142 relations: Adjective, Adolf Hitler, Advance Australia Fair, Alberta liquor plebiscite, 1957, Approval voting, Australia, Australian referendum, 1967 (Aboriginals), Benito Mussolini, Bolivian gas referendum, 2004, Brazilian firearms and ammunition referendum, 2005, British Columbia electoral reform referendum, 2005, British Columbia electoral reform referendum, 2009, British Columbia Indigenous treaty referendum, 2002, California, Canton of Grisons, Carinthian plebiscite, 1920, Charlottetown Accord, Chris Patten, Citizens' Assembly (Ireland), Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Croatian European Union membership referendum, 2012, Cypriot Annan Plan referendums, 2004, Danish European Communities membership referendum, 1972, Deliberative referendum, Direct democracy, Dutch Intelligence and Security Services Act referendum, 2018, Dutch Ukraine–European Union Association Agreement referendum, 2016, Edinburgh congestion charge, Elections in the Republic of Ireland, Electoral district, European Union, Ferdinand Marcos, First-past-the-post voting, Francisco Franco, German election and referendum, 1936, Germany, Gerund, Gerundive, Gibraltar sovereignty referendum, 1967, Good Friday Agreement, Greater London Authority referendum, 1998, History of direct democracy in the United States, Independence referendum, Index of politics articles, Initiative, Iranian constitutional referendum, 1989, Iranian constitutional referendum, December 1979, Iranian Islamic Republic referendum, March 1979, Iranian referendum, 1963, Italian advisory referendum, 1989, ..., Italian general election, 1934, Italian institutional referendum, 1946, Italy, James Madison, Julian Critchley, Kenyan constitutional referendum, 2005, Latin, List of Northwest Territories plebiscites, London, Majority, Mandatory referendum, Marquis de Condorcet, Memorandum, Modern history of Switzerland, Montenegrin independence referendum, 1992, Montenegrin independence referendum, 2006, Newfoundland referendums, 1948, North East England devolution referendum, 2004, Northern Ireland border poll, 1973, Northern Ireland Good Friday Agreement referendum, 1998, Northwest Territories division plebiscite, 1982, Norwegian continued prohibition referendum, 1926, Norwegian European Communities membership referendum, 1972, Norwegian European Union membership referendum, 1994, Norwegian prohibition referendum, 1919, Noun, Nunavut capital plebiscite, 1995, Ontario electoral reform referendum, 2007, Ontario prohibition plebiscite, 1894, Ontario prohibition referendum, 1902, Ontario prohibition referendum, 1919, Ontario prohibition referendum, 1921, Ontario prohibition referendum, 1924, Optional referendum, Oxford English Dictionary, Panama Canal expansion referendum, 2006, Park Chung-hee, Philippine constitutional plebiscite, 1973, Plebeian Council, Plurality (voting), Polish European Union membership referendum, 2003, Political agenda, Political science, Political status of Puerto Rico, Popular referendum, Populism, Preposition and postposition, Presses polytechniques et universitaires romandes, Prince Edward Island electoral reform referendum, 2005, Propaganda, Proposition 204, Quebec referendum, 1980, Quebec referendum, 1995, Referendums by country, Referendums in Canada, Referendums in Italy, Referendums in Taiwan, Referendums in the United Kingdom, Referendums related to the European Union, Right to petition, Roman Republic, Saar status referendum, 1935, Saint John, New Brunswick ward plebiscite, 2007, Scottish devolution referendum, 1979, Scottish devolution referendum, 1997, Scottish independence referendum, 2014, Separability problem, Serbian constitutional referendum, 2006, Show election, South African apartheid referendum, 1992, South Korean constitutional referendum, 1972, Spanish law of succession referendum, 1947, Sweden, Switzerland, The Economist, Tokelauan self-determination referendum, 2006, Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe, Two-round system, Tyranny of the majority, UN mediation of the Kashmir dispute, United Kingdom, United Kingdom Alternative Vote referendum, 2011, United Kingdom European Communities membership referendum, 1975, United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, 2016, Venezuelan recall referendum, 2004, Voting, Voting in Switzerland, War referendum, Welsh devolution referendum, 1979, Welsh devolution referendum, 1997, Welsh devolution referendum, 2011, World War II. Expand index (92 more) » « Shrink index
In linguistics, an adjective (abbreviated) is a describing word, the main syntactic role of which is to qualify a noun or noun phrase, giving more information about the object signified.
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
"Advance Australia Fair" is the national anthem of Australia.
The 1957 Alberta Liquor Plebiscite was a province-wide plebiscite conducted in Alberta, Canada and it was held on October 30, 1957.
Approval voting is a single-winner electoral system where each voter may select ("approve") any number of candidates.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
The Australian referendum of 27 May 1967, called by the Holt Government, approved two amendments to the Australian constitution relating to Indigenous Australians.
Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini (29 July 1883 – 28 April 1945) was an Italian politician and journalist who was the leader of the National Fascist Party (Partito Nazionale Fascista, PNF).
A referendum on natural gas reserves was held in Bolivia on 18 July 2004.
On October 23, 2005, Brazil held a country-wide referendum on article 35 of the Disarmament Statute to determine whether to approve or disapprove the article, which states in full, "The sale of firearms and ammunition is prohibited in the entire national territory, except to those entities provided in article 6 of this Law." ("Art. 35. É proibida a comercialização de arma de fogo e munição em todo o território nacional, salvo para as entidades previstas no art. 6o desta Lei.") The referendum failed by nearly ⅔ and that part of the statute was not enacted.
A referendum was held in the Canadian province of British Columbia on May 17, 2005, to determine whether or not to adopt the recommendation of the Citizens' Assembly on Electoral Reform to replace the existing first-past-the-post electoral system (FPTP) with a single transferable vote system (BC-STV).
Following the 2005 electoral reform referendum, British Columbia held a second referendum on electoral reform in conjunction with the provincial election on May 12, 2009.
The BC Treaty Referendum was a province-wide referendum on First Nations treaty rights in British Columbia, Canada.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
The canton of (the) Grisons, or canton of Graubünden is the largest and easternmost canton of Switzerland.
The Carinthian plebiscite (Kärntner Volksabstimmung, Koroški plebiscit) was held on 10 October 1920 in the area predominantly settled by Carinthian Slovenes.
The Charlottetown Accord (Accord de Charlottetown) was a package of proposed amendments to the Constitution of Canada, proposed by the Canadian federal and provincial governments in 1992.
Christopher Francis Patten, Baron Patten of Barnes, (born 12 May 1944) is a British politician who served as the 28th and final Governor of Hong Kong from 1992-1997.
The Citizens' Assembly (An Tionól Saoránach) is a citizens' assembly established in Ireland in 2016 to consider several political questions: abortion, fixed term parliaments, referendums, population ageing, and climate change.
The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran was adopted by referendum on 2 and 3 December 1979, and went into force replacing the Constitution of 1906.
A referendum on the EU accession of the Republic of Croatia was held on 22 January 2012.
A referendum on the Annan Plan was held in the Republic of Cyprus and the breakaway Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus on 24 April 2004.
A referendum on joining the European Economic Community was held in Denmark on 2 October 1972.
A deliberative referendum is a referendum that increases public deliberation through purposeful institutional design.
Direct democracy or pure democracy is a form of democracy in which people decide on policy initiatives directly.
A consultative referendum on the Intelligence and Security Services Act 2017 was held in the Netherlands on 21 March 2018 alongside with the municipal elections.
The Dutch Ukraine–European Union Association Agreement referendum was a referendum on the approval of the Association Agreement between the European Union and Ukraine, held in the Netherlands on 6 April 2016.
The Edinburgh congestion charge (also known as Edinburgh road tolls) was a proposed scheme of congestion pricing for Scotland's capital city.
In Ireland, direct elections by universal suffrage are used for the President, the ceremonial head of state; for Dáil Éireann, the lower house of the Oireachtas or parliament; for the European Parliament; and for local government.
An electoral district, (election) precinct, election district, or legislative district, called a voting district by the US Census (also known as a constituency, riding, ward, division, electoral area, or electorate) is a territorial subdivision for electing members to a legislative body.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos Sr. (September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989) was a Filipino politician and kleptocrat who was President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986.
A first-past-the-post (FPTP) voting method is one in which voters indicate on a ballot the candidate of their choice, and the candidate who receives the most votes wins.
Francisco Franco Bahamonde (4 December 1892 – 20 November 1975) was a Spanish general who ruled over Spain as a military dictator from 1939, after the Nationalist victory in the Spanish Civil War, until his death in 1975.
Parliamentary elections were held in Germany on 29 March 1936.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
A gerund (abbreviated) is any of various nonfinite verb forms in various languages, most often, but not exclusively, one that functions as a noun.
In Latin grammar, a gerundive is a verb form that functions as a verbal adjective.
The Gibraltar sovereignty referendum of 1967 was held on 10 September 1967, in which Gibraltarian citizens were asked whether they wished to pass under Spanish sovereignty, with Gibraltarians keeping their British citizenship and a special status for Gibraltar within Spain; or remain under British sovereignty, with institutions of self-government.
The Good Friday Agreement (GFA) or Belfast Agreement (Comhaontú Aoine an Chéasta or Comhaontú Bhéal Feirste; Ulster-Scots: Guid Friday Greeance or Bilfawst Greeance) was a major political development in the Northern Ireland peace process of the 1990s.
The Greater London Authority referendum of 1998 was a referendum held in Greater London on 7 May 1998, asking whether there was support for the creation of a Greater London Authority, composed of a directly elected Mayor of London and a London Assembly to scrutinise the Mayor's actions.
The history of direct democracy amongst non-Native Americans in the United States dates from the 1630s in the New England Colonies.
An independence referendum is a type of referendum in which the citizens of a territory decide whether the territory should become an independent sovereign state.
This is a list of political topics, including political science terms, political philosophies, political issues, etc.
In political science, an initiative (also known as a popular or citizens' initiative) is a means by which a petition signed by a certain minimum number of registered voters can force a public vote (referendum, sometimes called a plebiscite).
A constitutional referendum was held in Iran on 28 July 1989, alongside presidential elections.
A constitutional referendum was held in Iran on 2 and 3 December 1979.
A referendum on creating an Islamic Republic was held in Iran on 30 and 31 March 1979.
A referendum was held in Iran on 26 January 1963 by the decree of Mohammad Reza Shah, with an aim to show popular support for him, asking voters to approve or veto the reforms of the White Revolution.
An advisory referendum on the European Economic Community was held in Italy on 18 June 1989,Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1048 alongside European elections.
General elections were held in Italy on 26 March 1934.
An institutional referendum (referendum istituzionale, or referendum sulla forma istituzionale dello Stato, in Italian) was held in Italy on 2 June 1946,Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1047 a key event of Italian contemporary history.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
James Madison Jr. (March 16, 1751 – June 28, 1836) was an American statesman and Founding Father who served as the fourth President of the United States from 1809 to 1817.
Sir Julian Michael Gordon Critchley (8 December 1930 – 9 September 2000) was a British journalist and Conservative Party politician.
A constitutional referendum was held in Kenya on 21 November 2005.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
This is a list of territory wide plebiscites that have occurred in the Northwest Territories.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
A majority is the greater part, or more than half, of the total.
The mandatory referendum (obligatorisches Referendum, référendum obligatoire, referendum obbligatorio, referendum obligatoric) is an instrument of direct democracy in Switzerland.
Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas de Caritat, Marquis of Condorcet (17 September 1743 – 29 March 1794), known as Nicolas de Condorcet, was a French philosopher, mathematician, and early political scientist whose Condorcet method in voting tally selects the candidate who would beat each of the other candidates in a run-off election.
A memorandum (abbrev.: memo; from Latin memorandum est, "It must be remembered (that)...") is a note, document or other communication that helps the memory by recording events or observations on a topic such as may be used in a business office.
This article deals with the history of Switzerland since 1848.
The Montenegrin independence referendum of March 1, 1992 was the first referendum regarding Montenegrin independence.
An independence referendum was held in Montenegro on 21 May 2006.
The Newfoundland Referendums of 1948 were a series of two referendums to decide the political future of the Dominion of Newfoundland.
The North East England devolution referendum was an all postal ballot referendum that took place on 4 November 2004 throughout North East England on whether or not to establish an elected assembly for the region.
The Northern Ireland border poll was a referendum held in Northern Ireland on 8 March 1973 on whether Northern Ireland should remain part of the United Kingdom or join with the Republic of Ireland to form a united Ireland.
The Good Friday Agreement referendum, 1998 was a referendum held in Northern Ireland over whether there was support for the Good Friday Agreement.
The Northwest Territories division plebiscite was a stand-alone territory wide plebiscite conducted on April 14, 1982.
A consultative and facultative referendum on continuing with prohibition was held in Norway on 18 October 1926.
A referendum on whether Norway should join the European Community was held on 25 September 1972.
A referendum on joining the European Union was held in Norway on 27 and 28 November 1994.
A referendum on introduction prohibition was held in Norway on 5 and 6 October 1919.
A noun (from Latin nōmen, literally meaning "name") is a word that functions as the name of some specific thing or set of things, such as living creatures, objects, places, actions, qualities, states of existence, or ideas.
A plebiscite on a capital city was held on 11 December 1995 in the area of the Northwest Territories that was to be split off into the new territory of Nunavut.
An Ontario electoral reform referendum was held on October 10, 2007, on the question of whether to establish a mixed member proportional representation (MMP) system for elections to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario.
An Ontario prohibition plebiscite was held on January 1, 1894, in conjunction with municipal elections under the Prohibition Plebiscite Act, on the legality of alcoholic beverages and the implementation of prohibition.
An Ontario prohibition referendum was held on December 4, 1902, under the Liquor Act, on the legality of alcoholic beverages and the implementation of prohibition in the province.
An Ontario prohibition referendum was held on October 20, 1919 (in conjunction with the 15th provincial election), on the repeal of the prohibition of alcoholic beverages.
An Ontario prohibition referendum was held on April 18, 1921 concerning a ban on the importation of alcoholic beverages into Ontario.
An Ontario prohibition referendum was held on October 23, 1924 on the repeal of the Ontario Temperance Act.
The optional referendum (fakultatives Referendum; référendum facultatif, referendum facoltativo, referendum facultativ) is an instrument of direct democracy in Switzerland.
The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is the main historical dictionary of the English language, published by the Oxford University Press.
The Panama Canal expansion referendum was held on October 22, 2006, when the citizens of Panama approved the Panama Canal expansion project by a wide margin.
Park Chung-hee (or; 14 November 1917 – 26 October 1979) was a South Korean politician, general, who served as the President of South Korea from 1963 until his assassination in 1979, assuming that office after first ruling the country as head of a military junta installed by the May 16 coup in 1961.
The Philippine constitutional plebiscite of 1973 ratified the 1973 Constitution of the Philippines.
The Concilium Plebis (English: Plebeian Council or Plebeian Assembly) was the principal assembly of the ancient Roman Republic.
A plurality vote (in North America) or relative majority (in the United Kingdom) describes the circumstance when a candidate or proposition polls more votes than any other, but does not receive a majority.
A referendum on joining the European Union was held in Poland on 7 and 8 June 2003.
A political agenda is a list of subjects or problems to which government officials as well as individuals outside the government are paying serious attention at any given time.
Political science is a social science which deals with systems of governance, and the analysis of political activities, political thoughts, and political behavior.
The political status of Puerto Rico is that of an unincorporated territory of the United States.
A popular referendum (also known, depending on jurisdiction, as citizens' veto, people's veto, veto referendum, citizen referendum, abrogative referendum, rejective referendum, suspensive referendum or statute referendum) Maija Setälä, is a type of a referendum that provides a means by which a petition signed by a certain minimum number of registered voters can force a public vote (plebiscite) on an existing statute, constitutional amendment, charter amendment or ordinance, or, in its minimal form, to simply oblige the executive or legislative bodies to consider the subject by submitting it to the order of the day.
In politics, populism refers to a range of approaches which emphasise the role of "the people" and often juxtapose this group against "the elite".
Prepositions and postpositions, together called adpositions (or broadly, in English, simply prepositions), are a class of words used to express spatial or temporal relations (in, under, towards, before) or mark various semantic roles (of, for).
The Presses polytechniques et universitaires romandes (PPUR, literally "Polytechnic and university press of French-speaking Switzerland") is a Swiss academic publishing house.
A referendum was held in the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island on November 28, 2005 to determine whether to adopt the Mixed Member Proportional (MMP) system as presented by the Commission on Prince Edward Island's Electoral Future.
Propaganda is information that is not objective and is used primarily to influence an audience and further an agenda, often by presenting facts selectively to encourage a particular synthesis or perception, or using loaded language to produce an emotional rather than a rational response to the information that is presented.
Proposition 204 of 2006 (or the Humane Treatment of Farm Animals Act) was a law enacted by the voters of Arizona by means of the initiative process.
The 1980 Quebec independence referendum was the first referendum in Quebec on the place of Quebec within Canada and whether Quebec should pursue a path toward sovereignty.
The 1995 Quebec independence referendum was the second referendum to ask voters in the Canadian French-speaking province of Quebec whether Quebec should proclaim national sovereignty and become an independent country, with the condition precedent of offering a political and economic agreement to Canada.
A referendum (in some countries synonymous with plebiscite, or a vote on a ballot question) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal.
National referendums are seldom used in Canada.
A referendum, in the Italian legal system is a request directed to the whole electorate to express their view on a determined question.
The referendums in Taiwan are governed by the Referendum Act of Taiwan, which was enacted by the Legislative Yuan in December 2003.
Referendums in the United Kingdom are very occasionally held at a national, regional or local level.
This is a list of referendums related to the European Union, or referendums related to the European Communities, which were predecessors of the European Union.
The right to petition government for redress of grievances is the right to make a complaint to, or seek the assistance of, one's government, without fear of punishment or reprisals.
The Roman Republic (Res publica Romana) was the era of classical Roman civilization beginning with the overthrow of the Roman Kingdom, traditionally dated to 509 BC, and ending in 27 BC with the establishment of the Roman Empire.
A referendum on territorial status was held in the Territory of the Saar Basin on 13 January 1935.
On October 9, 2007 the city of Saint John, New Brunswick held a plebiscite on a proposal regarding how its Common Council would be composed in the future.
The Scottish referendum of 1979 was a post-legislative referendum to decide whether there was sufficient support for a Scottish Assembly proposed in the Scotland Act 1978 among the Scottish electorate.
The Scottish devolution referendum of 1997 was a pre-legislative referendum held in Scotland on 11 September 1997 over whether there was support for the creation of a Scottish Parliament with devolved powers, and whether the Parliament should have tax-varying powers.
A referendum on Scottish independence from the United Kingdom took place on Thursday 18 September 2014.
The separability problem is a concept from the field of social choice theory that describes the situation where two or more issues up for vote on a ballot either are, or are perceived as, related.
A referendum on a proposed draft of the new Serbian constitution was held on October 28 and 29 October 2006 and resulted in the draft constitution being approved by the Serbian electorate.
A show election, also known as a sham election or rubber stamp election, is an election that is held purely for show; that is, without any significant political choice.
A referendum on ending apartheid was held in South Africa on 17 March 1992.
A constitutional referendum was held in South Korea on 21 November 1972.
A referendum on the law of succession was held in Spain on 6 July 1947.
Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.
The Economist is an English-language weekly magazine-format newspaper owned by the Economist Group and edited at offices in London.
The Tokelau self-determination referendum of 2006, supervised by the United Nations, was held from February 11 to February 15, 2006.
The Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe (TCE; commonly referred to as the European Constitution or as the Constitutional Treaty) was an unratified international treaty intended to create a consolidated constitution for the European Union (EU).
The two-round system (also known as the second ballot, runoff voting or ballotage) is a voting method used to elect a single winner, where the voter casts a single vote for their chosen candidate.
Tyranny of the majority (or tyranny of the masses) refers to an inherent weakness of direct democracy and majority rule in which the majority of an electorate can and does place its own interests above, and at the expense of, those in the minority.
The United Nations has played an important role in maintaining peace and order in Jammu and Kashmir soon after the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947, when a dispute erupted between the two States on the question of Jammu and Kashmir.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United Kingdom Alternative Vote referendum, also known as the UK-wide referendum on the Parliamentary voting system was held on Thursday 5 May 2011 (the same date as local elections in many areas) in the United Kingdom (UK) to choose the method of electing MPs at subsequent general elections as part of the Conservative – Liberal Democrat Coalition Agreement drawn up after the 2010 general election which had resulted in the first hung parliament since February 1974 and also indirectly in the aftermath of the 2009 expenses scandal under the provisions of the Parliamentary Voting System and Constituencies Act 2011 and was the first national referendum to be held under provisions laid out in the Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act 2000.
The United Kingdom European Communities membership referendum, also known as the Referendum on the European Community (Common Market), the Common Market referendum and EEC membership referendum took place on 5 June 1975 in the United Kingdom to gauge support for the country's continued membership of the European Communities (EC)—often known at the time as the "European Community” and the "Common Market" which it had entered on 1 January 1973 under the Conservative government of Edward Heath under the provisions of the Referendum Act 1975.
The United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, also known as the EU referendum and the Brexit referendum, took place on 23 June 2016 in the United Kingdom (UK) and Gibraltar to gauge support for the country either remaining a member of, or leaving, the European Union (EU) under the provisions of the European Union Referendum Act 2015 and also the Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act 2000.
The Venezuelan recall referendum of 15 August 2004 was a referendum to determine whether Hugo Chávez, then President of Venezuela, should be recalled from office.
Voting is a method for a group, such as, a meeting or an electorate to make a decision or express an opinion, usually following discussions, debates or election campaigns.
Voting in Switzerland (called votation) is the process by which Swiss citizens make decisions about governance and elect officials.
A War referendum is a proposed type of referendum in which citizens decide whether a nation should go to war.
The Welsh referendum of 1979 was a post-legislative referendum held on 1 March 1979 (Saint David's Day) to decide whether there was sufficient support for a Welsh Assembly among the Welsh electorate.
The Welsh devolution referendum of 1997 was a pre-legislative referendum held in Wales on 18 September 1997 over whether there was support for the creation of an assembly for Wales with devolved powers.
The Welsh devolution referendum on law-making powers also known as the Referendum on the law-making powers of the National Assembly for Wales was a non-binding referendum held in Wales on 3 March 2011 on whether the Welsh Assembly should have full law making powers in the twenty subject areas where it has jurisdiction.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Advisory referendum, Ballot question, Ballot referenda, Ballot referendum, Ballot referendums, Binding referendum, Citizens Intiated Referendum, Consultative referendum, National referendum, National referendums, Non-binding referendum, Nonbinding referendum, Plebecite, Plebicite, Plebiscita, Plebiscitarianism, Plebiscite, Plebiscite issue, Plebiscites, Preferenda, Preferendum, Preferendums, Public referendum, Referenda, Referendum and Initiative, Referendums.