Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Faster access than browser!


Index Reformism

Reformism is a political doctrine advocating the reform of an existing system or institution instead of its abolition and replacement. [1]

68 relations: André Gorz, Anthony Crosland, Arthur Koestler, Bad Godesberg, Bill Rodgers, Baron Rodgers of Quarry Bank, Bolsheviks, Capitalism, Centre-left politics, Centrist Marxism, Clause IV, Communism, Communist International, Communist Party of Germany, Communist revolution, Democracy, Democratic socialism, Economic system, Eduard Bernstein, Ethical socialism, Fabian Society, Full employment, Gaitskellism, German Revolution of 1918–19, Germany, Godesberg Program, Gotha Program, Gradualism, Hugh Gaitskell, Impossibilism, Interwar period, Iranian Reformists, Joseph Stalin, Karl Marx, Keynesian economics, Labour Party (UK), Libertarian possibilism, Marxism, Nationalization, Nazi Party, New Democratic Party, Opportunism, Passive revolution, Political radicalism, Political system, Reform, Reform movement, Revisionism (Marxism), Revolutionary socialism, Richard Crossman, Rosa Luxemburg, ..., Roy Jenkins, Shirley Williams, Social democracy, Social Democratic Party (UK), Social Democratic Party of Germany, Social fascism, Social Reform or Revolution?, Socialism, Socialist Party of Great Britain, Soviet Union, State ownership, The Future of Socialism, The God that Failed, Tony Blair, United Kingdom, United Kingdom general election, 1959, Western Europe, Working class. Expand index (18 more) »

André Gorz

André Gorz (né Gerhart Hirsch; born 9 February 1923 – 22 September 2007) more commonly known by his pen names Gérard Horst and Michel Bosquet was an Austrian social philosopher and journalist.

New!!: Reformism and André Gorz · See more »

Anthony Crosland

Charles Anthony Raven Crosland (29 August 1918 – 19 February 1977), sometimes known as Tony Crosland or C. A. R. Crosland, was a British Labour Party politician and author.

New!!: Reformism and Anthony Crosland · See more »

Arthur Koestler

Arthur Koestler, (Kösztler Artúr; 5 September 1905 – 1 March 1983) was a Hungarian-British author and journalist.

New!!: Reformism and Arthur Koestler · See more »

Bad Godesberg

Bad Godesberg is a municipal district of Bonn, southern North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

New!!: Reformism and Bad Godesberg · See more »

Bill Rodgers, Baron Rodgers of Quarry Bank

William Thomas Rodgers, Baron Rodgers of Quarry Bank, PC (born Liverpool, Lancashire, 28 October 1928), usually known as William Rodgers but also often known as Bill Rodgers, was one of the "Gang of Four" of senior British Labour Party politicians who defected to form the Social Democratic Party (SDP).

New!!: Reformism and Bill Rodgers, Baron Rodgers of Quarry Bank · See more »


The Bolsheviks, originally also Bolshevists or Bolsheviki (p; derived from bol'shinstvo (большинство), "majority", literally meaning "one of the majority"), were a faction of the Marxist Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP) which split apart from the Menshevik faction at the Second Party Congress in 1903.

New!!: Reformism and Bolsheviks · See more »


Capitalism is an economic system based upon private ownership of the means of production and their operation for profit.

New!!: Reformism and Capitalism · See more »

Centre-left politics

Centre-left politics or center-left politics (American English), also referred to as moderate-left politics, is an adherence to views leaning to the left-wing, but closer to the centre on the left–right political spectrum than other left-wing variants.

New!!: Reformism and Centre-left politics · See more »

Centrist Marxism

Centrism has a specific meaning within the Marxist movement, referring to a position between revolution and reformism.

New!!: Reformism and Centrist Marxism · See more »

Clause IV

Clause IV was part of the 1918 constitution of the Labour Party in Britain which set out the aims and values of the party.

New!!: Reformism and Clause IV · See more »


In political and social sciences, communism (from Latin communis, "common, universal") is the philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money and the state.

New!!: Reformism and Communism · See more »

Communist International

The Communist International (Comintern), known also as the Third International (1919–1943), was an international communist organization that advocated world communism.

New!!: Reformism and Communist International · See more »

Communist Party of Germany

The Communist Party of Germany (Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands, KPD) was a major political party in Germany between 1918 and 1933, and a minor party in West Germany in the postwar period until it was banned in 1956.

New!!: Reformism and Communist Party of Germany · See more »

Communist revolution

A communist revolution is a proletarian revolution often, but not necessarily inspired by the ideas of Marxism that aims to replace capitalism with communism, typically with socialism as an intermediate stage.

New!!: Reformism and Communist revolution · See more »


Democracy (δημοκρατία dēmokraa thetía, literally "rule by people"), in modern usage, has three senses all for a system of government where the citizens exercise power by voting.

New!!: Reformism and Democracy · See more »

Democratic socialism

Democratic socialism is a political philosophy that advocates political democracy alongside social ownership of the means of production with an emphasis on self-management and/or democratic management of economic institutions within a market socialist, participatory or decentralized planned economy.

New!!: Reformism and Democratic socialism · See more »

Economic system

An economic system is a system of production, resource allocation and distribution of goods and services within a society or a given geographic area.

New!!: Reformism and Economic system · See more »

Eduard Bernstein

Eduard Bernstein (6 January 185018 December 1932) was a German social-democratic Marxist theorist and politician.

New!!: Reformism and Eduard Bernstein · See more »

Ethical socialism

Ethical socialism is a political philosophy that appeals to socialism on ethical and moral grounds as opposed to economic, egoistic, and consumeristic grounds.

New!!: Reformism and Ethical socialism · See more »

Fabian Society

The Fabian Society is a British socialist organization whose purpose is to advance the principles of democratic socialism via gradualist and reformist effort in democracies, rather than by revolutionary overthrow.

New!!: Reformism and Fabian Society · See more »

Full employment

Full employment means that everyone who wants a job have all the hours of work they need on "fair wages".

New!!: Reformism and Full employment · See more »


Gaitskellism was the ideology of a faction of the British Labour Party.

New!!: Reformism and Gaitskellism · See more »

German Revolution of 1918–19

The German Revolution or November Revolution (Novemberrevolution) was a civil conflict in the German Empire at the end of the First World War that resulted in the replacement of the German federal constitutional monarchy with a democratic parliamentary republic that later became known as the Weimar Republic.

New!!: Reformism and German Revolution of 1918–19 · See more »


Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.

New!!: Reformism and Germany · See more »

Godesberg Program

The Godesberg Program (Godesberger Programm) was the party program outline of the political course of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD).

New!!: Reformism and Godesberg Program · See more »

Gotha Program

The Gotha Program was the name given to the party platform adopted by the nascent German Social Democratic Party (SPD) at its initial party congress, held in the town of Gotha in 1875.

New!!: Reformism and Gotha Program · See more »


Gradualism, from the Latin gradus ("step"), is a hypothesis, a theory or a tenet assuming that change comes about gradually or that variation is gradual in nature and happens over time as opposed to in large steps.

New!!: Reformism and Gradualism · See more »

Hugh Gaitskell

Hugh Todd Naylor Gaitskell (9 April 1906 – 18 January 1963) was a British politician and Leader of the Labour Party.

New!!: Reformism and Hugh Gaitskell · See more »


Impossibilism is a Marxist theory and perspective on the emergence of socialism that stresses the limited value of political, economic, cultural and social reforms within a capitalist economy.

New!!: Reformism and Impossibilism · See more »

Interwar period

In the context of the history of the 20th century, the interwar period was the period between the end of the First World War in November 1918 and the beginning of the Second World War in September 1939.

New!!: Reformism and Interwar period · See more »

Iranian Reformists

The Iranian reformists (Eslâh-Talabân) are a political faction in Iran that support former President Mohammad Khatami's plans to change the Iranian political system to include more freedom and democracy.

New!!: Reformism and Iranian Reformists · See more »

Joseph Stalin

Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was a Soviet revolutionary and politician of Georgian nationality.

New!!: Reformism and Joseph Stalin · See more »

Karl Marx

Karl MarxThe name "Karl Heinrich Marx", used in various lexicons, is based on an error.

New!!: Reformism and Karl Marx · See more »

Keynesian economics

Keynesian economics (sometimes called Keynesianism) are the various macroeconomic theories about how in the short run – and especially during recessions – economic output is strongly influenced by aggregate demand (total demand in the economy).

New!!: Reformism and Keynesian economics · See more »

Labour Party (UK)

The Labour Party is a centre-left political party in the United Kingdom.

New!!: Reformism and Labour Party (UK) · See more »

Libertarian possibilism

Libertarian possibilism (sp: posibilismo libertario) was a political current within the early 20th century Spanish anarchist movement which advocated achieving the anarchist ends of ending the state and capitalism with participation inside structures of contemporary parliamentary democracy.

New!!: Reformism and Libertarian possibilism · See more »


Marxism is a method of socioeconomic analysis that views class relations and social conflict using a materialist interpretation of historical development and takes a dialectical view of social transformation.

New!!: Reformism and Marxism · See more »


Nationalization (or nationalisation) is the process of transforming private assets into public assets by bringing them under the public ownership of a national government or state.

New!!: Reformism and Nationalization · See more »

Nazi Party

The National Socialist German Workers' Party (abbreviated NSDAP), commonly referred to in English as the Nazi Party, was a far-right political party in Germany that was active between 1920 and 1945 and supported the ideology of Nazism.

New!!: Reformism and Nazi Party · See more »

New Democratic Party

The New Democratic Party (NDP; Nouveau Parti démocratique, NPD) is a social democraticThe party is widely described as social democratic.

New!!: Reformism and New Democratic Party · See more »


Opportunism is the conscious policy and practice of taking advantage of circumstances – with little regard for principles, or with what the consequences are for others.

New!!: Reformism and Opportunism · See more »

Passive revolution

Passive revolution is a term coined by Italian politician and philosopher Antonio Gramsci during the interwar period in Italy.

New!!: Reformism and Passive revolution · See more »

Political radicalism

The term political radicalism (in political science known as radicalism) denotes political principles focused on altering social structures through revolutionary or other means and changing value systems in fundamental ways.

New!!: Reformism and Political radicalism · See more »

Political system

A political system is a system of politics and government.

New!!: Reformism and Political system · See more »


Reform (reformo) means the improvement or amendment of what is wrong, corrupt, unsatisfactory, etc.

New!!: Reformism and Reform · See more »

Reform movement

A reform movement is a type of social movement that aims to bring a social or political system closer to the community's ideal.

New!!: Reformism and Reform movement · See more »

Revisionism (Marxism)

Within the Marxist movement, the word revisionism is used to refer to various ideas, principles and theories that are based on a significant revision of fundamental Marxist premises.

New!!: Reformism and Revisionism (Marxism) · See more »

Revolutionary socialism

Revolutionary socialism is the socialist doctrine that social revolution is necessary in order to bring about structural changes to society.

New!!: Reformism and Revolutionary socialism · See more »

Richard Crossman

Richard Howard Stafford Crossman (15 December 1907 – 5 April 1974), sometimes known as Dick Crossman, was a British Labour Party Member of Parliament, as well as a key figure among the party's Zionists and anti-communists.

New!!: Reformism and Richard Crossman · See more »

Rosa Luxemburg

Rosa Luxemburg (Róża Luksemburg; also Rozalia Luxenburg; 5 March 1871 – 15 January 1919) was a Polish Marxist theorist, philosopher, economist, anti-war activist, and revolutionary socialist who became a naturalized German citizen at the age of 28.

New!!: Reformism and Rosa Luxemburg · See more »

Roy Jenkins

Roy Harris Jenkins, Baron Jenkins of Hillhead, (11 November 1920 – 5 January 2003) was a British Labour Party, SDP and Liberal Democrat politician, and biographer of British political leaders.

New!!: Reformism and Roy Jenkins · See more »

Shirley Williams

Shirley Vivian Teresa Brittain Williams, Baroness Williams of Crosby, (née Catlin; born 27 July 1930) is a British politician and academic who represents the Liberal Democrats.

New!!: Reformism and Shirley Williams · See more »

Social democracy

Social democracy is a political, social and economic ideology that supports economic and social interventions to promote social justice within the framework of a liberal democratic polity and capitalist economy.

New!!: Reformism and Social democracy · See more »

Social Democratic Party (UK)

The Social Democratic Party (SDP) was a centrist political party in the United Kingdom.

New!!: Reformism and Social Democratic Party (UK) · See more »

Social Democratic Party of Germany

The Social Democratic Party of Germany (Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands, SPD) is a social-democratic political party in Germany.

New!!: Reformism and Social Democratic Party of Germany · See more »

Social fascism

Social fascism was a theory supported by the Communist International (Comintern) during the early 1930s, which held that social democracy was a variant of fascism because—in addition to a shared corporatist economic model—it stood in the way of a dictatorship of the proletariat.

New!!: Reformism and Social fascism · See more »

Social Reform or Revolution?

Social Reform or Revolution? (Sozialreform oder Revolution?) is an 1899 pamphlet by Polish-German Marxist theorist Rosa Luxemburg.

New!!: Reformism and Social Reform or Revolution? · See more »


Socialism is a range of economic and social systems characterised by social ownership and democratic control of the means of production as well as the political theories and movements associated with them.

New!!: Reformism and Socialism · See more »

Socialist Party of Great Britain

The Socialist Party of Great Britain (SPGB) is a socialist political party in the United Kingdom.

New!!: Reformism and Socialist Party of Great Britain · See more »

Soviet Union

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.

New!!: Reformism and Soviet Union · See more »

State ownership

State ownership (also called public ownership and government ownership) is the ownership of an industry, asset, or enterprise by the state or a public body representing a community as opposed to an individual or private party.

New!!: Reformism and State ownership · See more »

The Future of Socialism

The Future of Socialism by Anthony Crosland, published in 1956, was one of the most influential books in post-war British Labour Party thinking.

New!!: Reformism and The Future of Socialism · See more »

The God that Failed

The God That Failed is a 1949 book that collects together six essays with the testimonies of a number of ex-communist writers and journalists.

New!!: Reformism and The God that Failed · See more »

Tony Blair

Anthony Charles Lynton Blair (born 6 May 1953) is a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1997 to 2007 and Leader of the Labour Party from 1994 to 2007.

New!!: Reformism and Tony Blair · See more »

United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

New!!: Reformism and United Kingdom · See more »

United Kingdom general election, 1959

The 1959 United Kingdom general election was held on 8 October 1959.

New!!: Reformism and United Kingdom general election, 1959 · See more »

Western Europe

Western Europe is the region comprising the western part of Europe.

New!!: Reformism and Western Europe · See more »

Working class

The working class (also labouring class) are the people employed for wages, especially in manual-labour occupations and industrial work.

New!!: Reformism and Working class · See more »

Redirects here:

Evolutionary socialism, Progressivist authoritiarianism, Reformist, Reformist socialism, Reformists, Revisionism Theory.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reformism

Hey! We are on Facebook now! »