33 relations: Atmosphere of Earth, Biomass, Biomaterial, Bulk cargo, Chemical substance, Coal, Commodity, Conflict resource, Cotton, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Downcycling, Dutch disease, Found object, Fuel, Iron ore, Karl Marx, Latex, List of building materials, Lumber, Marginal factor cost, Material passport, Materials science, Medication, Natural resource, Nest, Petroleum, Plastic, Recycling, Resource curse, Second Congo War, Twig, Upcycling, Water.
The atmosphere of Earth is the layer of gases, commonly known as air, that surrounds the planet Earth and is retained by Earth's gravity.
Biomass is an industry term for getting energy by burning wood, and other organic matter.
A biomaterial is any substance that has been engineered to interact with biological systems for a medical purpose - either a therapeutic (treat, augment, repair or replace a tissue function of the body) or a diagnostic one.
Bulk cargo is commodity cargo that is transported unpackaged in large quantities.
A chemical substance, also known as a pure substance, is a form of matter that consists of molecules of the same composition and structure.
Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock usually occurring in rock strata in layers or veins called coal beds or coal seams.
In economics, a commodity is an economic good or service that has full or substantial fungibility: that is, the market treats instances of the good as equivalent or nearly so with no regard to who produced them.
Conflict resources are natural resources extracted in a conflict zone and sold to perpetuate the fighting.
Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of the cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the mallow family Malvaceae.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo (République démocratique du Congo), also known as DR Congo, the DRC, Congo-Kinshasa or simply the Congo, is a country located in Central Africa.
Downcycling, or cascading, is the recycling of waste where the recycled material is of lower quality and functionality than the original material.
In economics, the Dutch disease is the apparent causal relationship between the increase in the economic development of a specific sector (for example natural resources) and a decline in other sectors (like the manufacturing sector or agriculture).
Found object originates from the French objet trouvé, describing art created from undisguised, but often modified, objects or products that are not normally considered materials from which art is made, often because they already have a non-art function.
A fuel is any material that can be made to react with other substances so that it releases energy as heat energy or to be used for work.
Iron ores are rocks and minerals from which metallic iron can be economically extracted.
Karl MarxThe name "Karl Heinrich Marx", used in various lexicons, is based on an error.
Latex is a stable dispersion (emulsion) of polymer microparticles in an aqueous medium.
This is a list of building materials.
Lumber (American English; used only in North America) or timber (used in the rest of the English speaking world) is a type of wood that has been processed into beams and planks, a stage in the process of wood production.
In microeconomics, the marginal factor cost (MFC) is the increment to total costs paid for a factor of production resulting from a one-unit increase in the amount of the factor employed.
A material passport is a document consisting of all the materials that are included in a product or construction.
The interdisciplinary field of materials science, also commonly termed materials science and engineering is the design and discovery of new materials, particularly solids.
A medication (also referred to as medicine, pharmaceutical drug, or simply drug) is a drug used to diagnose, cure, treat, or prevent disease.
Natural resources are resources that exist without actions of humankind.
A nest is a structure built by certain animals to hold eggs, offspring, and, occasionally, the animal itself.
Petroleum is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface.
Plastic is material consisting of any of a wide range of synthetic or semi-synthetic organic compounds that are malleable and so can be molded into solid objects.
Recycling is the process of converting waste materials into new materials and objects.
The resource curse, also known as the paradox of plenty, refers to the paradox that countries with an abundance of natural resources (like fossil fuels and certain minerals), tend to have less economic growth, less democracy, and worse development outcomes than countries with fewer natural resources.
The Second Congo War (also known as the Great War of Africa or the Great African War, and sometimes referred to as the African World War) began in August 1998 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, little more than a year after the First Congo War, and involved some of the same issues.
A twig is a small thin terminal branch of a woody plant.
Upcycling, also known as creative reuse, is the process of transforming by-products, waste materials, useless, or unwanted products into new materials or products of better quality or for better environmental value.
Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.