199 relations: ACDSee, Adobe Lightroom, Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Systems, Agfa-Gevaert, Android Lollipop, Aperture (software), Apple Inc., Application programming interface, Arri Alexa, Astrophotography, Bayer filter, Better Light, Bias frame, Bibble (software), Blue-green, BMP file format, Brightness, Burst mode (photography), Camera Image File Format, Canon EOS, Canon Inc., Canon PowerShot G, Capture One, Casio, Charge-coupled device, Chromatic aberration, Chrominance, CIE 1931 color space, Cintel, Color balance, Color filter array, Color grading, Color space, Color temperature, Compression artifact, Computer program, Content management system, Contrast (vision), Core Image, Corel AfterShot Pro, Cyan, Cyber-shot, Dark-frame subtraction, Darktable, Data conversion, Database, Dcraw, Defective pixel, Demosaicing, ..., DIGIC, DigiKam, Digital camera, Digital Negative, Digital photography, Digital versus film photography, Display contrast, Distortion (optics), DxO PhotoLab, Dynamic range, Encryption, Endianness, Exif, ExifTool, Extensible Metadata Platform, FastPictureViewer, File Explorer, File sequence, Film scanner, FlashPix, Flat-field correction, Foveon X3 sensor, Front and back ends, Fujifilm, Gamma correction, Gamut, GeoTIFF, GIMP, Google, Hasselblad, HDR PhotoStudio, Helicon Filter, High-dynamic-range imaging, HTML5, Hue, ICC profile, Image compression, Image file formats, Image scanner, Image sensor, ImageMagick, Infrared cleaning, Input method, International Organization for Standardization, International Press Telecommunications Council, IOS 10, IPhoto, IPTC Information Interchange Model, IrfanView, Java (software platform), JPEG, JPEG File Interchange Format, Keykode, Kodak, Leaf (Israeli company), Leica Camera, Library of Congress, LibRaw, Lightness, LightZone, List of cameras supporting a raw format, Logitech, Lossless compression, Lossless JPEG, Lossy compression, Lumix, Mac OS X Tiger, MagicRaw, Mamiya, Memory card, Metadata, Michael Reichmann, Microsoft, Minolta, Minolta A-mount system, Minolta RD-175, Motion picture film scanner, Negative (photography), Nikon, Noise reduction, Olympus Corporation, Open format, Open standard, Open-source model, OpenRAW, ORF format, PaintShop Pro, Panasonic, Pentax, Phase One (company), Photo Ninja, Photographic film, Photographic printing, Photographic processing, PhotoLine, Picasa, Pics.io, Pixel, Plug-in (computing), Portable Network Graphics, Posterization, Proprietary software, Purple fringing, Quantization (image processing), Radiometry, Raster graphics, Raster graphics editor, Rawstudio, RawTherapee, Rawzor, Red Digital Cinema, Reverse engineering, RGBE filter, Rich Internet application, Ricoh, Run-length encoding, Samsung, Seiko Epson, Sharpening, Shotwell (software), Sigma Corporation, Silkypix Developer Studio, SilverFast, Smartphone, Sony, Sony Cyber-shot DSC-F828, Sony Cyber-shot DSC-R1, Sony α, Spectral sensitivity, SRGB, Three-CCD camera, Thumbnail, TIFF, TIFF/EP, Tilt–shift photography, Timecode, Tone mapping, Tone reproduction, UFRaw, Unix, Unsharp masking, Vignetting, Visual acuity, Windows 7, Windows Photo Gallery, Windows Vista, Windows XP, Working group, XnView. Expand index (149 more) » « Shrink index
ACDSee is an image organizer, viewer, and image editor program for Windows, macOS and iOS, developed by ACD Systems International Inc.
Adobe Lightroom (officially Adobe Photoshop Lightroom) is a family of image organization and image manipulation software developed by Adobe Systems for Windows and macOS.
Adobe Photoshop is a raster graphics editor developed and published by Adobe Systems for macOS and Windows.
Adobe Systems Incorporated, commonly known as Adobe, is an American multinational computer software company.
Agfa-Gevaert N.V. (Agfa) is a Belgian-German multinational corporation that develops, manufactures, and distributes analogue and digital imaging products and systems, as well as IT solutions.
Android "Lollipop" is a codename for the Android mobile operating system developed by Google, spanning versions between 5.0 and 5.1.1.
Aperture is a discontinued photo editing and management computer program developed by Apple Inc. for the macOS operating system, first released in 2005, which was available from the Mac App Store.
Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.
In computer programming, an application programming interface (API) is a set of subroutine definitions, protocols, and tools for building software.
The Arri Alexa (stylised as ΛLEXΛ) is a digital motion picture camera system made by Arri first introduced in April 2010.
Astrophotography is a specialized type of photography for recording photos of astronomical objects, celestial events, and areas of the night sky.
A Bayer filter mosaic is a color filter array (CFA) for arranging RGB color filters on a square grid of photosensors.
Better Light, Inc. is a company in San Carlos, California, US that manufactures high-end digital scanning backs for view cameras, which are used in many photographic applications including; landscape, commercial advertising, fine art reproduction and architecture.
In digital photography, a bias frame is an image obtained from an opto-electronic image sensor, with no actual exposure time.
Bibble is a digital imaging program for multiple platforms by Bibble Labs, designed to assist photographers in post-production work and efficient optimization of images created in the Raw image format.
Blue-green/bottle green is a color that is a representation of the color that is between green and blue on a typical traditional old-fashioned RYB color wheel.
The BMP file format, also known as bitmap image file or device independent bitmap (DIB) file format or simply a bitmap, is a raster graphics image file format used to store bitmap digital images, independently of the display device (such as a graphics adapter), especially on Microsoft Windows and OS/2 operating systems.
Brightness is an attribute of visual perception in which a source appears to be radiating or reflecting light.
Burst mode, also called continuous shooting mode, sports mode or continuous high speed mode, is a shooting mode in still cameras.
In digital photography, the Camera Image File Format (CIFF) file format is a raw image format designed by Canon, and also used as a container format to store metadata in APP0 of JPEG images.
Canon EOS (Electro-Optical System) is an autofocus single-lens reflex camera (SLR) camera series produced by Canon Inc..
is a Japanese multinational corporation specializing in the manufacture of imaging and optical products, including cameras, camcorders, photocopiers, steppers, computer printers and medical equipment. It's headquartered in Ōta, Tokyo, Japan."." Canon. Retrieved on 13 January 2009. Canon has a primary listing on the Tokyo Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the TOPIX index. It has a secondary listing on the New York Stock Exchange.
The Canon PowerShot G is a series of digital cameras released by Canon.
Capture One (also known as Capture One Pro or C1Pro by users) is a professional raw image file converter and image editing software developed by Phase One.
is a Japanese multinational consumer electronics and commercial electronics manufacturing company headquartered in Shibuya, Tokyo, Japan.
A charge-coupled device (CCD) is a device for the movement of electrical charge, usually from within the device to an area where the charge can be manipulated, for example conversion into a digital value.
In optics, chromatic aberration (abbreviated CA; also called chromatic distortion and spherochromatism) is an effect resulting from dispersion in which there is a failure of a lens to focus all colors to the same convergence point.
Chrominance (chroma or C for short) is the signal used in video systems to convey the color information of the picture, separately from the accompanying luma signal (or Y for short).
The CIE 1931 color spaces were the first defined quantitative links between distributions of wavelengths in the electromagnetic visible spectrum, and physiologically perceived colors in human color vision.
Cintel was a British digital cinema company founded in 1927 by John Logie Baird and based in Ware, Hertfordshire.
In photography and image processing, color balance is the global adjustment of the intensities of the colors (typically red, green, and blue primary colors).
In photography, a color filter array (CFA), or color filter mosaic (CFM), is a mosaic of tiny color filters placed over the pixel sensors of an image sensor to capture color information.
Color grading is the process of altering and enhancing the color of a motion picture, video image, or still image electronically, photo-chemically or digitally.
A color space is a specific organization of colors.
The color temperature of a light source is the temperature of an ideal black-body radiator that radiates light of a color comparable to that of the light source.
A compression artifact (or artefact) is a noticeable distortion of media (including images, audio, and video) caused by the application of lossy compression.
A computer program is a collection of instructions for performing a specific task that is designed to solve a specific class of problems.
A content management system (CMS)Managing Enterprise Content: A Unified Content Strategy.
Contrast is the difference in luminance or colour that makes an object (or its representation in an image or display) distinguishable.
Core Image is a pixel-accurate, near-realtime, non-destructive image processing technology in Mac OS X. Implemented as part of the QuartzCore framework of Mac OS X 10.4 and later, Core Image provides a plugin-based architecture for applying filters and effects within the Quartz graphics rendering layer.
Corel AfterShot Pro is a commercial and proprietary raw image processing software by Corel.
Cyan is a greenish-blue color.
Cyber-shot is Sony's line of point-and-shoot digital cameras introduced in 1996.
In digital photography, dark-frame subtraction is a way to minimize image noise for photographs shot with long exposure times, at high ISO sensor sensitivity or at high temperatures.
darktable is a free and open-source photography workflow application and raw developer.
Data conversion is the conversion of computer data from one format to another.
A database is an organized collection of data, stored and accessed electronically.
dcraw is an open-source computer program which is able to read numerous raw image format files, typically produced by mid-range and high-end digital cameras.
Defective pixels are pixels on a liquid crystal display (LCD) that are not performing as expected.
A demosaicing (also de-mosaicing, demosaicking or debayering) algorithm is a digital image process used to reconstruct a full color image from the incomplete color samples output from an image sensor overlaid with a color filter array (CFA).
Digital Imaging Integrated Circuit (often styled as "DiG!C") is Canon Inc.'s name for a family of signal processing and control units for digital cameras and camcorders.
digiKam is a free and open-source image organizer and tag editor written in C++ utilizing the KDE Platform.
A digital camera or digicam is a camera that captures photographs in digital memory.
Digital Negative (DNG) is a patented, open, non-free lossless raw image format written by Adobe used for digital photography.
Digital photography is a form of photography that uses cameras containing arrays of electronic photodetectors to capture images focused by a lens, as opposed to an exposure on photographic film.
The merits of digital versus film photography were considered by photographers and filmmakers in the early 21st century after consumer digital cameras became widely available.
Contrast in visual perception is the difference in appearance of two or more parts of a field seen simultaneously or successively (hence: brightness contrast, lightness contrast, color contrast, simultaneous contrast, successive contrast, etc.). Contrast in physics is a quantity intended to correlate with the perceived brightness contrast, usually defined by one of a number of formulae (see below) which involve e.g. the luminances of the stimuli considered, for example: ΔL/L near the luminance threshold (known as Weber contrast), or LH/LL for much higher luminances.
In geometric optics, distortion is a deviation from rectilinear projection; a projection in which straight lines in a scene remain straight in an image.
DxO PhotoLab is image processing software developed by the French company DxO Labs.
Dynamic range, abbreviated DR, DNR, or DYR is the ratio between the largest and smallest values that a certain quantity can assume.
In cryptography, encryption is the process of encoding a message or information in such a way that only authorized parties can access it and those who are not authorized cannot.
Endianness refers to the sequential order in which bytes are arranged into larger numerical values when stored in memory or when transmitted over digital links.
Exchangeable image file format (officially Exif, according to JEIDA/JEITA/CIPA specifications) is a standard that specifies the formats for images, sound, and ancillary tags used by digital cameras (including smartphones), scanners and other systems handling image and sound files recorded by digital cameras.
ExifTool is a free and open-source software program for reading, writing, and manipulating image, audio, video, and PDF metadata.
The Extensible Metadata Platform (XMP) is an ISO standard, originally created by Adobe Systems Inc., for the creation, processing and interchange of standardized and custom metadata for digital documents and data sets.
FastPictureViewer is a freemium image viewer for Windows XP and later.
File Explorer, previously known as Windows Explorer, is a file manager application that is included with releases of the Microsoft Windows operating system from Windows 95 onwards.
In computing, as well as in non-computing contexts, a file sequence is a well-ordered, (finite) collection of files, usually related to each other in some way.
A film scanner is a device made for scanning photographic film directly into a computer without the use of any intermediate printmaking.
FlashPix is a bitmapped computer graphics file format where the image is saved in more than one resolution.
The brightness variation due to vignetting, as shown here, can be corrected by selectively brightening the perimeter of the image. Flat-field correction is a technique used to improve quality in digital imaging.
The Foveon X3 sensor is an image sensor for digital cameras, designed by Foveon, Inc. (now part of Sigma Corporation) and manufactured by Dongbu Electronics.
In software engineering, the terms front end and back end refer to the separation of concerns between the presentation layer (front end), and the data access layer (back end) of a piece of software, or the physical infrastructure or hardware.
, trading as Fujifilm (stylized as FUJiFILM), or simply Fuji, is a Japanese multinational photography and imaging company headquartered in Tokyo.
Gamma correction, or often simply gamma, is a nonlinear operation used to encode and decode luminance or tristimulus values in video or still image systems.
In color reproduction, including computer graphics and photography, the gamut, or color gamut, is a certain complete subset of colors.
GeoTIFF is a public domain metadata standard which allows georeferencing information to be embedded within a TIFF file.
GIMP (GNU Image Manipulation Program) is a free and open-source raster graphics editor used for image retouching and editing, free-form drawing, converting between different image formats, and more specialized tasks.
Google LLC is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising technologies, search engine, cloud computing, software, and hardware.
Victor Hasselblad AB is a Swedish manufacturer of medium-format cameras, photographic equipment and image scanners based in Gothenburg, Sweden.
HDR PhotoStudio is a discontinued high dynamic range (HDR) graphics application developed by Unified Color for Windows and macOS operating systems.
Helicon Filter, also referred to as Helicon, Filter, or as HF, was a proprietary commercial and shareware photo editing software program for Microsoft Windows, similar to such programs as Adobe Photoshop and GIMP, developed and published by Helicon Soft Ltd.
High-dynamic-range imaging (HDRI) is a high dynamic range (HDR) technique used in imaging and photography to reproduce a greater dynamic range of luminosity than is possible with standard digital imaging or photographic techniques.
HTML5 is a markup language used for structuring and presenting content on the World Wide Web.
Hue is one of the main properties (called color appearance parameters) of a color, defined technically (in the CIECAM02 model), as "the degree to which a stimulus can be described as similar to or different from stimuli that are described as red, green, blue, and yellow", (which in certain theories of color vision are called unique hues).
In color management, an ICC profile is a set of data that characterizes a color input or output device, or a color space, according to standards promulgated by the International Color Consortium (ICC).
Image compression is a type of data compression applied to digital images, to reduce their cost for storage or transmission.
Image file formats are standardized means of organizing and storing digital images.
An image scanner—often abbreviated to just scanner, although the term is ambiguous out of context (barcode scanner, CT scanner etc.)—is a device that optically scans images, printed text, handwriting or an object and converts it to a digital image.
An image sensor or imaging sensor is a sensor that detects and conveys the information that constitutes an image.
ImageMagick is a free and open-source software suite for displaying, converting, and editing raster image and vector image files.
Infrared cleaning is a technique used by some film scanners and flatbed scanners to reduce or remove the effect of dust and scratches upon the finished scan.
An input method (or input method editor, commonly abbreviated IME) is an operating system component or program that allows any data, such as keyboard strokes or mouse movements, to be received as input.
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations.
The International Press Telecommunications Council (IPTC), based in London, United Kingdom, is a consortium of the world's major news agencies, other news providers and news industry vendors and acts as the global standards body of the news media.
iOS 10 is the tenth major release of the iOS mobile operating system developed by Apple Inc., being the successor to iOS 9.
iPhoto is a discontinued digital photograph manipulation software application developed by Apple Inc. It was included with every Macintosh personal computer from 2002 to 2015, when it was replaced with Apple's Photos application.
The Information Interchange Model (IIM) is a file structure and set of metadata attributes that can be applied to text, images and other media types.
IrfanView is an image viewer, editor, organiser and converter program for Microsoft Windows.
Java is a set of computer software and specifications developed by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems, which was later acquired by the Oracle Corporation, that provides a system for developing application software and deploying it in a cross-platform computing environment.
JPEG is a commonly used method of lossy compression for digital images, particularly for those images produced by digital photography.
The JPEG File Interchange Format (JFIF) is an image file format standard.
Keykode (also written as either KeyKode or KeyCode) is an Eastman Kodak Company advancement on edge numbers, which are letters, numbers and symbols placed at regular intervals along the edge of 35 mm and 16 mm film to allow for frame-by-frame specific identification.
The Eastman Kodak Company (referred to simply as Kodak) is an American technology company that produces imaging products with its historic basis on photography.
Leaf, previously a division of Scitex and later Kodak, is now a subsidiary of Phase One.
Leica Camera AG is a German company that manufactures cameras, lenses, binoculars, rifle scopes and ophthalmic lenses.
The Library of Congress (LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States.
LibRaw is a free and open-source software library for reading raw files from digital cameras.
In colorimetry and color theory, lightness, also known as value or tone, is a representation of variation in the perception of a color or color space's brightness.
LightZone is a free, open source digital photo editor software application.
The following digital cameras allow photos to be taken and saved in at least one raw image format.
Logitech International S.A. (commonly referred to as Logitech or Logi; stylized as logitech, previously LOGITECH) is a Swiss provider of personal computer and mobile accessories, with its headquarters in Lausanne, Switzerland and administrative headquarters in Newark, California.
Lossless compression is a class of data compression algorithms that allows the original data to be perfectly reconstructed from the compressed data.
Lossless JPEG is a 1993 addition to JPEG standard by the Joint Photographic Experts Group to enable lossless compression.
In information technology, lossy compression or irreversible compression is the class of data encoding methods that uses inexact approximations and partial data discarding to represent the content.
Lumix is Panasonic's brand of digital cameras, ranging from pocket point-and-shoot models to digital SLRs.
Mac OS X Tiger (version 10.4) is the fifth major release of Mac OS X (now named macOS), Apple's desktop and server operating system for Mac computers.
MagicRaw was a camera raw image format and HDR (High Dynamic Range) digital imaging software processor designed to make the process of merging multiple photographs into high dynamic range images and convert raw files into displayable images.
is a Japanese company that manufactures high-end cameras and other related photographic and optical equipment.
A memory card, flash card or memory cartridge is an electronic flash memory data storage device used for storing digital information.
Metadata is "data that provides information about other data".
Michael H. Reichmann (MR) (25 June 1944 – 18 May 2016) was a Canadian landscape, travel and street fine-arts photographer as well as videographer, author, blogger, workshopper, independent technical consultant, camera tester, software developer and entrepreneur.
Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
was a Japanese manufacturer of cameras, camera accessories, photocopiers, fax machines, and laser printers.
The Minolta A-mount camera system was a line of photographic equipment from Minolta.
The Minolta RD-175 was probably the first digital SLR which was hand portable.
A motion picture film scanner is a device used in digital filmmaking to scan original film for storage as high-resolution digital intermediate files.
In photography, a negative is an image, usually on a strip or sheet of transparent plastic film, in which the lightest areas of the photographed subject appear darkest and the darkest areas appear lightest.
(or), also known just as Nikon, is a Japanese multinational corporation headquartered in Tokyo, Japan, specializing in optics and imaging products.
Noise reduction is the process of removing noise from a signal.
is a Japanese manufacturer of optics and reprography products.
An open format is a file format for storing digital data, defined by a published specification usually maintained by a standards organization, and which can be used and implemented by anyone.
An open standard is a standard that is publicly available and has various rights to use associated with it, and may also have various properties of how it was designed (e.g. open process).
The open-source model is a decentralized software-development model that encourages open collaboration.
OpenRAW was an initiative to raise awareness of a serious problem with top-end digital photography and to help solve that problem.
The ORF file format is a raw image format used in Olympus digital cameras.
PaintShop Pro (PSP) is a raster and vector graphics editor for Microsoft Windows.
, formerly known as, is a Japanese multinational electronics corporation headquartered in Kadoma, Osaka, Japan.
is a brand name used primarily by Japanese multinational imaging and electronics company Ricoh for cameras, sport optics (including binoculars and rifle scopes), and CCTV optics.
Phase One is a Danish company specializing in high-end digital photography equipment and software.
Photo Ninja is a RAW image processing software by PictureCode, first released as a finished product in September 2012.
Photographic film is a strip or sheet of transparent plastic film base coated on one side with a gelatin emulsion containing microscopically small light-sensitive silver halide crystals.
Photographic printing is the process of producing a final image on paper for viewing, using chemically sensitized paper.
Photographic processing or development is the chemical means by which photographic film or paper is treated after photographic exposure to produce a negative or positive image.
PhotoLine is a raster and vector graphics editor for Windows and Mac OS X. Its features include 16 bits of color depth, full color management, support of RGB, CMYK and Lab color models, layer support, and non-destructive image manipulation.
Picasa is a discontinued image organizer and image viewer for organizing and editing digital photos, plus an integrated photo-sharing website, originally created by a company named Lifescape (which at that time may have resided at Idealab) in 2002.
Pics.io (pronounced "pixy-o") is a digital asset management app developed by TopTechPhoto.
In digital imaging, a pixel, pel, dots, or picture element is a physical point in a raster image, or the smallest addressable element in an all points addressable display device; so it is the smallest controllable element of a picture represented on the screen.
In computing, a plug-in (or plugin, add-in, addin, add-on, addon, or extension) is a software component that adds a specific feature to an existing computer program.
Portable Network Graphics (PNG, pronounced or) is a raster graphics file format that supports lossless data compression.
Posterization or posterisation of an image entails conversion of a continuous gradation of tone to several regions of fewer tones, with abrupt changes from one tone to another.
Proprietary software is non-free computer software for which the software's publisher or another person retains intellectual property rights—usually copyright of the source code, but sometimes patent rights.
In photography, and particularly in digital photography, purple fringing (sometimes called PF) is the term for an out-of-focus purple or magenta "ghost" image on a photograph.
Quantization, involved in image processing, is a lossy compression technique achieved by compressing a range of values to a single quantum value.
Radiometry is a set of techniques for measuring electromagnetic radiation, including visible light.
In computer graphics, a raster graphics or bitmap image is a dot matrix data structure that represents a generally rectangular grid of pixels (points of color), viewable via a monitor, paper, or other display medium.
A raster graphics editor is a computer program that allows users to create and edit images interactively on the computer screen and save them in one of many "bitmap" or "raster" formats such as JPEG, PNG, GIF and TIFF.
Rawstudio is a stand-alone software application to read and manipulate images in raw image formats from digital cameras.
RawTherapee is a cross-platform raw image processing program, released under the GNU General Public License Version 3.
Rawzor is a proprietary lossless image compression software which compresses camera raw images without any loss in image quality or meta-information.
The Red Digital Cinema is an American company that manufactures digital cinematography and photography cameras and accessories.
Reverse engineering, also called back engineering, is the process by which a man-made object is deconstructed to reveal its designs, architecture, or to extract knowledge from the object; similar to scientific research, the only difference being that scientific research is about a natural phenomenon.
In digital photography, the RGBE filter is an alternative color filter array to the Bayer filter (GRGB).
is a Japanese multinational imaging and electronics company.
Run-length encoding (RLE) is a very simple form of lossless data compression in which runs of data (that is, sequences in which the same data value occurs in many consecutive data elements) are stored as a single data value and count, rather than as the original run.
Samsung is a South Korean multinational conglomerate headquartered in Samsung Town, Seoul.
(Epson being an abbreviation for "Son of Electronic Printer"), or simply Epson, is a Japanese electronics company and one of the world's largest manufacturers of computer printers, and information and imaging related equipment.
Sharpening is the process of creating or refining a sharp edge of appropriate shape on a tool or implement designed for cutting.
Shotwell is an image organizer designed to provide personal photo management for the GNOME desktop environment.
is a Japanese company, manufacturing cameras, lenses, flashes and other photographic accessories.
Silkypix Developer Studio is a commercial and proprietary RAW image processing software.
SilverFast is the name of a family of software for image scanning and processing, including photos, documents and slides, developed by LaserSoft Imaging.
A smartphone is a handheld personal computer with a mobile operating system and an integrated mobile broadband cellular network connection for voice, SMS, and Internet data communication; most, if not all, smartphones also support Wi-Fi.
is a Japanese multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Kōnan, Minato, Tokyo.
The Sony Cyber-shot DSC-F828 is a digital bridge camera announced by Sony on August 15, 2003.
The Sony Cyber-shot DSC-R1 is a bridge digital camera announced by Sony in 2005 (and discontinued in 2006).
Sony α (the lower case to Greek letter alpha, often transliterated as Sony Alpha), is a camera system introduced on 5 June 2006.
Spectral sensitivity is the relative efficiency of detection, of light or other signal, as a function of the frequency or wavelength of the signal.
sRGB (standard Red Green Blue) is an RGB color space that HP and Microsoft created cooperatively in 1996 to use on monitors, printers, and the Internet.
A three-CCD (3CCD) camera is a camera whose imaging system uses three separate charge-coupled devices (CCDs), each one receiving filtered red, green, or blue color ranges.
Thumbnails are reduced-size versions of pictures or videos, used to help in recognizing and organizing them, serving the same role for images as a normal text index does for words.
Tagged Image File Format, abbreviated TIFF or TIF, is a computer file format for storing raster graphics images, popular among graphic artists, the publishing industry, and photographers.
Tag Image File Format/Electronic Photography (TIFF/EP) is a digital image file format standard – ISO 12234-2, titled "Electronic still-picture imaging – Removable memory – Part 2: TIFF/EP image data format".
Tilt–shift photography is the use of camera movements on small- and medium-format cameras, and sometimes specifically refers to the use of tilt for selective focus, often for simulating a miniature scene.
A timecode (alternatively, time code) is a sequence of numeric codes generated at regular intervals by a timing synchronization system.
Tone mapping is a technique used in image processing and computer graphics to map one set of colors to another to approximate the appearance of high-dynamic-range images in a medium that has a more limited dynamic range.
In the theory of photography, tone reproduction is the mapping of scene luminance and color to print reflectance or display luminance, with the aim of subjectively "properly" reproducing brightness and "brightness differences".
UFRaw (which stands for Unidentified Flying Raw) is an application which can read and manipulate photographs in raw image formats, as created by many digital cameras.
Unix (trademarked as UNIX) is a family of multitasking, multiuser computer operating systems that derive from the original AT&T Unix, development starting in the 1970s at the Bell Labs research center by Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, and others.
Unsharp masking (USM) is an image sharpening technique, often available in digital image processing software.
In photography and optics, vignetting (vignette) is a reduction of an image's brightness or saturation toward the periphery compared to the image center.
Visual acuity (VA) commonly refers to the clarity of vision.
Windows 7 (codenamed Vienna, formerly Blackcomb) is a personal computer operating system developed by Microsoft.
Windows Photo Gallery (formerly known as Windows Live Photo Gallery) is an image organizer, photo editor and photo sharing app.
Windows Vista (codenamed Longhorn) is an operating system by Microsoft for use on personal computers, including home and business desktops, laptops, tablet PCs and media center PCs.
Windows XP (codenamed Whistler) is a personal computer operating system that was produced by Microsoft as part of the Windows NT family of operating systems.
A working group or working party is a group of experts working together to achieve specified goals.
XnView is an image organizer and general-purpose file manager used for viewing, converting, organizing and editing raster images, as well as general purpose file management.
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