124 relations: Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, Alam Ara, Alcoholism, Alice Guy-Blaché, Anna Salunke, Ayodhya, Box office, British Raj, Central line (Mumbai Suburban Railway), Cinema of India, Cinematographer, Colombo, Coronation Cinema, Culture of India, D. D. Dabke, Dadar, Dadasaheb Phalke, Dadasaheb Phalke Award, Dadasaheb Torne, Dakshina, Deccan Plateau, Doms, Easter, Faujdar, Film and Television Institute of India, Film director, Film distribution, Film distributor, Film editing, Film laboratory, Film stock, Film studio, Filmmaking, First aid kit, Girgaon, Gokul, Government of India, Govind Nihalani, Grant Road, Guṇa, Gujarati language, Harishchandra, Harishchandrachi Factory, Hindi, Hindu mythology, Indian anna, Induprakash, Intertitle, Jesus, Kamathipura, ..., Kesari (newspaper), Kodak, Krishna, Lanka Dahan, List of Hindu mythological or devotional films, List of incomplete or partially lost films, List of Indian submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, Lists of American films, London, M. V. Dhurandhar, Mahabharata, Mangala sutra, Marathi cinema, Marathi language, Marathi people, Marathi theatre, Middle class, Mistress (lover), Movie projector, Muslin, Mystery film, Nashik, National Film Archive of India, National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Marathi, Negative (photography), Negative cutting, North India, Paresh Mokashi, Pathé, Patil (title), Peshwa, Photo manipulation, Photographic processing, Pneumonia, Premiere, Production designer, Pune, R. G. Bhandarkar, Raja Ravi Varma, Rama, Ramayana, Red-light district, Romance film, Sari, Satish Bahadur, Satyavadi Raja Harishchandra, Savitri and Satyavan, Screenwriting, Scriptment, Set construction, Shiva, Shree Pundalik, Silent film, Sita, Spectral sensitivity, Spectrum, Still photography, Sura (alcoholic beverage), Taboo, Tessar, The Bombay Chronicle, Theatrical makeup, Trimbak, Trimbakeshwar Shiva Temple, Trymbak B. Telang, Varanasi, Vishvamitra, Yajna, Yangon, 1913 in film, 56th National Film Awards, 62nd British Academy Film Awards, 66th Golden Globe Awards, 82nd Academy Awards. Expand index (74 more) » « Shrink index
The Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film is one of the Academy Awards handed out annually by the U.S.-based Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS).
Alam Ara (translation: The Ornament of the World) was a 1931 Indian film directed by Ardeshir Irani.
Alcoholism, also known as alcohol use disorder (AUD), is a broad term for any drinking of alcohol that results in mental or physical health problems.
Alice Guy-Blaché (July 1, 1873 – March 24, 1968) was a pioneer filmmaker, active from the late 19th century, and one of the first to make a narrative fiction film.
Anna Hari Salunke, also known as A. Salunke and Annasaheb Saluke, was an Indian actor who performed female roles in early Indian cinema and also a cinematographer.
Ayodhya (IAST Ayodhyā), also known as Saketa, is an ancient city of India, believed to be the birthplace of Rama and setting of the epic Ramayana.
A box office or ticket office is a place where tickets are sold to the public for admission to an event.
The British Raj (from rāj, literally, "rule" in Hindustani) was the rule by the British Crown in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947.
The Central line of the Mumbai Suburban Railway is a public transit system serving Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
The Cinema of India consists of films produced in the nation of India.
A cinematographer or director of photography (sometimes shortened to DP or DOP) is the chief over the camera and light crews working on a film, television production or other live action piece and is responsible for making artistic and technical decisions related to the image.
Colombo (translit,; translit) is the commercial capital and largest city of Sri Lanka.
Coronation Cinematograph and variety hall was a hall in the Girgaon area of south Mumbai, India used for variety entertainment shows, dramas and to screen movies.
The culture of India refers collectively to the thousands of distinct and unique cultures of all religions and communities present in India.
Dadar is the first planned suburb of Mumbai.It is a densely populated residential and shopping neighbourhood.It is also a prominent railway and bus service hub with local and national connectivity.
Dhundiraj Govind Phalke, popularly known as Dadasaheb Phalke (दादासाहेब फाळके) (30 April 1870 – 16 February 1944), was an Indian producer-director-screenwriter, known as the Father of Indian cinema.
The Dadasaheb Phalke Award is India's highest award in cinema.
Ramchandra Gopal "Dadasaheb" Torne (Marathi: रामचंद्र गोपाळ "दादासाहेब" तोरणे)(13 April 1890 - 19 January 1960) was an Indian director and producer, best known for making the first feature film in India, Shree Pundalik.
Dakshinā,, or दक्षिणा), is a Sanskrit word found in Buddhist, Hindu and Jain literature where it may mean any donation, fees or honorarium given to a cause, monastery, temple, spiritual guide or after a ritual. It may be expected, or a tradition or voluntary form of daana. The term is found in this context in the Vedic literature. It may mean honorarium to a guru for education, training or guidance.
The Deccan PlateauPage 46, is a large plateau in western and southern India.
Doms (ডোম)are a Bengali Hindu caste found in large numbers in Birbhum, Bankura and other districts in the western fringe of the Indian state of West Bengal.
Easter,Traditional names for the feast in English are "Easter Day", as in the Book of Common Prayer, "Easter Sunday", used by James Ussher and Samuel Pepys and plain "Easter", as in books printed in,, also called Pascha (Greek, Latin) or Resurrection Sunday, is a festival and holiday celebrating the resurrection of Jesus from the dead, described in the New Testament as having occurred on the third day of his burial after his crucifixion by the Romans at Calvary 30 AD.
Faujdar was a title awarded by Mughal and other Muslim rulers in South Asia to garrison commanders.
The Film and Television Institute of India (FTII) is an autonomous institute under the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting of the Government of India and aided by the Central Government of India.
A film director is a person who directs the making of a film.
Film distribution is the process of making a movie available for viewing by an audience.
A film distributor is responsible for the marketing of a film.
Film editing is a technical part of the post-production process of filmmaking.
A film laboratory is a commercial service enterprise and technical facility for the film industry where specialists develop, print, and conform film material for classical film production and distribution which is based on film material, such as negative and positive, black and white and color, on different film formats: 65-70mm, 35mm, 16mm, 9.5mm, 8mm.
Film stock is an analog medium that is used for recording motion pictures or animation.
Filmmaking (or, in an academic context, film production) is the process of making a film, generally in the sense of films intended for extensive theatrical exhibition.
A first aid kit is a collection of supplies and equipment that is used to give medical treatment.
Girgaon, also spelt formerly Girgaum, is an area in southern Mumbai in Maharashtra, India.
Gokul is a municipality (or nagar panchayat) in the Mathura district of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.
The Government of India (IAST), often abbreviated as GoI, is the union government created by the constitution of India as the legislative, executive and judicial authority of the union of 29 states and seven union territories of a constitutionally democratic republic.
Govind Nihalani (born 19 December 1940) is an Indian film director, cinematographer, screenwriter and producer, known for his works in Hindi cinema.
Grant Road (named after Sir Robert Grant, the Governor of Bombay between 1835 and 1839) is a locality in South Mumbai.
depending on the context means "string, thread, or strand", or "virtue, merit, excellence", or "quality, peculiarity, attribute, property".
Gujarati (ગુજરાતી) is an Indo-Aryan language native to the Indian state of Gujarat.
Harishchandra is a legendary Indian king, who appears in several legends in texts such as Aitareya Brahmana, Mahabharata, the Markandeya Purana, and the Devi-Bhagavata Purana and was the son of Sathyavrata (Trishanku).
Harishchandrachi Factory (Marathi: हरिश्चंद्राची फॅक्टरी, "Harishchandra's Factory") is a 2009 Marathi film, directed by Paresh Mokashi, depicting the struggle of Dadasaheb Phalke in making Raja Harishchandra in 1913: India's first feature film, the birth of Indian cinema.
Hindi (Devanagari: हिन्दी, IAST: Hindī), or Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: मानक हिन्दी, IAST: Mānak Hindī) is a standardised and Sanskritised register of the Hindustani language.
Hindu mythology are mythical narratives found in Hindu texts such as the Vedic literature, epics like Mahabharata and Ramayana, the Puranas, the regional literatures Sangam literature and Periya Puranam.
An anna was a currency unit formerly used in India and Pakistan, equal to 1/16 rupee.
Indu Prakash (इंदुप्रकाश) was an Anglo - Marathi periodical published from Bombay in the late 1800s and early 1900s.
In films, an intertitle (also known as a title card) is a piece of filmed, printed text edited into the midst of (i.e. inter-) the photographed action at various points.
Jesus, also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus Christ, was a first-century Jewish preacher and religious leader.
Kamathipura (also spelled Kamthipuram) is a neighbourhood in Mumbai, India.
Kesari (केसरी Sanskrit for Lion) is a Marathi newspaper which was founded in 1881 by Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak, a prominent leader of the Indian Independence movement.
The Eastman Kodak Company (referred to simply as Kodak) is an American technology company that produces imaging products with its historic basis on photography.
Krishna (Kṛṣṇa) is a major deity in Hinduism.
Lanka Dahan (Lanka Aflame) is a 1917 Indian silent film directed by Dhundiraj Govind Phalke (Dadasaheb Phalke).
This is an alphabetic list of Hindu devotional films and mythological films which are based on the Puranas and Hindu literature.
The following is a list of notable films that are incomplete or partially lost.
India has submitted films for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film since 1957, a year after the incorporation of the category.
This is a list of films produced in the American film industry from the earliest films of the 1890s to the present.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Mahadev Vishwanath Dhurandhar (18 March 1867 – 01 June 1944) was a noted Indian painter and postcard artist.
The Mahābhārata (महाभारतम्) is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India, the other being the Rāmāyaṇa.
A mangala sutra is a necklace that the groom ties around the bride's neck in Indian and sub-Indian countries, in a ceremony called Mangalya Dharanam, which identifies her as a married woman.
Marathi cinema refers to Indian films produced in Marathi, the language of the state of Maharashtra, India.
Marathi (मराठी Marāṭhī) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken predominantly by the Marathi people of Maharashtra, India.
The Marathi people (मराठी लोक) are an ethnic group that speak Marathi, an Indo-Aryan language.
Marathi theatre is theatre in the Marathi language, mostly originating or based in the state Maharashtra in India, and elsewhere with Marathi diaspora.
The middle class is a class of people in the middle of a social hierarchy.
A mistress is a relatively long-term female lover and companion who is not married to her partner, especially when her partner is married to someone else.
A movie projector is an opto-mechanical device for displaying motion picture film by projecting it onto a screen.
Muslin, also mousseline, is a cotton fabric of plain weave.
A mystery film is a genre of film that revolves around the solution of a problem or a crime.
Nashik is an ancient city in the northwest region of Maharashtra in India. Situated on the banks of Godavari river Nashik is best known for being one of Hindu pilgrimage sites, that of Kumbh Mela which is held every 12 years. The city located about 190 km north of state capital Mumbai, is called the "Wine Capital of India" as half of India’s vineyards and wineries are located in Nashik.
The National Film Archive of India was established as a media unit of the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting in February 1964.
The National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Marathi is one of the National Film Awards presented annually by the Directorate of Film Festivals, the organisation set up by Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, India.
In photography, a negative is an image, usually on a strip or sheet of transparent plastic film, in which the lightest areas of the photographed subject appear darkest and the darkest areas appear lightest.
Negative cutting (also known as negative matching and negative conforming) is the process of cutting motion picture negative to match precisely the final edit as specified by the film editor.
North India is a loosely defined region consisting of the northern part of India.
Paresh Mokashi (born 6 February 1969) is an Indian filmmaker, producer, actor and Theatre director-producer; working predominantly in Marathi cinema and Marathi theatre.
Pathé or Pathé Frères (styled as PATHÉ!) is the name of various French businesses that were founded and originally run by the Pathé Brothers of France starting in 1896.
Patil (meaning "head" or "chief") is an Indian last name and a title or surname native to the states of Maharashtra and Karnataka.Under Deccan sultanates, and the Maratha empire, the Patil was the village headman and the most important Vatandar of the village.
A Peshwa was the equivalent of a modern Prime Minister in the Maratha Empire.
Photo manipulation involves transforming or altering a photograph using various methods and techniques to achieve desired results.
Photographic processing or development is the chemical means by which photographic film or paper is treated after photographic exposure to produce a negative or positive image.
Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lung affecting primarily the small air sacs known as alveoli.
A premiere or première is the debut (first public presentation) of a play, film, dance, or musical composition.
In film and television, a production designer (or P. D.) is the person responsible for the overall visual look of the production.
Pune, formerly spelled Poona (1857–1978), is the second largest city in the Indian state of Maharashtra, after Mumbai.
Sir Ramakrishna Gopal Bhandarkar KCIE (6 July 1837 – 24 August 1925) was an Indian scholar, orientalist, and social reformer.
Raja Ravi Varma (29 April 1848 – 2 October 1906) was a celebrated Malayali Indian painter and artist.
Rama or Ram (Sanskrit: राम, IAST: Rāma), also known as Ramachandra, is a major deity of Hinduism.
Ramayana (रामायणम्) is an ancient Indian epic poem which narrates the struggle of the divine prince Rama to rescue his wife Sita from the demon king Ravana.
A red-light district or pleasure district is a part of an urban area where a concentration of prostitution and sex-oriented businesses, such as sex shops, strip clubs, and adult theaters are found.
Romance films or romance movies are romantic love stories recorded in visual media for broadcast in theaters and on TV that focus on passion, emotion, and the affectionate romantic involvement of the main characters and the journey that their genuinely strong, true and pure romantic love takes them through dating, courtship or marriage.
A sari, saree, or shariThe name of the garment in various regional languages include:শাড়ি, साड़ी, ଶାଢୀ, ಸೀರೆ,, साडी, कापड, चीरे,, സാരി, साडी, सारी, ਸਾਰੀ, புடவை, చీర, ساڑى is a female garment from the Indian subcontinent that consists of a drape varying from five to nine yards (4.5 metres to 8 metres) in length and two to four feet (60 cm to 1.20 m) in breadth that is typically wrapped around the waist, with one end draped over the shoulder, baring the midriff.
Satish Bahadur (26 November 1925 - 23 July 2010), was an Indian film critic who served as Professor of Film Appreciation (1963–83) at the Film and Television Institute of India, Pune, India, and a close associate of Marie Seton, Vijaya Mulay and PK Nair.
Satyavadi Raja Harishchandra (सत्यवादी राजा हरिश्चंद्र; Truthful King Harishchandra) is a 1917 silent black and white Indian short film directed and produced by Dhundiraj Govind Phalke.
The oldest known version of the story of Savitri and Satyavan (सावित्री Sāvitrī and सत्यवान् Satyavān) is found in Vana Parva ("The Book of the Forest") of the Mahabharata.
Screenwriting, also called scriptwriting, is the art and craft of writing scripts for mass media such as feature films, television productions or video games.
A scriptment is a written work by a movie or television screenwriter that combines elements of a script and treatment, especially the dialogue elements, which are formatted the same as in a screenplay.
Set construction is the process undertaken by a construction manager to build full-scale scenery, as specified by a production designer or art director working in collaboration with the director of a production to create a set for a theatrical, film or television production.
Shiva (Sanskrit: शिव, IAST: Śiva, lit. the auspicious one) is one of the principal deities of Hinduism.
Shree Pundalik, which was released on 18 May 1912 at the Coronation Cinematograph, Girgaum, Mumbai, is recognised as the first feature-length Indian film.
A silent film is a film with no synchronized recorded sound (and in particular, no spoken dialogue).
Sita (pronounced, Sanskrit: सीता, IAST: Sītā) or Seeta, is the consort of Lord Rama (incarnation of Vishnu) and an avatar of Sri Lakshmi, the Hindu goddess that denotes good sign, good fortune, prosperity, success, and happiness.
Spectral sensitivity is the relative efficiency of detection, of light or other signal, as a function of the frequency or wavelength of the signal.
A spectrum (plural spectra or spectrums) is a condition that is not limited to a specific set of values but can vary, without steps, across a continuum.
Still photography is the practice of making non-moving photographs, as distinct from motion picture photography (cinematography).
Surāh (Sanskrit and Pāli; Devanāgarī: सुरा) is a strong distilled alcoholic beverage.
In any given society, a taboo is an implicit prohibition or strong discouragement against something (usually against an utterance or behavior) based on a cultural feeling that it is either too repulsive or dangerous, or, perhaps, too sacred for ordinary people.
The Tessar is a famous photographic lens design conceived by the German physicist Paul Rudolph in 1902 while he worked at the Zeiss optical company and patented by Zeiss in Germany; the lens type is usually known as the Zeiss Tessar.
The Bombay Chronicle was an English-language newspaper, published from Mumbai (then Bombay), started in 1910 by Sir Pherozeshah Mehta (1845-1915), a prominent lawyer, who later became the president of the Indian National Congress in 1890, and a member of the Bombay Legislative Council in 1893.
Theatrical makeup is makeup that is used to assist in creating the appearance of the characters that actors portray during a theater production.
Trimbak is a city and a municipal council in Nashik District in the Indian state of Maharashtra.
Trimbakeshwar or Tryambakeshwar is an ancient Hindu temple in the town of Trimbak, in the Trimbakeshwar tehsil in the Nashik District of Maharashtra, India, 28 km from the city of Nashik and 40 km from nashik road.
Trymbak B. Telang was an early Indian cinematographer.
Varanasi, also known as Benares, Banaras (Banāras), or Kashi (Kāśī), is a city on the banks of the Ganges in the Uttar Pradesh state of North India, south-east of the state capital, Lucknow, and east of Allahabad.
Brahmarshi Vishvamitra is one of the most venerated rishis or sages of ancient India.
Yajna (IAST) literally means "sacrifice, devotion, worship, offering", and refers in Hinduism to any ritual done in front of a sacred fire, often with mantras.
Yangon (ရန်ကုန်မြို့, MLCTS rankun mrui,; formerly known as Rangoon, literally: "End of Strife") was the capital of the Yangon Region of Myanmar, also known as Burma.
1913 was a particularly fruitful year for film as an art form, and is often cited one of the years in the decade which contributed to the medium the most, along with 1917.
The 56th National Film Awards, presented by Directorate of Film Festivals, the organisation set up by Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, India to felicitate the best of Indian Cinema released in the year 2008.
The 62nd British Academy Film Awards, given by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts, took place on 8 February 2009 and honoured the best films of 2008.
The 66th Golden Globe Awards, honoring the best in film and television of 2008, was broadcast on January 11, 2009, from the Beverly Hilton Hotel in Beverly Hills, California, United States on the NBC TV network.
The 82nd Academy Awards ceremony, presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), honored the best films of 2009 and took place on March 7, 2010, at the Kodak Theatre in Hollywood, Los Angeles beginning at 5:30 p.m. PST / 8:30 p.m. EST.