120 relations: Abstract polytope, Algebraic expression, Alternation (geometry), Angle, Antiprism, Apeirogon, Apothem, Area, Branko Grünbaum, Carl Friedrich Gauss, Carlyle circle, Chiliagon, Circle, Circumscribed circle, Compass-and-straightedge construction, Concyclic points, Constructible number, Constructible polygon, Convex polygon, Convex polytope, Coprime integers, Coxeter–Dynkin diagram, Cube, Decagon, Decagram (geometry), Degeneracy (mathematics), Degree (angle), Deltahedron, Density (polytope), Diagonal, Digon, Dihedral group, Dihedral group of order 6, Disquisitiones Arithmeticae, Dodecagon, Dodecagram, Dodecahedron, Dual polygon, Edge (geometry), Enneadecagon, Enneagram (geometry), Equiangular polygon, Equilateral polygon, Equilateral triangle, Euclidean geometry, Euclidean tilings by convex regular polygons, Fermat number, Forum Geometricorum, Gaussian period, Greatest common divisor, ..., Greek mathematics, Harold Scott MacDonald Coxeter, Hectogon, Hendecagon, Hendecagram, Heptadecagon, Heptagon, Heptagram, Hexadecagon, Hexagon, Hexagram, Hypercube, Icosagon, Icosahedron, Incircle and excircles of a triangle, Internal and external angles, Isogonal figure, Isometry, Isotoxal figure, Johnson solid, Limit (mathematics), List of regular polytopes and compounds, Louis Poinsot, Maple (software), Megagon, Monogon, Myriagon, Necessity and sufficiency, Nonagon, Octadecagon, Octagon, Octagram, Octahedron, Parity (mathematics), Pentadecagon, Pentagon, Pentagram, Perimeter, Petrie polygon, Pierre Wantzel, Platonic solid, Point group, Polygon, Prime number, Quasiregular polyhedron, Reflection symmetry, Regular polyhedron, Regular polytope, Rotational symmetry, Schläfli symbol, Similarity (geometry), Simple polygon, Skew polygon, Square, Star polygon, Stellation, Symmetry group, Tangent half-angle formula, Tangential polygon, Tetradecagon, Tetrahedron, The College Mathematics Journal, Tridecagon, Trigonometric functions, Truncated icosahedron, Turn (geometry), Uniform polyhedron, Vertex (geometry), Viviani's theorem, Zonogon. Expand index (70 more) » « Shrink index
In mathematics, an abstract polytope is an algebraic partially ordered set or poset which captures the combinatorial properties of a traditional polytope, but not any purely geometric properties such as angles, edge lengths, etc.
In mathematics, an algebraic expression is an expression built up from integer constants, variables, and the algebraic operations (addition, subtraction, multiplication, division and exponentiation by an exponent that is a rational number).
In geometry, an alternation or partial truncation, is an operation on a polygon, polyhedron, tiling, or higher dimensional polytope that removes alternate vertices.
In plane geometry, an angle is the figure formed by two rays, called the sides of the angle, sharing a common endpoint, called the vertex of the angle.
In geometry, an n-sided antiprism is a polyhedron composed of two parallel copies of some particular n-sided polygon, connected by an alternating band of triangles.
In geometry, an apeirogon (from the Greek word ἄπειρος apeiros, "infinite, boundless" and γωνία gonia, "angle") is a generalized polygon with a countably infinite number of sides.
The apothem (sometimes abbreviated as apo) of a regular polygon is a line segment from the center to the midpoint of one of its sides.
Area is the quantity that expresses the extent of a two-dimensional figure or shape, or planar lamina, in the plane.
Branko Grünbaum (ברנקו גרונבאום; born 2 October 1929) is a Yugoslavian-born mathematician and a professor emeritus at the University of Washington in Seattle.
Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss (Gauß; Carolus Fridericus Gauss; 30 April 177723 February 1855) was a German mathematician and physicist who made significant contributions to many fields, including algebra, analysis, astronomy, differential geometry, electrostatics, geodesy, geophysics, magnetic fields, matrix theory, mechanics, number theory, optics and statistics.
In mathematics, a Carlyle circle (named for Thomas Carlyle) is a certain circle in a coordinate plane associated with a quadratic equation.
In geometry, a chiliagon or 1000-gon is a polygon with 1000 sides.
A circle is a simple closed shape.
In geometry, the circumscribed circle or circumcircle of a polygon is a circle which passes through all the vertices of the polygon.
Compass-and-straightedge construction, also known as ruler-and-compass construction or classical construction, is the construction of lengths, angles, and other geometric figures using only an idealized ruler and compass.
In geometry, a set of points are said to be concyclic (or cocyclic) if they lie on a common circle.
In geometry and algebra, a real number is constructible if and only if, given a line segment of unit length, a line segment of length || can be constructed with compass and straightedge in a finite number of steps.
In mathematics, a constructible polygon is a regular polygon that can be constructed with compass and straightedge.
A convex polygon is a simple polygon (not self-intersecting) in which no line segment between two points on the boundary ever goes outside the polygon.
A convex polytope is a special case of a polytope, having the additional property that it is also a convex set of points in the n-dimensional space Rn.
In number theory, two integers and are said to be relatively prime, mutually prime, or coprime (also written co-prime) if the only positive integer (factor) that divides both of them is 1.
In geometry, a Coxeter–Dynkin diagram (or Coxeter diagram, Coxeter graph) is a graph with numerically labeled edges (called branches) representing the spatial relations between a collection of mirrors (or reflecting hyperplanes).
In geometry, a cube is a three-dimensional solid object bounded by six square faces, facets or sides, with three meeting at each vertex.
In geometry, a decagon is a ten-sided polygon or 10-gon.
In geometry, a decagram is a 10-point star polygon.
In mathematics, a degenerate case is a limiting case in which an element of a class of objects is qualitatively different from the rest of the class and hence belongs to another, usually simpler, class.
A degree (in full, a degree of arc, arc degree, or arcdegree), usually denoted by ° (the degree symbol), is a measurement of a plane angle, defined so that a full rotation is 360 degrees.
In geometry, a deltahedron (plural deltahedra) is a polyhedron whose faces are all equilateral triangles.
In geometry, the density of a polytope represents the number of windings of a polytope, particularly a uniform or regular polytope, around its center.
In geometry, a diagonal is a line segment joining two vertices of a polygon or polyhedron, when those vertices are not on the same edge.
In geometry, a digon is a polygon with two sides (edges) and two vertices.
In mathematics, a dihedral group is the group of symmetries of a regular polygon, which includes rotations and reflections.
In mathematics, the smallest non-abelian group has 6 elements.
The Disquisitiones Arithmeticae (Latin for "Arithmetical Investigations") is a textbook of number theory written in Latin by Carl Friedrich Gauss in 1798 when Gauss was 21 and first published in 1801 when he was 24.
In geometry, a dodecagon or 12-gon is any twelve-sided polygon.
A dodecagram is a star polygon that has 12 vertices.
In geometry, a dodecahedron (Greek δωδεκάεδρον, from δώδεκα dōdeka "twelve" + ἕδρα hédra "base", "seat" or "face") is any polyhedron with twelve flat faces.
In geometry, polygons are associated into pairs called duals, where the vertices of one correspond to the edges of the other.
In geometry, an edge is a particular type of line segment joining two vertices in a polygon, polyhedron, or higher-dimensional polytope.
In geometry an enneadecagon or 19-gon is a nineteen-sided polygon.
In geometry, an enneagram is a nine-pointed plane figure.
In Euclidean geometry, an equiangular polygon is a polygon whose vertex angles are equal.
In geometry, three or more than three straight lines (or segment of a line) make a polygon and an equilateral polygon is a polygon which has all sides of the same length.
In geometry, an equilateral triangle is a triangle in which all three sides are equal.
Euclidean geometry is a mathematical system attributed to Alexandrian Greek mathematician Euclid, which he described in his textbook on geometry: the Elements.
Euclidean plane tilings by convex regular polygons have been widely used since antiquity.
In mathematics a Fermat number, named after Pierre de Fermat who first studied them, is a positive integer of the form where n is a nonnegative integer.
Forum Geometricorum: A Journal on Classical Euclidean Geometry (often abbreviated Forum Geom.) is a peer-reviewed open-access academic journal that specializes in mathematical research papers on Euclidean geometry.
In mathematics, in the area of number theory, a Gaussian period is a certain kind of sum of roots of unity.
In mathematics, the greatest common divisor (gcd) of two or more integers, which are not all zero, is the largest positive integer that divides each of the integers.
Greek mathematics refers to mathematics texts and advances written in Greek, developed from the 7th century BC to the 4th century AD around the shores of the Eastern Mediterranean.
Harold Scott MacDonald "Donald" Coxeter, FRS, FRSC, (February 9, 1907 – March 31, 2003) was a British-born Canadian geometer.
In geometry, a hectogon or hecatontagon or 100-gon is a hundred-sided polygon.
In geometry, a hendecagon (also undecagon or endecagon) or 11-gon is an eleven-sided polygon.
In geometry, a hendecagram (also endecagram or endekagram) is a star polygon that has eleven vertices.
In geometry, a heptadecagon or 17-gon is a seventeen-sided polygon.
In geometry, a heptagon is a seven-sided polygon or 7-gon.
A heptagram, septagram, septegram or septogram is a seven-point star drawn with seven straight strokes.
In mathematics, a hexadecagon (sometimes called a hexakaidecagon) or 16-gon is a sixteen-sided polygon.
In geometry, a hexagon (from Greek ἕξ hex, "six" and γωνία, gonía, "corner, angle") is a six-sided polygon or 6-gon.
A hexagram (Greek) or sexagram (Latin) is a six-pointed geometric star figure with the Schläfli symbol, 2, or.
In geometry, a hypercube is an ''n''-dimensional analogue of a square and a cube.
In geometry, an icosagon or 20-gon is a twenty-sided polygon.
In geometry, an icosahedron is a polyhedron with 20 faces.
In geometry, the incircle or inscribed circle of a triangle is the largest circle contained in the triangle; it touches (is tangent to) the three sides.
In geometry, an angle of a polygon is formed by two sides of the polygon that share an endpoint.
In geometry, a polytope (a polygon, polyhedron or tiling, for example) is isogonal or vertex-transitive if all its vertices are equivalent under the symmetries of the figure.
In mathematics, an isometry (or congruence, or congruent transformation) is a distance-preserving transformation between metric spaces, usually assumed to be bijective.
In geometry, a polytope (for example, a polygon or a polyhedron), or a tiling, is isotoxal or edge-transitive if its symmetries act transitively on its edges.
In geometry, a Johnson solid is a strictly convex polyhedron, which is not uniform (i.e., not a Platonic solid, Archimedean solid, prism, or antiprism), and each face of which is a regular polygon.
In mathematics, a limit is the value that a function (or sequence) "approaches" as the input (or index) "approaches" some value.
This page lists the regular polytopes and regular polytope compounds in Euclidean, spherical and hyperbolic spaces.
Louis Poinsot (3 January 1777 – 5 December 1859) was a French mathematician and physicist.
Maple is a symbolic and numeric computing environment, and is also a multi-paradigm programming language.
A megagon or 1 000 000-gon is a polygon with 1 million sides (mega-, from the Greek μέγας megas, meaning "great").
In geometry a monogon is a polygon with one edge and one vertex.
In geometry, a myriagon or 10000-gon is a polygon with 10000 sides.
In logic, necessity and sufficiency are terms used to describe an implicational relationship between statements.
In geometry, a nonagon or enneagon is a nine-sided polygon or 9-gon.
An octadecagon (or octakaidecagon) or 18-gon is an eighteen-sided polygon.
In geometry, an octagon (from the Greek ὀκτάγωνον oktágōnon, "eight angles") is an eight-sided polygon or 8-gon.
In geometry, an octagram is an eight-angled star polygon.
In geometry, an octahedron (plural: octahedra) is a polyhedron with eight faces, twelve edges, and six vertices.
In mathematics, parity is the property of an integer's inclusion in one of two categories: even or odd.
In geometry, a pentadecagon or pentakaidecagon or 15-gon is a fifteen-sided polygon.
In geometry, a pentagon (from the Greek πέντε pente and γωνία gonia, meaning five and angle) is any five-sided polygon or 5-gon.
A pentagram (sometimes known as a pentalpha or pentangle or a star pentagon) is the shape of a five-pointed star drawn with five straight strokes.
A perimeter is a path that surrounds a two-dimensional shape.
In geometry, a Petrie polygon for a regular polytope of n dimensions is a skew polygon in which every (n – 1) consecutive sides (but no n) belongs to one of the facets.
Pierre Laurent Wantzel (5 June 1814 in Paris – 21 May 1848 in Paris) was a French mathematician who proved that several ancient geometric problems were impossible to solve using only compass and straightedge.
In three-dimensional space, a Platonic solid is a regular, convex polyhedron.
In geometry, a point group is a group of geometric symmetries (isometries) that keep at least one point fixed.
In elementary geometry, a polygon is a plane figure that is bounded by a finite chain of straight line segments closing in a loop to form a closed polygonal chain or circuit.
A prime number (or a prime) is a natural number greater than 1 that cannot be formed by multiplying two smaller natural numbers.
In geometry, a quasiregular polyhedron is a semiregular polyhedron that has exactly two kinds of regular faces, which alternate around each vertex.
Reflection symmetry, line symmetry, mirror symmetry, mirror-image symmetry, is symmetry with respect to reflection.
A regular polyhedron is a polyhedron whose symmetry group acts transitively on its flags.
In mathematics, a regular polytope is a polytope whose symmetry group acts transitively on its flags, thus giving it the highest degree of symmetry.
Rotational symmetry, also known as radial symmetry in biology, is the property a shape has when it looks the same after some rotation by a partial turn.
In geometry, the Schläfli symbol is a notation of the form that defines regular polytopes and tessellations.
Two geometrical objects are called similar if they both have the same shape, or one has the same shape as the mirror image of the other.
In geometry a simple polygon is a flat shape consisting of straight, non-intersecting line segments or "sides" that are joined pair-wise to form a closed path.
In geometry, a skew polygon is a polygon whose vertices are not all coplanar.
In geometry, a square is a regular quadrilateral, which means that it has four equal sides and four equal angles (90-degree angles, or (100-gradian angles or right angles). It can also be defined as a rectangle in which two adjacent sides have equal length. A square with vertices ABCD would be denoted.
In geometry, a star polygon is a type of non-convex polygon.
In geometry, stellation is the process of extending a polygon in two dimensions, polyhedron in three dimensions, or, in general, a polytope in n dimensions to form a new figure.
In group theory, the symmetry group of an object (image, signal, etc.) is the group of all transformations under which the object is invariant with composition as the group operation.
In trigonometry, tangent half-angle formulas relate the tangent of half of an angle to trigonometric functions of the entire angle.
In Euclidean geometry, a tangential polygon, also known as a circumscribed polygon, is a convex polygon that contains an inscribed circle (also called an incircle).
In geometry, a tetradecagon or tetrakaidecagon or 14-gon is a fourteen-sided polygon.
In geometry, a tetrahedron (plural: tetrahedra or tetrahedrons), also known as a triangular pyramid, is a polyhedron composed of four triangular faces, six straight edges, and four vertex corners.
The College Mathematics Journal, published by the Mathematical Association of America, is an expository journal aimed at teachers of college mathematics, particular those teaching the first two years.
In geometry, a tridecagon or triskaidecagon or 13-gon is a thirteen-sided polygon.
In mathematics, the trigonometric functions (also called circular functions, angle functions or goniometric functions) are functions of an angle.
In geometry, the truncated icosahedron is an Archimedean solid, one of 13 convex isogonal nonprismatic solids whose faces are two or more types of regular polygons.
A turn is a unit of plane angle measurement equal to 2pi radians, 360 degrees or 400 gradians.
A uniform polyhedron is a polyhedron which has regular polygons as faces and is vertex-transitive (transitive on its vertices, isogonal, i.e. there is an isometry mapping any vertex onto any other).
In geometry, a vertex (plural: vertices or vertexes) is a point where two or more curves, lines, or edges meet.
Viviani's theorem, named after Vincenzo Viviani, states that the sum of the distances from any interior point to the sides of an equilateral triangle equals the length of the triangle's altitude.
In geometry, a zonogon is a centrally symmetric convex polygon.