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Republic of Formosa

Index Republic of Formosa

The Republic of Formosa (literally Taiwan Democratic State) was a short-lived republic that existed on the island of Taiwan in 1895 between the formal cession of Taiwan by the Qing Dynasty of China to the Empire of Japan by the Treaty of Shimonoseki and it being taken over by Japanese troops. [1]

59 relations: Allies of World War II, Battle of Baguashan, Battle of Bang Bo (Zhennan Pass), Beijing, Beiyang Fleet, Black Flag Army, Capitulation of Tainan, Charles Denby Jr., Chen Jitong, Empire of Japan, First Sino-Japanese War, Formosan languages, Geography of Taiwan, Gotō Shinpei, Guangxi, Guilin, Hakka Chinese, History of Taiwan, James W. Davidson, Japanese invasion of Taiwan (1895), Journal of Race Development, Kabayama Sukenori, Lanfang Republic, Li Hongzhang, Liaodong Peninsula, Lin Sen, List of historical unrecognized states and dependencies, Liu Yongfu, Mainland China, Manchuria, Nitobe Inazō, Penghu, Pescadores Campaign (1895), Port Arthur massacre (China), President of the Republic of China, Public Television Service, Qing dynasty, Qing dynasty coinage, Qinzhou, Qiu Fengjia, Republic, Republic of Ezo, Sacramento, California, Suzerainty, Tainan, Taipei, Taiwan independence movement, Taiwan under Japanese rule, Taiwanese Hokkien, Tamsui District, ..., Tang Jingsong, The Sacramento Union, Treaty of Shimonoseki, Triple Intervention, World War II, Yamen, Zhang Zhidong, 1895 (film), 1943 Cairo Declaration. Expand index (9 more) »

Allies of World War II

The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).

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Battle of Baguashan

The Battle of Baguashan, the largest battle ever fought on Taiwanese soil, was the pivotal battle of the Japanese invasion of Taiwan.

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Battle of Bang Bo (Zhennan Pass)

The Battle of Bang Bo, known in China as the battle of Zhennan Pass (Chinese:鎮南關之役), was a major Chinese victory during the Sino-French War (August 1884–April 1885).

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Beijing

Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.

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Beiyang Fleet

The Beiyang Fleet (Pei-yang Fleet;, alternatively Northern Seas Fleet) was one of the four modernised Chinese navies in the late Qing Dynasty.

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Black Flag Army

The Black Flag Army was a splinter remnant of a bandit group recruited largely from soldiers of ethnic Zhuang background, who crossed the border in 1865 from Guangxi, China into Upper Tonkin, then part of the Empire of Annam (Central Vietnam).

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Capitulation of Tainan

The Capitulation of Tainan, on 21 October 1895, was the last act in the Japanese invasion of Taiwan.

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Charles Denby Jr.

Charles Denby Jr. (November 14, 1861 – February 15, 1938) was an American diplomat in China and later in Vienna, Austria, and was known as one of the top scholars of Chinese language and culture of his time.

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Chen Jitong

Chen Jitong (1851–1907), courtesy name Jingru (敬如), also known as Tcheng Ki-tong, was a Chinese diplomat, general and scholar during the late Qing Dynasty.

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Empire of Japan

The was the historical nation-state and great power that existed from the Meiji Restoration in 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution of modern Japan.

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First Sino-Japanese War

The First Sino-Japanese War (25 July 1894 – 17 April 1895) was fought between Qing dynasty of China and Empire of Japan, primarily for influence over Joseon.

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Formosan languages

"Formosan languages" is a cover term for the languages of the indigenous peoples of Taiwan, all of which belong to the Austronesian language family.

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Geography of Taiwan

Taiwan, formerly known as Formosa, is an island in East Asia; located some off the southeastern coast of mainland China across the Taiwan Strait.

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Gotō Shinpei

Count was a Japanese politician and cabinet minister of the Taishō and early Shōwa period Empire of Japan.

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Guangxi

Guangxi (pronounced; Zhuang: Gvangjsih), officially the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, is a Chinese autonomous region in South Central China, bordering Vietnam.

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Guilin

Guilin, formerly romanized as Kweilin, is a prefecture-level city in the northeast of China's Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.

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Hakka Chinese

Hakka, also rendered Kejia, is one of the major groups of varieties of Chinese, spoken natively by the Hakka people throughout southern China, Taiwan, Hong Kong and throughout the diaspora areas of East Asia, Southeast Asia, and in overseas Chinese communities around the world.

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History of Taiwan

The history of Taiwan dates back tens of thousands of years to the earliest known evidence of human habitation on the island.

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James W. Davidson

James Wheeler Davidson (14 June 1872 – 18 July 1933) was an explorer, writer, United States diplomat, businessman and philanthropist.

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Japanese invasion of Taiwan (1895)

The Japanese invasion of Taiwan (May–October 1895) was a conflict between the Empire of Japan and the armed forces of the short-lived Republic of Formosa following the Qing Dynasty's cession of Taiwan to Japan in April 1895 at the end of the First Sino-Japanese War.

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Journal of Race Development

The Journal of Race Development was the first American academic journal of international relations.

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Kabayama Sukenori

Count was a Japanese samurai military leader and statesman.

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Lanfang Republic

The Lanfang Republic (Pha̍k-fa-sṳ: Làn-fông Khiung-fò-koet) was a Chinese state and kongsi federation in Western Borneo.

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Li Hongzhang

Li Hongzhang, Marquess Suyi (also romanised as Li Hung-chang) (15 February 1823 – 7 November 1901),, was a Chinese politician, general and diplomat of the late Qing dynasty.

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Liaodong Peninsula

The Liaodong Peninsula is a peninsula in Liaoning Province of Northeast China, historically known in the West as Southeastern Manchuria.

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Lin Sen

Lin Sen (16 March 1868 – 1 August 1943), courtesy name Zichao (子超), sobriquet Changren (長仁), was Chairman of the National Government of the Republic of China from 1931 until his death.

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List of historical unrecognized states and dependencies

These lists of historical unrecognized or partially recognized states or governments give an overview of extinct geopolitical entities that wished to be recognized as sovereign states, but did not enjoy worldwide diplomatic recognition.

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Liu Yongfu

Liu Yongfu (1837–1917) was a Chinese soldier of fortune and commander of the celebrated Black Flag Army.

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Mainland China

Mainland China, also known as the Chinese mainland, is the geopolitical as well as geographical area under the direct jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China (PRC).

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Manchuria

Manchuria is a name first used in the 17th century by Chinese people to refer to a large geographic region in Northeast Asia.

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Nitobe Inazō

was a Japanese agricultural economist, author, educator, diplomat, politician, and Christian during the pre-World War II period.

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Penghu

The Penghu or Pescadores Islands are an archipelago of 90 islands and islets in the Taiwan Strait.

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Pescadores Campaign (1895)

The Pescadores Campaign (23–26 March 1895) was the last military operation of the First Sino-Japanese War and an essential preliminary to the Japanese conquest of Taiwan.

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Port Arthur massacre (China)

The Port Arthur massacre occurred during the First Sino-Japanese War from 21 November 1894 for two or three days, when advanced elements of the First Division of the Japanese Second Army under command of General Yamaji Motoharu (1841–1897) killed somewhere between 1,000 and 20,000 Chinese servicemen and civiliansp.330 Villiers, Frederic.

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President of the Republic of China

The President of Taiwan, officially the President of the Republic of China, is the head of state and the head of government of Taiwan.

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Public Television Service

Taiwan Public Television Service Foundation (PTS Foundation/Public Television Service Foundation), also called Public Television Service (PTS), is the first independent public broadcasting institution in Taiwan, which broadcasts the Public Television Service Taiwan.

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Qing dynasty

The Qing dynasty, also known as the Qing Empire, officially the Great Qing, was the last imperial dynasty of China, established in 1636 and ruling China from 1644 to 1912.

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Qing dynasty coinage

Qing dynasty coinage was based on a bimetallic standard of copper and silver coinage.

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Qinzhou

Qinzhou (postal: Yamchow,, Jyutping: Jam1 zau1 (Canton) /Ham1 zau1 (Local)) is a prefecture-level city in Guangxi, China, lying on the Gulf of Tonkin and having an urban population of 433,000.

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Qiu Fengjia

Qiu Fengjia or Chiu Feng-Chia (26 December 1864 – 25 February 1912) was a Taiwanese Hakka−Chinese patriot, educator, and poet.

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Republic

A republic (res publica) is a form of government in which the country is considered a "public matter", not the private concern or property of the rulers.

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Republic of Ezo

The was a short-lived state established in 1869 by a part of the former Tokugawa military in what is now known as Hokkaido, the large but sparsely populated northernmost island in modern Japan.

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Sacramento, California

Sacramento is the capital city of the U.S. state of California and the seat of Sacramento County.

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Suzerainty

Suzerainty (and) is a back-formation from the late 18th-century word suzerain, meaning upper-sovereign, derived from the French sus (meaning above) + -erain (from souverain, meaning sovereign).

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Tainan

Tainan (Hokkien POJ: Tâi-lâm), officially Tainan City, is a special municipality of Taiwan, facing the Formosan Strait or Taiwan Strait in the west and south.

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Taipei

Taipei, officially known as Taipei City, is the capital and a special municipality of Taiwan (officially known as the Republic of China, "ROC").

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Taiwan independence movement

The Taiwan independence movement is a political movement to pursue formal independence of Taiwan, Goals for independence have arisen from international law in relation to the 1952 Treaty of San Francisco.

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Taiwan under Japanese rule

Taiwan under Japanese rule is the period between 1895 and 1945 in which the island of Taiwan (including the Penghu Islands) was a dependency of the Empire of Japan, after Qing China lost the First Sino-Japanese War to Japan and ceded Taiwan Province in the Treaty of Shimonoseki.

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Taiwanese Hokkien

Taiwanese Hokkien (translated as Taiwanese Min Nan), also known as Taiwanese/Taiwanese language in Taiwan (/), is a branched-off variant of Hokkien spoken natively by about 70% of the population of Taiwan.

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Tamsui District

Tamsui also Danshui is a sea-side district in New Taipei, Taiwan.

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Tang Jingsong

Tang Jingsong (1841–1903) was a Chinese general and statesman.

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The Sacramento Union

The Sacramento Union was a daily newspaper founded in 1851 in Sacramento, California.

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Treaty of Shimonoseki

The was a treaty signed at the Shunpanrō hotel, Shimonoseki, Japan on 17 April 1895, between the Empire of Japan and the Qing Empire, ending the First Sino-Japanese War.

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Triple Intervention

The was a diplomatic intervention by Russia, Germany, and France on 23 April 1895 over the terms of the Treaty of Shimonoseki signed between Japan and Qing Dynasty China that ended the First Sino-Japanese War.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Yamen

A yamen (ya-men;; Manchu: yamun) was the administrative office or residence of a local bureaucrat or mandarin in imperial China.

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Zhang Zhidong

Zhang Zhidong (4 September 18375 October 1909) was a Chinese official who lived the late Qing dynasty.

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1895 (film)

1895 or Blue Brave: The Legend of Formosa 1895 is a Taiwanese Hakka film based on the Japanese Invasion of Taiwan in 1895, with emphasis on the Hakka fighters and their families in the conflict.

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1943 Cairo Declaration

The Cairo Declaration was the outcome of the Cairo Conference in Cairo, Egypt, on November 27, 1943.

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Redirects here:

Democratic State of Taiwan, Flag of Blue Ground and Yellow Tiger, Formosan Declaration of Independance, Formosan Republic, Republic of Formosa (1895), Republic of Taiwan (1895).

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republic_of_Formosa

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