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Refugee camp

Index Refugee camp

A refugee camp is a temporary settlement built to receive refugees and people in refugee-like situations. [1]

269 relations: Adjumani, Afghanistan, Afghans in Pakistan, Ain al-Hilweh, Al-Hawl, Al-Waleed (camp), Algeria, Ali Adde, Attacks on humanitarian workers, Australia, Awbere (woreda), Azakhel Bala, Azraq refugee camp, Čardak, Kovin, Ħal Far, Badaber, Bagnoli, Ban Mai Nai Soi refugee camp, Ban Vinai Refugee Camp, Banditry, Bangladesh, Barricade, Basroch refugee camp, Battle of Yarmouk Camp (2015), Battle of Yarmouk Camp (December 2012), Beldangi refugee camps, Bhutanese refugees, Bidi Bidi Refugee Settlement, Brazil, Breidjing Camp, Buduburam, Burkina Faso, Calais Jungle, Cambodian humanitarian crisis, Cameroon, Canada, Central African Republic, Chad, Champtala, Chile, Chios, Chlorine, Civil war, Comè, Crematory, Cyprus internment camps, Dadaab, Darfur, David Miliband, Deir al-Balah, ..., Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Development town, Disinfectant, Dohuk, Dolo Odo, Doro, South Sudan, Dowa District, Dunkirk, East Germany, Economic migrant, Effective demand, Environmental migrant, Epidemic, Erbil, European migrant crisis, Expulsions and exoduses of Jews, Finland, Food distribution, Forced displacement in popular culture, Former eastern territories of Germany, Friedland, Lower Saxony, Galang Refugee Camp, Gateway Protection Programme, Gatumba, Gaziantep, Geographic information system, Ghana, Gicumbi District, Goldhap, Goldhap refugee camp, Google Darfur, Goz Beïda, Grande-Synthe, Guerrilla warfare, Hart Sheik, Hatay Province, High energy biscuit, Hmong people, Holhol, Human rights, Human settlement, Humanitarian aid, Humanitarian crisis, Humenné, Hygiene, Iceland, Idomeni, Immigrant camps (Israel), Immigration detention, Immunization, Incidence (epidemiology), Indochina, Indochina refugee crisis, Indonesia, Infection, Influenza, Infrastructure, Internally displaced person, International Committee of the Red Cross, International Organization for Migration, International Rescue Committee, Iran, Iraq, Iraqi Kurdistan, Ireland, Itang, Ivory Coast, Jalozai, Jelazee Refugee Camp, Jerrycan, Jewish exodus from Arab and Muslim countries, Jomvu, Jordan, Kakuma, Karen people, Karenni people, Kebri Beyah, Khao-I-Dang, Khmer people, Khudunabari refugee camp, Kilis Oncupinar Accommodation Facility, Kjesäter, Kløvermarken, Kouankan, Kyaka II Refugee Settlement, Kyangwali Refugee Settlement, La Liniere refugee camp, Lampedusa, Lampedusa immigrant reception center, Latrine, Lazaret, Niger, Lebanon, Lesbos, Lhotshampa, Liberia, Liboi, List of ongoing armed conflicts, Ma'abarot, Maban County, Mae La refugee camp, Mae Ra Moe refugee camp, Malaria, Malawi, Malta, Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Mauritania, Mbilé, Measles, Meningitis, Mexico, Mrajeeb Al Fhood refugee camp, Municipal solid waste, Myanmar, Nakivale Refugee Settlement, Nasir Bagh, Netherlands, New Zealand, Niatak refugee camp, Noh Poe, Non-governmental organization, Nong Chan Refugee Camp, Nong Khai Refugee camp, Nong Samet Refugee Camp, Norway, Norwegian Refugee Council, Nyarugusu, Oksbøl Refugee Camp, Osire, Outreach, Pakistan, Palestinian refugee camps, Palestinian refugees, Peacekeeping, People smuggling, Philippine Refugee Processing Center, Pit latrine, Posttraumatic stress disorder, Prefabricated home, Puzhal, Qah, Radio, Ras Ajdir, Rationing, Refugee, Refugee camp, Refugee children, Refugee Nation, Refugee shelter, Refugee women, Refugees of Libya, Refugees of the Syrian Civil War, Refugees of the Syrian Civil War in Jordan, Rhino Camp Refugee Settlement, Right of asylum, Rohingya people, Rwamwanja Refugee Settlement, Rwanda, Sa Kaeo Refugee Camp, Sahel, Sahrawi refugee camps, Samos, Sangatte, Sanischare refugee camp, Security checkpoint, Sh'erit ha-Pletah, Shamshato Refugee Camp, Site Two Refugee Camp, Somalia, Somatic symptom disorder, South Sudan, Squatting, Sri Lankan Tamils, Sudan, Sudanese refugees in Chad, Sulaymaniyah, Sweden, Syria, Syrian Civil War, Syrian refugee camps, Tamil Nadu, Tap (valve), Tarpaulin, Tent, Tent city, The Guardian, Third country resettlement, Timai refugee camp, Timeline of the European migrant crisis, Timișoara, Tindouf, Toilet, Tongogara Refugee Camp, Torbat-e Jam (refugee camp), Traiskirchen, Transitional shelter, Tuareg people, Tunisia, Turkey, Unisex, United Kingdom, United Nations, United Nations Border Relief Operation, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, United States, UNRWA, Vietnamese boat people, Viral hepatitis, Voluntary return, Vrela Ribnička, Washing, World Food Programme, Wu Kai Sha, Yarmouk Camp, Yemen, Yugoslav Wars, Yugoslavia, Zaatari refugee camp, Zambia. Expand index (219 more) »


Adjumani is a town in Adjumani District in the Northern Region of Uganda and the site of the district headquarters.

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Afghanistan (Pashto/Dari:, Pashto: Afġānistān, Dari: Afġānestān), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia.

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Afghans in Pakistan

Afghans in Pakistan (افغان مهاجرين., Afghan Muhajreen) primarily constitute refugees who have fled wars in Afghanistan, but there are small numbers of Afghan asylum seekers, migrant workers, merchants, businesspeople, exchange students and diplomats..

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Ain al-Hilweh

Ain al-Hilweh (عين الحلوة, lit. meaning "sweet natural spring"), also spelled as Ayn al-Hilweh and Ein al-Hilweh, is the largest Palestinian refugee camp in Lebanon.

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al-Hawl (lit), also spelled al-Hol, al-Hool and al-Houl, is a town in eastern al-Hasakah Governorate, northeastern Syria.

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Al-Waleed (camp)

Al-Waleed (مخيم الوليد) is a makeshift Palestinian refugee camp in Iraq, near the border with Syria and the al-Tanf Crossing, and not far from the border with Jordan.

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Algeria (الجزائر, familary Algerian Arabic الدزاير; ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻⵔ; Dzayer; Algérie), officially the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, is a sovereign state in North Africa on the Mediterranean coast.

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Ali Adde

Ali Adde (Cali Cadde, أدى على) is a town in Djibouti.

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Attacks on humanitarian workers

Humanitarian aid workers belonging to United Nations organisations, PVOs / NGOs or the Red Cross / Red Crescent have traditionally enjoyed both international legal protection, and de facto immunity from attack by belligerent parties.

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Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.

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Awbere (woreda)

Awbere (Awbarre) (Amharic: ተፈሪ አሞሌ), (also known as Teferi Ber), is one of the woredas in the Somali Region of Ethiopia.

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Azakhel Bala

Azakhel Bala is a village in Pabbi Tehsil of Nowshera District, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.

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Azraq refugee camp

The Azraq refugee camp is a refugee camp, located near Azraq, Jordan, built for refugees of the Syrian Civil War.

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Čardak, Kovin

Čardak is a former vacation settlement on the southern edge of the Deliblatska peščara (Deliblato Sands), in the community of Kovin in Serbia.

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Ħal Far

Ħal Far is one of the main industrial estates in Malta.

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Badhaber locally spells as Badabher is a village in Peshawar District of Khyber Pukhtunkhwa province in Pakistan.

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Bagnoli is a western seaside quarter of Naples, Italy, well beyond the confines of the original city.

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Ban Mai Nai Soi refugee camp

Ban Mai Nai Soi refugee camp is a refugee camp which was established in Karenni State in 1989, and had an estimated refugee population of 19,512 in 2008.

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Ban Vinai Refugee Camp

Ban Vinai Refugee Camp, officially the Ban Vinai Holding Center, was a refugee camp in Thailand from 1975 until 1992.

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Banditry is the life and practice of bandits.

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Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ, lit. "The country of Bengal"), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh (গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ), is a country in South Asia.

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Barricade, from the French barrique (barrel), is any object or structure that creates a barrier or obstacle to control, block passage or force the flow of traffic in the desired direction.

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Basroch refugee camp

Basroch refugee camp was situated in Grande-Synthe, Dunkirk, France.

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Battle of Yarmouk Camp (2015)

The Battle of Yarmouk Camp (2015) was a battle that broke out in April 2015, during the Syrian Civil War, when the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant stormed the rebel-held Yarmouk Camp.

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Battle of Yarmouk Camp (December 2012)

The Battle of Yarmouk Camp (December 2012) was a period of fierce clashes in Yarmouk Camp during the Syrian Civil War.

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Beldangi refugee camps

The Beldangi refugee camps (Nepali: बेलडाँगी शरणार्थी शिविर; Belḍā̃gī śaraṇārthī śivira) consist of three settlements in Damak, Jhapa District, Nepal: Beldangi I, Beldangi II, and Beldangi III Extension.

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Bhutanese refugees

Bhutanese refugees are Lhotshampas ("southerners"), a group of Nepali language-speaking Bhutanese people, including the Kirat, Tamang, Magar, Brahman, Chhetri and Gurung peoples.

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Bidi Bidi Refugee Settlement

Bidi Bidi Refugee Settlement is a refugee camp in northwestern Uganda.

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Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.

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Breidjing Camp

Breidjing Camp (مخيم بريجينك) is a refugee camp in Chad created in May 2004 for Sudanese refugees from Darfur.

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Buduburam is a refugee camp located west of Accra, Ghana.

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Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso is a landlocked country in West Africa.

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Calais Jungle

The Calais Jungle was a refugee and migrant encampment in the vicinity of Calais, France, in use from January 2015 to October 2016.

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Cambodian humanitarian crisis

The Cambodian humanitarian crisis from 1969 to 1993 consisted of a series of related events which resulted in the death, displacement, or resettlement abroad of millions of Cambodians.

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No description.

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Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.

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Central African Republic

The Central African Republic (CAR; Sango: Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka; République centrafricaine, or Centrafrique) is a landlocked country in Central Africa.

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Chad (تشاد; Tchad), officially the Republic of Chad ("Republic of the Chad"), is a landlocked country in Central Africa.

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Champtala is a refugee camp in Surkh Rod District, Nangarhar Province, Afghanistan.

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Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.

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Chios (Χίος, Khíos) is the fifth largest of the Greek islands, situated in the Aegean Sea, off the Anatolian coast.

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Chlorine is a chemical element with symbol Cl and atomic number 17.

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Civil war

A civil war, also known as an intrastate war in polemology, is a war between organized groups within the same state or country.

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Comè is a town and arrondissement located in the Mono Department of Benin.

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A crematory (also known as a crematorium, cremator or retort) is a machine in which bodies are burned down to the bones, eliminating all soft tissue.

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Cyprus internment camps

Cyprus internment camps were camps run by the British government for internment of Jews who had immigrated or attempted to immigrate to Mandatory Palestine in violation of British policy.

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Dadaab is a semi-arid town in Garissa County, Kenya.

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Darfur (دار فور, Fur) is a region in western Sudan.

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David Miliband

David Wright Miliband (born 15 July 1965) is a British Labour Party politician, charity chief executive and public policy analyst who was the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs from 2007 to 2010 and the Member of Parliament (MP) for South Shields from 2001 to 2013.

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Deir al-Balah

Deir al-Balah or Dayr al-Balah (دير البلح translated Monastery of the Date Palm) is a Palestinian city in the central Gaza Strip and the administrative capital of the Deir el-Balah Governorate.

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Democratic Republic of the Congo

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (République démocratique du Congo), also known as DR Congo, the DRC, Congo-Kinshasa or simply the Congo, is a country located in Central Africa.

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Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.

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Development town

Development town (עיירת פיתוח, Ayarat Pitu'ah) is a term used to refer to the new settlements that were built in Israel during the 1950s in order to provide permanent housing to a large influx of Jewish immigrants from Arab countries, Holocaust survivors from Europe and other new immigrants (Olim), who arrived to the newly established State of Israel.

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Disinfectants are antimicrobial agents that are applied to the surface of non-living objects to destroy microorganisms that are living on the objects.

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Dohuk (دهۆک,; ܢܘܗܕܪܐ.; دهوك) is the capital of Dohuk Governorate in Iraq, it is a city with a population of approximately 300 000 inhabitants, consisting mostly of Kurds and then Assyrians.

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Dolo Odo

Dolo Odo or Dolo Ado or Dollo Ado (Dooloow) is one of the woredas in the Somali Region of Ethiopia.

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Doro, South Sudan

Doro is a village and a refugee camp in Maban County, Eastern Nile, South Sudan.

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Dowa District

Dowa is a district in the Central Region of Malawi.

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Dunkirk (Dunkerque; Duinkerke(n)) is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.

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East Germany

East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR; Deutsche Demokratische Republik, DDR), existed from 1949 to 1990 and covers the period when the eastern portion of Germany existed as a state that was part of the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War period.

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Economic migrant

An economic migrant is someone who emigrates from one region to another to seek an improvement in living standards because the living conditions or job opportunities in the migrant's own region are not sufficient.

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Effective demand

In economics, effective demand (ED) in a market is the demand for a product or service which occurs when purchasers are constrained in a different market.

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Environmental migrant

Climate refugees or environmental migrants are people who are forced to leave their home region due to sudden or long-term changes to their local environment.

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An epidemic (from Greek ἐπί epi "upon or above" and δῆμος demos "people") is the rapid spread of infectious disease to a large number of people in a given population within a short period of time, usually two weeks or less.

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Erbil, also spelt Arbil or Irbil, locally called Hawler by the Kurdish people (ھەولێر Hewlêr; أربيل, Arbīl; ܐܲܪܒܝܠ, Arbela), is the capital of Iraqi Kurdistan and the largest city in northern Iraq.

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European migrant crisis

The European migrant crisis, or the European refugee crisis, is a term given to a period beginning in 2015 when rising numbers of people arrived in the European Union (EU), travelling across the Mediterranean Sea or overland through Southeast Europe.

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Expulsions and exoduses of Jews

In Jewish history, Jews have experienced numerous mass expulsions or ostracism by various local authorities and have sought refuge in other countries.

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Finland (Suomi; Finland), officially the Republic of Finland is a country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, and Russia to the east.

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Food distribution

Food distribution is a process in which a general population is supplied with food.

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Forced displacement in popular culture

Forced displacement and the experiences of refugees, asylum seekers and otherwise forcibly displaced people became of increasing interest in the popular culture since 2015 with the European migrant crisis.

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Former eastern territories of Germany

The former eastern territories of Germany (Ehemalige deutsche Ostgebiete) are those provinces or regions east of the current eastern border of Germany (the Oder–Neisse line) which were lost by Germany after World War I and then World War II.

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Friedland, Lower Saxony

Friedland is a municipality in the district of Göttingen, in Lower Saxony, Germany.

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Galang Refugee Camp

Galang Refugee Camp accommodated Indochinese refugees from 1979 to 1996 on Galang Island in the Riau Islands of Indonesia.

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Gateway Protection Programme

The Gateway Protection Programme is a scheme operated by the British government in partnership with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and co-funded by the European Union (EU), offering a legal route for a quota of UNHCR-identified refugees to be resettled in the United Kingdom.

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The village of Gatumba lies on the western side of Burundi, near the border with the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

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Gaziantep, previously and still informally called Antep (Այնթապ, Kurdish: Dîlok), is a city in the western part of Turkey's Southeastern Anatolia Region, some east of Adana and north of Aleppo, Syria.

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Geographic information system

A geographic information system (GIS) is a system designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and present spatial or geographic data.

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Ghana, officially the Republic of Ghana, is a unitary presidential constitutional democracy, located along the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean, in the subregion of West Africa.

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Gicumbi District

Gicumbi is a district (akarere) in Northern Province, Rwanda.

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Goldhap is a village development committee in Jhapa District in the Mechi Zone of south-eastern Nepal.

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Goldhap refugee camp

Goldhap refugee camp (Nepali: गोलधाप शरणार्थी शिविर; Goldhāp śaraṇārthī śivira) is a small refugee camp in Nepal populated by just over 4,600 Bhutanese refugees as of 2011.

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Google Darfur

Google Darfur is a 2007 documentary film directed by Robert Simental.

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Goz Beïda

Goz Beïda (قوز بيدا) is the main town (chef-lieu) of the Kimiti department and the Sila (or Dar Sila) region in southeastern Chad.

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Grande-Synthe is a commune in the Nord department in the Nord-Pas de Calais region in northern France.

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Guerrilla warfare

Guerrilla warfare is a form of irregular warfare in which a small group of combatants, such as paramilitary personnel, armed civilians, or irregulars, use military tactics including ambushes, sabotage, raids, petty warfare, hit-and-run tactics, and mobility to fight a larger and less-mobile traditional military.

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Hart Sheik

Hart Sheik (also transliterated Hartishek) is a city in eastern Ethiopia and is located in the Somali Region of Ethiopia and it is considered the second largest city in Fafan Zone (Jijiga region) and was an ex-refugee camp during the civil war in Somalia and is where most of Kebri Beyah (woreda) population is suited to.

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Hatay Province

Hatay Province (Hatay ili) is a province in southern Turkey, on the eastern Mediterranean coast. The administrative capital is Antakya (Antioch), and the other major city in the province is the port city of İskenderun (Alexandretta). It is bordered by Syria to the south and east and the Turkish provinces of Adana and Osmaniye to the north. The province is part of Çukurova (Cilicia), a geographical, economical and cultural region that covers the provinces of Mersin, Adana, Osmaniye, and Hatay. There are border crossing points with Syria in the district of Yayladağı and at Cilvegözü in the district of Reyhanlı. Sovereignty over the province remains disputed with neighbouring Syria, which claims that the province was separated from itself against the stipulations of the French Mandate of Syria in the years following Syria's independence from the Ottoman Empire after World War I. Although the two countries have remained generally peaceful in their dispute over the territory, Syria has never formally renounced its claims to it.

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High energy biscuit

High Energy Biscuits (HEB) are wheat biscuits containing high-protein cereals and vegetable fat.

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Hmong people

The Hmong/Mong (RPA: Hmoob/Moob) are an indigenous people in Asia.

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Holhol (حلحول, Hollholl) is a town in the Ali Sabieh Region of Djibouti.

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Human rights

Human rights are moral principles or normsJames Nickel, with assistance from Thomas Pogge, M.B.E. Smith, and Leif Wenar, December 13, 2013, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,, Retrieved August 14, 2014 that describe certain standards of human behaviour and are regularly protected as natural and legal rights in municipal and international law.

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Human settlement

In geography, statistics and archaeology, a settlement, locality or populated place is a community in which people live.

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Humanitarian aid

Humanitarian aid is material and logistic assistance to people who need help.

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Humanitarian crisis

A humanitarian crisis (or "humanitarian disaster") is defined as a singular event or a series of events that are threatening in terms of health, safety or well being of a community or large group of people.

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Humenné (Гуменне; Homenau; Homonna) is a town in the Prešov Region ("kraj") in eastern Slovakia and the second largest town of the historic Zemplín region.

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Hygiene is a set of practices performed to preserve health.

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Iceland is a Nordic island country in the North Atlantic, with a population of and an area of, making it the most sparsely populated country in Europe.

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Idomeni or Eidomene (Ειδομένη) is a small village in Greece, near the borders with the Republic of Macedonia.

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Immigrant camps (Israel)

The Immigrant camps in Israel (מחנות עולים plural Mahanot Olim) were temporary refugee absorption camps, meant to provide accommodation for the large influx of Jewish refugees and new Olim (Jewish immigrants) arriving to Mandatory Palestine and later the independent State of Israel, since early 1947.

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Immigration detention

Immigration detention is the policy of holding individuals suspected of visa violations, illegal entry or unauthorised arrival, and those subject to deportation and removal in detention until a decision is made by immigration authorities to grant a visa and release them into the community, or to repatriate them to their country of departure.

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Immunization, or immunisation, is the process by which an individual's immune system becomes fortified against an agent (known as the immunogen).

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Incidence (epidemiology)

Incidence in epidemiology is a measure of the probability of occurrence of a given medical condition in a population within a specified period of time.

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Indochina, originally Indo-China, is a geographical term originating in the early nineteenth century and referring to the continental portion of the region now known as Southeast Asia.

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Indochina refugee crisis

The Indochina refugee crisis was the large outflow of people from the former French colonies of Indochina, comprising the countries of Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos, after communist governments were established in 1975.

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Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.

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Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to the infectious agents and the toxins they produce.

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Influenza, commonly known as "the flu", is an infectious disease caused by an influenza virus.

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Infrastructure is the fundamental facilities and systems serving a country, city, or other area, including the services and facilities necessary for its economy to function.

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Internally displaced person

An internally displaced person (IDP) is someone who is forced to flee his or her home but who remains within his or her country's borders.

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International Committee of the Red Cross

The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is a humanitarian institution based in Geneva, Switzerland, and a three-time Nobel Prize Laureate.

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International Organization for Migration

The International Organization for Migration (IOM) is an intergovernmental organization that provides services and advice concerning migration to governments and migrants, including internally displaced persons, refugees, and migrant workers.

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International Rescue Committee

The International Rescue Committee (IRC) is a global humanitarian aid, relief, and development nongovernmental organization.

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Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).

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Iraq (or; العراق; عێراق), officially known as the Republic of Iraq (جُمُهورية العِراق; کۆماری عێراق), is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west.

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Iraqi Kurdistan

Iraqi Kurdistan, officially called the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (Herêmî Kurdistan) by the Iraqi constitution, is an autonomous region located in northern Iraq.

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Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic.

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Itang (also spelled Etang;, first draft, p. 81 Ethiopic: ኢታንግ, Table B.4) is a town in the Gambela Region in western Ethiopia.

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Ivory Coast

Ivory Coast, also known as Côte d'Ivoire and officially as the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire, is a sovereign state located in West Africa.

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Jalozai (جلوزی, جلوزی) (also Jailozai and Jallozai) is a village located in Nowshera District of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan.

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Jelazee Refugee Camp

The Jelazee Refugee Camp was a refugee camp in Pakistan, near the Afghanistan border.

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A jerrycan (also written as jerry can or jerrican) is a robust liquid container made from pressed steel.

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Jewish exodus from Arab and Muslim countries

The Jewish exodus from Arab and Muslim countries, or Jewish exodus from Arab countries, was the departure, flight, expulsion, evacuation and migration of 850,000 Jews, primarily of Sephardi and Mizrahi background, from Arab and Muslim countries, mainly from 1948 to the early 1970s.

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Jomvu is a settlement in Kenya's Coast Province.

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Jordan (الْأُرْدُنّ), officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (المملكة الأردنية الهاشمية), is a sovereign Arab state in Western Asia, on the East Bank of the Jordan River.

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Kakuma is a town in northwestern Turkana County, Kenya.

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Karen people

The Karen, Kayin, Kariang or Yang people (ကညီကလုာ်, ကရင်လူမျိုး,; Per Ploan Poe or Ploan in Pwo Karen and Pwa Ka Nyaw or Kanyaw in Sgaw Karen; กะเหรี่ยง) refer to a number of individual Sino-Tibetan language speaking ethnic groups, many of which do not share a common language or culture.

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Karenni people

The Karenni, also known as the Red Karen, the Kayah or the Kayahli (meaning "red human"), are a Sino-Tibetan people living mostly in Kayah State, Myanmar (Burma).

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Kebri Beyah

Kebri Beyah (also spelled Kebribeyah, Qebri Beyah,, Qabribayah, Somali: Qabribayax) is a town in southeastern Ethiopia.

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Khao-I-Dang Holding Center was a Cambodian refugee camp located 20 km north of Aranyaprathet in Prachinburi (now Sa Kaeo) Province of Thailand.

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Khmer people

Khmer people (ខ្មែរ,, Northern Khmer pronunciation) are a Southeast Asian ethnic group native to Cambodia, accounting for 97.6% of the country's 15.9 million people.

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Khudunabari refugee camp

Khudunabari refugee camp (Nepali: खुदुनाबारी शरणार्थी शिविर; Khudunābārī śaraṇārthī śivira), located to the northwest of Sanischare, Kosi, Nepal, is home to some 10,688 Bhutanese refugees.

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Kilis Oncupinar Accommodation Facility

Kilis Öncüpınar Accommodation Facility is a refugee camp in Turkey for refugees fleeing the Syrian Civil War.

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Kjesäter is a manor in the municipality of Vingåker in the county of Södermanland that now serves as a folkhögskola and youth hostel.

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Kløvermarken (the Clover Field) is a large green space in the Amager East district of Copenhagen, Denmark.

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Kouankan is a town and sub-prefecture in the Macenta Prefecture in the Nzérékoré Region of south-eastern Guinea.

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Kyaka II Refugee Settlement

Kyaka II Refugee Settlement is a refugee camp in Kyegegwa District in western Uganda.

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Kyangwali Refugee Settlement

Kyangwali Refugee Settlement is a refugee camp in Hoima District in western Uganda.

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La Liniere refugee camp

La Liniere refugee camp was situated in Grande-Synthe, Dunkirk, France.

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Lampedusa (Lampidusa; Λοπαδούσσα Lopadoussa) is the largest island of the Italian Pelagie Islands in the Mediterranean Sea.

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Lampedusa immigrant reception center

Lampedusa immigrant reception center, officially Reception Center (CDA) of Lampedusa, has been operating since 1998, when the Italian island of Lampedusa became a primary European entry point for immigrants from Africa.

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A latrine is a toilet or an even simpler facility which is used as a toilet within a sanitation system.

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Lazaret, Niger

Lazaret is a northern suburb of Niamey, Niger.

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Lebanon (لبنان; Lebanese pronunciation:; Liban), officially known as the Lebanese RepublicRepublic of Lebanon is the most common phrase used by Lebanese government agencies.

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Lesbos (Λέσβος), or Lezbolar in Turkish sometimes referred to as Mytilene after its capital, is a Greek island located in the northeastern Aegean Sea.

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The Lhotshampa or Lhotsampa (ल्होत्साम्पा) people are a heterogeneous Bhutanese people of Nepalese descent.

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Liberia, officially the Republic of Liberia, is a country on the West African coast.

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Liboi is a town in Garissa County, Kenya, at the border with Somalia.

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List of ongoing armed conflicts

The following is a list of ongoing armed conflicts that are taking place around the world and continue to result in violence.

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Ma'abarot (מַעְבָּרוֹת) were refugee absorption camps in Israel in the 1950s.

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Maban County

Greater Maban (which means the people of the land) is a county located in the Upper Nile State of South Sudan.

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Mae La refugee camp

Mae La, Beh klaw (alternatively spelled Maela),(မဲၣ်လၤဒဲကဂီၤ, ဘဲကျီး) is a refugee camp in Thailand.

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Mae Ra Moe refugee camp

Mae Ra Moe refugee camp, also called Mae Ra Ma Luang or Mae Ra Mu, is a Karen refugee camp in the Sob Moei District, Mae Hong Son Province, Thailand on the Border of Burma, established in 1995.

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Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease affecting humans and other animals caused by parasitic protozoans (a group of single-celled microorganisms) belonging to the Plasmodium type.

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Malawi (or; or maláwi), officially the Republic of Malawi, is a landlocked country in southeast Africa that was formerly known as Nyasaland.

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Malta, officially known as the Republic of Malta (Repubblika ta' Malta), is a Southern European island country consisting of an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea.

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Maslow's hierarchy of needs

Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a theory in psychology proposed by Abraham Maslow in his 1943 paper “A Theory of Human Motivation” in Psychological Review.

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Mauritania (موريتانيا; Gànnaar; Soninke: Murutaane; Pulaar: Moritani; Mauritanie), officially the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, is a country in the Maghreb region of Northwestern Africa.

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Mbilé, or Mbilé Refugee Camp, is located near the village of Lolo in Kadey Department, East Region, Cameroon.

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Measles is a highly contagious infectious disease caused by the measles virus.

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Meningitis is an acute inflammation of the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord, known collectively as the meninges.

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Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.

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Mrajeeb Al Fhood refugee camp

Mrajeeb Al Fhood refugee camp (also spelled variously as Murijep al Fhoud and Marjeeb Al Fahood) is a refugee camp for refugees fleeing the Syrian Civil War.

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Municipal solid waste

Municipal solid waste (MSW), commonly known as trash or garbage in the United States and rubbish in Britain, is a waste type consisting of everyday items that are discarded by the public.

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Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia.

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Nakivale Refugee Settlement

Nakivale refugee camp is a settlement located in Isingiro District in Southwest Uganda.

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Nasir Bagh

Nasir Bagh (ناصر باغ) is an Afghan refugee camp on the edge of Peshawar in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (known in Afghanistan as "شمال مغربی سرحدی صوبہ Śhumāl Maġribī Sarhadī Sūbha") province of Pakistan.

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The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.

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New Zealand

New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.

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Niatak refugee camp

Niatak is an Afghan refugee camp in Iran's southeastern Sistan and Baluchestan Province, near the Iranian city of Zahedan and close to the Afghan border.

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Noh Poe

Noh Poe or Nu Po (Karen; Small Lake) is a refugee camp of approximately 14,000 people in the Amphoe Umphang district of Tak Province in Thailand.

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Non-governmental organization

Non-governmental organizations, nongovernmental organizations, or nongovernment organizations, commonly referred to as NGOs, are usually non-profit and sometimes international organizations independent of governments and international governmental organizations (though often funded by governments) that are active in humanitarian, educational, health care, public policy, social, human rights, environmental, and other areas to effect changes according to their objectives.

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Nong Chan Refugee Camp

Nong Chan Refugee Camp, located in Nong Chan Village, Khok Sung District, Sa Kaeo Province, Thailand, was one of the earliest organized refugee camps on the Thai-Cambodian border, where thousands of Khmer refugees sought food and health care after fleeing the Vietnamese invasion of Democratic Kampuchea in 1979.

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Nong Khai Refugee camp

"Nong Khai Refugee Camp" was built after the influx of Laotian refugees (Kmhmu, Lao, and Hmong) escaped into the Kingdom of Thailand after the fall of the Kingdom of Laos (or Laos).

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Nong Samet Refugee Camp

Nong Samet Refugee Camp (ค่ายผู้อพยพหนองเสม็ด, also known as 007, Rithisen or Rithysen), located in Nong Samet Village, Khok Sung District, Sa Kaeo Province, Thailand, was one of the largest refugee camps on the Thai-Cambodian border and served as a power base for the Khmer People's National Liberation Front (KPNLF) until its destruction by the Vietnamese military in late 1984.

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Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.

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Norwegian Refugee Council

The Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC, Flyktninghjelpen) is a humanitarian, non-governmental organisation that protects the rights of people affected by displacement.

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Nyarugusu refugee camp is, with around 150,000 refugees, one of the largest and also one of the best-known refugee camps of the 21st century.

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Oksbøl Refugee Camp

The Oksbøl Refugee Camp was the largest camp for German Refugees in Denmark after World War II.

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Osire is a refugee camp in central Namibia, situated 200 km north of the capital Windhoek next to the main road C30 from Gobabis to Otjiwarongo.

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Outreach is an activity of providing services to any populations who might not otherwise have access to those services.

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Pakistan (پاکِستان), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان), is a country in South Asia.

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Palestinian refugee camps

Palestinian refugee camps were established after the 1948 Arab–Israeli War to accommodate the Palestinian refugees who fled or were expelled during the 1948 Palestinian exodus.

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Palestinian refugees

The term "Palestine refugees" originally referred to both Arabs and Jews whose normal place of residence had been in Mandatory Palestine but were displaced and lost their livelihoods as a result of the 1948 Palestine war.

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Peacekeeping refers to activities intended to create conditions that favour lasting peace.

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People smuggling

People smuggling (also called human smuggling), under US law, is "the facilitation, transportation, attempted transportation or illegal entry of a person or persons across an international border, in violation of one or more countries' laws, either clandestinely or through deception, such as the use of fraudulent documents".

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Philippine Refugee Processing Center

The Philippine Refugee Processing Center (PRPC) was a large facility near Morong, Bataan, Philippines, which was used as the final stop for Indochinese refugees making their way to permanent resettlement in other nations.

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Pit latrine

A pit latrine or pit toilet is a type of toilet that collects human feces in a hole in the ground.

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Posttraumatic stress disorder

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)Acceptable variants of this term exist; see the Terminology section in this article.

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Prefabricated home

Prefabricated homes, often referred to as prefab homes or simply prefabs, are specialist dwelling types of prefabricated building, which are manufactured off-site in advance, usually in standard sections that can be easily shipped and assembled.

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Puzhal is a town in Chennai district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

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Qah (قاح, also spelled Kah) is a village in northern Syria, administratively part of the Idlib Governorate, located north of Idlib and just east of the border with Turkey.

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Radio is the technology of using radio waves to carry information, such as sound, by systematically modulating properties of electromagnetic energy waves transmitted through space, such as their amplitude, frequency, phase, or pulse width.

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Ras Ajdir

Ras Ajdir, alternatively Ras Jdir or Ras Ejder (راس اجدير), is a small coastal town on the border between Tunisia and Libya and Libya's most northerly point.

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Rationing is the controlled distribution of scarce resources, goods, or services, or an artificial restriction of demand.

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A refugee, generally speaking, is a displaced person who has been forced to cross national boundaries and who cannot return home safely (for more detail see legal definition).

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Refugee camp

A refugee camp is a temporary settlement built to receive refugees and people in refugee-like situations.

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Refugee children

Nearly half of all refugees are children, and almost one in three children living outside their country of birth is a refugee.

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Refugee Nation

Refugee Nation is a 2015 proposal to create a new nation to voluntarily resettle the world's refugee population to solve crisis.

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Refugee shelter

Refugee shelters are structures ranging from the most temporary tent accommodation through transitional shelter to building permanent houses and settlements and include the most basic kind of ad hoc structure.

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Refugee women

Refugee women face gender-specific challenges in navigating daily life at every stage of their migration experience.

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Refugees of Libya

Refugees of the Libyan Civil War are the people, predominantly Libyans, who fled or were expelled from their homes during the Libyan Civil War, from within the borders of Libya to the neighbouring states of Tunisia, Egypt and Chad, as well as to European countries across the Mediterranean.

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Refugees of the Syrian Civil War

Refugees of the Syrian Civil War or Syrian refugees are citizens and permanent residents of Syrian Arab Republic, who have fled from their country since the onset of the Syrian Civil War in 2011 and have sought asylum in other parts of the world. In 2016, from an estimated pre-war population of 22 million, the United Nations (UN) identified 13.5 million Syrians requiring humanitarian assistance, of which more than 6 million are internally displaced within Syria, and around 5 million are refugees outside of Syria. The vast majority of the latter are hosted by countries neighboring Syria. Among countries of the Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan (3RP), a coordination platform including neighboring countries (with the exception of Israel) and Egypt, the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) counted 5,165,502 registered refugees, as of August 2017. Turkey is the largest host country of registered refugees with over 3.5 million Syrian refugees. The UNHCR counted almost 1 million asylum applicants in Europe, as of August 2017. Humanitarian aid to internally displaced persons (IDPs) within Syria and Syrian refugees in neighbouring countries is planned largely through the UNHCR. By 2016, various nations had made pledges to the UNHCR to permanently resettle 170,000 registered refugees.

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Refugees of the Syrian Civil War in Jordan

Refugees in Jordan rose with the uprising against the Syrian government and its President Bashar al-Assad.

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Rhino Camp Refugee Settlement

Rhino Camp Refugee Settlement is a refugee camp in Arua District in northwestern Uganda.

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Right of asylum

The right of asylum (sometimes called right of political asylum, from the Ancient Greek word ἄσυλον) is an ancient juridical concept, under which a person persecuted by his own country may be protected by another sovereign authority, such as another country or church official, who in medieval times could offer sanctuary.

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Rohingya people

The Rohingya people are a stateless Indo-Aryan-speaking people who reside in Rakhine State, Myanmar (also known as Burma).

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Rwamwanja Refugee Settlement

Rwamwanja Refugee Settlement is a refugee camp in Kamwenge District in southwestern Uganda.

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Rwanda (U Rwanda), officially the Republic of Rwanda (Repubulika y'u Rwanda; République du Rwanda), is a sovereign state in Central and East Africa and one of the smallest countries on the African mainland.

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Sa Kaeo Refugee Camp

Sa Kaeo Refugee Camp (also referred to as Sa Kaeo I or Ban Kaeng) was the first organized refugee relief camp established on the Thai-Cambodian border.

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The Sahel is the ecoclimatic and biogeographic zone of transition in Africa between the Sahara to the north and the Sudanian Savanna to the south.

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Sahrawi refugee camps

The Sahrawi refugee camps in Tindouf, Algeria, are a collection of refugee camps set up in the Tindouf Province, Algeria in 1975-76 for Sahrawi refugees fleeing from Moroccan forces, who advanced through Western Sahara during the Western Sahara War.

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Samos (Σάμος) is a Greek island in the eastern Aegean Sea, south of Chios, north of Patmos and the Dodecanese, and off the coast of Asia Minor, from which it is separated by the -wide Mycale Strait.

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Sangatte is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department on the northern coast of France on the English Channel.

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Sanischare refugee camp

Sanischare refugee camp (Nepali: शनिस्चरे शरणार्थी शिविर; Śaniscare śaraṇārthī śivira), located near Sanischare, Kosi, Nepal, is home to some 13,323 Bhutanese refugees.

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Security checkpoint

Civilian checkpoints or security checkpoints are distinguishable from border or frontier checkpoints in that they are erected and enforced within contiguous areas under military or paramilitary control.

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Sh'erit ha-Pletah

Sh'erit ha-Pletah (lit) is a biblical (Ezra 9:14 and 1 Chronicles 4:43) term used by Jewish refugees who survived the Holocaust to refer to themselves and the communities they formed in postwar Europe following the liberation in the spring of 1945.

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Shamshato Refugee Camp

The Shamshato refugee camp is a large refugee camp 25 kilometers southeast of Peshawar, Pakistan.

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Site Two Refugee Camp

Site Two Refugee Camp (also known as Site II or Site 2) was the largest refugee camp on the Thai-Cambodian border and, for several years, the largest refugee camp in Southeast Asia.

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Somalia (Soomaaliya; aṣ-Ṣūmāl), officially the Federal Republic of SomaliaThe Federal Republic of Somalia is the country's name per Article 1 of the.

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Somatic symptom disorder

A somatic symptom disorder, formerly known as a somatoform disorder,(2013) " " dsm5.org.

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South Sudan

South Sudan, officially known as the Republic of South Sudan, is a landlocked country in East-Central Africa.

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Squatting is the action of occupying an abandoned or unoccupied area of land or a building, usually residential, that the squatter does not own, rent or otherwise have lawful permission to use.

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Sri Lankan Tamils

Sri Lankan Tamils (also) or Ceylon Tamils, also known as Eelam Tamils in Tamil, are members of the Tamil ethnic group native to the South Asian island state of Sri Lanka.

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The Sudan or Sudan (السودان as-Sūdān) also known as North Sudan since South Sudan's independence and officially the Republic of the Sudan (جمهورية السودان Jumhūriyyat as-Sūdān), is a country in Northeast Africa.

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Sudanese refugees in Chad

By January 2011 the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) estimated that there are 262,900 Sudanese refugees in Chad.

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Sulaymaniyah (Iraqi:السليمانية, as-Sulaymāniyyah), also called Slemani, is a city in Iraqi Kurdistan.

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Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.

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Syria (سوريا), officially known as the Syrian Arab Republic (الجمهورية العربية السورية), is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest.

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Syrian Civil War

The Syrian Civil War (الحرب الأهلية السورية, Al-ḥarb al-ʼahliyyah as-sūriyyah) is an ongoing multi-sided armed conflict in Syria fought primarily between the Ba'athist Syrian Arab Republic led by President Bashar al-Assad, along with its allies, and various forces opposing both the government and each other in varying combinations.

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Syrian refugee camps

Syrian refugee camps and shelters are temporary settlements built to receive internally displaced people and refugees of the Syrian Civil War.

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Tamil Nadu

Tamil Nadu (• tamiḻ nāḍu ? literally 'The Land of Tamils' or 'Tamil Country') is one of the 29 states of India.

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Tap (valve)

A tap (also spigot or faucet: see usage variations) is a valve controlling the release of a liquid or gas.

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A tarpaulin, or tarp, is a large sheet of strong, flexible, water-resistant or waterproof material, often cloth such as canvas or polyester coated with polyurethane, or made of plastics such as polyethylene.

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A tent is a shelter consisting of sheets of fabric or other material draped over, attached to a frame of poles or attached to a supporting rope.

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Tent city

A tent city is a temporary housing facility made using tents or other temporary structures.

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The Guardian

The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.

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Third country resettlement

Third country resettlement or refugee resettlement is, according to the UNHCR, one of three durable solutions (voluntary repatriation and local integration being the other two) for refugees who fled their home country.

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Timai refugee camp

Timai refugee camp (Nepali: टिमाइ शरणार्थी शिविर; Timāi śaraṇārthī śivira), located in Jhapa District, Nepal, was home to more than 14,000 Bhutanese refugees.

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Timeline of the European migrant crisis

This is a timeline of notable events related to the European migrant crisis.

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Timișoara (Temeswar, also formerly Temeschburg or Temeschwar; Temesvár,; טעמשוואר; Темишвар / Temišvar; Banat Bulgarian: Timišvár; Temeşvar; Temešvár) is the capital city of Timiș County, and the main social, economic and cultural centre in western Romania.

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Tindouf (Berber: Tinduf, تندوف) is the main town, and a commune in Tindouf Province, Algeria, close to the Mauritanian, Western Saharan and Moroccan borders.The commune has population of around 160,000 but the census and population estimates do not count the Sahrawi refugees making the population as of the 2008 census 45,966, up from 25,266 in 1998, and an annual population growth rate of 6.3%.

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A toilet is a piece of hardware used for the collection or disposal of human urine and feces.

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Tongogara Refugee Camp

Tongogara Refugee Camp is a refugee camp located near Chipinge, Zimbabwe, about 420 km southeast of Harare.

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Torbat-e Jam (refugee camp)

Torbat-e Jam is an Afghan refugee camp in eastern Iran, established around 1998.

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Traiskirchen is a town in the district of Baden in Lower Austria in Austria.

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Transitional shelter

Transitional shelter is any of a range of shelter options that help people affected by conflict or natural disasters who have lost or abandoned their housing until they can return to or recover acceptable permanent accommodation.

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Tuareg people

The Tuareg people (also spelt Twareg or Touareg; endonym: Kel Tamasheq, Kel Tagelmust) are a large Berber ethnic confederation.

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Tunisia (تونس; Berber: Tunes, ⵜⵓⵏⴻⵙ; Tunisie), officially the Republic of Tunisia, (الجمهورية التونسية) is a sovereign state in Northwest Africa, covering. Its northernmost point, Cape Angela, is the northernmost point on the African continent. It is bordered by Algeria to the west and southwest, Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east. Tunisia's population was estimated to be just under 11.93 million in 2016. Tunisia's name is derived from its capital city, Tunis, which is located on its northeast coast. Geographically, Tunisia contains the eastern end of the Atlas Mountains, and the northern reaches of the Sahara desert. Much of the rest of the country's land is fertile soil. Its of coastline include the African conjunction of the western and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Basin and, by means of the Sicilian Strait and Sardinian Channel, feature the African mainland's second and third nearest points to Europe after Gibraltar. Tunisia is a unitary semi-presidential representative democratic republic. It is considered to be the only full democracy in the Arab World. It has a high human development index. It has an association agreement with the European Union; is a member of La Francophonie, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Arab Maghreb Union, the Arab League, the OIC, the Greater Arab Free Trade Area, the Community of Sahel-Saharan States, the African Union, the Non-Aligned Movement, the Group of 77; and has obtained the status of major non-NATO ally of the United States. In addition, Tunisia is also a member state of the United Nations and a state party to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. Close relations with Europe in particular with France and with Italy have been forged through economic cooperation, privatisation and industrial modernization. In ancient times, Tunisia was primarily inhabited by Berbers. Phoenician immigration began in the 12th century BC; these immigrants founded Carthage. A major mercantile power and a military rival of the Roman Republic, Carthage was defeated by the Romans in 146 BC. The Romans, who would occupy Tunisia for most of the next eight hundred years, introduced Christianity and left architectural legacies like the El Djem amphitheater. After several attempts starting in 647, the Muslims conquered the whole of Tunisia by 697, followed by the Ottoman Empire between 1534 and 1574. The Ottomans held sway for over three hundred years. The French colonization of Tunisia occurred in 1881. Tunisia gained independence with Habib Bourguiba and declared the Tunisian Republic in 1957. In 2011, the Tunisian Revolution resulted in the overthrow of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, followed by parliamentary elections. The country voted for parliament again on 26 October 2014, and for President on 23 November 2014.

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Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.

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Unisex refers to things that are not gender-specific, being suitable for any gender.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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United Nations

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.

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United Nations Border Relief Operation

The United Nations Border Relief Operation (UNBRO) was a donor-nation funded relief effort for Cambodian refugees and others affected by years of warfare along the Thai-Cambodian border.

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United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is a United Nations programme with the mandate to protect refugees, forcibly displaced communities and stateless people, and assist in their voluntary repatriation, local integration or resettlement to a third country.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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Created in December 1949, the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) is a relief and human development agency which supports more than 5 million registered Palestinian refugees, and their descendants, who fled or were expelled from their homes during the 1948 Palestine war as well as those who fled or were expelled during and following the 1967 Six Day war.

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Vietnamese boat people

Vietnamese boat people (Thuyền nhân Việt Nam), also known simply as boat people, were refugees who fled Vietnam by boat and ship following the end of the Vietnam War in 1975.

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Viral hepatitis

Viral hepatitis is liver inflammation due to a viral infection.

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Voluntary return

Voluntary return or voluntary repatriation is usually the return of an illegal immigrant or over-stayer, a rejected asylum seeker, a refugee or displaced person, an unaccompanied minor, and sometimes a second-generation immigrant, who is unable or unwilling to remain in the host country and who volunteers to return to their country of origin, or that of their ancestors.

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Vrela Ribnička

Vrela Ribnička is a neighbourhood in Podgorica that borders the neighbourhoods of Kakaricka Gora, Masline, Ribnica and Stari Aerodrom.

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Washing is a method of cleaning, usually with water and often some kind of soap or detergent.

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World Food Programme

The World Food Programme (WFP) is the food-assistance branch of the United Nations and the world's largest humanitarian organization addressing hunger and promoting food security.

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Wu Kai Sha

Wu Kai Sha, formerly known as Wu Kwai Sha or U Kwai Sha, is a place at the shore of Tolo Harbour, northwest of Ma On Shan in the New Territories, Hong Kong.

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Yarmouk Camp

Yarmouk Camp (مخيم اليرموك) is a district of the city of Damascus, populated by Palestinians, with hospitals and schools.

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Yemen (al-Yaman), officially known as the Republic of Yemen (al-Jumhūriyyah al-Yamaniyyah), is an Arab sovereign state in Western Asia at the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula.

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Yugoslav Wars

The Yugoslav Wars were a series of ethnic conflicts, wars of independence and insurgencies fought from 1991 to 1999/2001 in the former Yugoslavia.

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Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija/Југославија; Jugoslavija; Југославија; Pannonian Rusyn: Югославия, transcr. Juhoslavija)Jugosllavia; Jugoszlávia; Juhoslávia; Iugoslavia; Jugoslávie; Iugoslavia; Yugoslavya; Югославия, transcr. Jugoslavija.

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Zaatari refugee camp

Zaatari (Arabic: مخيم الزعتري) is a refugee camp in Jordan, located east of Mafraq, which is gradually evolving into a permanent settlement.

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Zambia, officially the Republic of Zambia, is a landlocked country in south-central Africa, (although some sources prefer to consider it part of the region of east Africa) neighbouring the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Namibia to the south, and Angola to the west.

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Redirects here:

Displaced persons camp, Refugee camps.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Refugee_camp

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