150 relations: Aerial photography, Airborne Real-time Cueing Hyperspectral Enhanced Reconnaissance, Altimeter, Amazon basin, Ames Research Center, Atmosphere, Atmospheric correction, Autodesk, Cartography, Charge-coupled device, CLidar, Climate change, Coastal management, Cognition Network Technology, Cold War, Competence (human resources), Crateology, Death Valley, Deforestation, Depth sounding, Desertification, Digital elevation model, Digital image processing, Doppler radar, Douglas B-66 Destroyer, Dragon (remote sensing), Earth observation satellite, Earth Observing System, Earth science, Earthquake, Educational technology, El Niño, Electromagnetic radiation, Electromagnetic spectrum, Emission spectrum, ESL Incorporated, Esri, European Geosciences Union, Fourier transform, Full spectral imaging, Geodesy, Geographic information system, Geography, Geoinformatics, Geophysical survey, Georeferencing, GIS and hydrology, Glacier, Global Positioning System, Google Earth, ..., GRASS GIS, Gravimetry, Gravitational field, Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment, Grumman OV-1 Mohawk, GTE, Hexagon AB, Hyperspectral imaging, IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Society, Ikonos, ILWIS, Imagery analysis, Imaging radar, Imaging science, Inertial navigation system, Infrared, Interferometric synthetic-aperture radar, Intergraph, Ionosphere, Journal of Applied Remote Sensing, Knowledge gap hypothesis, Land cover, Landsat program, Learning management system, Lidar, Light table, Liquid crystal tunable filter, List of Earth observation satellites, Lockheed P-38 Lightning, Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird, Lockheed U-2, Lossless compression, Magellan (spacecraft), MapInfo Professional, McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II, Microform, Mobile mapping, Multispectral pattern recognition, Nadar, National Center for Remote Sensing, Air and Space Law, National lidar dataset, Natural disaster, Natural resource management, Nicola Masini, Nimbus program, Noise, North American A-5 Vigilante, North American P-51 Mustang, Ocean, OCR-B, Opticks (software), Orfeo toolbox, Orthophoto, PCI Geomatica, Photography, Photometer, Pictometry, Pixel, Plasma (physics), Polarimetry, QGIS, Radar, Radar altimeter, RADARSAT, Radiometer, Radiometry, RapidEye, Raster graphics, Remote monitoring and control, Remote sensing (archaeology), Remote sensing application, Remote sensing satellite and data overview, RemoteView, Satellite imagery, Satellite navigation, Seismometer, Silicon Valley, Solar and Heliospheric Observatory, Solar wind, Sonar, Space probe, Stereoscopy, Sun, Sunlight, TerraSAR-X, TerrSet, Thermodynamics, TNTmips, TopoFlight, Topographic map, Trimble (company), Ultrasound, Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite, Vector Map, Venus, Wave propagation, Weather forecasting, Weather radar, Weather satellite, World War I. Expand index (100 more) » « Shrink index
Aerial photography (or airborne imagery) is the taking of photographs from an aircraft or other flying object.
Airborne Real-time Cueing Hyperspectral Enhanced Reconnaissance, also known by the acronym ARCHER, is an aerial imaging system that produces ground images far more detailed than plain sight or ordinary aerial photography can.
An altimeter or an altitude meter is an instrument used to measure the altitude of an object above a fixed level.
The Amazon basin is the part of South America drained by the Amazon River and its tributaries.
Ames Research Center (ARC), also known as NASA Ames, is a major NASA research center at Moffett Federal Airfield in California's Silicon Valley.
An atmosphere is a layer or a set of layers of gases surrounding a planet or other material body, that is held in place by the gravity of that body.
Atmospheric correction is the process of removing the effects of the atmosphere on the reflectance values of images taken by satellite or airborne sensors.
Autodesk, Inc. is an American multinational software corporation that makes software for the architecture, engineering, construction, manufacturing, media, and entertainment industries.
Cartography (from Greek χάρτης chartēs, "papyrus, sheet of paper, map"; and γράφειν graphein, "write") is the study and practice of making maps.
A charge-coupled device (CCD) is a device for the movement of electrical charge, usually from within the device to an area where the charge can be manipulated, for example conversion into a digital value.
The CLidar is a scientific instrument used for measuring particulates (aerosols) in the lower atmosphere.
Climate change is a change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns when that change lasts for an extended period of time (i.e., decades to millions of years).
Coastal management is defence against flooding and erosion, and techniques that stop erosion to claim lands.
Cognition Network Technology (CNT, also known as Definiens Cognition Network Technology) is an object-based image analysis method developed by Nobel laureate Gerd Binnig together with a team of researchers at Definiens AG in Munich, Germany.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
Competence is the ability of an individual to do a job properly.
Crateology was the 'science' of identifying the contents of Soviet shipments to the Island of Cuba carried out by the Central Intelligence Agency during the Cuban Missile Crisis.
Death Valley is a desert valley located in Eastern California, in the northern Mojave Desert bordering the Great Basin Desert.
Deforestation, clearance, or clearing is the removal of a forest or stand of trees where the land is thereafter converted to a non-forest use.
Depth sounding refers to the act of measuring depth.
Desertification is a type of land degradation in which a relatively dry area of land becomes increasingly arid, typically losing its bodies of water as well as vegetation and wildlife.
A digital elevation model (DEM) is a 3D CG representation of a terrain's surface – commonly of a planet (e.g. Earth), moon, or asteroid – created from a terrain's elevation data.
In computer science, Digital image processing is the use of computer algorithms to perform image processing on digital images.
A Doppler radar is a specialized radar that uses the Doppler effect to produce velocity data about objects at a distance.
The Douglas B-66 Destroyer was a United States Air Force light bomber based on the U.S. Navy's A-3 Skywarrior carrier-based heavy attack aircraft.
Dragon refers to any of several remote sensing image processing software packages.
Earth observation satellites are satellites specifically designed for Earth observation from orbit, similar to spy satellites but intended for non-military uses such as environmental monitoring, meteorology, map making etc.
The Earth Observing System (EOS) is a program of NASA comprising a series of artificial satellite missions and scientific instruments in Earth orbit designed for long-term global observations of the land surface, biosphere, atmosphere, and oceans of the Earth.
Earth science or geoscience is a widely embraced term for the fields of natural science related to the planet Earth.
An earthquake (also known as a quake, tremor or temblor) is the shaking of the surface of the Earth, resulting from the sudden release of energy in the Earth's lithosphere that creates seismic waves.
Educational technology is "the study and ethical practice of facilitating learning and improving performance by creating, using, and managing appropriate technological processes and resources".
El Niño is the warm phase of the El Niño Southern Oscillation (commonly called ENSO) and is associated with a band of warm ocean water that develops in the central and east-central equatorial Pacific (between approximately the International Date Line and 120°W), including off the Pacific coast of South America.
In physics, electromagnetic radiation (EM radiation or EMR) refers to the waves (or their quanta, photons) of the electromagnetic field, propagating (radiating) through space-time, carrying electromagnetic radiant energy.
The electromagnetic spectrum is the range of frequencies (the spectrum) of electromagnetic radiation and their respective wavelengths and photon energies.
The emission spectrum of a chemical element or chemical compound is the spectrum of frequencies of electromagnetic radiation emitted due to an atom or molecule making a transition from a high energy state to a lower energy state.
ESL Incorporated, or Electromagnetic Systems Laboratory, was a subsidiary of TRW, a high technology firm in the United States that was engaged in software design, systems analysis and hardware development for the strategic reconnaissance marketplace.
Esri (a.k.a. Environmental Systems Research Institute) is an international supplier of geographic information system (GIS) software, web GIS and geodatabase management applications.
The European Geosciences Union (EGU) is a non-profit international union in the fields of Earth, planetary, and space sciences.
The Fourier transform (FT) decomposes a function of time (a signal) into the frequencies that make it up, in a way similar to how a musical chord can be expressed as the frequencies (or pitches) of its constituent notes.
Full spectral imaging is a form of Imaging spectroscopy and is the successor to Hyperspectral imaging.
Geodesy, also known as geodetics, is the earth science of accurately measuring and understanding three of Earth's fundamental properties: its geometric shape, orientation in space, and gravitational field.
A geographic information system (GIS) is a system designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and present spatial or geographic data.
Geography (from Greek γεωγραφία, geographia, literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, the features, the inhabitants, and the phenomena of Earth.
Geoinformatics is the science and the technology which develops and uses information science infrastructure to address the problems of geography, cartography, geosciences and related branches of science and engineering.
Geophysical survey is the systematic collection of geophysical data for spatial studies.
Georeferencing means that the internal coordinate system of a map or aerial photo image can be related to a ground system of geographic coordinates.
Geographic information systems (GISs) have become a useful and important tool in the field of hydrology to study and manage Earth's water resources.
A glacier is a persistent body of dense ice that is constantly moving under its own weight; it forms where the accumulation of snow exceeds its ablation (melting and sublimation) over many years, often centuries.
The Global Positioning System (GPS), originally Navstar GPS, is a satellite-based radionavigation system owned by the United States government and operated by the United States Air Force.
Google Earth is a computer program that renders a 3D representation of Earth based on satellite imagery.
Geographic Resources Analysis Support System (commonly termed GRASS GIS) is a geographic information system (GIS) software suite used for geospatial data management and analysis, image processing, producing graphics and maps, spatial and temporal modeling, and visualizing.
Gravimetry is the measurement of the strength of a gravitational field.
In physics, a gravitational field is a model used to explain the influence that a massive body extends into the space around itself, producing a force on another massive body.
The Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) was a joint mission of NASA and the German Aerospace Center.
The Grumman OV-1 Mohawk was an armed military observation and attack aircraft, designed for battlefield surveillance and light strike capabilities.
GTE Corporation, formerly General Telephone & Electronics Corporation (1955–1982), was the largest independent telephone company in the United States during the days of the Bell System.
Hexagon AB is a global technology group headquartered in Sweden.
Hyperspectral imaging, like other spectral imaging, collects and processes information from across the electromagnetic spectrum.
The IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Society (GRSS) is a professional society of the IEEE, active in the fields of geoscience and remote sensing.
IKONOS is a commercial Earth observation satellite, and was the first to collect publicly available high-resolution imagery at 1- and 4-meter resolution.
Integrated Land and Water Information System (ILWIS) is a geographic information system (GIS) and remote sensing software for both vector and raster processing.
Imagery analysis is the extraction of useful information from bi-dimensional graphic formats.
Imaging radar is an application of radar which is used to create two-dimensional images, typically of landscapes.
Imaging science is a multidisciplinary field concerned with the generation, collection, duplication, analysis, modification, and visualization of images,Joseph P. Hornak, Encyclopedia of Imaging Science and Technology (John Wiley & Sons, 2002) including imaging things that the human eye cannot detect.
An inertial navigation system (INS) is a navigation aid that uses a computer, motion sensors (accelerometers), rotation sensors (gyroscopes), and occasionally magnetic sensors (magnetometers) to continuously calculate by dead reckoning the position, the orientation, and the velocity (direction and speed of movement) of a moving object without the need for external references.
Infrared radiation (IR) is electromagnetic radiation (EMR) with longer wavelengths than those of visible light, and is therefore generally invisible to the human eye (although IR at wavelengths up to 1050 nm from specially pulsed lasers can be seen by humans under certain conditions). It is sometimes called infrared light.
Interferometric synthetic aperture radar, abbreviated InSAR (or deprecated IfSAR), is a radar technique used in geodesy and remote sensing.
Intergraph Corporation is an American software development and services company.
The ionosphere is the ionized part of Earth's upper atmosphere, from about to altitude, a region that includes the thermosphere and parts of the mesosphere and exosphere.
The Journal of Applied Remote Sensing is a peer-reviewed open access scientific journal published by SPIE.
The knowledge gap hypothesis explains that knowledge, like other forms of wealth, is often differentially distributed throughout a social system.
Land cover is the physical material at the surface of the earth.
The Landsat program is the longest-running enterprise for acquisition of satellite imagery of Earth.
A learning management system (LMS) is a software application for the administration, documentation, tracking, reporting and delivery of educational courses or training programs.
Lidar (also called LIDAR, LiDAR, and LADAR) is a surveying method that measures distance to a target by illuminating the target with pulsed laser light and measuring the reflected pulses with a sensor.
A light table is a viewing device that is used to review photographic film or artwork placed on top of it.
Liquid crystal tunable filters (LCTFs) are optical filters that use electronically controlled liquid crystal (LC) elements to transmit a selectable wavelength of light and exclude others.
Partial list of Earth observation satellites by series/program.
The Lockheed P-38 Lightning is a World War II-era American piston-engined fighter aircraft.
The Lockheed SR-71 "Blackbird" is a long-range, Mach 3+ strategic reconnaissance aircraft that was operated by the United States Air Force.
The Lockheed U-2, nicknamed "Dragon Lady", is an American single-jet engine, ultra-high altitude reconnaissance aircraft operated by the United States Air Force (USAF) and previously flown by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
Lossless compression is a class of data compression algorithms that allows the original data to be perfectly reconstructed from the compressed data.
The Magellan spacecraft, also referred to as the Venus Radar Mapper, was a robotic space probe launched by NASA of the United States, on May 4, 1989, to map the surface of Venus by using synthetic aperture radar and to measure the planetary gravitational field.
MapInfo Pro is a desktop geographic information system (GIS) software product produced by Pitney Bowes Software (formerly MapInfo Corporation) and used for mapping and location analysis.
The McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II is a tandem two-seat, twin-engine, all-weather, long-range supersonic jet interceptor and fighter-bomber originally developed for the United States Navy by McDonnell Aircraft.
Microforms are scaled-down reproductions of documents, typically either films or paper, made for the purposes of transmission, storage, reading, and printing.
Mobile mapping is the process of collecting geospatial data from a mobile vehicle, typically fitted with a range of photographic, radar, laser, LiDAR or any number of remote sensing systems.
Multispectral remote sensing is the collection and analysis of reflected, emitted, or back-scattered energy from an object or an area of interest in multiple bands of regions of the electromagnetic spectrum (Jensen, 2005).
Gaspard-Félix Tournachon (6 April 1820 – 20 March 1910), known by the pseudonym Nadar, was a French photographer, caricaturist, journalist, novelist, and balloonist (or, more accurately, proponent of manned flight).
National Center for Remote Sensing, Air, and Space Law is a research facility that is part of the University of Mississippi School of Law.
A national lidar dataset refers to a high-resolution lidar dataset comprising most—and ideally all—of a nation’s terrain.
A natural disaster is a major adverse event resulting from natural processes of the Earth; examples include floods, hurricanes, tornadoes, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tsunamis, and other geologic processes.
Natural resource management refers to the management of natural resources such as land, water, soil, plants and animals, with a particular focus on how management affects the quality of life for both present and future generations (stewardship).
Nicola Masini (born 1965) is an Italian scientist with CNR noted for his work on exploring traces of Andean civilizations in Peru and Bolivia using spatial technologies and Remote Sensing.
The Nimbus satellites were second-generation U.S. robotic spacecraft used for meteorological research and development.
Noise is unwanted sound judged to be unpleasant, loud or disruptive to hearing.
The North American A-5 Vigilante is an American carrier-based supersonic bomber designed and built by North American Aviation for the United States Navy.
The North American Aviation P-51 Mustang is an American long-range, single-seat fighter and fighter-bomber used during World War II and the Korean War, among other conflicts.
An ocean (the sea of classical antiquity) is a body of saline water that composes much of a planet's hydrosphere.
OCR-B is a monospace font developed in 1968 by Adrian Frutiger for Monotype by following the European Computer Manufacturer's Association standard.
Opticks is a remote sensing application that supports imagery, video (motion imagery), synthetic aperture radar (SAR), multi-spectral, hyper-spectral, and other types of remote sensing data.
Orfeo Toolbox (OTB) is a library for remote sensing image processing.
An orthophoto, orthophotograph or orthoimage is an aerial photograph or image geometrically corrected ("orthorectified") such that the scale is uniform: the photo has the same lack of distortion as a map.
PCI Geomatica is a remote sensing desktop software package for processing earth observation data, designed by.
Photography is the science, art, application and practice of creating durable images by recording light or other electromagnetic radiation, either electronically by means of an image sensor, or chemically by means of a light-sensitive material such as photographic film.
A photometer, generally, is an instrument that measures light intensity or the optical properties of solutions or surfaces.
Pictometry is the name of a patented aerial image capture process that produces imagery showing the fronts and sides of buildings and locations on the ground.
In digital imaging, a pixel, pel, dots, or picture element is a physical point in a raster image, or the smallest addressable element in an all points addressable display device; so it is the smallest controllable element of a picture represented on the screen.
Plasma (Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek English Lexicon, on Perseus) is one of the four fundamental states of matter, and was first described by chemist Irving Langmuir in the 1920s.
Polarimetry is the measurement and interpretation of the polarization of transverse waves, most notably electromagnetic waves, such as radio or light waves.
QGIS (previously known as Quantum GIS) is a free and open-source cross-platform desktop geographic information system (GIS) application that supports viewing, editing, and analysis of geospatial data.
Radar is an object-detection system that uses radio waves to determine the range, angle, or velocity of objects.
A radar altimeter, electronic altimeter, reflection altimeter, radio altimeter (RADALT), low range radio altimeter (LRRA) or simply RA, used on aircraft, measures altitude above the terrain presently beneath an aircraft or spacecraft by timing how long it takes a beam of radio waves to reflect from the ground and return to the plane.
RADARSAT is a Canadian remote sensing Earth observation satellite program overseen by the Canadian Space Agency (CSA).
A radiometer or roentgenometer is a device for measuring the radiant flux (power) of electromagnetic radiation.
Radiometry is a set of techniques for measuring electromagnetic radiation, including visible light.
RapidEye AG was a German geospatial information provider focused on assisting in management decision-making through services based on their own Earth observation imagery.
In computer graphics, a raster graphics or bitmap image is a dot matrix data structure that represents a generally rectangular grid of pixels (points of color), viewable via a monitor, paper, or other display medium.
Remote monitoring and control (M&C) systems are designed to control large or complex facilities such as factories, power plants, network operations centers, airports, and spacecraft, with some degree of automation.
Remote sensing techniques in archaeology are an increasingly important component of the technical and methodological tool set available in archaeological research.
A remote sensing application is a software application that processes remote sensing data.
A variety of remote sensing systems exist, for which the specification is distributed among a variety of websites from data providers, satellite operators and manufacturers.
is the family name of a group of software programs designed by to aid in analyzing satellite or aerial images of the Earth's surface for the purpose of collecting and disseminating geospatial intelligence.
Satellite imagery (or spaceborne photography) are images of Earth or other planets collected by imaging satellites operated by governments and businesses around the world.
A satellite navigation or satnav system is a system that uses satellites to provide autonomous geo-spatial positioning.
A seismometer is an instrument that measures motion of the ground, caused by, for example, an earthquake, a volcanic eruption, or the use of explosives.
Silicon Valley (abbreviated as SV) is a region in the southern San Francisco Bay Area of Northern California, referring to the Santa Clara Valley, which serves as the global center for high technology, venture capital, innovation, and social media.
The Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) is a spacecraft built by a European industrial consortium led by Matra Marconi Space (now Astrium) that was launched on a Lockheed Martin Atlas II AS launch vehicle on December 2, 1995, to study the Sun, and has discovered over 3000 comets.
The solar wind is a stream of charged particles released from the upper atmosphere of the Sun, called the corona.
Sonar (originally an acronym for SOund Navigation And Ranging) is a technique that uses sound propagation (usually underwater, as in submarine navigation) to navigate, communicate with or detect objects on or under the surface of the water, such as other vessels.
A space probe is a robotic spacecraft that does not orbit the Earth, but, instead, explores further into outer space.
Stereoscopy (also called stereoscopics, or stereo imaging) is a technique for creating or enhancing the illusion of depth in an image by means of stereopsis for binocular vision.
The Sun is the star at the center of the Solar System.
Sunlight is a portion of the electromagnetic radiation given off by the Sun, in particular infrared, visible, and ultraviolet light.
TerraSAR-X, an imaging radar Earth observation satellite, is a joint venture being carried out under a public-private-partnership between the German Aerospace Center (DLR) and EADS Astrium.
TerrSet (formerly IDRISI) is an integrated geographic information system (GIS) and remote sensing software developed by Clark Labs at Clark University for the analysis and display of digital geospatial information.
Thermodynamics is the branch of physics concerned with heat and temperature and their relation to energy and work.
TNTmips is a geospatial analysis system providing a fully featured GIS, RDBMS, and automated image processing system with CAD, TIN, surface modeling, map layout and innovative data publishing tools.
TopoFlight is a three-dimensional flight planning software for photogrammetric flights.
In modern mapping, a topographic map is a type of map characterized by large-scale detail and quantitative representation of relief, usually using contour lines, but historically using a variety of methods.
Trimble Inc. is a Sunnyvale, California-based developer of Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) receivers, laser rangefinders, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), inertial navigation systems and software processing tools.
Ultrasound is sound waves with frequencies higher than the upper audible limit of human hearing.
The Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite (UARS) was a NASA-operated orbital observatory whose mission was to study the Earth’s atmosphere, particularly the protective ozone layer.
The Vector Map (VMAP), also called Vector Smart Map, is a vector-based collection of geographic information system (GIS) data about Earth at various levels of detail.
Venus is the second planet from the Sun, orbiting it every 224.7 Earth days.
Wave propagation is any of the ways in which waves travel.
Weather forecasting is the application of science and technology to predict the conditions of the atmosphere for a given location and time.
Weather radar, also called weather surveillance radar (WSR) and Doppler weather radar, is a type of radar used to locate precipitation, calculate its motion, and estimate its type (rain, snow, hail etc.). Modern weather radars are mostly pulse-Doppler radars, capable of detecting the motion of rain droplets in addition to the intensity of the precipitation.
The weather satellite is a type of satellite that is primarily used to monitor the weather and climate of the Earth.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.