53 relations: Ain't, Archaism, Argot, Baby talk, Bible, Cant (language), Code-switching, Dental, alveolar and postalveolar nasals, Dialect, Diglossia, Elderspeak, Ellipsis (linguistics), English language, Ethnolect, Genre, Geoffrey Leech, Honorific speech in Japanese, International Organization for Standardization, ISO 12620, Jargon, John Swales, Korean speech levels, Language, Language education, Legal English, Linguistic prescription, Linguistics, Literary language, Martin Joos, Michael Halliday, Peter Trudgill, Phatic expression, Pledge of Allegiance (United States), Post-creole continuum, Pragmatics, Prestige (sociolinguistics), Quebec French, Randolph Quirk, Register, Register (phonology), Ruqaiya Hasan, Sidney Greenbaum, Slang, Sociolect, Sociolinguistics, Stylistics, Systemic functional grammar, Text types, Tone (literature), United States, ..., Variety (linguistics), Velar nasal, Vernacular. Expand index (3 more) » « Shrink index
Ain't is a contraction for am not, is not, are not, has not, and have not in the common English language vernacular.
In language, an archaism (from the ἀρχαϊκός, archaïkós, 'old-fashioned, antiquated', ultimately ἀρχαῖος, archaîos, 'from the beginning, ancient') is the use of a form of speech or writing that is no longer current or that is current only within a few special contexts.
An argot (from French argot 'slang') is a secret language used by various groups—e.g., schoolmates, outlaws, colleagues, among many others—to prevent outsiders from understanding their conversations.
Baby talk is a type of speech associated with an older person speaking to a child.
The Bible (from Koine Greek τὰ βιβλία, tà biblía, "the books") is a collection of sacred texts or scriptures that Jews and Christians consider to be a product of divine inspiration and a record of the relationship between God and humans.
A cant (or cryptolect, or secret language) is the jargon or argot of a group, often employed to exclude or mislead people outside the group.
In linguistics, code-switching occurs when a speaker alternates between two or more languages, or language varieties, in the context of a single conversation.
The alveolar nasal is a type of consonantal sound used in numerous spoken languages.
The term dialect (from Latin,, from the Ancient Greek word,, "discourse", from,, "through" and,, "I speak") is used in two distinct ways to refer to two different types of linguistic phenomena.
In linguistics, diglossia is a situation in which two dialects or languages are used by a single language community.
Elderspeak is a specialized speech style used by younger adults with older adults, characterized by simpler vocabulary and sentence structure, filler words, lexical fillers, overly-endearing terms, closed-ended questions, using the collective "we", repetition, and speaking more slowly.
In linguistics, ellipsis (from the ἔλλειψις, élleipsis, "omission") or an elliptical construction is the omission from a clause of one or more words that are nevertheless understood in the context of the remaining elements.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
An ethnolect is a variety of a language associated with a certain ethnic or cultural subgroup.
Genre is any form or type of communication in any mode (written, spoken, digital, artistic, etc.) with socially-agreed upon conventions developed over time.
Geoffrey Neil Leech FBA (16 January 1936 – 19 August 2014) was a specialist in English language and linguistics.
The Japanese language has many honorifics, referred to as keigo (敬語, literally "respectful language"), parts of speech that show respect.
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations.
ISO 12620 is a standard from ISO/TC 37 which defines a Data Category Registry, a registry for registering linguistic terms used in various fields of translation, computational linguistics and natural language processing and defining mappings both between different terms and the same terms used in different systems.
Jargon is a type of language that is used in a particular context and may not be well understood outside that context.
John Malcolm Swales (born 1938) is a linguist best known for his work on genre analysis, particularly with regard to its application to the fields of rhetoric, discourse analysis, English for Academic Purposes and, more recently, information science.
There are seven verb paradigms or speech levels in Korean, and each level has its own unique set of verb endings which are used to indicate the level of formality of a situation.
Language is a system that consists of the development, acquisition, maintenance and use of complex systems of communication, particularly the human ability to do so; and a language is any specific example of such a system.
Language education refers to the process and practice of acquiring a second or foreign language.
Legal English is the type of English as used in legal writing.
Linguistic prescription, or prescriptive grammar, is the attempt to lay down rules defining correct use of language.
Linguistics is the scientific study of language, and involves an analysis of language form, language meaning, and language in context.
A literary language is the form of a language used in the writing of the language.
Martin Joos (1907–1978) was a linguist and German professor.
Michael Alexander Kirkwood Halliday (often M.A.K. Halliday; 13 April 1925 – 15 April 2018) was an English-born linguist who developed the internationally influential ''systemic functional linguistic'' SFL model of language.
Peter Trudgill, FBA (born 7 November 1943) is a sociolinguist, academic and author.
In linguistics, a phatic expression is communication which serves a social function, such as social pleasantries that don't seek or offer any information of value.
The Pledge of Allegiance of the United States is an expression of allegiance to the Flag of the United States and the republic of the United States of America.
A post-creole continuum or simply creole continuum is a dialect continuum of varieties of a creole language between those most and least similar to the superstrate language (that is, a closely related language whose speakers assert dominance of some sort).
Pragmatics is a subfield of linguistics and semiotics that studies the ways in which context contributes to meaning.
Prestige is the level of regard normally accorded a specific language or dialect within a speech community, relative to other languages or dialects.
Québec French (français québécois; also known as Québécois French or simply Québécois) is the predominant variety of the French language in Canada, in its formal and informal registers.
Charles Randolph Quirk, Baron Quirk, CBE, FBA (12 July 1920 – 20 December 2017) was a British linguist and life peer.
A register is an authoritative list of one kind of information.
In phonology, a register, or pitch register, is a prosodic feature of syllables in certain languages in which tone, vowel phonation, glottalization or similar features depend upon one another.
Ruqaiya Hasan (3 July 1931After government birth records were lost in Pratapgarh, Hasan's mother re-registered Ruqaiya's birthdate as 3 July 1931, slightly earlier than her real birthdate, to enroll her in school earlier. – 24 June 2015) was a professor of linguistics who held visiting positions and taught at various universities in England.
Sidney Greenbaum (b. London 31 December 1929; d. Moscow 28 May 1996) was a British scholar of the English language and of linguistics.
Slang is language (words, phrases, and usages) of an informal register that members of special groups like teenagers, musicians, or criminals favor (over a standard language) in order to establish group identity, exclude outsiders, or both.
In sociolinguistics, a sociolect or social dialect is a variety of language (a register) used by a socioeconomic class, a profession, an age group or other social group.
Sociolinguistics is the descriptive study of the effect of any and all aspects of society, including cultural norms, expectations, and context, on the way language is used, and society's effect on language.
Stylistics, a branch of applied linguistics, is the study and interpretation of texts in regard to their linguistic and tonal style.
Systemic functional grammar (SFG) is a form of grammatical description originated by Michael Halliday.
Textual types refer to the following four basic aspects of writing: descriptive, narrative, expository, and argumentative.
In literature, the tone of a literary work is the effect that the writer creates on the readers through choice of writing style.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
In sociolinguistics a variety, also called a lect, is a specific form of a language or language cluster.
The velar nasal, also known as agma, from the Greek word for fragment, is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
A vernacular, or vernacular language, is the language or variety of a language used in everyday life by the common people of a specific population.
Diatype, Formality level, Formality scale, Language register, Levels of Register, Lexicographical register, Linguistic register, Register (language), Register (socio-linguistics), Speech levels, Speech register.