49 relations: AirTouch, Ameritech, AT&T, AT&T Corporation, Bell Canada, Bell Labs, Bell System, BellSouth, Centel, CenturyLink, Cincinnati Bell, Competition law, Competitive local exchange carrier, Denver, Embarq, FairPoint Communications, Frontier Communications of Connecticut, Frontier West Virginia, GTE, Hartford Courant, History of AT&T, Incumbent local exchange carrier, Local access and transport area, Maine, Malheur Bell, MCI Inc., Modification of Final Judgment, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Northern New England Telephone Operations, NYNEX, Optical fiber, Pacific Telesis, Payphone, Peter Economy, Qwest, Qwest Corporation, Science Applications International Corporation, Sprint Corporation, Telcordia Technologies, Telephone Operating Company of Vermont, United States Department of Justice, United States v. AT&T, US West, Verizon Communications, Verizon New England, Verizon Wireless, Vodafone, Wisconsin Bell.
AirTouch Communications was a U.S.-based wireless telephone service provider, created as a spin-off on Pacific Telesis on April 1, 1994.
AT&T Teleholdings, Inc., formerly known as Ameritech Corporation (and before that American Information Technologies Corporation), was a U.S. telecommunications company that arose out of the 1984 AT&T divestiture.
AT&T Inc. is an American multinational conglomerate holding company headquartered at Whitacre Tower in Downtown Dallas, Texas.
AT&T Corp., originally the American Telephone and Telegraph Company, is the subsidiary of AT&T that provides voice, video, data, and Internet telecommunications and professional services to businesses, consumers, and government agencies.
Bell Canada (commonly referred to as Bell) is a Canadian telecommunications company headquartered in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
Nokia Bell Labs (formerly named AT&T Bell Laboratories, Bell Telephone Laboratories and Bell Labs) is an American research and scientific development company, owned by Finnish company Nokia.
The Bell System was the system of companies, led by the Bell Telephone Company and later by AT&T, which provided telephone services to much of the United States and Canada from 1877 to 1984, at various times as a monopoly.
BellSouth, LLC (stylized as BELLSOUTH and formerly known as BellSouth Corporation) is an American telecommunications holding company based in Atlanta, Georgia.
Centel Corporation was an American telecommunications company, with primary interests in providing basic telephone service, cellular phone service and cable television service.
CenturyLink, Inc. is an American telecommunications company, headquartered in Monroe, Louisiana, that provides communications and data services to residential, business, governmental, and wholesale customers in 37 states.
Cincinnati Bell is the dominant telephone company for Cincinnati, Ohio, its nearby suburbs, and the Dayton metropolitan area in the U.S. states of Ohio, Indiana and Kentucky.
Competition law is a law that promotes or seeks to maintain market competition by regulating anti-competitive conduct by companies.
A competitive local exchange carrier (CLEC), in the United States and Canada, is a telecommunications provider company (sometimes called a "carrier") competing with other, already established carriers (generally the incumbent local exchange carrier (ILEC)).
Denver, officially the City and County of Denver, is the capital and most populous municipality of the U.S. state of Colorado.
Embarq Corporation (stylized as EMBARQ) was the largest independent local exchange carrier in the United States (below the Baby Bells), serving customers in 18 states and providing local, long-distance, high-speed data and wireless services to residential and business customers.
FairPoint Communications, Inc. was headquartered in Charlotte, North Carolina, and operated communication services in 31 markets in 17 states, mostly in rural areas.
Frontier Communications of Connecticut, also known as The Southern New England Telephone Company (commonly referred to as SNET by its customers), is a local exchange carrier owned by Frontier Communications.
Frontier West Virginia, Inc. is one of the original Bell Operating Companies and provides local telephone service in the U.S. state of West Virginia.
GTE Corporation, formerly General Telephone & Electronics Corporation (1955–1982), was the largest independent telephone company in the United States during the days of the Bell System.
The Hartford Courant is the largest daily newspaper in the U.S. state of Connecticut, and is often recognized as the oldest continuously published newspaper in the United States.
The history of AT&T dates back to the invention of the telephone itself.
An incumbent local exchange carrier (ILEC) is a local telephone company which held the regional monopoly on landline service before the market was opened to competitive local exchange carriers, or the corporate successor of such a firm.
Local access and transport area (LATA) is a term used in U.S. telecommunications regulation.
Maine is a U.S. state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
Malheur Home Telephone Company, commonly known as Malheur Bell, was a rural telephone company operating in Oregon.
MCI, Inc. (d/b/a Verizon Business) was an American telecommunication corporation, currently a subsidiary of Verizon Communications, with its main office in Ashburn, Virginia.
In United States telecommunication law, the Modification of Final Judgment (MFJ) is the August 1982 agreement approved by the court (consent decree) settling United States v. AT&T, a landmark antitrust suit, originally filed on January 14, 1949 and modifying the previous Final Judgment of January 24, 1956.
New Hampshire is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
North Carolina is a U.S. state in the southeastern region of the United States.
Northern New England Telephone Operations LLC is a Bell Operating Company founded in 2006.
NYNEX Corporation was a telephone company that served five New England states (Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont) as well as most of New York state from 1984 through 1997.
An optical fiber or optical fibre is a flexible, transparent fiber made by drawing glass (silica) or plastic to a diameter slightly thicker than that of a human hair.
Pacific Telesis Group was one of the seven Regional Bell Operating Companies, sometimes also referred to as "RBOCs" or "Baby Bells", created in 1983 in preparation of the breakup of AT&T as a holding company for Pacific Bell and Nevada Bell, Pacific Telesis International and several other non-regulated companies including PacTel Mobile Services and PacTel InfoSystems.
A payphone (alternative spelling: pay phone) is typically a coin-operated public telephone, often located in a telephone booth or a privacy hood, with pre-payment by inserting money (usually coins) or by billing a credit or debit card, or a telephone card.
Peter Economy is an American author, editor, ghostwriter, and publishing consultant living in La Jolla, California.
Qwest Communications International, Inc. was a large United States telecommunications carrier.
Qwest Corporation is a Bell Operating Company owned by CenturyLink.
Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC) is an American company headquartered in Reston, Virginia that provides government services and information technology support.
Sprint Corporation is an American telecommunications company that provides wireless services and is an internet service provider.
Telcordia Technologies, Inc., doing business as iconectiv, is an American subsidiary of the Swedish telecommunications company Ericsson.
Telephone Operating Company of Vermont LLC is a telephone operating company owned by Northern New England Telephone Operations, a subsidiary of Consolidated Communications.
The United States Department of Justice (DOJ), also known as the Justice Department, is a federal executive department of the U.S. government, responsible for the enforcement of the law and administration of justice in the United States, equivalent to the justice or interior ministries of other countries. The department was formed in 1870 during the Ulysses S. Grant administration. The Department of Justice administers several federal law enforcement agencies including the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). The department is responsible for investigating instances of financial fraud, representing the United States government in legal matters (such as in cases before the Supreme Court), and running the federal prison system. The department is also responsible for reviewing the conduct of local law enforcement as directed by the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994. The department is headed by the United States Attorney General, who is nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate and is a member of the Cabinet. The current Attorney General is Jeff Sessions.
United States v. AT&T was the antitrust case in the United States that led to the 1984 Bell System divestiture, the breakup of the old American Telephone & Telegraph into the new, seven regional Bell operating companies (RBOC)s and the much smaller new AT&T.
US West, Inc. (stylized as U S WEST), was one of seven Regional Bell Operating Companies (RBOC's, also referred to as "Baby Bells"), created in 1983 under the Modification of Final Judgement (United States v. Western Electric Co., Inc. 552 Fed. Supp. 131), a case related to the antitrust breakup of AT&T.
Verizon Communications Inc., or simply Verizon, is an American multinational telecommunications conglomerate and a corporate component of the Dow Jones Industrial Average.
Verizon New England, Inc., which was formerly New England Telephone and Telegraph Company, more commonly known as New England Telephone, is a Bell Operating Company that serves most of Massachusetts and all of Rhode Island.
Cellco Partnership, d/b/a Verizon Wireless (commonly shortened to Verizon, and stylized as verizon), is an American telecommunications company which offers wireless products and services.
Vodafone Group plc is a British multinational telecommunications conglomerate, with headquarters in London.
Wisconsin Bell, Inc. (known as Wisconsin Telephone Co. before 1984) is the name of the Bell Operating Company serving Wisconsin.
Baby Bell, Baby Bell(s), Baby Bells, Baby bell, Baby bells, RBHC, RBOC, RBOCS, Regional Bell Holding Company, Regional Bell Operating Companies, Regional Bell operating companies, Regional Bell operating company, Regional Holding Company, Regional bell operating company.