipe Tupás, 1497 — 1565) was the last Rajah of Cebu in the Pre-Hispanic Philippines.
The Rajahnate of Butuan (also called as Kingdom of Butuan; Butuanon: Gingharian hong Butuan, Gingharian sa Butuan, Kaharian ng Butuan/Karahanan ng Butuan, Chinese: 蒲端國, Púduānguó in Chinese records), was an Indic polity centered on present Mindanao island in the modern city of Butuan in what is now the southern Philippines.
The Rajahnate of Cebu (Cebuano: Gingharian sa Sugbu; Filipino: Kaharian ng Cebu; Malay: Kerajaan Cebu), or simply Sugbu, was an Indianized monarchical polity on the island of Cebu in the Philippines prior to the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors.
In early Philippine history, the Tagalog Bayan ("country" or "polity") of Maynila (Bayan ng Maynila; Baybayin:; Balen ning Maynila) was a major trade hub located on the southern part of the Pasig River delta,Abinales, Patricio N. and Donna J. Amoroso, State and Society in the Philippines.
Rajasthani (Devanagari: राजस्थानी) refers to a group of Indo-Aryan languages spoken primarily in the state of Rajasthan and adjacent areas of Haryana, Punjab, Gujarat, and Madhya Pradesh in India.
Rajgarh State (Hindi Name: राजगढ़) was a Rajput princely state in India, named after its capital Rajgarh, Madhya Pradesh.
Rama or Ram (Sanskrit: राम, IAST: Rāma), also known as Ramachandra, is a major deity of Hinduism.
Ramayana (रामायणम्) is an ancient Indian epic poem which narrates the struggle of the divine prince Rama to rescue his wife Sita from the demon king Ravana.
Rangamati (রাঙামাটি, Chakma:, script) is a district in south-eastern Bangladesh.
Rani ((רני),(راني), Nepali, Sanskrit and Hindi: रानी, Bengali: রানী; Standardized Modern Bengali: রানি), In Arabic, Rani راني is a masculine name which means "the man who is looking up".
Ravana (IAST: Rāvaṇa;; Sanskrit: रावण) is a character in the Hindu epic Ramayana where he is depicted as the Rakshasa king of Lanka.
Rawat is one of the cognate Hindi variations of the (originally Hindu) title Raja(h) (like rawal), used as equivalent royal style in certain princely states, notably of former British India.
Rí, or commonly ríg (genitive), is an ancient Gaelic word meaning "king".
Reich is a German word literally meaning "realm".
The Rigveda (Sanskrit: ऋग्वेद, from "praise" and "knowledge") is an ancient Indian collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns along with associated commentaries on liturgy, ritual and mystical exegesis.
Sailana State was a princely state in India during the British Raj with an area of 769 km².
A salute is a gesture or other action used to display respect.
A salute state was a princely state under the British Raj during the time of British rule which had been granted a gun salute by the British Crown (as paramount ruler); i.e., the protocolary privilege for its ruler to be greeted—originally by Royal Navy ships, later also on land—with a number of cannon shots, in graduations of two salutes from three to 21, as recognition of the state's relative status.
Samthar State was a princely state in India during the British Raj.
Sangli State was one of the 11-gun salute Maratha princely states of British India.
Sanskrit is the primary liturgical language of Hinduism; a philosophical language of Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism; and a former literary language and lingua franca for the educated of ancient and medieval India.
Sant State, also known as Sant-Rampur State or Sunth State, was one of the Rajput princely states of western India before and a salute state during the colonial British Raj.
Sarawak is a state of Malaysia.
Savantvadi State, also spelt Sawantwadi ruled by the Savant Bhonsale dynasty was one of the non-salute Maratha princely states during the British Raj.
Shah (Šāh, pronounced, "king") is a title given to the emperors, kings, princes and lords of Iran (historically also known as Persia).
The State of Shahpura or Princely State of Shahpura was a princely state in Shahpura, Bhilwara during the era of British India.
Sinhalese, known natively as Sinhala (සිංහල; siṁhala), is the native language of the Sinhalese people, who make up the largest ethnic group in Sri Lanka, numbering about 16 million.
Sita (pronounced, Sanskrit: सीता, IAST: Sītā) or Seeta, is the consort of Lord Rama (incarnation of Vishnu) and an avatar of Sri Lakshmi, the Hindu goddess that denotes good sign, good fortune, prosperity, success, and happiness.
Sitamau State was a princely state of the British Raj before 1947.
South Asia or Southern Asia (also known as the Indian subcontinent) is a term used to represent the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east.
Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකා; Tamil: இலங்கை Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea.
The states and federal territories of Malaysia are the principal administrative divisions of Malaysia.
Suket State was one of the Princely states of India during the period of the British Raj.
Sultan (سلطان) is a position with several historical meanings.
Thakur is a feudal title and it later became a surname used by a class of South Asian communities, the female variant is Thakurani, also the wife of a Thakur.
A titular ruler, or titular head, is a person in an official position of leadership who possesses few, if any, actual powers.
Raja Tridiv Roy (راجہ تری دیو راۓ), sometimes spelled Tridev Roy, (14 May 1933 – 17 September 2012) was the former 50th Raja of the Chakma tribe in the Chittagong Hill Tracts region of present-day Bangladesh from 2 May 1953, until his abdication in 1971 following the Bangladesh Liberation War.
(वृद्धि) is a Sanskrit word meaning 'growth' (from). In Pāṇini's Sanskrit grammar, it is a technical term for long vowels produced by ablaut (vowel gradation), as for example in.
The White Rajahs were a dynastic monarchy of the British Brooke family, who founded and ruled the Kingdom of Sarawak, located on the island of Borneo, from 1841 to 1946.
The Yang di-Pertuan Agong (literally "He Who Was Made Lord", Jawi: يڠ دڤرتوان اݢوڠ), also known as the King, is the monarch and head of state of Malaysia.
Yuv(a)raj(a), or Yuv(a)raj (Hindi: युवराज) in various languages of India, especially Sanskrit, Hindi, Telugu, Kannada, Gujarati, and Sinhala, is an Indian title for crown prince, the heir apparent to the throne of an Indian (notably Hindu) kingdom or (notably in the Mughal Empire or British Raj) princely state.