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Regions of France

Index Regions of France

France is divided into 18 administrative regions (région), including 13 metropolitan regions and 5 overseas regions. [1]

191 relations: Administrative divisions of France, Africa, Ajaccio, Alain Rousset, Alfred Marie-Jeanne, Alps, Alsace, Alsatian dialect, Amiens, Angoumois, Antillean Creole, Antilles, Aquitaine, Ary Chalus, Aunis, Auvergne, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, Édouard Balladur, Île-de-France, Basse-Terre, Berry, France, Besançon, Bordeaux, Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, Brittany, Brittany (administrative region), Budget of France, Burgundian language (Oïl), Burgundy, Caen, Caribbean, Cayenne, Central America, Centre-Val de Loire, Champagne (province), Champagne-Ardenne, Charlemagne, Châlons-en-Champagne, Claude Lise, Clermont-Ferrand, Conseil d'État (France), Corsica, County of Burgundy, Dauphiné, Décapole, Decentralisation in France, Decentralization, Departments of France, Didier Robert, Dijon, ..., Duchy of Aquitaine, Duchy of Brittany, Duchy of Burgundy, Duchy of Lorraine, Duchy of Normandy, Euro, European Parliament, Flags of the regions of France, Fort-de-France, Frainc-Comtou dialect, François Bonneau, François Hollande, France, Franche-Comté, Franco-Prussian War, French Alps, French Economic, Social and Environmental Council, French Guiana, French regional elections, 1986, French regional elections, 1992, French regional elections, 1998, French regional elections, 2004, French regional elections, 2010, French regional elections, 2015, French Riviera, Gallo language, Gascony, Geography of France, Government of France, Grand Est, Guadeloupe, Guianese Socialist Party, Guyenne, Hauts-de-France, Hervé Morin, History of Auvergne, History of Île-de-France, History of Limousin, Holy Roman Empire, Indian Ocean, Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques, ISO 3166-2:FR, Jean Rottner, Jean-Guy Talamoni, Kingdom of France, Languedoc, Languedoc-Roussillon, Laurent Wauquiez, Le Monde, Lille, Limoges, Limousin, List of French regions and overseas collectivities by GDP, Loire, Loire Valley, Lorraine, Lorraine Franconian, Lothair I, Lotharingia, Lower Normandy, Lyon, Lyonnais, Malagasy language, Mamoudzou, Manuel Valls, Maore dialect, Marie-Guite Dufay, Marseille, Martinican Independence Movement, Martinique, Mayotte, Merger (politics), Metropolitan France, Metz, Midi-Pyrénées, Montpellier, Nantes, National Assembly (France), Nord (French department), Nord-Pas-de-Calais, Norman language, Normandy, Nouvelle-Aquitaine, Occitan language, Occitanie (administrative region), Orléans, Outremer, Overseas collectivity, Overseas department, Overseas France, Overseas region, Paris, Pas-de-Calais, Pays de la Loire, Pè a Corsica, Picardy, Place name origins, Poitevin dialect, Poitiers, Poitou, Poitou-Charentes, President of the Regional Council (France), Provençal dialect, Provence, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, Provinces of France, Pyrenees, Ranked list of French regions, Réunion, Réunion Creole, Regional council (France), Renaud Muselier, Rennes, Rhône, Rhône-Alpes, Rodolphe Alexandre, Rouen, Roussillon, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Saint-Denis, Réunion, Saintonge, Saintongeais dialect, Savoy, Senate (France), Socialist Party (France), Soibahadine Ibrahim Ramadani, South America, Southern France, Strasbourg, Sud Ouest (newspaper), Territorial collectivity, The Centrists, The Republicans (France), Toulouse, Unitary state, United Guadeloupe, Socialism and Realities, Upper Normandy, Valérie Pécresse, World War I, World War II, Xavier Bertrand. Expand index (141 more) »

Administrative divisions of France

The administrative divisions of France are concerned with the institutional and territorial organization of French territory.

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Africa

Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).

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Ajaccio

Ajaccio is a French commune, prefecture of the department of Corse-du-Sud, and head office of the Collectivité territoriale de Corse (capital city of Corsica).

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Alain Rousset

Alain Rousset (born February 16, 1951) is the Socialist president of the Aquitaine region of France, and a Deputy in the National Assembly of France, representing the 7th constituency of the Gironde.

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Alfred Marie-Jeanne

Alfred Marie-Jeanne (born November 15, 1936 in Rivière-Pilote) is a French politician in Martinique, a leader in the Martinican Independence Movement (MIM) since 1978.

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Alps

The Alps (Alpes; Alpen; Alpi; Alps; Alpe) are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe,The Caucasus Mountains are higher, and the Urals longer, but both lie partly in Asia.

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Alsace

Alsace (Alsatian: ’s Elsass; German: Elsass; Alsatia) is a cultural and historical region in eastern France, on the west bank of the upper Rhine next to Germany and Switzerland.

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Alsatian dialect

Alsatian (Alsatian and Elsässerditsch (Alsatian German); Frankish: Elsässerdeitsch; Alsacien; Elsässisch or Elsässerdeutsch) is a Low Alemannic German dialect spoken in most of Alsace, a formerly disputed region in eastern France that has passed between French and German control five times since 1681.

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Amiens

Amiens is a city and commune in northern France, north of Paris and south-west of Lille.

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Angoumois

Angoumois or equally historically the comté d'Angoulême was a county and province of France, originally inferior to the parent duchy of Aquitaine, similar to the Périgord to its east but lower and generally less forested, equally with occasional vineyards throughout.

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Antillean Creole

Antillean Creole is a French-based creole, which is primarily spoken in the Lesser Antilles.

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Antilles

The Antilles (Antilles in French; Antillas in Spanish; Antillen in Dutch and Antilhas in Portuguese) is an archipelago bordered by the Caribbean Sea to the south and west, the Gulf of Mexico to the northwest, and the Atlantic Ocean to the north and east.

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Aquitaine

Aquitaine (Aquitània; Akitania; Poitevin-Saintongeais: Aguiéne), archaic Guyenne/Guienne (Occitan: Guiana) was a traditional region of France, and was an administrative region of France until 1 January 2016.

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Ary Chalus

Ary Chalus (born 6 December 1961, in Pointe-à-Pitre) is a French politician from Guadeloupe and the incumbent mayor of Baie-Mahault since April 2001.

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Aunis

Aunis is a historical province of France, situated in the north-west of the department of Charente-Maritime.

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Auvergne

Auvergne (Auvergnat (occitan): Auvèrnhe / Auvèrnha) is a former administrative region of France.

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Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes

Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes (Ôvèrgne-Rôno-Ârpes, Auvèrnhe Ròse Aups, Alvernia-Rodano-Alpi) is a region of France created by the territorial reform of French Regions in 2014; it resulted from the merger of Auvergne and Rhône-Alpes.

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Édouard Balladur

Édouard Balladur (born 2 May 1929) is a French politician who served as Prime Minister of France under François Mitterrand from 29 March 1993 to 10 May 1995.

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Île-de-France

Île-de-France ("Island of France"), also known as the région parisienne ("Parisian Region"), is one of the 18 regions of France and includes the city of Paris.

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Basse-Terre

Basse-Terre is a French commune in the Guadaloupe department of France in the Lesser Antilles.

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Berry, France

Berry is a region located in the center of France.

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Besançon

Besançon (French and Arpitan:; archaic Bisanz, Vesontio) is the capital of the department of Doubs in the region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté.

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Bordeaux

Bordeaux (Gascon Occitan: Bordèu) is a port city on the Garonne in the Gironde department in Southwestern France.

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Bourgogne-Franche-Comté

Bourgogne-Franche-Comté (sometimes abbreviated BFC; meaning Burgundy–Free County) is a region of France created by the territorial reform of French Regions in 2014, from a merger of Burgundy and Franche-Comté.

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Brittany

Brittany (Bretagne; Breizh, pronounced or; Gallo: Bertaèyn, pronounced) is a cultural region in the northwest of France, covering the western part of what was known as Armorica during the period of Roman occupation.

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Brittany (administrative region)

Brittany (Breizh, Bretagne) is one of the 18 regions of France.

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Budget of France

The budget of France, setting revenues and spending levels is set after approval of the national assembly and the senate.

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Burgundian language (Oïl)

The Burgundian language, also known by French names Bourguignon-morvandiau, Bourguignon, and Morvandiau, is an Oïl language spoken in Burgundy and particularly in the Morvan area of the region.

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Burgundy

Burgundy (Bourgogne) is a historical territory and a former administrative region of France.

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Caen

Caen (Norman: Kaem) is a commune in northwestern France.

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Caribbean

The Caribbean is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (some surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean) and the surrounding coasts.

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Cayenne

Cayenne is the capital city of French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France located in South America.

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Central America

Central America (América Central, Centroamérica) is the southernmost, isthmian portion of the North American continent, which connects with the South American continent on the southeast.

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Centre-Val de Loire

Centre-Val de Loire ("Centre-Loire Valley") is one of the 18 administrative regions of France.

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Champagne (province)

Champagne is a historical province in the northeast of France, now best known as the Champagne wine region for the sparkling white wine that bears its name.

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Champagne-Ardenne

Champagne-Ardenne is a former administrative region of France, located in the northeast of the country, bordering Belgium.

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Charlemagne

Charlemagne or Charles the Great (Karl der Große, Carlo Magno; 2 April 742 – 28 January 814), numbered Charles I, was King of the Franks from 768, King of the Lombards from 774, and Holy Roman Emperor from 800.

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Châlons-en-Champagne

Châlons-en-Champagne is a city in the Grand Est region of France.

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Claude Lise

Claude Lise (born January 31, 1941 in Fort-de-France) is a French politician from Martinique.

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Clermont-Ferrand

Clermont-Ferrand (Auvergnat Clharmou, Augustonemetum) is a city and commune of France, in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region, with a population of 141,569 (2012).

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Conseil d'État (France)

In France, the Council of State (Conseil d'État) is a body of the French national government that acts both as legal adviser of the executive branch and as the supreme court for administrative justice.

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Corsica

Corsica (Corse; Corsica in Corsican and Italian, pronounced and respectively) is an island in the Mediterranean Sea and one of the 18 regions of France.

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County of Burgundy

The Free County of Burgundy (Franche Comté de Bourgogne; Freigrafschaft Burgund) was a medieval county (from 982 to 1678) of the Holy Roman Empire, within the modern region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, whose very name is still reminiscent of the title of its count: Freigraf ('free count', denoting imperial immediacy, or franc comte in French, hence the term franc(he) comté for his feudal principality).

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Dauphiné

The Dauphiné or Dauphiné Viennois, formerly Dauphiny in English, is a former province in southeastern France, whose area roughly corresponded to that of the present departments of Isère, Drôme, and Hautes-Alpes.

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Décapole

The Décapole (Dekapolis or Zehnstädtebund) was an alliance formed in 1354 by ten Imperial cities of the Holy Roman Empire in the Alsace region to maintain their rights.

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Decentralisation in France

In France, the policy of decentralisation was initiated by acts of the French parliament known as Gaston Defferre Laws in 1982.

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Decentralization

Decentralization is the process by which the activities of an organization, particularly those regarding planning and decision-making, are distributed or delegated away from a central, authoritative location or group.

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Departments of France

In the administrative divisions of France, the department (département) is one of the three levels of government below the national level ("territorial collectivities"), between the administrative regions and the commune.

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Didier Robert

Didier Robert (born 26 April 1964) is a French politician who is a member of the Republicans party.

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Dijon

Dijon is a city in eastern:France, capital of the Côte-d'Or département and of the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region.

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Duchy of Aquitaine

The Duchy of Aquitaine (Ducat d'Aquitània,, Duché d'Aquitaine) was a historical fiefdom in western, central and southern areas of present-day France to the south of the Loire River, although its extent, as well as its name, fluctuated greatly over the centuries, at times comprising much of what is now southwestern France (Gascony) and central France.

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Duchy of Brittany

The Duchy of Brittany (Breton: Dugelezh Breizh, French: Duché de Bretagne) was a medieval feudal state that existed between approximately 939 and 1547.

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Duchy of Burgundy

The Duchy of Burgundy (Ducatus Burgundiae; Duché de Bourgogne) emerged in the 9th century as one of the successors of the ancient Kingdom of the Burgundians, which after its conquest in 532 had formed a constituent part of the Frankish Empire.

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Duchy of Lorraine

The Duchy of Lorraine (Lorraine; Lothringen), originally Upper Lorraine, was a duchy now included in the larger present-day region of Lorraine in northeastern France.

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Duchy of Normandy

The Duchy of Normandy grew out of the 911 Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte between King Charles III of West Francia and Rollo, leader of the Vikings.

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Euro

The euro (sign: €; code: EUR) is the official currency of the European Union.

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European Parliament

The European Parliament (EP) is the directly elected parliamentary institution of the European Union (EU).

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Flags of the regions of France

The galleries below show flags attributed to the eighteen (formerly, twenty-seven) regions, five overseas collectivities, one sui generis collectivity and one overseas territory of France.

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Fort-de-France

Fort-de-France is the capital of France's Caribbean overseas department of Martinique.

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Frainc-Comtou dialect

Franc-Comtois (Frainc-Comtou), or Jurassien, is an Oïl language spoken in the Franche-Comté region of France and in the Canton of Jura and Bernese Jura in Switzerland.

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François Bonneau

François Bonneau (born 12 October 1953) is a French politician and the incumbent President of the Regional Council of the Centre region.

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François Hollande

François Gérard Georges Nicolas Hollande (born 12 August 1954) is a French politician who served as President of France and ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra from 2012 to 2017.

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France

France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

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Franche-Comté

Franche-Comté (literally "Free County", Frainc-Comtou dialect: Fraintche-Comtè; Franche-Comtât; Freigrafschaft; Franco Condado) is a former administrative region and a traditional province of eastern France.

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Franco-Prussian War

The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War (Deutsch-Französischer Krieg, Guerre franco-allemande), often referred to in France as the War of 1870 (19 July 1871) or in Germany as 70/71, was a conflict between the Second French Empire of Napoleon III and the German states of the North German Confederation led by the Kingdom of Prussia.

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French Alps

The French Alps are the portions of the Alps mountain range that stand within France, located in the Rhône-Alpes and Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur regions.

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French Economic, Social and Environmental Council

The Economic, Social and Environmental Council of France (Economic and Social Council before the constitutional law of 23 July 2008) is a consultative assembly.

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French Guiana

French Guiana (pronounced or, Guyane), officially called Guiana (Guyane), is an overseas department and region of France, on the north Atlantic coast of South America in the Guyanas.

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French regional elections, 1986

Regional elections were held in France on 16 March 1986.

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French regional elections, 1992

Regional elections were held in France on 22 March 1992.

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French regional elections, 1998

Regional elections were held in France on 15 March 1998.

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French regional elections, 2004

Regional elections in were held in France on 21 and 28 March 2004.

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French regional elections, 2010

Regional elections were held in France on 14 and 21 March 2010.

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French regional elections, 2015

Regional elections were held in France on 6 and 13 December 2015.

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French Riviera

The French Riviera (known in French as the Côte d'Azur,; Còsta d'Azur; literal translation "Coast of Azure") is the Mediterranean coastline of the southeast corner of France.

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Gallo language

Gallo is a regional language of France.

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Gascony

Gascony (Gascogne; Gascon: Gasconha; Gaskoinia) is an area of southwest France that was part of the "Province of Guyenne and Gascony" prior to the French Revolution.

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Geography of France

* Metropolitan France: 551,695 km.

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Government of France

The Government of the French Republic (Gouvernement de la République française) exercises executive power in France.

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Grand Est

Grand Est (Great East, Großer Osten — both in the Alsatian and the Lorraine Franconian dialect), previously Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine (ACAL or less commonly, ALCA), is an administrative region in eastern France.

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Guadeloupe

Guadeloupe (Antillean Creole: Gwadloup) is an insular region of France located in the Leeward Islands, part of the Lesser Antilles in the Caribbean.

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Guianese Socialist Party

The Guianese Socialist Party (Parti socialiste guyanais, PSG) is a political party in the French overseas région of French Guiana, in South America.

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Guyenne

Guyenne or Guienne (Guiana) was an old French province which corresponded roughly to the Roman province of Aquitania Secunda and the archdiocese of Bordeaux.

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Hauts-de-France

Hauts-de-France (translates to "Upper France" in English; Heuts-d'Franche) is a region of France created by the territorial reform of French Regions in 2014, from a merger of Nord-Pas-de-Calais and Picardy.

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Hervé Morin

Hervé Morin (born 17 August 1961) is a French politician, currently the President of Normandy.

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History of Auvergne

The history of the Auvergne dates back to the early Middle Ages, when it was a historic province in south central France.

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History of Île-de-France

Île-de-France is a province of France encompassing the north-central departments of Val-d’Oise, Seine-et-Marne, Seine-Saint-Denis, Ville-de-Paris, Hauts-de-Seine, Val-de-Marne, Essonne, and Yvelines.

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History of Limousin

The history of Limousin (Lemosin), one of the traditional provinces of France, reaches back to Celtic and Roman times.

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Holy Roman Empire

The Holy Roman Empire (Sacrum Romanum Imperium; Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic but mostly German complex of territories in central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806.

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Indian Ocean

The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering (approximately 20% of the water on the Earth's surface).

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Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques

The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques), abbreviated INSEE, is the national statistics bureau of France.

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ISO 3166-2:FR

ISO 3166-2:FR is the entry for France in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.

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Jean Rottner

Jean Rottner (born January 28, 1967) is a French politician of the political party The Republicans and is mayor of Mulhouse from 2010 to 2017, and President of the regional council of Grand Est since 2017.

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Jean-Guy Talamoni

Jean-Guy Talamoni is a French politician and Corsican nationalist, who has been President of the Corsican Assembly since 17 December 2015.

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Kingdom of France

The Kingdom of France (Royaume de France) was a medieval and early modern monarchy in Western Europe.

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Languedoc

Languedoc (Lengadòc) is a former province of France.

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Languedoc-Roussillon

Languedoc-Roussillon (Lengadòc-Rosselhon; Llenguadoc-Rosselló) is a former administrative region of France.

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Laurent Wauquiez

Laurent Timothée Marie Wauquiez (born 12 April 1975) is a French politician, currently serving as President of The Republicans.

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Le Monde

Le Monde (The World) is a French daily afternoon newspaper founded by Hubert Beuve-Méry at the request of Charles de Gaulle (as Chairman of the Provisional Government of the French Republic) on 19 December 1944, shortly after the Liberation of Paris, and published continuously since its first edition.

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Lille

Lille (Rijsel; Rysel) is a city at the northern tip of France, in French Flanders.

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Limoges

Limoges (Occitan: Lemòtges or Limòtges) is a city and commune, the capital of the Haute-Vienne department and was the administrative capital of the former Limousin region in west-central France.

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Limousin

Limousin (Lemosin) is a former administrative region of France.

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List of French regions and overseas collectivities by GDP

This article lists French regions and overseas collectivities by gross domestic product (GDP).

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Loire

The Loire (Léger; Liger) is the longest river in France and the 171st longest in the world.

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Loire Valley

The Loire Valley (Vallée de la Loire), spanning, is located in the middle stretch of the Loire River in central France, in both the administrative regions Pays de la Loire and Centre-Val de Loire.

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Lorraine

Lorraine (Lorrain: Louréne; Lorraine Franconian: Lottringe; German:; Loutrengen) is a cultural and historical region in north-eastern France, now located in the administrative region of Grand Est.

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Lorraine Franconian

Lorraine Franconian (Lorraine Franconian: Plàtt, lothrìnger Plàtt; francique lorrain, platt lorrain; Lothringisch) is an ambiguous designation for dialects of West Central German (Westmitteldeutsch), a group of High German dialects spoken in the Moselle department of the former north-eastern French region of Lorraine (See Linguistic boundary of Moselle).

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Lothair I

Lothair I or Lothar I (Dutch and Medieval Latin: Lotharius, German: Lothar, French: Lothaire, Italian: Lotario) (795 – 29 September 855) was the Holy Roman Emperor (817–855, co-ruling with his father until 840), and the governor of Bavaria (815–817), Italy (818–855) and Middle Francia (840–855).

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Lotharingia

Lotharingia (Latin: Lotharii regnum) was a medieval successor kingdom of the Carolingian Empire, comprising the present-day Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, North Rhine-Westphalia (Germany), Rhineland-Palatinate (Germany), Saarland (Germany), and Lorraine (France).

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Lower Normandy

Lower Normandy (Basse-Normandie,; Basse-Normaundie) is a former administrative region of France.

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Lyon

Lyon (Liyon), is the third-largest city and second-largest urban area of France.

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Lyonnais

The Lyonnais is a historical province of France which owes its name to the city of Lyon.

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Malagasy language

Malagasy is an Austronesian language and the national language of Madagascar.

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Mamoudzou

Mamoudzou (Shimaore Comorian: Momoju) is the capital of the French overseas region and department of Mayotte, in the Indian Ocean.

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Manuel Valls

Manuel Carlos Valls Galfetti (born 13 August 1962) is a French politician of Spanish origin who served as Prime Minister of France from 2014 until 2016.

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Maore dialect

Maore Comorian, or Shimaore (French Mahorais), is one of the two indigenous languages spoken in the French-ruled Comorian islands of Mayotte; Shimaore being a dialect of the Comorian language, while ShiBushi is an unrelated Malayo-Polynesian language originally from Madagascar.

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Marie-Guite Dufay

Marie-Marguerite Dufay best known as Marie-Guite Dufay (born 21 May 1949 in Paris, France) is the incumbent president of the regional council of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté.

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Marseille

Marseille (Provençal: Marselha), is the second-largest city of France and the largest city of the Provence historical region.

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Martinican Independence Movement

The Martinican Independence Movement or MIM (Mouvement Indépendantiste Martiniquais; Martinican Creole: Mouvman endépandantis matinitjé) is a left-wing political party in the overseas department of Martinique, founded July 1, 1978 by Alfred Marie-Jeanne with the aim of securing "the decolonization and independence of Martinique".

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Martinique

Martinique is an insular region of France located in the Lesser Antilles of the West Indies in the eastern Caribbean Sea, with a land area of and a population of 385,551 inhabitants as of January 2013.

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Mayotte

Mayotte (Mayotte,; Shimaore: Maore,; Mahori) is an insular department and region of France officially named the Department of Mayotte (French: Département de Mayotte).

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Merger (politics)

A merger, consolidation or amalgamation, in a political or administrative sense, is the combination of two or more political or administrative entities, such as municipalities (in other words cities, towns, etc.), counties, districts, etc., into a single entity.

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Metropolitan France

Metropolitan France (France métropolitaine or la Métropole), also known as European France or Mainland France, is the part of France in Europe.

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Metz

Metz (Lorraine Franconian pronunciation) is a city in northeast France located at the confluence of the Moselle and the Seille rivers.

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Midi-Pyrénées

Midi-Pyrénées (Occitan: Miègjorn-Pirenèus or Mieidia-Pirenèus; Mediodía-Pirineos) is a former administrative region of France.

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Montpellier

Montpellier (Montpelhièr) is a city in southern France.

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Nantes

Nantes (Gallo: Naunnt or Nantt) is a city in western France on the Loire River, from the Atlantic coast.

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National Assembly (France)

The National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) is the lower house of the bicameral Parliament of France under the Fifth Republic, the upper house being the Senate (Sénat).

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Nord (French department)

Nord (North; Noorderdepartement) is a department in the far north of France.

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Nord-Pas-de-Calais

Nord-Pas-de-Calais (is a former administrative region of France. Since 1 January 2016, it is part of the new region Hauts-de-France. It consisted of the departments of Nord and Pas-de-Calais. Nord-Pas-de-Calais borders the English Channel (west), the North Sea (northwest), Belgium (north and east) and Picardy (south). The majority of the region was once part of the historical (Southern) Netherlands, but gradually became part of France between 1477 and 1678, particularly during the reign of king Louis XIV. The historical French provinces that preceded Nord-Pas-de-Calais are Artois, French Flanders, French Hainaut and (partially) Picardy. These provincial designations are still frequently used by the inhabitants. With its 330.8 people per km2 on just over 12,414 km2, it is a densely populated region, having some 4.1 million inhabitants, 7% of France's total population, making it the fourth most populous region in the country, 83% of whom live in urban communities. Its administrative centre and largest city is Lille. The second largest city is Calais, which serves as a major continental economic/transportation hub with Dover of Great Britain away; this makes Nord-Pas-de-Calais the closest continental European connection to the Great Britain. Other major towns include Valenciennes, Lens, Douai, Béthune, Dunkirk, Maubeuge, Boulogne, Arras, Cambrai and Saint-Omer. Numerous films, like Bienvenue chez les Ch'tis.

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Norman language

No description.

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Normandy

Normandy (Normandie,, Norman: Normaundie, from Old French Normanz, plural of Normant, originally from the word for "northman" in several Scandinavian languages) is one of the 18 regions of France, roughly referring to the historical Duchy of Normandy.

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Nouvelle-Aquitaine

Nouvelle-Aquitaine ("New Aquitaine"; Nòva Aquitània; Akitania Berria; Poitevin-Saintongeais: Novéle-Aguiéne) is the largest administrative region in France, located in the southwest of the country.

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Occitan language

Occitan, also known as lenga d'òc (langue d'oc) by its native speakers, is a Romance language.

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Occitanie (administrative region)

Occitanie (Occitània,, Occitània) is an administrative region of France that was created on 1 January 2016 from former French regions Languedoc-Roussillon and Midi-Pyrénées.

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Orléans

Orléans is a prefecture and commune in north-central France, about 111 kilometres (69 miles) southwest of Paris.

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Outremer

Outremer (outre-mer, meaning "overseas") was a general name used for the Crusader states; it originated after victories of Europeans in the First Crusade and was applied to the County of Edessa, the Principality of Antioch, the County of Tripoli, and especially the Kingdom of Jerusalem.

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Overseas collectivity

The French overseas collectivities (collectivité d'outre-mer or COM), like the French regions, are first-order administrative divisions of France.

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Overseas department

An overseas department (département d’outre-mer or DOM) is a department of France that is outside metropolitan France.

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Overseas France

Overseas France (France d'outre-mer) consists of all the French-administerd territories outside the European continent.

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Overseas region

An overseas region (Région d'outre-mer) is a designation given to the overseas departments that have identical powers to those of the regions of metropolitan France.

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Paris

Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.

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Pas-de-Calais

Pas-de-Calais is a department in northern France named after the French designation of the Strait of Dover, which it borders ('pas' meaning passage).

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Pays de la Loire

Pays de la Loire (Broioù al Liger, meaning Loire Country) is one of the 18 regions of France.

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Pè a Corsica

Pè a Corsica is a Corsican nationalist political party in France, which calls for more autonomy for Corsica.

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Picardy

Picardy (Picardie) is a historical territory and a former administrative region of France.

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Place name origins

In much of the "Old World" (approximately Africa, Asia and Europe) the names of many places cannot easily be interpreted or understood; they do not convey any apparent meaning in the modern language of the area.

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Poitevin dialect

Poitevin (Poetevin) is a language spoken in Poitou, France.

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Poitiers

Poitiers is a city on the Clain river in west-central France.

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Poitou

Poitou, in Poitevin: Poetou, was a province of west-central France whose capital city was Poitiers.

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Poitou-Charentes

Poitou-Charentes is a former administrative region in south-western France.

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President of the Regional Council (France)

The President of the Regional Council (French: Président du conseil régional) is the elected official who heads the conseil régional of a région, a state-level territory.

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Provençal dialect

Provençal (Provençau or Prouvençau) is a variety of Occitan spoken by a minority of people in southern France, mostly in Provence.

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Provence

Provence (Provençal: Provença in classical norm or Prouvènço in Mistralian norm) is a geographical region and historical province of southeastern France, which extends from the left bank of the lower Rhône River to the west to the Italian border to the east, and is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the south.

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Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur

Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur (Provença-Aups-Còsta d'Azur; Provenza-Alpi-Costa Azzurra; PACA) is one of the 18 administrative regions of France.

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Provinces of France

The Kingdom of France was organized into provinces until March 4, 1790, when the establishment of the department (French: département) system superseded provinces.

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Pyrenees

The Pyrenees (Pirineos, Pyrénées, Pirineus, Pirineus, Pirenèus, Pirinioak) is a range of mountains in southwest Europe that forms a natural border between Spain and France.

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Ranked list of French regions

The following are ranked lists of French regions.

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Réunion

Réunion (La Réunion,; previously Île Bourbon) is an island and region of France in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar and southwest of Mauritius.

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Réunion Creole

Réunion Creole, or Reunionese Creole (kréol rénioné; créole réunionnais), is a French-based creole language spoken on Réunion.

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Regional council (France)

A regional council (conseil régional) is the elected assembly of a region of France.

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Renaud Muselier

Renaud Muselier (born 6 May 1959) is a French politician.

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Rennes

Rennes (Roazhon,; Gallo: Resnn) is a city in the east of Brittany in northwestern France at the confluence of the Ille and the Vilaine.

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Rhône

The Rhône (Le Rhône; Rhone; Walliser German: Rotten; Rodano; Rôno; Ròse) is one of the major rivers of Europe and has twice the average discharge of the Loire (which is the longest French river), rising in the Rhône Glacier in the Swiss Alps at the far eastern end of the Swiss canton of Valais, passing through Lake Geneva and running through southeastern France.

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Rhône-Alpes

Rhône-Alpes (Arpitan: Rôno-Arpes; Ròse-Aups; Rodano-Alpi) is a former administrative region of France.

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Rodolphe Alexandre

Rodolphe Alexandre (born 26 September 1953 in Cayenne) is a French political figure from French Guiana.

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Rouen

Rouen (Frankish: Rodomo; Rotomagus, Rothomagus) is a city on the River Seine in the north of France.

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Roussillon

Roussillon (or;; Rosselló, Occitan: Rosselhon) is one of the historical counties of the former Principality of Catalonia, corresponding roughly to the present-day southern French département of Pyrénées-Orientales (Eastern Pyrenees).

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Saint Pierre and Miquelon

Saint Pierre and Miquelon, officially the Overseas Collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon (Collectivité d'Outre-mer de Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon), is a self-governing territorial overseas collectivity of France, situated in the northwestern Atlantic Ocean near the Newfoundland and Labrador province of Canada.

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Saint-Denis, Réunion

Saint-Denis (or unofficially Saint-Denis de la Réunion for disambiguation) is the préfecture (administrative capital) of the French overseas region and department of Réunion, in the Indian Ocean.

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Saintonge

Saintonge, historically spelled Xaintonge and Xainctonge, is a former province of France located on the west central Atlantic coast.

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Saintongeais dialect

Saintongeais (saintonjhais) is a dialect of Poitevin spoken halfway down the western coast of France in the former provinces of Saintonge, Aunis and Angoumois, all of which have been incorporated into the current departments of Charente and Charente-Maritime as well as in parts of their neighbouring departments of Gironde and a town in Dordogne.

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Savoy

Savoy (Savouè,; Savoie; Savoia) is a cultural region in Western Europe.

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Senate (France)

The Senate (Sénat; pronunciation) is the upper house of the French Parliament, presided over by a president.

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Socialist Party (France)

The Socialist Party (Parti socialiste, PS) is a social-democratic political party in France, and the largest party of the French centre-left.

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Soibahadine Ibrahim Ramadani

Soibahadine Ibrahim Ramadani (born 5 March 1949) is a French and Mahoran politician and formerly a member of the Senate of France, representing the island of Mayotte.

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South America

South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere.

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Southern France

Southern France or the South of France, colloquially known as le Midi, is a defined geographical area consisting of the regions of France that border the Atlantic Ocean south of the Marais Poitevin, Spain, the Mediterranean, and Italy.

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Strasbourg

Strasbourg (Alsatian: Strossburi; Straßburg) is the capital and largest city of the Grand Est region of France and is the official seat of the European Parliament.

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Sud Ouest (newspaper)

Sud Ouest is a daily French newspaper, the third largest regional daily in France in terms of circulation.

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Territorial collectivity

A territorial collectivity (or territorial authority, collectivité territoriale, previously collectivité locale) is a chartered subdivision of France, with recognized governing authority.

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The Centrists

The Centrists (Les Centristes, LC), formerly known as New Centre (Nouveau Centre, NC) and European Social Liberal Party (Parti Social Libéral Européen, PSLE), is a centre-right political party in France, formed by the members of the Union for French Democracy (UDF) – including 18 of the 29 members of the UDF in the National Assembly) – who did not agree with François Bayrou's decision to found the Democratic Movement (MoDem) and wanted to support the newly elected president Nicolas Sarkozy, continuing the UDF-Union for a Popular Movement (UMP) alliance. The party foundation was announced on 29 May 2007 during a press conference and renamed on 11 December 2016.

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The Republicans (France)

The Republicans (Les Républicains; LR) is a centre-right political party in France.

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Toulouse

Toulouse (Tolosa, Tolosa) is the capital of the French department of Haute-Garonne and of the region of Occitanie.

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Unitary state

A unitary state is a state governed as a single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme and any administrative divisions (sub-national units) exercise only the powers that the central government chooses to delegate.

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United Guadeloupe, Socialism and Realities

The United Guadeloupe, Socialism and Realities (Guadeloupe unie, socialisme et réalités, GUSR) is a political party in the French département d'outre-mer of Guadeloupe.

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Upper Normandy

Upper Normandy (Haute-Normandie,; Ĥâote-Normaundie) is a former administrative region of France.

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Valérie Pécresse

Valérie Pécresse (born 14 July 1967) is a French politician.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Xavier Bertrand

Xavier René Louis Bertrand (born 21 March 1965) is a French politician.

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Redirects here:

Act on the delimitation of regions, regional and departmental elections and amending the electoral calendar, French Region, French region, French regions, List of regions in France, List of regions of France, List of régions of France by population, Logos of the regions of France, Political divisions of France, Region (France), Region france, Region in France, Region of France, Regions francaises, Regions in France, Regions of france, Région, Région Français, Région française, Région in France, Région of France, Régions, Régions françaises, Régions in France, Régions of France.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Regions_of_France

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