214 relations: 'Ndrangheta, Accademia di belle arti di Reggio Calabria, Achaeans (tribe), Aeolian Islands, Aigaleo, Anaxilas, Ancient Greece, Ancient Greek sculpture, Ancient Rome, Antonello da Messina, Antonio Imerti, Antonio Strati, Apollo, Appian Way, Arabs, Arecaceae, Aspromonte, Aspromonte National Park, Athens, Augustus, Ausones, Australia, Autostrada A2 (Italy), Bagnara Calabra, Barbary pirates, BC, Bergamot orange, Black-figure pottery, Bovesia, Byzantine architecture, Byzantine art, Byzantine Empire, Calabria, Calabrian Greek, Calligraphy, Capetian House of Anjou, Capua, Catanzaro, Catona, Cesana Torinese, Chalcis, City of Fairfield, Clearchus of Rhegium, Comune, County of Apulia and Calabria, Craufurd Tait Ramage, Cronyism, Crown of Aragon, Cumae, D. H. Lawrence, ..., De Stefano 'ndrina, Democratic Party (Italy), Diego Carpitella, Dionysius II of Syracuse, Domenico Spanò Bolani, Domingo F. Periconi, Donatella Versace, Edward Lear, Eighth Army (United Kingdom), Elizabeth Strutt, Emilia-Romagna, Emirate of Sicily, Eric Whelpton, Erica arborea, Fascism, Fata Morgana (mirage), Fiumara, Francesco Cilea, Francis II of the Two Sicilies, Frazione, Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, Gabriele D'Annunzio, Gaetano Catanoso, Gianni Versace, Giovanni Tegano, Giuseppe Falcomatà, Giuseppe Filianoti, Giuseppe Garibaldi, Goffredo Zehender, Gothic Revival architecture, Goths, Hayreddin Barbarossa, Hebrew language, Henry Swinburne, Hohenstaufen, House of Bourbon, House of Habsburg, Ibycus, International Air Transport Association, International Civil Aviation Organization, Italian Peninsula, Italian Social Movement, Italian unification, Italo Falcomatà, Italo-Norman, Italus, Italy, Joachim Murat, Jules Destrée, Köppen climate classification, Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, La Giudecca, La Movida Madrileña, Languages of Calabria, Leopoldo Trieste, Ligures, List of 'ndrine, List of ancient peoples of Italy, List of mayors of Reggio Calabria, Locri, Lombards, Loredana Bertè, Luca Giordano, Luigi Malice, Mafia, Magna Graecia, Magnolia, Mamertines, Mammola, Manchester University Press, Marcello Piacentini, Marina Ripa di Meana, Mattia Preti, Mediterranea University of Reggio Calabria, Mediterranean climate, Messina, Metropolitan cities of Italy, Metropolitan City of Reggio Calabria, Mia Martini, Mino Reitano, Mint (facility), Montesilvano, Mount Etna, Museo Nazionale della Magna Grecia, Mycenaean Greece, Naples, Napoleon, Neo-fascism, Neoclassical architecture, Nicola Calipari, Nik Spatari, Norman architecture, Norman Douglas, Normans, Nuccio Schepis, Oenotrians, Open space reserve, Operation Baytown, Oppido Mamertina, Osci, Ottoman Empire, Oxford University Press, Palmi, Pasquale Condello, Patras, Paul the Apostle, Pellaro, Peloponnesian War, Phoenicia, Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Pizzo (mafia), Pope Agatho, Port of Reggio, Printing, Proclus of Rhegium, Pythagoras (sculptor), Pythagoreanism, Raffaele Piria, Rashi, Reggio Calabria Airport, Reggio di Calabria Centrale railway station, Reggio revolt, Republic, Riace bronzes, Robert Guiscard, Roger I of Sicily, Roghudi, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Reggio Calabria-Bova, Roman Empire, Russian culture, Samos, Sanitary sewer, Santo Versace, Scilla, Calabria, Servizio Meteorologico, Sicels, Sicilian Vespers, Sicily, Silk, Sister city, Southern Italy, St. Jerome and Abraham panels (Antonello da Messina), Stendhal, Stilo, Strait of Messina, Syracuse, Sicily, Taranto, Theagenes of Rhegium, Tito Minniti, Tommaso Campanella, Torah, Tourist attraction, Tripoli, Troy, Tsunami, Umberto Boccioni, Urbs Reggina 1914, Vandals, Venetian Gothic architecture, Venice Biennale, Via Popilia, Zaha Hadid, 1783 Calabrian earthquakes, 1908 Messina earthquake. Expand index (164 more) » « Shrink index
The 'Ndràngheta is an organized crime group centered in Calabria, Italy.
The Accademia di belle arti di Reggio Calabria is an academy of fine arts located in Reggio Calabria, Italy.
The Achaeans (Ἀχαιοί, Akhaioi) were one of the four major tribes into which the people of Classical Greece divided themselves (along with the Aeolians, Ionians and Dorians).
The Aeolian Islands (Isole Eolie,, Ìsuli Eoli, Αιολίδες Νήσοι, Aiolides Nisoi) are a volcanic archipelago in the Tyrrhenian Sea north of Sicily, named after the demigod of the winds Aeolus.
Aigaleo or Egaleo (Αιγάλεω) is a municipality in the western part of the Athens agglomeration, Greece.
Anaxilas or Anaxilaus (Ἀναξίλας, Ἀναξίλαος), son of Cretines, was a tyrant of Rhegium (modern Reggio Calabria).
Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).
Ancient Greek sculpture is the sculpture of ancient Greece.
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
Antonello da Messina, properly Antonello di Giovanni di Antonio, but also called Antonello degli Antoni and Anglicized as Anthony of Messina (1430February 1479), was an Italian painter from Messina, Sicily, active during the Italian Renaissance.
Antonio Imerti (Villa San Giovanni, August 22, 1946), also known as "Nanu feroce" ("fierce dwarf"), is an Italian criminal and a member of the 'Ndrangheta, the Calabrian mafia.
Antonio Strati (born 1949) is an Italian organizational theorist, artist and Professor at the University of Trento, particularly known for his work on "Organization and aesthetics".
Apollo (Attic, Ionic, and Homeric Greek: Ἀπόλλων, Apollōn (Ἀπόλλωνος); Doric: Ἀπέλλων, Apellōn; Arcadocypriot: Ἀπείλων, Apeilōn; Aeolic: Ἄπλουν, Aploun; Apollō) is one of the most important and complex of the Olympian deities in classical Greek and Roman religion and Greek and Roman mythology.
The Appian Way (Latin and Italian: Via Appia) is one of the earliest and strategically most important Roman roads of the ancient republic.
Arabs (عَرَب ISO 233, Arabic pronunciation) are a population inhabiting the Arab world.
The Arecaceae are a botanical family of perennial trees, climbers, shrubs, and acaules commonly known as palm trees (owing to historical usage, the family is alternatively called Palmae).
The Aspromonte is a mountain massif in the province of Reggio Calabria (Calabria, southern Italy).
Aspromonte National Park is situated in the southern section of the Apennines, in Calabria, Italy.
Athens (Αθήνα, Athína; Ἀθῆναι, Athênai) is the capital and largest city of Greece.
Augustus (Augustus; 23 September 63 BC – 19 August 14 AD) was a Roman statesman and military leader who was the first Emperor of the Roman Empire, controlling Imperial Rome from 27 BC until his death in AD 14.
"Ausones", the original Greek form for the Latin "Aurunci," was a name applied by Greek writers to describe various Italic peoples inhabiting the southern and central regions of Italy.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
Autostrada A2, otherwise known as the Autostrada del Mediterraneo ("Mediterranean Motorway"), is a 432-km-long Italian motorway in the south of Italy.
Bagnara Calabra (or simply Bagnara) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Reggio Calabria in Calabria, southern Italy.
The Barbary pirates, sometimes called Barbary corsairs or Ottoman corsairs, were Ottoman pirates and privateers who operated from North Africa, based primarily in the ports of Salé, Rabat, Algiers, Tunis, and Tripoli.
BC may refer to.
Citrus bergamia, the bergamot orange (pronounced), is a fragrant citrus fruit the size of an orange, with a yellow or green color similar to a lime, depending on ripeness.
Black-figure pottery painting, also known as the black-figure style or black-figure ceramic (Greek, μελανόμορφα, melanomorpha) is one of the styles of painting on antique Greek vases.
Bovesia, otherwise known as Grecìa Calabra (Calabrian Greece), is one of the two remaining Griko-speaking areas in southern Italy, the other being Grecìa Salentina.
Byzantine architecture is the architecture of the Byzantine Empire, also known as the Later Roman or Eastern Roman Empire.
Byzantine art is the name for the artistic products of the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire, as well as the nations and states that inherited culturally from the empire.
The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, which had been founded as Byzantium).
Calabria (Calàbbria in Calabrian; Calavría in Calabrian Greek; Καλαβρία in Greek; Kalavrì in Arbëresh/Albanian), known in antiquity as Bruttium, is a region in Southern Italy.
The Calabrian dialect of Greek, or Grecanic, is the variety of Italiot Greek used by the ethnic Griko people in Calabria, as opposed to the Italiot Greek dialect spoken in the Grecìa Salentina.
Calligraphy (from Greek: καλλιγραφία) is a visual art related to writing.
The Capetian House of Anjou was a royal house and cadet branch of the direct French House of Capet, part of the Capetian dynasty.
Capua is a city and comune in the province of Caserta, Campania, southern Italy, situated north of Naples, on the northeastern edge of the Campanian plain.
Catanzaro (Catanzarese: Catanzaru;, or Κατασταρίοι Λοκροί, Katastarioi Lokroi; Catacium), also known as the city of the two seas, is an Italian city of 91,000 inhabitants (2013) and the capital of the Calabria region and of its province.
Catona (in the local dialect A Catùna) is an urban district (independent municipality until 1927) of Reggio Calabria, Italy, as part of the 8th district with neighborhoods Salice, Villa San Giuseppe and Rosalì.
Cesana Torinese (French Césanne) is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Turin in the Italian region Piedmont, located about west of Turin, on the border with France.
Chalcis (Ancient Greek & Katharevousa: Χαλκίς, Chalkís) or Chalkida (Modern Χαλκίδα) is the chief town of the island of Euboea in Greece, situated on the Euripus Strait at its narrowest point.
The City of Fairfield is a local government area in the south-west of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia.
Clearchus or Clearch (Κλέαρχος, Klearkhos) was a sculptor in bronze at Rhegium (modern Reggio Calabria).
The comune (plural: comuni) is a basic administrative division in Italy, roughly equivalent to a township or municipality.
The County of Apulia and Calabria, later the Duchy of Apulia and Calabria, was a Norman country founded by William of Hauteville in 1042 in the territories of Gargano, Capitanata, Apulia, Campania, and Vulture.
Craufurd Tait Ramage (1803–1878) was a Scottish travel writer and anthologist.
Cronyism is the practice of partiality in awarding jobs and other advantages to friends, family relatives or trusted colleagues, especially in politics and between politicians and supportive organizations.
The Crown of Aragon (Corona d'Aragón, Corona d'Aragó, Corona de Aragón),Corona d'AragónCorona AragonumCorona de Aragón) also referred by some modern historians as Catalanoaragonese Crown (Corona catalanoaragonesa) or Catalan-Aragonese Confederation (Confederació catalanoaragonesa) was a composite monarchy, also nowadays referred to as a confederation of individual polities or kingdoms ruled by one king, with a personal and dynastic union of the Kingdom of Aragon and the County of Barcelona. At the height of its power in the 14th and 15th centuries, the Crown of Aragon was a thalassocracy (a state with primarily maritime realms) controlling a large portion of present-day eastern Spain, parts of what is now southern France, and a Mediterranean "empire" which included the Balearic Islands, Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta, Southern Italy (from 1442) and parts of Greece (until 1388). The component realms of the Crown were not united politically except at the level of the king, who ruled over each autonomous polity according to its own laws, raising funds under each tax structure, dealing separately with each Corts or Cortes. Put in contemporary terms, it has sometimes been considered that the different lands of the Crown of Aragon (mainly the Kingdom of Aragon, the Principality of Catalonia and the Kingdom of Valencia) functioned more as a confederation than as a single kingdom. In this sense, the larger Crown of Aragon must not be confused with one of its constituent parts, the Kingdom of Aragon, from which it takes its name. In 1469, a new dynastic familial union of the Crown of Aragon with the Crown of Castile by the Catholic Monarchs, joining what contemporaries referred to as "the Spains" led to what would become the Kingdom of Spain under King Philip II. The Crown existed until it was abolished by the Nueva Planta decrees issued by King Philip V in 1716 as a consequence of the defeat of Archduke Charles (as Charles III of Aragon) in the War of the Spanish Succession.
Cumae ((Kumē) or Κύμαι or Κύμα; Cuma) was an ancient city of Magna Graecia on the coast of the Tyrrhenian Sea.
Herman Melville, Friedrich Nietzsche, Arthur Schopenhauer, Lev Shestov, Walt Whitman | influenced.
The De Stefano 'ndrina, or the De Stefano family, is one of the most powerful clans of the 'Ndrangheta, a criminal and mafia-type organisation in Calabria, Italy.
The Democratic Party (Partito Democratico, PD) is a social-democratic political party in Italy.
Diego Carpitella (Reggio di Calabria, 1924-Rome, 1990) was an Italian professor of ethnomusicology at D'Annunzio University of Chieti–Pescara and La Sapienza University in Rome.
Dionysius the Younger (Διονύσιος ὁ Νεώτερος, 343 BC), or Dionysius II, was a Greek politician who ruled Syracuse, Sicily from 367 BC to 357 BC and again from 346 BC to 344 BC.
Domenico Spanò Bolani (Reggio di Calabria, 12 April 1815 – 29 June 1890) was an Italian politician and historian, author of a book concerning the history of Reggio from ancient times (15th century BC) to 1797 AD.
Domingo Francisco Mario Periconi (born January 22, 1883 in Reggio Calabria, Italy) was an artist.
Donatella Francesca Versace (born 2 May 1955) is an Italian fashion designer and current vice president of the Versace Group, as well as its chief designer.
Edward Lear (12 May 1812 – 29 January 1888) was an English artist, illustrator, musician, author and poet, and is known now mostly for his literary nonsense in poetry and prose and especially his limericks, a form he popularised.
The Eighth Army was a field army formation of the British Army during the Second World War, fighting in the North African and Italian campaigns.
Elizabeth Strutt (1782–1867; fl. 1805–1863), also or previously known as Elizabeth Byron, was an English writer and traveller.
Emilia-Romagna (Emilian and Emélia-Rumâgna) is an administrative Region of Northeast Italy comprising the historical regions of Emilia and Romagna.
The Emirate of Sicily (إِمَارَةُ صِقِلِّيَة) was an emirate on the island of Sicily which existed from 831 to 1091.
(George) Eric Whelpton (1894–1981) was the son of the Revd George Whelpton, minister of Trinity Methodist Church, Abingdon, Berkshire.
Erica arborea (tree heath) is a species of flowering plant (angiosperms) in the heather family, Ericaceae.
Fascism is a form of radical authoritarian ultranationalism, characterized by dictatorial power, forcible suppression of opposition and control of industry and commerce, which came to prominence in early 20th-century Europe.
A Fata Morgana is an unusual and complex form of superior mirage that is seen in a narrow band right above the horizon.
Fiumara (Reggino: Sciumara 'i Muru) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Reggio Calabria in the Italian region Calabria, located about southwest of Catanzaro and about northeast of Reggio Calabria.
Francesco Cilea (also Cilèa; Palmi, 23 July 1866 – Varazze, 20 November 1950) was an Italian composer.
Francis II (Francesco II, christened Francesco d'Assisi Maria Leopoldo, 16 January 1836 – 27 December 1894) was King of the Two Sicilies from 1859 to 1861.
"Frazione" (pl. frazioni) is the Italian name given in administrative law to a type of territorial subdivision of a comune; for other administrative divisions, see municipio, circoscrizione, quartiere.
Frederick II (26 December 1194 – 13 December 1250; Fidiricu, Federico, Friedrich) was King of Sicily from 1198, King of Germany from 1212, King of Italy and Holy Roman Emperor from 1220 and King of Jerusalem from 1225.
General Gabriele D'Annunzio, Prince of Montenevoso, Duke of Gallese (12 March 1863 – 1 March 1938), sometimes spelled d'Annunzio, was an Italian writer, poet, journalist, playwright and soldier during World War I. He occupied a prominent place in Italian literature from 1889 to 1910 and later political life from 1914 to 1924.
Saint Gaetano Catanoso (14 February 1879 - 4 April 1963) was an Italian Roman Catholic priest and the founder of the Suore Veroniche del Santo Volto (1934).
Giovanni Maria "Gianni" Versace (2 December 1946 – 15 July 1997) was an Italian fashion designer and founder of Versace, an international fashion house that produces accessories, fragrances, make-up, home furnishings, and clothes.
Giovanni Tegano (born 8 November 1939, in Reggio Calabria) is an Italian criminal and a member of the 'Ndrangheta, the Calabrian mafia.
Giuseppe Falcomatà (born September 18, 1983 in Reggio Calabria) is a lawyer and an Italian politician.
Giuseppe Filianoti (born 11 January 1974) is an Italian lyric tenor from Reggio Calabria.
Giuseppe Garibaldi; 4 July 1807 – 2 June 1882) was an Italian general, politician and nationalist. He is considered one of the greatest generals of modern times and one of Italy's "fathers of the fatherland" along with Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour, Victor Emmanuel II of Italy and Giuseppe Mazzini. Garibaldi has been called the "Hero of the Two Worlds" because of his military enterprises in Brazil, Uruguay and Europe. He personally commanded and fought in many military campaigns that led eventually to the Italian unification. Garibaldi was appointed general by the provisional government of Milan in 1848, General of the Roman Republic in 1849 by the Minister of War, and led the Expedition of the Thousand on behalf and with the consent of Victor Emmanuel II. His last military campaign took place during the Franco-Prussian War as commander of the Army of the Vosges. Garibaldi was very popular in Italy and abroad, aided by exceptional international media coverage at the time. Many of the greatest intellectuals of his time, such as Victor Hugo, Alexandre Dumas, and George Sand, showered him with admiration. The United Kingdom and the United States helped him a great deal, offering him financial and military support in difficult circumstances. In the popular telling of his story, he is associated with the red shirts worn by his volunteers, the Garibaldini, in lieu of a uniform.
Goffredo 'Freddie' Zehender (Reggio Calabria, Italy, 27 February 1901 - 7 January 1958) was an Italian racing driver.
Gothic Revival (also referred to as Victorian Gothic or neo-Gothic) is an architectural movement that began in the late 1740s in England.
The Goths (Gut-þiuda; Gothi) were an East Germanic people, two of whose branches, the Visigoths and the Ostrogoths, played an important role in the fall of the Western Roman Empire through the long series of Gothic Wars and in the emergence of Medieval Europe.
Hayreddin Barbarossa (Arabic: Khayr ad-Din Barbarus خير الدين بربروس), (Ariadenus Barbarussa), or Barbarossa Hayreddin Pasha (Barbaros Hayreddin (Hayrettin) Paşa or Hızır Hayreddin (Hayrettin) Paşa; also Hızır Reis before being promoted to the rank of Pasha and becoming the Kapudan Pasha), born Khizr or Khidr (Turkish: Hızır; c. 1478 – 4 July 1546), was an Ottoman admiral of the fleet who was born on the island of Lesbos and died in Constantinople, the Ottoman capital.
Henry Swinburne (1743–1803) was an English travel writer.
The Staufer, also known as the House of Staufen, or of Hohenstaufen, were a dynasty of German kings (1138–1254) during the Middle Ages.
The House of Bourbon is a European royal house of French origin, a branch of the Capetian dynasty.
The House of Habsburg (traditionally spelled Hapsburg in English), also called House of Austria was one of the most influential and distinguished royal houses of Europe.
Ibycus (Ἴβυκος; fl. 2nd half of 6th century BC) was an Ancient Greek lyric poet, a citizen of Rhegium in Magna Graecia, probably active at Samos during the reign of the tyrant Polycrates and numbered by the scholars of Hellenistic Alexandria in the canonical list of nine lyric poets.
The International Air Transport Association (IATA) is a trade association of the world’s airlines.
The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO Organisation de l'aviation civile internationale, OACI), is a specialized agency of the United Nations.
The Italian Peninsula or Apennine Peninsula (Penisola italiana, Penisola appenninica) extends from the Po Valley in the north to the central Mediterranean Sea in the south.
The Italian Social Movement (MSI), later the Italian Social Movement – National Right (Movimento Sociale Italiano – Destra Nazionale, MSI–DN), was a neo-fascist and post-fascist political party in Italy.
Italian unification (Unità d'Italia), or the Risorgimento (meaning "the Resurgence" or "revival"), was the political and social movement that consolidated different states of the Italian peninsula into the single state of the Kingdom of Italy in the 19th century.
Italo Falcomatà (Reggio di Calabria, 1943-2001) was an Italian politician and school and university teacher.
The Italo-Normans, or Siculo-Normans when referring to Sicily and Southern Italy, are the Italian-born descendants of the first Norman conquerors to travel to southern Italy in the first half of the eleventh century.
Italus or Italos (from) was a legendary king of the Oenotrians, who were among the earliest inhabitants of Italy.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Joachim-Napoléon Murat (born Joachim Murat; Gioacchino Napoleone Murat; Joachim-Napoleon Murat; 25 March 1767 – 13 October 1815) was a Marshal of France and Admiral of France under the reign of Napoleon.
Jules Destrée (Marcinelle, 21 August 1863 – Brussels, 3 January 1936) was a Walloon lawyer, cultural critic and socialist politician.
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
The Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (Regno dê Doje Sicilie, Regnu dî Dui Sicili, Regno delle Due Sicilie) was the largest of the states of Italy before the Italian unification.
La Giudecca was a term used In Southern Italy and Sicily to identify any urban district (or a portion of a village) where Jewish communities dwelled and had their synagogues and businesses.
La Movida Madrileña (The Madrid Scene) was a countercultural movement that took place mainly in Madrid during the Spanish transition after Francisco Franco's death in 1975.
The primary languages of Calabria are the standard Italian language as well as regional varieties of the Neapolitan and Sicilian languages, all collectively known as Calabrian (Italian: calabrese).
Leopoldo Trieste (3 May 1917 in Reggio Calabria – 25 January 2003 in Rome) was an Italian actor, film director and script writer.
The Ligures (singular Ligus or Ligur; English: Ligurians, Greek: Λίγυες) were an ancient Indo-European people who appear to have originated in, and gave their name to, Liguria, a region of north-western Italy.
The 'ndrina (plural: 'ndrine) is the basic unit in the 'Ndrangheta, a criminal organization from Calabria.
This list of ancient peoples living in Italy summarises groupings existing before the Roman expansion and conquest.
This is a list of mayors of Reggio Calabria.
Locri is a town and comune (municipality) in the province of Reggio Calabria, Calabria, southern Italy.
The Lombards or Longobards (Langobardi, Longobardi, Longobard (Western)) were a Germanic people who ruled most of the Italian Peninsula from 568 to 774.
Loredana Bertè (born 20 September 1950) is an Italian singer.
Luca Giordano (18 October 1634 – 12 January 1705) was an Italian late Baroque painter and printmaker in etching.
Luigi Malice (born 1937, Naples, Italy) is an Italian abstract artist.
A mafia is a type of organized crime syndicate whose primary activities are protection racketeering, the arbitration of disputes between criminals, and the organizing and oversight of illegal agreements and transactions.
Magna Graecia (Latin meaning "Great Greece", Μεγάλη Ἑλλάς, Megálē Hellás, Magna Grecia) was the name given by the Romans to the coastal areas of Southern Italy in the present-day regions of Campania, Apulia, Basilicata, Calabria and Sicily that were extensively populated by Greek settlers; particularly the Achaean settlements of Croton, and Sybaris, and to the north, the settlements of Cumae and Neapolis.
Magnolia is a large genus of about 210The number of species in the genus Magnolia depends on the taxonomic view that one takes up.
The Mamertines (Mamertini, "sons of Mars") were mercenaries of Italian origin who had been hired from their home in Campania by Agathocles (361 – 289 BC), Tyrant of Syracuse and self-proclaimed King of Sicily.
Mammola is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Reggio Calabria in the Italian region Calabria, located about southwest of Catanzaro and about northeast of Reggio Calabria.
Manchester University Press is the university press of the University of Manchester, England and a publisher of academic books and journals.
Marcello Piacentini (December 8, 1881 – May 19, 1960) was an Italian urban theorist and one of the main proponents of Italian Fascist architecture.
Marina Ripa di Meana (born Maria Elide Punturieri and previously known as Marina Lante della Rovere; 21 October 1941 – 5 January 2018) was an Italian writer, actress, director, stylist, activist and TV personality.
Mattia Preti (24 February 1613 – 3 January 1699) was an Italian Baroque artist who worked in Italy and Malta.
Mediterranea University of Reggio Calabria (Università degli Studi Mediterranea di Reggio Calabria), also referred to as Mediterranea University or University of Reggio Calabria, or simply UNIRC, is an Italian public research university, located in Reggio Calabria, Italy.
A Mediterranean climate or dry summer climate is characterized by rainy winters and dry summers.
Messina (Sicilian: Missina; Messana, Μεσσήνη) is the capital of the Italian Metropolitan City of Messina.
The metropolitan city (città metropolitana in Italian) is an administrative division of Italy, operative since 2015.
The Metropolitan City of Reggio Calabria (Città Metropolitana di Reggio Calabria) is a future metropolitan city in the Calabria region of southern Italy.
Mia Martini (born Domenica Bertè; 20 September 1947 – 12 May 1995) was an Italian singer.
Mino Reitano (December 7, 1944 – January 27, 2009) was an Italian singer and actor.
A mint is an industrial facility which manufactures coins that can be used in currency.
Montesilvano is a town and comune of the province of Pescara in the Abruzzo region of Italy.
Mount Etna, or Etna (Etna or Mongibello; Mungibeddu or â Muntagna; Aetna), is an active stratovolcano on the east coast of Sicily, Italy, in the Metropolitan City of Catania, between the cities of Messina and Catania.
The Museo Nazionale della Magna Grecia (National Museum of Magna Græcia), Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Reggio Calabria (National Archaeological Museum of Reggio Calabria) or Palazzo Piacentini is a museum in Reggio Calabria, southern Italy, housing an archaeological collection from sites in Magna Graecia.
Mycenaean Greece (or Mycenaean civilization) was the last phase of the Bronze Age in Ancient Greece, spanning the period from approximately 1600–1100 BC.
Naples (Napoli, Napule or; Neapolis; lit) is the regional capital of Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy after Rome and Milan.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
Neo-fascism is a post–World War II ideology that includes significant elements of fascism.
Neoclassical architecture is an architectural style produced by the neoclassical movement that began in the mid-18th century.
Nicola Calipari (June 23, 1953March 4, 2005) was an Italian major general and SISMI military intelligence officer.
Nicodemo "Nik" Spatari (born Mammola, 1929) is an Italian painter, sculptor, architect and art scholar.
The term Norman architecture is used to categorise styles of Romanesque architecture developed by the Normans in the various lands under their dominion or influence in the 11th and 12th centuries.
George Norman Douglas (8 December 1868 – 7 February 1952) was a British writer, now best known for his 1917 novel South Wind.
The Normans (Norman: Normaunds; Normands; Normanni) were the people who, in the 10th and 11th centuries, gave their name to Normandy, a region in France.
Cosimo Giorgio Schepis, also known as Nuccio Schepis, (born April 23, 1955) is an Italian artist, sculptor, and art restorer.
The Oenotrians ("tribe led by Oenotrus" or "people from the land of vines - Οἰνωτρία") were an ancient people of uncertain origin who inhabited a territory from Paestum to southern Calabria in southern Italy.
An open space reserve (also called open space preserve, open space reservation, and green space) is an area of protected or conserved land or water on which development is indefinitely set aside.
Operation Baytown was an Allied amphibious landing on the mainland of Italy that took place on 3 September 1943, part of the Allied invasion of Italy, itself part of the Italian Campaign, during the Second World War.
Oppido Mamertina (Greek-Calabrian dialect: Oppidù, Ofidus) is a town and comune of the province of Reggio Calabria in Calabria in southern Italy at about northeast of Reggio Calabria and about southwest of Catanzaro.
The Osci (also called Opici, Opsci, Obsci, Opicans, Ὀπικοί, Ὀσκοί), were an Italic people of Campania and Latium adiectum during Roman times.
The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
Palmi (Reggino: Pàrmi, Palmae) is a comune (municipality) of about 19,303 inhabitants in the province of Reggio Calabria in Calabria.
Pasquale Condello (born 24 September 1950) is an Italian criminal known as a member of the 'Ndrangheta.
Patras (Πάτρα, Classical Greek and Katharevousa: Πάτραι (pl.),, Patrae (pl.)) is Greece's third-largest city and the regional capital of Western Greece, in the northern Peloponnese, west of Athens.
Paul the Apostle (Paulus; translit, ⲡⲁⲩⲗⲟⲥ; c. 5 – c. 64 or 67), commonly known as Saint Paul and also known by his Jewish name Saul of Tarsus (translit; Saũlos Tarseús), was an apostle (though not one of the Twelve Apostles) who taught the gospel of the Christ to the first century world.
Pellaro is the southernmost quarter of the commune of Reggio Calabria, southern Italy.
The Peloponnesian War (431–404 BC) was an ancient Greek war fought by the Delian League led by Athens against the Peloponnesian League led by Sparta.
Phoenicia (or; from the Φοινίκη, meaning "purple country") was a thalassocratic ancient Semitic civilization that originated in the Eastern Mediterranean and in the west of the Fertile Crescent.
Pieter Bruegel (also Brueghel) the Elder (c. 1525-1530 – 9 September 1569) was the most significant artist of Dutch and Flemish Renaissance painting, a painter and printmaker from Brabant, known for his landscapes and peasant scenes (so called genre painting); he was a pioneer in making both types of subject the focus in large paintings.
The pizzo is protection money paid to the Mafia often in the form of a forced transfer of money, resulting in extortion.
Pope Agatho (died January 681) served as the Pope from 27 June 678 until his death in 681.
The Port of Reggio is a seaport in the Mediterranean Sea serving the city of Reggio di Calabria.
Printing is a process for reproducing text and images using a master form or template.
Proclus or Proklos (Πρόκλος; 1st century), probably a native of Rhegium, was a physician among the Bruttii in Italy.
Pythagoras of Samos or Pythagoras of Rhegion, (Ancient Greek: Πυθαγόρας, fl. 5th century BC) was a statuary from Samos whom Pliny the Elder expressly distinguishes from the more renowned Pythagoras from Rhegion.
Pythagoreanism originated in the 6th century BC, based on the teachings and beliefs held by Pythagoras and his followers, the Pythagoreans, who were considerably influenced by mathematics and mysticism.
Raffaele Piria (Scilla 20 August 1814 –Turin 18 July 1865), an Italian chemist from Scilla, lived in Palmi, who converted the substance Salicin into a sugar and a second component, which on oxidation becomes salicylic acid, a major component of the analgesic drug Aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid).
Shlomo Yitzchaki (רבי שלמה יצחקי; Salomon Isaacides; Salomon de Troyes, 22 February 1040 – 13 July 1105), today generally known by the acronym Rashi (רש"י, RAbbi SHlomo Itzhaki), was a medieval French rabbi and author of a comprehensive commentary on the Talmud and commentary on the ''Tanakh''.
Reggio di Calabria "Tito Minniti" Airport, also known as Aeroporto dello Stretto (Airport of the Strait) is an airport located near Reggio, in southern Calabria, Italy.
Reggio di Calabria Centrale railway station (Reggio di Calabria Centrale) is the main railway station of the Italian city of Reggio, in Calabria.
The Reggio revolt occurred in Reggio Calabria, Italy, from July 1970 to February 1971.
A republic (res publica) is a form of government in which the country is considered a "public matter", not the private concern or property of the rulers.
The Riace bronzes (Italian Bronzi di Riace), also called the Riace Warriors, are two full-size Greek bronzes of naked bearded warriors, cast about 460–450 BC that were found in the sea near Riace in 1972.
Robert Guiscard (– 17 July 1085) was a Norman adventurer remembered for the conquest of southern Italy and Sicily.
Roger I (– 22 June 1101), nicknamed Roger Bosso and The Great Count, was a Norman nobleman who became the first Count of Sicily from 1071 to 1101.
Roghudi (Calabrian translit or script) is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Reggio Calabria in the Italian region Calabria, located about southwest of Catanzaro and about southeast of Reggio Calabria.
The Archdiocese of Reggio Calabria-Bova (Archidioecesis Rheginensis-Bovensis) is a Roman Catholic ecclesiastical territory in Calabria, southern Italy.
The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
Russian culture has a long history.
Samos (Σάμος) is a Greek island in the eastern Aegean Sea, south of Chios, north of Patmos and the Dodecanese, and off the coast of Asia Minor, from which it is separated by the -wide Mycale Strait.
A sanitary sewer or "foul sewer" is an underground carriage system specifically for transporting sewage from houses and commercial buildings through pipes to treatment facilities or disposal.
Santo Domenico Versace (born 16 December 1944) is an Italian businessman who is the president and co-chief executive officer of Gianni Versace SpA, based in Milan, Italy.
Scilla (archaic Calabrian: U Scigghiju) is a town and comune in Calabria, Italy, administratively part of the Province of Reggio Calabria.
The Italian Meteorological Service is an organizational unit of the Italian Air Force (Servizio Meteorologico dell'Aeronautica Militare), and as such, the national meteorological service in Italy.
The Sicels (Siculi; Σικελοί Sikeloi) were an Italic tribe who inhabited eastern Sicily during the Iron Age.
The Sicilian Vespers (Vespri siciliani; Vespiri siciliani) is the name given to the successful rebellion on the island of Sicily that broke out at Easter, 1282 against the rule of the French-born king Charles I, who had ruled the Kingdom of Sicily since 1266.
Sicily (Sicilia; Sicìlia) is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea.
Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles.
Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.
Southern Italy or Mezzogiorno (literally "midday") is a macroregion of Italy traditionally encompassing the territories of the former Kingdom of the two Sicilies (all the southern section of the Italian Peninsula and Sicily), with the frequent addition of the island of Sardinia.
Marie-Henri Beyle (23 January 1783 – 23 March 1842), better known by his pen name Stendhal, was a 19th-century French writer.
Stilo (Calabrian: Stilu; lit) is a town and comune in the province of Reggio Calabria, in the Calabria region of southern Italy.
The Strait of Messina (Stretto di Messina), is a narrow strait between the eastern tip of Sicily (Punta del Faro) and the western tip of Calabria (Punta Pezzo) in the south of Italy.
Syracuse (Siracusa,; Sarausa/Seragusa; Syrācūsae; Συράκουσαι, Syrakousai; Medieval Συρακοῦσαι) is a historic city on the island of Sicily, the capital of the Italian province of Syracuse.
Taranto (early Tarento from Tarentum; Tarantino: Tarde; translit; label) is a coastal city in Apulia, Southern Italy.
Theagenes of Rhegium (Theagenēs ho Rhēginos; fl. 529–522 BC) was a Greek literary critic of the 6th century BC.
Tito Minniti (1909 – 26 December 1935) was an Italian pilot who was killed after he was captured by Ethiopians during the Second Italo-Abyssinian War in 1935 near Degehabur.
Tommaso Campanella OP (5 September 1568 – 21 May 1639), baptized Giovanni Domenico Campanella, was a Dominican friar, Italian philosopher, theologian, astrologer, and poet.
Torah (תּוֹרָה, "Instruction", "Teaching" or "Law") has a range of meanings.
A tourist attraction is a place of interest where tourists visit, typically for its inherent or exhibited natural or cultural value, historical significance, natural or built beauty, offering leisure and amusement.
Tripoli (طرابلس,; Berber: Oea, or Wy't) is the capital city and the largest city of Libya, with a population of about 1.1 million people in 2015.
Troy (Τροία, Troia or Τροίας, Troias and Ἴλιον, Ilion or Ἴλιος, Ilios; Troia and Ilium;Trōia is the typical Latin name for the city. Ilium is a more poetic term: Hittite: Wilusha or Truwisha; Truva or Troya) was a city in the far northwest of the region known in late Classical antiquity as Asia Minor, now known as Anatolia in modern Turkey, near (just south of) the southwest mouth of the Dardanelles strait and northwest of Mount Ida.
A tsunami (from 津波, "harbour wave"; English pronunciation) or tidal wave, also known as a seismic sea wave, is a series of waves in a water body caused by the displacement of a large volume of water, generally in an ocean or a large lake.
Umberto Boccioni (19 October 1882 – 17 August 1916) was an influential Italian painter and sculptor.
Urbs Reggina 1914 S.r.l., commonly referred to as Reggina, is an Italian association football club, the main club of the city of Reggio Calabria.
The Vandals were a large East Germanic tribe or group of tribes that first appear in history inhabiting present-day southern Poland.
Venetian Gothic is an architectural style combining use of the Gothic lancet arch with Byzantine and Moorish influences.
The Venice Biennale (La Biennale di Venezia; in English also called the "Venice Biennial") refers to an arts organization based in Venice and the name of the original and principal biennial exhibition the organization organizes.
The Via Popilia is the name of two different ancient Roman roads begun in the consulship of Publius Popilius Laenas.
Dame Zaha Mohammad Hadid (زها حديد Zahā Ḥadīd; 31 October 1950 – 31 March 2016) was an Iraqi-British architect.
The 1783 Calabrian earthquakes were a sequence of five strong earthquakes that hit the region of Calabria in southern Italy (then part of the Kingdom of Naples), the first two of which produced significant tsunamis.
The 1908 Messina earthquake (also known as the 1908 Messina and Reggio earthquake) occurred on 28 December in Sicily and Calabria, southern Italy with a moment magnitude of 7.1 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of XI (Extreme).