250 relations: A26 autoroute, A34 autoroute, A4 autoroute, Abbey of Saint-Remi, Adalbero (archbishop of Reims), Adeline Hazan, Adeline Wuillème, Adolphe d'Archiac, Aisne, Alemanni, Alfred Jodl, André Maginot, Andrew Carnegie, Anointing, Apse, Arlington County, Virginia, Arsenal F.C., Art Deco, Artaldus, Attila, Augustus, Austria, Auto racing, Ay, Marne, Édouard Daladier, Émile Senart, Épernay, Bamako, Baptism, Basilica, Battle of Ivry, Battle of Reims, Biscuit rose de Reims, Blaise Diagne, Brimont, Canterbury, Canton of Reims-1, Canton of Reims-2, Canton of Reims-3, Canton of Reims-4, Canton of Reims-5, Canton of Reims-6, Canton of Reims-7, Canton of Reims-8, Canton of Reims-9, Capetian dynasty, Carloman I, Carnegie Library of Reims, Carolingian dynasty, Catholic League (French), ..., Catholic University of Leuven (1835–1968), Chalk, Champagne (province), Champagne (wine region), Champagne Riots, Charlemagne, Charles Letrosne, Charles the Simple, Charles VII of France, Charles X of France, Châlons-en-Champagne, Chenay, Marne, Choir, Chrism, City gate, Clovis I, Communauté urbaine du Grand Reims, Communes of France, Coronation, Culture theory, Czech Republic, Defensive wall, Departments of France, Diocese, Divine right of kings, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Fencing, FIFA World Cup, Flamboyant, Flemish people, Fly-in, Foil (fencing), Fort de la Pompelle, Fortification, Foujita Chapel, Franco-Prussian War, Frederuna, French Army, French Grand Prix, French Ministry for the Economy and Finance, French Revolution, French Wars of Religion, French wine, Fresco, Gabelle, Gallic Wars, Gallo-Roman culture, Gare de Champagne-Ardenne TGV, Gare de Reims, Gaul, Gauls, Georges Catroux, Gerberga of Saxony, German Army (German Empire), German military administration in occupied France during World War II, Germans, Gladiator, Glenn Curtiss, Gothic architecture, Grand Est, Grand Prix de la Marne, Grande Semaine d'Aviation de la Champagne, Guillaume de Machaut, Gustave Louis Jaulmes, Henri Giraud, Henri Marteau, Henry IV of France, Henry Vasnier, History of France, Holy Ampulla, Holy Spirit, Intellectual, Jacques Foccart, Japan, Jean Baudrillard, Jean Lévesque de Burigny, Jean Sainteny, Jean-Baptiste Colbert, Jean-Baptiste de La Salle, Jean-Baptiste Drouet, Comte d'Erlon, Jean-Marie Bockel, Joan of Arc, Jules de Saint-Pol, Julius Caesar, Karl Dönitz, Kutná Hora, Laon, Legion of Honour, Leslie Hore-Belisha, Liberal arts education, Ligue 1, List of Champagne houses, List of French monarchs, List of Marshals of France, List of Ministers of Overseas France, Lothair of France, Louis Archinard, Louis Blériot, Louis IV of France, Louis Paulhan, Louis the Pious, Louis VII of France, Louis XI of France, Louis XIII of France, Louis XIV of France, Louis XV of France, Mali, Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, Marie-Claire Jamet, Marne, Mars (mythology), Maurice Halbwachs, Maurice Pézard, Merolilan of Rheims, Minister of the Armed Forces (France), Model United Nations, Monastery, Nagoya, Napoleon, Nave, Nicasius of Rheims, Nicolas Bergier, Nicolas de Grigny, Nicolas Eugène Géruzez, Olivier Métra, Organist, Palace of Tau, Paleontology, Patrick Poivre d'Arvor, Patron saint, Paul Fort, Pauline Ferrand-Prévot, Pediment, Peer of the realm, Pepin the Short, Petit Larousse, Philip II of France, Pierre Messmer, Pope Leo III, Pope Stephen II, Pope Stephen IV, Pope Sylvester II, Porte Mars, Prefectures in France, President of Germany, Rama Yade, Regions of France, Reims Aviation, Reims à Toutes Jambes, Reims Cathedral, Reims tramway, Reims-Gueux, Remi, Republic of the Congo, Republicanism, Robert de Lenoncourt, Robert Pirès, Roger Caillois, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Reims, Roman Empire, Roman Republic, Roman roads, Saint Remigius, Sarcophagus, School of Paris, Sciences Po, Seat of local government, Sister city, Sixtus of Reims, Society of Jesus, Sociology, Soissons, Stade de Reims, Subprefectures in France, Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force, Tapestry, Temple protestant de Reims, The Republicans (France), Thomas-Marie-Joseph Gousset, Transept, Treaty of Troyes, Triumphal arch, Tsuguharu Foujita, UEFA Champions League, Unconditional surrender, UNESCO, University of Reims Champagne-Ardenne, Urban area (France), Vandals, Vesle, Via Agrippa, Villarreal CF, War of the Sixth Coalition, Wehrmacht, William of the White Hands, World Heritage site, World War I, World War II, Ypres, Ypres Cloth Hall. Expand index (200 more) » « Shrink index
The A26 is a long French motorway connecting Calais and Troyes.
Autoroute A34 is a toll free motorway in northeastern France, approximately long.
The A4 Autoroute, also known as autoroute de l'Est (English:Motorway of the East) is a French autoroute that travels between the cities of Paris and Strasbourg.
The Abbey of Saint-Remi is an abbey in Reims, France, founded in the sixth century.
Adalbero (French Adalberon; died 989) was the archbishop of Reims, chancellor of Kings Lothair and Louis V of France.
Adeline Hazan (born 21 January 1956 in Paris) is a French politician, who was one of the Members of the European Parliament for the east of France from 1999 to 2008, and mayor of Reims from March 2008 to April 2014.
Adeline Wuillème (born 8 December 1975 in Reims, Champagne-Ardenne), is a French foil fencer.
Étienne Jules Adolphe Desmier de Saint-Simon, Vicomte d'Archiac (24 September 180224 December 1868) was a French geologist and paleontologist.
Aisne is a French department in the Hauts-de-France region of northern France.
The Alemanni (also Alamanni; Suebi "Swabians") were a confederation of Germanic tribes on the Upper Rhine River.
Alfred Josef Ferdinand Jodl (10 May 1890 – 16 October 1946) was a German general during World War II, who served as the Chief of the Operations Staff of the Armed Forces High Command (Oberkommando der Wehrmacht).
André Maginot (17 February 1877 – 7 January 1932) was a French civil servant, soldier, and Member of Parliament.
Andrew Carnegie (but commonly or;MacKay, p. 29. November 25, 1835August 11, 1919) was a Scottish-American industrialist, business magnate, and philanthropist.
Anointing is the ritual act of pouring aromatic oil over a person's head or entire body.
In architecture, an apse (plural apses; from Latin absis: "arch, vault" from Greek ἀψίς apsis "arch"; sometimes written apsis, plural apsides) is a semicircular recess covered with a hemispherical vault or semi-dome, also known as an Exedra.
Arlington County is a county in the Commonwealth of Virginia, often referred to simply as Arlington or Arlington, Virginia.
Arsenal Football Club is a professional football club based in Islington, London, England, that plays in the Premier League, the top flight of English football.
Art Deco, sometimes referred to as Deco, is a style of visual arts, architecture and design that first appeared in France just before World War I. Art Deco influenced the design of buildings, furniture, jewelry, fashion, cars, movie theatres, trains, ocean liners, and everyday objects such as radios and vacuum cleaners.
Artaldus, also known as Arthaud, was a 13th-century Carthusian Bishop of Belley.
Attila (fl. circa 406–453), frequently called Attila the Hun, was the ruler of the Huns from 434 until his death in March 453.
Augustus (Augustus; 23 September 63 BC – 19 August 14 AD) was a Roman statesman and military leader who was the first Emperor of the Roman Empire, controlling Imperial Rome from 27 BC until his death in AD 14.
Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.
Auto racing (also known as car racing, motor racing, or automobile racing) is a motorsport involving the racing of automobiles for competition.
Ay (alternative spelling: Aÿ) is a former commune in the Marne department in northeastern France.
Édouard Daladier (18 June 1884 – 10 October 1970) was a French "radical" (i.e. centre-left) politician and the Prime Minister of France at the start of the Second World War.
Émile Charles Marie Senart (26 March 1847 – 21 February 1928) was a French Indologist.
Épernay is a commune in the Marne department in northern France.
Bamako is the capital and largest city of Mali, with a population of 1.8 million (2009 census, provisional).
Baptism (from the Greek noun βάπτισμα baptisma; see below) is a Christian sacrament of admission and adoption, almost invariably with the use of water, into Christianity.
A basilica is a type of building, usually a church, that is typically rectangular with a central nave and aisles, usually with a slightly raised platform and an apse at one or both ends.
The Battle of Ivry was fought on 14 March 1590, during the French Wars of Religion.
Battle of Reims (also Battle of Rheims) may refer to.
Biscuit rose de Reims (biscuits roses de Reims), is a pink biscuit found in French cuisine, made pink by the addition of carmine.
Blaise Diagne (13 October 1872 – 11 May 1934) was a Senegalese-French political leader and mayor of Dakar.
Brimont is a commune in the Marne department in northeastern France.
Canterbury is a historic English cathedral city and UNESCO World Heritage Site, which lies at the heart of the City of Canterbury, a local government district of Kent, England.
The canton of Reims-1 is an administrative division of the Marne department, northeastern France.
The canton of Reims-2 is an administrative division of the Marne department, northeastern France.
The canton of Reims-3 is an administrative division of the Marne department, northeastern France.
The canton of Reims-4 is an administrative division of the Marne department, northeastern France.
The canton of Reims-5 is an administrative division of the Marne department, northeastern France.
The canton of Reims-6 is an administrative division of the Marne department, northeastern France.
The canton of Reims-7 is an administrative division of the Marne department, northeastern France.
The canton of Reims-8 is an administrative division of the Marne department, northeastern France.
The canton of Reims-9 is an administrative division of the Marne department, northeastern France.
The Capetian dynasty, also known as the House of France, is a dynasty of Frankish origin, founded by Hugh Capet.
Carloman I, also Karlmann (28 June 751 – 4 December 771) was king of the Franks from 768 until his death in 771.
The Carnegie Library of Reims (Bibliothèque Carnegie de Reims) is a public library built with money donated by businessman and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie to the city of Reims after World War I. Reims was one of three "front-line" cities to be given a Carnegie library, the other two being Leuven and Belgrade (Belgrade University Library).
The Carolingian dynasty (known variously as the Carlovingians, Carolingus, Carolings or Karlings) was a Frankish noble family founded by Charles Martel with origins in the Arnulfing and Pippinid clans of the 7th century AD.
The Catholic League of France (Ligue catholique), sometimes referred to by contemporary (and modern) Catholics as the Holy League (La Sainte Ligue), was a major participant in the French Wars of Religion.
The Catholic University of Leuven (of Louvain in French, and historically in English), founded as the Catholic University of Mechelen in 1834 and transferred to the town of Leuven in 1835, was considered the largest, oldest and most prominent university in Belgium.
Chalk is a soft, white, porous, sedimentary carbonate rock, a form of limestone composed of the mineral calcite.
Champagne is a historical province in the northeast of France, now best known as the Champagne wine region for the sparkling white wine that bears its name.
The Champagne wine region (archaic Champany) is a wine region within the historical province of Champagne in the northeast of France.
The Champagne Riots of 1910 and 1911 resulted from a series of problems faced by grape growers in the Champagne area of France.
Charlemagne or Charles the Great (Karl der Große, Carlo Magno; 2 April 742 – 28 January 814), numbered Charles I, was King of the Franks from 768, King of the Lombards from 774, and Holy Roman Emperor from 800.
Charles Antoine Letrosne (5 April 1868 – 9 August 1939) was a French architect and writer known as the author of the influential three-volume Murs et toits pour le pays de chez nous (1923.
Charles III (17 September 879 – 7 October 929), called the Simple or the Straightforward (from the Latin Carolus Simplex), was the King of West Francia from 898 until 922 and the King of Lotharingia from 911 until 919–23.
Charles VII (22 February 1403 – 22 July 1461), called the Victorious (le Victorieux)Charles VII, King of France, Encyclopedia of the Hundred Years War, ed.
Charles X (Charles Philippe; 9 October 1757 – 6 November 1836) was King of France from 16 September 1824 until 2 August 1830.
Châlons-en-Champagne is a city in the Grand Est region of France.
Chenay is a commune in the Marne department in north-eastern France.
A choir (also known as a quire, chorale or chorus) is a musical ensemble of singers.
Chrism, also called myrrh, myron, holy anointing oil, and consecrated oil, is a consecrated oil used in the Anglican, Armenian, Assyrian, Catholic and Old Catholic, Eastern and Oriental Orthodox, and Nordic Lutheran Churches in the administration of certain sacraments and ecclesiastical functions.
A city gate is a gate which is, or was, set within a city wall.
Clovis (Chlodovechus; reconstructed Frankish: *Hlōdowig; 466 – 27 November 511) was the first king of the Franks to unite all of the Frankish tribes under one ruler, changing the form of leadership from a group of royal chieftains to rule by a single king and ensuring that the kingship was passed down to his heirs.
The Communauté urbaine du Grand Reims is the communauté urbaine, an intercommunal structure, centred on the city of Reims.
The commune is a level of administrative division in the French Republic.
A coronation is the act of placement or bestowal of a crown upon a monarch's head.
Culture theory is the branch of comparative anthropology and semiotics (not to be confused with cultural sociology or cultural studies) that seeks to define the heuristic concept of culture in operational and/or scientific terms.
The Czech Republic (Česká republika), also known by its short-form name Czechia (Česko), is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.
A defensive wall is a fortification usually used to protect a city, town or other settlement from potential aggressors.
In the administrative divisions of France, the department (département) is one of the three levels of government below the national level ("territorial collectivities"), between the administrative regions and the commune.
The word diocese is derived from the Greek term διοίκησις meaning "administration".
The divine right of kings, divine right, or God's mandate is a political and religious doctrine of royal and political legitimacy.
Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower (October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969) was an American army general and statesman who served as the 34th President of the United States from 1953 to 1961.
Fencing is a group of three related combat sports.
The FIFA World Cup, often simply called the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body.
Flamboyant (from French flamboyant, "flaming") is the name given to a florid style of late Gothic architecture in vogue in France from about 1350, until it was superseded by Renaissance architecture during the early 16th century.
The Flemish or Flemings are a Germanic ethnic group native to Flanders, in modern Belgium, who speak Dutch, especially any of its dialects spoken in historical Flanders, known collectively as Flemish Dutch.
A fly-in is a pre-arranged gathering of aircraft, pilots and passengers for recreational and social purposes.
A foil is one of the three weapons used in the sport of fencing, all of which are metal.
The Fort de la Pompelle, also known as Fort Herbillon, is one of a number of forts built around Reims after 1870 as part of a fortification belt in the Séré de Rivières system.
A fortification is a military construction or building designed for the defense of territories in warfare; and is also used to solidify rule in a region during peacetime.
The chapel of Our Lady Queen of Peace, or Foujita Chapel, was constructed in 1965-1966 at Reims, France.
The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War (Deutsch-Französischer Krieg, Guerre franco-allemande), often referred to in France as the War of 1870 (19 July 1871) or in Germany as 70/71, was a conflict between the Second French Empire of Napoleon III and the German states of the North German Confederation led by the Kingdom of Prussia.
Frederuna (or Frederonne) (Frédérune or Frérone) (887–917) was born in Goslar, Hanover to Dietrich Thodrich von Ringelheil, Duke of Saxony and his wife Gisela of Lotharingia.
The French Army, officially the Ground Army (Armée de terre) (to distinguish it from the French Air Force, Armée de L'air or Air Army) is the land-based and largest component of the French Armed Forces.
The French Grand Prix (Grand Prix de France), formerly known as the Grand Prix de l'ACF, is a auto race held as part of the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile's annual Formula One World Championship.
The French Ministry for the Economy and Finance (Ministère de l'économie et des finances), called the Finance Ministry for short and informally referred to as Bercy, is one of the most important ministries in the cabinet of France.
The French Revolution (Révolution française) was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies that lasted from 1789 until 1799.
The French Wars of Religion refers to a prolonged period of war and popular unrest between Roman Catholics and Huguenots (Reformed/Calvinist Protestants) in the Kingdom of France between 1562 and 1598.
French wine is produced all throughout France, in quantities between 50 and 60 million hectolitres per year, or 7–8 billion bottles.
Fresco (plural frescos or frescoes) is a technique of mural painting executed upon freshly laid, or wet lime plaster.
The gabelle was a very unpopular tax on salt in France that was established during the mid-14th century and lasted, with brief lapses and revisions, until 1946.
The Gallic Wars were a series of military campaigns waged by the Roman proconsul Julius Caesar against several Gallic tribes.
The term "Gallo-Roman" describes the Romanized culture of Gaul under the rule of the Roman Empire.
Champagne-Ardenne TGV is a railway station located in Bezannes, France that opened in 2007 along with the LGV Est, a high-speed rail line running from Paris to Strasbourg.
Gare de Reims is the main railway station in the city of Reims, Marne department, northern France.
Gaul (Latin: Gallia) was a region of Western Europe during the Iron Age that was inhabited by Celtic tribes, encompassing present day France, Luxembourg, Belgium, most of Switzerland, Northern Italy, as well as the parts of the Netherlands and Germany on the west bank of the Rhine.
The Gauls were Celtic people inhabiting Gaul in the Iron Age and the Roman period (roughly from the 5th century BC to the 5th century AD).
Georges Albert Julien Catroux (29 January 1877 – 21 December 1969) was a French Army general and diplomat who served in both World War I and World War II, and served as Grand Chancellor of the Légion d'honneur from 1954 to 1969.
Gerberga of Saxony (also Gerberga of France) (c. 913 – 5 May 968/9 or 984?) was Regent of France during the minority of her son in 954–959.
The Imperial German Army (Deutsches Heer) was the name given to the combined land and air forces of the German Empire (excluding the Marine-Fliegerabteilung maritime aviation formations of the Imperial German Navy).
The Military Administration in France (Militärverwaltung in Frankreich; Occupation de la France par l'Allemagne) was an interim occupation authority established by Nazi Germany during World War II to administer the occupied zone in areas of northern and western France.
Germans (Deutsche) are a Germanic ethnic group native to Central Europe, who share a common German ancestry, culture and history.
A gladiator (gladiator, "swordsman", from gladius, "sword") was an armed combatant who entertained audiences in the Roman Republic and Roman Empire in violent confrontations with other gladiators, wild animals, and condemned criminals.
Glenn Hammond Curtiss (May 21, 1878 – July 23, 1930) was an American aviation and motorcycling pioneer, and a founder of the U.S. aircraft industry.
Gothic architecture is an architectural style that flourished in Europe during the High and Late Middle Ages.
Grand Est (Great East, Großer Osten — both in the Alsatian and the Lorraine Franconian dialect), previously Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine (ACAL or less commonly, ALCA), is an administrative region in eastern France.
The Grand Prix de la Marne (commonly known as the Marne Grand Prix) was a motor race organized by the Automobile Club de Champagne and staged at the circuit Reims-Gueux on public roads located west of the city of Reims in the Marne département of north-eastern France.
The Grande Semaine d'Aviation de la Champagne was an aviation meet held near Reims in France during August 1909.
Guillaume de Machaut (sometimes spelled Machault; c. 1300 – April 1377) was a medieval French poet and composer.
Gustave Louis Jaulmes (14 April 1873 – 7 January 1959) was an eclectic French artist who followed the neoclassical trend in the Art Deco movement.
Henri Honoré Giraud (18 January 1879 – 11 March 1949) was a French general who was captured in both World Wars, but escaped both times.
Henri Marteau (March 31, 1874 – October 3, 1934) was a French violinist and composer.
Henry IV (Henri IV, read as Henri-Quatre; 13 December 1553 – 14 May 1610), also known by the epithet Good King Henry, was King of Navarre (as Henry III) from 1572 to 1610 and King of France from 1589 to 1610.
Painted by Paul Meslé. Henry Vasnier (1832–1907), was a famous art collector, partner and wine merchant.
The first written records for the history of France appeared in the Iron Age.
The Holy Ampulla or Holy Ampoule (Sainte Ampoule in French) was a glass vial which, from its first recorded use by Pope Innocent II for the anointing of Louis VII in 1131 to the coronation of Louis XVI in 1774, held the chrism or anointing oil for the coronation of the kings of France.
Holy Spirit (also called Holy Ghost) is a term found in English translations of the Bible that is understood differently among the Abrahamic religions.
An intellectual is a person who engages in critical thinking, research, and reflection about society and proposes solutions for its normative problems.
Jacques Foccart (31 August 1913 – 19 March 1997) was a chief adviser for the government of France on African policy as well as the co-founder of the Gaullist Service d'Action Civique (SAC) in 1959 with Charles Pasqua, which specialized in covert operations in Africa.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
Jean Baudrillard (27 July 1929 – 6 March 2007) was a French sociologist, philosopher, cultural theorist, political commentator, and photographer.
Jean Lévesque de Burigny (1692 in Reims, France – 1785 in Paris) was a historian, who in 1713, with his brothers, Champeaux and Lévesque de Pouilly, he began to compile a dictionary of universal knowledge, similar to an encyclopedia, which comprised twelve large manuscript folios, and afforded Burigny ample material for his subsequent works.
Jean Sainteny or Jean Roger (29 May 1907, Vésinet – 25 February 1978) was a French politician who was sent to Vietnam after the end of the Second World War in order to accept the surrender of the Japanese forces and to attempt to reincorporate Vietnam into French Indochina.
Jean-Baptiste Colbert (29 August 1619 – 6 September 1683) was a French politician who served as the Minister of Finances of France from 1665 to 1683 under the rule of King Louis XIV.
Saint John-Baptiste de la Salle (April 30, 1651 – April 7, 1719) was a French priest, educational reformer, and founder of the Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools.
Jean-Baptiste Drouet, Comte d'Erlon (29 July 176525 January 1844) was a marshal of France and a soldier in Napoleon's Army.
Jean-Marie Bockel (born 22 June 1950) was Secretary of State for Defence and Veterans in the government of Prime Minister François Fillon appointed on 18 March 2008, having previously been Secretary of State for Cooperation and La Francophonie since June 2007.
Joan of Arc (Jeanne d'Arc; 6 January c. 1412Modern biographical summaries often assert a birthdate of 6 January for Joan, which is based on a letter from Lord Perceval de Boulainvilliers on 21 July 1429 (see Pernoud's Joan of Arc By Herself and Her Witnesses, p. 98: "Boulainvilliers tells of her birth in Domrémy, and it is he who gives us an exact date, which may be the true one, saying that she was born on the night of Epiphany, 6 January"). – 30 May 1431), nicknamed "The Maid of Orléans" (La Pucelle d'Orléans), is considered a heroine of France for her role during the Lancastrian phase of the Hundred Years' War and was canonized as a Roman Catholic saint.
Jules de Saint-Pol (16 December 1810 – 8 September 1855) was a French general.
Gaius Julius Caesar (12 or 13 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC), known by his cognomen Julius Caesar, was a Roman politician and military general who played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire.
Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz (sometimes spelled Doenitz;; 16 September 1891 24 December 1980) was a German admiral who played a major role in the naval history of World War II.
Kutná Hora (medieval Czech: Hory Kutné; Kuttenberg) is a city situated in the Central Bohemian Region of Bohemia, which is now part of the Czech Republic.
Laon is the capital city of the Aisne department in Hauts-de-France, northern France.
The Legion of Honour, with its full name National Order of the Legion of Honour (Ordre national de la Légion d'honneur), is the highest French order of merit for military and civil merits, established in 1802 by Napoléon Bonaparte and retained by all the divergent governments and regimes later holding power in France, up to the present.
Leslie Hore-Belisha, 1st Baron Hore-Belisha, PC (7 September 1893 – 16 February 1957) was a British Liberal, then National Liberal Member of Parliament (MP) and Cabinet Minister.
Liberal arts education (from Latin "free" and "art or principled practice") can claim to be the oldest programme of higher education in Western history.
Ligue 1, also called Ligue 1 Conforama for sponsorship reasons with Conforama, is a French professional league for men's association football clubs.
The listing below comprises some of the more prominent houses of Champagne.
The monarchs of the Kingdom of France and its predecessors (and successor monarchies) ruled from the establishment of the Kingdom of the Franks in 486 until the fall of the Second French Empire in 1870, with several interruptions.
Marshal of France (Maréchal de France, plural Maréchaux de France) is a French military distinction, rather than a military rank, that is awarded to generals for exceptional achievements.
The following is a list of ministers of Overseas France.
Lothair (Lothaire; Lothārius; 941 – 2 March 986), sometimes called Lothair III or Lothair IV, was the Carolingian king of West Francia from 10 September 954 until his death in 986.
Louis Archinard (11 February 1850 – 8 May 1932) was a French Army general at the time of the Third Republic, who contributed to the colonial conquest of French West Africa.
Louis Charles Joseph Blériot (1 July 1872 – 1 August 1936) was a French aviator, inventor and engineer.
Louis IV (September 920 / September 921 – 10 September 954), called d'Outremer or Transmarinus (both meaning "from overseas"), reigned as king of West Francia from 936 to 954.
Isidore Auguste Marie Louis Paulhan, known as Louis Paulhan (19 July 1883 – 10 February 1963), was a pioneering French aviator.
Louis the Pious (778 – 20 June 840), also called the Fair, and the Debonaire, was the King of the Franks and co-Emperor (as Louis I) with his father, Charlemagne, from 813.
Louis VII (called the Younger or the Young; Louis le Jeune; 1120 – 18 September 1180) was King of the Franks from 1137 until his death.
Louis XI (3 July 1423 – 30 August 1483), called "Louis the Prudent" (le Prudent), was a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 1461 to 1483.
Louis XIII (27 September 1601 – 14 May 1643) was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France from 1610 to 1643 and King of Navarre (as Louis II) from 1610 to 1620, when the crown of Navarre was merged with the French crown.
Louis XIV (Louis Dieudonné; 5 September 16381 September 1715), known as Louis the Great (Louis le Grand) or the Sun King (Roi Soleil), was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who reigned as King of France from 1643 until his death in 1715.
Louis XV (15 February 1710 – 10 May 1774), known as Louis the Beloved, was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France from 1 September 1715 until his death in 1774.
Mali, officially the Republic of Mali (République du Mali), is a landlocked country in West Africa, a region geologically identified with the West African Craton.
Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa (64/62 BC – 12 BC) was a Roman consul, statesman, general and architect.
Marie-Claire Jamet (born 27 November 1933 in Reims) is a French classical harpist.
Marne is a department in north-eastern France named after the river Marne (Matrona in Roman times) which flows through the department.
In ancient Roman religion and myth, Mars (Mārs) was the god of war and also an agricultural guardian, a combination characteristic of early Rome.
Maurice Halbwachs (11 March 1877 – 16 March 1945) was a French philosopher and sociologist known for developing the concept of collective memory.
Maurice Pézard (27 May 1876, Reims – 7 October 1923, Ceyzériat) was a French archaeologist and assyriologist.
Merolilan of Rheims was an Irish Christian martyr and saint who lived in the 8th century.
The Ministry of the Armed Forces (Ministre des Armées) is the French cabinet member charged with running the French Armed Forces.
Model United Nations, also known as Model UN or MUN, is an educational simulation and/or academic activity in which students can learn about diplomacy, international relations, and the United Nations.
A monastery is a building or complex of buildings comprising the domestic quarters and workplaces of monastics, monks or nuns, whether living in communities or alone (hermits).
is the largest city in the Chūbu region of Japan.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
The nave is the central aisle of a basilica church, or the main body of a church (whether aisled or not) between its rear wall and the far end of its intersection with the transept at the chancel.
Saint Nicasius or Nicaise of Rheims (Saint-Nicaise; d. 407 or 451) was a bishop of Rheims.
thumb Nicolas Bergier, Avocat au Siège Présidial de Rheims, lived in 17th-century Rheims and became interested in Roman roads there.
Nicolas de Grigny (baptized September 8, 1672 – November 30, 1703) was a French organist and composer.
Nicolas Eugène Géruzez (6 January 1799 – 29 May 1865), was a French critic.
Jules-Louis-Olivier Métra (2 June 1830 – 22 October 1889, was a 19th-century French composer and conductor.
An organist is a musician who plays any type of organ.
The Palace of Tau (Palais du Tau) in Reims, France, was the palace of the Archbishop of Reims.
Paleontology or palaeontology is the scientific study of life that existed prior to, and sometimes including, the start of the Holocene Epoch (roughly 11,700 years before present).
Patrick Poivre d'Arvor (20 September 1947) is a French TV journalist and writer.
A patron saint, patroness saint, patron hallow or heavenly protector is a saint who in Roman Catholicism, Anglicanism, Eastern Orthodoxy, or particular branches of Islam, is regarded as the heavenly advocate of a nation, place, craft, activity, class, clan, family or person.
Paul Fort (1 February 1872 – 20 April 1960) was a French poet associated with the Symbolist movement.
Pauline Ferrand-Prévot (born 10 February 1992) is a French multi-discipline bicycle racer who competes in road, cyclo-cross and cross-country mountain biking.
A pediment is an architectural element found particularly in classical, neoclassical and baroque architecture, and its derivatives, consisting of a gable, usually of a triangular shape, placed above the horizontal structure of the entablature, typically supported by columns.
A Peer of the Realm is a member of the highest aristocratic social order, outside the ruling dynasty of the kingdom.
Pepin the Short (Pippin der Kurze, Pépin le Bref, c. 714 – 24 September 768) was the King of the Franks from 751 until his death.
Le Petit Larousse Illustré, commonly known simply as Le Petit Larousse, is a French-language encyclopedic dictionary published by Éditions Larousse.
Philip II, known as Philip Augustus (Philippe Auguste; 21 August 1165 – 14 July 1223), was King of France from 1180 to 1223, a member of the House of Capet.
Pierre Joseph Auguste Messmer (20 March 191629 August 2007) was a French Gaullist politician.
Pope Saint Leo III (Leo; 12 June 816) was pope from 26 December 795 to his death in 816.
Pope Stephen II (Stephanus II (or III); 714-26 April 757 a Roman aristocrat was Pope from 26 March 752 to his death in 757. He succeeded Pope Zachary following the death of Pope-elect Stephen (sometimes called Stephen II). Stephen II marks the historical delineation between the Byzantine Papacy and the Frankish Papacy. The safety of Rome was facing invasion by the Kingdom of the Lombards. Pope Stephen II traveled all the way to Paris to seek assistance against the Lombard threat from Pepin the Short. Pepin had been anointed a first time in 751 in Soissons by Boniface, archbishop of Mainz, but named his price. With the Frankish nobles agreeing to campaign in Lombardy, the Pope consecrated Pepin a second time in a lavish ceremony at the Basilica of St Denis in 754, bestowing upon him the additional title of Patricius Romanorum (Latin for "Patrician of the Romans") in the first recorded crowning of a civil ruler by a Pope. Pepin defeated the Lombards – taking control of northern Italy – and made a gift (called the Donation of Pepin) of the properties formerly constituting the Exarchate of Ravenna to the pope, eventually leading to the establishment of the Papal States.
Pope Stephen IV (Stephanus IV; c. 770 – 24 January 817) was Pope from June 816 to his death in 817.
Pope Sylvester II or Silvester II (– 12 May 1003) was Pope from 2 April 999 to his death in 1003.
Porte de Mars is an ancient Roman triumphal arch in Reims, France.
A prefecture (préfecture) in France may refer to.
The President of Germany, officially the Federal President of the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundespräsident der Bundesrepublik Deutschland),The official title within Germany is Bundespräsident, with der Bundesrepublik Deutschland being added in international correspondence; the official English title is President of the Federal Republic of Germany is the head of state of Germany.
Rama Yade (born Mame Ramatoulaye Yade; 13 December 1976) is a Senegalese-born French politician and the author of several books.
France is divided into 18 administrative regions (région), including 13 metropolitan regions and 5 overseas regions.
Reims Aviation Industries was a French aircraft manufacturer located in the city of Reims, most recently producing the F406 Caravan II.
Reims à Toutes Jambes (English: Reims at Full Speed) is an annual road running event held in Reims, France in the month of October.
Reims Cathedral (Our Lady of Reims, Notre-Dame de Reims) is a Roman Catholic church in Reims, France, built in the High Gothic style.
Reims tramway (Tramway de Reims) is a tram system in the French city of Reims, which opened in April 2011.
The circuit Reims-Gueux was a Grand Prix motor racing road course, located in Gueux, 7.5 km west of Reims in the Champagne region of north-eastern France, established in 1926 as the second venue of the Grand Prix de la Marne.
The Remi were a Belgic people of north-eastern Gaul (Gallia Belgica).
The Republic of the Congo (République du Congo), also known as the Congo-Brazzaville, the Congo Republic or simply the Congo, is a country in Central Africa.
Republicanism is an ideology centered on citizenship in a state organized as a republic under which the people hold popular sovereignty.
Robert de Lenoncourt (1485?; – 4 February, 1561) was a French bishop, Cardinal, and diplomat.
Robert Emmanuel Pirès (born 29 October 1973) is a French football coach and former professional player.
Roger Caillois (3 March 1913 – 21 December 1978) was a French intellectual whose idiosyncratic work brought together literary criticism, sociology, and philosophy by focusing on diverse subjects such as games, play as well as the sacred.
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Reims (Archidioecesis Remensis; French: Archidiocèse de Reims) is an archdiocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church in France.
The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
The Roman Republic (Res publica Romana) was the era of classical Roman civilization beginning with the overthrow of the Roman Kingdom, traditionally dated to 509 BC, and ending in 27 BC with the establishment of the Roman Empire.
Roman roads (Latin: viae Romanae; singular: via Romana meaning "Roman way") were physical infrastructure vital to the maintenance and development of the Roman state, and were built from about 300 BC through the expansion and consolidation of the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire.
Saint Remigius, Remy or Remi, (Saint Rémi or Saint Rémy; Remigio; Remigio; Romieg; Remigiusz; Remig and Remigijus), was Bishop of Reims and Apostle of the Franks, (437 – January 13, AD 533).
A sarcophagus (plural, sarcophagi) is a box-like funeral receptacle for a corpse, most commonly carved in stone, and usually displayed above ground, though it may also be buried.
School of Paris (École de Paris) refers to the French and émigré artists who worked in Paris in the first half of the 20th century.
The Paris Institute of Political Studies (Institut d'études politiques de Paris), commonly referred as Sciences Po, is a highly selective French university (legally a grande école).
In local government, a city hall, town hall, civic centre, (in the UK or Australia) a guildhall, a Rathaus (German), or (more rarely) a municipal building, is the chief administrative building of a city, town, or other municipality.
Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.
Saint Sixtus of Reims (Sixte de Reims) (died c. 300) is considered the first bishop of Reims.
The Society of Jesus (SJ – from Societas Iesu) is a scholarly religious congregation of the Catholic Church which originated in sixteenth-century Spain.
Sociology is the scientific study of society, patterns of social relationships, social interaction, and culture.
Soissons is a commune in the northern French department of Aisne, in the region of Hauts-de-France.
Stade de Reims (commonly referred to as Stade Reims or simply Reims) is a French association football club based in Reims.
In France, a subprefecture (sous-préfecture) is the administrative center of a departmental arrondissement that does not contain the prefecture for its department.
Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF) was the headquarters of the Commander of Allied forces in north west Europe, from late 1943 until the end of World War II.
Tapestry is a form of textile art, traditionally woven on a vertical loom.
The Temple protestant de Reims (Protestant Temple of Reims) is a large Protestant church in Reims, France.
The Republicans (Les Républicains; LR) is a centre-right political party in France.
Thomas-Marie-Joseph Gousset (born at Montigny-lès-Charlieu, a village of Franche-Comté, in 1792; died at Reims in 1866) was a French cardinal and theologian.
A transept (with two semitransepts) is a transverse part of any building, which lies across the main body of the edifice.
The Treaty of Troyes was an agreement that King Henry V of England and his heirs would inherit the French crown upon the death of King Charles VI of France.
A triumphal arch is a monumental structure in the shape of an archway with one or more arched passageways, often designed to span a road.
was a Japanese–French painter and printmaker born in Tokyo, Japan, who applied Japanese ink techniques to Western style paintings.
The UEFA Champions League is an annual continental club football competition organised by the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) and contested by top-division European clubs.
An unconditional surrender is a surrender in which no guarantees are given to the surrendering party.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
The University of Reims Champagne-Ardenne (also University of Reims; French: Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne, URCA) is a French university, in the Academy of Reims.
An aire urbaine (literal and official translation: "urban area") is an INSEE (France's national statistics bureau) statistical concept describing a core of urban development and the extent of its commuter activity.
The Vandals were a large East Germanic tribe or group of tribes that first appear in history inhabiting present-day southern Poland.
The Vesle is the river on which the city of Reims stands.
Via Agrippa, is any stretch of the network of Roman roads in Gaul that was built by Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, to whom Octavian entrusted the reorganization of the Gauls.
Villarreal Club de Fútbol, S.A.D. (S.A.D.), usually abbreviated to Villarreal CF or just Villarreal, is a Spanish football club based in Villarreal, a city in the province of Castellón within the Valencian Community.
In the War of the Sixth Coalition (March 1813 – May 1814), sometimes known in Germany as the War of Liberation, a coalition of Austria, Prussia, Russia, the United Kingdom, Portugal, Sweden, Spain and a number of German states finally defeated France and drove Napoleon into exile on Elba.
The Wehrmacht (lit. "defence force")From wehren, "to defend" and Macht., "power, force".
William of the White Hands (Guillaume aux Blanches Mains; 1135–1202), also called William White Hands, was a French cardinal.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Ypres (Ieper) is a Belgian municipality in the province of West Flanders.
The Cloth Hall (Lakenhal/Lakenhalle) is a large cloth hall, a medieval commercial building, in Ypres, Belgium.